Why does not it cough and what to do?
If the cough does not pass more than three weeks, then experts call it protracted or chronic. Most often, this condition is caused by chronic bronchitis, which is often observed in smokers and in people working in harmful industries (paint, pharmaceutical, industry). If a prolonged coughing disturbs a child or a non-smoker and when the effect of possible irritants is ruled out, an early examination and consultation of a specialist is recommended.
When chronic coughing is primarily examined for getting secretions from the nose into the nasopharynx, ejection of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus or pharynx, asthma. Also, the cause of long-term coughing can be more serious diseases - tumors, heart disease or connective tissue of the lungs.
Why does not it cough?
The reasons for not being cough for a long time can be many. In some cases, this condition is caused by benign lesions in the lungs, smoker's bronchitis, impaired functions or vessels.
In addition to constant coughing, other symptoms can also be present (wheezing in the lungs, runny nose, impurities of blood in the sputum, a feeling of heaviness in the chest, etc.).
The most common cause of prolonged coughing is asthma. With this disease, coughing can disturb constantly or periodically (in case of exposure to allergens).
Also provoke a protracted cough may be an incurable cold, usually such a condition It is caused by the increased susceptibility of the lungs due to what the cough can appear on the reflex level.
Why does not cough after angina?
If after a transited sore throat cough does not pass for a while, then there may be several reasons for this. First of all, this state is promoted by the immune system weakened against the background of disease and treatment, which is not able to resist both new viruses attacking the body, and the "old" untreated. Sometimes it happens that the diagnosis is incorrect or the sore throat is on the background of another disease.
For example, in viral rhinitis, mucus from the nasal cavity enters the throat, which causes reflex coughing, thus the body releases the throat from pathological contents.
By external signs, angina is often confused with viral pharyngitis. To establish the exact diagnosis it is possible by means of a smear and crop. The causative agents of angina are bacteria, and pharyngitis is provoked by viruses. With angina, antibiotics are invariably prescribed, but such drugs are fatal only for bacteria, and viruses continue to attack the body. As a result, the immune system weakened by antibiotics can not withstand viruses, which leads to disease progression and prolonged coughing. Viral pharyngitis against a background of inflammatory processes in the throat can cause a dry cough with spasms in the larynx.
Also, coughing can be a sign of rheumatic fever, usually, in addition to coughing, pain in the chest, fast fatigue, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat.
If the cough does not go away for a long time, you need to go to the therapist and have a check-up, take an X-ray, and the doctor will prescribe the treatment.
Often it happens that after a cold cough still continues to torment. If cough treatment does not show proper results and this condition lasts more than two weeks, then do not postpone the visit to the doctor. In most cases, coughing is caused by a new infection or virus that the weakened immune system is not able to cope with.
Why does the cough last a week?
If the cough does not last a week, and other symptoms (cold, low fever) are observed, the common cold most likely is the body. With timely and proper treatment, and with a cold, and with a cough it is fairly easy to cope. With improper treatment, non-compliance with the regime or complete absence of treatment, a severe inflammatory process in the trachea or bronchial tubes can develop.
To treat cough in the early stages it is recommended to do inhalations. For a long time it is known that when inhaled by warm vapors a moist environment is formed, which improves the formation and excretion of sputum. For inhalations use decoctions and infusions of herbs, essential oils.
To prepare a solution for inhalation, 1-2 tablespoons are needed. medicinal plants (chamomile, sage, mint, thyme) pour 400ml of boiling water (you can also dissolve a few drops of essential oil in hot water). You can administer inhalation in several ways: to breathe on a bowl with infusion of herbs, covered with a towel, roll a tube out of paper and inhale with it the therapeutic couples or use a special inhaler.
Do not inhale over boiling water, as well as with high blood pressure.
Why does the cough last 2 weeks?
Sometimes there are situations when, against the background of the prescribed treatment, the cough does not go away and continues to torture for more than a week. In this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor, undergo an additional examination and, if necessary, undergo a new course of treatment.
