Symptoms of a cold

What to do with the very first signs of a cold? urgently!! you are welcome!



Colds include a number of diseases caused by hypothermia.
Symptoms: General malaise, cough, runny nose, sometimes fever. Symptoms do not appear momentarily and do not go away right away, some, for example, a runny nose or cough, can last for a long time. It is possible to reduce the sense of smell. Sometimes padding and noise in the ears, weakness.
Non-traditional and popular methods of treatment and prevention of colds:
1) Grind to a pecker-like condition 500 gr. peeled onions, add 2 tablespoons of honey, 400 gr. sugar and cook not slowly in 1L. water for 3 hours. Cool and drain. Store in a tightly closed container in the refrigerator. Take a mixture of warm 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day.
2) Have a daily baked onion before noticeable improvement. A roasted blouse, unlike a fresh one, can be eaten without restrictions.
3) At the first signs of a cold, lightly heat half a liter of milk and pour a fresh chicken egg into it and add 1 teaspoon of honey and butter. Thoroughly stir everything and drink at night. By morning, the malaise will pass.

4) Sprinkle mustard powder in stockings or socks and walk for several days.
5) Grate garlic on a small grater and mix it with honey in the ratio:. Before going to bed take 1 teaspoon, washing with warm water.
6) Grind to a pecker-like condition 100 gr. onions and pour 40ml. table vinegar, insist for half an hour in a tightly closed container, then strain and mix with 4 tablespoons of honey. Take this mixture 1 teaspoon every half hour.
7) Wipe through a sieve ripe bananas and put them in a pan with hot water at the rate of 2 bananas per 1 cup of boiled water with sugar. Warm up and drink this mixture.
8) Cut small cubes of black radish and put it in a saucepan with sugar. Bake in the oven for 2 hours. Strain and drain the liquid into a bottle. Drink 2 teaspoons 4-5 times a day and at night before bedtime.
9) Grind 2 egg yolks of raw eggs with sugar, add butter and take between meals.
10) Before going to bed and day it is useful to spend 15-20 minutes of steam inhalation with garlic-honey mixture. After inhalation it is very good to get warm, go to bed and take 2-3 tablespoons of honey with tea from dry raspberries.
11) take 1 part of the linden flowers and 1 part of the raspberry fruit. 2 tablespoons of the mixture pour 2 cups of boiling water. Boil for 5-10 minutes and strain. Drink hot at night for 1-2 cups.
12) Take 40gr. fruits of raspberries and leaves of mother-and-stepmother. Pour 2 glasses of water and boil for 20 minutes. Drink before going to bed for 1-2 glasses.
13) In the first days of a cold, drink a glass of warm boiled water with 5 drops of iodine dissolved in it, after which chew a clove of garlic.
14) Pour 1 teaspoon of dried powdered dandelion roots with a glass of boiling water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool and strain. Take 1 tablespoon 4-6 times a day.
15) 1 tablespoon dry chopped mug leaf pour 1 cup boiling water, insist 15 minutes, cool to room temperature. Take 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day. With sore throat rinse with this infusion of the throat.

anna kochanova

drink a coldroom, it helps!
drink together a tablet of analgin and aspirin, also helps in the initial stage)

just me

In short, I do so I eat garlic, onion, lemon, honey, I do not drink pills at all


And I do this: I squeeze out the orange juice, I pour in the razed tablet of paracetamol (+ analgin, if the head hurts and fever) and drink it. Well helps!


it is necessary to suck, very long

Irina Danilenko

Drink the simplest tablets - paracetamol.
This medicine is based on everything dear from the common cold.
And the rinse is necessary, it is better to add tea tree oil to the rinse water, but it is very nasty. Rinse with salt or soda.

Lyudmila Gushchina

Get on a hunger strike. If you can not, exclude urgently from the food milk, meat products, nuts. Drink one-time 1 gr. ascorbic (preferably effervescent so as not to irritate the stomach). Lemon does not eat - it's an alkaline product, although it quenches thirst well. With a cold, tea should be acidified with a teaspoon of apple or grape vinegar. Rinse your nose and throat. salt solution, preferably sea salt (1 teaspoon per glass of water).


