How to treat a dog cough
Cough occurs in dogs of any gender and age, regardless of breed. As a rule, it occurs against the background of colds or allergies. However, in some cases, cough becomes lingering and may be a symptom of a serious illness. Therefore, if your pet has a cough, you should immediately identify and eliminate its cause.
InstructionsCoughcan take place in a light or protracted form. In the first case, it can be a symptom of hypothermia, influenza, allergies to pollen and corrosive gases. A long cough, lasting for months and passing into a chronic form, occurs in such diseases as laryngitis, tonsillitis and sinusitis, as well as with certain diseases of the bronchi and lungs. Also cough is divided into dry and wet. Wet is accompanied by swallowing movements and salivation. However, no matter what form of coughingdogs, which caused its cause, if it is not rectified in time, can lead to serious consequences. Even a mild disease can give complications, so it should be disposed of.If
- Regardless of what caused the cough and which form it took, the dog should only be treated by a veterinarian.
Than to treat a cough in a dog?
Very often our beloved pets experience the same diseases as people, and the symptoms accompanying the disease are familiar to every person. One of the most common diseases in dogs is coughing. To understand what to treat a cough in a dog you need to put the right diagnosis and prescribe a professional treatment that does not harm the pet.
Symptoms of coughing in dogs
With the help of a cough, the dog at the reflex level tries to remove foreign bodies or mucus from his respiratory tract. This symptom can be manifested in the following forms:
- Light form. It is a symptom of flu, allergy or hypothermia.
- The protracted form. It is a sign of the following diseases: laryngitis, tonsillitis, collapse, bronchitis, sinusitis.
If cough is accompanied by loss of appetite, loss of voice and general lethargy, this may be a sign of laryngitis. A dry paroxysmal cough and shortness of breath is a sign of a trachea. However, you do not need to think that you can determine the cause of a dog's cough and prescribe the treatment yourself. Symptoms can be supported by other, not so noticeable changes in the body that only the veterinarian can determine. He also prescribes treatment.
What to give the dog from a cough?
To choose a technique of treatment it is necessary depending on the put diagnosis. Here are some recommendations about what to do if a dog cough is detected:
- Cold. You can give the pet medicinal plants (licorice root, marshmallow), or use special drugs (glacine hydrochloride, codeine). Walk the dog in a warm overall and warm it with a warm blanket.
- Allergic cough. It can be caused by an allergy to synthetics, pollen, washing powders, food products. Assign calcium chloride, dexamethasone or diprazine.
- Bronchitis. Prescribe antibiotics and antihistamines. In addition, it is necessary to apply warming compresses on the chest.
In more serious diseases, such as bronchopneumonia and tonsillitis, cephalosporin and sisomycin are prescribed.
Aviary (nursery) cough in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Dogs, like all people, are susceptible to various diseases, including respiratory diseases. If the pet begins to cough heavily and exhaustingly and at the same time there is a plentiful discharge of mucus, then most likely it is a disease such as a nursery cough. This ailment is still known as:
- An avian cough.
- Canine influenza.
- Infectious tracheobronchitis.
A pet can be infected with aviary (nursery) cough in places of animal cluster, for example:
- At the exhibition.
- On a walk.
- In the nursery.
- At the lesson of training.
- In the pet store.
- In the veterinary clinic.
Causes of avian cough in dogs
The cause of this disease are infections of a viral and bacterial origin, transmitted respiratory. More often pathogenic microorganisms become pathogens of canine influenza, such as:
- Parainfluenza virus.
- Reovirus 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd types.
- The virus of canine herpes.
- Adenovirus type 1 and type 2.
Symptoms of avian cough in dogs and puppies
It is important not to make a mistake and make an accurate diagnosis of the sick pet. For this, it is necessary to know what symptomatic manifestations occur when the disease develops.
1.Loss of appetite and decreased activity. During the development of nursery cough, dogs lose all interest in food. This is especially noticeable if you give your pet a favorite treat. Also a symptom of this disease is a significant decrease in the activity of the animal. The pet practically does not get up, does not run and does not play.
2. Coughing. Nursery cough is different from the usual cough, which easily passes by itself for 5-7 days. This symptom is characterized by a strong jerky reflex act, which sometimes due to spasms, leads to vomiting.
However, it is not worth waiting for a few days to confirm or deny the presence of this disease. During this time in the body of the dog can begin processes that lead to more serious consequences.
3.Increased body temperature. This symptomatic manifestation is one of the main signs of development of an avian cough. If the temperature is high and lasts for several days, then the immune system of the animal's organism is struggling with the infection, but it is not able to withstand it properly. Sometimes the ailment can proceed without changing the body temperature or with a slight increase in it.
