Antibiotics for severe cough and cold: what better to take
Antibiotics from coughs eliminate unpleasant symptoms for colds. However, to cough disappeared as quickly as possible to better carry out a comprehensive treatment, including a list of a variety of drugs.
As is known, in addition to harmful microorganisms, antibiotics kill coughing bacteria and cold and cold.
Therefore, when the course of therapy with these funds is over, it is necessary to replenish the body's reserves with useful elements.
So, you should take vitamin and remedies, which contain the necessary microelements, which help restore the intestinal microflora.
Cough Antibiotics: Advantages and Disadvantages
Today, the treatment of serious diseases caused by infections and bacteria can not do without the use of antibiotics. But you need to take antibiotics with a dry cough only under medical supervision, because in case of self-treatment you can cause significant damage to the body.With a slight runny nose and headache, antibiotics from cough, abounding in a mass of side effects, it is better not to use. Therefore, it is more expedient to conduct treatment with less harmful medicines on plant components.
Recent scientific research has shown that the abuse of potent drugs has led to the fact that the bacteria have developed immunity to certain antibiotics from cough. So, in 2016 it was proved that most of these medicines no longer have the proper effect.
Antibiotic for cough and cold is not recommended for children, because it does not help get rid of a viral infection, if it's viral rhinitis. These drugs can only affect bacteria. In addition, children are appointed in 6-8% of cases.
But antibiotics from coughing adults not only eliminate cough or help get rid of the temperature. With their help, the following diseases are treated:
- acute pneumonia;
- infection of the lungs;
What antibiotics are used to treat a cough?
The list of antibiotics used for colds is quite large. So, what antibiotics from cough are prescribed most often?
Tablets Flemoxin Solutab are a popular drug developed by the Japanese company Yamanouchi. This remedy should be taken with infection and inflammation of the respiratory system and hearing, genitourinary system and gastrointestinal tract.
The main active substance of the drug is amoxicillin. This substance localizes gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Treatment with this drug is prescribed for:
- infections and damage to the skin;
- infection of the organs of hearing and breathing;
- inflammatory processes in the digestive system;
- urethritis, cystitis and other urogenital infections.
However, Flemoxin Solutab should not be taken to people who are allergic to penicillin and other components of the drug.Dosage for children from 1 to 3 years is prescribed depending on the weight. Children up to 10 years old doctor can prescribe 250-370 mg three times a day. And adults and children over 10 years of age the drug is prescribed 2 or 3 times a day from 375 to 700 mg.
Treatment for a runny nose and cough lasts 5-10 days. But when the signs of the disease disappear, antibiotics from a cough need to drink another 48 hours.
Side effects appear in certain cases. These can be skin rashes, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea and an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth.
Erythromycin is another popular antibiotic for cough. This drug has a negative effect on pneumococci, staphylococci and other pathogens.
However, in comparison with Flemoxin Solutab he is not so strong. But Erythromycin does not belong to the penicillin group, so it is well tolerated by patients.
The drug is administered when:
- inflammation of the eyelids;
- infection of blood;
- purulent otitis;
- purulent skin diseases;
- inflammation of the bone marrow.
Children such antibiotics for coughing and during the common cold should be taken with a calculation of 20-40 mg per 1 kg of weight. Adults at one time can drink 0.25 g of funds when the disease is easy and 0.50 g in severe disease.Such cough antibiotics with prolonged admission often lead to abnormalities in the functioning of the liver, which can cause jaundice. Side effects are rare. It can be vomiting, allergies and diarrhea.
And what antibacterial agents are prescribed to clean the cough fast? Antibiotics for coughing in adults Amoxiclav and Augmentin are effective drugs.
Augmentin eliminates infections of the ENT organs, soft tissues, bones. In addition, the drug helps cope with inflammation of the urinary organs, pneumonia and chronic bronchitis. Treatment with Augmentin lasts up to 14 days.
Amoksiklav - another antibacterial drug, which is prescribed in the presence of infection of the skin, urinary organs, otitis media, gonorrhea, pneumonia and chronic bronchitis. However, this remedy is only for adult patients.
Contraindications include individual intolerance with regard to clavulanic acid, amoxicillin and other components. It is worth noting that treatment with Amoxiclav can not be done with jaundice and hepatitis.