2 tablets remantadine + koldraks (aspirin) + cup of tea with honey, after 4 hours to repeat and tomorrow you are in the ranks! Verified!


antigrippin (or koldreks) (3-4 pokateika per day), in breaks every hour to drink raspberries with lemon, a spoonful of honey you eat, at night - a tablet of acetylsalicylic acid.. it is possible still kakon-any immunostimulirujushchee an agent (at me arbidolum). a lot of course - but to be more reliable

Larisa Muzinova

Eyamenol is a classy remedy. It is possible at the first symptoms of cold to begin rubbing this ointment. You know, like as badger fat. Just fat, like I can not force myself to rub myself, somehow it's breezy to me. And this ointment also helps perfectly and does not cause any unpleasant associations.

Larisa Makarova

Hi everyone! Girls, it's a pity you did not get a good doctor. Here's my, just wonderful, always says, preventive maintenance in time pass, then do not wake up. The simplest thing that all can do is walk more, play sports. And as an additional protection in the season of colds - this is the oil of the breath. What's good, he and the children can. I always kiss my daughter in front of the kindergarten on the collar of my dress, and also to my blouse (right at work). And then all around sneeze, and that would not get sick, of course the body helps. This year, did not get sick!

Yevgenia Roganova

Listen, and I ointment the evamenol directly in a nose I smear with a rhinitis. Means good, natural. And what I still really like, with a cold, it can be used, as much as 10 days (and a maximum of 5 drops). Therefore it is natural that I use ointment.

What should I do with the first signs of a cold?

Chto delat pri pervyih priznakah prostudyiCatarrhal diseases are rather the commonness of our time, rather than some frightening pathology. After all, during the season change, as well as in bad weather, it is only necessary to go out on the street, as there is a risk of catching up some kind of viral infection, which is defined by medical terms as ARVI, and in the people - usual cold.

About the virus

Even a child knows that a runny nose, cough, sore throat and high body temperature are the first symptoms of a cold. If we talk about some medical terms, then ARVI is manifested by the inflammatory process of the upper respiratory tract. This means that a person begins to rapidly develop rhinitis, bronchitis and pharyngitis - that is, all those diseases that are of a viral nature.

As soon as the virus enters the human body, the temperature begins to rise due to the fact that the protective functions of the body are activated. That is, the immunity begins to fight the virus by 100%.

But, some of us do not like being in the so-called catarrhal condition. Someone wants to get out at work faster, someone needs to attend an important event or a meeting, so you can not get sick. In this case, the patient goes to the nearest pharmacy and buys absolutely all medications that fight the first symptoms of a cold. Is this correct and really cold treated only in this way? We will try to find answers to these questions in this article.

The first signs of a cold

Consider the first signs of a cold - what are they?

The first symptoms of a cold are almost identical in both adults and children. Initially, in the first few hours from the moment the virus enters the human body, there is an itch and a slight burning sensation in the nose. I want to constantly scratch the nasal sinuses and sneeze. Next, itch and redden the eyes, there is tear. After a person overcomes a cold and begins to perspire in the throat.

The patient is overcome by a cold and by the end of the day there is:

  • Strong headache;
  • Desire to get enough sleep and get into bed quickly;
  • Dry cough;
  • Redness of throat;
  • Sneezing;
  • The state of weakness, increased fatigue;
  • Unbearable pain in the muscles and joints - creates the feeling that they are twisting.
  • Chills;
  • Fever and fever.

In some clinical cases, the first symptom is a rapid increase in body temperature to a level of 38 degrees Celsius and even higher. If it is a question of small children, at them the cold can begin with a vomiting reflex. Children begin to refuse to eat, they may have trouble sleeping, they become listless and they get tired very quickly. If the child is naughty, cries, does not want to play and eat, then necessarily measure his body temperature and see if his throat is red. A little later the baby may show a cough, it will sneeze, and plenty of mucus will flow from the nasal sinuses.

With a sharp increase in temperature, children may get convulsed, and in some cases, a fainting condition may occur. In such clinical cases, you must always call an ambulance and in no case do self-medication.

First aid for the first signs of a cold

How should first aid look at the first signs of a cold? Doctors warn that in no case should not suffer a cold on your feet. It is necessary to comply with bed rest, and even more so if you have a high fever. If you decide to go to work or to study in a cold state, then it is advisable to wear a mask in order to avoid contamination of people around you. Remember that the mask needs to be changed every 3 hours, otherwise there will be no effect.