The long-lasting cough in most cases is caused by a new infection, with which the weakened organism has not coped. The most common causes of prolonged coughing are mycoplasmosis, pneumocystis, in more rare cases, cough causes fungal lesions (candidias, chlamydia) or mycobacterium tuberculosis.
It is worth noting that improper diagnosis and treatment can give severe complications even with a common cold.
Why does the cough last a month?
Cough can appear as a reaction of the body to pollen, wool or drugs. In this case we are talking about an allergic cough.
If cough does not pass under the influence of allergens for several weeks, in most cases it passes into bronchial asthma, so it is important to identify and eliminate the stimulus in a timely manner.
Also, the cause of a prolonged coughing can be a respiratory infection, against which there is an inflammatory process in the tonsils, pharynx, nasal mucosa, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs.
The cause of prolonged cough in children can be the presence of a foreign body in the upper respiratory tract. With paroxysmal coughing with deep breaths, it is possible to suggest the development of whooping cough.
Less often if the cough does not go away for several weeks, the cause is fibrous cystosis, bacterial pneumonia, tuberculosis, lung tumors.
Why does not coughing go Phlegm?
Sputum is a discharge from the bronchi and trachea, it can be normal (in a healthy person) and pathological (with the development of certain diseases).
In the human respiratory tract, mucus is constantly produced, which protects the body from pollutants (dust, small debris, etc.), and also resists pathogenic microorganisms.
The color of the sputum can vary from transparent to green against the background of the development of various respiratory diseases, and it can also contain various impurities (blood, pus, etc.).
Sputum production on cough is a good sign, because in this way the body gets rid of microbes. To help the body prescribed medications that facilitate expectoration, promote the production of sputum (ambroxol, bromhexine) and restore the bronchial secret (ATSTS).
With an allergic cough, antihistamines are prescribed (loratadine, fexofenadine).
If the cough does not go away, sputum is released, and there is no temperature, then the cause of this condition can be allergy, heart failure, poisonous substances in the air, smoking, as well as ticks that live in feathers pillows.
To relieve the condition with a damp cough, you need to drink more liquid, it will help reduce the viscosity of phlegm and improve its excretion from the bronchi.
If the cough with phlegm does not pass through the background of treatment, you need to inform the attending physician and undergo an additional examination (blood test, sputum, X-ray).
Why can not I dry a cough for a long time?
Coughing without sputum is called dry, usually it occurs against a background of various diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
If dry cough does not go away for a long time, it is advisable to begin medical treatment. There are several types of medications, codeine and ethylmorphine-based drugs (codeine, glaucine) have a central effect and suppress the cough reflex, acting on the medulla oblongata, drugs based on acetylaminonitropropoxybenzene (Kodelak bronho, Omnitus, Falimint, etc.) affect the cough receptors.
As an auxiliary treatment, you can use proven folk remedies that alleviate the condition with a debilitating dry cough. The most effective method for treating this kind of cough is warm milk with drinking soda, such a drink helps to reduce the cough reflex and improve your well-being.
Also 2-3 times a day you can drink a broth of black currant, peppermint, radish juice with honey, anise fruit extract.
With dry cough, inhalations with drinking soda are good.
Why does not cough go after pharyngitis?
With pharyngitis inflamed mucous pharynx, it can occur in both acute and chronic form. On the background of the disease there is a dry cough, which usually intensifies at night and leads to spasms of the larynx.
If even after treatment does not cough, then most likely the disease has not been cured or an ineffective therapy has been prescribed.
There are situations when the treatment stops on its own, even after a slight improvement in the condition. Usually in such cases a person does not want to "poison" himself with chemistry and stops taking medication, in the hope that herbal decoctions or strong immunity will help cope with the disease. However, this attitude towards treatment is unacceptable, since after the withdrawal of drugs the remaining viruses and bacteria can attack the weakened organism more strongly, which will lead to the development of heavy complications.
Why does not cough after laryngitis?
