Acute tonsillitis in children: photos, symptoms and treatmentSuch a disease as tonsillitis or tonsillitis is familiar to every parent, not by hearsay. This inflammatory process of the nasopharynx can take place in acute and chronic form, bringing with its "presence" a lot of unpleasant sensations and creating many problems.
The focus of inflammation is the palatine tonsils, or as they are called glands, which are the main barrier to infection, seeking to get into the person's airways.
Unfortunately, the disease is very often diagnosed in children of different ages, so the main signs of the disease and ways of first aid should be known to every mother. This will help protect the child from the consequences and complications, the probability of which is very high.
Causes of tonsillitis in children
Acute tonsillitis in a child is the result of vital activity of various pathogenic microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi. Often the flora is mixed, which makes diagnosis a little difficult.Among all microorganisms, the most common cause of tonsillitis is:
The causative agent on the pharynx mucosa of the patient occurs alimentary or airborne from a sick person. However, not less often, the causative agent of the disease is the "own" microbes that have settled on the nasopharyngeal mucosa They are in a dormant state and are waiting for favorable conditions for the development of stormy activity.Such conditions include:a weakening of immunity, a sharp hypothermia of the body and the use of too cold food or drink.
Signs of acute tonsillitis in children
Symptoms of acute tonsillitischildren appear quickly enough after infection or exposure to the body of a provoking factor that activates the work of "own" dormant pathogens. Most often this occurs within 1-3 days.The most characteristic signs of angina are:
- pain in the throat from moderate to strong, not allowing to gently swallow and talk;
- burning, showing and discomfort in the tonsils;
- bad breath;
- excessive salivation, especially in children under three years old; in toddlers;
- deterioration or total absence of appetite;
- headache and aches in the body;
- increased body temperature;
- cough and hoarseness;
- weakness and fatigue.
In addition, during a physical examination, the doctor discovers a strong reddening and swelling of the tonsils. When the glands are affected by pathogenic bacteria on the tonsils, a characteristic whitish yellow plaque - pus is also formed. Palpation of the neck makes it possible to detect an increase in lymph nodes and determine their size and degree of lesion.
Treatment of acute tonsillitis in children with drugs and prevention of disease
Treatment of symptoms of acute tonsillitischildren should be under the control and constant supervision of a doctor. Self-medication in this case is completely out of the question, since in most cases it leads to very disastrous consequences.
The lack of treatment is fraught with the transition to a chronic form.
For the treatment of acute tonsillitis in children, such drugs are used:
- antibiotics - fleumoclave, amoxiclav, macrolides and cephalosporins;
- antiseptics of local action - aerosols tantum verde, miramistin, hexoral;
- gargling with a solution of soda and salt, infusion of sage or chamomile.
Also for the treatment of acute tonsillitis in children, a complex immunomodulatory therapy is prescribed to improve health and enhance the body's defenses, as well as physiotherapy.
To prevent the transition of acute tonsillitis in children, whose photos can be considered below, into a chronic stage:
Therefore, it is extremely important to make regular preventive maintenance of the disease, which consists in:
- timely treatment of angina and other inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx;
- periodic sanitation of the oral cavity, nose, throat, especially tonsils, with antiseptic solutions, for example, with a solution iodine, gramicidin, tannin with glycerin) and mandatory sanation 14 days after the acute form of the disease;
- Vitaminotherapy, hardening, intake of air baths and wiping.
Prophylaxis of angina in children and adults is an important activity that helps to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease and various complications.
Tonsillitis in children: how it manifests itself and how it is diagnosedTonsillitis is a fairly common condition characterized by certain symptoms, including swelling and inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils and the back of the throat.
Sometimes tonsillitis can precede other diseases, such as sinusitis.
Tonsillitis (photo on the left) is more common in children than in adults, but, as a rule, does not occur in a child who has not reached the age of two.
- Tonsillitis can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection.
- Viruses that cause a cold or flu can also trigger viral tonsillitis in children.
- A virus that causes mononucleosis can also lead to tonsillitis.
