What if the child does not get a cough?
Alas, most children get sick and cough from time to time, moreover, they can cough for a long time, so many parents face this problem. And you need to know what to do if the child does not get cough.
There is no single universal method for solving this problem, since cough occurs for various reasons. So, first of all, it is necessary to understand the causes of cough causing to have in the arsenal of methods of its treatment only medically substantiated and effective means.
Why does the child not get a cough?
To get an answer to this question, you need a doctor: only a professional can accurately establish etiology of long-term coughing, that is, diagnose the disease, the symptom of which he is an. From this will depend on the treatment, which can be symptomatic (relief and easing of coughing) or etiological (elimination of the cause of coughing).
From the physiological and medical point of view, cough (in Latin - tussis) is a reflex reaction of the cough center of the brain in response to signals of irritated receptors respiratory tract. And such sensitive nerve endings are present not only in the nasopharynx or bronchial tubes, but also in the diaphragm zone, in the outer shell of the heart (pericardium), in the esophagus and even in the mucous membrane of the stomach.
Among the causes of prolonged cough in children pediatricians include: protracted respiratory infections, chronic tonsillitis and sinusitis, pharyngitis (including atrophic), tracheitis, laryngotracheitis, adenoiditis, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, respiratory mycoplasmosis or chlamydia, the presence of cytomegalovirus, respiratory allergies (allergic pharyngitis and tracheitis, eosinophilic bronchitis and bronchial asthma).
In infants, persistent coughing during feeding can be caused by oropharyngeal or esophageal dysphagia - a violation of the swallowing reflex and the passage of food into the esophagus.
A cough that does not go away for a long time may indicate problems with the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), bronchiectasis, lack of left ventricle of the heart, gastroesophageal reflux, tuberculosis, intestinal dysbiosis or the presence in the child worms. Finally, it is possible that a prolonged dry cough in a child is one of clinical symptoms of papillomatosis or cyst of the larynx, as well as the initial stage of inheritance cystic fibrosis.
Now you obviously have a clear idea of what to do if the child does not have a cough? Quite right, go to a good doctor and examine the baby. Moreover, one must be prepared for the fact that an otolaryngologist, an allergist, a pulmonologist or a gastroenterologist can be brought to the examination.
It should be noted that, according to pediatricians, only one case of long-term coughing in children of ten is not associated with infectious inflammation of the respiratory tract such as ARVI, tonsillitis or bronchitis.
If the child does not get cough: possible treatment options
As can be seen from all of the above, coughing is different - and not only in the sense of its cause. The "quantity and quality" of cough may vary in a wide range of features of the manifestation of this symptom: dry and with phlegm, with wheezing and whistling, leading almost to vomiting and having the appearance of a lung Coughing ...
What if the child does not get cough due to infectious inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract? In such cases, it is necessary to use drugs with mucolytic and enveloping effects, so that dry cough (as doctors say, unproductive) has become wet (productive). For very young children (up to 2, years), this is enough: a sputum coughs out the child and, thereby, the factor annoying the cough receptors will disappear. That is, the cough will pass. Older children, taking into account the often occurring spasm of the bronchi, are prescribed mukokinetic (expectorant) and bronchodilator funds. But with a very strong (before vomiting) debilitating cough, you may need drugs that block the receptors of the Tension zone of the respiratory tract or the cough center.
In case of prolonged dry cough, Ambroxol is recommended in children (other trade names are Ambrobe, Ambrohexal, Lazolvan, Ambrolitic, etc.) or Acetylcysteine (ACTS, Acystein, Acestad).
Dosage of syrup Ambroxol for children under 2 years - on, ml 2 times a day; 2-5 years - on, ml three times a day; after 5 years - 2-3 times a day for 5 ml. Assigned to laryngitis, tracheitis and pneumonia Acetylcysteine is also suitable for cough treatment in cystic fibrosis. The instructions to this drug indicate that it can be used from the age of two, but pediatricians recommend this drug only after 12 years (100-200 mg three times a day). And if the doctor has prescribed a course of antibiotics simultaneously, then Acetylcysteine should be taken two hours after them.