Such cough antibiotics as Sumamed can be used to treat children and adults. This drug is universal, its active component is Azithromycin. The medicine effectively eliminates cough with chronic bronchitis, tonsillitis, tonsillitis. In addition, Azithromycin removes inflammation of the urogenital organs and pustular rash.
Typically, the duration of therapy is three days. But cough antibiotics, which contain Azithromycin, can not be prescribed to pregnant women and people, with the disruption of the kidneys and liver.
How to remove cough with the help of traditional medicine recipes?
Taking antibiotics from cough in adults can be done with folk remedies. But what is the best recipe to choose? With a cold and cough, it is useful to drink tea from raspberries, which is not only tasty, but also has a lot of useful properties. So, in this berry contains salicylates and tannins, due to which it actively fights bacteria.In addition, raspberries abound with vitamins of group B, E, C, A, fructose and sucrose. This has a beneficial effect on the human body, eliminating the symptoms of colds.
To prepare a useful raspberry tea you need to pour into the brewer 1 tbsp. l. leaves raspberries and pour all with two glasses of boiling water, and then cover with a lid. When tea is brewed, it must be poured into a cup and honey added there. This tea is effective at a cold, fever and cough warms up the sore throat.
Cough can be effectively eliminated with garlic. To this end, it is necessary to divide into two parts a clove of garlic and to inhale its vapors throughout the day. as a rule, funds from the common cold are quite effective in conjunction with traditional medicine.
To remove the dry cough, you should grind the garlic, and then put the gruel on the cloth, and after rubbing the feet. Thus it is necessary to put on warm socks.
With a strong runny nose and cough apply the following recipe: you need to grind a couple of cloves of garlic, mix them with 1-2 tablespoons. l. honey and leave to insist on a night in a warm place. Treatment with this drug consists in taking 1 tbsp. l. funds 2-4 times a day.
With a strong runny nose and a cough that appears in the evening, you need to dissolve 3 drops of iodine in 1 glass of water. The medicine should be drunk every day before going to bed.
Moreover, antibiotics for cough and other medicines prescribed by a doctor can be combined with the use of freshly squeezed juices. So, carrot juice should be mixed in the same proportions with warm milk. This medication is taken 5-7 times a day for a week.
The video in this article will tell you what to do when coughing, and which drugs to give preference.
Choosing an antibiotic for coughing
Cough is different: superficial, deep, dry, wet, painful. In any case, he says that in the human body is not all right. Usually cough is treated symptomatically, i.e. try to remove the causes that caused it - mucus in the nasopharynx, dryness there, etc. However, it often happens that cough from such treatment does not go away. And this means that the disease is at a more serious stage. At this point antibiotics are usually used for treatment.Despite the fact that cough can be very painful and prolonged, antibiotic prescription is not always required. However, modern doctors prescribe such a strong medication regularly. Studies have shown that there are very good reasons for prescribing an antibiotic for coughing.
Rules to follow when prescribing an antibiotic for coughing
First and foremost, the following rule must be observed: the antibiotic prescription must necessarily be justified. This is due to the fact that the full name of antibiotic treatment is deciphered as antibacterial therapy. And this means that antibiotics are effective only if the pathogen is bacteria. Accordingly, they should be taken only in those cases when the patient notes:
- bacterial bronchitis;
- bacterial pneumonia;
- bacterial bronchopneumonia;
It is almost impossible to confirm such a diagnosis by eye. To accurately determine the cause, additional studies, such as X-rays or swabs from the oral cavity, are usually required.
It should be understood that if the disease that causes a cough, viral, there will be no sense from antibiotics. It is also worth taking into account the fact that there are diseases characterized, in particular, by a cough, but not having anything to do with lungs - heart disease, various intoxications, etc.
Another rule is that the antibiotic must necessarily be selected competently. Today, there is a huge number of drugs that affect these or other pathogens working in those or other parts of the lungs, etc. In addition, a person usually has an increased sensitivity to certain groups of drugs and perfect insensitivity to others. Naturally, in the first case, the medicine will act efficiently, in the second case it will not work at all. Therefore, before you start taking an antibiotic, it is advisable to pass an analysis on the sensitivity to the drug.