- A group of streptococci is the most common type of bacteria that cause bacterial tonsillitis.
Infections of the tonsils can be contagious and transmitted by contact with the mouth, throat or infected mucous patient.
Symptoms of tonsillitis in children include:
- fever and sore throat;
- nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain;
- cough or hoarseness;
- a runny or stuffy nose;
- yellow or white spots on the back of the throat;
- an unpleasant odor from the mouth with tonsillitis is also not uncommon;
- a rash on the body or in the mouth.
How is the diagnosis of tonsillitis diagnosed?
First, the doctor will examine the child's throat and feel both sides of his neck and jaw. He will ask the child or you about disturbing symptoms. You may be asked to perform the following tests:
- Taking samples of cell culturefrom the back of the throat with a cotton swab.
- Blood test. It is necessary to find out what causes the disease: bacteria or a virus.
In the event that the symptoms of tonsillitis in a child manifest more often than once a year, the doctor can prescribe treatment for the chronic form of the disease. How to treat chronic tonsillitis (sore throat) in children, we will consider below.
Chronic tonsillitis in a child: the causes
Chronic tonsillitis can be diagnosed if a person experiences several attacks of tonsillitis a year.
- Infection can respond to antibiotics initially, but return on a regular basis.
- At least one study has shown a genetic predisposition to relapse of tonsillitis.
As a rule, chronic tonsillitis in a child is caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus of serological group A.
Also, the disease can be caused by:
- herpes virus;
Chronic tonsillitis in a child is not dangerous by itself, but by those complications and pathological conditions that it provokes. These include:
- abscesses (suppuration of tissues around the tonsils);
- defeat of the glomeruli of the kidneys.
How to care for a child with chronic tonsillitis?
- Ask the child to rest more often. This will help the body to struggle more successfully with the "infection" that has penetrated into it.
- Make sure your child eats and drinks well. Children who have a sore throat often refuse food and even drink a little. In case of illness, dehydration is unacceptable.
- Ask your child to gargle with warm salt water. Mix 1 teaspoon of salt with a glass of warm water. Saline rinsing of the throat with tonsillitis temporarily reduces pain.
- Do not spread germs. Wash your hands and palms of your child several times a day. Do not allow your child to share food or drink with others.
How to treat tonsillitis in children
To ease the symptoms of tonsillitis, the child uses the following medicines:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs)are used to reduce swelling and pain. However, NSAIDs can cause bleeding of the stomach or kidney in some people. Always read the instructions for the medicine and follow it. Do not give these medicines to children until 6 months of age without a doctor's permission.
- The analgesic "Acetaminophen"reduces pain and fever. It is available without a doctor's prescription. If the instructions are not followed, "Acetaminophen" can cause liver damage.
- Antibioticsfight or prevent infections caused by bacteria.
Tonsillectomy (surgical removal of glands)Used in the event that other methods of treatment of tonsillitis in the child had no effect, as well as with frequent relapses of the disease.
Viral tonsillitis in children: symptoms and treatmentOne of the most common diseases of ENT organs is tonsillitis. The disease often has a viral origin and is transmitted by airborne droplets. In tonsillitis, the inflammatory process affects the tissues of the tonsils, which leads to the loss of this body's ability to protect the body from infection and prevent its ingestion. Viral tonsillitis (or viral tonsillitis) manifests itself as very characteristic and vivid symptoms, therefore it is rather difficult to miss the development of the disease. In the last decade, tonsil patients have been ruthlessly removed, but now, when medicines for treatment of sore throats become more perfect and effective, they are tried to be preserved and removed only as a last resort. How to treat viral tonsillitis and can it be prevented?
Causes of viral tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is an infectious disease, sometimes infectious-allergic. The cause of its occurrence is the ingress of the organism of viruses or bacteria through the air during a conversation with a sick person, with his coughing or sneezing. Viral tonsillitis in children often develops as a result of fecal-oral infection, as they are more often than adults who do not comply with the rules of personal hygiene.
