Causes of dry cough without fever in adults
In our time it is difficult to find an adult or a child who would not cough at least once a day. Zagazovannost large cities and megacities, harmful emissions of industrial enterprises, a lot of different infections - living in a city about clean air can only dream of.
The human respiratory system is so arranged that when penetrating into the bronchi and lungs of infectious agents, allergens, dust, etc., due to irritation of the respiratory tract receptors, a cough occurs.
With its help, the tracheobronchial tree is cleansed of external and internal irritating agents, such as pus, mucus, sputum, blood or from foreign bodies - pollen, dust, food particles. The role of the cough is to prevent mechanical obstacles and cleanse the respiratory tract from sputum or other substances.
When a person has caught a cold and contracted a viral respiratory disease - the clinical picture is clear, the person rises high fever, runny nose, cough, tear, weakness and other symptoms of intoxication, characteristic of these diseases. In these cases, the cause of dry cough is clear. And how to understand why there is a cough without temperature in an adult or a child?
Many believe that cough is caused only by respiratory diseases, however, a prolonged dry cough may be a symptom of such serious diseases like heart failure, oncological diseases of the mediastinal organs, certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sinusitis, sinusitis. The table below shows the symptoms and diagnosis of certain diseases that are characterized by a dry cough without fever or with a temperature of 37 ° C.
Cough and runny nose without fever
- With colds
may cause catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, runny nose, cough without body temperature or 37-3,. With such types of Orvy, the throat may not bother, but a common cold, cough without fever is characteristic. If the cough does not go away within 3 weeks after the onset of SARS, you should consult a therapist.
- Allergic reaction
on various flowering plants in an apartment or on the street, an allergy to dust is also accompanied by a dry non-productive cough, an allergy to pet hair, pet food or animal care products, a similar reaction is possible for perfumery and cosmetic products facilities.
Even in carpets and bedding there are a lot of allergens, which can be inadequate reaction of the body, which is expressed by dry cough and runny nose without temperature. Also, the massive use of various household chemicals, unsafe detergent powders with surfactants over 35% all this can affect the state of the respiratory system and manifest as a cough and runny nose without temperature.
- Post-infection cough
after acute infectious or viral inflammation of the respiratory tract cough with perspiration, coughing, feeling tickling or agitation, can last up to 3 weeks, and just unpleasant sensations and a rare coughing is possible before, months.
Dry prolonged cough without fever
Stressful situations, nervous shocks, experiences can provoke a dry cough - this is called psychogenic cough, when a person worries, gets lost or embarrassed, he can cough up.
- Also, for a long time in a room with dry, dusty air, irritation in the respiratory tract may appear.
- Oncological diseases
If a prolonged severe dry cough without fever lasts more than a month, you should consult a therapist, pulmonologist, allergist, oncologist, phthisiatrist for the passage of a thorough diagnosis, since the diseases that cause incessant cough are very many - tuberculosis, lung cancer, bronchial cancer, trachea, throat.
- Heart Disease
Cardiac cough should be distinguished, for example, from the cough of a smoker or a bronchial cough. Such a cough occurs after physical activity and there is no sputum, however, sometimes with acute cardiac disease, bloody discharge after a dry cough is possible. This is due to the malfunctioning of the left ventricle, when the lungs are stagnant blood and its secretion with a cough. The person besides the cough is disturbed also by palpitation, and a short wind, and pains in the field of heart and so forth.
- Chronic diseases of ENT organs
often with chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, frontalitis, sinusitis due to the flow of mucus from the nose along the back wall of the throat, there may be a cough without temperature, it is concomitant and not associated with lower respiratory ways.
a prolonged dry cough, a temperature of 37-3, indicates a possible tuberculous process in the lungs or bronchi. To date, the situation of tuberculosis is very tense, even among people of high social status, the development of this formidable disease, persistent stressful situations, overfatigue, inadequate rest reduce the defenses of the body and since 90% of the population by the age of 30 is infected with a stick of Koch, provoking factors can lead to the activation of the mycobacterium in organism.
- Thyroid gland diseases
with a nodular or diffuse increase in the thyroid gland, pressure on the trachea occurs, causing a dry cough without temperature in adults.
- Some diseases of the digestive tract
can also cause a dry cough without fever, a reflex cough after eating in the case of an esophageal-tracheal fistula, reflux esophagitis, and esophageal diverticulum.