To relieve coughing attacks with viscous, hard-to-cough, phlegm, doctors can recommend combined preparations of Guaifenesin (Tussin) or Ascoril. Guaifenesin can not be used until two years of age. A single dose is, -5 ml (every 4 hours), the maximum daily dose is 20 ml; for children 6-12 years the dosage is doubled. Taking this medicine a child should give more drink. Ascoril is prescribed up to 6 years for 5 ml three times a day, children 6-12 years - 5-10 ml. At use It is necessary to consider, that both these agents raise sputum production, therefore at productive cough they can not be applied.
What should I do if my child does not get cough with phlegm?
To facilitate the excretion of phlegm in wet cough, plant-based products containing the root althea (Altea syrup), licorice root, mother-and-stepmother leaves and plantain, sweet clover, angelica, angelica, thyme (thyme). Of these medicinal plants are prepared decoctions from the calculation: one tablespoon of dry raw materials per 250 ml of water (boil 10 minutes and 20 minutes to insist under the lid). Take them after meals - 50-100 liters twice a day.
Well-known Pertussin (taken on a tea or dessert spoon three times a day) contains an extract thyme, which has antimicrobial properties, and it helps with a dry cough - as an expectorant and softening. Medicinal product of plant origin Bronchipret also contains thyme (essential oil), and still the extract is pinched, due to which it helps to remove a secret accumulating in the bronchi. Drops Bronchitis can be taken from three months (10-15 drops three times a day, after meals). After a year, the dosage is 10 drops plus one drop for each year of life.
Ammonia-anise drops have not lost their effectiveness in facilitating the expectoration of phlegm, which should take children over 12 years - 10-12 drops (previously diluted in a tablespoon of water) 3-4 times in the course of the day.
Do not forget about the inhalation of fermented alkaline mineral water or ordinary baking soda (500 ml of boiling water - a tablespoon), as well as inhalations with infusion of eucalyptus leaves and pine buds (a glass of boiling water - a dining room a spoon).
What if the child does not get a cough, leading him to vomiting and not giving a normal sleep? It is for such situations that the medicines of the mucoregulatory principle of action, which affect the cough center, are intended. For example, syrup from cough Sinekod (Butamirat) is recommended for children: 3-6 years - 5 ml of the drug three times a day, 6-12 years - 10 ml, over 12 years - 15 ml three times a day. For children under 3 years of age, use of syrup is contraindicated. A single dose of Sinecode in drops (4 doses per day): children from 2 months to a year - 10 drops, 1-3 years - 15, and older than 3 years - 25 drops. Newborns up to 2 months of this drug is contraindicated. Receiving Sinecoda can cause side effects (headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, itching of the skin and urticaria).
What if the child does not have a cough of an allergic nature?
A child allergist who identified a specific allergen that causes respiratory allergies in a child, apparently, recommended this allergen (cat, parrots, fish, new woolen carpet, etc.) to remove from apartments. And, of course, I prescribed an antihistamine. It is best if it is a last-generation remedy that does not give excessive drowsiness and does not dry out the mucous membranes (for example, Erius or Cytisin). Preparations of this group are appointed individually - depending on the intensity of manifestation of respiratory allergic symptoms.
Cough of allergic origin is removed with the help of inhaled corticosteroids (Beclomethasone, Beclazon, Budesonide, etc.), the purpose of which is entirely within the competence of the attending physician.
We tried to imagine although part of what to do if the child does not get cough. With the number of possible causes of prolonged cough, parents should not risk the health of children - seek medical help in a timely manner.
