- General recommendations
- Permitted and Prohibited Products
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Rotavirus infection is an infectious pathology, caused by viruses. The disease affects the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. According to statistics, about ninety-five percent of children under five years old are suffering from rotavirus infection.
Immunity usually copes with the attack of these pathogens, but here the protective powers of the babies are only forming, so the disease at this age is a huge danger. To the risk factors in the emergence of the disease can be attributed to poor social conditions, poor nutrition, prematurity, artificial feeding.
Infection occurs by fecal-oral route, through dirty hands, personal items, as well as contaminated food and water. The source of infection is a sick person who has billions of viral agents with feces. The causative agent of the infectious process is highly resistant to the environment.
Within a few weeks it can persist in the water. A distinctive feature of rotoviruses is also high contagiosity, that is, infectiousness. Pathogens quickly spread in closed children's groups, for example, kindergartens and hospitals. The peak of incidence is considered to be the period from late autumn to mid-spring.
Penetrating into the digestive tract, viral agents begin to multiply actively, disrupting the transport and absorption function of the intestine. Disease-causing microorganisms cause progressive death of mucosal cells, which causes an inflammatory reaction in the intestine.
Because of the development of enzyme deficiency, the digestive function suffers. Enterotoxin disrupts the absorption of water, which causes the appearance of profuse diarrhea. Increasing intoxication provokes a vomiting reflex, which further aggravates the shift of the water-electrolyte balance.
In the absence of timely assistance, dehydration will increase more and more, the volume of circulating blood will decrease and, ultimately, it will be fatal. In this article in detail we will talk about what can be eaten with defeat by rotaviruses. Let's select the list of allowed and forbidden products, and also we will consider the approximate menu.
Most often rotavirus infection affects small children
There is a disease in the form of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, dizziness. Patients develop signs that are characteristic of acute respiratory viral infection. Little children become whiny and irritated. They have crying without tears, a rare urination, dry skin and mucous membranes.
All this indicates the development of dehydration. Most often, infection occurs in children from six months to three or four years. This is due to the fact that the child is switching to artificial feeding, and this increases the risk of transmission of a viral infection by household means. In adults, a severe course of the disease is rare.
Most often, the disease occurs as a result of massive contamination of water or food. In most cases, the disease occurs only a few days under the guise of food poisoning. Treatment of the disease includes a whole range of activities and it is aimed primarily at combating the symptoms. The basis of therapeutic tactics is the use of oral rehydration solutions.
An important role is played by the diet with rotavirus infection. According to experts, at the moment there are no such drugs that would kill rotavirus. That is why symptomatic struggle and proper nutrition is the basis of the healing process.
Proper nutrition with rotavirus infection is the key to a speedy recovery
With the appearance of the first symptoms indicating a rotavirus infection, it is extremely important to remove dairy and sour-milk products from the diet, since bacteria grow and multiply rapidly in them. Most often, the patients simply have no appetite, they should not be forced to eat, it is better to give a strong tea without sugar, homemade jelly or chicken broth.
If the appetite is preserved, it is better to eat rice porridge, but without the addition of butter. To prevent gag reflex, try to drink and eat often, but in small portions. Patients can eat dried wheat bread, lean meat or fish broth, vegetable soup, semolina and buckwheat porridge, beets, carrots, tomatoes.
Do not use chocolate, cocoa, flour products. Dietary nutrition includes the exclusion of certain products not only in the acute period, but also within two to three weeks after recovery. The way of cooking is also important. Dishes should be cooked in a gentle way, for example, steamed or in an oven.
And is fasting permissible with rotavirus infection? Some believe that if you do not eat during this period, then the body will not have the strength to fight the infection, but this is not entirely true. If you have no appetite, then you do not have to force yourself. The organism directed all its forces to fight the infection and has no time to engage in digesting food. But the liquid should not be abandoned!
Permitted and Prohibited Products
First, let's talk about those products that will have to be excluded. Such restrictions apply to food that feeds the infection even more. This includes foods rich in carbohydrates, confectionery with sugar, cow's milk.
Let's select the list of prohibited products:
- fatty meat, fish, broths and soups;
- vegetables and fruits in raw form;
- cocoa and chocolate;
- some vegetables: garlic, onion, cabbage and radish, radish, radish;
- whole milk, kefir, sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese;
- semi-finished products, fast food;
- some porridge: pearl barley, millet and barley;
- fresh bread, pastries, buns;
- smoked meat, pickles, canned food.