- If foreign matter enters the respiratory tract.
|Name of the disease||Characteristics of cough and other symptoms||Body temperature||Diagnostics|
|Some types of ARVI||Cough is first dry, then it becomes wet with sputum secretion||The temperature may not be or may be low-grade 37-3,||Examination of the therapist, pediatrician, general blood test|
|Chronic bronchitis, smoker's bronchitis||Chronic coughing is usually deaf, especially attacks in the morning, in the cold, when inhaling gassed or smoky air. With prolonged chronic bronchitis, sputum may be purulent.||With exacerbation or acute bronchitis, the temperature usually rises, especially with acute bronchitis in children, but with chronic temperature there is not or 37 with little.||Radiography of the chest, examination of the therapist, a general blood test, bacterial sputum culture on the sensitivity to antibiotics in the case of purulent sputum.|
|Chronic frontitis, sinusitis, rhinitis||For such diseases is characterized by frequent dry cough, especially at night.||In acute sinusitis and frontal sinusitis, the temperature is high, but with a chronic process, a cough and a temperature of 37 or normal||Examination with an otolaryngologist, an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses of the nose|
|Oncological diseases of the mediastinum||With oncological diseases cough can be dry, debilitating||Without temperature||Examination at a pulmonologist, oncologist - X-ray, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, blood test, oncomarker, etc.|
|Tuberculosis||Persistent cough with sputum or sparse phlegm, weakness, decreased appetite and performance, night sweats, chills.||The temperature is normal in the morning, by evening usually low-grade 37-3,||Chest x-ray, Computed tomography, tuberculin tests, phthisiatric consultation.|
|Professional cough||Appears in people working in hazardous manufacturing plants, when in the air many different chemicals, dust, such a cough is dry, exhausting without sputum||Without temperature||Inspection of the therapist, pulmonologist, X-ray of the lungs to exclude other pathologies.|
|Allergic reactions, allergic bronchitis||Cough is dry, without phlegm, in the form of perspiration, irritation, occurs after contact with the allergen - animals, dust, plant pollen, fluff, feather, wool, household chemicals, perfumes, washing powders.||Without temperature||Consultation of an allergist, immunologist|
|Heart failure, rhomboembolism of the pulmonary artery, heart defects,||A dry, prolonged cough without fever occurs after physical exertion and is strengthened in the prone position, but after the adoption of the vertical position it weakens. It is accompanied by shortness of breath, palpitation, high blood pressure, sometimes there are attacks of suffocation.||Without temperature||First, consult a therapist, then a cardiologist.|
|Lungs' cancer||In addition to dry coughing, people are concerned about chest pains. In the long-term process, dry cough can be accompanied by periodic sputum discharge with pus or blood.||Dry cough, temperature 37-3, or it may not be||Consultation of the oncologist-chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, general blood test, oncomarkers, etc.|
|Throat cancer||Signs of throat cancer, larynx in this disease is characterized by dry cough without temperature, not amenable to treatment, as well as possible shortness of breath, as the laryngeal lumen narrows. Sputum can be with blood, also blood can be in saliva and mucus from the nose.||Without temperature or 37-3,||Consultation of an otolaryngologist, oncologist.|
|Use of certain medicines||These drugs include: drugs for hypertension, ACE inhibitors, nitrofurans, beta-blockers, aspirin, amiodarone, Inhalation drugs-beclomethasone, ipratropium bromide, are able to cause a cough without temperature, chronic unproductive.||Without temperature||Tell the cardiologist about the drugs that you take and that they cause a cough.|
|Pneumonia in the elderly||It is very rare, but there are cases when pneumonia occurs without a temperature or with a slight unobtrusive increase, usually it is typical for the elderly, while, in addition to coughing, chest pains, weakness, loss appetite.||Pneumonia sometimes occurs without high fever with a strong cough, especially in weakened and elderly people.||Address to the therapist, chest X-ray, a general blood test.|
If a person is worried that he has a severe dry cough without fever and other symptoms of colds, he suffers from attacks of dry cough for a long time, do not delay the visit to therapist.
