- The role of products in supporting useful intestinal microflora
- What causes dysbacteriosis?
- How to restore balance with the help of food?
- What is prohibited?
- What you can eat with dysbiosis?
- Than to feed the child with a dysbacteriosis?
- Related Videos
Dysbacteriosis in the intestine arises in response to a drop in immunity, transferred stress, intoxication of the body with external or internal toxic substances. This syndrome complicates chronic inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines, accompanies irrational diets.
The most common signs appear after an acute infectious disease and treatment with antibiotics. Diet for intestinal dysbiosis in adults is the first available remedy for self-correction of the situation.
At an easy degree it is recommended to observe 2 weeks, if results will not be, means, medicines are necessary, and it is necessary to address to the doctor. In children, any digestive disorder quickly causes pathological changes, therefore, it is physician who can diagnose dysbacteriosis and timely treat it correctly. The pediatrician will appoint both a diet, and therapy.
The role of products in supporting useful intestinal microflora
The intestinal microflora includes more than 400 microorganisms. They constantly live in the mucous membrane. By their enzymes help in the digestion and digestion of various components of food, cleanse the intestines, provide local immunity, synthesize vitamins.
In a newborn baby, the intestine is sterile, but after a few hours, the microorganisms enter the digestive tract. With sufficient breastfeeding, intestinal flora is considered to be formed after 10 days. After a year, it does not differ in composition from adults. The composition of microflora in the elderly has its own characteristics and depends on the season.
Under normal conditions, the structure of the flora is 99% bifidobacteria (95% in an adult) and lactobacillus (in infants predominate), and the remaining 1% is for other (E. coli, enterococci, peptostreptococcus, saprophytic staphylococci, clostridia, Candida fungi). This balance also ensures the correct distribution of functions, the work of the intestine.
Between themselves, microorganisms build relationships of "mutual assistance"
Dysbiosis or dysbacteriosis occurs when the ratio is violated, aggressive reproduction of one of the species. Immediately there is a failure of digestion, which leads to more severe consequences. Nutrition for dysbacteriosis is based on the use of a useful composition of products that affect the microflora.
There are three types of substances that can restore and maintain a normal bacterial ratio:
- probiotics - have live strains of bacteria (inulin - in bananas, raisins, potatoes, cereals);
- prebiotics - do not contain microorganisms, but include the necessary nutrients for the life of intestinal flora (lactose and lactulose in dairy products, fruit sucrose in vegetables and fruits);
- synbiotics - differ in the content of both probiotics and prebiotics, actively promote the reproduction of bacteria.
The composition of the human diet also affects the balance of bacteria. For example, feeding predominantly carbohydrate food stimulates the multiplication of microorganisms in the large intestine, and proteins do not act on the microflora. To calculate the right menu for dysbiosis, it is necessary to identify the most likely causes of violations.
What causes dysbacteriosis?
Both in an adult and in a child, the balance of bacteria can change temporarily under the influence of a changed ecological situation, water quality (moving to another locality), power failure, as a reaction to excitement, stress. Changes are unstable, there is a tendency to diarrhea, rare cramping pains in the abdomen, increased gas formation.
Symptomatic of dysbiosis disturbs the ability of even the most patient people
Symptoms in an infant need to be checked, what feeds the nursing mother. During lactation, she should not eat spicy foods, alcohol, beans, fatty foods. When the medicine is taken by the nursing mother, the bacteria in the intestine of the baby are injured.
Dysbacteriosis in adults causes frequent enemas, "hungry" irrational diet for weight loss. After eliminating the cause of dysbacteriosis, digestion comes back to normal, no treatment is required. Imbalance of bacteria is well compensated by diet. Worse is the situation associated with the negative effect of drugs, radiation therapy. There is a danger of fungal bowel (kandidomikoza).
These drugs the doctor usually appoints a course for a week with justified necessity, if the disease is caused by a bacterial pathogen. Antibiotics do not act on viruses, so they are not used to treat ARVI and influenza. If the tracheobronchitis or pneumonia is associated with influenza, you must resort to the action of these drugs.
It is important that sometimes the antibiotic needs to be replaced with a more effective one, which is accompanied by an extended duration of therapy. The drug when ingested into the human body affects not only pathogenic microorganisms (for example, Helicobacter pylori with gastritis), but also on a healthy flora.
How to restore balance with the help of food?