When laryngitis worried about dry cough, without sputum, hoarseness, Usually the disease is a complication of the common cold, but can develop and independently, after cold drinks, hypothermia, vocal cord overstrain, inhalation of ice or contaminated air.
At the initial stages are shown inhalation, rinsing, warm drink, medicamentous means for improving expectoration. Usually after a few days, sputum production begins, and the disease gradually passes. In the event that the cough does not pass for a long time after recovery, then an additional examination is required. Cough can occur with inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx (adenoids, tonsillitis), and a prolonged wet cough can indicate an infection in the lower respiratory tract.
Why does not a cough go after pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an infectious inflammation of the lungs. In the beginning, the cough is dry, but with time, as the inflammation in the lungs increases, it becomes wet, mucus appears. In pneumonia, coughing does not last long enough, on average pneumonia lasts about a month, but after recovery, coughing is a necessity for the body, as it helps to remove the remains of mucus from the lungs, it is also commonly called post-infection cough. The duration of the post-infection cough may range from two weeks to several months, depending on the condition of the body.
To improve well-being after pneumonia, it is recommended to do respiratory gymnastics, as well as undergo a course of physical procedures.
After treatment, the sensitivity of the cough receptors decreases, causing coughing to appear when inhaled cold air, dust, etc., this condition is the consequences of the transferred infection, but not the manifestation disease.
Why does not it cough after a cold?
Cough almost always accompanies catarrhal or viral diseases. As a rule, the symptoms of colds disappear after a few days, and after a week the body is completely healthy, but the coughing can disturb for a few more weeks.
It is believed that cough after a cold (residual) is the norm, but if it continues more three weeks, in most cases this is due to the development of complications (pneumonia, whooping cough, bronchitis and etc.).
The acute phase of the disease lasts several days, but during this period, pathogenic microorganisms destroy the respiratory mucosa, which leads to an increased sensitivity of the bronchi. After a cold a person is often disturbed by perspiration in the throat, a slight cough, the departure of a small amount of sputum. After the disease, the weakened body takes some time to recover and restore the mucous membranes. During this period, it is necessary to avoid hypothermia, it is desirable to drink a course of vitamins.
If the cough does not pass after the illness, it becomes stronger, there are other symptoms (chest pain, temperature, sputum with purulent or bloody impurities, etc.), it is necessary to consult a doctor to establish the cause and to exclude the development of serious diseases.
Why does not cough after bronchitis?
After bronchitis, coughing occurs in about half of the patients. Most often, children suffer from residual cough, because they have more bronchial flaws than adults, and the recovery period lasts longer.
If the cough does not pass after bronchitis, the reasons can be as follows:
- slow recovery process;
- severe damage to the mucosa of the respiratory tract;
- mistaken or incomplete treatment;
- allergic reactions (in particular to drugs).
Acute bronchitis occurs on average from 7 to 10 days, but even after visible improvements, bronchos take time to recover.
The average cough completely passes two weeks after bronchitis, provided that the treatment process was normal, and there are no complications. If the coughing intensifies and lasts more than three weeks, a specialist consultation is needed, since such the condition can be associated with the development of other diseases (asthma, pneumonia, bronchial obstruction, allergy).
Why does not pass cough during pregnancy?
If a pregnant woman does not get a cough for a long time, this can lead to serious consequences. During the cough, the tension of the abdominal wall and uterus occurs, as a result, the tone of the internal organs rises. The tone of the uterus in the early stages of pregnancy threatens spontaneous abortion, in late terms - premature birth.
Coughing is usually a symptom of a viral or infectious disease, and it can also appear when exposed to irritants (allergic cough). A severe debilitating cough requires immediate treatment, which should be prescribed by a specialist taking into account the period of pregnancy, the condition of the woman and the cause of the cough.
What if the child does not get a cough?
