Symptoms of influenza in an adult

Cold without temperature is absolutely normal

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Despite the fact that the art of healing has long become a medicine, that is, a system of scientific knowledge and practical ways of determining and treatment of human diseases, so far a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, we call a common word "cold". And a cold without temperature also refers to viral diseases. Thus from all organs of the upper respiratory tract, first of all, the nose and pharynx are affected.

Causes of cold without temperature: the virus is to blame for everything

Without going deeper into the medical jungle, we can say that of the two hundred strains of viruses involved in the occurrence of colds, the most active are rhinoviruses from the family of picornaviruses. Getting into the human body, rhinoviruses multiply in the cells of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, which leads to inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract - nasopharyngitis, rhinopharyngitis, acute rhinitis or, as we speak, cold. Why does this happen most often in the cold season? Because some of the viruses that cause colds are seasonal. But the reason for their seasonality has not yet been clarified ...

Cold without temperature is absolutely normal

In addition, experts have on this occasion two more versions. Some believe that the causes of the development of colds, including the causes of colds without temperature, are purely physiological. Under the influence of cold air, the blood supply of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract changes, this leads to reduce the production of mucus, and at this point, viruses that get into the respiratory tract, begin to multiply intensively.

According to the second point of view, in the cold, the human body experiences stress, to which the immune system responds by reducing its protective functions. And a cold without fever (if you stick to this version) is an indicator of strong immunity, which is stricken with infection without the involvement of the hypothalamus, responsible for the thermoregulation of our body and "giving the command" to begin the development of protective antibodies.

However, a lot of studies have been conducted, which suggest that the increased susceptibility of the organism to infection during hypothermia is no more than a myth ...

Because the common cold causes a virus, it can be infected. The most common route of transmission is airborne, as well as direct contact when a person touches the source of the infection.

Symptoms of colds without fever

On average, the incubation period of a cold without temperature does not exceed two to three days. From unpleasant sensations in the nose and throat, it comes to sneezing and a cold. According to medical experts, a sore throat with a cold senses up to 40% of the sick, about 60% of people complain of a cough, the presence the cold reaches almost 100%, but the temperature in adult patients, as a rule, remains within norms.

At first, the main symptom of a cold without fever is abundant, watery discharge from the nose. In a day or two they become thicker and acquire a mucus-purulent character. Cough is attached to the cold - at first dry, and then with a small amount of sputum.

In the absence of bacterial complications (in the form of sinusitis or otitis) after 5-7 days, the symptoms of a cold without temperature disappear. True, cough can last much longer (up to two weeks) and often leads to bronchitis, laryngitis or tracheitis.

A cold in pregnancy without fever (when its cause is a rhinovirus) has similar symptoms. The same signs are accompanied by a cold in a child without temperature, but most often the body temperature in children still increases, especially in very young. Their body is still developing, so the reaction of the immune system is aggravated. For this reason, any cough, like the physiological function of cleaning the airways, requires finding out the reason - not to miss the same pharyngitis, laryngitis or bronchitis.

In most cases, the diagnosis of cold without temperature is based on clinical manifestations of the disease and does not represent difficulties.

Treatment of a cold without fever

Symptoms and treatment of colds were described as far back as the 16th century BC - in the medical papyrus of Ebers "A book of medicines for all parts of the body." But there is still no cure for colds, and we are treating - or rather, relieving - only her symptoms.

At the same time, one must not forget that antibiotics can not be taken with colds, since they do not affect the viruses that cause this disease.

Treatment of colds without temperature is recommended to be carried out with the help of proven folk remedies, which are now called alternative methods. So, with the appearance of the first cold symptoms you need to make a hot foot bath (with the addition of dry mustard) or rub your feet with vodka or turpentine ointment and put on warm socks. In the treatment of colds with pregnancy without temperature, the use of thermal procedures is strictly prohibited: you can only warm a scarf around your neck and woolen socks on your feet.

