All expectorants for cough with bronchitis
When ORVI, bronchitis with a damp cough with poorly separated sputum, the use of medicines is recommended, which either dilute sputum - mucolytic drugs, or facilitate its separation - expectorants from cough. These include both herbal remedies and synthetic preparations.
Many of us prefer to restrict the intake of medications not obtained from natural substances, however, it should always be remembered that any a medicinal plant, no matter what positive properties it possessed, as well as synthetic agents have side effects, and has a number contraindications.
Since the composition of all medicinal plants is very complex and saturated, in addition to useful and medicinal herbs, a lot of other, sometimes toxic, harmful substances are included in the herbs and preparations. Moreover, in our days, the majority of the population suffers from various types of allergies, and any drug, even the most expensive, effective and safe, can cause an inadequate body reaction.
Classification of funds that facilitate cough and promote rapid recovery
All means for cough relief are subdivided into antitussives, expectorants and mucolytic agents.
- Antitussives, as well as combination preparations - are indicated for dry, unproductive cough, disturbing sleep and appetite (see. article antitussives with dry cough).
- Expectorants - are indicated with a productive cough, when the sputum is not thick, not viscous.
- Mucolytic agents - are shown with a productive cough, but with a thick, hard to separate, viscous sputum.
Any cough medicine must be prescribed only by your doctor. Antitussive remedies can not be used to treat concomitantly with mucolytic drugs, but there are combination drugs that have a weak antitussive and expectorant effect.
Expectorants - means that stimulate expectoration are also divided into:
- Reflex action - these drugs have an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa, and this in its turn excites the vomiting center, but vomiting does not occur, but the production of mucus in respiratory ways. The peristalsis of the smooth musculature of the bronchi and the activity of the epithelium, which removes phlegm from small to large bronchioles and into the trachea, is also intensified. The result of this irritation is the facilitation of expectoration of mucus and the removal of sputum from the bronchi. In general, these are herbal preparations - thermopsis, Ledum, mother and stepmother, althea, plantain, thyme, etc.
- Direct resorptive action - after digestion of these cough suppressants in the digestive tract, they cause irritation of the bronchial mucosa, thereby increasing the secretion of liquid sputum.
Mucolytic agents are preparations that dilute sputum:
- Mukoliticheskie means, affecting the elasticity and viscosity of bronchial mucus (ATSTS, etc.)
- Mucolytic agents that accelerate the excretion of sputum (bromhexine, ambroxol)
- Mucolytic drugs that reduce the formation of mucus (Libexin Muko, M-cholinoblockers, glucocorticoids).
Expectorants for cough reflex action
The use of infusions from the herb of thermopsis should be treated very carefully. At children at the slightest overdose there can be a vomiting. Moreover, the cytisine (alkaloid) entering into its composition in large doses can cause a short-term stimulation of respiration in children, which then gives way to respiratory depression.
Preparations of Althea
Indication: Chronic and acute diseases of the respiratory system - bronchitis, tracheobronchitis, obstructive bronchitis, emphysema. At which a difficultly separated sputum is formed, increased viscosity.
Pharmacological action: When using expectorants from the herb althea medicinal, the effect is achieved by stimulation of peristalsis of bronchioles, it has an anti-inflammatory effect, dilutes bronchial secret.
Contraindications: increased sensitivity to this drug, gastric and duodenal ulcer. For preparations in syrup, use with caution in diabetes mellitus and fructose intolerance. Children under 3 years, with pregnancy only according to the indications.
Side effects: allergic manifestations, rarely nausea, vomiting
Mukaltin, tablets (20 rubles).
Method of use: Children mukultin as an expectorant for cough take, dissolving 1 a tablet in 1/3 of a glass of water, adults are recommended to 50-100 mg 3/4 p / day before meals, a course of therapy 1-2 weeks.
The roots of the althea(60 rubles) raw materials crushed|
Dosage: Take in the form of infusion, which is prepared as follows - a tablespoon on a glass of cold water, in a water bath is boiled for 15 minutes, cooled, filtered, squeezed, brought to 200 ml. Admission is carried out 3-4 r / day after eating, before taking shake. Children 3-5 years, 1 dessert each. spoon, 6-14 years for 1-2 tablespoons, adults 1/2 cup for 1 reception. The course of treatment is 12-21 days.
Alteika syrup(90 rub) syrup Althea (30-130 rub)|
Application: Inside after meals, children under 12 years old - 4 r / day for 1 hour. spoon, diluted in a quarter of a glass of water, adults for 1 tbsp. l. syrup, diluted in half a glass of water. The course of treatment is up to 2 weeks, according to the indications the duration of therapy can be continued.
Preparations of thermopsis
Thermopsolpills for cough (30-50 rub)
The herb of thermopsis has a pronounced expectorant property, this herbal preparation contains many alkaloids (cytisine, thermopsin, methyl cytisine, anagirine, pachycarpine, thermopsidin), which exert a stimulating effect on the respiratory center, and at high doses on the vomiting Centre. Sodium bicarbonate, which is a part of the tablets Termopsol also reduces the viscosity of phlegm, stimulating the secretion of bronchial glands.