- First of all, one should be alerted and analyze when most often there are coughing attacks - if this is related to the quality of the inhaled air, the presence of new furniture, fresh repair in the apartment or the appearance of an animal, woolen or fur clothing, other clothes of poor quality - it is most likely a defensive reaction of the broncho-pulmonary system to toxic substances in dyes, plastics, particle boards, mattresses, carpets, etc. household items or an allergic reaction to wool, fur, fluff, feather, etc.
- If the cough is only at a certain time - only in the morning, most likely it is chronic bronchitis. If on the contrary, only at night or in a horizontal position - a heart cough, cough with diseases of ENT organs. If during a meal - it can be a cancer of the throat, larynx, gastrointestinal tract.
- Pay attention to the color, amount and consistency of sputum, this must be reported to the doctor, what color is it, whether there are impurities of blood, pus (yellow-green).
Strong cough without fever in the adult: causes, treatment and varieties
- Dry cough
- Prolonged cough
A severe cough without fever in an adult is a widespread symptom among people of young and old age.
Characteristic for various diseases, in the absence of treatment, prolonged coughing is steadily progresses in most cases, leading to the development of complications that significantly reduce the quality of life patient.
A growing strong cough without fever in an adult is a sign of an infectious process, characteristic of a decrease in immunity or for elderly patients.
Paroxysmal cough paroxysms are pathognomonic for the initial stages of whooping cough, which occurs without fever, runny nose and general impairment in children and adults. Night attacks are typical for exacerbation or debut of bronchial asthma as a result of irritation of the bronchial mucosa on the background of an allergic reaction. For asthma, a typical exhalation in the presence of a normal inhalation of air, hypersecretion of viscous sputum provokes the development of a strong cough without temperature in an adult and a child.
The causes of the pathological process are:
- nonspecific inflammation (ENT organs, upper respiratory tract, bronchi, trachea, lungs);
- infection (influenza, parainfluenza, measles, SARS, whooping cough, adenovirus, cytomegalovirus);
- allergy (pollinosis, sinusitis, bronchial asthma);
- trauma (foreign bodies, damage to the esophagus);
- cardiac arrhythmia (extrasystole, vegetovascular dystonia).
Manifestation of a symptom at night on the background of a stoppage of breathing and prolonged smoking in the anamnesis is a pathognomonic clinical picture of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Bronchitis of the smoker is transformed into an irreversible form, manifestations of which is a steadily progressing cough with the development of respiratory insufficiency of various degrees of severity.
Prolonged cough in an infant is a sign of the fistula of the thoracic esophagus, through which food enters the respiratory tract, causing irritation and a protracted inflammatory process.An incessant cough in childhood is a diagnostic problem that disrupts the physiological breathing and normal development of the child.
To suspect an infectious process the doctor will allow diagnostic examination, examination of sputum and the delivery of tests. Early treatment of severe cough without fever in adults and children is done taking into account the characteristics of the cough, its duration and the overall clinical picture.
Dry and wet cough differ depending on the stage and etiology of the process. Dry cough is the initial stage of inflammatory diseases, in which coughing tremors are a reflex mechanism. A dry, violent cough develops when foreign bodies enter the body, aimed at removing it from the upper respiratory tract. A moist cough is formed as a result of increased production of serous or purulent sputum, the ingestion of which into the lungs causes the development of pneumonia.
This complication is typical for people who have weak respiratory muscles and a sedentary lifestyle.Antitussives with a dry cough are used to stop the syndrome, eliminate inflammation of the mucous membrane. The purpose of the drug with moist cough promotes the development of severe forms of pneumonia. Expectorants with a damp cough are prescribed against the background of taking antibiotics to prevent the multiplication of pathogens.
When taking medication, you need to consume large amounts of water to dilute sputum. Breastfeeding is a folk remedy for cough, used in outpatient treatment. Herbal infusion is prepared in the following way: for 200 ml of boiling water dilute two or three tablespoons. collection, and then leave to insist for one hour. Feedback on the forums indicate the high effectiveness of this method for the treatment of dry and wet cough. The infusion is used 3 times a day for 10-14 days.
Dry cough without fever in an adult: a variety and their treatmentDry cough without fever in an adult has the following types and tactics of treatment.
Specific antiviral or antibacterial treatment is shown against the background of the use of expectorants and mokrotorazhizhayuschih drugs. The expediency of therapy is determined by the severity of the inflammatory process, in severe cases, in-patient treatment is required.
