Allergic bronchitis - causes, symptoms, treatmentBronchi can become inflamed due to various reasons, one of which is an allergic reaction in which there is irritation in the nerves of the bronchi, there is an expansion of the blood vessels, a contraction of the muscles. Because of this, a strong cough appears, which is a symptom of allergic bronchitis.
Completely cure this disease is impossible, now allergists are specially immunological treatment, when little by little they are accustomed to the body to the allergen, in this situation it is necessary to learn about irritants in order to prevent contact with it and relieve allergic bronchitis.
Causes of allergic bronchitis
Allergic reaction can be seasonal on the flowering of different plants, household chemicals, dust. Symptoms can be different from atopic dermatitis to hives. Often in children, allergic bronchitis can be provoked by food products, cosmetology, because of this there are bouts of coughing.
The main cause of bronchitis is the allergen, when a person inhales it, it settles on the bronchi. Most often on feathers of birds, pollen, some animals, different types of dust. Allergic bronchitis can be triggered by medication, bacteria.
The disease can be a consequence of permanent viral bronchitis, which already have a chronic character. It is necessary to consult a doctor in time, so you can prevent further complications, bronchial asthma, an allergic form of obstructive bronchitis may appear.
Symptoms of allergic bronchitis
Constantly worried about a strong, stubborn cough, which worsens at night. At the same time, the body temperature does not increase, it can rarely be observed 37.5 degrees. A person weakens, feels bad, his health worsens, especially when a person comes into contact with allergens.
First there is a strong cough, it is dry, after it can gradually be moistened, it becomes difficult for a person to breathe, dyspnea may appear. The doctor can hear wheezing, they can be different from someone with phlegm, others with whistling and dry.
Allergic bronchitis can be easily distinguished from bronchial asthma. With her rales can be heard on exhalation. With allergic bronchitis the bronchi may swell, they narrow considerably, because of this a person suffocating, which resembles bronchial asthma.
In some situations, in addition to coughing, rhinitis may occur, a large amount of mucus is released from the nose, due to the fact that the allergen affects the paranasal sinuses, then the mucosa changes. In the future, the inflammatory process in the trachea, larynx can begin.
If the disease begins to worsen, the patient's condition can deteriorate significantly, the patient weakens, Despite the fact that the patient has a normal body temperature, a person may begin to suffer severe chills. In the bronchi can accumulate a large amount of mucus, so a lot of sputum is released. With the help of a blood test you can learn about allergic bronchitis, the level of leukocytes, eosinophils rises.
On x-rays with allergic bronchitis it is seen that the lung tissue is transparent, the blood vessels change significantly. The disease occurs at different ages in both children and adults. Most often, a persistent cough worries at night, while the body temperature is normal, the child is greatly weakened, he has lethargy, he can sweat much.
The acute form of allergic bronchitis can be observed up to one month, it is necessary to start treating the disease in time, so that it does not develop into bronchial asthma.
Treatment of allergic bronchitis
With the help of medications, you can get rid of the symptoms that are typical for allergies, most often use antihistamines. To make it easier for a person to breathe, it is necessary to use bronchodilators, expectorants.
You can remove symptoms with Diazolin, Suprastin, Tavegil. In the treatment can prescribe expectorant drugs, effective treatment Broncholithine, Pertussin, Mukaltin, Bromheksinom, well helps chest cough. Most often they can use bronchodilators, with the help of them you can relax the bronchial muscles, they expand the bronchi. Treated Intalom, Lecrolin, Cromosol, Zaditenom.
Also use bronchodilators in the form of an aerosol, with the help of them you can relieve the symptoms of cough, cure allergic bronchitis, asthma. Recommended treatment Fenoterol, Salbutamol, Hexaprenaline.
In severe situations, glucocorticoids are used, effective treatment with beclomethasone, flunisolide. Please note that for a long time you can not use medicines, because of them, the inflammation can worsen even more.
In modern medicine, immunotherapy is used, with the help of which it can adapt the body to different allergens.
Folk treatment of allergic bronchitis
To remove excess sputum, you need to use licorice root, not more than two tablespoons, and also effectively add dill, calendula. All you need to pour boiling water, boil 20 minutes, insist. You can add leaves of plantain, mother-and-stepmother.
Allergic bronchitis can be cured with a decoction of viburnum with the addition of honey. In order to cook it, you need to take 250 ml of water, honey, berries of the viburnum. Also add the root of the althea, chamomile, sweet clover. Insist half an hour. Eat twice a day.