Kodelak Broncho(120-170 rubles)without codeinethe composition includes (thermopsis extract, ambroxol, sodium hydrogen carbonate and glycyrrhizinate)|
Kodelak Broncho with thyme100 ml. elixir (150 rub)without codeine,in the composition (thyme extract, ambroxol, sodium glycyrrhizinate) These are combined expectorants that have expressed and mucolytic, and expectorant action, in addition have a moderate anti-inflammatory activity. Included in Ambroxol reduces the viscosity of phlegm, and Sodium glycyrrhizinate has antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties.
Indications: Kodelak Broncho is used for difficulty in sputum discharge during pneumonia, COPD, bronchitis acute and chronic, with bronchoectatic disease.
Contraindications: Pregnancy, children under 12 years, during lactation, with increased sensitivity to components of Kodelak Broncho. With caution in bronchial asthma, ulcerative gastrointestinal diseases, people with hepatic and renal insufficiency.
Dosage: When eating 1 table. 3 r / day, can not be used for more than 4-5 days.
Side effects: Headache, weakness, dry mouth, diarrhea, constipation, with high doses and prolonged reception - nausea, vomiting. Dryness of the mucosa of the respiratory tract, allergic reactions, dysuria, exanthema.
Thoracal Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4The composition of which includes medicinal herbs:
More details about these collections of medicinal herbs from coughing can be read in our article - Breastfeeding, "from coughing - instructions for use.
Expectorant collection- Ledum, chamomile, elecampane rhizomes, mother and stepmother, calendula, peppermint, licorice, plantain.|
Application: infusion take 4 r / day before meals in 1/4 cup or 50 ml, course 10-14 days. Infusion is prepared as follows - 1 tbsp. l. collection boil in a water bath for 15 minutes in 200 ml of water, then cool, bring to 200 ml.
Side effect: Diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, allergic manifestations.
Bronchophyte(elixir, manufacturer of Ukraine) composition: Ledum, plantain, anise, violet, licorice, sage, thyme.
Leaf of plantain, mother and stepmother, ledum and other vegetable preparations
Leaf of plantain(30 rubles pack)
Plantain contains many useful biologically active substances, mucus, vitamins, essential oil, oleic acid, bitter and tannins, resins, saponins, sterols, emulsions, alkaloids, chlorophyll, mannitol, sorbitol, phytoncides, flavonoids, macro- and microelements. It has bacteriostatic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, expectorant, mild laxative effect. It also has a mucolytic effect, restoring the work of the ciliated epithelium.
Herbion with plantain(180-230 rubles) For more details on the use of Herbion in dry cough and Herbionum with a damp cough, read in our article.
Grasshopper herb grass(35 rubles)is part of the expectorant collection, Breastfeeding No 4 and Bronchophyta. Herbal means of expectorant action, essential oil components have a locally irritating effect on mucous membranes bronchi, ledum has both antimicrobial and moderate anti-inflammatory effect, has an exciting effect on myometrium and CNS.|
Dosage: Infusion of 3 r / day for 1/2 cup, for infusion it takes 2 tablespoons of herbs per 200 ml of boiling water.
Side effects: Increased bronchospasm, increased irritability, excitability, dizziness.
Mother and stepmother(40 rub)|
Application: due to the biologically active substances included in the composition it has antimicrobial, expectorant, diaphoretic, choleretic, wound-healing and antispasmodic properties.
Dosage: every 3 hours for 15 ml infusion or 2-3 tablespoons 3 r / day for an hour before meals. Prepare the infusion as follows - 2 tbsp. Spoons are filled with a glass of water and for 15 minutes. boil in a water bath, then cool, filter, volume is adjusted to 200 ml.
Plantain syrup and mother and stepmothers(200 rubles)|
Contraindications: children under 6 years of age, pregnancy, lactation, peptic ulcer.
Use: the syrup is taken to children 6-10 years old to 15 years old for 2 hours. spoon, adult 1-2 tbsp. spoon 4 r / day course 14-21 day. The change in the duration of therapy is determined by the attending physician.
Side effects: allergic reactions (see. all tablets from allergies)
Stoppussin phyto syrup(130 rubles)composition: plantain, thyme, thyme. This is a phytopreparation with an anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect.|
Contraindicated: during pregnancy and feeding, children under 1 year. Patients with epilepsy (causes), kidney and liver diseases, brain injuries should be taken with caution.
Application: after meals 1-5 years for 1 hour. spoon 3 r / day, 5-10 years for 1-2 hours. l. 10-15 years for 2-3 tsp, adults for 1 tbsp. l. 3-5 r / day. Usually the course of treatment is not more than 1 week, continue therapy is possible according to the indications.
