Appendicitis refers to the inflammation of a small process of the caecum, which occurs quite often and without timely intervention can lead to serious consequences. What does appendicitis happen from, is it possible to insure against the onset of this condition?
- At what age is appendicitis?
- Is there appendicitis on the left side?
- Is there chronic appendicitis?
- Causes of appendicitis
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At what age is appendicitis?
For this disease, inflammation of the appendix tissues takes place for certain reasons. According to statistics, most appendicitis develops in women aged 20 - 40 years, in men this condition is less common. Also, the inflammatory process is extremely common in children aged 10 - 12 years. At the child of five years and is more younger, the probability of occurrence of the given disease is a little bit lower.
Thus, inflammation of the appendage can occur at almost any age. Although most people face it in childhood or youth, there are cases of development of inflammatory disease and in older age. It all depends on the individual characteristics and factors that affect the onset of the disease.
The symptoms of appendicitis do not always help immediately to understand that this disease has arisen. Often they are similar to manifestations of food poisoning, which makes diagnosis difficult in the early stages. Usually, the inflammation of the appendix develops as follows:
- Abdominal pain. Usually begins in the solar plexus area, above the navel, spreads on the right side. With the progression of the inflammatory process, painful sensations become more intense, they can spread to the entire abdomen.
- The onset of severe nausea, vomiting. Most often, vomiting occurs as a reaction to pain, loss of appetite. With full stomach begins to stand out bile.
- Fever, chills, other symptoms of intoxication. The more advanced and extensive the inflammatory process in the appendix, the stronger they are expressed. Sometimes there is appendicitis without temperature, it all depends on the individual characteristics of the human body.
- Diarrhea, stool disorders. Or there is constipation, while the frequency of urination increases. The color of urine is dark, unhealthy.
These are the main symptoms that indicate the likely development of appendicitis. If you press on the bottom of the abdomen on the right, the pain will intensify.
Important!If such symptoms occur, and their amplification, you need to urgently consult a doctor, it is advisable immediately to call an ambulance.
Is there appendicitis on the left side?
It is believed that with this disease, pain sensations spread to the right side of the abdomen, usually in the lower part. However, in reality pain is often irradiated, given to other parts of the abdomen. Thus, pain can be spread to the left side. Often, patients complain of shingling pain, which is almost equally intense on both sides of the body. With non-obvious symptoms, a full-fledged diagnosis is always required, which makes it possible to pinpoint the cause of poor health.
Is there chronic appendicitis?
Chronic appendicitis exists, they are usually referred to as sluggish inflammation of the appendix, which does not go into full-fledged appendicitis. A similar condition can develop independently or be observed after an attack of acute appendicitis, after which the process was not removed.
In a chronic illness, periodic seizures may occur, but not always in all cases before removal. Usually they try to bring the disease to a stable remission, the patient is shown a diet, additional treatment can be prescribed. Sometimes a person is hospitalized several times, and the inflamed process so does not remove.
Important!If the process has already been removed, the second time appendicitis does not happen. Repeated inflammation in the peritoneal region in this case may occur if the surgical procedure was performed with impairment.
Causes of appendicitis
In adults and children, the causes of the development of the inflammatory process are usually similar, it should be noted that it is almost impossible to determine the exact factor. Most often the reasons for the development of this disease are the following:
- blockage of lumen appendix, which occurs as a result of the formation of fecal stones, when foreign bodies hit;
- circulatory disorders in this area, as a result of which necrosis of the appendix occurs;
- various neurological disorders, changes in the work of the intestine.
Thus, the likelihood of developing this disease increases in people who suffer from constipation and other disorders of the intestine. Often this leads to improper nutrition, a lack of useful substances, coarse fibers, bacteria, stimulating the work of the intestine, in food.
In adolescents and children, the causes of the development of this disease are the same. It is worth noting that indirect factors can influence the occurrence of appendicitis. For example, some people are prone to disruption of the digestive tract on a background of stress, strong emotional experiences for a long time can also affect the appearance of the inflammatory process.
Often a separate cause of inflammation of the appendix is called sunflower seeds. This is partly true, poorly purified seeds can trigger blockage of the lumen and inflammation. The same applies to any small food that can clog in the lumen of the appendix. However, it all depends on the individual characteristics, in some people appendicitis does not occur even with malnutrition.
Sometimes hereditary factor is also distinguished. If one of the parents had appendicitis, the probability of its occurrence in the child increases, and at the same age. This can be associated with the peculiarities of the structure of the organism and the gastrointestinal tract separately from relatives.
Pregnant women may also have an inflammatory process for various reasons. Symptoms of appendicitis during childbearing will be more pronounced, in almost all cases, the temperature rises. In pregnancy, the order of medical intervention is the same, if the inflammation is extensive and pronounced, the affected process is removed.
At the first signs of appendicitis, in any case, you should immediately consult a doctor, call an ambulance. This disease can lead to serious complications, the most common - peritonitis, an extensive inflammatory process in the peritoneum. There is a possibility of infection spreading through the bloodstream, which can lead to necrosis and other severe conditions. After removing the inflammation of the process, you must always follow all the recommendations of the doctor, a special diet, which is aimed at restoring the work of the gastrointestinal tract.