1Nyxes with cervical osteochondrosis
- 1.2What are the advantages and disadvantages of treatment with injections?
- 1.4Contraindications, side effects
- 1.5How do I inject? When do I need to entrust a doctor's injection?
- 1.6List of used drugs
- 1.7Anti-inflammatory drugs
- 1.9Spasmolytics and muscle relaxants
- 1.11Vitamins and Vitamin Complexes
- 1.15Prophylactic use
2Injections for osteochondrosis of the lumbar region: names, instructions for use
- 2.1Features of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region
- 2.2Advantages of such treatment
- 2.3Disadvantages of injections
- 2.4Types of injections
- 2.5The main groups of drugs
- 2.6Anesthetizing injections
- 2.7"Milgamma" (injections): instructions for use
- 2.8Injections "Kombilipen instructions for use
- 2.9What to do in case of a severe pain attack
- 2.10Rehabilitation treatment
3What are the injections prescribed for the treatment of cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis?
- 3.1In what cases are injections of osteochondrosis
- 3.2Types and benefits
- 3.3What injections are better for setting in the treatment of the spine
- 3.7Nicotinic acid
- 3.9Treatment with blockades
- 3.11What is prescribed for cervical treatment
4Cervical osteochondrosis: symptoms, treatment, injections
- 4.1Typical and atypical symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
- 4.2Indications for the appointment of injections with cervical osteochondrosis
- 4.3What injections are prescribed for cervical osteochondrosis
- 4.4Muscle relaxants and antispasmodics
- 4.6Vitamin Complexes
Nyxes with cervical osteochondrosis
Alas, from cervical osteochondrosisyou can not get rid of once and for all, this disease persecutes the patient all his life. The only thing that can be done is to slow down or completely stop its development.
To achieve this effect, doctors prescribe a comprehensive treatment: both exercise therapy, and massage, and physiotherapy, and various drugs. Most often, the latter are prescribed in the form of injections, for which there are reasons (which will be discussed below).
The article considers cervical osteochondrosis: symptoms, treatment, injections and their advantages and disadvantages.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spinecan show very different symptomsfrom the patient to the patient, which greatly complicates the diagnosis.
Here is an indicative list of symptoms:
- facial pain, pain in the eyes, in the chin;
- pain in the neck, in the shoulders, in the elbows;
- feeling of lack of air, dizziness, loss of consciousness;
- limited mobility of the neck (or complete lack of mobility);
- numbness of the skin in the neck and above, numbness of the tongue;
- mental disorders;
- violation of the swallowing reflex, tachy / bradycardia;
- atrophy of the muscles of the chin;
- weakness, tics in the hands.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of treatment with injections?
So, why are the injections used for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine so popular? Basically -because of the speed of the onset of the effect.
The same diclofenac can relieve acute pain during an exacerbation in 10-20 minutes, and a full course (5-7 days), even in severe cases, helps for a few weeks at least.
The next important advantage: dosage. When a patient drinks diclofenac in the form of tablets, part of the medicine is inevitably lost in the digestive tract and liver. Injections are also designed for the fact that the drug through the intercellular fluid will quickly enter the bloodstream and with minimal losses will reach the sore spot.
Separately it is necessary to say that the hospital uses its own form of injections - droppers.
Droppers allow you to deliver the medicine to the body all the time and at the right dose to the doctor, which greatly speeds up the treatment process.
Injections for osteochondrosishave the following advantages:
- fast effect;
- small loss of effect;
- possibility to put a dropper.
- for injection, someone who knows how to do it needs someone;
- nyxes can be accompanied by pain.
- the presence of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine of any stage;
- impossibility to deliver the medicine in another way (wounds on the skin at the place of application of the ointment, deformation of the pharynx).
Contraindications, side effects
For all injections, a contraindication isallergy to componentsinjections. Side effects depend on the medicine used.
The only side effect of the injection as such can be the ingress of air into the vein / muscle.
If this happens, you must immediately deliver the patient to the nearest medical institution.
How do I inject? When do I need to entrust a doctor's injection?
Injections with cervical osteochondrosis are of 3 kinds: in the neck, in the vein, in the muscle. Prick in the vertebrae (blockade) can only be performed by an anesthesiologist and a neurologist. Injections into the vein (droppers) can be done by any medical professional.
An injection in the muscle can be done independently or with the help of a person who knows how to do it.
