1Causes of pain in the muscles and joints: what is it and why are the pains
- 1.1Why joints and muscles ache
- 1.2Pain in the joints and muscles of the limbs
- 1.3Methods of treatment
- 1.4Preventative measures to prevent disease
2Why the whole body hurts - possible causes and ways to eliminate them
- 2.1Why does the whole body ache: the main reasons
- 2.2Why all the muscles of the body ache
- 2.3How to deal with pain all over the body
3Pain in muscles and joints: causes and treatment
- 3.1Why do muscles and joints ache?
- 3.3Autoimmune diseases
- 3.4Neurological disorders
- 3.5Infectious and parasitic lesions
- 3.6What should I do?
- 3.7Basic treatment
- 3.8Symptomatic therapy
- 3.9How to reduce pain?
- 3.10Basic therapy
- 3.11Additional therapies
4Why all the joints of the body ache at the same time: the causes and treatment of pain
- 4.1Pain in the hands
- 4.2Pain in the legs and knees
- 4.3Muscles and joints began to ache
- 4.4Pain in all fingers and toes
- 4.5Pain in the joints of the shoulder and hands
- 4.6Causes of childhood pains
5Pain in the joints of the hands and feet - causes, treatment
- 5.1Why do bones, joints and muscles ache: symptoms of major pathologies
- 5.2Factor 1. Mechanical damage
- 5.3Factor 2. Myositis
- 5.4Factor 3. Arthritis
Causes of pain in the muscles and joints: what is it and why are the pains
Sometimes a person is accompanied by an ache in the joints and muscles of the whole body. Until recently, doctors found it difficult to diagnose and find the cause of this phenomenon. Just a few years ago in medicine, a new direction appeared, dealing with the study of pain in muscles and joints.
In connection with this, a new term appeared in medical terminology - myoartralgia. He characterizes the simultaneous occurrence of pain in both bones and muscles. However, not all diseases fall under the description of this term.
Similar symptoms are rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatic polymyalgia. With such diseases, the pain spreads throughout the body, which disrupts the locomotor system.
Why joints and muscles ache
Despite the rapid development of medicine and methods of diagnosis, the exact causes of the pain of the joints and muscles of the entire body are not yet fully established at the same time.
One of the versions of their appearance microbiologists consider infectious disease, which provokes and rheumatoid arthritis.
Similar diseases, such as polyarthritis, arthritis are a consequence of the action of autoimmune factors.
The cause can be various viruses and bacterial pathogens, as well as the traumas suffered.
Painful sensations in muscles and bones can provoke the following reasons:
- diseases, provoked by the action of viruses. For example, a person with flu or ARVI, a person often complains of an ache in the whole body. The thing is that as the body temperature rises, the blood begins to circulate faster through the circulatory system. This leads to the fact that the virus enters the muscle tissue and joints. The most dangerous are the herpes, rubella or Epstein Barra virus;
- autoimmune disorders, which include all types of rheumatism, arthritis and lupus;
- subcutaneous tumors on the joints;
- diseases that lead to metabolic disorders in the bones, such as ostearthrosis, gout and other diseases.
The most likely cause of pain in the joints and muscles is the virus of Epstein Barr. According to medical observations, about 90% of cases of rheumatoid polyarthritis are caused by this virus.
When this virus enters the human body, the immune system gets hit first. Its activity is significantly reduced and the result is a strong reaction of the body to various stimuli that lead to the development of diseases.
Pain in the joints and muscles of the limbs
As you know, there are more than 600 types of muscles in the human body. Their main function is to provide the motor activity of the body. One muscle consists of a multitude of muscle fibers. Even a slight deviation from the normal functioning of the muscle can cause pain.
Despite the fact that many causes of pain in the joints are not established, the doctors have identified some of them that lead to similar phenomena. To such reasons it is possible to carry:
- change in the function of muscles, aimed at reducing it;
- insufficient supply of muscle tissue, hypertonia, leading to muscle tightening;
Such violations can be caused by the following factors:
- Processes of deformation of the spine, having the nature of pathology.
- Changes in posture, long stay in one position, uncomfortable shoes and high heels.
- The development of osteochondrosis, which leads to deformation of the spine and an increase in the load on the muscles and joints.
Methods of treatment
If you have muscle or joint pain, which is permanent, you need to see a doctor. The doctor on the basis of the patient's complaints and the appropriate diagnosis will diagnose and find out why there were pains.
After the diagnosis is made and the causes of the disease are identified by the doctor, a treatment is prescribed. In most cases, treatment with chondroprotectors will be prescribed.