If the child does not go through a cough for a long time, the first thing to do is to identify the cause of such a condition. If coughing worries after a previous illness (SARS, influenza, bronchitis, etc.), then in this case, coughing can be associated with the recovery period. Harmful microorganisms weaken the body, provoke inflammation and irritation of the mucous membranes of respiratory pathways and the body needs time to completely free the bronchi from the remains of mucus and restore epithelium.
In this case, coughing does not pose a danger, usually the child occasionally coughs, there may be a slight discharge of sputum.
It is worth noting that each organism is individual, and the process of recovery in each individual case proceeds in its own way and can sometimes drag on for months.
If the cough lasts more than three weeks, while the amount of sputum increases, coughing becomes stronger, it is necessary show the child to the doctor, since in this case there may be a secondary infection, the development of complications or a severe allergic reaction.
Folk remedies for cough
If a long time does not pass a cough, you can use folk remedies that help calm irritated mucous membranes, improve sputum excretion and speed up the process recovery:
- Infusion of dill seeds - take 1ch. fennel seeds, crush, pour 250ml boiling water, insist 20-25 minutes. This infusion is recommended to drink instead of water during the day until complete recovery.
- Serum with garlic - 2 tbsp. garlic pour 250ml of whey of cow's milk and put on fire, immediately after boiling remove from heat and cool. This broth should be drunk during the day.
- Honey - has unique anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, with a protracted cough, you can dissolve in the mouth 1hour. honey several times a day.
- Drug broth - mix in equal parts licorice, althea root and elecampane, take 1 tbsp. mix and pour 200ml of cold water, leave for two hours. Then put on fire, bring to a boil. Cooled and strained broth to drink in three divided doses during the day, treatment course 10 days (every day it is recommended to prepare a new portion). If the cough continues, after a week, you can repeat the course of treatment.
As already noted, coughing is a protective reaction of the body, helping to release the respiratory tract from small particles of dust, various contaminants, viruses, etc. If the cough does not pass a long time, you need to determine the cause of its appearance. It is worth remembering the residual effects that occur during the recovery of the body and helps cleanse the bronchi from the remains of mucus. Also, coughing may occur because of the increased sensitivity of the receptors, in which case coughing worries after inhalation of cold air, dust or the action of allergens.
Prolonged coughing, which becomes stronger with time, is accompanied by abundant sputum or other symptoms (chest pain, temperature, runny nose, weakness, etc.) requires an urgent consultation of a specialist, since such a condition can be associated with a serious illness (asthma, tuberculosis).
Che then after a cold cough does not pass.. tell me, this is the situation ...
I used to always have all the postures in the same scenario, first a throat, then a snot, then a cough without sputum for several weeks (tracheitis), and even with a recession. From a sick-list to a sick leave.
I was helped by inhalation with breastfeeding, or breathe over the pot with boiled potatoes. Iodine net on the neck and chest, warming ointment Doctor Mom or pepper plaster. To remove the cough syndrome, sucked ordinary candy in addition to the cough drops. While resolving the candy - did not cough. She made foot baths with mustard for 10-15 minutes, then-in socks and under a blanket, sweat.
Now I try to grab a cold at the very beginning - warm milk with honey, broth, I try to drink more. Gargle with sodo-salt solution. At the very beginning of a one-time shock dose of vitamin C - it seems 1 gram, then drink in the usual dosage (For colds, it is necessary! ) If for 1-2 days the throat does not pass or is badly ill - I drink imunnostimuljatory - arbidol or tsikloferon and t. Item (it is possible or probable at you the umunitet is weakened and to you they too are necessary) At such treatment of a complication and retsedivy at me any more do not happen (fie-fie, to not maleficiate!).
Cough itself is unlikely to pass, we must systematically be treated, at least folk remedies. Only ALWAYS consult with your doctor and pharmacist about the drugs I have named, maybe you need something else.
Try to drink a decoction from the shoots of marsh ledum. Very good for dry cough.
Try the syrup of licorice, he takes the phlegm well. At me so too there was a cough for a long time did not pass or take place, can at you a bronchitis was after it such happens. Check your bronchi just in case, go to the pulmonologist doctor. Licorice also helps with bronchitis.