Removal of a foreign body is performed surgically or by bronchoscopy. Elimination of the cause of arrhythmia is under the control of a cardiologist, specific drugs are prescribed that stop the manifestation of extrasystole and vegetovascular dystonia.
Prolonged cough with phlegmis a sign of an infectious process, influenza, ARVI or pneumonia. Often accompanied by inflammation of the larynx, trachea and ENT organs. Accompanied by:
- high temperature;
- general weakness;
- decreased performance.
- Prolonged cough without phlegm(dry) is typical for allergic processes, bronchial asthma or the initial stages of infection (in the presence of rashes). An unproductive cough is accompanied by a sore throat, a throat, a heaviness in the head. Antiallergic therapy reduces exacerbation in the early stages.
- Prolonged cough without feverIs a characteristic syndrome of cardiac arrhythmia, foreign body entry to the mucosa or vocal cords. Diagnosis takes a long time, relief comes immediately after a targeted treatment, taking pills.
- Prolonged cough with phlegm without temperatureis formed with increased mucus production, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prolonged smoking, and work with construction dust, asbestos or cotton wool. In addition, dry cough without temperature in an adult is manifested with pulmonary tuberculosis, open or closed form, lung radiography clarifies the diagnosis.
Treatment of chronic obstruction begins with quitting smoking and taking bronchodilators short or long-acting. With the growth of fibrotic processes in the bronchi, patients are assigned enzyme preparations, as well as hormone therapy. With pulmonary tuberculosis, the patient is sent for specific therapy to the physiotherapy department of the hospital.
A prolonged cough without fever in an adult: a type of treatmentA prolonged cough without fever in an adult requires an early onset of a specific treatment after going through a wide diagnostic examination to determine the exact cause of the onset.
A blood test, sputum culture, as well as instrumental and functional research methods allow differentiate allergic and infectious diseases, foreign bodies of the upper respiratory tract and esophagus.
General treatment includes:
- to give up smoking;
- general strengthening procedures;
- enhancing the immune properties of the body;
- removal of the allergen;
- frequent wet cleaning.
Prevention of acute respiratory infections and infections is aimed at limiting contacts during the epidemic period, regular intake of immunoprophylactic drugs, and routine vaccination according to the vaccination schedule.
Mantoux reaction allows detecting tuberculosis infection at early stages, initiating early specific therapy, which significantly reduces the risk of exacerbations.
Medical treatment has the following directions:
Preparations for infectious and fungal diseases that have caused a prolonged cough without temperature at the adult, are selected individually by the attending physician taking into account the clinical picture and the affected organ.With severe pain on the background of coughing, an urgent start of treatment is required because of the high stress on the respiratory musculature.
With asthma and allergic pharyngitis treatment begins with anti-allergic antihistamines drugs, which are supplemented with bronchodilators to facilitate breathing and eliminate symptoms of cough. The bronchodilators work almost immediately, they are taken in the form of inhalations according to the doctor's prescription.
Folk remedies are aimed at restoring the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, reducing the production of sputum and mucus.Individual herbal infusions, such as oak bark, affect the degree of intensity of the inflammatory process, reducing the production of pro-inflammatory enzymes in the lesion.
Lime, marshmallow and plantain are used as antitussive drugs, but can be used only after consulting a doctor because of the risk of side effects. Breastfeeding is the safest and most versatile method for softly stopping a prolonged cough without fever in an adult and a child over 10 years of age..
Cough without fever
Some symptoms of colds run without temperature and, therefore, sometimes do not cause much concern. In fact, they are very dangerous. For example, a prolonged cough without fever and cold suggests that there is a latent infection in the body. This symptom is extremely serious. Let's take a closer look at the causes of this phenomenon and how to get rid of it.
Causes of Cough without Temperature
If a person coughs for a long time, but does not have temperature, a cold or sneezing, this can be a sign of such problems in the body:
- Hidden inflammation or allergic reaction. This cough in the throat is accompanied by a runny nose and sneezing, but the temperature of 37 does not rise higher.
- Heart failure.
- Venereal disease. With this pathology, a constant cough accompanied by skin irritation, a rash, and the temperature does not increase.
- Pneumonia or ARVI.