Chondroprotectors are preparations based on natural components, the action of which is aimed at restoring the functions and structure of the joint..
In order to completely restore the structure of the damaged joint, a long-term intake of chondroprotectors is necessary..
This is due to the fact that the active substances must accumulate in the body.
As one of variants of a preparation doctors advise to pay attention to "Collagen ultra". This drug, collagen for joints, is available in three dosage forms, as an ointment, gel and biologically active additive.
The main effect of the drug is aimed at removing inflammation and improving the function of the musculoskeletal system. When you take "Collagen Ultra" in the form of tablets, the vitamin complex that forms part of them helps to restore metabolic processes in the body.
To reduce pain in combination with chondroprotectors recommend to use non-steroid ointments and cream. They do not eliminate the causes of the disease, but for a while they reduce the pain.
Preventative measures to prevent disease
Many problems with joints can be avoided if timely pay attention to changes that occur with joints.
The joints' preservation of mobility and health of the human body as a whole depends entirely on the person's way of life and habits.
Often the causes of the diseases lie in the following factors:
- lack of vitamins and beneficial substances. Most people use food without thinking how useful it is and satisfies the need for vitamins and minerals. It is necessary to revise the diet and include in it as many as possible rich in vitamins products;
- frequent use of alcoholic beverages and smoking leads to disruption of the functioning of the joints and the entire musculoskeletal system. Also, the abuse of coffee leads to a disruption in the structure of the joint tissues;
- physical exercises. Active way of life will allow to keep mobility of joints for many years. If there is no possibility to attend the gym enough to do a little workout for the joints.
A source: http://sustav.info/travmy/bolno/boli-v-sustavax-i-myshcax.html
Why the whole body hurts - possible causes and ways to eliminate them
Often after excessive physical exertion or at the first stages of training in the gym, a person experiences aching pains throughout the body.
As a rule, such painful sensations do not last more than a few days and pass by themselves after the body receives the necessary rest.
However, quite often the whole body hurts regularly for a long time, which can be a symptom of various rather serious diseases requiring immediate treatment.
Why does the whole body ache: the main reasons
As is known, most often the pain in the whole body is the response of the body to various infectious diseases (may even be a consequence of pneumonia!), all kinds of injuries and physical overvoltage.
Infectious diseases are often accompanied by the following symptoms: the whole body hurts, aches in bones and joints, restless sleep, headache, fever.
It also happens that in the presence of an infectious process, the temperature, on the contrary, decreases, and the patient experiences malaise in the form of lethargy, unwillingness to move, and discharge of cold sweat.
Along with this, often the pain in the whole body is observed with such problems as:
- Various diseases of the blood (lymphoma, leukemia, etc.);
- The presence of a malignant tumor;
- Autoimmune diseases (eg, lupus);
- Affection of connective tissue (rheumatoid arthritis);
- Food poisoning;
- Tick bite.
Blood diseases and malignant tumors require immediate treatment, so if the body hurts constantly, but there are no symptoms of a cold, it is necessary to undergo an examination as soon as possible.
In autoimmune diseases and connective tissue damage, the pathogenic process inside the joints promotes the spread of pain to the adjacent muscles. This explains the pain in the whole body, preventing a person from living a full life.
Characteristic signs of rheumatoid arthritis are painful sensations in the morning hours after sleep. As a rule, after the patient moves a little, they significantly subside. In osteoarthritis, the body hurts, on the contrary, in the evening.
Food poisoning can also become a response to the question of why all the muscles of the body ache.
Very often, such ailments are accompanied by such additional symptoms as high fever, general weakness of the body, sharp pains in the lower abdomen.
Again, there are cases when the temperature is below normal, the patient experiences chills, the body is a cold sweat and the whole body hurts.
The bites of some ticks that are carriers of an infectious disease can also provoke aching pain throughout the body..
Determine the cause of the disease in this case is not difficult: as a rule, after such a bite appears a rash in the form of small bubbles with a clear liquid inside..
In addition, often reddening of the skin not only at the site of the bite, but also on other parts of the body.
Thus, if the body hurts constantly, you should immediately consult with your doctor. After all, in addition to the fact that this symptom can indicate the presence of various diseases, it can often lead to the following problems:
- Severe chronic pain, which replaced mild pain;
- Weakening of the human immune system;
- Forced refusal of activity;
- Stress and sudden mood swings;
- Other psychological problems (increased irritability, anxiety, unexplained fears, depression, etc.).