But tea with lemon and honey, as well as with ginger is absolutely useful to everyone. With reddening of the throat and cough, inhalations are well assisted by infusions of pine buds, sage, eucalyptus leaves, baking soda solution, mineral alkaline water of Borjomi type. Do it better twice a day - in the morning (one hour before leaving home) and in the evening - an hour and a half before bedtime.

To get rid of cough, a warm drink gives a positive effect - a decoction of dogrose, tinctures of thyme, lemon balm, leaves mother-and-stepmother, roots of elecampane, and also warm milk in half with alkaline mineral water, and at night - warm milk with honey and butter. Note that hot milk will slow down the sputum. Drink slowly, in small sips.

With sore throat in the treatment of colds without temperature, you can not do without rinsing. Their recipes are great, but the most effective are: salt + soda + iodine, chamomile or sage infusion, and solutions of natural apple cider vinegar (tablespoon per 150 ml of water), furacilin and hydrogen peroxide (1-2 teaspoons per glass water). Throat should be rinsed as often as possible - at least 5-6 times a day.

Irritation and sore throat are often the result of a strong cough, and as a result, coughing attacks happen more often. To get rid of this problem, regular gargling of the throat with a warm solution of common salt: a teaspoonful for 200 ml of water.

Relieves the pain in the throat, ingestion of a mixture made of 100 grams of natural honey and juice of one lemon. This natural medicine should be taken two teaspoons several times a day. A cure for a runny nose will help drop home preparation - juice of fresh carrots with honey, raw beet juice: 5-6 drops in each nostril 4 times a day. You can apply a little bit of balm "Asterisk" several times a day on the bridge of the nose and make acupressure in the region of the wings of the nose and at the highest point of the nose - between the eyebrows.

Since treatment of colds during pregnancy without temperature maximally excludes the use of pharmaceuticals and presupposes symptomatic therapy with folk remedies, then all of the above methods are completely safe for expectant mothers.

Drugs for treating colds without fever

In medicamental treatment of colds without fever, preparations are used for cough, runny nose and sore throat. Good expectorant means are classic potions - althaea syrup and pertussin. Pertussin belongs to the combined preparations of plant origin (it is based on the extract thyme or thyme), it exerts an expectorant effect, promotes the dilution of sputum and accelerates it excretion. Adults need to take a potion of one tablespoon three times a day, children - for tea or dessert.

Tusuprex tablets and mucaltin are also considered classics in the treatment of cold cough. Tusuprex has antitussive and weak expectorant effect. The daily dose for adults - a tablet (2 g) 3-4 times a day, for children up to a year - on a quarter of a tablet, and older than a year - half a tablet 3-4 times a day. A possible side effect is digestive disorders. This drug is contraindicated in bronchospastic states (narrowing the lumen of the bronchi) and in bronchitis with difficulty expectoration of sputum.

Mukaltin acts as a thinning phlegm and expectorant due to the content of the extract of the althea medicinal. Adults need to take 1 tablet 4 times a day, children from one to three years - on, pills 3-4 times a day (you can dissolve the pill in 70-80 ml of warm water). Among the contraindications for mucaltin - hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, as well as peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.

With a strong dry cough during a cold without fever, the doctor can prescribe medications that block the cough reflex - glaucine and oxeladine. Glaucin is available in the form of a dragee, syrup (including syrup for children) and tablets, and is prescribed adults - 40 mg 2-3 times a day, children under the age of 4 years - 10 mg 2-3 times a day (after food). The drug is contraindicated in severe arterial hypotension and myocardial infarction. Possible side effects are expressed in the form of dizziness, weakness and nausea.

Bromhexine, lazolvan, ambroxol, acetylcysteine ​​(ACS) are used for liquefaction and treatment of cough expectoration. For example, the drug bromhexine (tablets, drops, drops, syrup) is taken by adults and children over 14 years of age at 8-16 mg 3-4 times a day. Dosage for children under 2 years - 2 mg 3 times a day, at the age of 2 to 6 years - 4 mg, at the age of 6-10 years - 6-8 mg three times a day. Duration of admission - no more than 4-5 days. Among the contraindications for this drug are hypersensitivity, peptic ulcer in the acute stage, pregnancy (especially the first trimester) and breastfeeding.