Coldrex bronchus (syrup 110-250 rub)|
Syrup Caldrex bronchus has the smell of anise and licorice, the main substance used is guaifenesin, and also includes dextrose, macrogol, sodium cyclamate and benzoate, tincture of red pepper, star anise seed oil, racemic camphor, levomenthol.
Contraindicated: children under 3 years, with peptic ulcer, hypersensitivity.
Usage: Children from 3-12 years of age are shown an example in a single dose of 5 ml every 3 hours, an adult 10 ml every 3 hours.
Side effects: abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, urticaria, rash.
Thyme (thyme extract)
Thyme grass(40 rub) Thyme essential oil (90 rub)
It is also an expectorant for coughs of plant origin, has analgesic and antimicrobial effect.
These are liquid extracts of thyme, which are mucolytic and expectorant agents for coughing with bronchitis, pneumonia, with diseases with paroxysmal coughing, and with hardly detachable sputum.
After meals, children 6-12 months - on, h. spoons 2 r / day, 2-6 years - 1 hour. l. 2 r / day, 6-12 years - 1 tsp3 r / day, for adults 2 tsp. 3 r / day.Pastilles should be absorbed, children 6-12 years old - 1 paste. 3 r / day, for adults 1-2 pastes. 3 r / day.
Children 1-4 years - on, ch. 3 r / day, 5-12 years - 1 tsp each. 4 r / day, adults for 1 tsp. 6 r / day. Bronchicum should be taken throughout the day at regular intervals.
After meals, children 3-6 years old, ch. Lolki,6-12 years old by 1-2 tsp, over 12 years old on a dessert spoon, adults on a tablespoon 3 r / day, course 10-14 days.
Children 1-5 years old take 2-3 r / day for 10-25 drops, which can be taken in diluted and undiluted form. Children older than 5 years of 20-50 drops, adults 40-60 drops of 4 r / day. Syrup should be taken after meals for children 1-5 years 3p / day for 1 tsp., Over 5 years 1-2 tsp, for adults 2-3 tsp. 4 r / day.
Gelomirtol (170-250 rub)
It is an expectorant for coughing with chronic and acute bronchitis, of plant origin.
Expectorants for cough of direct resorptive action
Such active ingredients as ammonium chloride, sodium hydrogen carbonate, potassium and sodium iodides increase secretion liquid sputum, the same effect is possessed by essential oils of fruits of anise, medicinal herbs - rosemary, oregano and etc.
Composition:ammonium chloride, sodium benzoate, potassium bromide, licorice root extract and herbs of thermopsis.
Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation, children under 3 years, peptic ulcer, hypersensitivity.
Application: After meals, children 3-6 years old - 1 / 2hl. 3 r / day, 6-12 years - 1 teaspoon, 12-18 years - 1 dessert each. spoon, adults for 1 tbsp. l 3 r / day, the course of treatment 10-14 days.
Mucolytic agents for coughing with bronchitis
Mucolytic agents help to dilute viscous sputum, improving the process of its removal, eliminating the nutrient medium for pathogenic microorganisms.
Mucolytic agent, reduces the severity of the inflammatory process, reduces the frequency of exacerbations in chronic bronchitis. It is indicated for laryngitis (treatment in a child), otitis media, obstructive, acute bronchitis, pneumonia.
Application: Duration of therapy for acute catarrhal diseases should not exceed 7 days, with chronic bronchitis a longer reception is possible. Preparations of acetylcysteine is better taken after eating, it should be borne in mind that always additional fluid intakeincreases the expectorant effect.
Children 2-5 years of 100 mg 2-3 r / day, from 6-14 years 3 r / day for 100 mg, an adult at 200 mg 3 r / day or 600 mg once a day.
Side effects: tinnitus, headache, stomatitis, vomiting, heartburn, tachycardia, lowering of blood pressure, bronchospasm, development of pulmonary hemorrhage, urticaria, skin rash.
Mucolytic agent, has expectorant and weak antitussive effect. The effect occurs within 2-5 days after the initiation of therapy.
Side effects: vomiting, nausea, allergic reactions, headache, dizziness.
Combined preparations Dzhoset, Ascoril, KashnolThey are used only for strict indications.
On the appointment of a doctor with obstructive syndrome.
Ingredients: Bromhexine, Guaifenesin, Salbutamol.
analogs- Lazolvan (Table. syrup, bottles 200-360), Ambrobe (tab. ampoules, capsules, syrup 120-200 rub), Ambrohexal (tab. syrup 70-100 rubles), Ambroxol (Table. syrup 20-40 rubles), Ambrosan (tab. 100 rubles), Flavamed (tab. the flask. 150-200 rubles), Haliksol (tab. 100 rubles).
This mucolytic, expectorant drug, Lazolvan - is today considered one of the most effective mucolytic drugs.
Contraindicated: in 1 trim-re pregnancy, in 2 and 3 trim-re with caution, patients with chronic diseases of the liver and kidneys.