If the disease is clearly of a bacterial nature, and the doctor and the ability to pass the analysis is not, you can start taking a broad-spectrum antibiotic.
And, of course, you need to take an antibiotic according to certain rules. Usually it is prescribed for a week. But often it happens that a person begins to drink medicine, on the third day it becomes easier, and he decides to stop treatment. So it is absolutely impossible to do - neither in the case of adults, nor even more so with children. This is due to the fact that when taking the drug in the blood accumulates the necessary concentration for a successful fight against bacteria. If the course is interrupted, the treatment will not be brought to an end, the microbes and bacteria will not be completely destroyed. And this means that the sensitivity to this drug in the patient will be reduced, and the next time it just does not help.
What antibiotics are usually prescribed
According to experts, antibiotics from the penicillin group are the most effective antibacterial drugs for coughing. As a rule, in most cases, appoint augmentin. This drug is one of the most safe and suitable even for the treatment of babies.
Another popular drug is amoksiklav. It is also widely used and is often used to treat both adults and children. It is in demand and success, thanks to its rather high medicinal properties.
As for the form of the drug, it can be of several types. For adults, as a rule, they produce tablets, which must be drunk strictly according to the instructions. Children are usually given a suspension. It has a pleasant sweet taste and is accepted by the child much better than if crushed with a tablet and mixed with water.
Things to consider when taking an antibiotic
Taking an antibiotic, it is necessary to take into account that it is necessary to drink with it drugs that contribute to the restoration of the intestinal flora, the antibiotic has a strong effect on it.
Antibiotic for cough and temperature
Antibiotic for cough and temperature is not always prescribed. It should be prescribed by a doctor, since a strong drug instead of the expected benefit in some cases can harm the body.
When are antibiotics needed for cough and temperature?
In order to understand when to take antibiotics for cough and temperature, you should know that these drugs are antimicrobial and antibacterial. Their action can be directed to one or more groups of bacteria. Their main purpose is to reduce the growth of the number of microbes or cause their death. In this case, light anti-inflammatory drugs can cope with this task.
Antibiotics for cough and temperature are prescribed in the case of bronchitis or pneumonia. The first disease sometimes, it turns out, is cured without them. Therefore, antibiotic agents for bronchitis are indicated for use in the advanced stage of the disease, with severe obstruction, and also if the temperature does not go astray and lasts more than five days.
Cough with pneumonia requires mandatory intake of antibiotics. This disease is very dangerous and can lead to the development of pulmonary edema. Therefore, it is treated, as a rule, permanently. In addition to antibacterial drugs, patients are also prescribed antitussive medications aimed at excretion of sputum from the lungs.
When purulent or follicular angina patients are also prescribed antibiotics. At the same time, the temperature can remain high for five to six days, even if a strong antibacterial drug is taken. Cough in tonsillitis may be absent. If he does, there are no separate medicines to get rid of it, because it occurs because of severe persecution and scratching in the throat.
Temperature, cough, what antibiotic to take?Before talking about what antibiotics to take when coughing and fever, it should be explained that if the cause of these symptoms was a viral infection. After all, the substances contained in their composition are powerless in this situation.
With bronchitis, the patient is often prescribed "Amoxicilin" or "Azithromycin". The latter is also sold in pharmacies called "Z-factor". When pneumonia, tablets or injections of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed, for example, "Cephasaline" or "Sumamed". With deep tracheitis or non-viral tonsillitis, patients are prescribed "Flemoxin" or "Amoxiclav".
The names of antibiotics are given for reference only. Prescribe them should be a specialist in the field of medicine.
Antibiotics for coughing
CoughIs a protective reflex of our body, serving, first of all, for getting rid of an alien body from the respiratory tract. Cough is not a separate disease, but can be a symptom of a disease or its consequence. Also, coughing can be associated with a mechanical effect on the larynx or trachea (prolonged conversation or screaming, inhalation of irritating mucous membranes of gases, etc.).
Do I need antibiotics for cough?