The injections are done as follows:
- To begin with, you need to sterilize the injection site with alcohol. You can stab in any large muscle (legs, arms), but the most preferable and safe place is the upper distal (from the center of the body) quarter of the buttock.
- Then - draw a syringe medicine. Dial slowly so that no bubbles appear.
- Release air and bubbles from the syringe.
- Insert the needle into the soft tissue. To enter it is necessary deeply that the medicine has got in a muscle, instead of in a hypodermic fatty layer.
- Slowly press the plunger of the syringe, injecting the medicine.
- After the termination - to take out a needle, to apply to the site of a prick a cotton wool soaked with alcohol.
- The patient needs to lie for about 10 minutes, because the movements can be painful.
List of used drugs
Injuries from cervical osteochondrosismust appoint a doctor. Self-medication can worsen the course of the disease.
As mentioned above, an allergy to components is a contraindication to any injections.
They are: NSAIDs, NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Their task: to remove the inflammation, because of which the pain usually aggravates.
Diclofenac, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: Diclofenac is the most powerful remedy for inflammation in osteochondrosis. Contraindications: allergy to acetylsalicylic acid, hematopoiesis.
Price: 44 rubles. for 5 ampoules.
Diclofenac-Akos, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: Diclofenac analog. Contraindications: an allergy to aspirin, a violation of the formation of blood cells.
Price: 17 rubles. for 5 ampoules.
Meloksikam, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: NSAID of the 2nd generation, selectively inhibits COX-2, due to which it causes fewer side effects.
Contraindications: heart failure, bronchial asthma, bleeding, violation blood coagulability, renal and hepatic insufficiency, age under 18, pregnancy, breast feeding.
The price: 90 rbl. for 3 ampoules.
Xsefokam, lyophilizate. Description: medicine based on lornoxicam. He is appointed in case of an allergy to meloxicam. Contraindications: similar to Meloxicam.
Price: 650 rub. for 5 ampoules.
Dolac, a solution for intravenous and intramuscular administration. Description: A typical NSAID, according to effectiveness, is located between diclofenac and ibuprofen. Contraindications: renal and hepatic insufficiency, stroke, hemopoiesis, bleeding, pregnancy, lactation, children's age.
If there is no hernia in the osteochondrosis of the spine in the neck, then they can helppreparations based on chondroitinand glucosamine.
They are prescribed when it is necessary to restore the elasticity of the intervertebral disc.
Description: glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex, extracted from animal cartilage. Its composition is similar to the intra-articular fluid.
Price: 2650 rub. for 25 injections.
DONA, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: The drug contains a large dose of glucosamine, which is a component of hyaluronic acid, which (in turn) is part of the synovial fluid. Contraindications: allergies.
Price: 1550 rub. for 6 ampoules.
Alflutop, injection. Description: concentrate from small sea fish. It is prescribed if there is an allergy to other chondroprotectors. Contraindications: an allergic reaction to seafood.
Price: 1500 rub. for 10 ampoules.
Spasmolytics and muscle relaxants
Treatment of osteochondrosis with injections can be directed to:spine, nerves and muscles.
In the latter case, prescribe antispasmodics or relaxants - to remove excessive tension or spasm of muscles.
Midokalm-Richter,injection. Description: The most common and affordable muscle relaxant.
Contraindications: allergy to lidocaine, myasthenia gravis, pregnancy.
Price: 450 rub. for 5 ampoules.
Riedelat-S, solution for intravenous administration. Description: safer and more effective version of Midokalma. Contraindications: hypersensitivity to histamine.
The price: 2000 rub. for 10 ampoules.
Arduan, lyophilizate. Description: A very powerful tool that anesthesiologists use in extreme cases. Contraindications: heart diseases.
Price: 1700 rub. for 25 ampoules.
What kind of nyxes need to be stabbed, if there is pain, but no inflammation? Answer: usual painkillers. Their names were met at least once:
Analgin, injection. Description: an extremely common analgesic of a wide spectrum of action. Contraindications: asthma, bronchospasm, oppressive hematopoiesis, blood diseases, severe impairment of kidney and liver function, hemolytic anemia.
The price: 50 rbl. for 10 injections.
Took, a solution for intravenous and intramuscular administration. Description: analgesic and antipyretic, a relative of Analgin. Contraindications: marked violations of the kidney and liver, tachyarrhythmia, collapse, glaucoma.
Price: 70 rubles. for 5 ampoules.
Baralgin M, injection. Description: an analgesic, characterized by high efficiency. Stronger than Analgin. Contraindications: hepatic porphyria.
