- General recommendations
- Nutrition depending on the cause of pain
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Liver pains are often accompanied by bitterness in the mouth and nausea. All these symptoms indicate a violation of the functional activity of the organ. But why does this happen? This can be caused by inflammatory processes, parasitic diseases, neoplasms and much more. The number of people who have liver disease increases yearly.
Incorrect nutrition, infection, taking some medications, a hereditary factor - all this can become a catalyst for the development of hepatic diseases. Diet for pain in the liver will help cope with unpleasant sensations and accelerate the process of recovery. What can you eat when the liver is sore? What diet is indicated for various diseases? Let's talk about this in this article.
Proper nutrition for pain in the liver implies the following recommendations:
- , the diet should include enough protein food;
- the amount of allowed fats for each patient is different and it is determined depending on the condition;
- food should be cooked steamed, grilled, in the oven or boiled;
- optimal digestion of food will provide fractional meals in small portions;
- smoking and drinking alcohol is strictly prohibited;
- obligatory elements of a food allowance should be carbohydrates, vitamins, digestible proteins, minerals.
If you have a liver problem, the diet is a prerequisite for the recovery of
. First, let's talk about the dishes that are better prepared if the liver hurts. Consider an example menu. For breakfast, you can prepare a fresh salad of tomatoes and cucumbers. As a dressing is better to use vegetable oil. Also baked vegetables are allowed - carrots, onions, beets. In the morning, you can still eat a steam cutlet.
If you want to cook porridge for breakfast, then use water instead of milk. As a snack or a second breakfast, you can prepare a fruit and berry casserole or pudding. You can drink tea without adding sugar. Now let's talk about lunch. It is better to give preference to vegetarian soups. At the second you can boil meat or fish, as well as bake vegetables.
As a dessert, you can eat fruit and drink it with compote from dried fruits. At a snack, take a low-fat cottage cheese or cook a casserole out of it. You can drink tea or compote. For dinner, you can cook porridge, bake vegetables or boil meat. If there is a desire, a couple is allowed to cook an egg omelet, but without the use of yolks.
As a late dinner, it is allowed to use sour-milk products and fruits. Monotony is boring, so every day it will be hard for you to eat soup for lunch. For a change, you can prepare a vegetarian borscht. For its preparation, the following ingredients will be needed: potatoes, beets, carrots, onions, cabbage, greens.
Spices in vegetarian borscht can not be used, salt in a limited amount
The diet for pain in the liver can include the following products:
- dairy and sour-milk products;
- meat and fish;
- eggs in the food;
- vegetable oil;
- oatmeal cookies;
- pastille, jam, marshmallows;
- juices, compotes, kissels;
- vegetables, fruits, herbs.
And what can not be eaten if the liver starts to hurt? Do not use the following products:
- oily fish and meat;
- butter and margarine;
- fresh pastry, confectionery, chocolate;
- seasonings, smoked products, canned food.
For liver diseases, vegetables can be consumed, except for onions, garlic, radishes, sorrel
Nutrition depending on the cause of pain
A painful outbreak in the liver may be the result of a nutritional error and alcohol abuse, but sometimes serious illnesses cause serious discomfort.
The essence of the pathological process is that the fat accumulates in the liver. As a result, hepatic cells begin to actively accumulate simple fats and subsequently turn into fat cells. Abuse of fatty and fried foods, alcohol, the use of toxic drugs - all this and much more can activate fatty hepatosis.
The danger is that fat cells can regenerate over time, causing liver cirrhosis. Diet for hepatosis should be full, and meals regular. To eliminate toxic substances per day, drink up to two liters of liquid. It can be herbal teas, fruit drinks, juices, mineral water without gas.
To activate metabolism, accumulation of glycogen in the liver and normalization of fat metabolism per day, one should consume at least one hundred grams of protein. Often a provoking factor in the development of fatty hepatosis is overweight, so it is extremely important to normalize body weight. In no case can one resort to radical diets and quickly lose weight, this will further damage the liver.
At hepatosis it is strictly forbidden to eat fatty and roasted
. Liver cancer
Every year more and more people become cancer victims. Unfavorable environmental conditions, especially food and, in general, the person's way of life can cause the development of the tumor process. Chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, often consumption of products containing aflatoxin B1 - this is not a complete list of provoking factors in the development of liver cancer.
