Oyster mushrooms, rare guests on our table, but in vain. Mushrooms have been known since ancient times in China and Japan, where they were revered as a useful and tasty dish.
There are many medicinal and nutrients necessary for human health.
In addition, mushrooms are easily grown at home and serve as an ingredient for the preparation of medicinal preparations.
- Brief description
- Chemical composition
- Useful properties
- Contraindications and harm
- What to look for
- Traditional medicine recipes
- How to prepare dishes
Mushrooms belong to the Plevrtov family.
Develop on dead wood residues of wood origin.
For their growth and nutrition, cellulose is needed, so they settle on fallen trees or old stumps near the mushrooms.
In nature are found all over Europe in a temperate climate, in forested areas and agricultural lands.
They grow hefty, several pieces in one "socket".In appearance, inconspicuous and, usually, no one pays attention to them, taking for an inedible mushroom. Oyster mushroom has a false brother , which has toxic properties and is dangerous to health.
The poisonous oyster is distinguished by a denser leather cap, but it is rare so do not bother.
The composition of mushrooms is the closest to meat and meat and dairy products.
They contain proteins and amino acids, including, irreplaceable( tryptophan, threonine, isoleucine, valine, etc.).
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Polysaccharides and minerals( phosphorus, copper, iron, calcium, cobalt, selenium, etc.) have been found in large quantities.
Fungi serve as a source of B and E vitamins, as well as extremely rare vitamin D2, which serves as a natural antibiotic and antioxidant, preventing the formation of malignant tumors and inflammatory processes.
Useful properties of
Oyster mushrooms are very tasty and nutritious. Nutritional value of fungi is 40 kcal, in raw form, and 70 kcal, in stewed - per 100 g of product.
They perfectly satisfy hunger, while they have low caloric content, which makes them a useful product for weight loss diets.
In folk medicine their following medicinal properties are used:
- normalizes blood pressure and reduces the risk of cardiovascular ailments;
- remove toxins and toxins from the body, have a cleansing effect;
- neutralizes the effect of radiation, removes heavy metals;
- dissolve cholesterol and cleanse it of vessels, reducing the risk of thrombosis and strokes;
- interfere with the development of atherosclerosis;
- normalizes metabolic processes;
- strengthens the nervous system;
- increases the body's ability to absorb calcium;
- beneficially affect the work of the intestines, improve the passage and digestion of food, reduce the likelihood of development of ulcers and gastritis;
- are struggling with the oncology of , preventing cell mutation and the development of malignant tumors;
- the content of natural antiallergen lovastatin, helps to combat allergic reactions of the body;
- improve vision( contains riboflavin).
The uniqueness of the fungi is primarily related to the ability of to withstand the cancer diseases .
This property was officially proven by Japanese doctors in 1997.
Today, the products and medicines based on veshenok are officially included in the list recommended for these diseases.
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It is proven that mushrooms help fight intestinal parasites( helminths).Oyster mushrooms showed their effectiveness in the fight against ascarids, destroying their larvae and preventing reproduction.
Contraindications and harm
The main problem with fungi is the high content of chitin, which is poorly digested and digested.
To do this, they are processed with high temperature( boiled, stewed, fried).This helps increase digestibility by 60-70%.
Therefore, in this case, oyster mushrooms are not recommended for people suffering from digestive disorders, acute gallbladder and liver diseases.
Another problem is related to the danger of eating spoiled mushrooms, which serve as a source of poison.
Only fresh and whole mushrooms are consumed without parasites and putrefactive formations.
The use of mushrooms is prohibited to for children under 12 years and pregnant women.
What to look for
Before using, you need to know the features of using the veshenok.
- First the mushrooms are picked and examined for foreign bodies and spots.
Their color should be uniform, gray or gray, without sharp transitions to other shades.
It should also be of the same consistency, without suspicious soft or hard areas, which differ from the main part of the fungus.
- Before heat treatment, the mushrooms must be washed and cut into small pieces.
Whole mushroom cooking is not recommended.
- Mushrooms themselves give off moisture when fried or baked, so do not pre-boil.
It is enough to add vegetable oil in a pan in the proportion of 100 g of oil to 500 g of mushrooms.
- Fry the mushrooms until the liquid is completely evaporated in a frying pan.
The process time is not less than 30 minutes.