Price: 280 rub. for 5 ampoules.
Vitamins and Vitamin Complexes
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis with injectionsdoes not do without vitamins of group B.
They weaken or prevent radiculitis - pain in the nerve roots.
Thiamine, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: pure vitamin B1 in a large dosage. Contraindications: allergies.
Price: 30 rubles. for 10 injections.
Milgamma, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: a popular complex of thiamine (B1), pyridoxine (B6), cyanocobalamin (B12) and lidocaine. Contraindications: allergic reactions, including lidocaine; heart failure.
Price: 240 rubles. for 5 ampoules.
Neurobion, solution for intramuscular injection. Description: the same vitamin complex, but without lidocaine. Contraindications: hypersensitivity to vitamins B group.
Price: 290 rub. for 3 ampoules.
Procedures prescribed by doctors, you can remove even the most severe pain. Blockades belong to such procedures.
During blockade, injections from the cervical osteochondrosis are made directly into the spine.
The basis of the blockade is usually an analgesic, to which a glucocorticosteroid is added.
Citing examples of SCS does not make sense, because the blockade is done in the hospital (and only in the hospital), where there are all the necessary drugs.
Droppers are sometimes referred to as a separate type of medication, which is fundamentally wrong. In the dropper, you can pour any medicine that is intended for intravenous administration. Most often, patients are given droppers with anesthetics and anti-inflammatory drugs, less often with vitamins and muscle relaxants.
Droppers with chondroprotectors do not use at all.
Among other medicines in the form of injections, homoeopathic medicines can be mentioned, but only to warn the reader of their use.
None of the homeopathic medicines has a proven therapeutic effect.
Harm such a medicine, most likely, will not cause, but also benefit from it practically will not be.
In the prevention of cervical osteochondrosis, injections do not make any sense.
The only group of drugs that can be prevented is the B vitamins, but it is much more reasonable to get them through tablets or vitamin complexes. The latter, by the way, make up for the lack of not only B vitamins, but others.
The injections are an indispensable practice in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. They relieve acute pain, and do it quickly. Some of the drugs can be chopped alone (intramuscularly), and for some you need to go to the hospital (intravenous injections, blockades).
The injections are effective, but you need to remember that osteochondrosis requires complex treatment.
A very large and useful video about drugs treatment
How to forget about joint and spinal pain?
- Does pain limit your movements and full life?
- Are you worried about discomfort, crunching and systematic pain?
- Perhaps you have tried a bunch of medicines, creams and ointments?
A source: http://zdorovya-spine.ru/bolezni/osteohondroz/shejnyj/lechenie-shejnyj/medikamenty-lechenie-shejnyj/inektsii.html
Injections for osteochondrosis of the lumbar region: names, instructions for use
An exacerbation of the osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine causes severe pain. Therefore, treatment with this condition should be comprehensive.
First of all, it is necessary to relieve the pain syndrome, because in some cases the patient can not even move. In addition, it is very important to release the nerve roots and vessels, compressed due to spasm of muscles and deformation of the vertebral discs.
In many cases, the most effective option to help cope with this problem are injections. In osteochondrosis of the lumbar region, they are used most often, since the pain in this place is usually the strongest.
The main feature of such treatment is that it should be prescribed by a doctor, and it is necessary to do injections in a medical institution.
Features of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region
Due to a sedentary lifestyle, excess weight and malnutrition, the cartilage and bone tissues of the spine are gradually deformed. The lumbar region is especially prone to this.
The vertebrae in this place of the spine are the largest and most powerful, the distance between them is small. Therefore, even with a small degree of destruction of the disc or the body of the vertebra, severe pains occur.
There are many nerve endings in the lumbar region. And the presence of a sciatic nerve leads to the fact that often the pain becomes unbearable and is given to the feet.
Therefore, for many, the destination of injections becomes salvation.
Advantages of such treatment
Injections with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are the most effective and quickest way to relieve the patient's condition. In comparison with the use of tablets, ointments and other methods of injection have several advantages:
- they act quickly, because the medicine gets into the blood immediately, it does not need to be absorbed in the stomach for a while;
- injections are much more effective, because they do not pass through the digestive tract and are not exposed to the action of gastric juice, because of which tablets often reduce their effectiveness;
- when injecting drugs, it is easier to calculate their exact dosage;
- Do not irritate the digestive system, like most drugs in tablets.