Sometimes people cough not because of a cold, but because of the pollution of the environment. Often this symptom, along with a runny nose, is observed in people working at a mine, metal processing plant or chemical plant. Very often, without a runny nose and temperature, smokers cough for a long time. In people with allergies, this condition can be caused by feather pillows, in which mites are found. To understand how to be treated for a prolonged cough without a cold and fever, determine whether it is dry or wet.
The main causes that can cause a dry cough (sometimes with wheezing) without fever and cold are:
- Allergy to external irritants. The body tries to release the respiratory system from irritating particles, for example, dust, animal hair, household chemicals.
- Ecology. If you live in an environmentally unfavorable place for a long time, then barking cough with a runny nose without temperature can be caused by environmental pollution. Long-term smoking exacerbates the situation. All this sometimes leads to chronic diseases of the respiratory system.
- Heart problems. In this situation, the condition worsens when lying down. Sometimes it becomes difficult to breathe because of this.
- Papillomatosis of the larynx. The larynx is covered with papillomas. Another patient feels uncomfortable in the throat, but there is no fever or runny nose, like with a cold.
The reasons for this cough (in the absence of fever and cold) can be the following problems:
- Bronchitis, tracheitis, other similar diseases. As a rule, this symptom is a residual phenomenon of the inflammations, the maximum duration of which is a month.
- False groats. With this diagnosis, a person has a very strong cough without a runny nose and fever with painful bouts. The sputum practically does not clear the throat.
- Tuberculosis. A dangerous disease, which often does not show any other symptoms. Coryza and cough with phlegm containing blood.
- Cold. In ARVI, a person suffers from a runny nose, even if the temperature remains normal.
Such a cough in the absence of a runny nose and temperature is very dangerous. Man, suffocating, his throat is very sore. This in no case can not be tolerated or treated at home. It is necessary urgently to address to the doctor who will define, by what symptom such such attacks are a symptom. If you sometimes cough up almost to vomiting, the reasons for this may be:
- bronchial asthma;
- whooping cough;
- a tumor in the lungs or bronchi;
A dry cough at night can be a sign of an allergy to natural pillow fillers. But he is also a symptom of other dangerous diseases. It is necessary to try to understand what other signs are observed, for example, a runny nose or sneezing. If you have snot with no temperature at night, you have snot, it's either a cold or an allergy. Often people cough at night because of the wrong structure of the skeleton or internal organs, or inflammation of the nerve endings.
If there is no chill during prolonged cough, this does not mean that there is no danger. Constant coughing may indicate that the body for some reason does not respond to the virus with high temperature. If this lasts a very long time, you need to undergo a medical examination. The reasons for this condition can be:
- heart diseases;
- complex form of bronchitis.
How to cure a cough
To cure a prolonged cough without fever, it is recommended to use medicines and folk recipes. If you prefer the first option, first visit the doctor so that he can determine the cause of the problem and prescribe the prescription for the appropriate medication. If it's a cold without temperature, then the tablets that dilute sputum will help. These include Mukaltin, Ambrobene, Brommgeksin. In more severe cases, antibiotics will be needed.
Wet cough at home is treated and folk medicine. Very effective will be a mixture of mashed cranberries and honey (in equal parts). It is also recommended to drink honey with lime blossom and birch buds in the proportion glass. The mixture is boiled in a water bath for a quarter of an hour, filtered and drunk three times a day on a small spoon. If you do not know how to stop a cough and how to treat this condition, rub your chest with badger fat, which has an anti-inflammatory effect. Be sure to drink plenty of warm liquid. Different approaches are used to treat cough in children and adults.
To cure a strong prolonged cough in an adult, you need to determine the cause of the symptom and eliminate it. Dry cough at night is treated with antitussive drugs so that a person can normally rest. If it is associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract, then you will need to drink pills for colds. The most important thing is to understand what to take to turn a permanent dry cough into a wet one. To do this, prescribe drugs that stimulate expectoration:
- Reflex. Drugs that drink with a prolonged cold. They affect the areas of the brain responsible for the cough reflex. The most common example is the leaves of mother-and-stepmother, plantain. Of the drugs - Codeine.
- Resorptive. Preparations that dilute sputum. Thanks to them, the lungs are intensively cleaned. Often, such medications are used for inhalations. Examples: ATSTS, Amtersol, Ascoril.
- Proteolytic. Make sputum less viscous. They include Gelomirtol, the herb of thyme.