Why all the muscles of the body ache
When the whole body regularly hurts, the cause may be, in addition to the aforementioned diseases, also such a common chronic disease as fibromyalgia.
Despite the fact that according to some sources, every tenth person on the earth suffers from it, both the disease and its causes have not been fully studied.
This is why fibromyalgia is rarely diagnosed.
Nevertheless, this disease can often explain why the whole body hurts.
However, laboratory tests to identify this ailment does not exist, so doctors have to rely on specific data from the general examination and the patient's complaints.
Diagnosis is also complicated by the fact that the accompanying symptoms of this disease in different patients are completely different. Among the most common signs, in addition to pain throughout the body, it can be noted:
- Chronic fatigue;
- Sleep disturbance;
- Scattered pain in ligaments, tendons and muscles.
Physicians are also misled by the following fact: some patients complain that the whole body is hurting, while others, on the contrary, note specific centers of painful sensations. The diagnosis is the same in patients.
It is noteworthy that about 80% of those suffering from fibromyalgia are female. Some scientists attribute this to the fact that this disease is provoked by an increase in central sensitivity.
Thus, the reasons that the whole body hurts are hidden in the brain, which changes its functions in the direction of sensitivity.
Not surprisingly, one of the main signs of the disease is the reduction in the pain threshold.
In addition to symptomatic treatment aimed at the removal of pain, with this diagnosis, often prescribed antidepressants, designed in this case to restore the proper operation of the brain.
If the question why the whole body hurts, the doctor answers that the patient has fibromyalgia, it is necessary first of all to exclude all sorts of stressful situations from his life. Together with this, as a rule, the following are recommended:
- Muscle relaxants;
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Manual therapy.
When there is general weakness and hurts the whole body, you should seriously tackle the strengthening of the immune system. Eating foods containing a large number of vitamins and frequent outdoor walks are the best means to combat the weakness of the body.
How to deal with pain all over the body
When the whole body hurts, it is usually accompanied by almost unbearable fatigue.
In addition to some medications, this condition can greatly facilitate exercise. Of course, many patients avoid all physical exertion, fearing to increase pain.
But moderate exercises, on the contrary, help relieve pain and immobility of muscles..
When the patient has general weakness and hurts the whole body, regular physical activity can eliminate these symptoms: when exercising, the body releases endorphins, which are a natural pain killer means..
Do not forget about effective relaxation methods. When the whole body is aching, breathing exercises and deep relaxation of muscles help to reduce pain sensations quite quickly.
Among alternative therapies can be noted such as:
- Deep tissue massage;
- Neuromuscular massage.
Nevertheless, when the entire body is ill, you should seek help from a specialist, identify their cause and only then begin treatment.
from the topic of the article:
A source: http://www.neboleem.net/stati-o-zdorove/7533-otchego-vse-telo-bolit.php
Pain in muscles and joints: causes and treatment
The emergence of pain at once in the muscles, and in the joints is quite common. Pain in joints is scientifically called arthralgia. And the pain in the muscles is myalgia.
With many joint diseases, the pathological process also captures the surrounding muscle tissue. This is due to the anatomical and physiological generality of the joints, skeletal muscles, tendons and ligaments.
It often happens that a person complains, for example, pain in the joint, and when the examination reveals pain in the muscle. It also happens vice versa. That is why we now try to understand the reasons for which arthralgia and myalgia occur.
Why do muscles and joints ache?
If there is pain in all joints and muscles, you should first contact a doctor. After all, this condition is often a sign of a serious enough pathology.
In general, all the reasons that can cause pain in the joints and muscles can be conditionally divided into several groups. These reasons with examples of characteristic diseases and conditions will be considered below.
In this serious disease, the main symptom is the long-existing widespread pain in the entire body. Also, stiffness, sleep disorders, weakness and other manifestations are revealed.
When diagnosed, soreness is detected in special (trigger) points on the patient's body. These points are the main criterion for diagnosing.
These diseases include rheumatism, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Very often, these diseases are genetic, that is, they are inherited.
That is, the immune system of a sick person produces protective antibodies against their own cells and tissues, including bone and muscle. These antibodies cause their damage.
Manifestations, for example, of rheumatoid arthritis will be pains in the joints of the upper and lower extremities, which are markedly enhanced when making movements.
The muscles that surround the affected joints are also often involved in the pathological process. Characteristic stiffness, arising at night and in the morning.
And it lasts long enough even after attempts to commit active movements.
Such conditions include, for example, gout and osteoporosis.
