Non-passing cough in adult causes

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Prolonged (long) cough

A long cough occurs in people very often, and it does not depend on the social status or the security of individuals. When he does not pass a week, it is written off for a cold and rarely worried about it. Just what to do when an unceasing reflex action becomes intrusive and lasts for a whole year? And if 5 years or more? It should be noted that there are a large number of diseases that have a protracted cough. It can last several months and then disappear for six months. To such ailments include allergy to pollen of plants, chronic bronchitis, etc.

Prolonged cough can be a manifestation of slow flushing pneumonia. If the reflex action does not take a month, you should always seek help from a doctor. This must be done even if the person is completely sure of the reason for the occurrence of an involuntary act. The thing is that a long-lasting cough can appear due to simultaneous influence of several reasons. Recognize them only when passing specific tests. 3 weeks, 6 weeks or 6 months is a long time during which the disease can be transformed into a more severe form of the disease.

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That is why doctors advise already two weeks after the onset of the manifestation of the reflex act necessarily to attend, even if other symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, runny nose are absent. Often you can hear complaints that a person coughs and can not stop. This condition can be observed both for 2 weeks, and for many years. What is the cause of the appearance of a long cough? Is it possible to avoid its beginning and what to do for this?

Prolonged cough: a visible manifestation of a symptom

A long cough can develop regardless of age. Very often, there are no serious reasons for its occurrence. Prolonged cough in an adult can last several years and at the same time not bring him much discomfort. In this case, we are talking about a reflex act accompanying lovers of smoking and alcohol. These bad habits negatively affect the entire body as a whole. Most of all, they harm the smooth operation of the airways.

When the cough does not pass for a long time, it is necessary to analyze the visible manifestations of the reflex act, that is, what it is:

  • The jerky force action is very intrusive, it lasts almost without stopping. This occurs when the peak development of a viral disease, an attack of an asthmatic, involuntary act.
  • A protracted cough does not stop for several months, although the medical treatment of pneumonia or bronchitis has long been over. The fact is that in this situation such an effect can be observed for almost 5 weeks or more. This is due to the fact that the antitussive receptors have not yet completely recovered from the harmful effects of viruses and bacteria and Any, even the most insignificant stimulus, for example, smoke, a sharp smell, can cause an involuntary reflex action that hurts of people.
  • A strong expectorating long cough is observed in chronic bronchitis during its exacerbation, mucoscidosis.
  • A dry reflex act, which does not pass even after taking mucolytics, indicates a chemical effect on the respiratory tract. Here it is, most likely, about poisoning with harmful vapors or inhaling substances in the form of suspensions. Most often, this reaction is observed in workers of harmful industries.
  • If a protracted cough lasts more than half a year, then this may indicate a serious illness, such as pulmonary tuberculosis. This diagnosis is checked by passing the fluorography and giving the sputum to reveal in it the concentration of the Koch sticks. It should be noted that in small amounts it is present in the body of every person. With a decrease in immunity, tuberculosis can develop even without contact with people who have an open form of the disease.
Prolonged for a long time, a wet cough is a signal that there are negative changes in the body. It can be a symptom of not only viral diseases, but also ailments of the cardiovascular system, talking about the appearance of nervous disorders. However, in most cases, it is still about residual effects after pneumonia, chronic bronchitis.

Causes of prolonged cough

It is necessary to distinguish the following reasons, which have a significant effect on the appearance of a long protracted cough:

  • Reflex action is manifested in the elderly. Unfortunately, in this case we are talking, more often than not, about the age-related changes in the body. Completely remove this symptom is not possible. It is softened by medication.
  • Of great importance is how long a protracted cough lasts. A prolonged paroxysmal involuntary act arises from the laryngeal edema, the effects of reagents.
  • Negative influence of the environment. WHO notes that in industrial centers with developed industry, a moist reflex action can appear in any person. The reason for its occurrence is the negative state of the environment. It should be noted that the forced exhalation can last a week even if the negative impact of the damaged ecology is removed. Such a period is necessary for the body to cope with it naturally.
  • Incompetent use of medicines. How often do people do self-medication with prolonged cough? Yes, with the help of mucolytics, it is possible to translate dry cough into a moist reflex act. Only, unfortunately, often the illness is healed and becomes chronic. In this case, it is very difficult to cope with the reason for the occurrence of a long act, since the organism develops resistance to certain medications.
  • Cough of smokers. As a rule, people even after throwing this negative habit reflex action is kept for a long time. This is due to the fact that nicotine for many years irritated the cough receptors, negatively influenced the entire body and in order to restore it is not necessary 6-7 months, but much more time.