The room where the patient is located should be carefully ventilated, cleaned and provide a constant supply of fresh air.

The third obligatory point is to drink a large amount of warm liquid. It can be like ordinary boiled water, and tea with lemon and honey, compote of dried fruits, chamomile and linden, broth of wild rose (it contains a large amount of vitamin C), as well as warm tea with raspberry jam and black currant. It is not necessary for colds to drink tea or coffee, as well as hot chocolate - these drinks do not benefit. It is very useful to drink warm cow's milk with the addition of honey.

If we talk about nutrition, it is desirable to reduce the number of fatty, fried, spicy dishes. During the period of treatment it is recommended to use broths, rare vegetable soups and porridges.


With an abundant rhinitis, it is recommended to thoroughly wash the nasal sinuses with saline solutions, which can be purchased at the pharmacy or prepared independently. From pharmacy funds, Aquamaris and Salin compete well with the first symptoms of the common cold. You can also take 1 tsp. salt and dissolve it in liters of warm boiled water, it is desirable to add a few drops of iodine to enhance the anti-inflammatory and disinfecting effect. The nose should be washed and cleaned of mucus 2-3 times a day (and more if the mucus is released abundantly).

To remove redness in the throat and get rid of perspiration and cough, you need to start from the first days of the disease gargle with baking soda. Take 1 tsp. for 250 ml of warm water. In the pharmacy for these purposes you can buy furatsilin.

Ease breathing will help steam inhalation with the addition of essential oil spruce, fir and eucalyptus. After you have cleared the nasal sinuses from the mucus, you need to dip your nose with interferon leukocyte (5 drops in each nasal sinus). If there is no interferon at hand, then using the drops Derinat, only use them every 2 hours.

At the first sign of a cold, it will not be superfluous to take 1 tablet of Kagocella (only 2 tablets a day - in the morning and in the evening). If the body temperature does not rise, then a hot bath for the body is allowed. Also, it is not superfluous to get your feet in hot water with mustard.

If the disease develops very quickly, then come to the aid of combined funds in the form of Koldreks and Pentaflucin, as well as Fervex.

Symptoms of a cold

Such a disease, as a cold, absorbed acute respiratory diseases (ARI), caused by pathogenic bacteria, a number of viruses. Dampness, frost, rain or snow increase the susceptibility of people to infections. This is not a pleasant condition that lowers the immunity, weakens the body. Even in the heat, there are signs of illness in the child and in the adult.

The first signs of a cold

Harbinger of the disease - first unnoticed symptoms, if a person is immersed in some work or study for a long time. Saturated with anxiety, stress, time hides the initial manifestation of the disease. Immediately and do not notice when the disease began. At the first symptoms of a cold a person feels weakness, aches in joints, muscles, weak headaches. Symptoms occur and last for 2-7 days. For signs of seasonal illness, a common cold, fever, sore throat, sneezing, coughing, fatigue.

Runny nose in a girl

The disease must be treated, otherwise it will lead to complications. A rhinitis can pass in a genyantritis or a sinusitis, and the incorporated throat - in a laryngitis. Because of untimely treatment, permanent procrastination for tomorrow, the lungs can inflame, up to the development of bronchitis or pneumonia. To delay with treatment it is not necessary, in fact it even more threatens health.


As soon as a child's cold starts to appear, you have to take steps to give the child a medicine. For newborns and babies, there are special medications to not break their immunity, do not spoil the body with chemical drugs from an early age. Signs of an initial cold in a baby:

  • temperature;
  • dull eyes;
  • pale or scarlet cheeks;
  • nipples from the nose;
  • constant crying.

To a cold a newborn should be taken seriously, but without panic. It will be better if you call a professional doctor at home and consult with him. He will advise what medicines to take, so as not to harm the child's health. He will tell you how to dress him, what additional techniques or folk remedies to use to fully recover the baby.

The child is measuring the temperature

In adults

Diseases in women are not as painful as in babies, but they also have serious consequences. In adults, they can develop into the flu. In this case, a cold without a runny nose and cough. Increased fever and weakness are the main symptoms of influenza. In this case, a woman should be treated more diligently in order to rid her body of pests and restore her health. It is not enough to drink anti-cold powders. With flu or complications, it is recommended to drink medicines targeted.