Among the medicines for cough, which are most often prescribed by doctors for the treatment of colds without temperature in children, syrups Gedelix, Prospan, Tussamag, Travisil and Evkabal.

Treating a cold without fever means getting rid of a cold. The trusted drops from the common cold are naphthysine, sanorin, galazoline. And in the treatment of rhinitis, children use Nazivin drops (for babies from birth to the year), Nazol Baby (for children over 1 year old), ximelin (5% for children 2-12 years, and% for children from 12 years old). With pains in the throat, drugs with local anesthetic action in the form of aerosols - inhalipt, gum, camphor, are used. Also in pharmacies, there are many different dragees, lozenges, lozenges and resorption tablets that help to relieve the inflammation of the throat.

But paracetamol for colds without temperature is obviously not worth taking. Since the pharmacological action of this drug is analgesic and antipyretic, and it is used for: pain of mild and moderate intensity (headache and toothache, migraine, back pain, arthralgia, myalgia, neuralgia), febrile syndrome (ie elevated temperature) with colds diseases.

Among the contraindications to the use of paracetamol - hypersensitivity, dysfunction of kidney and liver, alcoholism, children under 6 years. And in the list of side effects, such blood diseases as agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia and anemia; renal colic, aseptic pyuria (pus in the urine with its sterility), glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys with circulatory disturbances in them), as well as allergic rashes on skin.

Paracetamol first appeared in the pharmaceutical market for the first time in the early 1950s in the United States. Its manufacturer (Sterling-Winthrop), attracted buyers by saying that paracetamol is safer than aspirin... According to official medical statistics, in the United States the use of paracetamol (panadol) is the most common cause of liver damage - more 55 thousand. of cases every year.

ilive.com.ua

Symptoms of influenza in adults - swine flu, avian influenza

Influenza is a viral disease that even people who are completely remote from medicine know about it, since this is the most famous and a frequent illness, transmitted by airborne droplets, during conversation, sneezing, coughing from a sick person to a healthy one. Nowadays, the flu has become one of the most dangerous diseases due to its complications.

And yet, several decades ago, he had a rather frivolous attitude toward him from doctors and the public. The flu did not cause such anxiety among parents, as now, children easily transferred it, and complications were very rare.

Especially frivolous it was in the Spanish epidemic in 1918, when the death rate was 50 million people (about 3 percent of the world's population). Symptoms of influenza in adults were mostly mild, and most of the patients had a disease called "on legs went to work, not maintaining the pastel regimen and did not bother to treat themselves, after 3-4 days a strong organism easily suppressed the virus and the recovery came very fast.

What is happening today? Every year new strains of this virus appear, atypical varieties of the disease arise, it is difficult treatable and provoke very serious complications, the death rate of the population from influenza in all over the world.

Symptoms of influenza in adultsUnfavorable ecological situation on the planet, an abundance of poor-quality harmful food products, various chemical insecure substances in everyday life, increasing radiation load per person - all this reduces the protective forces of any organism, the total resistance.

People have become harder to tolerate any viral infections, while the period of recovery is prolonged, and the number of complications after the flu is increasing. How to distinguish the signs of influenza in adults from a common cold? What are the signs of a typical, swine or bird flu?