Viruses that can cause the development of tonsillitis, especially active in the autumn and winter. These same viruses provoke ARI and ARVI, which many people have to face more than once per season. Often, they are joined by a bacterial infection, in most cases it is streptococci. Precisely identify the causative agent of the disease is possible provided that laboratory tests are performed.
In addition to penetrating the body of the virus, the development of tonsillitis requires a decrease in the protective forces of the body, which is often observed with irrational nutrition, stress, hypothermia, severe fatigue, as well as a combination of several factors.
Symptoms of viral tonsillitis in children
Symptoms of viral tonsillitis appear, as a rule, within two to three days. At the very beginning of the disease, general weakness is felt, headaches develop and appetite disappears. Later blushes and the throat starts to hurt, tonsils become inflamed, cervical lymph nodes can increase. Also, the temperature rises (to 40 ° C), the process of breathing and swallowing becomes very difficult.
Symptoms of chronic viral tonsillitis are similar to those listed above, but they are less pronounced than in acute forms. The temperature and pain in the chronic form of the disease as correctly absent, there may be a perspiration in the throat, as well as an unpleasant odor from the mouth.
Viral tonsillitis in young children is more severe. Severe sore throat can prevent them from eating normally, even if they have an appetite. Vomiting, nausea and diarrhea may also occur. A characteristic symptom of viral tonsillitis in any of its forms is an increase in the size of the tonsils, visible to the naked eye.
Depending on the form of the viral tonsillitis, the photo of which can be found below, the tonsils can be covered with plaque, film, pustules, or even ulceration:
How to treat viral tonsillitis: conservative and operative ways
Treatment of viral tonsillitis can be carried out in two ways:conservative methods of treatment and with the help of surgical intervention. In the vast majority of cases, doctors try to keep the tonsils and resort to methods of conservative treatment.
In the course of treatment of symptoms of viral tonsillitis, antiviral drugs are prescribed, antibiotics, since bacterial infection is constantly present on the nasopharyngeal mucosa in dormant state, as well as vitamins and fortifying agents. In addition, it is not superfluous to have a course of physiotherapy, which will be an excellent addition to the general therapy.
Surgical intervention is resorted to in extreme cases, when there is no longer any hope of restoring the functions of the tonsils. Surgical removal of palatine tonsils or glands can be carried out with a scalpel as well as with a laser. The second method is considered safer, since the risk of infection in the wound in this case is minimal.
Treatment of viral tonsillitis in children requires special attention. It is important to ensure that the child has enough time to rest, drink enough liquid. It can be warm broths and infusions of herbs, low-fat broth, tea with honey. The room where the patient is located should be regularly ventilated and subjected to wet cleaning. It is also useful to drink multivitamins, which will help the body to overcome the disease more quickly.
Consequences of viral tonsillitis
If the patient is not adequately treated and treated, the consequences can be disastrous. The most serious consequence is the development of systemic rheumatism, subsequently it can be supplemented by complications that affect the work of the heart, kidneys and liver.
The most common diseases that develop as consequences of neglected tonsillitis are:radiculitis, rhinitis, inflammation of the joints, cutaneous erythema, hormonal failures and connective tissue damage.
Despite the apparent harmlessness, a disease called tonsillitis can cause enormous harm to the body.
To avoid possible complications and consequences, you need to carefully treat your health and follow all the recommendations of the doctor.
Bacterial tonsillitis: symptoms, causes and treatmentBacterial tonsillitis is a frequent "guest" in the homes of many people. Every adult person had to wake up at least once in his life with a terrible pain in his throat, although it was good yesterday before going to bed. In addition to pain, there are such symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis as temperature and malaise, caused by strong intoxication of the body. With the development of bacterial tonsillitis in a small child, in most cases there is a lack of appetite, as well as an increase and inflammation of the palatine tonsils.
Bacterial tonsillitis, a photo of which can be seen below, requires immediate and competent treatment under the supervision of an experienced doctor:
Pathogens and causes of bacterial tonsillitis
The impetus to the development of the disease most often becomes a one-time hit of a large number of pathogenic microorganisms in the body. Most often, the causative agent of the bacterial form of tonsillitis is hemolytic streptococcus belonging to group A, less often the disease causes Streptococcus C and G, as well as mycoplasmas and chlamydia.