What should I do if my child does not get a cough?Cough is a protection for the baby's body, with the help of it you can clear the respiratory tract from foreign bodies, various dusts, viruses, bacteria. In the respiratory organs the epithelium is ciliate, at the expense of mucus it can expel all foreign bodies, the lungs, larynx, nose, bronchi, and trachea are cleared. When a cough does not pass a long time, mucolytics, expectorants, thinner sputum, which should strengthen and calm the cough, you should immediately seek help from a doctor, go through an additional examination.
Coughing in a child can be cured with chemical medications, also herbs and homeopathic medicines are good. Important in the treatment of cough is physiotherapy, it is also recommended to perform a sternum massage, rub the sternum, it is especially important to use these methods for small children who can not fully clear their throat or patients with allergic reaction. If the cough does not go away for a long time, the aforementioned means do not help, you need to be examined to know the disease accurately.
Long cough not passing because of whooping cough
When the wand of pertussis begins to irritate the respiratory tract, it actively affects the nervous system. Cough due to illness can appear after sharp sounds, restless condition, if bright light.
Pertussis is characterized by an unusual cough, in which the patient starts to make a whistle, it has a paroxysmal character, lasts a long time. The child begins to stick out his tongue at attacks, the bridle may break. Note that when a child has a cough due to pertussis, there may be an eye hemorrhage, and it also affects the chest. Pay attention, especially dangerous cough, which does not pass a long time in infants, they can stop breathing
In this situation, prevention and various medications do not help, you just need to take sedatives for the nervous system.
After the child has been cured from whooping cough, coughing continues for a long time, the consequences can be observed from him throughout the year, the symptomatology can be repeated with a cold.
Not passing barking cough in a child
Often this kind of cough is attributed to a false rump, with it there is a symptomatology of tracheitis and laryngitis, when narrowing the upper respiratory organs, in this situation, the disease is dangerous, you need to urgently hospitalize child.
Barking cough lasts a long time due to the fact that the place under the ligaments swells, the child is hard to breathe, the sputum is viscous, the mucous larynx swells. Cough is prolonged due to an allergic reaction, ARVI. With croup of a viral nature, a high temperature first appears, then the cough can be gradual. Because of the allergy, the larynx is very swollen and narrows, it can be removed with the help of hormonal therapy.
In this situation, you urgently need to call a doctor, before you give a mucolytic drug, you also need to drink as much as possible, constantly airing the room. This method works well, the bath includes hot water, then the child gets into the room, there he needs to stay up to 10 minutes.
If the cough does not go away for a long time you can not panic, the child should be completely at peace, because of the nerves the baby can suffer from respiratory failure. The child should be given as warm a drink as possible, also the expectorant medicines prescribed by the doctor, steam inhalations help effectively.
Long-lasting cough with obstructive bronchitis
With this disease, a cough is permanent, may be accompanied by shortness of breath, most often it appears in children prone to allergic reactions, sputum is viscous, the child has a difficult time to clear his throat. In the bronchi appears spasm, because of this viscous sputum, especially hard on exhalation.
In this situation, mucolytic drugs will help, with the help of them it is possible to dilute sputum, only so the cough is moistened. The child should use as much as possible fluids, no less than twice a day, well helps massage - kneading, tapping. It is necessary to put the child on his knees, he must hang down his head, then close his fingers and knock on the chest area, then gently rub. The child should clear his throat. If there is vomiting, do not worry, so sputum can liquefy faster.
Massage is especially good for children who suffer from various allergic reactions, for them, in no case can be used mustard plasters. The child should drink as much as possible.
Prolonged cough with bronchitis and tracheitis
First there is a dry cough of an unproductive nature without sputum. Therefore, first you need to dilute it, use mucolytic drugs, after expectorant. After the sputum appears, you must abandon all medicines, massage the chest, as well as use as much juice, mors, and tea. If the child does not have a fever, you can use rubbing, hot foot baths. So sputum will be easier to move away. Note, when coughing with bronchitis and tracheitis in a child lasts a long time, it is necessary to take an X-ray, hand over everything necessary tests, it is possible that the child has had a bacterial infection to the respiratory organs or a complication has appeared - pneumonia.