Hmm... I need to rinse my throat... herbal infusions... well, or warm water with salt.
You smoke a lot or a tube)
Cough does not pass with an adult for two weeks or a month: what to do
Among many symptoms of cough is a complex and unpleasant manifestation. Therefore, if it does not go through a week or a month, the patient begins to worry and suspect the presence of serious illnesses.
Sometimes after the course of catarrhal disease there is a cough that does not end for a long time. At the same time, various means and methods of treatment were tried. In such a case, medical care must be treated if the cough does not go away for more than 15 days.
But why does this symptom not disappear quickly? Perhaps the body was depleted during the course of the cold and at this inopportune time it was infiltrated by an infection or a virus.
The organism can overcome viruses independently, but only if it is not weakened. Therefore, in order to successfully cure a prolonged cough, it is necessary to find out which microorganism triggered its appearance, so it is necessary to conduct all necessary studies.
Prolonged cough: causes
If the cough does not pass for a long time, for example, a cough does not pass a month, then the following infections and diseases contribute to it:
- fungal microflora (chlamydia, candida);
It is worth noting that the wrong, inferior or untimely treatment of such diseases leads to their progression.
All the above microorganisms can enter the body by airborne droplets, when the infected person sneezes or coughs.
The chances of infection are doubled if the adult's body is weakened or he experiences heavy workloads.
Therefore, the immune system should be strengthened, there are plenty of vegetables and fruits, sleep and play sports.
What if the cough does not stop a week?
Coughing is an involuntary exhalation reflex that occurs as a result of irritation of the laryngeal mucosa, bronchial tubes or throat and lung tissue. Thanks to this symptom, the airways are cleaned of foreign bodies, harmful microorganisms, mucus, dust and sputum.
To the reasons provoking a long cough, it is possible to carry:
- emotional overstrain.
Moreover, the cough can be wet or dry, night, day, periodic, paroxysmal and so on.
Treatment of a week coughIf the cause of the weekly cough was ARD, then the doctor prescribes antitussive drugs, with this you can not take antibiotics, since they only affect bacteria. But antibacterial agents may be appropriate for bronchitis and pneumonia, which are accompanied by symptoms such as fever and severe cough syndrome.
In addition to antibiotics, if the week does not pass a severe cough, expectorants are prescribed on the basis of medicinal plants. In addition, the doctor can prescribe immunomodulating drugs, which activate the protective functions of the body and expel the effect of antiviral drugs.
It is worth noting that if the cough is not only not more than a week, but also accompanied by pain in the chest, high temperature (38 and more), and when expectoration is allocated bloody, green or yellow sputum, then you can not do self-medication, but you need to quickly turn to the doctor.
There are some recommendations that are important to observe when treating a prolonged cough in an adult. So that the throat is not dry, you need to drink a lot of liquid. To this end, every evening you can drink warm milk with honey.
Morse and juices are no less useful. In addition, if a dry cough does not pass for more than a week, you should drink fresh juice from black radish (three times a day for 1 tbsp. l.).
What if the cough does not stop within a month?
Why there is a long cough and what to do to eliminate it? If this symptom does not last a month, then perhaps the whole fault is the following factors:
- congenital pathologies of the lungs;
- a foreign body in the respiratory tract;
- bronchial asthma.
For successful treatment of a long cough it is important to know whether this symptom was the root cause of the disease or whether it developed during its course. In addition, it is necessary to determine its character - productive or unproductive, frequent or rare, spastic or paroxysmal and so on.
It is necessary to consult a doctor quickly if a cough with phlegm does not last more than a month and is accompanied by such signs as:
- severe swelling;
- weight loss;
- colorless, thick discharge or sputum with blood impurities;
- lack of appetite;
- fast fatiguability;
- retrosternal pain.