Symptoms of a typical flu

The most important sign of the flu is a sharp deterioration in health, weakness, fever, high fever, perspiration, sore throat, dry cough and joint aches. Unlike the flu, the flu begins very abruptly, suddenly, besides, with cold, body temperature rarely reaches 38C, when, as with the flu, it is usually 38-40C. Also, with colds, there are rarely severe headaches, while the flu is intense, concentrated in the forehead, temples. Headache with influenza is due to severe intoxication, which for colds is negligible. With colds, the population suffers more often than the flu and they go much easier and faster without causing complications. The main features of influenza in adults:


  • High temperature 38-40C, chills, weakness
  • Intense headache, dizziness
  • Photosensitivity, pain in the eyes
  • Arthritis in the joints and muscles, in the whole body
  • Excessive sweating
  • Pershing and sore throat, dry mouth, dry strong cough
  • Abundant discharge from the nose, sneezing
  • Less common is vomiting and nausea

In addition, for colds, usually not very strong cough, with the flu, it is significant. Influenza as a more serious disease, which undermines immunity, often contributes to exacerbation of existing chronic diseases in humans.

Swine flu and its specific symptoms

It is worth noting that the information on such forms of influenza as pork and poultry is somewhat "inflated" with the aim of imposing a vaccine for us or for another purpose, which we have not voiced. Complications from such influenza develop in weakened people (the elderly, pregnant women, often ill children). And pneumonia can develop as early as the second day from the first symptoms of the disease.

Signs of swine flu are identical to those of a typical human influenza strain. Like ordinary swine flu, it is accompanied by headache, and high fever, and aching joints, weakness, cough, and increased fatigue. Swine influenza causes vomiting and diarrhea. If the following symptoms accompany the usual symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help:

  • Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, with inspiration or exhalation
  • Pain in the chest
  • Stomach ache
  • Fever, not knocked down by antipyretic agents
  • Sharp dizziness
  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Prolonged vomiting or diarrhea

If you have all the signs of the flu, you need to be at home whenever possible, exclude any contact, to maximally isolate themselves from others, and not become a source of infection by the virus, especially if it is pork or avian flu.

Avian influenza in adults

The sources of avian influenza are wild birds, when a sick individual is in contact with a healthy, as well as a vector rats that are not susceptible to this disease, but can be carriers of the infection on their own wool. For humans, the source is most often poultry, their droppings, and also the virus can be transmitted through objects, things, shoes.

It is proved that the virus of this flu enters the body through the mucous eye and the airways from the sick person with close contact. The major share of all known outbreaks of avian influenza was registered in people who had contact with sick poultry, objects surrounding them. As the virus dies already at 70 ° C, the probability of infection when eating meat of infected birds minimal, the only source of influenza through food is raw eggs, used for food.

The symptoms of avian influenza practically do not differ from a typical flu, the same fever, cough, runny nose, butif after 5-6 days of illness the state of health worsens, then as a complication of this type of influenza there is atypical pneumonia.Of all the known cases of outbreaks of avian influenza, which could be proved by laboratory analysis, 50% of the cases did not survive due to the severe course of pneumonia. Therefore, when the clinical deterioration of the condition, the emergence of respiratory failure, prolonged non-knocked down fever, should be called "First Aid".

zdravotvet.ru

What is swine flu and how to treat it?

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Swine flu is the same respiratory illness as ordinary flu, but differs from it in some symptoms and, of course, with consequences. Swine flu is very easy to get infected, so doctors treat it as highly contagious diseases. This kind of flu was discovered by American physician Richard Shope back in 1931, but we learned about him relatively recently. "Swine" flu is called because it was very common among domestic animals, in particular, pigs. Although they can get sick and birds, and, as it turns out, people. How to recognize the swine flu and how to treat it?

The most important thing about swine flu

We learned about swine flu relatively recently, as it was distributed mainly in farms in Kenya, Europe, the United States, as well as in Taiwan, Japan and China. With the development of trade, some diseases, which were not previously known to us in practice, migrated to us. Swine flu is a rather cunning disease that can mutate and modify its symptoms. Therefore, to fight against it is difficult to come up with a suitable vaccine - the virus constantly changes its characteristics.

Physicians came up with a classification for swine flu. He is referred to a particularly dangerous group - A, it is given only to those types of diseases that are capable of causing epidemics and which are very common.