At a gout in joints and a muscular tissue salts of uric acid - urate are postponed. Having sharp edges, crystals of these salts cause mechanical damage to tissues. These microtrauma and are the cause of the onset of pain syndrome.
In the case of osteoporosis, the structure of bone tissue is disturbed due to a decrease in its strength. Bones and joints can be deformed, fractures in them easily arise. The muscles surrounding these joints are stretched and pain arises in them.
A striking example of this condition is the infringement of the nerve in the osteochondrosis of the spine.
Various pathological processes occurring in osteochondrosis cause a violation of the normal (physiological) ratio of vertebrae to each other.
Passing in their structure, the neurovascular bundles undergo compression (compression). In this case, blood supply and innervation of the corresponding part of the body are disturbed.
Infectious and parasitic lesions
Many pathogens of infection affect the human body systematically, that is, cause pathological changes in several organs and tissues. Muscles and joints are not an exception.
An example is the influenza virus. Manifestations of it are familiar to all:
- pain and aches all over the body.
And the pain in the muscles with this disease is still long enough.
The pain in the muscles and joints is accompanied by the course of many infectious diseases. Such as brucellosis, malaria, viral hepatitis, and others.
Some parasitic diseases (opisthorchiasis, trichinosis, etc.) are also manifested by pain in the muscles and joints. This is caused both by direct penetration of parasites into them, and by the immune reaction of the organism to their presence.
They arise as a result of various injuries: fractures, dislocations, bruises, etc. Often, muscle damage can also cause pain in the joint due to the general circulation. And joint damage is almost always accompanied by muscle pain..
Also, such conditions often arise after physical overstrain, for example, in intensive training. This may give rise to the feeling that all bones, muscles and joints ache..
We examined the most common causes of pain in the muscles and joints. However, the above list is completely incomplete.
Less common are pain in the muscles and joints, for example, in pregnancy, certain endocrine disorders and other pathological conditions and diseases.
What should I do?
First of all, you should immediately call your doctor.
Only after a complete examination with the use of laboratory and additional research methods it is possible to establish an accurate diagnosis.
And after that, appoint the right treatment. Do not self-medicate or ignore such symptoms.
Principles of diagnostics
Pain in muscles and joints is not an independent disease. This symptom indicates the presence of a pathological process in the body. Actually, therefore it is very important to conduct timely and competent diagnostics:
- For a start, the doctor assesses an anamnesis - the history of the disease. At this stage, it is important to provide all the information about the development of these and other symptoms.
- Then the examination is carried out, sometimes with the involvement of specialists of a different profile - neuropathologist, rheumatologist, infectious disease specialist or others.
- Depending on the information collected, a set of laboratory and additional survey methods is assigned. It usually includes general clinical and biochemical blood tests, specific immunological and serological examinations. X-ray and ultrasound can also be prescribed, tomography, arthroscopy, etc.
For each patient, an individual complex of studies is assigned, depending on the expected diagnosis.
After clarifying the cause, which caused pain in the muscles and joints, the doctor prescribes treatment. It is usually complex with maximum impact on all stages of the pathological process.
However, in some cases, therapy is very short-lived or may not be necessary at all. This happens if, for example, the cause of pain in the muscles and joints is only physical overstrain.
Treatment of such diseases, as a rule, consists of several principles.
Necessarily prescribed drugs that affect the main manifestations - the symptoms of the disease. For example, to reduce pain - painkillers.
To reduce the inflammatory manifestations, respectively, anti-inflammatory drugs are used.
Muscle relaxants are sometimes prescribed to reduce muscle tension, etc.
How to reduce pain?
For the purpose of analgesia, various analgesics, non-steroidal and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are most often used.
Such medications are usually given in the form of tablets or injections (injections).
Often, the administration of drugs directly into the joint or local effects - in the form of ointments, creams, gels.
With this method, an anesthetic and / or an anti-inflammatory drug is administered to the locus of pain. This achieves a much longer and good analgesic effect, relieves muscle tension. Blockades are usually used for diseases of the joints of the limbs and spine.
It is prescribed to influence the underlying cause of the disease.
Thus, in the infectious nature of the disease, antibacterial drugs are used, taking into account the type of pathogen.
In rheumatoid arthritis, various immunosuppressants and other drugs from the arsenal, the so-called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, are prescribed.
Such methods of treatment are aimed at strengthening the effect of basic and symptomatic therapy. At the same time, acupuncture, sanatorium-resort and physiotherapy, therapeutic physical training, etc., are used.