So, a cough that does not go away is a serious problem, in this situation you need consult with an otorhinolaryngologist, you may need to do Mantoux, also turn to allergist, pulmonologist. It is important to constantly monitor the temperature of the child's body, also to take all the necessary tests. Often a cough can pass into a chronic disease - bronchitis, laryngitis, if not completely cured in time, the child immediately after a viral infection, cough resumes with renewed vigor. Self-medication can not be done so that the child does not experience complications.
Long does not pass cough in the childChildren's illnesses hardly passed at least one mother, and the most common among them, of course, are influenza and ARI. One of the main symptoms of such diseases is cough. It can be dry and wet, but usually within a week or a year and a half the baby recovers. But sometimes a cough in a child does not last long, and parents do not know what to do in this case. First of all, let us consider the reasons for this.
Why does the child not cough for a long time: the most important factors
To understand how to deal with painful coughing attacks, you should know what they can be caused. Among the reasons for this state, we distinguish the following:
- Wrong atmosphere in the home.The apartment can be too hot or dusty, so it is recommended that you do a wet cleaning every day, moisten the air well, remove such dust bags as carpets or soft toys.
- A crumb does not drink enough,which leads to increased dryness of the throat and, as a consequence, to the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria. That's why a child does not cough for several weeks.
- Someone from your family or neighbors smokes,which also provokes throat irritation.
- In your home are often walking drafts,so that your baby, unable to recover, can catch a cold again.
- At your son or daughtercough of an allergic nature,as a reaction of the body to wool or dust.
If a child has a dry cough that does not last for weeks, it is worth considering how to correct the situation. For this:
- Carefully watch that the humidity of air is 40-60%. A great option is an air humidifier, but if it does not, you can do with wet towels that hang on batteries in the warm season, frequent washing of the floors and installation of a multitude of containers with water for it evaporation.
- Consult a doctor who will write out special medications that turn a dry cough into a wet cough: Stoptusin, Gerbion, Libexin, Sinekod, Bronholitin, and others. If, according to the results of the tests, a bacterial infection has joined, antibiotics are prescribed.
- A good result is steam inhalation with a solution of soda or alkaline mineral water.
Often the child does not pass just a wet cough. But you can also cope with this condition:
- Try to keep the child's warmth (18-20 degrees) and clean. A large role is played by the humidity of the air, which must be high enough to prevent the mucus from thickening in the respiratory system.
- Ask the doctor to prescribe medications that dilute sputum and promote her expectoration: Mukaltin, Ambroxol, Ambrobene, and others.
- Try a folk effective remedy: mix in equal proportions pine buds, licorice, anise, marshmallow, sage, fennel. 8 g of herbal mixture pour, l boiling water and insist an hour and a half. Let's 1 teaspoon 4-5 times a day.
The child does not have a cough or runny nose for a long time, what should I do?
Cough is a reflex process. Thanks to him respiratory ways are restored. Cough can not be called a disease, but it can be quite difficult to get rid of it. Sometimes the causes of its occurrence are detected incorrectly. In this case, mistaken treatment can even do harm and cause great damage to health.
Why the baby coughs for a long time
Does the child have a cough for a long time? It is necessary to observe the periodicity and duration of this phenomenon. When you cough, the airway clears. Sputum and dust are thus excreted from the body. Most often, the cough is short-lived and intermittent. But if it is delayed, then you need to check if there is temperature, pay attention to sleep and appetite. At the first signs of illness (it can be a runny nose, diarrhea, etc.) the child is best to take to the doctor.
What does the cough signal?
It can be a symptom of the disease. When a child does not have a cough for a long time, this may be the beginning of sore throat, SARS, sinusitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis. He also accompanies such diseases as tuberculosis, pneumonia, tracheitis and bronchitis. The intensity depends on the type of malaise.
