Prolonged cough in the childIt often happens that a cough in a child, even with timely and full treatment, does not disappear, remaining for a long time. If this happens, then you need to visit a doctor and go through the required examinations. After identifying the cause of a protracted cough in the child, a specialist will be able to prescribe a treatment.
In which case can we talk about the protracted character of coughing? It is believed that a cough that lasts more than 2-3 weeks, despite the measures taken to treat it, requires a second visit to the doctor.
Causes of a protracted cough in a child
If a child's coughing is delayed for more than three weeks, it is very important to establish the cause of this. After all, this symptom indicates the presence of diseases or other pathologies in the baby's body, which require medical intervention. To identify the causes of protracted cough in a child, you need to trust the specialist, since with self-imposed measures, the probability of error is high. In most cases, such a pathology in babies appears for the following reasons:
- Allergic reactions and allergic diseases, such as asthma.
- Diseases of infectious nature. They can have a local character (sinusitis, otitis, pharyngitis and others), a general nature (chlamydia, whooping cough and others), and also be relapsing (in which case cough becomes the first symptom exacerbation).
- Foreign objects in the respiratory system.
- The impact of various irritating factors, they can include dust, cigarette smoke, excessive air dryness and so on.
- A certain response of the respiratory system, expressed in the formation of bronchial spasms, occurs when physical activity, contact with cold air or during sleep.
- Gastroesophageal reflux, which is a special pathology, which is characterized by a reverse movement of food along the digestive tract.
- Neurogenic and psychological factors: strong experiences, stresses, fear and others.
Many causes of protracted cough in a child are quite specific. To confirm the diagnosis, laboratory tests, which are prescribed by a specialist, may be required. In addition, the doctor collects an anamnesis, interviewing the patient, and allocates a provoking cough factor.
Treatment of protracted cough in children
The purpose of treatment of a protracted cough in a child depends not only on the diagnosis, but also on many other parameters. An important role is played by the form of cough. So, with a dry cough, the baby can talk about difficulties with the consistency of phlegm. In such cases, often prescribed drugs that are aimed at diluting the secretion of the lungs. Wet cough is considered more productive. With this symptom, it is usually advisable to take medications that produce phlegm. In addition to the form of cough, when appointing a course of treatment, the expert takes into account the age of the baby, possible allergic reactions and individual intolerance and other moments.
Prolonged dry cough in a child
If a protracted cough in a child is dry, then antitussive drugs may be prescribed. The effect of such drugs is directed to the cough center located in the brain. Such drugs include butamirate, tusuprex and others.
Other medicines may be prescribed:
- Delsim in the form of a suspension. This drug has a fairly long-term effect, eliminating all the symptoms of dry prolonged cough in the child;
- Robotussin, he blocks the cough reflex;
- Libexin, which reduces sensitivity of respiratory mucosa receptors and others.
A good alternative to medications can be homeopathic remedies, for example, honey mixed with lemon juice. However, even with the choice of such methods of treatment, dosage and remedy should be chosen only together with the doctor.
Prolonged wet cough in the child
With a prolonged wet cough in the child, it is important to ensure good sputum discharge. The following activities will help in this:
- generous warm drink for the baby;
- inhalation with the addition of chloride benzoate, soda, ammonium chloride, for the same purpose, extracts of medicinal plants can be used. The action of all these means is aimed at moistening the mucosa and facilitating the excretion of sputum, in addition, they have a slight anesthetic effect;
- You can give the child funds based on herbs and phytopreparations, which have a bronchodilator, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect;
- Reception mukoliticheskih preparations which thin out a sputum and normalize its allocation in bronchuses. These include Ambroxol, Carbocysteine, Acetetylcysteine and others.
In any case, the presence of a protracted cough in a child requires medical attention and mandatory diagnosis. Since often such a symptom indicates the transition of the disease into a chronic form, and if in time not to take measures for its treatment, the pathology may persist for a long time or even all the life of the baby.
How to treat a protracted cough in children
The main direction of treatment for prolonged coughing in a child is the elimination of the cause that caused it. After the diagnosis was made and confirmed by laboratory tests, together with a doctor a course of treatment, which includes various treatment activities and the reception of certain preparations.
The use of antibiotics is justified only with the bacterial character of a protracted cough in a child, that is, with bacterial diseases such as tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis and others. However, much more often the infection that caused the cough in the baby is viral.