It turns out that a protracted cough can last more than a month, six months, a year and even a few years. And completely get rid of this symptom is very difficult. In order to achieve this result, you need to know exactly the cause of the disease. A full medical examination can help in this.

Why does not a dry cough go away? Causes of dry cough in children and adults

Coughing is a reflex, just like breathing itself. And his appearance indicates that there was some kind of pathogen - allergic, infectious, viral, that is, the cause of dry cough, serious or not, which causes irritation in the respiratory tract and causes the body to clear them of the - allergen, infection, virus or foreign body.

Cough itself is not a disease, it is a symptom of over 50 different diseases or allergic manifestations, from common cold to tuberculosis, oncology, bronchial asthma or heart disease. Most often, a dry cough lasts for several days, moving into productive, moist with sputum, but can sometimes be prolonged. The duration of dry cough is divided into:

  • Acute - which after a few days passes into the wet or passes
  • Prolonged - which lasts from 3 weeks to 3 months
  • Chronic - which lasts more than 3 months.

Let's see why the dry cough does not last a long time, which diseases are the cause of dry cough.

The main causes of dry cough associated with the respiratory system

The most common causes of dry cough are inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which are caused by viruses and pathogenic bacteria.

In this case, a strong organism with a strong immune system cope on its own, and if the immune response the virus or infection is weakened, then antibiotics or antiviral drugs come in for ARVI and influenza.

When parainfluenza and the flu should always consult a doctor, as these are very insidious diseases, which recently become very aggressive, leading to a mass of complications. How to distinguish the flu from ARVI read in our article.

If during the acute respiratory viral infection, flu or other infectious disease, a dry cough does not last for a long time, it can be caused by:

  • firstly because the immune system in a person is significantly weakened
  • Secondly, that there are provoking factors that affect the duration of dry cough, they include: smoking and drinking alcohol, very dry air in the room and taking in insufficient amounts of fluids for cold or viral disease.
  • thirdly, the attachment of a secondary infection or complication after a viral disease, when bacterial bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, pharyngitis develops, etc.

Diseases of the pleura and lungs can also be accompanied by a dry, painful cough - pneumonia, pleurisy. Most often there is a high fever, shortness of breath, chest pain.

Atypical forms of pneumonia

It should also be borne in mind that a prolonged cough can be a consequence of mycoplasma and chlamydia, these pathogens microorganisms can cause atypical pneumonia, bronchitis, which can occur for a long time, periodically recur. To differentiate the pathogen that caused pneumonia or bronchitis, you can take a blood test using ELISA.

Pertussis, measles, false croup

Pertussis can cause dry cough in children, and in adults. Pertussis is considered to be a childhood infectious disease, although vaccinations have reduced cases of whooping cough among children, but they occur, in addition, weakened adults also sometimes recorded cases of whooping cough. With this disease, a convulsive cough is so severe that it often leads to vomiting. In this case, you should take antitussive remedies for dry cough, such as Sinekod, Libeksin, Bronholitin, and others.

In addition to pertussis, among childhood diseases characterized by a strong dry cough, measles and false groats can be identified. Measles, other than cough, is also characterized by rashes on the skin and mucous membranes (see Fig. symptoms of measles in children). With false croup, the vocal cords, larynx, trachea and bronchi are involved in the inflammation process, so it is characterized by a barking cough. This disease is more likely to affect children under 3 years old.


Tuberculosis is a formidable disease, which has also been epidemic in recent years, not only among low social as it is commonly believed, but also among the wealthy strata of the population, with the development of favorable factors for its progression. Constant nervous tension, stressful situations, lack of adequate nutrition and good rest, fascination various depleting diets, can lead to the development of tuberculosis even among businessmen and high social status.

By 20-30 years it is believed that each person is infected with a stick of Koch, but a strong immune system with it copes. It is only necessary to weaken the body and mycobacterium tuberculosis can become more active and cause pulmonary tuberculosis and extrapulmonary forms.

As for the dry cough, it can be caused by tuberculosis of the lungs, bronchi or trachea, larynx. It begins with a dry, unproductive cough, obtrusive coughing, weakness, while body temperature rarely is more than 3, -3, most often it rises to low-grade figures and only in the evening.

Tuberculosis can be the cause of dry cough in adults, as well as in children, which is especially dangerous, as tuberculosis today is not the tuberculosis that was 40 years ago. Now a large number of drug-resistant forms of this terrible disease are registered, which require a longer and expensive treatment, and in combination with other chronic illnesses in the patient or HIV infection lead to lethal outcome.

Laryngitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis

are also frequent causes of dry cough. With pharyngitis, the mucous pharynx is involved in the inflammatory process, and with laryngitis, the mucous larynx is involved. Both these diseases are both acute and chronic, cough while it is dry, barking, exhausting, intensifying at night. With frequent inhalation of dusty air, dry, cold, and also in the presence of irritating gases and vapors in the air, tracheitis can develop - both acute and chronic. There is also a painful dry cough.

Diseases of ENT organs

Against the backdrop of various diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, sinusitis, or chronic rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, the appearance of night dry cough is due to the syndrome of postnasal swelling. When these diseases acquire a chronic course, not infrequently, the mucus that is separated from the nasal sinuses begins to flow down the back wall of the pharynx, it irritates the cough receptors in the tracheobronchial tree. This cough may seem productive and moist, since nasal mucus is released during cough, but this cough should be considered dry.

Oncological diseases of respiratory organs

Cancer of the bronchi, lungs, trachea, throat cancer, and mediastinal organs (organs located between the sternum and the spine - the heart, bronchi, aorta, etc.). If the dry cough does not persist for a long time, it worries both day and night, as soon as possible, turn to doctor, blood test, X-ray of lungs, according to indications, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, oncolikers. With any chronic cough it is necessary to find out the exact cause of its appearance, for today the oncological tension is getting stronger, cancer appears even in young people, and everyone knows that the timely detection of cancer increases the chances of recovery or significant prolongation of life.

Only on the basis of the examination the doctor can not establish the cause of a protracted cough - this is not possible, therefore it is necessary to pass the tests and pass several examinations according to the indications - blood test, sputum, spirography, spirometry, X-ray, bronchoscopy, bodipletizmography, tussography, MRI, CT.

Causes of dry cough, not associated with inflammatory processes of the respiratory system

Allergic cough

In recent decades, the number of people suffering from various allergic reactions has increased significantly among the Russian population, especially in children. Almost all children today have any allergic reactions, if not food allergy, so allergy to dust, wool, pollen, ticks, etc. Pollinosis - a seasonal allergy to the pollen of flowering plants, which appears in spring and summer, has a hay fever very a large number of people, it is manifested by sneezing, runny nose, tearing, itching mucous and dry allergic cough.

Bronchial asthma

a very common disease, characterized by a chronic, painful dry cough and attacks of suffocation. This disease can not be considered only a disease of the bronchi, it is a serious pathology, which is associated with a general violation of immunity, nervous system and allergy.

The impact of toxic substances in everyday life

household chemicals containing chlorine, washing powders, etc., the presence of cities in the air, megacities of the abundance of exhaust gases, leads to the emergence of an allergic dry cough. Also pay attention to when you started a dry cough, it may be somehow connected with the purchase of new furniture, new repairs, purchase of household appliances. Modern industry, especially the production of plastic, furniture, building materials, even children's toys, often uses abundance toxic chemicals that can irritate mucous nasopharynx, bronchi, causing chronic chemical poisoning. If there are a lot of such products in the room, they are new and exude a smell - this can be the cause of a dry cough.

Glistular invasion

Occasionally, cases of ascariasis are recorded, during which, during the migration of the ascarid larvae along a small circle of circulation, they linger in the lung tissue, causing a superficial dry cough. Getting into the lungs, the trachea and the bronchi, they cause irritation of the cough receptors, the migration phase with ascariasis is 8-14 days (see Fig. ascarids-symptoms and treatment).

Professional dry cough

The reason for its appearance may be related to work in harmful production, where in the air a mass of suspensions of toxic substances that cause dry cough in the workers is formed. Workers of the stone-working and coal-mining industry often develop silicosis of the lungs. Also among occupational diseases that cause dry cough is the disease of American farmers or fibrosing alveolitis, where dry cough is only a debut of pathology, the outcome of which is a severe respiratory failure.

Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract provoke a dry reflex cough without temperature, it happens after eating with diverticula of the esophagus, esophagus-tracheal fistula, reflux-esophagitis.

Acceptance of certain medicines

as a rule, ACE inhibitors, which are used to lower blood pressure and treat other cardiovascular diseases. In 20% of patients, these medicines cause a dry cough, if after discontinuation of the drug it disappears, therefore, this cough was a side effect of the drug taken.

Cardiovascular diseases, heart failure may also be the cause of dry cough

The cause of allergies, a provoker of allergic reactions can be established with the help of tests, which will be directed by an allergist. It is worth taking seriously any manifestations of allergy, as it is not just a dry cough, runny nose or a rash, with a strong an allergic reaction can occur anaphylactic shock, Quincke's edema, which without timely medical care can be deadly.