The girl showed signs of a cold

Cold as a sign of pregnancy

Manifesting a cold before a delay can indicate pregnancy. On the chest, the venous "pattern" increases, the areoles become darker, and in some women, pigmented spots may appear. Abundant salivation or blood from the nose are also considered symptoms that indicate pregnancy. Increased gas production, constipation, cramps, runny nose and a slight temperature can be considered as the beginning of pregnancy.

Colds of a Pregnant Girl

Video: signs and treatment of colds

As you already know, the manifestation of the disease requires treatment. What should I take at the first sign of a cold? This question will be answered in a specially prepared video below. Not everyone knows what to do with the first symptoms, how to cure them not only in themselves, but also in the baby. Thanks to this material you will become the owner of valuable information and will be able to determine the disease in time.

Symptoms of colds in adults and their treatment

In general, getting cold is very easy and simple, but how to understand that this is a cold? Maybe it's just an allergy. After all, there are signs that are very similar to an allergy and determine that it is very difficult. This is what will be discussed later.

Signs and symptoms of colds in adults

As a rule, the common cold has its beginning with the symptoms of a common cold, cough or sore throat, which means that you have:

1. Strongly pawns the nose;

2. there will be a strong sneezing as a sign of a cold;

3. there will be rapid fatigue;

4. the body temperature will increase.

In general, every common cold is formed due to viruses that penetrate the body. Viruses can cause sore throat or cough, and then there is a real cold. The very first signs of a cold in adults, as a rule - is the stuffing of the nose. Most often it is watery mucus. Further, this mucus can become denser or darker. If the mucus is dark, then it means that you have a cold virus.

If you cough, then it's one hundred percent that you have a cold sign. As a rule, cough will not worsen, but thanks to it you can understand if you have a cold or it is absent. But do not think that if the cough does not deteriorate, then it will quickly pass, no. It can last a fairly long time, namely about two weeks of illness.

If you have other diseases, like asthma, then with a cold you can have complications that will not be able to rejoice. Also, there is a way to determine a bacterial infection. If you cough with black mucus, then you have bacteria.

Also, when a person has a cold, then he may have a fever. Do not forget about the temperature of the body, which can be slightly elevated. In general, the signs of a cold can last up to three days, if you count from the day when the infection actually occurred. When you catch a cold, there is a possibility that you can infect those with whom you communicate. So it's better to sit for a couple of days and not infect anyone.

How do the first manifestations of cold develop?

So the cold is very popular, and it is treated with great respect, because it can bring a lot of problems that you would not like. But how do you know if you have a cold? Here are some signs of a cold that can tell you are sick. As a rule, your throat starts to ache, your voice, cough may also begin to get lost. The temperature can rise, but not so much. Most people start to feel tired, although they did not do anything like that. As a rule, such manifestations of the disease can last up to ten days, which is quite a long time.

But how does the common cold spread? Why does it hurt so often? As a rule, all the blame is for the sick people who did not fully recover and went to work or somewhere else. Even if a sick person simply breathes in your direction, then there is already a weak risk of getting sick. Also, the cold virus can be in various subjects. It can be pens, cups. Yes, anything. Even if you sneeze, then this is a big sign that you will get sick.

Many people think that colds are often sick during the cold season, but this is far from the case. After all, as a rule, when it's cold, most people just sit at home. So the weather plays no role. As a rule, many are ill from contact with patients. After all, do not forget that very often children suffer from colds, from which you can not escape.

In general, it is worth paying close attention to the common cold. After all, this is a very unpleasant disease, which many people suffer from.

How to recognize the signs of colds?

The first sign is fever, weakness, headache, sore throat. It would seem that the signs are identical with other infections. But there is a characteristic difference, for example, in the common cold. Colds are accompanied by copious, watery, colorless secretions, which become more dense over time. Next cough. There is a cough, but it is not strong at all, a weak perspiration in the throat, which sometimes causes coughing or mild pain, only such a cough is accompanied by a cold.

Increased, but not overestimated temperature. Constant unpleasant body temperature of 37 and 7 can torture you for a week or two, but it will never rise above this mark, otherwise it is not a cold.