4. Change in the nature of the reflex act. If there is a suspicion of having a nursery cough, it is recommended to monitor whether its nature changes after the dog has been active, eating and drinking water. If it grows and intensifies, most likely, the animal has been infected with an aviary cough.
5. Serous discharge from the nose and eyes. Another characteristic feature of nursery cough in dogs is the presence of secretions from both nasal cavities (runny nose) and eyes.
6. Enlargement of lymph nodes. With the development of canine influenza, lymph nodes in an animal often increase significantly in size.
7. Failure in the digestive system of organs. If the body is infected with an infection, the digestive system must immediately react. This reaction can be not the digestion of food and diarrhea.
How to treat cattery cough in dogs?
To start treatment of an animal that has become infected with nursery cough, it is necessary immediately after revealing the first symptoms characteristic of this disease.
First of all, surround the sick four-legged friend with care, create for him a comfort and peace. Do not take your pet out for a walk. Inhalation of cold air will not do for the benefit of the dog and the small puppy, it can only lead to irritation of the respiratory tract, respectively, to aggravation of the reflex action. However, the vet will still have to visit, and as soon as possible. After a thorough examination, a veterinarian can prescribe a dog reception:
- Antitussive drugs.
To treat nursery cough can not only be medicated. For faster recovery of the pet, the owners themselves need to work hard. It is recommended to get your sick pet 2-10 times a day for 5-10 minutes in the bathroom, where a tap with hot water is opened. Breathing moist warm air, the dog will feel lighter. Firstly, wet steam promotes the liquefaction of mucus, which is stagnant. Secondly, staying a pet in a bathroom with wet steam will help reduce the swelling of his respiratory tract. To avoid getting a burn, do not leave the animal in the bathroom itself.To combat infection, the body needs strength. Given that the animal, during the course of the disease loses its appetite, it is necessary to try to give him a warm drink (water or milk with the addition of a small amount of natural honey) as often as possible. Such a drink will help not only in restoring the strength of the dog's body, but also in eliminating pain in the larynx. In no case should not be added to a warm honey drink, if the animal suffers from diabetes. This will only exacerbate the problem.
If the dog is at risk - has reached advanced age or has a serious illness, it is recommended to subject it to the vaccination procedure. This will protect a four-legged friend from infection with nursery cough for a certain period of time.
Coughing in the dog, causes and treatment
Coughing in a dog can occur quite often, and this can be caused by breathing problems and various cardiac changes. The cause of coughing can be pneumonia, rhonchopneumonia, bronchitis, which can be acute and chronic.
When a dog develops laryngo-farengitis and laryngitis, which is usually accompanied by a cough, and when this the dog loses its appetite, becomes sluggish and at it the voice starts to lose, lymphonoduses increase. The cause of this may be an adenovirus infection.
The cause of coughing can be a mechanical squeezing of the pharynx with a collar or a long barking. Also, inflammation develops after taking cold water and food. In the event that respiratory dyspnea begins, a dry, paroxysmal cough, the cause may be the penetration of bacteria. There is also an "aviary cough syndrome", when the viruses enter the respiratory tract of the dog. In addition, a cough in a dog can develop by exposing the body to parasites, resulting in the development of tracheo-bronchitis or infectious tracheitis. Tracheitis in a dog comes from the effects on its body of fungi and mycoplasma, acholeplasmas and ureaplasma.
In addition to infectious diseases that cause coughing in a dog, the cause may be non-infectious, which are caused by polyps, abscesses, various tumors or foreign bodies. Also, the dog may have extratracheal compression, which is caused by dilatation of the esophagus. Cough can be a symptom of increased glands of internal secretion, inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Cough in the dog sometimes occurs with a congenital change in the trachea, when the tracheal hypoplasia begins to develop. This is inherent in such breeds of dogs as Boston terriers or English bulldogs. In addition, coughing in a dog can develop with lower respiratory tract disease, it can be acute bronchitis, which can pass into pneumonia. In this case, the symptom is a wet cough. In acute bronchitis, cough becomes paroxysmal, but at this time the dog is mobile, and this disease is not reflected on it. In this case, cough occurs with strong breaths of fresh air or swallowing saliva, which accumulates during the development of bronchitis.
Cough in dogs can be with allergic bronchitis or with lung tumors. In this case, heart cough in dogs begins to develop, which occurs with heart failure due to a clear violation of circulation in the small circle and pulmonary edema.