In addition, a long cough can become chronic. To prevent this from happening, one should go to the doctor if the cough reflex does not stop within five days. Many people do not pay enough attention to this symptom, and even more so if it is not accompanied by weakness, runny nose and fever, but in case of no treatment the time will be irretrievably lost.
When the cough does not stop for about four weeks, it is necessary to make an appointment for an ENT, a therapist, an allergist, a phthisiatrist, and possibly a pulmonologist. Doctors after the survey will be able to determine why the cough does not stop for so long and what to do to cure it.
So, a cough lasting for a month may indicate the presence of:
- chronic bronchitis;
- heart failure;
- bronchial asthma;
- cancerous metastases or lung cancer;
- whooping cough;
But in order to finally determine the cause of prolonged cough, additional research will be required. This can be a blood test, sputum culture on the flora, a blood test for mycoplasma and chlamydia, a Mantoux test and a lung X-ray.
In addition, a cough that lasts for more than 4 weeks is typical for smokers and people working in harmful production, where they constantly inhale mold and dust.
So, silicosis often develops in miners, asbestosis - in builders, and pnevonit - in the agricultural sector.
Treatment of a cough that lasts longer than a monthIt is worth noting that without medical advice to treat a prolonged cough is inappropriate. After all, depending on the cause, a certain method of treatment is needed, for example, with heart failure it is senseless to drink antitussive syrups, swallow tablets or do inhalations.
So, for the successful treatment of an incessant cough in an adult it is important to restore the water balance, so the patient needs to drink plenty of fluids. In this case, the patient's diet should not be too high in calories, it is best to enrich it with fruits and vegetables.
In addition, it is effective to perform inhalations with cough with the addition of coniferous oil, coltsfoot, baking soda, thyme, sage and chamomile.
When productive cough with viscous secretions, you need to use drugs that dilute sputum. These drugs include mucolytics and expectorants.
And it is better, if the basis of such funds will be medicinal plants. And with a small number of excretions are assigned expectorant syrups and tablets.
But it is worth noting that such drugs should not be taken together with antitussive drugs.
A prolonged cough is one that does not last 4-8 weeks. Therefore, a two-week cough is considered only a suspicion of a prolonged symptom.
So, if a cough for a long time does not pass, then its causes can be covered in the presence of such diseases:
- bronchial asthma;
- left ventricular failure;
- HIV infection;
- lungs' cancer.
Still mandatory inspection of the mucous nasopharynx or pharynx. In this case, the doctor examines the discharge from the nose, confirms or excludes the presence of polyps in the nasal cavity and sinusitis, manifested by pain sensations in the projection of the paranasal sinuses.
It is worth noting that the temperature with prolonged cough may not always be elevated. It accompanies only a few diseases, such as sinusitis, tuberculosis and pneumonia.
In addition, the doctor should examine the patient's neck. In the process of investigation, such manifestations as a positive venous pulse can be detected, which indicates pulmonary insufficiency.
With an increase in the posterior or anterior cervical lymph nodes and nodes of the supraclavicular area, there is a suspicion of cancer of the larynx or lungs. And when listening you can find signs such as noise, local or scattered dry wheezes.
To get rid of a protracted cough, the most commonly prescribed drugs that activate the immune system. To this end, the patient should take funds based on rhodiola rosea, ginseng, eleutterococcus. As a rule, they are used after antibiotic therapy. in the video in this article, the expert will tell. what to do with a prolonged cough.
After a cold, a cough does not go away (see. in)
These effects of smog are now manifested
Cough can be cured with grass. "By asking the market for herbalists. Itself cured when no pills and potions helped.
Sergei, I really helped the ACC. Excellent tool. Drink once a day for five days in a row. Yes there in the instructions everything in detail.
Do you smoke?
A simple and affordable way to quickly get rid of a cough Take a cotton cloth, moisten with hot water and squeeze. While warm soap with laundry soap and attach to the problem area on the chest. Wrap up and lie down first for about 20 minutes. If there is no irritation, then you can leave for the whole night. A hot shower of the shower directed to the breast helps, then to drink 50 g of vodka with pepper if there is no gastritis
Drink a pill of ketotifen and there will not be a cough. After treatment of colds, there is often an allergy, which causes a dry cough.