Early symptoms of malignant formation are similar to manifestations of diseases of the stomach and pancreas. As the disease progresses, the liver greatly increases in size, it can even be palpated. The skin becomes yellow and swells. There is heaviness and pain in the area of the right hypochondrium.
Body temperature rises for no apparent reason. Against the background of a decreased appetite, weight loss occurs. All this entails the appearance of endocrine disorders, pancreatic insufficiency gradually develops. The menu for liver cancer should consist of easily assimilated, nutritious and healthy foods.
You can cook them, bake them, cook steamed, but do not fry in any way. The diet should be designed in such a way that vital organisms and biologically significant elements are delivered to the sick organism. Food should be well absorbed by the body and do not burden the diseased organ.
Important! In liver cancer, fluid retention occurs in the body. Therefore, the consumption of liquid and salt should be limited. If the pathological process is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, then liquid is extremely necessary to restore the water-electrolyte balance.
Greens and sprouted cereals suppress the activity of atypical cells
Any meal should start with raw food, it will facilitate digestion and reduce the load from the pancreas. The cabbage will help speed up the elimination of toxic substances. To strengthen the immune system will help red or yellow vegetables and fruits. Moreover, they possess an anticarcinogenic property.
The second place after raw food is the products that undergo minimal heat treatment: pasta, cereals, soups, stews. And the smallest part of the diet should be dishes that are cooked for a long time with the help of high temperatures: rice, sausages, uncomfortable bakery products.
Glistular invasion of
A favorite site for the localization of parasites in the human body is the liver. Many parasitic diseases often occur asymptomatically or have a weak clinical picture. A variety of parasites can live in the liver. First place is occupied by amoeba. Infection occurs by the fecal-oral route. Ascarids can also live in the liver, causing necrosis, microthrombosis and purulent foci.
Echinococci, lamblia, schistosomes - all these pathogens are also capable of affecting this important organ. Glistular invasion can cause weight loss, the appearance of blackheads, wrinkles. Nails are loose and brittle. At patients the full-fledged dream is broken, there is a chronic weariness. Parasites can cause unpleasant aftertaste and odor from the mouth.
The diet in this case is aimed at cleansing the body and strengthening immunity. Parasites do not like the following products:
- onion and garlic;
- pumpkin seeds;
- dark almonds;
- greens;Dairy products.
In helminthic invasions, the diet is aimed at cleansing the body.
With parasites in the liver, it is necessary to drink more natural water to eliminate toxins. It is recommended to eat vegetables in raw form. Vegetables and fruits must be washed with running water, and better scalded with boiling water.
Still, some products will have to be abandoned: meat, fish, milk, confectionery, fatty and gifted. Consider the menu for helminthic invasion:
- breakfast. Fruit salad dressed with homemade yogurt, as well as berry juice;
- lunch. Blackberry;
- lunch. Fresh vegetables and pineapple juice;
- afternoon snack. Garnet;
- dinner. Low-fat kefir and pineapple salad.
Operation on liver
In the first few days after the operation, the food is exclusively parenteral. After a few days, a combination of parenteral and probe nutrition is performed. If you change sharply the type of food, the products will simply not be digested, which will lead to a violation of metabolic processes. Seven to ten days after the operation, the patient is prescribed a zero diet, it is also called surgical.
In the future, with good assimilation of food is assigned a treatment table number 1.After three weeks, go to the therapeutic diet number 5.The amount of fat should be limited, since it is with the help of the liver that fatty acids are cleaved. Such products are allowed:
- boiled, baked and steamed dishes with minimal salt addition;
- dried fruits, apples, strawberries, watermelon;
- pumpkin, cabbage, beet, pepper;
- lean meat and fish;
- cottage cheese and yogurt.
Taboo is applied to fried, hot, salted, smoked. You can not also eat exotic fruits and rich in essential oils. Also offal is prohibited. Failure to adhere to the diet is fraught with the development of a cancerous tumor, which will make it necessary to return to the hospital to perform a liver resection.
In this case, the diet will be much stricter. So, the pain in the liver can indicate a variety of pathologies. Proper nutrition is a pledge of recovery. No drug treatment without diet will not have the desired result.