Disadvantages of injections
But not always prescribe such treatment for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. The injections can also have disadvantages:
- long-term use of this method is highly traumatic, since abscesses or cones can develop at the injection site;
- the treatment of osteochondrosis takes a long time, and medical workers must do the injections, but not everyone has the opportunity to visit the medical facility so often;
- drugs administered intravenously or intramuscularly act quickly, but for a short time, and much more often cause systemic side effects.
Types of injections
Depending on the type of drug chosen and the purpose of their use, various methods of administering drug solutions are practiced.
- In most cases, injections with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are done intramuscularly. This allows you to quickly penetrate the drug into the bloodstream and provide the necessary action.
- With severe pain, intravenous injections are done. Their effect is almost instantaneous, so these injections are resorted to in emergency cases.
- For the treatment of chronic osteochondrosis, vitamins are often prescribed, which are best absorbed by subcutaneous injection.
- In conditions of a medical institution, sometimes severe pains are stopped with the help of a drug blockade. The introduction of leukartstva in the place of exit of nerve endings or between vertebrae allows to relieve pain in case of severe attack of osteochondrosis.
The main groups of drugs
The choice of a medicine depends on the general condition of the patient, the intensity of the pain syndrome, the presence of contraindications and the characteristics of the disease.
Usually, complex treatment is prescribed, except for injections, these are tablets, ointments, physiotherapy procedures. For injections, several groups of drugs are often used.
What kind of injections help with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is best?
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and antispasmodics. These drugs quickly enter the bloodstream and block the signals of nerve cells. They relieve inflammation, muscle spasm, thereby releasing the nerve roots. Therefore, drugs from this group are most often used for emergency help to the patient.
- Chondroprotectors help restore cartilaginous tissue. The use of such drugs prevents further destruction of the discs and vertebrae, and also returns the mobility of the spine.
- Vitamin preparations restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in tissues. Most often with osteochondrosis apply vitamins of group B.
- Homeopathic remedies are used quite rarely, since not everyone trusts them. But they are the safest way to stop the destruction of the spinal tissues.
Most often an injection of drugs is needed to stop a pain attack. Anesthetizing injections for osteochondrosis should relieve inflammation, muscle spasm and reduce pain. For this, different drugs are used.
- The drugs of the analgesic group are the most affordable and effectively relieve pain. Most often with osteochondrosis apply "Analgin" (costs about 50 rubles) or "Baralgin" - 120-130 rubles. They stop pain receptors, facilitating the patient's condition.
- For the treatment to be more effective, analgesics are used together with antispasmodics. They relax the muscles, removing pain because of their spasm. The most inexpensive are "Tizanidin" and "Tizalud which cost 120-140 rubles. Baclosan (250 rubles) and No-Shpa (200 rubles) are also used. A more expensive drug, but considered to be the most effective, is "Midokalm costs about 400 rubles.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs not only relieve pain, but also reduce the inflammatory process. Therefore, these are the most effective injections for osteochondrosis. The reviews point out that the best drugs are Ketonal, Diclofenac, Voltaren and Movalis. They cost all about 250 rubles.
"Milgamma" (injections): instructions for use
The price of this drug is 400-500 rubles for 10 ampoules. But "Milgamma" is now considered the most effective remedy for osteochondrosis. This is a new combination drug.
In addition to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory components, it includes vitamins of group B. This helps to remove the swelling of the soft tissues and restore blood circulation..
Therefore, in recent years, the drug "Milgamma" (injections) has been increasingly prescribed for patients with osteochondrosis. Instructions for use, price and numerous positive reviews of patients - everything speaks about the effectiveness of this drug..
It not only relieves pain and inflammation, but also restores metabolic processes in tissues, soothes and normalizes the general well-being of the patient.
Injections "Kombilipen instructions for use
The price of this drug is about 200 rubles, which is almost twice cheaper than the "Milgrammy". But they are almost identical in composition and efficiency. "Kombilipen" is also a complex of B vitamins and lidocaine.
Therefore, it has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and soothing effect. When osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is often prescribed injections "Kombilipen". Instructions for use, price and reviews characterize the drug as inexpensive and effective.
He helped many to get rid of bouts of pain and restore the mobility of the spine.
What to do in case of a severe pain attack
Often with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, the pain is so strong that the patients lose consciousness. With such an attack, it is necessary to take the patient to a medical institution.
An attack of pain there is most often removed with the help of a drug blockade. These are injections of anesthetic that are made around the affected area. They temporarily turn off the nerve impulses from the sore spot.