Application: Take the tablets after meals for 30 mg. 3 r / day for adults. Children are shown reception in the form of a syrup up to 2 years, ch. 2 r / day, 2-6 years -, ch. 3 r / day, 6-12 yearsfor 1 tsp. 3 r / day, adults for 2 tsp. 3 r / day, the course of therapy is usually no more than 5 days. The syrup should be taken with a large amount of liquid during meals.
Side effects: heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea, allergic reactions, skin rash.
expectorant mucolytic agent, increases the viscosity of sputum, improves the elasticity of bronchial secretions.
Application: 15 ml or 1 measuring cup 3 r / day, separately from food intake. The course of treatment can not be conducted for more than 8 days
Side effects: gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, urticaria, skin itching, weakness, dizziness.
Expectorants for cough for adults, for childrenCoughing can disturb adults, children. In modern pharmacology there is a large number of expectorants, with which you can get rid of different types of cough and withdraw phlegm. Each of the drugs has its effect on the body, if you do not control the reception, you may have problems with breathing, central nervous system, heart. Therefore, before consuming expectorant drugs, you should always consult a doctor.
Stimulation of expectoration with medication
This group acts on the epithelium of the respiratory organs, improves the motor activity of bronchioles. So the sputum can move from the lower part of the airway up, then it is withdrawn. With the help of expectorants, you can increase the excretory function of bronchial glands, so sputum will be released in large quantities, while it will not be viscous.
This group of drugs is prescribed for a damp cough, if you need to quickly withdraw phlegm in acute bronchitis, pneumonia, inflammatory process in the respiratory organs. The main components of expectorants are medicinal plants. Pharmacology offers different dosage forms - tablets, syrups, preparations on the basis of which broths and infusions are prepared, suspensions are especially popular.
Among adults and children, such expectorants are popular:
1. Medicine for cough, Tablets for cough, these products include a plant - thermopsys lanceolate.
2. Altemix, Alteika, Syrup from the root of the althea, this means includes the root of the althaea. Also, it is included in such a well-known drug as Mucaltin, you need to be very careful with it, often an overdose can cause nausea and severe vomiting. Especially dangerous is to give in large numbers to his children. The root of the marshmallow is included in various herbal breasts, perfectly combined with sage, licorice, pine buds, fruits of anise. To prepare the infusion, it is necessary to brew a tablespoon of herbs in a glass of boiling water, to insist for 30 minutes. Eat 100 ml after eating.
3. One of the best plant components is the licorice root. It is available in the form of powder, syrup or solution - "Thoracic Elixir", it also includes anise oil, ammonia. Licorice can be found in the breast collection, except for it in its composition, the mother-and-stepmother, plantain.
4. As an expectorant is recommended to use anise in the form of drops, oils. Anis enters the breastfeed to prepare an infusion from him, you need to brew a tablespoon of a vegetable in a glass of boiling water. Drink three times a day for 100 ml. The best expectorant is "Bronchicum", it is sold in the form of tea, in its composition contains fruits and butter.
5. Plantain is included in many expectorants, most often it is credited as a syrup Dr. Thyss, Herbion. To make this, you need to make a tablespoon of the plant in 200 ml of boiling water, insist 30 minutes.
6. The composition of many expectorants includes ivy, thyme. You can buy in a pharmacy in a packetized form, also in the form of drops Bronchiptret - drink three times a day 50 drops per adult. It is a part of syrup Prospan, Pertussin, Gedelix, Bronchostop.
7. The granules of Tussin, Gwaifenesin contain waste, cyanosis, elecampane, and oregano. Drink three times a day for an adult not more than 200 mg.
8. Combined effective expectorant is Dr. Mom, it includes aloe, ginger, elecampane, licorice, basil, turmeric. It can be drunk in the form of syrup, tablets, lozenges.
9. Syrup Pectoral in its composition has plantain, Senegu, thyme. The same plant components are included in the Stopptissin syrup.
10. Eucabal from cough has proved to be well, it includes oil of needles, eucalyptus, also thyme, plantain.
11. Adults recommend to use for expectoration Pectolvan, it has a rich composition, it contains soap, thyme, hyssop, root elecampane, cetrarium.
Preparations for liquefying sputum for adults and children
With the help of these drugs you can get rid of dry cough, they are often combined with expectorants. The main components that make up mucolytics are:
1. Acetylcysteine with the help of it can quickly dilute and bring out sputum, is the best stimulant for expectoration, stops the inflammatory process. It is a part of such mucolytic agents as ATSTS, Atsistein, Kofatsin, Fluimitsil.
2. Carbocysteine has the same effect as the previous component. He comes in such preparations as Fljuditik, Mukosol - they are all in the form of syrup, you can use it for children.
3. Bromhexine - stimulates the lungs. The drug is administered orally in the form of a syrup or tablets. Especially effective are drops, in addition to the main drug component, they contain anise, fennel.
4. Ambroxol has the same effect as the previous component, except that it dilutes sputum, fixes the work of the bronchi. It is part of Lazolvan, Flavameda, Ambrobene.