In order to reduce inflammation in a dog, it is necessary to give her vitamins A, C, E to strengthen the immune system, which enables the dog to recover faster. Has a cough appeared in the dog? Treatment should appoint a veterinarian, and before calling to him you can use folk remedies. When you cough, you can give the dog some honey with a lemon and brew the root of the mullein, this broth will quickly remove the dog's swelling. This broth should be cooled and poured into a dog's mouth with a syringe. An excellent remedy for coughing is a medlar of Japanese, this is a Chinese drug based on this medicinal plant. It perfectly removes irritation in the throat. A dog can give this drug one eighth of a teaspoon per 10 kg of dog weight. In the event that the dog weighs 20 kg, you can give half a teaspoon.
Cough in dogs can be treated with echinocicea, this medicinal plant not only relieves cough symptoms, but also enables to remove heart failure, which often develops with various inflammations of the upper and lower respiratory tract. When the dog develops a cough due to viruses and various infections, it is possible to give hydrastis, which has an antibacterial and antiviral effect. This drug gives 6-7 drops per 10 kg of weight, and since this medicine is bitter, the dog needs to be given it with food.
Thus, it can be concluded that when a dog develops inflammatory diseases that cause a cough, it should be examined by a veterinarian and measures taken to treat it.
Cough in the dog
Coughing with a dog is not always a sign of any disease, it may have just been choked with food or water, but also with various diseases, one of the manifestations of which is cough, also quite a lot. Some of them are threatened by the life of a pet, so you should pay close attention to this phenomenon. In any case, you need to establish the cause of the cough, it will make it possible, if necessary, to immediately begin treatment and cope with the disease. It should be remembered that cough is a reflex action, that is, it is not an independent disease, but only a sign of any pathology.
What is necessary for the diagnosisA specialist veterinarian, when contacted with such a problem, collects a complete history to identify other possible symptoms of the disease and to make an accurate diagnosis. For this he needs to know such moments as the breed and age of the animal, the nature of the cough and the time of its manifestation, the presence of signs of a cold, the effect of the disease on the appetite, the general condition and mood of the dog, and so on.
When inspecting the pet, you may also need other types of medical examination: a blood test, an X-ray of the lungs, monitoring the state of the lymph nodes, listening to the airways, examining the esophagus, bronchial biopsy. In addition, sometimes there is a need to get advice from specialists such as an oncologist, an allergist, a surgeon, a cardiologist and others.
Causes of coughing in dogs
The most common causes of coughing in dogs:
- features of a particular breed, such a problem is characteristic of animals whose jaws are shortened, for example, pugs, griffins, Pekingese, bulldogs and others;
- dental gum disease;
- parasitic lesions of the body;
- manifestation of allergy;
- upper respiratory tract irritation;
- hit foreign objects in the respiratory system;
- infection of the oral cavity;
- pathology of the heart;
- various tumors in the lungs and others.
Dog cough caused by infection
In this case, infection occurs as a result of contact with a sick dog. The first sign of the disease is a dry cough in the animal, which appears a couple of days after infection enters the body. This pathology is most widespread in places where dogs are clustered, especially when they are kept in crowded places.
In addition to coughing, there is also an increase in tonsils, possibly a runny nose, the dog is sluggish, refuses to eat. With severe form, more and more excretions from the eyes, a complete loss of appetite, a rise in temperature. With the right timely treatment, the dog quickly recovers. However, in its absence, the development of complications and death can not be ruled out. For the duration of the illness until complete recovery, contact with other animals should be ruled out.
Mechanical damage and foreign bodies
If a foreign object enters the respiratory tract of a dog, the situation is not very frequent, this happens when the swallowing process is disturbed, the nervous system, the angina, or the greedy forage are eaten. In this case, there is a characteristic paroxysmal cough, possibly with blood, choking, refusal of water and food, wheezing, foam from the nose and vomiting may appear. The foreign body is removed from the veterinary clinic under general anesthesia.
In addition, coughing in a dog can be caused by limiting air access to the lungs due to mechanical damage or obstruction. For example, when strangling with a leash or collar, the development of tumors or the presence of fluid in the respiratory system of the animal.
Also often cough accompanied by thermal or sun shocks and traumatic shock.
Another cause of coughing may be an allergic reaction, with a cyanotic color of the gums, lacrimation and redness of the eyes, sneezing, rashes on the skin. Allergen can be as food, and dust, plants, insects, chemicals, drugs. Such cough is useless to treat, it is necessary to establish the cause of its appearance and eliminate it.
What to do before a doctor's visit
If the cough in the dog manifests itself repeatedly and the cause is not established, then it is necessary to consult a specialist. Prior to his inspection, the animal must be provided with fresh air and rest. Cough can be eased by placing in the room where the pet is located, an air humidifier or simply by hanging a damp cloth on the battery.
To give a dog any medicines is not necessary, as this, first, will smooth out the symptoms of the disease, which can complicate the diagnosis. And, secondly, with the unreasonable use of drugs can cause the animal more harm than good.