Ingavirin is an antiviral drug. The active ingredient of the drug is imidazolylethanamide of pentanedioic acid or vitaglutam, which appeared during the development of the medicine for allergies.
It is active against influenza A viruses (A / H1N1, including "swine" A / H1N1 swl, A / H3N2, A / H5N1) and type B, adenovirus infection, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial infection.
On this page you will find all information about Ingavirin: the full instructions for use on this medication, average prices in pharmacies, complete and incomplete analogs of the drug, as well as reviews of people who have already used Ingavirin. Want to leave your opinion? Please write in the comments.
Clinical and pharmacological group
Conditions of leave from pharmacies
Released without a doctor's prescription.
How much does Ingavirin cost? The average price in pharmacies is at the level of400 rubles.
Form of issue and composition
The preparation is issued in the form of capsules of size 2, with a white logo on the cap of the capsule in the form of the letter "I" inside the ring, filled with granules and a powder of almost white or white color; it is allowed to compact the filler, which is eliminated with a weak mechanical action:
- dosage of 30 mg: blue (7 pcs. in contour mesh packages, in a pack of 1 or 2 packs);
- dosage of 60 mg: yellow (7 pcs. in contour cell packs, in pack 1 package);
- dosage of 90 mg: red (7 pcs. in contour cellular packs, in pack 1 packing).
Composition per 1 capsule:
- active ingredient: vitaglutam (imidazolylethanamide pentanedioic acid) - 30, 60 or 90 mg;
- auxiliary ingredients: lactose monohydrate, potato starch, silicon dioxide colloid (aerosil), magnesium stearate;
- Inks for applying the logo: shellac, titanium dioxide, propylene glycol.
Has antiviral effect, is effective against influenza viruses of types A (A / H1 N1, including "pig" A / H1 N1 swl, A / H3N2, A / H5N1), type B, adenovirus infection, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial infection. The antiviral mechanism of action is associated with the suppression of virus reproduction at the nuclear phase, delayed migration of the newly synthesized NP virus from the cytoplasm to the nucleus.
According to the instructions for use Ingavirin:
- significantly reduces the period of temperature increase.
With ARVI, fever usually lasts 2-4 days, and with flu, up to 5 days. When treating Ingavirin, the duration of this stage of the disease is reduced by 1-2 days;
- -increases the intoxication.
Viruses secrete toxins, which, absorbed into the blood, cause headache, weakness. Influenza viruses are more toxic than pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections, so there are severe joint and muscle pains and dizziness in the flu. Inhavirin reduces the intensity of these manifestations, which are practically not stopped by symptomatic means;
- helps reduce catarrhal symptoms.
It can not be said that taking Ingavirin will completely relieve a patient with flu or ARVI from rhinorrhea or sneezing attacks. However, the intensity of catarrhal manifestations will still decrease. With the combined use of Ingavirin and symptomatic agents, the effect will be even more pronounced;
- helps to reduce the duration of the disease.
It is appropriate to recall again folklore, which speaks of weekly self-cure for influenza and ARVI. According to research data, Ingavirin significantly reduces the duration of influenza and SARS for 1-3 days. Thus, you can stand on your feet not in seven, but in six days. And, if the immune system is in perfect order, then you have every chance to get back to work four days after the onset of the disease;
- helps reduce the number of complications.
As many people know, the main danger of influenza and ARVI is not in the infection itself, but in its possible complications. The likelihood of additional bacterial infection is high enough in young children, the elderly and patients with a decreased immune response. Note that the attachment of a bacterial infection automatically means the subsequent administration of antibiotics as first-line drugs.
The use of this drug reduces the likelihood of complications of viral infections.
Is Ingavirin an antibiotic or not?
Doctors respond that Ingavirin is not an antibiotic, as it does not have a harmful effect on various pathogenic and opportunistic bacteria. Ingavirin is an antiviral agent, that is, it has a harmful effect solely on viruses.
Therefore, if a person has a bacterial infection, then Ingavirin will be useless and in this case he needs to take antibiotics. To distinguish bacterial infection from viral is very simple - if there is a purulent discharge (yellow or green snot, purulent coating on the tonsils, etc.), the disease is caused by bacteria and antibiotics are necessary for its treatment.
If there is no purulent discharge, then it is a viral infection, in which the medication will be effective.
Indications for use
The antiviral drug is prescribed in the following cases:
- prevention and treatment of influenza A and B;
- other ARVI (respiratory syncytial infection, parainfluenza, adenovirus infection).
- pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding;
- age to 18 years;
- the presence of individual intolerance of the constituents of the drug.
Contraindicated in children and adolescents under 18 years for the indication "Prevention of influenza A and B and other ARVI"; in children under 7 years of age (for Ingavirin 60 mg) for indication "Treatment of influenza A and B and other ARVI (adenovirus infection, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial infection)."
Application in pregnancy and lactation
Inhavirin has no toxic effect on the embryo, on reproductive function, and there is no teratogenic effect. But this issue has not been thoroughly studied. Clinical studies have not been conducted.
To avoid negative consequences, the drug is contraindicated in pregnant women. With the development of infection and the need for treatment with the drug during breastfeeding, it is necessary to temporarily switch to artificial feeding.