To get rid of the dry cough that disturbs allergic bronchitis, you need to prepare on the basis of honey, aloe, "Cahors." Everything is thoroughly mixed, heated, infused for 3 hours.
So, allergic bronchitis can not be started, it needs to be treated in time, so that it does not develop into bronchial asthma, pneumonia and other life-threatening diseases. Especially dangerous is an allergic bronchitis for a child.
Allergic bronchitis is most common in young children. This disease must be recognized as early as possible, because otherwise it can go to bronchial asthma. Therefore, people who have such a diagnosis should be observed by a specialist.
What causes the disease?Allergic bronchitis differs from other forms of this pathology, primarily, by the causes that provoke its development. If the usual inflammation of the bronchi causes bacteria or viruses, then the cause of this disease are allergens. Symptoms of allergic bronchitis may appear after contact with allergens, for example, with hair or saliva animals, pollen, some food products, household chemicals, medicines and vaccines.
It should be noted that allergic bronchitis is one of the varieties of chronic bronchitis. Consequently, the main signs of these two diseases are the same - it is shortness of breath and cough.
Also chronic bronchitis includes dust. This occupational pathology occurs in adults, it develops as a result of prolonged (during 10-15 years) contact with dust. The emergence of the disease can contribute to contaminated with harmful to health gases working rooms, poor climatic conditions, persistent hypothermia or overheating, lung or upper respiratory tract disease, and smoking. Experts note that dust bronchitis is almost always obstructive, because it is accompanied by changes in the bronchial tree, which lead to the development of obstruction already at the very beginning of the disease.
What are the symptoms of the disease?
Only the doctor can diagnose the diagnosis by conducting a differential diagnosis of allergic bronchitis with bronchitis having a different etiology. Symptoms of the disease appear immediately after contact with the allergen. Allergic bronchitis is accompanied by a paroxysmal and dry cough that intensifies at night. During an exacerbation, the patient may have signs of rhinitis, as well as laryngitis, diathesis, tracheitis, etc. With auscultation, the doctor can hear dry or wet rales. Body temperature, unlike other forms of bronchitis, may increase slightly or even remain normal.
Dyspnea with allergic bronchitis is not expressed too much, so the general condition of the patient can be satisfactory or moderate severity. In general, with allergic bronchitis, the symptoms of the disease are rather mild, and they can be completely eliminated by simply eliminating contact with the allergen. The disease lasts for a long time, with alternating periods of remission and exacerbation.
Dust obstructive bronchitis, which occurs mainly in adults, develops very slowly. At first the patient begins to cough, and cough is observed with dry, with difficultly separated sputum. For these symptoms a person can for a long time not pay any attention. Many patients go to doctors only when their temperature rises and seizures appear a strong cough that suggests that the inflammatory process develops in the bronchopulmonary apparatus.
Allergic bronchitis in children is accompanied by frequent attacks of persistent and persistent cough, which usually occur at night. Body temperature can remain normal, and can rise to subfebrile values. The sick child becomes sluggish, capricious and irritable.
Determine what exactly the child has an allergy, can only a qualified doctor after carrying out special tests. After the allergen has been eliminated, the symptoms of the disease will disappear. On how to treat children with bronchitis and other diseases that cause cough, Dr. Komarovsky wrote a whole book that will be interesting to caring parents.
How to treat allergic bronchitis?In order to cure a person suffering from allergic bronchitis, it is necessary to identify the allergen and to exclude contact with it. After that, the symptoms of the disease can completely disappear, and the patient will be able to return to normal life.
If the food allergy, then the patient is prescribed a hypoallergenic diet. In adults, such a diet should last for 2-3 weeks, and for children - 7-10 days. At the same time, the products that most often cause allergic reactions (for example, peanuts, chocolate and coffee), replacing them with hypoallergenic ones (for example, beef, buckwheat porridge and tea).
During the first 5-7 days of the disease, treatment is carried out with antihistamines (suprastin, tavegil, ketotifen). It is prescribed to the patient and polyphepan or activated charcoal, since these drugs are able to bind allergens that are in the human body and remove them through the gastrointestinal tract.
In order to cure the patient, alkaline inhalations are used, as well as inhalations with various expectorants. For example, Lazolvan is often used, the main component, which is ambroxol, which has an expectorant and mucolytic effect. Improving the condition of the sick will also help hardening, physical exercises and physiotherapy.
Often a component of therapy for allergic bronchitis is treated with a variety of folk remedies. But not all patients know that any folk recipes can be used only after consulting a doctor, because herbs, rhizomes and other parts of plants can provoke an allergy and cause an exacerbation of the disease.