In adults and teenagers, the streptococcal pathogen is very often detected.As for the incidence of bacterial tonsillitis in young children, then there is a certain pattern:the younger the child becomes ill, the less likely that the disease is of bacterial origin.
The cause of the development of bacterial tonsillitis is direct contact with a person who is already sick.
The main routes of infection are:
- through hugs and kisses;
- use of one laundry, for example towels;
- common dishes.
However, only contact with a sick person or the presence of pathogenic bacteria in the body is not enough for the development of the inflammatory process.
In addition, for the activation of bacteria and the development of their turbulent activity in the nasopharynx, favorable conditions are necessary, namely:
- hypothermia of the whole organism or only feet due to the soaking of shoes, the use of too cold drinks, etc.
Among the factors contributing to the development of the disease also include:
- frequent respiratory colds, decreased immunity (for example, during pregnancy), impaired nasal breathing (the presence of polyps, enlarged adenoids, curvature of the nasal septum), chronic foci of inflammation in the nasopharynx (caries, sinusitis).
Proper treatment of bacterial tonsillitis at home
How correctly to treat a bacterial tonsillitis? What should I do first, noticing the first signs of bacterial tonsillitis? Of course, immediately seek help from a doctor.
Treatment of bacterial tonsillitis should be complex, including the following components:
- taking antibiotics for seven to ten days to fight bacteria;
- irrigation of mucous nasopharynx with solutions of antiseptics;
- gargling with a soda-iodine solution;
- inhalation with essential oils;
- taking antihistamines to relieve swelling.
Treatment of the main symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis, and its consequences implies mandatory strict bed rest.
It should continue throughout the entire intake of antibiotics, despite the fact that on the third day there will be a noticeable improvement in the patient's condition. Until full recovery, you should refrain from visiting public places and long walks.
The drug "Azithromycin" with bacterial tonsillitisOften prescribed azithromycin in bacterial tonsillitis, a drug belonging to the group of macrolides, and is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It is quickly absorbed into the digestive tract, perfectly penetrates the respiratory tract, skin and soft tissues. It is taken once a day, regardless of meals.
Improve the condition and accelerate the recovery will help a lot of sour drink, for example, Morse from cranberries or viburnum, tea with raspberries or lemon. The patient should be placed in an isolated, ventilated room, in which a daily wet cleaning is to be carried out.
Treatment of tonsillitis bacterial at home should be carried out in strict accordance with the recommendations of the doctor.
In no case should you change the dose of drugs or stop receiving them before the term.
What are the symptoms of tonsillitis in children, how is it treated?
Tonsillitis in medicine is called inflammation of the tonsils (glands) located on the palate and in the pharynx, which lasts a long time. The disease belongs to the category of infectious - the cause of its occurrence are bacteria: streptococcus, staphylococcus, hemolytic pneumococcus, as well as viral and fungal infections.
What is the tonsils? This is an important part of the body's lymphoid system, which is a barrier to pathogens. They are clearly visible to the naked eye: if the child is asked to open his mouth wide and say a long "A", then on both sides throat on the back of it you can see mucous clumps of lymphatic tissue oval shape - this is the glands.They are on guard of health, catching harmful microorganisms and not passing them on.But sometimes, when the immune system is broken, the tonsils themselves become the object of attack of microbes, and then the source of infection for the whole organism. There is always the question of whether it is possible to cure.
Acute tonsillitis affects 50% of children between the ages of one and twelve years, but if you ask your parents if they are familiar with this disease, most will respond negatively. The reason for this is very simple: in people, inflammation of the glands is more often called angina. How to determine it in a child? Characteristic symptoms of angina are the following painful manifestations.
- Sore throat. With tonsillitis it is not just pink, but rich red. Tonsils increase in size, they often have a white coating, abscesses.
- A sharp rise in temperature. This symptom necessarily accompanies the inflammatory process in its very beginning, in the acute stage. The temperature is accompanied by headache, weakness, irritability, sweating, chills.