- Spices or spicy seasonings are not recommended, which interrupt the pleasant aroma of mushrooms.
In this case greens are suitable.
- It is not recommended to combine mushrooms with seafood and fish.
Traditional medicine recipes
Traditional medicine has long used oyster mushrooms as a basis for the preparation of medicinal products for the treatment of diseases.
Consider the main recipes:
For preparation take 4-5 medium sized chicken and pour 1 glass of alcohol or vodka.
Insist in a darkened place for 2 weeks, periodically, shaking.
After this, tincture is filtered through cheesecloth, shifted several times. Take 2 times a day for 1 tsp before eating for 2 months.
Then take a break of 6 months and repeat the course again.
With atherosclerosis .
For preparation, select young, strong mushrooms, which are washed, and then cleaned from the outer shell and boiled for 1 minute in boiling water.
After that, they knead to a uniform state and consume half a teaspoon, twice a day, before eating.
The course lasts 1 month. You can repeat it in six months.
With purulent wounds .
For cooking, you need 300 grams of chopped mushrooms and a bottle of vodka.
Ingredients are placed in a container and tightly closed.
Insist for 10 days in a dark and cool room, periodically, shaking.
Then filter through the cheesecloth and dilute with boiled water 1 to 1.
The agent cleanses purulent wounds or burns( what to treat at home is written on this page).
The tincture has an antiseptic and cleansing effect.
For the immunity of .
Make the mushroom powder.
For this, the mushrooms are wrapped in a rag and grinded, and then the resulting gruel is spread on a baking tray with a thin layer - one to two centimeters.
The baking tray is placed in the oven for 10 hours at a temperature of 40-60 ° C.
Periodically, the mushrooms are removed and aired for a couple of minutes, and then again in the oven.
So continue to do until complete drying.
Weight and volume will be reduced to 10-15% of the original.
True cooked mushrooms must break, but do not crumble.
The color remains light, and the smell is pleasant, like fresh mushrooms.
Oyster mushrooms are grinded in a coffee grinder, and the resulting powder is stored in a tightly closed glass container.
Eat half a teaspoon three times a day before eating. Do the procedure for 2 weeks.
Next time you can repeat in six months.
The drug provides the body with useful substances, prevents the formation of malignant tumors and strengthens the immune system.
How to prepare dishes
Fried oyster mushrooms with potatoes .
For preparation you need:
- 0,5 kg of mushrooms,
- of potato 1 kg,
- onion( leeks - benefit and harm) 1 piece,
- salt and spices to taste.
First oyster mushrooms are cooked, as they are cooked longer than potatoes. Preliminarily, they are cut into small pieces.
Fry with an open lid to evaporate the liquid contained in the mushrooms.
After 15-20 minutes add chopped onions and potatoes.
Prepare before the formation of a golden crust. Salt, spices and herbs are added at will.
A delicious and healthy dish that satisfies hunger, has a low calorie content. Dietary product.
Soup from the Veils .
For preparation you need:
- 1 kg of mushrooms,
- 1 horseradish root( useful properties),
- 2 carrots( for the benefit of the raw is written here),
- 150 g flour,
- 2 eggs,
- 2 potatoes,
- 1 onion,
- halved saltcucumber.
First we wash the mushrooms and separate the hats from the legs.
Now cut the carrots and horseradish and, together with the mushrooms, put in a pot of water.
Bring to a boil and cook for one hour with the lid open.
While cooking the soup we prepare the dough:
- mix flour and eggs,
- add salt to taste.
The dough should brew for 15 minutes, then roll it out and leave for another 15 minutes.
Then finely chop so that the noodles turned out. In parallel, in a frying pan fry vegetables( carrots, onions and cucumber).
At this time, mushrooms with horseradish and carrots should already be cooked. Add to them fried vegetables and potatoes. Cook until cooked potatoes. Then turn off the fire, let the soup brew for another 5-10 minutes. Greens and spices( fennel seeds - useful properties and contraindications) are added to taste. The soup is ready. Oyster whales are useful and nutritious mushrooms .If desired, they can be grown on their own, if there is their own house and country plot, or collect in the forest, where the veselen is full.
From them they prepare medicinal potions and are used as an independent dish.
On the benefits and harm of oyster mushrooms, look in the video.