It is also possible that cold symptoms are signs of an allergy. The same symptoms as in colds are confusing, which leads to intensive treatment of colds, which in turn aggravates the course of allergies. If you have symptoms that are characteristic of a cold, but do not go away after one or two weeks, contact your doctor if you are allergic.

In general, everyone can catch a cold and make it so that it's not impossible to get sick, no matter what your body is, it's simply impossible. But if you notice signs of a cold in your body, then you need to start treatment immediately. It's better to lie down for two days than to suffer two weeks later. And the common cold is treated quite easily, so no one should have problems with it. The main thing is to start treatment in time, and then success is assured.

Features of cold treatment in adults

What to do if you have found signs of illness. Disease in ordinary cases proceeds easily. It is enough to observe bed rest and drink hot tea for a while. Cases in which the presence and recommendation of a physician is necessary:

1. you are pregnant or nursing;

2. Angina was manifested and did not last more than five days;

3. high temperature;

4. Strong headache;

5. all the signs of a cold are getting worse every day.

Tips for treating cold at home in adults

In case you are sure that you have a cold, do not delay her treatment and do not aggravate the not so good position of your body.

1. It is necessary to limit contact with family members. Because if one of them has weakened immunity, then he can catch an infection from you, and then the so-called "chain reaction" waits for everyone. Considering also that this infection is transmitted by airborne droplets, try in the first days of the disease communicate with relatives and friends only when absolutely necessary, in order to limit the possibility of their getting sick due to colds.

2. For effective treatment, it is necessary to constantly ventilate the room in which you are located. So that there was always clean fresh air without any bacteria.

3. Keep the body warm, drink more liquid, try to avoid a place with a large crowd of people.

4. And, of course, the most effective remedy for colds in adults is prevention before the disease. It:

  • frequent walks in the fresh air,
  • ventilation of the apartment,
  • vitamin complexes,
  • proper nutrition, rich in vitamins and minerals.

All this, by all means, will help you to enjoy every day without a cold

Find out what to do with the first signs of a cold. Medications for the first signs of a cold for children and adults

Not everyone knows about what should be done at the first sign of a cold. We decided to devote this article to this topic.

at the first sign of a cold

Some statistics

As shown by medical practice, the common cold is most often exposed to children, as well as adults with weakened immunity. In addition, the disease begins to be especially worried especially in the autumn-winter season, when the weather changes dramatically from warm to cold and the body and does not have time to restructure. Though there are also such cases when the diagnosis of ARI is put by the doctor and in the summer.

So what should you do with the first signs of a cold? We will talk about this below.

What threatens a cold?

If you feel chills, weakness and other signs of a cold, then you should immediately be alerted. After all, if you do not stop such a disease on time, then, very likely, very soon you will be watching yourself slightly elevated body temperature, and more severe symptoms that arose against such complications as otitis media, pneumonia or bronchitis.

Symptoms of a cold

Symptoms of such a disease are known to almost everyone. This is the ache in muscles and joints, and a runny nose, and a strong cough, and a sore throat, etc. It should be noted that the common cold can arise due to completely different viruses that change regularly. In connection with this, a vaccine has not yet been invented that can quickly and effectively rid the person of this scourge. But doctors still know how to treat the first signs of cold with the help of various medications. It is about them that will be discussed in the next section.

the first signs of a cold that do

We get rid of the cold with the help of medical devices

Medications at the first sign of a cold are released in pharmacy chains without a doctor's prescription. However, it is recommended that they be purchased only after visiting the doctor. After all, improperly selected treatment can worsen the patient's uneasy condition.

Currently, there are quite a few drugs from this seemingly non-dangerous disease. As you know, they are called drugs of symptomatic action. Quite often they are recommended to use at the first sign of a cold. After all, these drugs successfully and quickly eliminate all the existing symptoms, namely: high fever, weakness in the body, nasal congestion and swelling. If your body has enough strength for further independent struggle against the virus, then these symptoms will not come back to you after the medication stops. If your immunity is too weak, then you will need to take the medication more than once. But, as it was said above, it should be done only under the supervision of a doctor.

List of funds designed to prevent colds

The first signs of a cold are what to take? To the medicines that are able to quickly get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of the disease, you can include the following:

  • "Coldrex";
  • "Fervex";
  • "Teraflu."