Is cough always a disease?
This is a misconception. If a child does not have a cough for a long time, this is not always a sign of infection. It can occur due to the reduction of bronchi. The latter occurs with asthma, obstructive bronchitis, due to fluid or swallowed small objects falling into the respiratory tract.
If a child does not have a cough for a long time, it may even be a sign of an allergy. There are many reasons - wool, dust, pollen. In this case, you need to identify and get rid of the allergen.
Reaction with swallowed objects
If the cough caused a foreign body that appeared to be in the airways, then it is very strong, passing into choking. At the same time, the skin becomes blue, the consciousness is disturbed, in some cases the voice immediately disappears. If possible, it is necessary to remove all unnecessary ones from the respiratory tract and be sure to call an ambulance.
If a child does not have a cough for a long time, what should I do? This is not always associated with a cold. Strangely enough, but the reason can be ordinary worms. All larvae of pinworms are usually formed in the lung tissues. As a result, irritation of the respiratory tract. Before entering the gastrointestinal tract, the larvae first enter the mouth, swallow, and so are in the stomach. In this case, the use of anthelmintic drugs is recommended.
What to do in ARVI
When a child does not have a cough and runny nose for a long time, most often it is a consequence of the illness. In ARVI, it is most common. The main symptoms are as follows:
- a few hours or even days the cough does not stop;
- elevated temperature, more than 37 degrees;
- weakness, the child is capricious and restless, can refuse to eat;
- after a while cough from dry turns to wet.
During this period, it is necessary to ensure constant monitoring of the child to track changes. For pharyngitis, there is a tickling in the throat. Laryngitis is characterized by a sour and slightly "barking" cough. With tracheitis, a cough is loud, with a distinct pain in the chest. For bronchitis is peculiar chest and loud, with wheezing and a lot of phlegm. With the flu, it is painful and dry.
Causes of protracted cough
For proper treatment, you need to find out the cause of the symptoms. If a child does not have a cough and runny nose for a long time, then most likely it is a cold that has not been cured, and the infection has got into a still not strengthened organism. The most aggressive is mycoplasma, then pneumocysts. When they are combined, the temperature rises to 38 degrees. There is weakness, sweating.
Cough occurs from fungi or pulmonary chlamydia. But this happens very rarely. The most terrible and serious cause is tuberculosis. Infants can cough from cytomegalovirus.
Disease-free microbacteria without an organism can not exist independently. The external environment for them is fatal. Infection of another person can only pass through direct contact. A prolonged cough in infants (about two weeks) may indicate pneumocystis, chlamydia and mycoplasmosis.
If the child does not have a cough for a long time, what to treat? The above microorganisms can not be destroyed by domestic methods, only with medicinal preparations. Therefore, you need to see a doctor.
How to treat a protracted cough
The child does not have a cough for a long time. What to do in such cases? If the causes of the problem are established, then the treatment will not cause difficulties. Prescribe drugs that suppress cough, with menthol, camphor, etc. Antibiotics help to expectorate sputum, provide a quick recovery of the epithelium.
The remedy "Bromgexin, produced in tablets and ampoules, getting into the body, is converted into ambroxol. On the third day, the effect of its application is noticeable. If cough is caused by bronchitis and asthma, then bronchodilator drugs are prescribed.
Solving the problem with the help of folk remedies
Medicinal products can be taken simultaneously with herbs and decoctions. The most effective are inhalations of decoctions, which contain thyme, mint and pine buds. If the cough is very strong, then well-baked pears and melons are good, as well as currant juice and viburnum, which is drunk by adding honey.
Dry cough without cold and fever is well treated with steam inhalations. Usually, potatoes cooked in a uniform are used. Breathe 15 minutes, bending over the pot and covering the top with a blanket so that the steam does not come out.