It is recommended to use syrup, teas, Milistan drops. An effective remedy is Bronchosan, besides the main component of bromhexine, the preparation contains anise, fennel, menthol, peppermint, eucalyptus.
Often, doctors prescribe drugs that depress cough, with the help of which they can withdraw phlegm, advise them to take with laryngitis, chronic inflammatory processes in the respiratory system. With oncology, analgesics are prescribed that depress the respiratory center.
So, expectorants can help cough. Independently you can not use these drugs, especially for children, they have a large number of side effects. Before use, you should carefully read all contraindications. Some drugs can cause a serious allergic reaction, so you need to take into account individual tolerance to different components.
Mucolytic means. Expectorants, thinning medications
As a rule, the disease overtakes when a person is absolutely not ready to meet with her. The most common in modern society are viral infections, as well as diseases associated with the defeat of the respiratory system. Cough accompanying such diseases can be dry and wet, but in any case it is necessary to help the body, removing the mucus from the bronchi. Doctors in the complex therapy of respiratory diseases appoint mucolytic agents that promote the liquefaction of sputum, or expectorant, helping to remove it.
Filling agents for phlegm
In the case of a disease accompanied by a dry, debilitating cough, it is important to clear the bronchi from the accumulated mucus. The organism tries to do this with the help of a cough, however, if the sputum is too thick, then taking it out is not so easy. Doctors, after listening to the patient's complaints about a dry, "barking" cough, usually appoint mucolytic drugs that help liquefy sputum. Mucolytics specialists are divided into two groups: direct and indirect action. Both of them stimulate the work of the bronchial glands due to the reflex irritation of the mucous membrane and, ultimately, contribute to the dilution of sputum. The doctor decides the question of the agent of what action to assign to the patient, having studied the nature of the disease and the picture of the course of the pathological process. That is why self-medication is not recommended, since the cough medicine that will help one person can be completely useless for another. Mucolytic drugs of direct action include cysteine, acetylcysteine, trypsin. Indirect effects have bromhexine, ambroksol.
The main groups of mucolytics
Experts traditionally subdivide mucolytics into three types:
- helping to reduce the density of mucus
- sputum-promoting sputum
- helping to reduce the amount of mucus.
The drugs of the first group are assigned to those patients whose cough is too dry, not accompanied by sputum. They strengthen the secretory function of the bronchi, dilute the mucus, thereby facilitating its excretion. In the event that sputum is excreted, however, its amount is insignificant, while the mucus that is released is too thick and viscous, a mucolytic remedy for a second type of cough is prescribed. Medications related to the third kind of mucolytics, doctors use to treat cough accompanied by a significant discharge of thick mucus.
Mucolytics of vegetable originI
The use of plants for medicinal purposes came to us from the ancestors of the Slavs. Many herbs and flowers are known as a wonderful and effective remedy for cough and cold, while virtually no undesirable effects. As a rule, pharmacology uses herbal preparations, extracts, dry medicines, which have an anti-inflammatory effect, which help to reduce mucosal edema. Drugs based on thyme affect the upper respiratory tract, reducing inflammation in the throat. Such drugs include "Bronchicum". A cough medicine containing an extract of ivy leaves and an althaea root has a pronounced mucolytic effect and creates conditions for easy excretion of sputum. Means that combine thyme extract and plantain in their composition effectively heal tracheitis and bronchitis, accompanied by a difficult sputum discharge. Such medicines include tablets from cough "Mukaltin" and syrup "Linkas".
Means for children
For the treatment of cough in children, as a rule, use drugs on a plant basis. They are prescribed for diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract in children, more prolonged diseases of the lungs and bronchi. One of such medicines is "Mukaltin". Tablets, the instruction for the use of which permits their use in pediatrics, are actively prescribed as a medicine for the treatment of severe cough in small patients. No less popular means for children is the syrup "Alteika", as well as "Pertussin", "Stoptussin", "Bronhicum". All these preparations are safe to use because of their plant origin. They reduce the density of sputum, improve the excretory function of the bronchi. Mucolytic drugs for children, as a rule, do not represent any harm for the baby, but before applying should always consult a pediatrician, while treatment should be supervised doctors.
Medications for adults
A modern pharmacy network offers a wide range of mucolytic drugs. Some are designed to treat only the adult category of patients, the main contraindication to the use of such drugs is the children's age of up to 12 years. The most common mucolytics for adults are:
- "Herbion" "syrup).
- "Lazolvan" in syrup.
- "Broncholitin" (potion).
- "Prospan" (mixture).
- Syrup of primrose.
- Licorice root syrup.
- "Ambroxol" in tableted form;
- "Bromhexine" (in tablets and potions).
These drugs are the most common antitussive drugs. Some of them are plant-based, others are in turn synthetic. But both are equally effective in diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract.
In pharmacies there is also a fairly wide range of drugs for the treatment of child cough. In the majority it is also mucolytic agents. The list of the most common children's cough suppressants is as follows:
- Gedelix in the drops.
- "Doctor MOM" in syrup.