- Severe sore throat, increasing with swallowing.
- Enlargement of lymph nodeslocated on both sides below the ear, in the hollow below the lower jaw. When the baby is healthy, they are practically not probed, with the inflammatory process become much more, sticking under the skin like two small nuts.
- Unpleasant odor from the mouth.
The video tells about the symptoms and treatment of tonsillitis in children:
When one or more signs of the disease appear, you should never diagnose yourself and self-medicate. Because the listed symptoms are characteristic not only for inflammation of the tonsils, but also for more dangerous diseases: diphtheria, infectious mononucleosis, leukemia. A timely visit of the doctor will allow to exclude them and proceed to an organized and consistent treatment.
Diagnosis of tonsillitis often does not require special tests and examinations, so the diagnosis is made by a pediatrician or family doctor immediately after the examination.
Helps in acute form
Acute inflammation of the tonsils is a disease that can be treated out-patient, but antibacterial therapy is always prescribed. The drug for treating the baby and its exact dosage is determined by the doctor, while he takes into account a number of factors: age, weight, incidence of a particular child, and others.
The duration of treatment with an antibiotic is at least 5 days (usually 7-10). In no case should you stop taking the drug ahead of time, after seeing the first positive changes in the child's state of health. This is fraught with the development of complications and relapse of the disease.
In addition to combating the root cause of the disease, its treatment necessarily provides for the elimination of symptoms that cause a lot of discomfort to the child. To relieve pain in the throat, it is necessary to rinse it with medicinal (furatsilinom) and natural (broth chamomile, sage, calendula) antiseptics.It helps to remove the inflammation and pain sensations of a solution of soda (1 teaspoon per glass of water).Here you can see a recipe for a solution for the throat and soda. The temperature of the solutions is not higher than 50 degrees, the rinsing frequency is 5-6 times a day. In some cases (usually for children who do not yet know how to gargle), the pediatrician may prescribe a local antibiotic. Effective in sore throat irrigation with special sprays (chlorophyllite, inhalipt, sebidine, etc.).
When the temperature rises two or three times a day, the antipyretic is indicated.
To various warming compresses, popular in the treatment of tonsillitis, should be treated with caution: if available ulcers on tonsils heat is contraindicated, so they should be done only with the permission of the treating doctor. It is important to remember that any initiative in the treatment of acute bacterial and viral diseases can lead to its transition to a chronic stage.
The video tells about the symptoms and treatment of chronic tonsillitis in children:
If, in the acute form of inflammation, ignore the doctor's appointment, interpret them at his discretion, shorten the time of taking antibiotics, try to completely replace them with folk remedies for tonsillitis - there is a high probability that tonsillitis will go to a chronic stage. To get rid of it is much more difficult than from acute inflammation, so parents should do everything to prevent this. In chronic tonsillitis, the child's resistance to infections decreases, he often begins to have SARS and other viral diseases. The diagnosis is made by the doctor, based on a common clinical picture and analyzes.
The video tells how to treat chronic tonsillitis in children:
Help with chronic form
To treat the chronic form of tonsillitis, specialists are prescribed gentle treatment (gargling, treatment of the tonsils and the posterior pharyngeal wall with antiseptics, resorption of antimicrobial tablets) in combination with physiotherapeutic methods: ultraphonophoresis, UHF, microwave therapy, laser therapy. If such treatment does not help, tonsils become spreaders of diseases - antibacterial therapy is prescribed. If there is no result even after two to three courses of antibiotics, the doctor may recommend surgical intervention. The decision about surgery is taken as a last resort, as the tonsils play an important role in the immune system on throughout their lives, and their removal has a bad effect on the body's ability to resist diseases.
There are several ways to remove glands:
- extracapsular tonsillectomy(the usual operation, carried out by surgical blades);
- diathermy(removal of tonsils and inflamed tissue around them with the help of radio-frequency energy);
- ablation- a method similar to the previous, but less painful due to the use of lower temperatures;
- tonsillectomyultrasonic waves;
- removal of tonsils with a laser.