This method instantly relieves pain and muscle spasms.
Most often, blockades are made with Novokain or Lidocaine. To enhance the effect, they can be mixed with "Hydrocortisone" or "Prednisolone."
This method of relieving pain is very effective, since the action of the injection comes almost instantaneously and lasts for several hours.
But these injections can only be performed by medical personnel, since there is a great risk of infecting or damaging the spine.
In severe hospital pains, Boyko's mixture for intramuscular injections is also used. This combination of several drugs: "Diphenhydramine "Analgin "Novocaine" and vitamin B12. Sometimes "Novocaine" is replaced with "Papaverin" or "No-Shpoy."
All drugs are typed in a single syringe and administered intramuscularly. Thanks to this composition, the Boyko mixture has an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and soothing effect.
Despite the rapid effect and low cost of drugs, such treatment is carried out only in emergency cases.
After the removal of an attack of acute pain, restorative treatment of the spine continues. Most often, chondroprotectors are used for this. These are preparations containing glucosamine, which is obtained from the bone marrow of fish and animals, chondroitin and hyaluronic acid.
Such injections with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are used for a long time - 1 a month. All chondroprotectors are quite expensive - they cost from 250 to 450 rubles. But they restore mobility of the spine, prevent the destruction of discs, relieve pain.
Most often appoint "Aflutop "Don" or "Rumalon".
Vitamin preparations for osteochondrosis are used both in an acute period, and to restore the mobility of the spine. The injections are done mostly subcutaneously or intramuscularly. The most effective are injections of vitamins B1, B2, B6 and B12..
Often with osteochondrosis, homeopathic remedies are also used. They have proven themselves to relieve pain and inflammation, restore cartilage and metabolic processes in the tissues of the spine. The most effective are "Traumeel "Target T" and "Coenzyme"..
The injections at an osteochondrosis of a lumbar department of a backbone are the best means to remove a pain and to restore blood circulation in fabrics. But they can not be used on their own. Only a doctor can choose the right drug and its dosage.
A source: http://.ru/article/273453/ukolyi-pri-osteohondroze-poyasnichnogo-otdela-nazvaniya-instruktsiya-po-primeneniyu
What are the injections prescribed for the treatment of cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis?
Parenteral (in the form of injections) administration of medicinal substances has a number of advantages.
So, the drug quickly exerts its effect, because the time of entry into the bloodstream and into the application area is a matter of minutes.
It is possible to locally act on different cavities, for example, to administer a medicine inside the joint.
However, parenteral administration also has disadvantages that limit the application of the method. It is painful, it is possible to carry an infection, damage to tissues at the injection site. Therefore, the doctor appoints injections for osteochondrosis only in case of real necessity.
In what cases are injections of osteochondrosis
The injections and droppers are prescribed by the doctor when the patient is hospitalized during an exacerbation. During this period, an intensive course of therapy is conducted and all drugs are administered mainly parenterally.
Outside the exacerbation of the disease, injections of chondroprotectors and vitamins can be prescribed for the improvement of the condition of the intervertebral disc. Such a measure along with non-drug treatment will reduce the frequency of exacerbations of osteochondrosis.
Types and benefits
In the treatment of osteochondrosis, the following types of injections are made:
- Intramuscular- The medicine is injected into the large muscles: gluteus, femoral, biceps. Muscle tissue is provided with a large number of vessels, so that the drug is quickly absorbed into the blood and begins its action. Unlike injections in the vein, there is no risk of thrombosis and embolism (clogging the vessel with air).
- Intravenous- The drug is injected directly into the vascular bed, so the effect develops in a matter of minutes. The fastest way to deliver the medicine to the place of application.
- Nerve blockade- The medicine is injected directly into the area of the jammed nerve root or the nerve that is leaving it. The most effective way to stop pain syndrome.
What injections are better for setting in the treatment of the spine
Treatment of osteochondrosis is aimed at eliminating back pain and restoring intervertebral discs. Let's consider further, what preparations can help or assist with it or this.
These are injections of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
They combine anesthetic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects, so that not only eliminate pain, but also affect the cause of its appearance.
A significant negative of this group of drugs is a negative effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Often take NSAID leads to the development or exacerbation of gastric ulcer. Parenteral administration to some extent reduces the risk of adverse reactions.
Most often for the treatment of osteochondrosis appoint:
- Ketonal- has a pronounced analgesic effect, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect is manifested weaker. Negatively affects the mucosa of the stomach and intestines, provokes bleeding. The action lasts up to 6 hours.