Quite often, doctors prescribe antibiotics with a strong and prolonged dry or wet cough accompanying infectious diseases. In some cases, the appointment of drugs of this type is associated with the prevention of possible complications of the disease. However, it is proven that in most cases, taking antibiotics does not speed up getting rid of this symptom and Sometimes the appointment of antibiotics for the treatment of diseases with a wet or dry cough is absolutely unreasonably.
Many diseases accompanied by a cough are caused by various kinds of viruses, against which conventional tablets are absolutely powerless. Therefore, antibiotics in such cases are not only unable to help, but can also cause significant harm to the body (cause dysbacteriosis, addiction, allergic reactions, etc.).
Should I use antibiotics for cough?
Reception of antibiotics for coughing is effective and expedient only if the pathogens are bacteria, and it is precisely known which ones. To determine the type of pathogenic microflora that affects the respiratory tract, it is necessary to analyze the sputum to be separated. Another important point is the analysis of the susceptibility of these bacteria to certain types of antibiotics. Only after this, you can prescribe a specific medication that is guaranteed to help get rid of the disease.
Thus, it is only the therapist who can determine which antibiotics to take when coughing in a particular case, after receiving the results of these tests.
Signs of bacterial infection
There are several signs with which the doctor can determine that the disease, accompanied by a cough, is not viral, but bacterial.
Symptoms of bacterial cough:
- high temperature, which lasts more than two days (38 - 39 ° C);
- pronounced dyspnea;
- protracted nature of the disease;
- the results of a blood test indicate leukocytosis with a shift of the formula to the left;
- toxic manifestations of the disease.
You can independently know in advance whether the virus is a bacterial flora according to such a simple "rule if a cough accompanies an inflammation in the throat and a runny nose, this is a viral infection, and if there is only a cough and sore throat - an infection is bacterial, and antibiotics take required. It should also be cautious with a protracted cough in the absence of other symptoms.
As a rule, it is impossible to do without antibiotics with such diagnoses:
- acute bronchitis;
It is worth noting once again that you can not take antibiotics on your own while coughing, even if someone helped them with such symptoms. Only a doctor can prescribe them after the tests. Regardless of the type of antibiotic and the duration of the course of its use, after the end of treatment it is recommended to conduct a course of dysbacteriosis prevention. In some cases (especially when prescribing antibiotics to children), a parallel intake of antihistamines is prescribed.
Antibiotic when coughing in children. Treatment of cough in children with antibiotics
The season of colds almost always begins with a cough. This is a symptom of various kinds of diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Also, its occurrence can provoke unnecessary strain on the larynx and trachea or a transferred cold.
What should not you do when you cough?
In such cases, the treatment of cough with antibiotics in children is especially popular. It is with the help of these "magic" means that parents hope to defeat the disease. But it is worth noting that antibiotics are not a "golden pill" for coughing in children and adolescents. If a child has a viral illness (acute respiratory viral infection, pharyngitis, tonsillitis), mechanical damage to the larynx or trachea, taking antibiotics will not produce any results.
Based on this, it can be concluded that the use of such drugs is justified and effective only with the correct form of microflora that affects children Airways. Therefore, to determine whether it is necessary to take antibiotics for cough, you must always consult a doctor.
Many parents are inclined to think that an antibiotic when coughing in children will only harm their body. But without antibacterial drugs can not cure pneumonia, tuberculosis and other complex diseases. Only a doctor can correctly prescribe antibiotics, from which reception will be more useful than harm. In addition, with proper treatment, the occurrence of adverse effects from the administration of these medications is virtually non-existent.
When to take?
Antibiotic for children coughing is used to combat bacterial infections. But they have absolutely no effect on viruses. If there are signs of coughing such as runny nose, weakness, weakness, headache and sore throat, it characterizes the presence of the virus. It is he who contributes to the development of the disease. Cough causes such viral diseases as influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial infection and measles.
The intake of antibiotics in ARI contributes to the emergence and intensive development of various kinds of allergies, dysbiosis. But the child's recovery is not reduced.
Prescribe antibiotics when coughing in children should be when the onset of the disease provoked:
- bronchitis and other bacterial diseases of the respiratory tract.
On the bacterial nature of the disease, I testify to the following symptoms:
- elevated temperature for more than 3 days;
- an elevated level of leukocytes in the blood, a leukocyte formula shifted to the left;
- the presence of pronounced dyspnea;
- duration of the disease.
