There are effective methods and means of treating prostate adenoma in men. They can be divided into medicament( drugs and drugs) and surgical( operations).Endoscopic operations of transurethral resection( TUR) and laser evaporation of the prostate( Laser) have been developed. The method of thermotherapy( microwave coagulation) of the prostate is now widely used in the application.
In the early stages of prostate adenoma, drug therapy is intensively used. Remember, self-treatment is dangerous, in order to avoid complications and side effects, the treatment is prescribed by a urologist, a surgeon!
is used. Drug therapy is offered in case of mild symptoms of prostate adenoma, if the conditionuktsiya not too severe and there are no contraindications to the use of certain drugs. You can try taking medications even in more serious cases if there are medical reasons for refusing from the operation. As a temporary measure, medication can be used if the operation should be delayed due to a long queue or because it is uncomfortable at the time.
Some pre-retirement men prefer to wait until they retire to perform surgical treatment. Teachers, politicians or other men with fixed holidays prefer to undergo surgery in the summer and believe that temporary medication is effective enough.
Sometimes the urologist himself suggests first to try drug treatment to determine if the drug treatment facilitates a specific symptom before taking such a cardinal step as surgical treatment.
Although drugs reduce symptoms in men who are not shown surgery, many say they do not need any treatment. In principle, drugs should only be used after the prostate has been fully examined, and the tests and studies described above have been carried out.
Treatment of prostate adenoma without surgery: drugs and preparations
Finasteride ( other possible names: Penester, Proscar, Finast).It is taken one tablet once a day. Finasteride is prescribed as long-term therapy up to six months and more. You can not stop taking the drug in a week or two because you thought it was not working. Although the drug is safe and has no side effects, some patients experience difficulty with erection and other sexual disorders. This is eliminated by canceling the drug. Finasteride not only causes a decrease in the prostate, but also reduces the amount of blood flowing through it.
Indications for use : Benign prostatic hyperplasia with the aim of:
- to reduce the risk of acute urinary retention and the need for surgical intervention, including transurethral resection of the prostate, prostatectomy.
- decreases the size of the enlarged prostate gland and improves urine outflow;
Application of : the drug is administered orally - orally. The recommended dose is 5 mg per day, regardless of food intake. The tablet should be swallowed whole, without sniffing. The duration of treatment is determined individually.
Drugs reducing the prostate gland, interact with the male hormone( testosterone), which is partly responsible for benign hyperplasia. They essentially change the hormonal background in the prostate gland, and it decreases. Male sex hormones affect other organs, whereas this type of drug acts only on the prostate and has almost no side effects.
Remember that these drugs affect the muscles in other organs, especially in the blood vessels, and sometimes can cause side effects such as fainting, lethargy and drowsiness.
Alpha-blockers relax muscles, reduce obstruction, and thus relieve symptoms.
This class of drugs is also used to treat high blood pressure. Some of the new drugs act mainly on the prostate and have fewer side effects. Their advantage is that they act almost instantly. Currently used are:
- Alfuzosin( Dalfaz, Xatral),
- Doxazosin( Cardura, Camiren, Tonocardine),
- Prazosin( Gipovaz),
- Tamsulosin( Omnik, Tamsulon, Fokusin),
- Terazozin( Haytrin, Setegis).
These medicines and preparations differ from each other in the frequency of admission, some of them should be taken in a small dosage. Their side effects are different, and if one drug is not suitable, then you can try another one. Alfa-adrenoblockers can cause retrograde ejaculation, which stops when the drug is withdrawn. Just like in the treatment with hormones, the strength of the urine stream is not much better.
Doxazosin ( cardura).In patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy leads to a significant decrease in the symptoms of the disease. Effective in 66-71% of patients, begins to function after 1-2 weeks of treatment, the maximum effect develops after 14 weeks, persists for a long time. Tablets should be taken in the morning or at night( preferably on an empty stomach), without chewing, squeezed with enough water. The initial dose is 1 mg / day. If necessary, increase the dose( at intervals of 1-2 weeks) to 2-4 mg / day. The maximum dose is 8 mg / day. The recommended maintenance dose is 2-4 mg / day.
Prazosin. With adenoma of the prostate, Prazosin is administered internally regardless of food intake. The first dose, equal to 0.5 mg, is taken before bedtime. Further appoint 1 mg 2 times a day for a week. Then increase the dose to 4 mg per day( 1 mg 4 times a day).If there is a pronounced hypotensive reaction, the daily dose should be reduced to 2 mg. The course of treatment is 8 weeks, if necessary, can be extended. After the termination of the main course of treatment, a maintenance dose of 2 mg per day( 1 mg 2 times a day) may be prescribed to patients.
When applying prazosin, in addition to the "first-dose phenomenon", the following side effects are possible: dizziness, headache, insomnia, weakness, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, dry mouth. Usually these phenomena pass independently.
Tamsulosin. A remedy for symptomatic treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Selectively blocks adrenoreceptors of smooth muscles of the prostate gland, the neck of the bladder, the prostatic part of the urethra. As a result, the tone of the smooth muscles of these formations decreases, and the outflow of urine is facilitated. Simultaneously, the symptoms of obstruction and irritation associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia decrease. The therapeutic effect is manifested approximately 2 weeks after the start of treatment.
Before starting therapy with Tamsulosin, the patient should be examined for other diseases that can cause the same symptoms as benign prostatic hyperplasia. Before the beginning of treatment and regularly during therapy, a digital rectal examination and, if required, the determination of a specific antigen of the prostate should be performed. In patients with impaired renal function, a change in the dosing regimen is not required. It is taken orally - 400 mcg once a day( after breakfast).
Combined treatment of prostatic adenoma with
drugs Recent reports of a study of the sharing of two different kinds of medications have shown the promise of such a combination.
Within a few months from the start of treatment, in addition to finasteride, alpha-blockers are taken, which allows for faster effect.
Treatment of prostate adenoma with phyto preparations
Treatment of phyto drugs has been used by people since ancient times. Recently, these drugs have become very popular in Europe, Japan and the United States.
Permixon is a French preparation made from fruits of American dwarf palm which has an inhibitory effect on 5 alpha reductase. Also has a local antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory effect.
The conducted tests proved that prolonged use of the drug( within 5 years) leads to a significant decrease in the volume of the prostate and the volume of residual urine, and also removes the symptoms of the disease. Permixon is characterized by good tolerability and no side effects.
Prostamol Uno is a preparation made from the fruits of the Sabal palm. The drug has anti-inflammatory, anti-exudative( prevents the accumulation of pathological fluid), anti-androgenic action( due to inhibition of 5 alpha reductase).The drug does not affect the level of sex hormones, does not change the level of blood pressure, does not affect sexual function.
Treatment of phyto drugs is performed with prostatic hyperplasia of the first and of the second degree.
Treatment of prostatic adenoma without surgery
People who have adenoma of the prostate are referred to the Academy of Healers for Nikolai Peichev. Nikolay explains to the person how the treatment of prostatic adenoma is being treated. And it shows what needs to be done to make this treatment successful. If everything is done correctly - all damaged tissues are restored.
The information given in this article is based on the official authoritative sources:
- Video on the subject
- Noahgov GN The National Curative. The best recipes of traditional medicine.- Moscow: Arnadia, 1998. - 352 p./ Medicine for all
- . Allega G.N. Official and traditional medicine. The most detailed encyclopedia.- M.: Izd-vo Eksmo, 2012
- Medvedev BA The second heart of a man. Prostate treatment / Panacea series.- Rostov n / a: Phoenix, 2004. - 320 with.