Diet for intestinal dysbacteriosis is based on the prevailing symptoms of digestive disorders. There is no specific table in Pevsner's classification. With dysbiosis in adults, you need to temporarily arrange meals according to the following rules:
- go to the food regime in small portions, but more frequent (5-6 times a day);
- refuse from fried foods, smoked products, use in cooking only cooking, steaming, quenching;
- Do not use "hungry" or "cleansing" diets, eliminate long breaks between meals;
- to eat only warmed up warm dishes, it is forbidden too hot and cold (ice cream);
- you need to eat dishes made from approved foods, taking into account the composition and irritating effect on the intestines.
The bowel load of carbohydrate and fatty foods will cause an additional digestive failure
What is prohibited?
It is not recommended to include foods that have irritating properties in adults with disbacteriosis of the intestines and require considerable effort in the digestion process.
- fat meat, fish, poultry and products from them (rich broths);
- sharp sausages, sausages;
- seasonings, sauces, mayonnaise, vinegar, mustard;
- fatty sorts of cottage cheese, milk, cream, sour cream;
- fat, margarine, culinary fat;
- bread and baked bread;
- culinary products with cream;
- dishes from mushrooms;
- pickles, pickled vegetables;
- butter is recommended to limit;
- beans (peas, beans, lentils);
- fresh cabbage;
- Rye bread;
- alcoholic beverages, including beer;
- strong tea and coffee;
- any carbonated water, kvass.
What you can eat with dysbiosis?
The menu for dysbacteriosis has to adapt to the specific manifestations and characteristics of the human body. If the most troubling is increased gassing, abdominal pain, diarrhea, then apply:
- porridge (buckwheat, oatmeal, rice), cooked on water or on brewed milk, casseroles with fruit;
- skimmed milk products (kefir, cottage cheese);
- boiled low-fat meat dishes, soups;
- steam cutlets, meatballs, meatballs;
- from fish prepare non-welded soups, seasoned with cereal, steamed or stewed dishes with vegetables;
- vegetable oil;
- steam omelet from eggs;
- fruits are recommended in the form of compote and jelly, fresh is better not to eat;
- Vegetables are used to prepare a saltwort, stewed garnish;
- bread only white varieties, dried.
If the dysbacteriosis is manifested by prolonged constipation, signs of intestinal atony, then in the daily menu include foods rich in fiber:
- bread "Bran", "Dietary", "Multi-grain";
- when cooking porridge add a spoonful of bran;
- salads from fresh vegetables, boiled beets;
- fruit of acid varieties;
- compote of dried apricots, raisins, figs, prunes;
- berries in fresh form.
Than to feed the child with a dysbacteriosis?
Despite the limitations, the child must, with nutrition, obtain a full complement of proteins and vitamins. From the children's menu, fried dishes, pies and cakes, chocolate, sausages and sausages, carbonated drinks are excluded. In the diet regime, the feeding frequency should be provided depending on the age, 6 to 8 times a day.
Night snacks are prohibited. You need products made of sour milk to ensure optimal conditions in the intestines that promote the reproduction of bifidobacteria. Curd products and kefir for babies are better to buy in baby food stores.
The best properties are fermented milk products, manufactured 2-3 days before consumption
The required amount of fiber fiber is provided by stewed apples, pears, grated carrots, buckwheat porridge. Cereals are prepared on diluted milk. The most recommended cereals are rice, oatmeal, buckwheat. Useful jelly from fresh berries, compotes. The menu of the child up to one year is recommended to be divided into 2 periods.
Within 2-3 days to feed the baby:
- vegetable mashed potatoes, which are already habitual in nutrition;
- semi-liquid porridge of oatmeal, rice, buckwheat on diluted milk;
- mucous soups;
- sour-milk children's products without sugar;
- compote or jelly from dried fruits, fresh apples.
You can give a little baked apple. For 3-5 days include soups from low-fat fish, chicken, veal, boiled meat in the form of steam cutlets, meatballs, porridges cook more thickly, curd pudding or unsweetened fat-free cottage cheese, low-fat kefir, fresh fruit juices, diluted with water.
Nutrition of children older than a year, in contrast to adults, should contain more vegetable purees, dairy products with bifidobacteria. Recommended special instant porridges with the addition of probiotics and prebiotics (lactulose, inulin). For children and adults it is very important to strengthen immunity in dysbacteriosis, therefore, along with diet, physical exercises are required, walking in any weather.