Correct selection of a medicinal product
To get rid of a long cough, you need a competent approach. To detect microflora and determine the sensitivity of bacteria to various kinds of antibacterial agents, one must make sputum culture. As a result of this analysis, it will be possible to determine precisely which preparations will be beneficial in this case, and which will not have any effect on the disease, and cough after antibiotics in the child is not will pass.
When time is playing against you
But it takes time to conduct this analysis and process its results. At the same time, the child's poor state of health worsens and requires taking appropriate measures. In this case, the antibiotic for a child with a strong cough is selected empirically, while taking into account the probable pathogen.
Monotherapy and broad-spectrum antibiotics
The most optimal way out in any case is carrying out monotherapy (use one antibacterial drug). It is desirable that it is a tablet, suspension or powder. Only in cases of severe disease, injections are prescribed.
If there is no possibility to consult a doctor on time, and the child's well-being worsens (breathing increases, intoxication accompanied by high fever), it is necessary to take an antibiotic from a dry cough that has a wide spectrum actions. The starting antibacterial agent in this case can be "Amoxiclav" or "Augmentin". Also positive results will result from the use of amoxicillin in combination with sulbactam (Trifamox).
How to treat cough in children with antibiotics?
First of all, we should not forget that taking antibiotics should be regular. Only in this case the necessary concentration of the active substance will accumulate in the body and will retain it, which will lead to the death of bacteria. At irregular reception there is a decrease in the concentration of antibiotic. Such treatment will not lead to a positive result. Moreover, it can provoke the development of drug resistance to this drug.
Also the child should feel relief for a short time. With the correct choice of antibiotic, there will be a positive dynamics (dry or wet cough will disappear, chest pain will decrease, breathing becomes easier).
If after 48 hours the improvement does not occur, this medication is not suitable for your child. It must be replaced with another antibiotic or a combination of drugs. But do not increase the dose, this will not bring absolutely no results.
Take an antibiotic when coughing in children should be for a long time. In most cases, the duration of the course is 5-7 days. Even if the child feels well after a few days, do not stop treatment, because there is a threat of return of the disease.
What antibiotics are used to treat a child's cough?
For this purpose, drugs are used, the main active substance of which are:
- penicillin, which is contained in the "Amoxiclave" Augmentin "Flemoxin Solutaba." They are almost always appointed first. Only if their use does not bring the desired effect, use other groups of medicines;
- cephalosporin, available in "Cefataxime" Cefuroxime. " These antibiotics when coughing in children are prescribed if during the last 2-3 months the child has already taken other antibacterial drugs. Also they are used in the case when there is no effect from taking penicillins.
Macrolides and fluoroquinolones
The class of macrolides includes "Azitrotsin" Sumamed ". These are effective drugs in the presence of inflammatory processes in the airway of the child.
Quite limited is the use of fluoroquinolones. This is due to the fact that this antibiotic when coughing in children significantly affects the development of cartilaginous tissue and accumulates in the bones.
At all it is not necessary to treat the child by itself. Since, apart from the obvious symptoms, the age of the child, the conditions of infection, affect the choice of antibiotics. In some cases, cough can provoke an atypical microflora (chlamydia or mycoplasma). In this case, absolutely other antibiotics should be attributed to children when coughing. What, only a doctor can say.
The correct treatment program can only be prescribed by a doctor. In addition to antibiotics, he will prescribe an antihistamine course. After the end of treatment, it is necessary to prevent dysbacteriosis. If a deterioration in the child's condition occurs during therapy, you should immediately seek help from specialists.
Advise antibiotics against coughing.
Miliston from a cough, Not an antibiotic, but very effective. Cleanses the bronchi and relieves inflammation,
And to the pulmonologist to descend or go why it is impossible? Try a drink... Antibiotics are evil... Better go to a specialized doctor ...
From a cough: mukaltin, mukalvan... Gedelix... But antibiotics.. From a cough, honestly, I do not know!
if you need strong antibiotics, then try to kill cefazolin.
To treat does not want? go to the head (s) of the outpatient department, or to the doctor's office. You have every right.
or you tell him how to treat you?? And he sends you tactfully n * x * d. .