- "Mukaltin" (tablets).
- Licorice root syrup.
Dry baby cough mixture.
- Syrup "Pertussin".
Given that these preparations contain plant components, one should take into account the absence or presence of an allergic reaction to the components of medicinal products.
Action of expectorants
Expectorants are designed to remove mucus from the bronchi, effectively while cleaning the respiratory tract. As a rule, gradually the sputum is significantly reduced, the cough gradually passes. The first group of expectorants has a pronounced irritant effect on the gastrointestinal tract, stimulating the vomiting reflex. But before vomiting it does not reach, mucus production in the respiratory ways simply increases, so the bronchi are cleared and gradually healed. The second group of expectorant drugs acts directly on bronchial mucosa, thereby stimulating their secretion. The effect of such expectorants is somewhat similar to that produced by mucolytic agents.
Expectorants for coughing
Expectorants in the modern pharmacy range are presented in the form of herbal preparations and synthetic medicines. The decision on the appointment of a drug is taken by a doctor, taking into account the presence or absence of cough accompanied by the release of viscous and hard-to-recover sputum. the most popular among patients are the "Lazolvan", "Prospan", "ACC 200", "ACC Long", "Sinekod", "Bronchostop", "Ambroene" and other drugs.
Use of expectorants for the treatment of children
It is quite common to treat cough in children using expectorants. Despite the availability of a group of these drugs in the pharmacy network and their free over-the-counter implementation, doctors warn parents that self-medication with such drugs is dangerous for babies. In search of what can be defined as a good expectorant, parents should contact the pediatrician. The doctor will be able to correctly determine the nature of the course of the pathological process in the child and choose the optimal treatment. Some expectorants for children can have a double action: mucolytic and expectorant (for example, "Mukaltin"). Tablets, the instruction for the use of which stipulates its diluting sputum properties, also contribute to its removal from the bronchi. In the event that the baby has a cough wet, liquid sputum under the action of mucaltin will, liquefying even more, accumulate intensively, closing the lumen of the bronchi from the inside. The child is threatened with bronchial obstruction, and the wrong treatment will be the fault.
Expectorants for children
Many expectorants have a herb of thermopsis in their composition. These are such medicines as "Termopsol" tableted form, "Tablets from cough", "Kodelak Broncho" in the form of tablets and in syrup. The use of these drugs for the comprehensive treatment of diseases in children should be approached with caution, since even with a slight overdose, a baby may experience vomiting. Moreover, the components of these drugs stimulate the respiratory function, followed by oppression. Therefore, parents should use such expectorants strictly according to the doctor's prescription, while respecting the dosage prescribed by the doctor. It should be noted that the drug "Kodelak" belongs to the group "Expectorants and mucolytic agents" therefore the question of the use of this drug for the treatment of children is decided without fail specialist.
Herbal Remedies for Toddlers
Effective drugs for cough treatment in children are also based on althea. Most parents respond positively to the treatment of coughing in their babies with expectorants such as "Mukaltin", "Alteika" syrup. These drugs belong to the group of plant, and therefore are considered to some extent safe. However, you should know that side effects when using these medicines also take place, there are also contraindications that must be taken into account. First of all, it is an allergic reaction to the components of the drug, the presence in the anamnesis of the baby of other somatic disorders, for example, the gastrointestinal tract. The question of the appropriateness of the use of herbal preparations for the treatment of children is also decided by a graduate doctor.
Cough treatment in adult patients
Most people believe that a good expectorant in treating a cough is an expensive and highly advertised medicine. Often such an opinion turns out to be erroneous, since the drug that helps to eliminate a specific pathological condition will be effective. The cost of a medicine does not depend on its effectiveness and effectiveness, but is formed from the policy of the pharmaceutical company and the manufacturer. Cough, in which there is no sputum, is considered dry. Most often, doctors recommend drugs that suppress cough: "Sinekod", "Codeine", "Kofeks."If the sputum is poorly sputumed, absolutely different preparations will be effective - not suppressing cough, but facilitating liquefaction of phlegm. The most popular are "Gedelix", "Lazolvan", "Prospan". Wet cough, as a rule, is accompanied by a plentiful accumulation of mucus in the respiratory tract, therefore doctors recommend expectorants that do not have a pronounced mucolytic property: Ambroxol, Bromhexine, "Erespal". Correctly selected medication is a pledge of a quick and full recovery, therefore doctors do not recommend self-medication to children or adults.
Treatment of cough in the smallest
Coughing toddlers, as a rule, delivers many unpleasant minutes to parents and the child. Children of up to a year are banned from many groups of mucolytic drugs, since the harm from their use by infants significantly exceeds the benefit. Pediatricians claim that expectorant thinners for babies are selected with extreme caution, since uncontrolled self-medication can lead to severe complications in the airways. Of the children permitted to expectorants for a year, one can distinguish "Gedelix", licorice root syrup, "Pertussin". From the age of six months, babies can also be treated with dry cough syrup. In severe forms of pulmonary disease in children, "Lazolvan", "Bromhexin" syrup, and "Ambrobene" are effective agents.