Dry cough for a long time does not pass with the adult: the reasons, than to treat

Coughing is a reaction of the body to getting on the mucous epithelium of the airways of any irritant of a viral, bacterial allergic nature or evidence of being in the respiratory tract foreign body.

The causes of dry cough should be sought among multiple diseases or allergens.

Dry cough in an adult can occur due to a common cold or as a result of an oncological disease. Even the pathologies of the heart can be the cause of this phenomenon.

But in this case we are talking about the causes that are somehow connected with the human respiratory system. So, cough can be triggered by the following diseases:

  1. ARVI - parainfluenza, influenza, MS infection;
  2. atypical pneumonia;
  3. pleurisy;
  4. measles;
  5. pharyngitis;
  6. whooping cough;
  7. tracheitis;
  8. laryngitis;
  9. sinusitis, sinusitis;
  10. false cereals;
  11. tuberculosis;
  12. bronchial asthma;
  13. oncological diseases of the respiratory system.

The main factors of dry cough, not associated with inflammation in the respiratory system:

  • inhalation of toxic substances;
  • allergic reaction;
  • professional dry cough;
  • gastro-esophageal reflux;
  • helminthic invasions;
  • taking medicines;
  • hit foreign body.

And now for each reason more.

Acute respiratory infections

ARVI is a list of acute respiratory-viral respiratory diseases, which have similar symptoms and morphological signs. A long and severe dry cough is characteristic of parainfluenza, influenza and MS infection.

A virus is a viral infection that affects the nose, throat, and in some cases, the lungs. The main signs of the disease are:

  1. dry cough;
  2. general weakness;
  3. fever;
  4. coryza;
  5. a sore throat.

Paragripp is an anthroponous SARS. The signs of this illness include:

  • dry, barking cough;
  • coryza;
  • sensation of dryness and perspiration in the throat;
  • subfebrile (up to 38 ℃) or normal body temperature.

Respiratory syncytial infection is a viral pathology, which, as a rule, affects the lower respiratory tract. For this disease is typical dry cough, which goes into the wet for 3-5 days. The patient's temperature is either normal or subfebrile.

If a person develops this syndrome, the patient must provide bed rest and a generous warm drink. For the removal of acute symptoms are symptomatic treatment, prescribe antiviral drugs and give medicines to lower the temperature.

If a dry cough does not go away after a few days, the patient is prescribed expectorants.

It is necessary to treat ARVI, since a neglected disease can result in serious complications. Therefore, you need to contact a medical facility.

Pleurisy, pneumonia, whooping cough

If the cough does not go away for a long time, it probably indicates a disease called pleurisy. Pleurisy is a disease of the pleural leaves, accompanied by the deposition of fibrin on them or the accumulation of exudative fluid in the pleural cavity.

What syndrome is typical for pleurisy?

  1. Dry cough.
  2. Dyspnea.
  3. Painful sensations when breathing.
  4. Weakness.
  5. Cyanosis.
  6. A slight increase in temperature.

Treatment can only be carried out by a doctor after determining the true cause of the disease. Most often, the patient is prescribed antibacterial or anti-tuberculosis drugs. As an additional therapy, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating and desensitizing drugs can be prescribed.

Atypical pneumonia is a disease with an unusual symptomatic course. The factors that provoke atypical pneumonia are atypical pathogens.

Symptoms of the disease:

  • dry cough that does not last long;
  • headache;
  • fever;
  • extrapulmonary symptoms, characteristic of these pathogens.

Since the drugs from most atypical pathogens have not yet been established, treatment is carried out with broad-spectrum antibiotics, antiviral agents and glucocorticosteroids.

Pertussis is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets. Pathology is bacterial in nature and is accompanied by a spastic paroxysmal cough that does not go away for a long time. To this symptom is added a small runny nose and a slight increase in temperature.

Treatment consists in taking antihistamines, bronchodilators and antitussives.

Pharyngitis, measles, laryngitis, false croup

For a long time does not pass cough and with pharyngitis, moreover - this is the main syndrome of this disease. In addition to this sign, pharyngitis is characterized by perspiration and sore throat, subfebrile condition.

To treat the disease you need inhalation, gargling, systemic antibiotics and abundant warm drink.

The next reason for the appearance of a dry cough is measles. This disease is provoked by a virus and is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  1. dry, incessant cough;
  2. significant increase in body temperature, up to 40 ℃;
  3. coryza;
  4. photophobia;
  5. characteristic rash;
  6. hoarseness.

Treatment consists of the reception of mucolytic, antipyretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs. Measles is dangerous with serious consequences, which is why when you suspect this pathology, you should immediately call a doctor at home. In itself, measles never passes, it requires adequate treatment.