To soften the cough used decoctions of apples. Good juice helps fresh cabbage with the addition of sugar or tangerine tincture on alcohol from the crusts of these fruits. Relief and cowberry juice, in which honey or sugar is added, brings relief. It helps to sputum. It is taken during the day for one tablespoon. If a child does not cough for a long time at night, so that he does not pester, before eating you should eat fresh lettuce leaves. If they are not at hand, then you can use cabbage.
If the child does not have a cough and runny nose for a long time, then it is considered effective to rinse the throat with fresh beet juice. A glass of liquid is heated on a water bath. Rinse is done for two minutes, then the liquid is swallowed.
If the child does not have a cough and runny nose for a long time, there is no temperature, this can signal the onset of a serious infectious disease. Often, the above symptoms are accompanied by a sore throat. Therefore, urgently need to see a doctor. Otherwise, such ailments as sinusitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis can develop.
If cough persists after therapy
There are also cases when the disease does not want to retreat. And then what if the child does not have a cough for a long time after the treatment? There are certain dates when it disappears. Usually cough stops within two weeks, but can persist up to a month as a residual phenomenon. In this case, pathogenic microorganisms are excreted from the body. And over time, the cough disappears. But if improvement does not occur, then you should consult a doctor again.
The opinion of the famous pediatrician. If the child does not have a cough for a long time
Komarovsky notes that there are two groups of medicines for cough: expectorants and the drugs used in whooping cough. However, it is worth remembering that mummification is not possible for infants, since they are dangerous before the age of two.
It is believed that this is only an external manifestation of the disease. Cough signals that the body is not all right. Therefore, first of all, we must look for the root cause. Infection can be ruled out if there is no temperature. In this case, it can be an allergy.
What do they do if the child does not have a cough for a long time with phlegm? For relief, you need to drink a lot, so that the blood liquefies, and, accordingly, with it, and mucus. The air in the room should be cool, but slightly moist, and not dry. Walking in the open air is favorable.
Dr. Komarovsky recommends using the following types of drugs:
- antitussive drugs;
- specialized narcotic drugs for cough: "Ethylmorphine" Codeine "Dimemorfan".
These drugs block the cough reflex in the brain. Narcotic drugs are used rarely. They are appointed only by a doctor who controls their reception. The basis for the use of narcotic drugs are the following symptoms: a painful, dry, debilitating cough that can not be cured by other medications. Simultaneous use of expectorant and conventional antitussive drugs is strictly prohibited!
Also, this method involves the use of some non-narcotic drugs, such as Glaucine Butamir Okseladin. They also block the cough reflex, but differ from narcotic drugs in that they do not cause addiction and do not inhibit the functioning of the brain.
Why does not a dry cough go away? Causes of dry cough in children and adults
Coughing is a reflex, just like breathing itself. And his appearance indicates that there was some kind of pathogen - allergic, infectious, viral, that is, the cause of dry cough, serious or not, which causes irritation in the respiratory tract and causes the body to clear them of the - allergen, infection, virus or foreign body.
Cough itself is not a disease, it is a symptom of over 50 different diseases or allergic manifestations, from common cold to tuberculosis, oncology, bronchial asthma or heart disease. Most often, a dry cough lasts for several days, moving into productive, moist with sputum, but can sometimes be prolonged. The duration of dry cough is divided into:
- Acute - which after a few days passes into the wet or passes
- Prolonged - which lasts from 3 weeks to 3 months
- Chronic - which lasts more than 3 months.
Let's see why the dry cough does not last a long time, which diseases are the cause of dry cough.
The main causes of dry cough associated with the respiratory system
The most common causes of dry cough are inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which are caused by viruses and pathogenic bacteria.
In this case, a strong organism with a strong immune system cope on its own, and if the immune response the virus or infection is weakened, then antibiotics or antiviral drugs come in for ARVI and influenza.