Rules for the Determination of an Effective Drug for Children
Select a drug for cough treatment in the baby should only a specialist pediatrician, otherwise there is a big risk of harming the health of the child. Many mucolytic drugs are allowed only after two years, so parents need to take a responsible approach to treatment, strictly follow the recommendations of children's doctors. Before you start choosing and purchasing a medicine for your baby, you need to show the child to the doctor and listen to his recommendations.
Antitussive, expectorant for dry cough
Coughing is a protective, reflex reaction of the body, which removes the pathological altered bronchial secretion from the respiratory tract. Sometimes it occurs when there are foreign substances in the trachea or bronchi.
Coughing is not a disease, it is a symptom, therefore it should be treated as a manifestation of the underlying disease. The choice of medications that affect cough, depends on the individual characteristics of the person, the type and clinical manifestations of the disease.
The effectiveness of the basic treatment of any disease accompanied by a cough, significantly increases with the rational use of antitussive, mucolytic and expectorants. We will consider the causes of dry cough and drugs used to soften it and transfer it into productive, into humid.
What is the best medicine for dry cough?
The choice of medication depends primarily on the nature of the cough and must be agreed with the physician:
- Cough is dry, painful, painful, unproductive, frequent, leading to a loss of appetite and sleep, choice -antitussives or combination drugs.
- A productive cough, but with a hard to separate, thick, viscous sputum, a choice -mucolytic drugs.
- The cough is productive, with phlegm, and it is not viscous, and not thick - the choice of expectorating cough medicines.
- Mucolytic agents can not be used simultaneously with antitussive drugs.
Dry cough - causes:
Most often, dry cough occurs at the onset of a cold, flu, acute bronchitis, pneumonia, as well as inhaling various substances that irritate the mucous membrane. In the case of a severe attack of dry cough, inspiration is accompanied by a wheezing noise between coughing jerks. This is due to the narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi, larynx or trachea and leads to shortness of breath. Before the attack of dry cough can feel pain with a deep breath.
Causes of dry cough:Read also on the topic:
- Dry cough without fever in adults-causes
- Barking cough in a child - treatment
- Chest Cough - Instruction
- Treatment of dry cough in children and adults
- Why dry cough does not go away, causes of dry cough
- Herbion from dry and wet cough - instruction
- Sinecode - instructions for use
- Causes of dry cough without fever
- Inhalation with bronchitis and laryngitis
- Allergic cough - symptoms
- Antibiotics for bronchitis
- Laryngitis in a child - treatment
- Viral, infectious diseases - ARVI, influenza, parainfluenza, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.
- Allergy-allergic rhinitis, allergy to dust, chemicals, may be the initial sign of asthma.
- Bronchospasm - spasm in the bronchial tubes
- Medicines that reduce high blood pressure - enalapril maleate, caproptil, lisinopril.
- Reflex response to smoke, cold air, sharp odor
Strong dry cough - what to treat?
The better to cure a dry cough? The use of antitussives is considered advisable only at conditions when the cough is strong and often dry (exhausting) and only as prescribed by the doctor.
If the cough is dry, unproductive, it should first be transferred to the moist one, and then use mucolytic or expectorant drugs. And also with an unproductive cough, combined drugs that have both antitussive and expectorant effect are effective:
Sinekod - instructions for use
Dosage Form: Tablets for children in syrup and in drops for oral administration.
Pharmacological action: Sinekod - antitussive drug, has a direct effect on the cough center. Has an expectorant property, has a moderate anti-inflammatory, bronchodilating effect, improves spirometry. It is indicated for acute dry cough of various origin.
Contraindications: Do not use in pregnant and lactating women. Children under 2 months are contraindicated, children under 3 years can not use syrup, only drops, tablets are contraindicated for children under 12 years.
Side effects: Nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, allergic reactions.
Price: syrup 220 rubles, a drop of 320 rubles. AnalogOmnitussyrup 150 rubles, tab. 190 rubles.
Herbion - plantain syrup
Dosage form: syrup
Pharmacological action: Herbion - a combined medicine of plant origin, has antitussive, expectorant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effect. In the composition extracts of flowers mallow and grass plantain lanceolate. The drug softens and relieves dry cough.
Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to herbal preparations, intolerance to fructose. Take precautions with diabetes.
Side effects: Allergic reactions.
Price: the average price for pharmacies is 220 rubles.
Dosage form: elixir, syrup
Pharmacological properties: Kodelak Phyto-combined antitussive. Contains codeine and extracts of thermopsis, thyme and licorice. Has an expectorant effect.
Contraindications: bronchial asthma, children under 2years old, pregnant and lactating women, with respiratory failure and hypersensitivity to plant components preparation.
Side effects: allergic reactions, nausea, vomiting, headache, drowsiness, constipation. With prolonged use, drug dependence develops to codeine.
Price: 130-140 rub.