If you do a vaccine against swine flu, you must first determine what kind of virus it caused. The fact is that the vaccine that was made last year, with a change in the nature and type of the virus, can be completely useless after a year.

Risk groups for the incidence of swine flu

  1. Particularly susceptible to this disease are children - they are at high risk. Children under two years of age and children from five years old are most likely to be affected by this disease.
  2. The second risk group is the elderly, especially after age 65
  3. The third group of risk - pregnant women
  4. The fourth group of risk is people with chronic diseases. These diseases include blood diseases, cancer, lung diseases, especially chronic ones, asthma, diabetes, kidney disease, liver, nervous system disorders, brain and weakened immunity.

It is important to know that swine flu can affect not only these groups of risk, but also absolutely healthy people. Therefore, having found out at itself symptoms of this disease, it will be necessary to address to the doctor immediately.

Symptoms of swine flu

The most characteristic symptoms of swine flu are heat, chills. Fever, high - up to 40 degrees - temperature. In this case, a person or an animal can die. But with modern medical care, mortality in swine flu is low - up to 4% of patients.

If a person has all or some of these symptoms, chances are that you have contracted swine flu. It is worth knowing that not all flu-infected people have high fever. So, these symptoms can be suspected in yourself or close to the swine flu.

  • Increased temperature
  • Strong cough - dry or wet
  • Nasal congestion or runny nose
  • Sore and aching all over the body
  • My head hurts
  • A person can turn red
  • A person may have chills
  • Very fast fatigue
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

Here are listed the alarming symptoms in which any person should immediately receive medical care.

At what symptoms of a flu should a person get immediate medical help?

What is swine flu and how to treat it?

What concerns children

  • Breathing is too frequent or too difficult
  • Skin changes color to gray or bluish
  • The child does not want to eat or drink
  • The child has a strong vomiting, which does not stop for a long time
  • The child is listless, does not want to wake up, is inactive
  • The child is too nervous, reacts aggression to any actions of adults
  • Symptoms stop for a while, and then attack with renewed vigor
  • The child coughs and intense fever

Disturbing symptoms of swine flu in adults

  • The person suffocates or his breathing is difficult
  • The chest or abdomen can hurt, in these parts of the body there may be a squeezing
  • A person may have dizziness, with a sudden
  • Consciousness can be clouded
  • Vomiting can be very strong and does not stop for quite a long time

Symptoms of influenza can stop, and then attack the patient again

What is the difference between swine flu and bird flu?

With avian influenza, which is designated as the H5N1 virus, many patients died - more than half of the cases. With swine flu, many people recover without even serious treatment, although its viruses change more quickly.

Subtypes of swine flu

Swine flu is divided by physicians into subtypes. The most common of these is the H1N1 subtype. He was awarded the highest - the sixth degree of danger, according to the international classification. This means that the H1N1 influenza virus can cause large epidemics, which are called pandemics. But this does not mean that the swine flu virus in practice infects whole cities. There is just such an opportunity if people are not treated and do not make them a flu vaccine.

There are also other subtypes of swine flu - H1N2, as well as H3N1 and H3N2. For all these types of influenza is characterized by airborne droplet spread (when sneezing, coughing, unwashed hands and so on).

Experts of the World Health Organization believe that the ability of the influenza strain to change can lead to a combination of viruses. And this threatens humanity with a higher mortality rate if the infection spreads.

Forecasts are such that in the case of the spread of new aggressive forms of swine flu, human losses can significantly increase about six months after the epidemic begins to spread. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor your health and turn to the doctor in time when you have suspicious symptoms.

Treatment of swine flu

If a person becomes ill with swine flu or suspects his symptoms, you should first of all refuse to communicate with other people, because the swine flu virus is transmitted by airborne droplets. In mild form of the disease, it can go on by itself within a week.

If the symptoms indicate a severe form of flu, you should contact your local doctor or an ambulance. To determine which disease has caused your suffering, the doctor will conduct a thorough diagnosis.

What is the treatment for swine flu?