- Mukoregulators. Tablets for increased production of phlegm, used to treat colds in most cases. For example, Ambroxol, Bromhexine.
A cough in a baby without temperature is normal, if the child is not naughty and sleeps well, behaves very actively, does not complain about a stuffed nose or weakness. But if barking, dry or wet cough does not pass, then you should consult a doctor. Pain when coughing and frequent long bouts, which sometimes lead to vomiting and do not give the baby in 3 years of sleep, talk about the presence of serious diseases in the body.
To treat a prolonged cough without fever, the child is prescribed:
- remedies that soothe spasms (Dzhoset, Ascoril, Kashnol);
- drugs for liquefaction of sputum (syrup Thyme, ACC, Bromhexine);
- expectorants (Stopoutsin, Bronchicum, Plantain syrup).
If your child has a dry allergic cough without a cold, the treatment should be comprehensive. In this situation, you need to drink antitussive drugs and visit an allergist who will identify the allergen and eliminate it. This can be household dust, pet hair. The specialist will write antihistamines (antiallergic), tell you what to drink for general strengthening therapy and improve immunity.
Video: Komarovsky on cough treatment in a child
Watch a video in which the famous children's doctor Eugene Komarovsky tells in detail how to treat a bad cough without a runny nose in an infant. Doctor's advice will help you understand why a cough occurs, what you need to do, so that the ailment quickly passes. Having looked at the video below, you will stop considering the cough something frightening and incomprehensible, and when it appears you can take correct steps without delay.
Why there is a night cough in an adult: the main reasons
Cough itself is not a disease. It's just a symptom. His appearance can say that the body is fighting infection. It happens both during the day and at night. Sometimes a person during the day feels fine, and at night can not fall asleep because of severe attacks of coughing. It can provoke the beginning catarrhal diseases, and the person in a horizontal position can not completely clear his throat. At night, all processes slow down. Slime does not resolve, but accumulates and this causes buhikanie.
Destination in case of disease
It performs the protective function of the body, which appears as a result of a disease or the presence of a foreign body inside the person's airways. It manifests itself in the form of jerky exhalations, which contribute to the removal of infection or sputum. Buhykanie helps the bronchi to clear and protects the patient from suffocation.Sudden occurrence of a cough may indicate the ingress of an alien body into the body, and if it does not go out by itself, you should immediately consult a doctor.Prolonged seizures, lasting for two weeks, mean that the cough passes into acute form, and if there is a protracted option - more than two months, it means that he moved to chronic.
A night cough that does not recur during the day can indicate serious illness. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the diagnosis accurately, and according to it to conduct treatment. It may be that it is caused by an allergic reaction to bedding. For example, down in the pillow. And then when it is replaced, there will be a night phenomenon.
Cough begins when mucous respiratory organs are irritated. After removing the cause of their occurrence, there will be a buzzing. And in order to understand which of them caused it, we must first determine the type of cough. It can be unproductive and damp.
Why does a dry cough appear at night?
This kind of buxing itself is fraught with danger. At night, attacks of an unproductive cough can lead to apnea. And the process of coughing brings unpleasant sensations, accompanied by nausea, shortness of breath, and sometimes suffocating.
The reason for this can be:
- obstructive bronchitis (here symptoms and treatment of obstructive bronchitis in adults are described);
In the picture - lungs with obstructive bronchitis
- defeat pleura in tuberculosis;
- bronchial asthma;
- heart failure;
- problems in the field of gastroenterology;
- respiratory chlamydia and mycoplasmosis;
- whooping cough;
Negative effects on the body of the latter can lead to a fit of coughing with suffocation, which is due to a lack of oxygen and often results in a loss of consciousness. This often occurs in people with asthma. Her pathogens can be all around: dust, fluff, plant pollen or insect bites.
Night cough with cardiac dysfunction is accompanied by shortness of breath, as well as an accelerated heartbeat. If it is associated with a malfunction in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, then his attacks will be caused by irritation nerve endings of the esophagus and airway membranes, in which there may be acid content stomach.
Also, the appearance of a cough may be affected by overdried air in a room where a person sleeps. Then you need to buy a special humidifier, so that it does not happen again.
If the cause is cardiovascular disease, then they can be accompanied by shortness of breath, with the nasolabial triangle becoming bluish.