As a rule, these agents are used either in the form of tablets or as a hot drink. The safest of these drugs can be considered "Ferveks". After all, he has much less contraindications than the rest. It is allowed to use people suffering from diabetes, hypertensive patients and even children after 7 years.

The drug "Coldrex" is softer, and therefore it is recommended to use it only when the patient's condition is not too heavy. By the way, the basis of this drug is "Paracetamol." That is why this drug is especially effective at elevated body temperature.

As for Teraflu, it is desirable to take this medication only with strong manifestations of the viral disease. Children at the first sign of colds give it is highly discouraged.

Buying medicines to prevent colds, it should be remembered that not all medicines can cope with inflammatory phenomena. In fact they only for some time eliminate signs, but in any way do not treat illness.

A folk remedy at the first sign of a cold

Viral disease never goes away quickly. In this regard, do not expect a miracle from medications. Moreover, some supporters of alternative medicine argue that pharmacies should not be taken at all at the first sign of a cold. After all, today there is a huge number of various prescriptions of folk remedies that do not contain artificial chemical compounds.

So, what actions should be taken to prevent the disease from "flaming up" in full force?

Bed rest

The first signs of a cold are what to do? To begin with, you need to forget about work, study and other household problems and arrange a rest for yourself. However, it should be organized correctly. To do this, it is necessary to ventilate the room, change into dry and warm clothes, and then lie down in bed and hide behind a thick blanket. If the room is cold, you can turn on the heater.


To prevent pathogenic bacteria from attacking the entire body, it should be helped to purify itself of already existing microbes. It is recommended to drink more warm liquid for this. If the patient has a stuffy nose and a throat, it is advisable to use a baking soda solution for regular rinses of the nasopharynx (1 dessert spoonful of food per 1 cup of warm boiled water). In addition, it is necessary to use more antimicrobial products (onions, garlic, lemon, ginger, etc.).

the first signs of a cold that take

Enhancement of the immune system

As you know, the cold attacks only those people who have weakened immunity. To restore it, you need to consume more vitamins. Someone gives their preference to the pharmaceutical drops, we recommend every hour to drink a cup of hot tea with honey, ginger or lemon. As a variant, it is allowed to use decoctions of such herbs and fruits as oregano, St. John's wort, viburnum or rose hips. These ingredients will satiate your body with the necessary amount of vitamin C, and you will immediately feel relieved.

Inhalation measures and thermal procedures

The first signs of a cold are what to do? Especially if you have a sore throat? With seasonal viral diseases, the patient often complains that his tonsils are swollen and sore. To facilitate the patient's condition and relieve him of unpleasant symptoms, you should perform inhalation procedures 2-3 times a day. To do this, you can use broth oregano or some other solutions.

drugs at the first sign of a coldIn the event that you feel a strong chills and aches in the joints, you are advised to warm up with the help of foot-heated hot tubs. After such a procedure, the feet should be wiped dry and wear warm socks. By the way, you can keep warm with alcoholic tinctures, which must be added to hot tea or a decoction in the amount of a couple of dessert spoons. However, this method should not be used to treat a sick child.

Observing all the above requirements to eliminate the first signs of a cold, you must win it in the shortest possible time.

Prevention of colds

For sure, many people know the wisdom of the fact that the disease is easier to prevent than treat. And, really, that in the autumn-winter season not to get sick, but to enjoy the new period of the year, it is necessary to strictly follow a few simple rules. Let us consider them in more detail.

  • Reception of vitamins. Each pharmacy sells vitamin complexes that will help you maintain immunity at the proper level and prevent the proliferation of viral bacteria. It should be specially noted that the most should be consumed vitamin C. Its daily norm for an adult is about 60 mg. By the way, if you do not trust pharmacy products, you can get such a substance through the use of citrus fruits: oranges, tangerines, lemons, etc.Children with the first signs of a cold
  • Reception of natural phytoncides. These substances effectively and quickly destroy bacteria. Products that contain phytoncides include: honey, garlic, onions, cloves and cinnamon.

In addition, in the autumn-winter season, a large number of people should be avoided. After all, if there are too many people in a particular room, then there is a high probability that among them there is at least one that will spread the pathogenic bacteria. If such clusters are unavoidable for you, then it is better to use a mask.

One can not ignore the fact that flu vaccinations are very popular today. If you have a desire, then for the prevention of a viral disease, you can also use vaccination.

Similar articles