For his treatment, antiviral drugs are prescribed, since swine flu is caused precisely by viruses. These drugs can be similar to those that treat ordinary flu. This will help to cope with the complications that the flu can bring, if it is carried on its feet or not treated at all.

It is very important when treating influenza to comply with bed rest and take into account the possible risk of relapses of other diseases, which the person was ill for a short time before. Do you need to prescribe antiviral drugs and which of them you yourself can not decide. This decision should be made by a professional - your treating therapist.

Among the antiviral drugs that treat swine flu, there may be "zanamivir" and "oseltamivir." Means that are sold in pharmacies without a prescription, do not need to use against the flu without a doctor's recommendation.

How long does it take to recover from swine flu?

It depends on the individual characteristics of the person. As a rule, with the right approach to treatment, the disease passes through 7-10 days. But you have to make sure that you are already healthy and do not infect others. The indicator of recovery will be a normal working condition without weakness, headache, increased fatigue, coughing and fever. If you had a fever, you must endure the house at least one day after she passed.

It is not superfluous to know that after you have been ill with the flu, you need to follow the precautions. First of all, carefully wash your hands, at home handle door handles with disinfectants, in transport you can wear an antiviral mask. And turn away when you cough and sneeze other people, try not to contact sick adults and children.

Swine flu is a rather serious disease. Therefore, you need to protect your health with additional means of prevention so that you do not get sick, drink vitamins in time and do not contact sick people.

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How and how to treat ARVI in adults: drugs, drugs and complications

If there was a defeat of the respiratory system due to the virus, it is an acute respiratory viral infection.

In the cold period of the year the likelihood of contracting SARS increases several times. Approximately 60 to 80% of people are ill every year with a cold.

Small children and adolescents are most susceptible to viruses, since the immune system is not yet fully formed.

How can I get sick?

Often, the diagnosis of SARS is put to the patient after he has been in contact with a sick flu or parainfluenza. There is a risk of transmission of infection during a conversation, a kiss, a handshake. For this reason, the virus infection spreads very quickly in crowded places: crossings, metro, shopping centers, educational institutions. The mechanism is simple:

  1. the sick person coughs;
  2. viruses fly with sputum and saliva;
  3. fly in the air.

Usually dust particles along with viruses do not reach the person immediately. They first settle on the floor, and only then they rise into the air.

Poor environments and excessive humidity become a favorable environment for viruses and bacteria. Especially often this is observed in autumn, spring and winter. Epidemics of acute respiratory viral infection can be easily explained by lowering the temperature indexes, supercooling the body. In addition, it is in the autumn-winter period that people suffer from:

  • beriberi;
  • weakening of the body.
Orvi in ​​the adultInfections affect the organs of the upper respiratory tract, causing inflammation, coughing attacks, and pain. Immediately the body temperature rises, which indicates the involvement of bronchi, alveoli in the inflammatory process.

If a rhinovirus infection has started, the patient will feel a chill, a pain in the muscles, a stuffy nose. Breathing is possible only after instilling a drop in the nose. However, drops can not be used for a long time.

In order not to infect other members of the family, the patient must:

  1. wear a special gauze dressing;
  2. Use only your personal hygiene items;
  3. systematically process them.

Otherwise, the whole family will fall ill within a few days.

Since the main source of infection is slime and saliva, you should not only wash your personal items as thoroughly as possible, but also hands with soap.

With seasonal outbreaks of morbidity, one should refrain from contact of hands with the lips, face, do not touch the nose.

How to distinguish influenza from ARVI?

As you know, ARVI is a group of diseases caused by a virus. Such diseases are transmitted by a drip and are accompanied by:

  • general weakness;
  • chills;
  • lacrimation;
  • increased sweating;
  • an increase in temperature to 38 degrees.

The patient feels constant pain in the joints, a headache.

Almost 80% of cases fall after contact with a patient with respiratory infection.