With laryngitis, the symptom of which is barking cough, inhalations with hormones or the administration of hormonal agents are indicated.
Dry lingering cough in children is treated with antitussive drugs. For children, you can use Dextromethorphan, Glaucine, Butamirate and others. You can substitute medicines with folk remedies. With a dry cough, the baby is fed with warmed milk with soda at the rate of a small spoon on a glass, hot tea with honey, currants or raspberries.
It is important to correctly assess the nature of the cough before giving the child a medicine, since the use of antitussive drugs is strictly contraindicated with a damp cough. In this case, the baby needs to be given expectorants that take out phlegm. Of medicinal plants have a similar effect of oregano, mint, thyme, licorice, marshmallow, anise and others. To help dry cough go to the wet are mucolytics. Among the folk remedies, this juice has the juice of plantain, extracts of fruits of anise and thyme, black radish with honey.
For very young children it is better to use synthetic mucolytic agents, since in this case it is easier to monitor the dose taken. Of these drugs can be called Bromgeksin, Mukaltin, ATSTS, Ambrobene, Doctor MOM and others.
Often in the treatment of protracted cough in older children, homeopathic remedies are used. They can be combined with the intake of antibiotics and other drugs or act as a separate treatment course. To treat dry cough, which appears in the form of strong attacks, apply potentiated copper and round-sulffered sundew. A painful dry lingering cough in children can be treated with the help of Percussion or white hair.
Coppers must cope with the cough. But you can put them only at normal temperature in the child. Such treatment is carried out for four days. In the absence of visible effect treatment is canceled, and the question of possible complication and progression of the disease is raised. Carrying out procedures using mustard plasters in children more than 5 times in a row is unacceptable, because this can cause an allergic reaction.
How to cure a protracted cough in a child?It is very important to pay attention in time to a protracted cough in the child to begin treatment. Cough that does not go away, says a serious illness, it brings discomfort to the child, irritates his nervous system, so you need to get rid of it as quickly as possible. There is a large number of causes of cough - an inflammatory process in the mucous membrane of the respiratory system. Often a protracted cough is accompanied by laryngitis, an irritable process in the pleura. If there is no sputum, it is dangerous, because it has a protective reaction, clears the respiratory.
Treatment of a protracted cough with antibiotics
First, it is very important to find out the cause of the cough, specifically, antibiotic therapy is carried out, during which the bacterial infection is calculated, which settled in the upper the respiratory tract - sinusitis, otitis, angina, the doctor should also check the child, it may have an inflammatory process in the lungs, pathologies associated with the lungs must also be excluded cystic fibrosis. All of the above diseases require antibiotics.
In acute bronchitis, it is very important to use antibacterial therapy, if the infection is caused by chlamydia or mycoplasmas, obstructive bronchitis may be a consequence of ARVI.
Prolonged cough in whooping cough is also treated with antibiotics, but they can not be treated at an early stage of the disease in the first week, this will only reduce the symptoms. Later, antibiotic therapy may also not help, but the child will be easier to tolerate the disease, for this it is necessary to treat the child with azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin.
If a prolonged cough in the child due to surgery, adenotomy, tonsillotomy, also after the acute respiratory viral infection, it is necessary to use the local antibiotic Bioparox. It has an anti-inflammatory effect on the body. If the child suffers from a chronic form of tonsillitis, the bacteria in the acute respiratory infections begin to multiply actively, most often there are pneumococci, hemophils. Infections such as angina with Bioparox can not be cured.
Treatment of a protracted cough after a laryngitis
If the child is constantly tormented by barking cough, it is necessary to treat it with the help of inhalations. But this method can not be used for children with bronchitis, pneumonia. Swelling and inflammation from the larynx helps to remove dexamethasone, also recommend inhalation with the use of budesonide, so the cough will quickly pass.
Expectorant and antitussive drugs with prolonged cough
With a dry cough, the taking of these medications is mandatory, but if the cough is wet it is in no case to be used. Children with prolonged dry cough are treated with glaucin, butamirate, oxeladine, pentoxifin. An effective means is buckwheat honey, if the child does not have an allergic reaction to this product, you need to give a teaspoon to the baby.
If a child coughs because of pharyngitis and barking it is necessary to give milk with soda or mineral water, tea with raspberries, they are better than different sprays.
Note that almost all drugs that are used with pharyngitis, in its composition have an antiseptic, it can disrupt microflora in the oral mucosa, therefore it is best to apply Bioparox for inhalation, it has an anti-inflammatory effect and so treats lingering cough.