Dosage form: tablets, drops for internal administration
Pharmacological action: Stopoutsin - combined antitussive and secretolitic action. The composition includes butamirate citrate, which has a local anesthetic, bronchodilator and antitussive action, and Guaifenesin reduces the viscosity of sputum, improving its departure. Effective with dry cough in children and adults.
Contraindications: Children under 1 year of age and pregnancy during 1 trimester should not be used.
Side effects: Allergic reactions, rarely - vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache.
Price: drops 70-80 rubles., Tablets 130-140 rubles.
Dosage form: syrup, elixir, lozenges
Pharmacological action: Combined drug with anti-inflammatory, expectorant, bronchodilator effect. The syrup and tablets contain the extract of thyme herb, and the elixir also contains the root extract of the primrose. Bronchicum is universal, it is an effective expectorant for dry cough and damp. At the stage of the disease, when a dry cough Bronchicum helps to cope with severe attacks, transferring a dry cough to wet. Then, with a damp cough, he facilitates expectoration of the sputum, contributing to its excretion from the lungs.
Contraindications: Syrup is contraindicated for children under 6 months, and children under 6 years of age should not take troches, patients with significant violations of liver and kidney function, with individual intolerance, during pregnancy and feeding the chest.
Side effects: irritation of the gastric mucosa, allergic reactions.
Price: 270 rubles.
Dosage form: syrup
Pharmacological action: Broncholitin is a combined preparation of antitussive, bronchodilating and bronchoseptic action. The composition includes Glaucina hydrobromide, which has a depressing effect on the cough center, a mild anti-inflammatory, analgesic effect. Basil oil has a minor sedative, antimicrobial, antispasmodic property. Ephedrine stimulates breathing, dilates the bronchi, has a vasoconstrictive effect, thereby eliminating the edema of the bronchial mucosa.
Contraindications: heart failure, children under 3 years of age, pregnant and lactating women should not be used.
Side effects: tachycardia, tremor, insomnia, drowsiness, visual impairment, nausea, vomiting, difficulty urinating, rash, increased sweating.
Price: 60 rubles.
Dosage form: tablets
Pharmacological action: Libexin is an antitussive remedy of peripheral action. It has a local anesthetic, bronchodilator effect, its antitussive effect is approximately comparable to codeine. Unlike codeine, Libexin does not cause dependence, does not affect the central nervous system. With chronic bronchitis has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Contraindications: diseases, with the release of abundant bronchial secretion, with caution used in childhood, in pregnancy is not recommended.
Side effects: dry mouth, temporary numbness in the oral mucosa, mild sedative effect, skin rash.
Price: 260-280 rub.
When the cough is not so dry, you can use this herbal preparation.
Dosage form: Brown syrup, the composition includes extracts of 10 medicinal plants - flowers of althaea, onmsma, hyssop, violet, alpinia, fruits of pepper, licorice root, leaves adhatodes and others.
Pharmacological action: Linkas - a combined preparation of plant origin, reduces intensity of cough, increases its productivity, has mucolytic, expectorant, and anti-inflammatory effect.
Contraindications: Children under 6 months of use is not recommended, with hypersensitivity to herbal remedies, use with caution in diabetes mellitus.
Side effects: allergic reactions.
Price: 130-140 rub.
To prescribe and determine the duration of administration of the listed medicinal, expectorant drugs with a dry cough should be the attending physician. There are cases when, with a painful, debilitating, non-productive cough, medications do not help, and simple methods of traditional medicine, such as mustard, cans, steam inhalations, warming ointments and creams bring significant relief and quickly transfer dry cough to wet.
Prompt good cough medicine expectorant
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syrup of licorice root
Syrup of dog rose, licorice root, etc. all sorts of such syrups))
pills for cough, mukoltin ..
Coughing is a reflex action, an attempt to clear the respiratory tract from mucus or foreign objects that irritate them. The following description refers to a cough that occurs for no apparent reason, but not to a cough caused by asthma, influenza, laryngitis, etc.
More or less frequent coughing for no apparent reason can occur in a person who is easily irritated. Such a person has too developed an internal critic. He should be more tolerant, especially towards himself. Even if the cause of irritation is some external situation or another person, the internal critic still falls on him. If sneezing is associated with what is happening in the outer world, then coughing - with what is happening inside a person.
Every time you have a cough for no apparent reason, try to stop and analyze what's going on in your head. Your thoughts change automatically and so quickly that you do not even have time to notice how you criticize yourself every now and then. This criticism prevents you from living a full life, the way you want. YOU ARE NOT SUCH AS YOU DESERVE. YOU ARE MUCH BETTER. Having realized the internal irritation, become more tolerant towards yourself. Treat yourself the way you would like others to be treated.
Spiritual causes and elimination
In order to understand the spiritual causes that interfere with the satisfaction of the important need of your sincere Self, ask yourself the questions contained in the material monadotherapy. Answers to these questions will allow you, not only to more accurately determine the true cause of your physical problem, but also to eliminate it.