The peculiarity of the problem is that the body simply can not develop a stable immunity to viral infections, as they constantly mutate and adapt quickly to new conditions. Therapy of acute respiratory viral infections always occurs according to the standard scheme: temperature reduction, the use of antiviral drugs, antihistamines, vitamin preparations.

The flu is a more dangerous and insidious disease, and it can be hard to treat. It has long been no secret that more and more people have become increasingly diagnosed with outbreaks of influenza that take hundreds and thousands of lives.

Scientists know about 200 viruses, but the most common are:

  • pork;
  • avian;
  • Spanish.

The main difference from the usual viral infection in a particular infectious and severe course. The incubation period for influenza is 2-3 days. At this time the sick person does not suspect about his illness and infects dozens of people around him.

Symptoms of influenza are very similar to manifestations of acute respiratory viral infection, but proceed in a more severe form. There is nausea, vomiting, intoxication, headache.

In some cases, the flu is accompanied by sleep disturbances and even hallucinations. After infection with the flu, the patient must be isolated. He is shown:

  1. strict bed rest;
  2. antiviral drugs;
  3. adequate symptomatic therapy (drops in the nose, cough syrups).

To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may order the delivery of tests. The virus can be calculated with the help of a serological reaction, antibodies.

Such studies are quite expensive and are used only to confirm an epidemic or an influenza pandemic.

Symptoms of ARVI

Once a certain causative agent of a viral infection has entered the body, it needs time to begin active reproduction and harmful effects on the body. Usually the incubation period lasts no less than 2 days. After this time, the classic symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection begin, respiratory damage.

The first signs of an acute respiratory viral infection will be:

  • rubbing in the eyes;
  • increased total body temperature;
  • a situation in which the eyes and runny nose water;
  • Perspiration in the throat, dryness, irritation, sneezing;
  • increase in the size of the lymph nodes;
  • sleep disorders;
  • coughing attacks;
  • changes in the voice (if the mucous larynx has become inflamed).
SARS in an adultWhen the eye is affected, photophobia, inflammation of the mucous conjunctiva is observed. As with influenza, there is a risk of hallucinations.

The patient will experience symptoms of intoxication. They manifest themselves after catarrhal symptoms and pass earlier. You should know that the intoxication syndrome is more serious and complicated. It proceeds against a background of chills, increased temperature, vomiting, loss of consciousness. Often there is a headache.

In acute viral diseases, the nose also suffers: light discharge from the mucous membrane appears. They can be of low viscosity. At the end of the disease the exudate acquires a yellowish tinge. It is required to use drops in the nose.

Every patient has ARVI in his own way. It directly depends on the strength of the immune defense, the state of the respiratory system.

Especially dangerous are viral diseases for diabetics, people with heart failure. And relatively healthy people, the common cold can lead to dangerous complications if the disease is transferred "on its feet". Therefore, for a speedy recovery is better:

  1. adhere to bed rest;
  2. apply drops in the nose.

If the signs of the virus and the flu, for example, headache, dizziness are strong, then this is especially true.

To help the patient should give him drugs to lower the temperature and call a doctor. There is no need to treat a viral infection in the hospital. At observance of instructions of the doctor she perfectly passes or takes place and in house conditions.

Treatment of acute respiratory viral infections in adults

When infected with viruses in about 10% of cases, the disease is mild. Depending on the stage of the disease and the infection, the doctor will prescribe treatment.

Several pathogens are known:

  • adenovirus;
  • rhinovirus;
  • metapneumovirus;
  • coronavirus;
  • paragripp;
  • syncytial virus.

The diagnosis will be determined according to the general epidemiological situation and the symptoms of the disease. If an epidemic of a specific virus has been announced, the first patients have already been tested, then it is likely that the rest of the affected population is infected with the same infection. According to statistics, the diagnosis is confirmed without costly research.

To treat ARI is required antiviral agents, analgesics. If the temperature rises above the level of 38 degrees, it must be knocked down. Preparations against the temperature are presented in pharmacies in a wide range.