Postoperative recovery after the application of any of these surgical methods takes a long time time and is carried by the child hard enough due to pain and risk of bleeding. To alleviate the condition of the patient, he is prescribed painkillers, and to block a small bleeding helps rinse the throat with cold water. Also, the child is shown the use of solid food - it is difficult, but necessary for the early healing of wounds. For the same reason, a small patient is recommended frequent use of ice cream.
Features of care for children of different ages
When appointing a comprehensive treatment for inflammation of glands, the pediatrician and the otolaryngologist take into account the age of the patient.
The photo shows how the child's tonsillitis looks:
- Child 1-3 years (years)life can not gargle, so parents are encouraged to drink it with a solution of chamomile, which has an antiseptic effect. Also at this age, instead of oral antipyretic drugs, it is better to use candles. Small patients are also offered immunomodulating drugs.
- Starting from 3 yearsYou can use tablets and lozenges for absorption, use antiseptic aerosols. A child at this age already needs to be taught how to gargle with herbal decoctions and medicines prescribed by a doctor. In recent years, in the treatment of tonsillitis specialists have abandoned iodine rinses - iodine can cause allergic reactions and dry delicate tissues of the tonsils.
- Children of any age, to mitigate the harmful effects of antibiotic, prescribed antihistamines and probiotics.
Symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis: http://prolor.ru/g/simptomy-g/bronxit-u-vzroslyx-raspoznat-simptomy-i-vylechit.html.
Here you can read reviews about the use of albucid in the nose to children.
Cough in tonsillitis
One of the most common and painful side effects in acute inflammation of the glands is a cough. It can be wet, dry, spastic, or asthmatic, but in any manifestation, the cough causes a lot of discomfort to the child, increasing the pain in the throat. The most dangerous and unpleasant is a dry cough, whose attacks do not bring any relief. To help the patient, the doctor prescribes drugs and syrups that dilute sputum in the bronchi and promote its exit. It is necessary to monitor the humidity of the air - it should be moistened with special devices, spray or wet towels hung on batteries or chairs. Coughing attacks can also provoke dust, which should be disposed of by daily wet cleaning.
Dr. Komarovsky on the problem
A popular pediatrician, Eugene Komarovsky, special importance in the treatment of tonsillitis makes it necessary to comply with the drinking regime. Parents often try to stuff the child with useful teas - with honey, lemon, ginger, raspberries, various broths. But we must not forget that the taste of the baby differs significantly from the taste sensations of an adult, but to prove To the sick child with a heat that he should drink tea with a raspberry, it is useless. Dr. Komarovsky insists that the child drink what he wants - juice, compote, mineral water - but drank in sufficient quantities. The temperature of the drink should be such that it does not burn the sore throat. Why is it so important? A liquid that enters the body during an illness is excreted through the pores in the form of sweat, taking with itself pathogenic viruses.
In the video, Dr. Komarovsky tells about tonsillitis in a child:
Much less attention the doctor advises to give to food - if the child has no appetite, then the body sent all the forces to fight the infection, and do not overload it with the need to digest food. Appetite will appear as soon as the disease begins to recede, but in this case, do not particularly zealous, immediately offering fatty and heavy meals. First time is better to observe a non-strict diet - less fried, sweet and smoked, more vegetables and fruits.
A lot of disputes always cause the need for water-prevention procedures.People of the older generation believe that you can not wash a child while he is sick - they say, so you can wash off all the protective barriers of the body.Dr. Komarovsky has long dispelled this myth; he argues that swabbing off the baby sweat and dirt is not just possible, but you need - this is the only way to clear the pores and allow the skin to breathe. In addition to tonsillitis, the child may have other throat disorders. Here you can read about the treatment of a throat in a child. Here you can find a list of drugs that can cure a dry cough in a child. Under this link you will find the symptoms of an allergic cough in a child. Here the symptoms of viral pharyngitis are described.
Viral tonsillitis: symptoms and signsAcute tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused by bacteria or viruses. Tonsils and adenoids consist of tissues similar to lymph nodes or glands.