When parainfluenza and the flu should always consult a doctor, as these are very insidious diseases, which recently become very aggressive, leading to a mass of complications. How to distinguish the flu from ARVI read in our article.
If during the acute respiratory viral infection, flu or other infectious disease, a dry cough does not last for a long time, it can be caused by:
- firstly because the immune system in a person is significantly weakened
- Secondly, that there are provoking factors that affect the duration of dry cough, they include: smoking and drinking alcohol, very dry air in the room and taking in insufficient amounts of fluids for cold or viral disease.
- thirdly, the attachment of a secondary infection or complication after a viral disease, when bacterial bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, pharyngitis develops, etc.
Diseases of the pleura and lungs can also be accompanied by a dry, painful cough - pneumonia, pleurisy. Most often there is a high fever, shortness of breath, chest pain.
Atypical forms of pneumonia
It should also be borne in mind that a prolonged cough can be a consequence of mycoplasma and chlamydia, these pathogens microorganisms can cause atypical pneumonia, bronchitis, which can occur for a long time, periodically recur. To differentiate the pathogen that caused pneumonia or bronchitis, you can take a blood test using ELISA.
Pertussis, measles, false croup
Pertussis can cause dry cough in children, and in adults. Pertussis is considered to be a childhood infectious disease, although vaccinations have reduced cases of whooping cough among children, but they occur, in addition, weakened adults also sometimes recorded cases of whooping cough. With this disease, a convulsive cough is so severe that it often leads to vomiting. In this case, you should take antitussive remedies for dry cough, such as Sinekod, Libeksin, Bronholitin, and others.
In addition to pertussis, among childhood diseases characterized by a strong dry cough, measles and false groats can be identified. Measles, other than cough, is also characterized by rashes on the skin and mucous membranes (see Fig. symptoms of measles in children). With false croup, the vocal cords, larynx, trachea and bronchi are involved in the inflammation process, so it is characterized by a barking cough. This disease is more likely to affect children under 3 years old.
Tuberculosis is a formidable disease that has also been epidemic in recent years, not only among low-income as it is commonly believed, but also among the wealthy strata of the population, with the development of favorable factors for its progression. Constant nervous tension, stressful situations, lack of adequate nutrition and good rest, fascination various depleting diets, can lead to the development of tuberculosis even among businessmen and high social status.
By 20-30 years it is believed that each person is infected with a stick of Koch, but a strong immune system copes with it. It is only necessary to weaken the body and mycobacterium tuberculosis can become more active and cause pulmonary tuberculosis and extrapulmonary forms.
As for the dry cough, it can be caused by tuberculosis of the lungs, bronchi or trachea, larynx. It begins with a dry, unproductive cough, obtrusive coughing, weakness, while body temperature rarely is more than 3, -3, most often it rises to low-grade figures and only in the evening.
Tuberculosis can be the cause of dry cough in adults, as well as in children, which is especially dangerous, as tuberculosis today is not the tuberculosis that was 40 years ago. Now a large number of drug-resistant forms of this terrible disease are registered, which require a longer and expensive treatment, and in combination with other chronic illnesses in the patient or HIV infection lead to lethal outcome.
Laryngitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis
are also frequent causes of dry cough. With pharyngitis, the mucous pharynx is involved in the inflammatory process, and with laryngitis, the mucous larynx is involved. Both these diseases are both acute and chronic, cough while it is dry, barking, exhausting, intensifying at night. With frequent inhalation of dusty air, dry, cold, and also in the presence of irritating gases and vapors in the air, tracheitis can develop - both acute and chronic. There is also a painful dry cough.
Diseases of ENT organs
Against the backdrop of various diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, sinusitis, or chronic rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, the appearance of night dry cough is due to the syndrome of postnasal swelling. When these diseases acquire a chronic course, not infrequently, the mucus that is separated from the nasal sinuses begins to flow down the back wall of the pharynx, it irritates the cough receptors in the tracheobronchial tree. This cough may seem productive and moist, since nasal mucus is released during cough, but this cough should be considered dry.