But, if the temperature does not rise above 38, then doctors do not recommend to reduce it. Each patient should be aware that it is at such temperatures that the body cures the virus. Do not take medicine from the heat.

Treatment provides mandatory wet cleaning with the use of antiseptic. Ventilate the room, humidify the air, and wash the dishes with hot water.

Preparations for the fight against ARVI

drugs that help in the treatment of ARVIWhen a viral infection is prescribed to take antiviral non-steroid drugs, for example, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Diclofenac. They will relieve the pain.

There is a need to take antihistamines, vasoconstrictive drops in the nose, drugs for sore throat, for coughing. Take all the drugs you need in the complex. It will be possible to facilitate breathing, soften cough, relieve tension from muscles, and stop the inflammatory process.

When after the acute respiratory viral infection and influenza the bronchi are affected, antibacterial therapy with antibiotics, phytoncides is carried out. If only a viral infection is detected, antibiotics are not needed, because they are not able to affect the virus!

With inadequate treatment or its complete absence, complications are possible:

  • pneumonia;
  • pharyngitis;
  • laryngitis;
  • bronchitis.

Already, depending on the severity of the patient's condition, prescribe to take appropriate medications and vitamin preparations, drops.

Treatment with folk remedies

Unconventional medicine offers its vision of the therapy of viral infections, and influenza and acute respiratory infections in particular. Such recipes are used at home as an auxiliary method of treatment.

So, the first symptoms and manifestations of ARVI and influenza will recede, if in the room where the patient is located, decompose a large amount of grated onions and garlic. The phytoncides that make up these vegetables kill viruses and bacteria.

You can do inhalation over a container with hot water. To increase the effectiveness of the liquid, add a chive of garlic, pine needle extract, fir oil, eucalyptus. Also on the basis of these oils do drops in the nose.

When ARVI developed and bronchitis, it is shown to take decoctions of medicinal plants:

  1. succession;
  2. ledum;
  3. marshmallows;
  4. mother and stepmother;
  5. liquorice root.
treatment of ARVIWith parainfluenza and laryngitis, inflammation in the larynx is treated with rinses. For this purpose it is good to make broths of chamomile, eucalyptus, calendula.

If there are signs of pharyngitis and adenovirus infection, the pharynx is inflamed and there is pain, it is useful to do inhalations, gargle with solutions with essential oils, apply drops in the nose.

The first symptoms of the disease pass, if on the nose and forehead do compresses of water and vinegar in a proportion of 1 to 2. Such procedures will help reduce heat. From a strong cough will help a hot foot bath with the addition of mustard powder. They can be done only if the body temperature is not increased!

The most popular and old method to treat ARVI and flu symptoms should be called inhalation over the decoction of potatoes.

From the cough get rid of compresses from boiled potatoes. The recipe is simple:

  • The cooked vegetable is put on gauze;
  • kneaded, sprinkled with alcohol;
  • put on the chest.

The compress is covered with food film, towel. Keep it will take from 30 to 50 minutes. This remedy is effective, the cold passes very quickly. Especially if you drip further into the nose.

During treatment, it is recommended to drink plenty of fluids. It can be warm milk, raspberry tea, berry juice, mineral water without gas, broth of hips of wild rose. From a long cough it is useful to use warm badger fat, honey with aloe juice, milk with butter.

What is the risk of infection?

In the absence of treatment or non-compliance with bed rest, dangerous complications of acute respiratory viral infection and influenza can develop. Osteitis, pneumonia, purulent inflammation in the sinus of the nose, myocarditis, inflammation of the brain, constant headache are rapidly joining the disease.

It may well after acute respiratory infections worsen chronic diseases. There are many cases when the transferred cold gives a serious complication to the kidneys, provoking pyelonephritis. Often, viral infections lead to inflammation in the larynx, pharynx, bronchi.

If you do not treat bronchitis at its very first stage, the chronic form of this disease develops, respiratory and heart failure. Details about why to treat ARVI, in the video in this article.

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