It should be recalled that only careful compliance with all prescriptions of the doctor will significantly reduce the manifestations of the disease and improve the quality of life.
What to do in order to avoid the possible appearance of pain in the muscles and joints? Doctors recommend adhering to several simple rules:
- Be sure to lead a healthy lifestyle. To carry out measures to strengthen general immunity, hardening procedures, etc.
- Conduct a fight with hypodynamia - moderate exercise, daily walks, etc.
- Avoid unnecessary physical overexertion. This rule is especially important when observing sports. Such training should be conducted under the guidance of a qualified trainer.
- In time to identify and treat sources of infection in the body, for example, in the nasopharynx and teeth.
- Avoid sudden temperature fluctuations - overheating and overcooling.
In conclusion, it is necessary to emphasize once again: timely diagnosis and early treatment of diseases of muscles and joints is the key to a successful outcome of therapy.
A source: http://MedOtvet.com/drugie-bolezni-sustavov/boli-v-myshcah-i-sustavah-prichiny-i-lechenie.html
Why all the joints of the body ache at the same time: the causes and treatment of pain
If a person is constantly tormented by pain, then he simply can not live fully. Perhaps the most unpleasant and painful pain can be the joint, because it is exhausting and monotonous.
Most of the pain medication is effective only for a certain period of time and therefore the pain returns again and again.
Not always patients can immediately answer, why joints ache. So, more often such a symptom is caused by a trauma, a serious disorder or a disease.
To get a little guidance, you should consider the most common pathology of the musculoskeletal system and the main causes of joint pain.
Pain in the hands
Usually, pain in the hands is a symptom of arthritis or bursitis. Arthritis should be understood as a disease of inflammatory nature caused by stagnation of lymphatic and venous outflow in the joint. And arthritis can be different:
The patient should understand that each type of arthritis will have its own specific medication. To date, the whole mechanism of development of pathology has not been studied to the end. Some patients have a hereditary predisposition to degenerative joint disorders.
And they can manifest themselves at any age, not just an advanced one. Arthritis can still be a complication of influenza, ARVI or other viral diseases.
As for bursitis, the disease is much like arthritis. This pathology of the musculoskeletal system is characterized by an inflammatory process in the periarticular bag (they are also called bursami).
It produces and accumulates exudate with a large amount of blood, pus and protein. Bursitis often results from aggravation of arthritis or gout.
With chronic bursitis, all the joints of the arm (elbow, shoulder) are aching, but they do not hurt anymore. Affected place can be groped only in the process of palpation. If the disease is acute, the pain will be severe, especially during movement.
Pain in the legs and knees
As with pain in the hands, the cause of discomfort in the legs is often arthritis, bursitis and trauma. In addition, the development of another unpleasant disease - entesitis is not ruled out.
This rheumatic disease affects the joints, causing an intolerable acute pain.
Pathology arises from excessive physical exertion or trauma. Symptoms of enthesitis are similar to those of arthritis and therefore differential diagnosis is important.
To find out why the joints hurt, you should seek help from a neurologist, traumatologist, rheumatologist or vertebrologist. Only in this case it is possible to receive adequate treatment and quickly to stop the symptoms.
The causes of pain in the knees may be several:
- gouty artist;
- arthritis of the knee;
However, the basic premise of discomfort is a disease of the knee joint gonarthrosis. He usually tortures patients older than 40 years. And gonarthrosis simultaneously affects both limbs.
The insidiousness of the disease is that for a long time it does not make itself felt.
When the disease begins to progress, the patient feels weak pain in the knee.
Over time, gonarthrosis will cause a crunch, joint stiffness in the morning, limiting mobility in the affected area..
Osteoarthritis adversely affects the knee joint and destroys it. As a result, he begins to deform and does not allow the patient to move normally. When walking for a short distance or getting out of bed a person will feel pain..
To be ill will cease only in a state of complete rest, but in process of aggravation of disease the discomfort will torment the patient even at night, not allowing it to fall asleep.
Gonarthrosis, like arthrosis, is considered quite a serious pathology. Therefore, the approach to treatment should be similar. If the patient seeks medical help, then in the first place he will have to undergo a diagnosis:
- Ultrasound of knee joints.
After confirmation of the diagnosis, a complex treatment will be prescribed. It provides for not only taking medications, but also salt baths on the affected knee joint and physiotherapy.