Instructions for use
In the instructions for use it is indicated that the capsules of Ingavirin should be taken orally, swallowing whole, without cracking, not chewing, not cutting and not spilling out its contents, but with a small amount of water (half the glass is enough). Capsules are taken regardless of food intake, that is, you can drink Ingavirin at any time convenient for a person.
- For treatment of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections, Ingavirin should be taken at 90 mg (1 capsule 90 mg or 3 capsules of 30 mg) once a day for 5 to 7 days, depending on the severity of the course of the disease. Begin taking Ingavirin from the very first signs of the flu or ARVI. However, if for any reason to start taking Ingavirin immediately after the onset of symptoms of the disease is impossible, then it is optimal to do it within the next 36 hours. If more than 36 hours have passed since the first signs of the disease, then you can start taking Ingavirin, but its effectiveness will be much lower.
For the prevention of influenza and acute respiratory viral infection in the period of mass epidemics or after contact with already infected people Ingavirin it is necessary to take 90 mg (1 capsule 90 mg or 3 capsules of 30 mg) once a day for a week.
The drug is well tolerated by patients, but with increased individual sensitivity to the components of the drug, the following side effects may develop:
- Stool disorder;
- Pain in the stomach, nausea, a feeling of heaviness;
- Allergic reactions of the skin - a rash, hives, itching, burning, redness.
As a rule, cases of development of side effects are single, not dangerous and do not require the abolition of treatment.
Practically and theoretically it is impossible. Such cases are not described.
- The drug does not have mutagenic, immunotoxic, allergic and carcinogenic properties, does not have a local irritant effect. The drug Ingavirin does not affect reproductive function, does not have embryotoxic and teratogenic effects.
- On the parameters of acute toxicity, Ingavirin belongs to the 4th toxicity class - "Malotoxic substances" (when determining LD50 in acute toxicity experiments, lethal doses of the drug could not be determined).
Ingavirin does not have a sedative effect, does not affect the speed of the psychomotor reaction, the drug can be apply to people of various professions, including requiring increased attention and coordination of movements.
Capsules Ingavirin increase the antitumor effect of cytostatics. In addition, imidazolylethanamide pentanedioic acid reduces the toxic effect of cyclophosphamide and its combinations with platinum preparations.
It is not recommended to take other antiviral drugs at the same time.
We picked up some of the people's comments about Ingavirin:
- Eugene. As a dead poultice - it's all about "Ingavirin". Advised the pharmacist, but to me, to be honest, this drug did not help at all. Simply thrown away money, and in fact it costs a lot. Whether the virus is mutated, whether it's the matter in the most active substance that works selectively is incomprehensible.
- Maria. Very good remedy against viruses of various colds and other autumn and winter troubles. Personally, I tried a lot, but it's always Ingavirin that helps me to be free. The main condition is to start taking ingavirin as soon as possible - as soon as I feel I'm starting to get sick, I start drinking right away. A total of one tablet per day is obtained. Much faster everything passes, and the temperature, and all the unpleasant symptoms. In general, everything immediately as it comes to naught. What I like is that you only need to drink one pill once a day. In addition, the treatment process for only 5-7 days. The price of the issue is also more than acceptable, I last bought Ingavirin near the house, somewhere around 500 rubles was worth packing. Autumn begins, it's time to think about how not to get sick and how to be treated, if suddenly you feel that something has gone wrong and the common cold and viruses are coming.
- Catherine. As the cold starts, I have a runny nose and a weakness. Has tried a heap of various preparations, has stopped on ингавирине. First, it helps, I get less sick, I lose less in salary, I do not go to sick leave. Secondly, the price suits me. I took it before going to bed, and in the morning there was no weakness from the cold. Although the doctor advises them not to get carried away, it can accumulate in the body. You can take it for prevention, but you also need to be careful. I took it for 7 days, the effect was visible after the second day. True, there were some disorders with the stomach, but this is temporary, then everything is normalized. I advise you to take it, but not more than the time that the doctor will tell you. I wish you a successful recovery.
- Olga. My husband really loves this drug, and I'm pretty skeptical. A little feeling that he falls ill, immediately drinks it. The last case: after the NG, the husband felt that he was falling ill (malaise, weakness, the tempo increased to the low-grade figures), took Ingavirin, the next day the rate went up to 38.5, got a sore throat, added pills from the pain in the throat. On the morning of the 3rd day the rate returned to normal, by the evening throat passed. Another couple of days I took Ingavirin "for fidelity". I was impressed that I got to my feet in 3 days).
The doctors' reviews of Ingavirin 60 and 90 mg, as well as other expert reviews, are reduced to approximately one: each drug is prescribed individually, depending on the characteristics of the patient. With proper use, Ingavirin quickly eliminates the symptoms of the disease and effectively fights the virus.
Structural analogs for the active substance:
Also, Ingavirin has a substitute for curative action. These are funds with a different composition, but which cause the same effect when applied. Cheap analogues of Ingavirin - names and average prices:
- Amizon - 195 - 254 rubles;
- Arbidol - 150 - 250 rubles;
- Giporamin - 120 - 160 rubles;
- Kagocel - 210 - 240 rubles;
- Oxolin 20 - 60 rubles;
- Ergoferon - 250 - 390 rubles.
Before using analogues, consult your doctor.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Shelf life of the drug is 24 months from the date of manufacture date indicated on the package. Store the capsules at room temperature in a place inaccessible to children.
After the expiration date the drug should not be taken orally.
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