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat. The disease can be suspected by the following signs:

  • a long and severe dry cough;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • loss of voice;
  • Persecution;
  • there is pain when swallowing.

Treatment of laryngitis is quite simple. The patient should limit himself in conversations and irritating spicy food, drink as much warm liquid as possible, do inhalations and gargle. In order to prevent the disease from becoming chronic, it must be treated.

False cereal is a special type of laryngitis, in which there is a syndrome of diminishing laryngeal clearance and spasm of the glottis. The patient becomes difficult to breathe, and attacks of suffocation most often appear at night.

This condition can end asphyxia, which is why when these signs appear it is urgent to call an ambulance. What to do in anticipation of an ambulance?

The patient needs to provide good access to fresh air, make a foot bath and give a warm drink.

Tracheitis, asthma, sinusitis, tuberculosis

If the cough does not go away for a long time, then it arises from attacks, accompanied by pain in the throat and for sternum, sputum and a small fever - the doctor may well suspect the patient tracheitis.

Treatment of this disease consists in the appointment of antibiotics and antiviral agents. At a high body temperature, the patient is given antipyretic drugs, and if there is no temperature, steam inhalations should be done.

Bronchial asthma is a chronic ailment that manifests itself not only in the defeat of the bronchi, but also in a decrease in immunity, a violation of the nervous system, and allergies. The main symptom of the disease is a painful dry cough, which is accompanied by suffocation.

For their arrest, bronchodilators are prescribed, as a supportive therapy the patient must constantly take:

  1. antagonists of leukotriene receptors;
  2. cromones;
  3. glucocorticosteroids.

Most often, asthma does not go away, but remains with a person for life.

Sinusitis, sinusitis, rhinitis - these three diseases are the causes of the "postnasal sinking syndrome". On the pharyngeal wall, the mucus drains from the nasal sinuses from time to time, it excites the cough receptors, which causes a dry cough. In this case, treatment should be aimed at the underlying disease.

Tuberculosis is a very dangerous infectious pathology, the pathogens of which are mycobacteria. Unfortunately, the illness for a very long time can be asymptomatic and can be discovered quite accidentally during a medical examination.

Symptoms of tuberculosis:

  • dry cough, which does not go very long;
  • general fatigue, weakness;
  • sweating;
  • low-grade fever;
  • sharp weight loss.

The treatment of tuberculosis is very complicated and requires the use of anti-tuberculosis multicomponent chemotherapy.

Other causes of dry cough

If the patient has a dry cough, it can signal a cancer of the throat, trachea, bronchi or lungs. Therefore, with incessant coughing, you should always contact a doctor who will refer the patient to a full examination and, in accordance with the diagnosis, prescribe adequate therapy.

Some patients, knowing that they have cancer, prefer not to do anything and make a big mistake. Modern methods of treatment can permanently get rid of a cancerous tumor if the measures are taken on time.

What else can cause a dry cough? Today, a huge number of people suffer from allergic manifestations. Allergies to dust, flowering plants, chemicals, animal wool are accompanied by:

  1. itching;
  2. cough;
  3. lacrimation;
  4. coryza.

With this nature of cough, the patient is prescribed antihistamines.

Dry professional cough may occur in people engaged in industries in which air is overloaded with numerous toxins that irritate the cough receptors. In this situation, the solution to the problem is only one thing: change of job.

Gastro-esophageal reflux is a painful condition when the contents of the stomach suddenly enter the esophagus or throat. Gastric juice begins to irritate the mucosa, resulting in a cough.

This condition is accompanied by painful swallowing, heartburn, chest pain. Treatment consists of diet, prokinetics, antacid and antisecretory drugs.

Dry cough can occur as a result of falling into the respiratory system of a foreign body. In addition to coughing, choking may occur, so with such a problem you should immediately run to the doctor. What is a prolonged cough. and what to do with it will tell the video in this article.

Why does not it cough?

Coughing is not an independent disease. It arises as a reaction of the respiratory tract to foreign particles that enter into them. That's why many experts do not recommend using antitussive drugs. Stopping cough means leaving in the respiratory system what should not be there. It is better to try to help the body to remove unnecessary elements, and for this cough should be strengthened. Antitussives are prescribed only to those who have recently undergone surgery or those who are beginning to vomit from a dry cough or if a person begins to suffocate.

Why does the cough last for a long time?

The reason for the dry cough is that the causative agent is viral, infectious or allergic in the respiratory system. After a while, dry cough becomes wet. Sometimes this transition is delayed and the person coughs for about three weeks. If the cough lasts more than three weeks, it is called chronic.