Oncological diseases of respiratory organs
Cancer of the bronchi, lungs, trachea, throat cancer, and mediastinal organs (organs located between the sternum and the spine - the heart, bronchi, aorta, etc.). If the dry cough does not persist for a long time, it worries both day and night, as soon as possible, turn to doctor, blood test, X-ray of lungs, according to indications, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, oncolikers. With any chronic cough it is necessary to find out the exact cause of its appearance, for today the oncological tension is getting stronger, cancer appears even in young people, and everyone knows that the timely detection of cancer increases the chances of recovery or significant prolongation of life.
Only on the basis of the examination the doctor can not establish the cause of a protracted cough - this is not possible, therefore it is necessary to pass the tests and pass several examinations according to the indications - blood test, sputum, spirography, spirometry, X-ray, bronchoscopy, bodipletizmography, tussography, MRI, CT.
Causes of dry cough, not associated with inflammatory processes of the respiratory system
In recent decades, the number of people suffering from various allergic reactions has increased significantly among the Russian population, especially in children. Almost all children today have any allergic reactions, if not food allergy, so allergy to dust, wool, pollen, ticks, etc. Pollinosis - a seasonal allergy to the pollen of flowering plants, which appears in spring and summer, has a hay fever very a large number of people, it is manifested by sneezing, runny nose, tearing, itching mucous and dry allergic cough.
a very common disease, characterized by a chronic, painful dry cough and attacks of suffocation. This disease can not be considered only a disease of the bronchi, it is a serious pathology, which is associated with a general violation of immunity, nervous system and allergy.
The impact of toxic substances in everyday life
household chemicals containing chlorine, washing powders, etc., the presence of cities in the air, megacities of the abundance of exhaust gases, leads to the emergence of an allergic dry cough. Also pay attention to when you started a dry cough, it may be somehow connected with the purchase of new furniture, new repairs, purchase of household appliances. Modern industry, especially the production of plastic, furniture, building materials, even children's toys, often uses abundance toxic chemicals that can irritate mucous nasopharynx, bronchi, causing chronic chemical poisoning. If there are a lot of such products in the room, they are new and exude a smell - this can be the cause of a dry cough.
Occasionally, cases of ascariasis are recorded, during which, during the migration of the ascarid larvae along a small circle of circulation, they linger in the lung tissue, causing a superficial dry cough. Getting into the lungs, the trachea and the bronchi, they cause irritation of the cough receptors, the migration phase with ascariasis is 8-14 days (see Fig. ascarids-symptoms and treatment).
Professional dry cough
The reason for its appearance may be related to work in harmful production, where in the air a mass of suspensions of toxic substances that cause dry cough in the workers is formed. Workers of the stone-working and coal-mining industry often develop silicosis of the lungs. Also among occupational diseases that cause dry cough is the disease of American farmers or fibrosing alveolitis, where dry cough is only a debut of pathology, the outcome of which is a severe respiratory failure.
Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tractSome diseases of the gastrointestinal tract provoke a dry reflex cough without temperature, it happens after eating with diverticula of the esophagus, esophagus-tracheal fistula, reflux-esophagitis.
Acceptance of certain medicines
as a rule, ACE inhibitors, which are used to lower blood pressure and treat other cardiovascular diseases. In 20% of patients, these medicines cause a dry cough, if after discontinuation of the drug it disappears, therefore, this cough was a side effect of the drug taken.
Cardiovascular diseases, heart failure may also be the cause of dry cough
The cause of allergies, a provoker of allergic reactions can be established with the help of tests, which will be directed by an allergist. It is worth taking seriously any manifestations of allergy, as it is not just a dry cough, runny nose or a rash, with a strong an allergic reaction can occur anaphylactic shock, Quincke's edema, which without timely medical care can be deadly.