- Movalis- has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, analgesic and antipyretic effect is less pronounced. Do not provoke the formation of ulcers in the stomach and duodenum, does not affect the coagulability of the blood. It lasts up to 24 hours, which allows you to inject the medication once a day.
- Diclofenac - effectively eliminates the inflammatory reaction in the tissues, the antipyretic and analgesic effect is less pronounced. Negatively affects the gastrointestinal tract and liver, so it can be used only under the cover of drugs that reduce the production of acid in the stomach. The action lasts up to 12 hours.
In cases where anti-inflammatory drugs do not cope with pain in the back, the doctor prescribes analgesics:
- Analgin- belongs to the group of NSAIDs, but practically has no anti-inflammatory effect. Quickly removes pain, inject it intravenously or into the muscle 2-3 times a day.
- Tramadol- an analgesic that affects the opioid receptors in the brain and has a powerful analgesic effect. The effect develops within half an hour after administration and lasts up to 6 hours. With prolonged use is addictive, but to a much lesser extent than morphine.
Milgamma is a combination drug that contains an anesthetic (lidocaine) and vitamins B, 6 and B12. Lidocaine has a local anesthetic effect, blocking the transmission of a nerve impulse from the pain receptors. The effect develops quickly, but lasts about an hour.
Vitamins of group B are involved in the metabolism of nerve cells. Mylgamma injections activate the healing of the stiffened root of the spinal nerve. There is a restoration of its outer shell and the nerve impulse freely passes in the right direction.
Pinched nerve leads to a feeling of numbness, creepy, burning pain in the zone of its innervation. Milgamma restores the nerve end, thus eliminating these unpleasant symptoms.
Enter the drug into the muscle for 7-10 days once a day.
Nicotinic acid has a beneficial effect on the vascular wall, dilates the capillaries and prevents the pathological formation of thrombi. Improves microcirculation in the intervertebral joints, due to which reduces the rate of degenerative processes in the intervertebral discs.
When cervical osteochondrosis often disrupted the blood supply to the brain, which leads to pain in the head, dizziness, tinnitus.Nicotinic acid injections improve the nutrition of nerve cells and eliminate the symptoms of ischemia.
Enter her intramuscularly, the average course of treatment lasts 2 weeks.
Chondroprotectors are drugs that protect and repair intervertebral discs.
They contain substances that are contained in the cartilaginous tissue. They stimulate the recovery of the disc, eliminate pain and relieve inflammation in the joint.
For the treatment of osteochondrosis use:
Enter them intramuscularly daily or several times a week. The course lasts for several weeks.
Treatment with blockades
Paravertebral blockade - is the introduction of a drug directly to the nerve root. To conduct it, use a solution of local anesthetic (novocaine, procaine, trimecaine) in a mixture with an anti-inflammatory agent (hydrocortisone).
The blockade removes pain in minutes, and hydrocortisone effectively removes inflammation in the tissues.This allows you to extend the effect of the injection to several days. Blockades are carried out by a course of 3-5 procedures in 2-3 days.
Not in any case, you can make such an injection. Contraindications to blockade are:
- intolerance to local anesthetics;
- furunculosis of the skin of the back;
- abscesses, abscesses, phlegmon in the area of blockade;
- acute infectious diseases.
In addition to B vitamins, osteochondrosis is prescribed vitamins A, E, C in the form of injections. They reduce inflammatory tissue damage, activate regenerative processes in the nervous tissue and joints, improve microcirculation. Prescribe vitamins in the period of acute acute stage collapse.
Vitamins A and E are fat-soluble, therefore they are released in the form of oily solutions. They can be administered only intramuscularly, the course of treatment lasts several weeks.
Vitamin C is released as an aqueous solution for intramuscular and intravenous injections. The duration of the course is determined by the attending physician.
What is prescribed for cervical treatment
Cervical osteochondrosis usually leads to pain in the head, shoulders and upper limbs.
The pain syndrome is expressed moderately, and in the first place there are circulatory disorders, weakness in the muscles of the hands, a sensation of tingling and numbness.
Therefore, the injections will be shown:
- Meggamma or B group vitamins;
- nicotinic acid;
- anti-inflammatory drugs.
Vertebrae in the thoracic spine are larger than in the cervical spine. Accordingly, their disks have a greater thickness and area. Their destruction leads to severe pain during movement, therefore injections of chondroprotectors are prescribed without fail.