The appearance of a night cough can also cause the localization of malignant neoplasms or pulmonary tuberculosis. Because of the ingress of foreign bodies in the form of coarsely dispersed dust or grains, which were deposited in the throat and began to affect its mucous membranes. It can be caused by aortic dilatation or enlarged lymph nodes.
The nature of dry buhikaniya can tell the cause of the disease. So, if you cough:
- loud and similar to barking a dogTrachea or larynx;
- frequent coughsIrritation of the pleura;
- whooping coughwith a noise and the urge to vomit - whooping cough;
- sharp boutsPleurisy or acute tracheobronchitis;
- bitonal buzzing- inflammation of the lymph nodes (often occurs in smokers);
- reflex attacks outside the respiratory system- Disease of the ears;
- stubborn coughspeaks about the problems in the lungs (pneumoconiosis, tuberculosis, collagenosis and sarcoidosis);
- whistlingoccurs with bronchial asthma;
- stiffindicates a pathology in the region of the bronchi.
For the correct diagnosis of a cough, it is necessary to take into account the accompanying symptoms and the environment of the patient.
Find out if laryngitis is transmitted by airborne droplets.
What does dry cough mean in the morning?
Possible treatment of green sputum when coughing: http://prolor.ru/g/simptomy-g/zelenaya-mokrota-pri-kashle.html.
Causes of a damp cough in the middle of the night
With acute inflammation of the throat, there is a buildup of mucus and a person begins to reflexively get rid of it. This is causing a productive cough. It often appears as a continuation of the dry kind, and lasts much longer than the previous one. With a protracted phenomenon can go into a chronic form.
It can cause the following diseases:
- focal pneumonia;
- breakthrough abscess in the lung;
- viral diseases;
- rhinitis (here you can read about the treatment of chronic rhinitis at home);
- breakthrough of the hepatic abscess;
- genyantritis (the reference describes drops in the nose with sinusitis and sinusitis);
- trachea or heart swelling;
- Gastrointestinal diseases;
- oncological diseases of the respiratory system;
- sinusitis (read what antibiotics to drink with sinusitis).
The video tells about the causes of a night cough in an adult:
Depending on the type of sputum, you can determine which disease caused it.
So, if it is scant and viscous, then the cause is bronchitis, asthma or tracheitis.
Slime, accompanied by fetid odor, appears as a result of breakthrough of lung abscess. Her color can also tell you about the alleged disease. So, the yellow-orange color of mucus may indicate pleuropneumonia. And if it shows blood splittings and along with a cough there is chills and fever, then this indicates the course of tuberculosis or the presence of oncological pathology. In viral diseases, dizziness, vomiting and high fever can occur simultaneously with a wet cough. By reference, you can read more about the causes, if you cough up yellow sputum.
If a cough with mucus secretion is the only symptom that is not accompanied by anything, it indicates an inflammatory process in the lungs or the course of tuberculosis.
The acute form often appears on the background of acute respiratory disease. Prolonged may indicate pertussis, rhinitis, or sinusitis. A prolonged wet cough at night should be treated only as prescribed by the doctor, this is not the case when it can be delayed with his treatment.
Even knowing the cause of its occurrence, you do not need to put a definitive diagnosis yourself. It is better to provide doctors who, after observing the diagnostic algorithm: examinations, examinations, X-rays and endoscopic examinations will be able to prescribe the necessary treatment. If it is done on time, the consequences in the form of complications will be bypassed. Here you can read about the causes of a child's night cough.
Strong cough in an adult: treatment, reasons
Causes of severe cough in adultsCough occurs when irritation of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract. This is a protective reaction of the body in response to infection, when the tracheal receptors are irritated. Cough can be wet and dry. A severe cough leads to a disruption of the normal functioning of the vocal cords and a person loses voice. The main causes of cough include:
- bronchial asthma in severe form;
- pharyngitis and laryngitis;
- heart failure;
Severe coughing also worries when inhaled by cold or hot air. With asthma of an adult, people suffer from attacks of suffocating cough. He experiences pain in the abdomen and chest. When a foreign body enters the respiratory tract, for example, dust particles, then the cough ends only when the foreign object is removed. Respiratory diseases of the pharynx, nasal cavity and larynx are accompanied by a strong barking cough. With laryngitis, the dry cough gradually turns to moist. Smoking for more than two years leads to a chronic smoker's bronchitis, which is characterized by growing coughing attacks, accompanied by a shortage of air.