Acute tonsillitis is characterized by a sharp or gradual occurrence of sore throat, which is usually associated with fever.
Chronic tonsillitis can become a "trigger" for the appearance of sinusitis.
Often, tonsillitis occurs in children aged 5-10 years and young people aged 15 to 25 years. The risk factors include weak immunity and a family history of tonsillitis or atopy. See "Tonsillitis in a child, photo."
Bacterial and viral tonsillitis symptoms are similar. These include:
- The pain in the throat, sometimes severe, can last more than 48 hours, "supplemented" by pain when swallowed.
- Pain can give in the ears.
- Little children complain that they have a stomach ache.
- Loss of voice or change of voice.
Signs of tonsillitis:
- The throat turned red, the tonsils enlarged and can be covered in whole or in part with pus.
- Temperature increase.
- Swollen lymph nodes (cervical, submandibular).
- If the sore throat is caused by a viral infection, then the viral tonsillitis symptoms are usually softer than the bacterial tonsillitis, and are often associated with a cold.
- If tonsillitis occurs as a result of infection with the Coxsackie virus, small blisters appear on the tonsils, tongue and soft palate. They break through in a few days and are accompanied by ulceration, which can be very painful.
- Tonsillitis can occur with infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus). Most often this condition occurs in adolescents. In this case the tonsils can increase significantly, and the temperature can rise to 39-40 degrees Celsius.
- Tonsillitis can be caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), especially in adolescents and young adults.
Diagnosis of bacterial and viral tonsillitis is based on the medical history and physical examination results.
- The doctor can do a quick streptococcal test, taking a swab from the back of the throat.
- If the Epstein-Barr virus is suspected as the cause of tonsillitis, the doctor may ask the patient to do a blood test for mononucleosis.
If the nasal congestion "mixes" with the stuffiness of the nose, sneezing and runny nose, cough, the cause of tonsillitis is likely to be the penetration into the body of the virus. Viral infection of the tonsils or adenoids in most cases passes without medical assistance for two weeks. Antibiotics in this case are not effective.
Bacterial tonsillitis: symptoms and its pathogens
Bacterial tonsillitis symptoms are most often caused by bacteria of the genus Streptococcus (streptococcus). Other possible bacterial pathogens of this disease are staphylococci and Neisseria.
After the beginning of treatment it is important to go through the entire course of medications for tonsillitis, which the doctor prescribes. Otherwise, the disease can return and turn into a chronic one. In the treatment of tonsillitis it is unlikely to do without antibiotic therapy and local procedures with Chlorophyllipt.
Surgical removal of tonsils is considered necessary in situations where tonsillitis is not amenable to drug treatment or in the case of frequent relapses.
Sore throat with an unexpected slight increase in temperature, without symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection is a sign of bacterial infection.
Other symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis include:
- a sore throat;
- redness of the tonsils;
- white pus on the tonsils;
- an increase in the cervical lymph nodes.
It is worth noting
Stress, overwork, exhaustion and viral infections can weaken the defenses of the body and allow the development of bacterial tonsillitis. Like other throat infections, this ailment tends to occur in the colder months.
In case of symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis, you should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis in connection with the risk of developing acute pharyngitis.
Untreated streptococcal infection can lead to complications, including rheumatism.
What is chronic tonsillitis and what are its signsChronic tonsillitis is a regularly occurring infection of the tonsils. Secondary infections can lead to the formation of small pockets in the palatine tonsils, in which bacteria will multiply.
Often in these pockets contain small stones (white plugs, tonsillitis) with an unpleasant odor of rotten eggs. Because of them, people with tonsillitis can complain about the feeling that some foreign body is in the back of the throat.
Symptoms and signs of chronic tonsillitis are as follows:
- unpleasant sensations in the throat;
- deterioration of the smell from the mouth;
- difficulty in swallowing food;
- swollen glands in front of neck;
- snoring and bad sleep due to shortness of breath due to increased glands and adenoids.
Bacterial infections of glands and adenoids are treated with antibiotic drugs, in contrast to viral infections.