Most often, the osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is manifested by pain along the rib path, as the spinal cord nerve passes through its internal surface.Therefore, blockades, injections of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs are used for treatment.
Milgamma and vitamin injections will speed recovery.
In the lumbar region, the vertebrae are massive and their discs are largest. Here, osteochondrosis leads to pinching of the sciatic nerve with irradiation of pain in the perineum and leg. The painful syndrome is pronounced, therefore they are prescribed painkillers, anti-inflammatory injections and milgamma.
Chondroprotectors contribute to the restoration of the disc and reduce the inflammatory response. Often, blockades are performed if treatment with analgesics does not give a lasting effect.
Different groups of drugs have their contraindications, but any injections can not be carried out with inflammatory phenomena at the injection site, allergies to the drug and hemophilia.
The use of many drugs is prohibited during pregnancy and lactation.
NSAIDs are contraindicated in people with peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum, cirrhosis of the liver and bleeding disorders.
Opioid analgesics are contraindicated in drug dependence in the patient, violations of the liver and kidneys.
A source: http://OsteoHondroza.net/medikamenty/inektsii/ukoly-pri-osteohondroze.html
Cervical osteochondrosis: symptoms, treatment, injections
Osteochondrosis is a rather unpleasant disease of the spine, related to the degenerative-dystrophic type. It leads to an abnormal compaction of the intervertebral discs and their further escape from the norm. As a result, the patient begins to feel the strongest pain.
With the development of the disease, the nature and frequency of pain will only increase. In this regard, the patient is prescribed injections of medications.
They quickly lead to the desired result, since their entry into the circulatory system takes literally minutes. In addition, it is possible to use the drug locally.
For example, inject it directly into the affected joint.
But this method of treatment has some drawbacks. For example, it is possible to contaminate or damage the joint tissue at the injection site.
Therefore, such treatment is prescribed only when there really is a need.
Below we will examine in more detail cervical osteochondrosis its symptoms and treatment with injections.
Typical and atypical symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
The main difference between the cervical and lumbar spine is that the vertebrae are more closely aligned with each other.
For this reason, the appearance of pathology in at least one of them can cause disruption of the normal operation of the entire spine.
In order to rule out the likelihood of other diseases with similar symptoms, to prescribe suitable treatment and shots from osteochondrosis, it is important to establish a precise diagnosis.
The main problem is that the initial forms of cervical osteochondrosis are practically not manifested. And already in a neglected state, a variety of unpleasant, painful sensations arise due to the process of changing the structure of the cartilage itself and pinching the artery.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis include:
- It all begins with the appearance of pain in the cervical region. This pain begins to embrace the neck muscles, accompanied by an unpleasant, frightening crunch and becomes stronger when the head turns. Severe headaches are possible, giving up in the neck, chest on the left and turning into the lower back;
- There may be a feeling of nausea. This is due to a violation of normal cerebral circulation. There may be signs of vegetovascular diseases, a feeling of heat, sweating, worsening of hearing and numbness of the tongue.
- Possible difficulty breathing. They are associated with excessive irritation of the diaphragm due to damage to the vertebrae of the neck. There may be a strong shortness of breath, and even a feeling of suffocation. This can lead to a deterioration in the memory capacity and irreversible damage to the brain;
- In addition, this condition is characterized by visual impairment. It arises because of the distortion of the arteries. This leads to the appearance of blurred vision, flickering points in front of the eyes, difficulties in focusing the look and the onset of atherosclerosis;
- Due to spasm of the arteries and the disturbance of normal blood flow in the brain, dizziness may occur, which can be poured into sudden loss of consciousness and unstable pressure.
The need for treatment with injections can arise depending on the stage of the disease and on the extent to which she has managed to deform the vertebrae.
In any case, the earlier you start to be treated, the more chances to get rid of osteochondrosis forever.
Ignoring the disease can lead to dangerous consequences up to disability.
Indications for the appointment of injections with cervical osteochondrosis
Traditionally, when osteochondrosis occurs, such treatment methods as:
- Special gymnastics;
- Manual therapy;
- Methods of Oriental Medicine
All of the above is aimed at restoring the spine and opposing the consequences of osteochondrosis. But such procedures can simply be impracticable. This is due to the severe pain experienced by the patient. It is for this and need nyxes for cervical osteochondrosis.