Muscles and joints began to ache
If muscles and joints ache, then, most likely, a person has blood circulation. Treatment of this problem can be done with the help of medications, for example, such drugs:
- Indovazin. The drug for external use, which can be shown with synovitis, tenosynovitis and bursitis, but is not recommended for patients with individual intolerance of the components of the agent, disorders of blood coagulability, gastrointestinal pathologies, pregnant women and lactating women;
- Troxevasin is an external angioprotective agent that helps to reduce permeability and fragility of capillaries. It will also help with varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and dermatitis. Contraindicated remedy for diseases of the stomach, liver and kidney failure;
- Indomethacin. The medicine removes inflammation and anesthetizes. Produced in the form of tablets, and contraindications: childhood, pregnancy and pathology of the digestive tract.
Pain in all fingers and toes
The cause of pain in the fingers can be gout, arthritis, trauma, osteochondrosis or osteoarthritis. For treatment and as a preventive measure, you can do massage. However, it is important to remember that they perform such a procedure only if the pain is not acute. Salt baths with warm water will not be superfluous.
At the same time, one should not forget that full recovery is possible only on condition of an integrated approach to problem that does not exclude classical treatment and getting rid of the underlying cause pain.
Discomfort in the toes, namely in the joints, can be caused by such diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which will answer the question why the joints ache:
- valgus deformity of the thumb;
Often the cause of the problem is diabetes, endarteritis or atherosclerosis. The possibility of a trauma to the toe or ingrown nail is not excluded.
With valgus deformation, in addition to pain, the patient will suffer from hammer-like deformation of all other fingers and extremely rapid fatigue. "Shishka" at the very base of the thumb will not allow a person to wear the usual shoes for him.
If tendonitis develops, the tendons of the fingers undergo a complex of inflammatory lesions immediately. The danger of pathology is that it can affect not only the tendon, but also the accompanying shells. This process will be called tenosynovitis.
Symptoms of tendovaginitis are similar to those of tendinitis, but they will add a crunch in all joints of the fingers during movement, an increase in body temperature and redness in the inflammatory process.
If the cause of pain is osteomyelitis, then its character will be radically different from those previously considered pathologies. The disease is accompanied by purulent necrosis, which manifests itself in the bone marrow and bones. And it affects adjacent soft tissues of the limb. Other symptoms are:
- acute pain in the foot;
- nausea and vomiting;
Dizziness and even loss of consciousness are possible. Osteomyelitis does not occur without a cause. The main factor in its development is most often an open limb fracture. If the form of the disease is started or the treatment was not carried out correctly, the temperature of the whole body rises to 40 degrees.
Pain in the joints of the shoulder and hands
Particularly often joints of the hands hurt in those patients who are actively engaged in sports or because of the characteristics of professional activity is forced to bear the burden. As a rule, the cause of aching pain is muscular overstrain or muscle strain.
In this situation, before starting treatment, it is recommended to immediately abandon all the loads on the diseased limb. However, the cause can go deeper - in a disease that affects the bones, the muscular system and the nerve endings.
If the pain does not stop for a long time, then it is necessary to be examined for the detection of the true cause and the appointment of an adequate treatment, because some diseases can cause not only the deformation of the fingers, but even their amputation, which is unlikely to be desired by anyone admit..
When the shoulder joint hurts or both simultaneously, the patient may not realize that the discomfort is caused by the pathologies of the neck..
Usually the pain is so noticeable that it reaches even the hand. During movement it hurts more strongly, up to paresthesia and a numbness.
During the examination, the intervertebral hernia of the cervical or thoracic spine can be diagnosed.
The affected area as it progresses:
- loses elastic functions;
- the space between the vertebrae decreases.
There is an infringement of nerve endings, from which morbidity develops. In the place of pinching, there is swelling, which increases discomfort.
The most frequent factors that cause pain in the shoulder joint are: bursitis, tendonitis, trauma, neoplasms, stenocardia, pneumonia, cervical radiculitis, liver pathology, salt deposition, humeroscapular periarthrosis.
In addition, the shoulder hurts when the tendon ruptures, pigment syndrome and calcification of the forearm.
Causes of childhood pains
Many of our compatriots do not rush to see a doctor even when they suffer from severe pain syndrome. In some cases, the pain passes by itself, and the state of health improves without the use of medications.
However, we should act quite differently when parents do not know why some of the joints hurt a child or even all at once.
In such situations, categorically you can not delay the treatment in the clinic. Otherwise, negligence can cause disability for the rest of your life. Therefore, it is important to conduct differential diagnosis and start treatment in time.