When treated with folk remedies, infusion of yarrow, ledum and guelder rose is often done. For its preparation, a teaspoon of dry raw material is poured into a glass of boiling water, then insisted and filtered. Ready infusion take three times a day for 2 tablespoons.
Treatment of allergic bronchitis should not be postponed, in fact with time it can develop into bronchial asthma. And self-treatment should not be engaged, it is necessary to consult a doctor, because only he knows how to identify the cause of the disease, how to eliminate it and how to treat.
Features of treatment of allergic bronchitis
Any disease requires treatment, and allergic bronchitis is no exception. This is a complex and responsible matter, since this disease without proper treatment can lead to sad consequences. The most important thing is to identify the disease and determine the cause, because of which it appeared. Only then proceed to treatment.
With what it is necessary to begin?
Allergic bronchitis is a disease that is hard to get rid of, and in a short time it's impossible to do it. That is why he is treated for a long time, in a comprehensive and systematic way. It is very important to use only an individual approach in treatment, since allergies can occur in every person because of different allergens.
The main method of treatment is a combination of specific forms of treatment and nonspecific.In the specific therapy is the hypensensibilization of the allergen.In the process of this therapy, there are a number of procedures that are aimed at reducing the sensitivity of the body to a specific allergen. If we describe this process schematically, then for a long time the human body is administered the allergen in therapeutic doses, after a while the concentration is increased. Injections of this genus are carried out every four to five days.
The medicine in small amounts is injected only under the skin, but if the dose is large, from 0.5 to 0.9 ml, then it is injected into the shoulder or also under the skin. During the whole time, it is necessary to carry out an analysis of the skin reaction. There are only a few evaluation options:
- if the papule is larger than 20 mm, then this is a warning signal that a generalized reaction can develop;
- if the size of the papule is more than thirty millimeters, the dose must be reduced, but the interval of the injection should be increased.
Once the tolerance of the allergen is normal, it is possible to begin to treat allergies with special support devices. This means that the duration of breaks between each injection is significantly increased.
The patient is administered the drug after one to two weeks. Supportive drugs are prescribed for two years.
Treatment of allergic bronchitis in adults
Treat allergic bronchitis in adults with special means, as this is not an infectious disease and it will not help expectorant, antibacterial and mucolytic drugs.
Of course, before the appointment of treatment you need to determine the allergen and completely remove it from the food and the patient's environment. In order to find it, you need to conduct a blood test and skin tests. A full and high-quality treatment for allergies will be possible if the source of the disease is correctly established.
Completely all treatment of adults from such a disease as allergic bronchitis can be divided into four components:
- Eliminate the pathogen. If the allergen is in food, then it must necessarily be excluded. Even those highly allergenic foods that were not detected in the tests should still be removed from the diet. This must be done in order to restore immunity to normal.
- The use of antihistamines.
If there is a mixed type of disease, then it is necessary to use aerosols or drops, sometimes there are ointments.
- Improved immunity. Increase immunity can only be through proper nutrition, moderate exercise and hardening.
- Additional treatment. To such treatment it is possible to carry a physiotherapy and a homeopathy. All these methods help to reduce the manifestation of allergies.
During the treatment of allergic bronchitis you need to pay attention to all your negative habits and conditions of life. Sometimes with such a disease advised to abandon the harmful work or from a contaminated place of residence. For a quick recovery, you need fresh air, sun and water. It is also very important to follow a diet. Foods should be high in calories and have lots of vitamins.
Treatment of bronchitis with folk remedies
In addition to the standard drug treatment, folk remedies can be used. But remember that they will not replace the main treatment, it is only a minor intervention in the medical process. Virtually every folk remedy in the treatment of bronchitis is aimed at reducing the symptom such as coughing. To withdraw phlegm from the bronchi, you need to take a tincture from the root of licorice, calendula flowers and dill seeds. All this pour boiling water and insist for 15 minutes. Take tincture should be before meals three times a day for two weeks. If desired, you can use other herbs. Be careful - take only proven tinctures.
But still the best option for the treatment of allergic bronchitis is honey and aloe. To make a mixture, you need to take a glass of liquid honey, cut into small pieces of aloe leaves and good cahors. The ingredients need to be mixed together. Next, boil in a water bath and then put in a cool place. Most importantly, they can not be placed in the refrigerator. Take necessary three times a week for half an hour before meals.
It is important to remember that you can use folk remedies only if the disease is not started. And again, only an expert will be able to determine this precisely, so without him you should not start treatment even with folk remedies. When you want to prescribe yourself treatment yourself, think about the fact that due to improper treatment you can come from an allergic bronchitis to bronchial asthma, and this is much worse and more dangerous.