With cervical osteochondrosis, several types of pain are possible depending on their origin:
The most attention should be paid to the latter, since this is the most common and dangerous variety. In inflammatory processes, pain is easier to treat. So you manage to get rid of it even with just one drug.
Depending on the type of syndrome, a course of treatment is prescribed:
- Accelerated effect. Bypassing the absorption process in the digestive tract, the medicine almost immediately reaches the target organs;
- Characteristic. Individual medications can simply lead to destruction in the digestive tract, as a result, their effectiveness will be worse, especially in comparison with drugs that directly enter the blood;
- Selective. Some injections with cervical osteochondrosis are placed directly in the lesion. This is necessary to improve their effectiveness.
The most effective injections for osteochondrosis are prescribed at the doctor's recommendation. The greatest effect can be achieved with the use of injection equipment.
What injections are prescribed for cervical osteochondrosis
All injections from osteochondrosis are prescribed strictly by the doctor after hospitalization of the patient during the period of exacerbation of the disease. The patient undergoes an intensive course, in which all drugs are administered parenterally.
The main indication for the appointment of osteochondrosis treatment with injections is severe pain, which can not be cured by ointments or tablets.
Between exacerbations can also be prescribed nyxes for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Basically, these are chondroprotectors and vitamin complexes for the improvement of the spine. This helps to minimize the number of exacerbations.
What exactly are the injections prescribed for osteochondrosis, will be considered below.
Muscle relaxants and antispasmodics
These drugs should be combined with other medicines. They are used to remove spasm in muscles and to weaken pinching of nerve endings. With the proper administration of drugs, they give a good result. Among the most effective can be identified such drugs as:
If to speak about these preparations, the dosage will be 25 mg for 10 days.
Such drugs are usually prescribed in cases where anti-inflammatory drugs are powerless. Basically it's analgesics. The most effective painkillers for osteochondrosis:
- Analgin. Although it belongs to the NSAID group, it has almost no anti-inflammatory effect. But quickly copes with the pain. Enter intravenously 2 times a day;
- Tramadol. It is an analgesic that acts directly on the opioid receptors in the head, thereby anesthetizing. The effect manifests itself within 30 minutes and lasts for six hours. The drug can be addictive, but not strong.
Often with osteochondrosis, injections of vitamins A, E and C are prescribed. They are able to reduce the inflammation of the affected tissues and nerve endings, positively affect the microcirculation.
For the most part, vitamin injections from cervical osteochondrosis are released in the form of oily or aqueous solutions. Introduce only intramuscularly. One treatment course lasts a couple of weeks.
Regardless of the degree of osteochondrosis, one of the main pathogenic factors is inflammation. Such drugs are designed to get rid of the symptoms (in particular, from pain). They can not help overcome the disease itself. These include:
Contribute to the protection and restoration of intervertebral discs. The composition of the preparations includes the same substances as in the joint tissue. They quickly cope with pain and inflammation.
Usually these are such drugs as:
They are administered intramuscularly, depending on the doctor's prescription, every day or a couple of times a week. The course duration is several weeks.
Methods of administration of drugs for cervical osteochondrosis
In the process of injection, it is important to follow the rules of antiseptics and asepsis, as the integrity of the skin is violated and there is a risk of infection. There are several types of injections that are put on osteochondrosis, namely:
The intramuscular injection process is as follows:
- It is necessary to treat the skin at the injection site with iodine or alcohol;
- Collect the medicine in a syringe in accordance with the dosage of the specified instructions;
- Insert the needle into the muscle by about two thirds
If you can do everything yourself when injecting into the muscle, then you will need an experienced assistant to make injections in the neck.
Neck type of osteochondrosis is much more dangerous than lumbar or thoracic. All because the blood vessels are jammed and blood circulation in the brain is broken.
Distortion of the structure itself and the deformation of the intervertebral discs can pass into the compression of the nerve roots, and also to the destruction of the vessels responsible for the blood circulation of the brain.
As a result, with a disturbed circulation, a person begins to become stupid and does not even notice it. In addition to the treatment described above, it is important to get rid of the cause of the pathology, for example:
- Lack of activity in daily life;
- Too much weight;
- Violations of metabolic processes;
- Unhealthy diet;
- Constant stress;
- Severe hypothermia;
- Frequent seats without movement.
Properly prescribed treatment with injections for a short time can remove pain, remove inflammation, restore normal blood flow. In severe attacks of the patient, droppers with mixtures of several drugs may be prescribed to the patient.
A source: https://inspina.ru/bolezni/shejnyj-osteohondroz-2/