Strong cough at night in an adult
Attacks of night cough in adults appear most often against the background of asthma, because of heart failure or food reflux. During an asthmatic attack, whistling breaths are heard and breathing is difficult. With heart failure, a severe dry cough is accompanied by shortness of breath and rapid heart rate. Gastroenterology irritates the nerve endings of the esophagus with stomach acid.
You can calm the attack with a warm drink. This herbal decoction, milk with honey or mineral water. They soften the mucous membrane and help to sputum. Soothe and steam inhalation. If the cause is allergy, then take an antihistamine.
Strong coughing before vomiting in an adult
With whooping cough, the cough is similar to a cold cough. In this case there are convulsions, which lead to vomiting. Seizures can be repeated up to fifty times during the day. This leads to hemoptysis and nosebleeds. The disease can last up to six weeks, depending on the characteristics of the body. Self-healing in this case is impossible. Medical help is needed. You will be assigned certain tests, which will result in targeted treatment. In most cases, usual expectorant and cough suppressants do not help. A course of antibiotics is prescribed, which will destroy the causative agent of whooping cough. Also, cough treatment before vomiting is combined with the use of immunostimulating drugs.
Strong cough without fever in an adult
A severe cough without fever can cause stress, anxiety or a nervous shock. This is the so-called psychogenic cough. Long stay in a room with dry air irritates the respiratory tract and also leads to coughing. If a strong cough you are tormenting for more than a month, then it is worth turning to a pulmonologist, an allergist, a phthisiatrist or an oncologist to identify the cause. It is possible that it is lung cancer, trachea, throat or tuberculosis. Cough for cardiovascular disease should be distinguished from a smoker's cough or from bronchial asthma. He appears after physical exertion and without sputum. This indicates the incorrect operation of the left ventricle when blood is stagnant in the lungs. In addition, a person complains of pain in the region of the heart, dyspnea and heart palpitations. In diseases of the thyroid gland, enlarged nodules press on the trachea, causing a strong cough. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - diverticulum of the esophagus, food reflux lead to a cough after eating.
Strong cough in an adult: treatment
The choice of treatment for an adult depends on the type of cough and the reasons that cause it. With any manifestation, the adoption of certain measures has a positive effect:
- humidification of dry air in the room;
- use of a large amount of warm drink to dilute and expectorate sputum;
- complete refusal to smoke;
- carrying out of inhalation procedures;
- Avoid chemical fumes;
- do not overcool;
- do not visit crowded places during the period of mass epidemics.
How to treat a severe cough in an adult?
Treatment of a strong cough should be done under the supervision of a doctor, especially if:
- a strong cough lasts more than two weeks;
- labored breathing;
- the fever keeps;
- there is a rapid heart rate, loss of strength and dizziness;
- in the phlegm there are traces of blood.
Antibiotics for severe cough in adults
Admission of antibiotics is prescribed for severe bronchitis, bacterial tracheitis and bacterial pneumonia. Then the treatment will quickly lead to recovery. If the nature of the disease is viral, then antibiotics are useless. To make the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to pass a sputum analysis to establish sensitivity to antibiotics. In general, preparations of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed. These include: Summamed, Amoxiclav, Flemoclav, Cefotaxime. To drugs with a narrow focus are Suprax and Azithromycin.
Folk remedies for severe cough in adults
In folk medicine, there are many recipes for fighting a strong cough:
In a saucepan pour a glass of water, add one teaspoon of flower honey, a pinch of salt and two tablespoons of anise seeds. Bring to a boil, then cool and take five times a day on a teaspoon.
Mix in equal amounts honey and cranberries. Take three times a day.
In three hundred grams of honey add half a glass of water and a glass of finely chopped scarlet. Cook for two hours. Take it three times a day on a tablespoon.
In the evening, cut off the top of the black radish and put two tablespoons of honey in the notch and close it. In the morning the medical syrup is ready. It should be taken twenty minutes before eating a teaspoon four times a day.
Cook the lemon for ten minutes. Then squeeze the juice and add two tablespoons of honey and glycerin. Take six times a day in a teaspoon.
Shredded leaves of plantain mixed in equal parts with honey and put on a warm plate for four hours. The resulting syrup dilutes sputum well. Take it three times a day in a teaspoonful.