After a cold, a lot of time has passed, but the cough does not go away ...
This means that there are pathogens in the nasopharynx and in the respiratory tract. Cough, mucus in the nose (snot) - a natural reaction to this.
What it is? Well the horse-radish knows, probably a virus infection, probably bacterial, it can in general a hepatitis with a flu.
A macro, you can cough it out, and everything will be normal
You launched your OCR. The cough has intensified because Sinekod is an expectorant, it dilutes sputum and helps it to escape from the respiratory tract more easily. Drink more liquid with a damp cough (warm tea, rose hips, various fruit drinks, compotes and just water), it will help to get rid of cough and snot more quickly. By the way, very good drug with a cold with green snotami-Protargol. Even the children are assigned to it.
I would check with the allergist
Why drink Sinecod?! he from DRY cough (when there is NO sputum and cough agonizing), if there is sputum, you need to take Ambroxol 60 mg, ie 2 tablets 3 times a day for 7-8 days.
agrees about an infectious cold already... try to nose something like isofra, but you need to rinse necessarily well, any spray with sea salt is better, I buy morenazal it is longer enough and is cheaper
What if there is no cough after the flu?
Influenza is a very insidious disease. If the cough does not pass after the flu, it can be a signal of serious complications. Of course, most often this sign indicates a natural weakening of the body's disease and gradually passes. However, in order to avoid the risk of dangerous consequences, it is necessary to consult a doctor and conduct appropriate examinations. Coughing is a universal reflex of the body, which can be a method of spontaneous cleansing of the airways, but can be a serious warning.
The essence of the problem
Influenza is an acute inflammatory process of an infectious nature, taking place in the upper respiratory tract. During the development of the disease, the epithelium of the trachea and bronchi is exposed to active destruction and exfoliation, edema and signs of exudative inflammation appear. One of the characteristic features is hemorrhagic tracheobronchitis.When performing the treatment of the disease, it is possible to eliminate the pathogenic influenza virus and eliminate the main symptoms - development of inflammatory reaction, elevated temperature, - significantly reduce the general intoxication of the body, edema and spasms. However, it takes a certain amount of time to completely repair damaged tissues. Residual phenomenon in the form of coughing is common after elimination of the main symptoms of influenza or ARVI. Cough can be dry (reflex to irritation) or with phlegm. In the latter case, the airway clears from the accumulated exudate. Such manifestations can be considered normal for a duration of about 8-14 days, provided there are no other painful symptoms. Increase the intensity and duration of coughing can trigger factors: smoking, alcohol, smoky or polluted atmosphere, cold dry air.
Complications after the flu
If the cough after the flu does not last more than two weeks or if other warning signs are observed, then it is possible to suspect the presence of complications of the disease. The most characteristic complications of influenza include bacterial rhinitis, sinusitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, as well as pulmonary pathologies - pneumonia, empyema, respiratory distress syndrome.Most often, the flu-related complication concerns the upper and middle respiratory tract and is manifested by such diseases as bronchitis, laryngitis and laryngotracheitis. Laryngitis is characterized by a barking type of barking type of dry character and is accompanied by hoarseness in the voice. Bronchitis causes attacks of severe cough, after which there are pain and a feeling of constriction in the upper part of the chest.
Complications often occur in people in childhood and old age, as well as in the presence of various chronic diseases. If after cessation of the measures, there is still a cough, then it is necessary to consult a therapist. It is important to conduct a radiograph to detect pneumonia. Inflammation is a common consequence of influenza, and its detection at an early stage is an important factor in effective treatment.