I myself work in this field and I've seen enough and heard such incidents.
Biseptol is an antibiotic good. Mukalatin though and not an antibiotic but helps.
vilprafen (Dzhozamitsin) in a darling expensive but most sparing and at the same time strong, only with a dosage of more accurate softness is deceptive, and after treatment do not forget probiotics GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT to cure. (from his health about 80% of immunity is affected) The most effective drug is called "vetom" but it is not found in pharmacies because it is cheap and effective, but in veterinarians it is, from the human is different NOTHING.
Antibiotics from bacteria, not from cough.
Listen to this. Coughing may not necessarily be a cold, perhaps allergic. Antibiotics are helpless here. And in general, beware of them. If the doctor listened to you and did not hear a wheeze or a hard breathing, then it's easy in the lungs. This may be an overhead process. Then, warming, distracting procedures will do.. And in general, I advise you to address to the allergist. You can pass the tests. Watching what a cough and how long.. But in the worst case, you can jump to bronchial asthma. You do not wait, allergologists are literate, they will listen to you again and prompt you. Just do not rush into antibiotics-if you do not need them now, then, someday, if you need them, they just can not help, and you can not joke with the course of antibiotic treatment, at the slightest incompleteness, the microorganisms surviving turn into so-called L-forms, which lose their shell and become resistant to antibiotics, and generate their own strains. Just do not blindly take them. Remember this. Even doctors often sin this, it is necessary for a competent treatment to pass the test for antibiotic sensitivity, but we do it when the "poke" method does not work. .
To the allergist! Or even just ahead of the head of the therapeutic department of the clinic, present your request to see you again, ask, tell me that you doubt that you are healthy. And the tests are repeated, with the formula.
Successes to you and health.
Antibiotics for bronchitis in children and adults
Bronchitis is a common disease that in recent years has been chronic in the population, and the signs of bronchitis in adults vary and depend on many factors.
Before the treatment of bronchitis it is necessary to find out the cause that caused the disease. Unfortunately, antibiotics for adults are prescribed empirically in adults, and in some states their purpose is completely inappropriate.
It is known that bronchitis without antibiotics is easily treated if the inflammation has a viral origin, since the virus is not treated with antibacterial agents.
If you take antibiotics during ARVI - this only interferes with the body's defense mechanisms to fight the virus, they depress immune system, lead to the development of dysbacteriosis, allergies, develop the resistance of microorganisms to the drug drug.
Depending on the type of bronchitis the doctor is prescribed the appropriate treatment:
Types of bronchitis
- Acute bronchitis
It is an inflammatory process in the bronchi that occurs most often against the background of Orvi, the flu. With a normal immune response, the body can cope with the virus and in this case antibiotics are not shown. But with the accession of a bacterial infection - pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci, with a severe course of acute bronchitis without antibiotics is indispensable. Symptoms of acute bronchitis: purulent sputum (yellow or green) with a strong cough, temperature 3, -3, C, chest pain. The doctor prescribes expectorants, mucolytic agents for improving the excretion of sputum (bromhexine, lazolvan, chest collection), showing inhalation. With a dry, painful, unproductive cough, the anticancer preparations are shown (Sinekod, Libexin). Well helps therapeutic exercises, physiotherapy, vibrating massage. With timely and adequate treatment, the disease passes quickly, residual phenomena in the form of a cough may persist for 3-4 weeks after the illness.
- Chronical bronchitis
If the number of days of illness in two years exceeds three months, such bronchitis is considered chronic. It is distinguished by the presence of a strong cough with mucus. This can be due to smoking (see. lung cancer and smoking), occupational hazard, allergic reaction and respiratory tract infections.
Separately stands out atypical forms of bronchitis. Mycoplasmal and chlamydial bronchitis are special types of inflammation of the bronchi and lungs, which are caused by such atypical pathogens as chlamydia and mycoplasma. Recently, these bronchitis have become more often diagnosed. Mycoplasmal and chlamydial bronchitis and pneumonia develop slowly, are accompanied by intoxication, have a recurrent and protracted nature, are difficult to treat. In patients other than cough, there is a high body temperature, chills, muscle aches.