Why does the cough last for a long time? Everything depends on the immunity. If it is strong, then the cough will pass for a couple of weeks, or maybe earlier. If the body is weakened by illnesses, a wrong way of life, bad habits and poor nutrition, the cough is prolonged.

In order to get rid of cough, you need to understand what caused it. For this, it is necessary to donate blood and sputum for analysis.

If a convulsive cough leads to vomiting, then doctors recommend taking antitussive drugs, such as "Libexin "Sinekod" or "Broncholitin". Dry cough is with measles. This disease is characterized by rashes on the mucous membranes and skin.

False croup is manifested barking cough. With this disease, the larynx, ligaments, trachea and bronchi suffer. Terrible disease, which is an epidemic, is considered tuberculosis. If a person does not rest, eat poorly and is in constant stress, then he is at risk.

Causes of an impassable cough

If after coughing, sinusitis or pharyngitis cough for a long time does not pass, it means that the disease was not treated. Laryngitis is characterized by barking cough, which is accompanied by hoarseness. The causes of an impassable cough may be that the body gets chlamydia, fungi or cytomegalovirus.

Why does not a dry cough go away?

More than fifty diseases are accompanied by a cough. The nature of the cough is not always contagious, sometimes it is a sign of an allergic reaction.

Why does dry cough not pass in adults? Causes can be bad habits, viruses or peculiarities of working conditions. If a person does not gasp from a cough, then panic is not worth it. When coughing leads to choking, you need to sound an alarm and call an ambulance.

Why does not coughing go Phlegm?

If you do not pay attention to your health or treat improperly the acute respiratory diseases, then cough can not only be prolonged, but also give serious complications.

Why does not coughing go Phlegm? Allergy is characterized by a runny nose, a rash, a cough and lachrymation, in addition, some have perspiration and shortness of breath. To treat a cough it is not necessary independently, as such symptoms can be and at a bronchitis, a laryngitis and other diseases. The person will start to be treated for allergies and remove the allergen from the body, but it turns out that he has pneumonia. Therefore, it is better not to take risks, but to seek help from a doctor.

Why does not it cough after antibiotics?

Antibiotics are not a panacea, they can not get rid of all diseases. If the cough does not pass a long time, some doctors prescribe a course of antibiotics. However, this does not always help. Antibiotics can even make a wet cough dry and worsen the situation.

Why does not it cough after antibiotics? The thing is that a person can not comply with the dosage. Also, the reason may be in the incorrectly selected preparation.

Why does the child not cough?

Children often get sick, and cough and runny nose are their favorite diseases. The fact that the immune system of the child is imperfect and until the baby does not get sick with all conceivable and unthinkable diseases several times, his immunity will not grow stronger.

Those children who attend kindergarten are sick much more often than those who stay at home. It is a fact. But many parents noticed that in school these children are less susceptible to viruses and bacteria. That is, you need to get naughty in the kindergarten, then to study peacefully.

Why does the child not cough? There is no unambiguous answer to this question. Everything is strictly individual here. At one child the allergy and tussis does not pass or take place, because near all time there is an allergen. Another kid caught a cold and his parents began to treat him incorrectly. The third - in general, choked skinned persimmons, and she was stuck in the respiratory tract. In order to save the child from cough in a short time, you need to go to the doctor and get appointments. If the mother is experienced and knows her child well, then it is not necessary for her to observe all the prescriptions of the doctor, she can make up her own scheme of treatment based on medical prescriptions. Doctors are people too, and they have mistakes.

In the treatment of cough, the main thing is an abundant drink, regular airing of the room, in which there is a patient and proper nutrition. If the child does not have a temperature, then you can walk with him a little. Fresh air circulating in the lungs will help to remove viruses and bacteria faster.

Antiviral drugs and antibiotics can be used only, as a last resort, and only after the doctor appoints. Cough can be due to a cold, when slime drips down the throat, it causes irritation and the child begins to cough. In order to get rid of this cough, you just need to cure a cold. That is, rinse the nasopharynx and drip drops, for example, "Protargol".

In some diseases of the respiratory tract, inhalations are prescribed, which can be either steam or medicinal. With any cough, you can do inhalation with mineral water. Inhalations with "Lazolvanom" or "Berodual" can only be done if the doctor prescribes it. After all, the inflammation in the upper part of the respiratory tract may fall lower. Tracheitis can develop into bronchitis or pneumonia, a disease that sometimes has a lethal outcome.

In order to save the child from cough, it is possible to arrange small chopped garlic around the house. Often, give the baby a cup of tea or warm milk with a raspberry jam or honey. Lime tea helps a lot.