Treatment of bronchitis in children
It is important to take antihistamines when treating an infant's allergic bronchitis. They are prescribed only by a doctor, since it is necessary to correctly calculate the dose in accordance with the weight. Preparations for cough should be given only at night, so that nothing disturbs the child's sleep. But expectorant medications can be given quite calmly throughout the day.
The nebulizer helps the best, with the help of it you can directly deliver the medicine to the bronchi. Basically, Ambroxol is such a medicine. Remember that completely everything for treatment should be prescribed by a doctor. When allergic bronchitis is not even worth trying to prescribe antibiotics, since they are useless.
The most successful decision in the treatment of bronchitis in children is hypensensitivity. Thanks to her, there is not even the slightest chance that bronchial asthma can develop. Such therapy is considered nonspecific, so not all doctors prefer to use it.
As for folk methods for the treatment of children, it's hard not to experiment here. Since children are quite capricious, not everyone will drink tincture from the string or from hay. Therefore, we will have to find more traditional methods. Of course, there are plenty of folk remedies, and for children they are the same as for adults.
As it was said earlier, it is not necessary to lean on folk remedies, as they can not always help, and in some cases even cause an allergic reaction. That's why you first need to determine what can cause allergies. And plus everything consult with your doctor, can you give this or that tincture to your child.
Treatment of bronchitis should be correct and qualitative - then the disease will not develop. But prevention is no less important. If you or your child feel any malaise, you should immediately get rid of the stimulus and begin to treat the possible pathology of the respiratory system.
Bronchitis is allergic - how is it manifested
Such an ailment is observed in patients with attacks of bronchial asthma. Bronchitis is allergic - how is it manifested? Usually patients with allergic bronchitis complain of coughing and shortness of breath. In dormancy, difficulty breathing with bronchitis of this type is imperceptible, but during conversation it appears quite often.
Bronchitis is allergic - how does it manifest itself in diagnosis?Yandex. Direct
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Cough has a paroxysmal character, when examined and percussion is detected pulmonary emphysema. Listened weak or hard breathing with an extended exhalation and the presence of dry, mostly rancid rales.
Bronchitis allergic can be observed in the form of dry catarrh. Very often when coughing is attacked, sputum with eosinophil content in mucus lumps, spirals Kurshmana and Charcot-Leiden crystals is an eosinophilic catarrh of the bronchi and usually find eosinophilia in the blood.
Allergic bronchitis can include bronchitis, which is accompanied by a cough with abundant discharge of liquid sputum to several hundred cubic centimeters per day (bronchitis pituiosa). Most often, phlegm resembles blood serum, and doctors call this bronchitis serous. In liquid sputum a very small amount of protein, and the suggestion that sputum occurs when sweat into the lumen of the bronchial tubes of the blood serum is disproved. This kind of bronchitis is associated with an allergy on the basis ofobligations of sputum in bronchial asthma (moist asthma). Allergic bronchitis is observed as a result of defeat of the vagus nerve.
Patients on coughing almost do not complain, and ascultation with allergic bronchitis gives distinct signs of changes in the bronchi - this is hard breathing. Wet, fine bubbling rales, dry wheezes. There are no percussion changes, with pronounced congestion manifested with allergic bronchitis blunting percussion sound in the lower parts of the lungs. If swelling of the lung tissue is seen, this leads to a decrease in noise in the lungs. When coughing, patients cough up serous-mucous sputum, which has a yellowish color or contains lumps, which speaks of "cells of cardiac malformations." These are cells with a round nucleus and interspersed pigmented grains in the protoplasm, which contain iron (hemosiderin). Cells are found not only in the alveoli, but also in the intermediate tissue they are considered monocytes and histo-cytes, which contain hemosiderin. In sputum, bronchitis also finds impurities of blood, with stagnation of the lung hemoptysis occurs.
Bronchitis is allergic and its complications
Sputum in congestive allergic bronchitis contains protein, and the edematous origin of the bronchial secretion is observed. A large selection of sputum with pus indicates that bronchitis has joined the bronchus due to auto-exoinfection. On x-ray images with allergic bronchitis clearly manifested pronounced pulmonary pattern, diffuse darkening, sometimes reveal in the pulmonary fields large focal shadows, which are mistaken for tuberculosis, heart attack, pneumonic foci. Shadows can disappear with an improved diuresis, under the influence of the merkuzala. In rare cases, allergic bronchitis is observed changes in the radiographic image, which resemble miliary tuberculosis of the lungs.