Which antibiotic is better
The table provides a choice of treatment depending on the type of bronchitis:
|Types of bronchitis||additional characteristics||Treatment choice|
|Acute bronchitis||Viral etiology||Expectorants,
Bronchitis without antibiotics
|Chronic uncomplicated bronchitis||Less than 4 exacerbations per year||Aminopenicillins
|Chronic complicated bronchitis||More than 4 relapses per year, the patient's age is more than 65 years||Amoxicillin, Amoxiclav
|Chronic bronchitis with concomitant diseases||The presence of chronic diseases, diabetes, kidney, heart failure||Fluoroquinolones (in resistant flora, contraindicated in children)|
|Chlamydia bronchitis||It develops in children and in adults with weakened immunity||Tetracyclines
|Mycoplasma bronchitis||It develops in children and in adults with weakened immunity||Macrolides|
- Aminopenicillins - first-line drugs
- Macrolides - second-line drugs
Azithromycin (Sumamed price 540-560 rub. Azithromycin, Azitrox, Hemomycin, Z-factor, Azitrus 140 rub., Azicid, Azitral), Midekamycin (Macropen price 220-230 rubles.). Violate the production of protein in the cells of bacteria, so the microbes stop multiplying.
- Fluoroquinolones - appointed with inefficiency, allergic reactions to the first 2 rows
Levofloxacin (price 430-670 rub.), Ofloksatsin (price 30 - 170 rubles.), Moxifloxacin (Avelox price 1100-1200 rub.). Quite expensive drugs, refer to antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action, are contraindicated to children, cause dysbacteriosis, are considered to be preparations of the reserve.
Cefazolin (10-12 rubles a bottle for 1 injection), Ceftriaxone (17-50 rubles per bottle for 1 in.), Cefalexin (capsules 40-50 rubles. for 16 pcs.), Cefixim (Suprax, Panzef, Ixim).
What is the best antibiotic for bronchitis?
This is the one to which the causative agent of the disease is most sensitive. How to determine this, and what antibiotics to drink with bronchitis? The most correct choice of a drug will be after the result of bacterial culture of phlegm on sensitivity to antibacterial agents. The disadvantage of such an analysis is the duration of the result, as well as the fact that the analysis is not done because of savings in reagents or lack of laboratories. Most often, the doctor prescribes a broad spectrum antibiotic according to the standard of treatment.
Antibiotics for children
The use of antimicrobial agents in children with colds is unacceptable, their administration is justified only in case of complication development:
- This may be the case when after the flu virus, ARVI after 4-5 days, the deterioration of the general condition of the child, the rise of high fever, a wet cough with purulent sputum. In this case, call a doctor.
- The safest and most effective drugs that can be prescribed for children are aminopenicillins and macrolides. Cephalosporins and macrolides are prescribed if there is an allergy to penicillins.
- During and after taking antibiotics, the child should take probiotic drugs in between using antibiotics, and after end of the course of treatment to continue the use of Bifiform, Rio Flora Immuno, Acipola, Bifidumbacterin, Linex for another 2-4 weeks (cm. a complete list of probiotics, analogues of Linesque).
The main rules for taking antibiotics
- Continuity of the course of treatment. The doctor evaluates the patient's condition and determines the duration of therapy, usually enough 5-7 days, with macrolide treatment - 5 days.
- Take exactly the time. It is necessary to observe the frequency of reception and maintain the same time intervals (24, 12, 8, 6 hours), that is, if an antibiotic is prescribed 3 times a day, then it is taken every 8 hours. This is necessary to maintain a constant concentration of the drug in the blood. Some antibiotics should be drunk 1 time per day (every 24 hours), others 2 (every 12 hours), some three (8 hours).
- Monitor the effect of the antibiotic. If there is no improvement within 72 hours, then the causative agent to this antibacterial agent is stable and should be changed.
- Continue treatment 2-3 days after the obvious improvement, recovery (see, for example, 11 rules for the correct intake of antibiotics).
For any malaise, cough, temperature, always consult a doctor. Distinguish manifestations of diseases, differentiate the disease, which drug should be chosen better for bronchitis and how to correctly take it, only a specialist can do it. Trust doctors, then you will not have to deal with the situation of complications from untimely or incorrect treatment, as well as with unreasonable intake of medications.