And the main thing is not to panic and trust your own intuition. If the parents have a first-born and do not have a number of grandparents who have a colossal experience behind their shoulders, it is better to immediately consult a doctor. If the child is not the first and my mother has seen many times how the children are sick, then you need to try to understand what caused the cough and start treatment.

Prolonged (prolonged) cough in adults

In the formation of a protracted cough in adults in 80% of cases, an experienced physician can after the first examination determine the cause of the disease and prescribe adequate treatment. The basis for issuing a conclusion is a visual examination of an adult (throat, listening) and his story about the fact that it is he who feels when coughing, whether sputum is allocated or not, what color and consistency, etc., P.

Unfortunately, in most cases people do not take seriously the appearance of a reflex act, which, in turn, leads to the appearance of chronic diseases. In this case, coughing in adults acquires a completely different character. It becomes strong, deep and can last more than a month. There are other reasons why the protracted reflex act does not pass quickly. These include ailments that provoke the development of jerky reflex action of a chronic nature.

Prolonged cough in adults caused by allergies

The cause of a constant and intrusive reflex act is the ingress of minute particles into the body, which cause a negative reaction. The most common allergens include the following substances: flour, animal hair, plant pollen, insect chitin, house dust, food. If such a protracted cough in adults is not treated, then it can last 5-6 months or more. In addition, the ailment can develop into a more severe form - asthma. In this case, the impenetrable reflex act has a paroxysmal character, often resulting in a sensation of suffocation.

Prolonged cough in adults caused by smoking

The cause of the occurrence of frequent involuntary action in adults is the rejection of a healthy lifestyle. Smoking cigarettes or hookah very negatively affects the work of the human respiratory system. Harmful substances and resins enter the lungs together with smoke. Their removal from the respiratory system is a rather lengthy process. A long protracted cough in the morning is the price smokers pay for their bad habit. In this case, the protracted reflex act lasts not 2-3 months, but the entire conscious life. Even if you refuse cigarettes, then involuntary action will stop no earlier than three weeks.

Prolonged cough in adults, caused by serious diseases

If the reflex act is prolonged and lasts 2-3 weeks, then it can be a serious violation of the cardiovascular system or the gastrointestinal tract. A characteristic sign of such ailments is the presence of a protracted cough in the morning or evening, after the human body has taken a horizontal position. When you cough, sputum is released, it is frothy.

People who have suffered pneumonia, note that a protracted cough after the end of medication is stored for 7 days. In some cases, a longer period of 4 weeks was recorded. This residual phenomenon lasts approximately 1-2 months. If it persists for a longer period of time, it is necessary to seek help from a doctor, as this may indicate the transition of the disease to a chronic stage.

In addition, the cause of prolonged coughing in adults can be cancer lesions of the larynx, trachea, bronchi or lungs, tuberculosis of the respiratory tract. To confirm such severe diagnoses, additional specific examinations are needed.

Wet expectorant cough: symptoms, causes

A wet cough called reflex action, which is accompanied by expectoration of sputum. He may be preceded by a dry involuntary act, which appeared due to a cold or hypothermia. By the way, the child is quite enough, simply to breathe in the frosty air. A strong expectorant cough does not always bring relief to a person after coughing. Here everything depends on the nature and duration of the jerky act.

There is a significant number of varieties of wet reflex action. An involuntary act may differ in the presence of the following significant symptoms:

  • Type of secreted phlegm.
  • Duration of cough.
  • Is it chronic and other properties.
It is necessary to accurately determine the cause of the expectorant involuntary act, as this directly affects the effectiveness of his treatment. Precisely to establish that, because of what the reflex action has appeared, the analysis of available signs will help. And it is necessary to consider not only those that are present at the moment. It is necessary to take into account the etiology of the development of the disease, that is, how the external signs have changed over time.

Causes of a wet cough

Involuntary act with sputum discharge can speak not only about the presence of any diseases, but also testify to the normal functioning of the respiratory system. In both cases, mucus can be removed. However, in a healthy person its volume is much lower. A strong wet cough can be provoked by various causes:

  • Natural nature - when breathing air into the bronchi and lungs, the smallest particles of dust, chitin of insects, harmful emissions enter. The body gets rid of them, which causes a slight productive cough.
  • Effects of pathogens. This group includes all types of expectorant cough, which can be caused by various pathogens. They are divided into the following types of pathogens: bacterial, viral, ornithic, rickettsial, mycoplasmal, fungal, allergic, infectious-allergic, mixed, unidentified etiology.
  • Inhalation of foreign bodies. Most often this cause of severe wet cough is observed in young children. In addition to mucus secretion, there is usually a pain in the throat.