Diet for rotavirus infection in adults implies first of all the use of a sufficient amount of fluid
And what can you eat? The daily menu can consist of the following products:
- semolina or rice porridge, cooked on water or vegetable broth without adding oil and sugar;
- gentle broth based on cereals and vegetables;
- steam omelet;
- steam meatballs or meatballs from lean meat or fish;
- baked in the oven apples;
- carrot puree;
- home fruit jelly.
In the first days of the disease, it is allowed to eat a little dried fruit, porridge on the water, a chicken egg, hard-boiled, low-fat soup, croutons with tea. Separately, it is worth noting the peculiarity of nutrition for infants. Do not stop breastfeeding. Together with milk, the child will be transferred protective cells.
Children after six months can be given jelly, mashed potatoes, steam omelet, carrot-apple mixture. To fully restore the digestive tract may take at least two more weeks. The diet after rotavirus infection is also associated with some limitations. It is better to wait with such products:
- cold drinks and meals;
- whole milk;
- millet porridge;
- Rye bread.
The child needs to eat properly and after recovery
During illness the child simply needs liquid. First of all, this applies to water-salt solutions with a high sodium content. It can be either a self-prepared solution or a finished product purchased in a pharmacy.
Consider a simple recipe for a water-salt product with raisins, which can be given even to small children:
- a hundred grams of raisins without pits fill with a liter of water and boil for one hour;
- the broth should be carefully filtered. Raisins, which remained in the strainer should be mashed, so that its fine particles get into the solution;
- add a tablespoon of salt, a half teaspoon of baking soda and two tablespoons of sugar;
- Boil all the ingredients for a few minutes and then cool again. The finished product has a pleasant taste, so children calmly and without caprices use it.
The solution is allowed to dilute with pharmacy tea without additives. After abating unpleasant symptoms, the child can be given a rice decoction, as well as carrot-apple mixtures. To cleanse the body, use baked apples and decoctions based on dry blueberries and dogrose. As an alternative, you can prepare herbal tea with chamomile and peppermint.
Restore the water-electrolyte balance will help and other beverages:
- mix a liter of water with half a glass of fresh lemon juice and 50 grams of sea salt. As a sweetener you can add honey, sorghum or maple syrup;
- per liter of water, add a quarter of a glass of lemon juice, the same amount of lime juice and one orange. At the end, add a teaspoon of sea salt;
- pass through the blender two bananas, three glasses of coconut juice, two glasses of watermelon, a glass of water with ice and a teaspoon of natural sea salt;
- mix with sea salt, ascorbic acid, lemon juice and a teaspoon of stevia.
To prepare a rice broth, bring to a boil one liter of water and pour there four tablespoons of rice. Brew croup should be for two hours until completely softened. Then the resulting mass should be passed through a fine sieve and add five tablespoons of sugar. The agent is again brought to a boil, after which it is poured into sterile jars. Before use, the rice broth is slightly heated.
Carrot-apple mixture is prepared very simply. To do this, take a half a kilogram of carrots and apples. The products are peeled off, then boiled in a liter of water until completely softened. Ready apples and carrots are passed through a sieve, after which five teaspoons of sugar are added to them. Then the remedy is brought back to the boil, after which it is poured into jars.
Water-salt solution can be prepared at home
Consider roughly the bottom day menu for rotavirus infection:
- breakfast. You can make a steam omelet, rubbed non-acidic cottage cheese, semolina or rice porridge, vegetable broth;
- snack. Baked apples;
- dinner. Chicken soup with mashed vegetables and cereals, fish or meatballs, broth of wild rose;
- afternoon tea. Homemade fruit marmalade;
- dinner. Razvarennaya buckwheat or rice porridge, chicken meatballs, carrot puree, unsweetened tea with a crust of white bread.
So, rotavirus infection usually appears in children. Infection with infection is very simple, the transmission of the pathogen occurs through dirty hands, household items, food, water. Proper nutrition is the basis of the healing process. Rotaviruses cause severe dehydration of the body, so it is extremely important to comply with the drinking regime.
It can be natural water, dog rose or rice broth, chamomile tea and more. Dietary diet should be maintained not only in the acute period, but also for three weeks after recovery. At an early age, rotavirus infection can cause death, so do not self-medicate, but contact a qualified specialist.