Cough with phlegm after a flu
Cough manifestations after the flu with sputum discharge can be considered productive, since they contribute to a good cleansing of the bronchial canals. However, a certain usefulness of this phenomenon can be fixed only if the following conditions are met:
- the excreted mucus is transparent and has a normal consistency;
- cough manifests only when the physical or respiratory load is increased (running, frequent and deep breathing cycles, etc.);
- short coughs do not occur more often 4-5 times a day and bear a noticeable relief of breathing, most importantly - the total duration of such manifestations should not exceed 2-3 weeks.
If a wet cough is observed for a longer period, then it is necessary to conduct a survey with a doctor. An alarming (and even dangerous) signs should be considered the appearance of a purulent (yellow-green) component in the sputum or a foamy mass. Particularly dangerous is any splotch in the discharge of blood.Foamy or blood components may indicate complications in the cardiovascular system, pulmonary pathology and even on incipient pulmonary tuberculosis.
Another important cause of cough after the flu is secondary infection. Influenza or SARS significantly undermine human immunity, weaken its body. In such conditions, he becomes vulnerable to new pathogenic pathogens. The risk of new respiratory diseases, pharyngitis, whooping cough, measles, pneumonia, tuberculosis and other infections increases. Feeling favorable soil, mycoplasma, chlamydia, fungal microorganisms are activated, causing atypical forms of pneumonia and bronchitis.
Diagnosis of pathology
With prolonged manifestations of coughing or the onset of alarming symptoms, it is necessary to consult a doctor, which, based on the results of the survey and laboratory studies, will determine the nature of the protracted pathology. The primary diagnosis is based on the results of a blood and urine test. Biochemical methods of studying bronchial sputum have high informative capacity. It is important to accurately determine the presence and type of pathogen in the infectious nature of cough syndrome. The condition of the mucous membrane of the bronchi and the trachea is determined with the help of bronchoscopy. To make the diagnosis more precise, ultrasound methods allow. Pulmonary complications are detected during fluorography or radiography..
Treatment of the disease
If as a result of the diagnosis a complication is established, then the treatment has a specific character, due to the type of pathology detected. The scheme of treatment is established by the doctor taking into account the stage and severity of the disease.
In the event that no significant side pathologies have been identified and cough after the influenza has been caused by residual processes, measures should be taken to help the body to combat these phenomena.The treatment is prophylactic-regenerative and is aimed at strengthening immunity, restoring damaged tissues, excretion of exudate, weakening of cough syndrome. As treatment procedures, the following measures are recommended:
- Reduction in the intensity of cough manifestation is provided by the preparations "Erespal "Sinekod". With a strong cough appoint "Libexin "Broncholitin".
- For liquefaction and excretion of sputum, mucolytics and expectorants are used.
- Breathing exercises will help restore the normal functioning of the respiratory musculature. You can perform a simple exercise: from the standing position on the inspiration to spread your hands to the sides, and on exhalation grasp them by your shoulders (on exhalation the breath is delayed for 20-30 seconds). You can do the exercise by inflating the balloons.
- An effective method of treatment is inhalation. It is recommended to do it using infusions of medicinal herbs. Widely used such an inhalation composition: a mixture of chamomile with chamomile with the addition of baking soda and eucalyptus oil. Effective inhalation with propolis (25 g per 250 ml of hot water) is considered to be effective.
- With frequent cough helps strengthened drinking regimen. At the same time to improve immunity, it is better to use beverages with a high content of vitamins (for example, broth of rose hips). To restore the disturbed water balance, alkaline mineral water is recommended. Traditional treatment is often built on the use of warm drink - very good help hot milk with figs.
- The warming compresses have proved to be successful. Such procedures are carried out with the use of lard, badger fat. Effective means - heating ointments based on essential oils.
- Preventive measures are important: keeping the feet warm (for example, woolen socks), warm clothing, maintaining the humidity and the optimal temperature in the room.
Cough after the illness is a residual phenomenon, but it can also indicate dangerous complications. Therefore, joking with him is not recommended, on the contrary, it is necessary to conduct appropriate examinations. Only a doctor can diagnose the nature of the cough and prescribe the necessary treatment.