No matter what the reason provoked the appearance of a wet cough, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination. Even if its origin is of a natural nature, from a complete examination and the delivery of tests should not be abandoned.

Symptoms of a wet cough

The main symptom of a strong wet cough is mucus secretion when performing reflex action. However, this is by no means the only external manifestation of an involuntary act. The presence of the following concomitant symptoms indicates severe illness:

  • Frequent prolonged chest wet cough accompanies such ailments as bronchitis and pneumonia. It should be borne in mind that these diseases arise from the effects of various types of pathogens. Depending on their variety, medication is prescribed. After stopping medication, a wet cough does not go away. It can persist long enough - 2 or 3 weeks.
  • If there is pain in the chest in case of an impassable severe wet cough, then this can indicate the presence of such ailments as pulmonary embolism, severe tuberculosis, pericarditis. With such diseases, the involuntary act lasts a long time, has a paroxysmal character.
  • A strong crude reflex action, accompanied by a runny nose, is the first sign not only of influenza, ARVI or common cold, but also allergies to dust, dog hair, insect chitin, pollen of plants and others pathogens. External manifestations in both cases are almost identical and it is very difficult to identify belonging to a particular disease: the person strongly coughs, white pieces can be expectorated and there are pains in the throat, there are snot.
  • A strong wet cough that appears lying down, and only on one side and when turning, it disappears. In the sputum, there may be blood. This symptom is characteristic of a unilateral bronchoectatic disease. This is a chronic illness. Its aggravation is during the off-season.
  • Simultaneous withdrawal of a significant amount of sputum "full mouth" is a sign of emptying the lung abscess. As a rule, such a symptom is observed only in a certain position of the body. Most often at night or in the morning, when the human body is in a horizontal position for a long time.
  • A constant lingering, wet cough is a sure sign of having a certain chronic disease. Usually people with such illnesses have such a symptom as a cough can not last a month or more, in addition, there is a temperature increase. After taking antitussive drugs, relief comes. However, this effect does not last long.
It turns out that although in the performance of any productive reflex act sputum is observed, it is necessary to accurately analyze the accompanying visible signs. Wet cough can be a symptom of serious illnesses, and not a common cold or SARS. To establish a correct diagnosis in some cases, it is necessary not only to examine the specialist, but also to submit specific tests.

Species of mucus with wet cough

A productive involuntary act is performed with sputum expectoration. By its consistency, color, volume, the doctor is able to establish a preliminary diagnosis. Now doctors distinguish several varieties of mucus, formed with a wet cough:

  • Green - indicates the presence of pus and veins of blood. As a rule, in this case, the reflex action is accompanied by wheezing, high fever, dyspnea.
  • Brown - this color indicates the presence of blood in the sputum.
  • Transparent - is present in cases when the function of natural cleaning of the respiratory system works with impairments.
  • White mucus with lumps - occurs with pneumonia, the cause of which is the effect of fungus.
  • Yellow sputum is secreted by the smoker's cough and by hookah lovers. There is another reason for the formation of mucus of this color - the onset of bronchitis or pneumonia. It should be noted that yellow sputum can contain blood in its composition.
  • Foamy - occurs with chronic bronchitis, cardiac asthma, pulmonary edema.
  • Rusty - croupous pneumonia.
  • Bloody mucus is secreted in tuberculosis and neoplasms of the respiratory tract, bronchiectasis.

Sputum analysis is one of the most important studies in the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases. It is on its basis that medical reports are made.

Wet cough: age characteristics

If an adult has a wet cough, usually due to colds or viral diseases, then in children and the elderly, he can start because of many other reasons. That's why doctors pay close attention to the emergence of an expectorant reflex act in children and the elderly. In children, involuntary action can be triggered by the following reasons:
  • Presence of snot. If the baby is dripping his nose, then the raw, frequent cough stops.
  • Teething. This physiological process is accompanied by an abundant salivation, which irritates the cough receptors.
  • Ingestion of milk "in the wrong throat".

In the elderly, a constant involuntary action arises from the influence of the following factors:

  • Age changes in the body. They are accompanied by significant secretions of clear mucus. The reason for this is the loss of the natural ability to self-purification by the respiratory tract.
  • Accumulation in the lungs of sputum leads to the development of emphysema.
  • Chronic bronchitis, the cause of which is a significant violation of pulmonary ventilation. There is severe shortness of breath, because of the difficulty of exhalation, cyanosis develops.

The exact cause of the appearance of a wet cough in elderly people is only possible by a specialist. The main difference between a prolonged involuntary act caused by age-related changes in the body, from the pathogen triggered by the action, is the absence of leukocytosis. That is, the number of leukocytes in the blood is almost normal.

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