So, the causes of pain syndrome can be articular pathologies:
- rheumatism. The factor of its occurrence and development is acute infection in the upper respiratory tract. Symptoms can be pain in the joints, fever, swelling and redness in the sore spot. Aching pains usually do not cover all the joints, but gradually shift from one to the other. If the child does not treat rheumatism, then it will provoke a defeat of the heart muscle;
- serum sickness. This disease should be understood as an allergic reaction to medications, namely, aspirin, penicillin. The disease manifests itself 6-12 days after exposure to the active factor. These are the symptoms: fever, swelling of the neck and face, hives, itching of the skin, pain in all muscles and joints;
- arthritis. It is caused by coccal bacteria or the influenza virus. Pathology affects large joints. At the initial stage of arthritis, there is fever, pain upon palpation of the affected area. As the disease progresses, the child may begin to limp;
- tuberculous arthritis. Often this type of disease affects not all joints, but only the hip. First, the patient will noticeably fall on his leg, and feel pain even during a slow walk. In advanced cases, moving will become problematic, and around the patient joint edema will be visible visually. With tubercular lesions of the spine, the child is not able to lift light things and lean forward. During sleep, he is forced to lie on his stomach, because the pain is not allowed to take another pose.
In conclusion, trauma should be noted as a cause of joint pain in children. If the blow is too strong, then hematoma, deformation and even fracture of the bone are likely.
A source: https://joints.propto.ru/article/pochemu-bolyat-vse-sustavy-tela-odnovremenno-prichiny-i-lechenie-boli
Pain in the joints of the hands and feet - causes, treatment
In the clinical practice of traumatologists and neurologists, there are often multiple variations of locomotor diseases apparatus, the leading sign of which - painful sensations, covering the bones, joints, muscles of the upper and lower extremities.
In most cases, patients make complaints about pain localized on one half of the body and appearing in a particular section of the legs or hands. However, cases are also described where painful sensations capture large areas of limbs.
So the discomfort and pain can be observed in specific small joints of the fingers or spread to all the bones of the hands.
In the painful process, only the leg muscles can be involved, or the impulses of pain can come from the deep sections, when patients describe the sensations that "break" all the bones of the legs.
It is worth noting that not always a person can clearly point to a site where there is pain.
This is due to the fact that throughout the length of the arms and legs there is a large accumulation of nerve endings, whose irritation by virtue of of various internal or external circumstances causes pain perceived as "twisting" the bones, "twisting" the joints, "ache" the muscles feet.
Pain impulses can occur sporadically and overcome a short period of time, arising after a certain event or, for example: only in the morning.
Discomfort can go on independently after performing certain exercises, without requiring the use of pharmacological drugs, or pain in the legs or hands can be chronic, "rewarding" the person with his presence all the time. For example: when muscles are aching, most people describe monotonous unexpressed unpleasant sensations, which are exhausting and with motor activity, and at rest, and in the mornings after a prolonged night recreation. And to remove such pain by changing the position of the limb or developing it to the patient fails.
Patients with traumatologic profile indicate a wide, diverse range of manifestation of pain: sensations in the legs or hands are variable - aching, drawing, pressing, burning, piercing, stitching.
To choose the optimal treatment regimen, how to get rid of pain in the joints of the hands and feet, it is necessary to differentiate a specific type of pathology from a huge number of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. To diagnose a certain disease that affects segments of bones, joints, muscles, the doctor helps:
- specific visual signs of pathology;
- analysis of patient complaints;
- a study of the general health of the patient and an assessment of the severity of major somatic pathologies;
- various methods of laboratory blood tests;
- neuroimaging technologies, such as: X-ray, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging.
However, to determine the likely cause, which causes pain and discomfort in the legs or hands, every contemporary can, based on the characteristic signs of diseases of bones, joints and muscles.
- Why do bones, joints and muscles ache: symptoms of major pathologies
Why do bones, joints and muscles ache: symptoms of major pathologies
Factor 1. Mechanical damage
No matter how trite it sounds, but the number one cause of all traumatology cases of pain - injuries to the legs and structural elements of the hands, especially the distal sections - hands and feet.
All anatomical limbs can suffer as a result of the intense influence of external negative factors: bones, small finger joints and large joints, tendons, ligaments, tissues muscles..
The three "leaders" are represented by fractures of the hands, dislocations of the joints of the fingers, stretches and ruptures of the muscle fibers on the legs..
In such situations, as a rule, it is possible to determine the true cause of the injury - impact, fall, sudden movement and other external circumstances.
Differentiate the type of injury you can by the following signs.
With a fracture, a single sharp crackling can be clearly heard, anomalous bone mobility is recorded in those places where there are no joints, fragments of broken bone plates can be seen.
Dislocation is characterized by a sharp change in the shape and volume of the junction of the bones, for example, swelling and swelling in the area of the wrist, abnormally huge finger sizes, bright red skin.
Unconditional evidence of a fracture or dislocation of legs or hands is an abnormal posture of the limbs.
At the same time the performance of any movements with your fingers causes tremendous pain, the process itself is difficult or, in general, impossible.
If the muscles of the legs are injured, there is a marked change in the musculature: it becomes firm, too elastic, feels like a stone to the touch.
The first step in the treatment of such situations is to achieve complete immobilization of the affected leg or hand and give the victim any analgesic drug.
Further treatment of such conditions is carried out exclusively in the conditions of the hospital and involves surgical interventions, medical therapy, physiotherapy methods of influence.
Factor 2. Myositis
The most probable cause, because of what the muscles of the legs ache, is the defeat of the skeletal musculature of the inflammatory nature, called myositis.
This disease manifests itself in a variety of symptoms, but an indispensable companion of the disease is the pain in a limited area - the area of the affected leg or arm.
As the burden of disease and inadequate treatment, pain is greatly increased, forcing a person to limit the amount of movement..
A concomitant phenomenon is the redness of the skin on the site of the affected muscle. There is also a change in muscle tone - the emergence of a strong spasm of muscle fibers..
Progression of the disease leads to weakness, and in the future - to the atrophy of the muscle of the leg or arm. In the final stages of myositis, the patient experiences considerable difficulties in performing routine daily activities.
A deplorable consequence of the disease is a complete muscle atrophy on the affected segment of the leg, leading the person into a wheelchair. Therefore, the treatment of myositis should be carried out at the first signs of pathology.
Factor 3. Arthritis
The largest group of diseases are inflammatory pathologies of the joints of the bones, called arthritis. Despite the significant variety of factors that give rise to lesions of articulations of the bones of the hands and feet, arthrologists distinguish the following causes of the diseases:
- congenital anatomical defects in the structure of the skeleton;
- acquired defects of the bones of the legs or hands due to degenerative-dystrophic processes, aging or as a result of complicated limb injuries;
- adverse heredity, genetic predisposition to the development of inflammatory lesions in the joints of the fingers;
- Inadequate functionality of the immune system because of which a person often suffers from viral and infectious diseases;
- reactions of an allergic nature;
- autoaggressiveness of the immune system.
Quite a frequent reason for the formation of finger arthritis - untimely or incorrectly diagnosed a disease of a bacterial nature, especially a pathology that proceeds in a chronic form with mildly expressed signs. Another possible cause of arthritis is the existing metabolic disturbances left without adequate treatment. Also, the cause of the inflammatory lesion of the joining "hinges" between the bones of the fingers is an excessive load on the distal departments of hands and feet due to the performance of a person's professional duties, for example: typists, artists, ballerinas, players.
The first reason for the recurrence of the disease is the patient's non-compliance with the prescription of the doctor. Among other unfavorable factors:
- severe hypothermia of the body;
- an unusually high volume or an excessively long load on the bones of the hands or feet;
- age-related hormonal changes;
- prolonged stress;
- change the habitual diet and diet.
Various forms of arthritis with their specific signs and "favorite" lesions are described, but an unchanged symptom of the diseases of this group is an intense pain syndrome.
The disease can occur in both acute and chronic form with periodic exacerbations.
When relapse, the tumor of the articulation of the fingers is visually noted, the skin becomes red, local temperature rises.
In some situations, the symptoms of an organism's intoxication are recorded: high fever, headache, fever and chills. Such conditions require immediate comprehensive treatment.
Determine how to conduct treatment of finger arthritis, can only an experienced doctor after studying the results of diagnosis and exclusion of other pathologies. As a rule, the program of drug treatment is represented by a combination of drugs of these groups:
- broad-spectrum antibiotics;
- antiviral drugs;
- blockers of histamine receptors;
- immunostimuljatyory, or, on the contrary, cytostatics (immunodepressants);
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents;
- steroid hormones;
Since pain - the very first sign of "disorder" in the body, which informs about a variety of pathological conditions, it is impossible Ignore this warning: if you have any discomfort in your joints, you should seek medical help and perform diagnostic tests. Events.
A source: https://sustaa.ru/o-sustavah/bolyat-sustavy-i-myshcy-ruk-i-nog