If the cough is wet it can in no case be treated with syrups, cough medications, can be in small amounts if the sputum badly departs. All expectorants can cause vomiting and allergies in the child. It is best to brew herbal infusion, for it to use licorice, mint, anise, thyme, rosemary, mother-and-stepmother, they are not expensive and safe.
Many doctors do not recommend children with prolonged cough to give syrups based on exotic plant species - quiberio, ivy, Greenland grass. Care should be taken to grind the essential oils - conifers, eucalyptus, they can quickly suck in the skin. Often in children, they have unforeseen allergic reactions.
Pharmacists with prolonged cough recommend the use of such drugs:
1. Syrup from the root of the altei.
2. Bronchocin consists of basil oil, ephedrine, glaucine.
3. Hexapneumemine contains a large amount of guaifenazine, eucalyptus, folcodine.
Often the doctor prescribes with a prolonged cough such a combined cough remedy, as Bronholitin. With the help of his cough becomes rare, but does not completely leave the child, but can reduce the work of the bronchi, lungs, so it can only complicate the course of the disease.
Mucolytic drugs with prolonged cough
In cases of chronic disease of the respiratory system, in which sputum viscous - chronic pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, bronchial malformations, appoint Pulmozyme, acetylcysteine. But these drugs are forbidden to use for bronchitis, because there can be severe consequences. Pay attention to the drugs allowed to consume children after 12 years.
Acute bronchitis is best treated with Ambroxol, Bromhexine. If a protracted cough is accompanied by obstruction, you need to get rid of bronchospasm, for this use sympathomimetics. Pay attention, in no case you can drink during this period, Acetylcysteine, because of it, bronchospasm is further aggravated, this treatment can lead to asthma.
Treatment of a protracted cough psychogenic
In this case, it is necessary to use mucolytic, antispasmodic drugs. It is also possible to prescribe hypnotherapy, neuroleptics, it is important to consult a therapist. Perhaps the child will have to take Clofelin additionally. In this case, you need also understanding and psychological support, do not allow stressful situations, the child should be absolutely calm.
Therefore, note the lingering cough you need to treat, because it can lead to a chronic form of respiratory disease.
The child has a protracted cough - what to do? How to cure a protracted cough in a child?
Of course, for any mother, the situation when her child is ill becomes critical. One of the unpleasant manifestations of colds is a cough. And it is often impossible to get rid of it for a long time (2-3 weeks). In this case, this symptom acquires a protracted character. And what is a cough?
Many people know that this is a protective reaction of the body that helps to rid the respiratory tract of harmful microbes, mucus, dust particles.
Of course, for parents, the question is always relevant: "What if the child has a protracted cough?". It requires detailed analysis.
If you can get rid of a cold and heat in a relatively short time, then with a cough the situation is more serious.
Unfortunately, not yet invented a medicine, which after a minute destroys all the ailments. Remember that if a child has a protracted cough, then radical methods can not deal with the problem, otherwise you can harm the baby. In any case, after a relapse, mom and dad are already acquiring minimal experience in deciding whether to help the child if he coughs.
However, parents are often concerned about this question: "The child does not have a protracted cough, despite the fact that all the medicines have been tried and managed to get rid of the common cold. How can you explain this? ".
The fact is that there can be several reasons. In this case, you should immediately consult with a specialist. He absolutely will demand to hand over analyzes - it can be a crop of a sputum or a blood sampling, and on the basis of results will write out to you the prescription.
Can not get rid of a cough - contact a doctor
Remember: if a child has a protracted cough that does not last a long time, then you can not delay with treatment. An influenza weakened by the body continues to attack the infection?
What does it mean? Only one thing: the disease moves to the lungs or bronchi.
To specifically find out which microorganism has become the source of the onset of a protracted cough, it should be mandatory to make an appointment with a doctor and take the necessary tests. Their results will help correctly diagnose the disease and prescribe the right medicine. Do not self-medicate if after two weeks your child coughs. In addition to harm, such experiments will not bring anything.
Simple philistines who are thinking about how to cure a protracted cough in a child, even not suspected of what insidious infections (eg, pneumocysts) can become a source of it appearance. Often the cause of the appearance of the protective reaction we are considering are several pathogenic organisms at once. Eventually, the disease gives a complication. That's why only a qualified specialist can help in this case, and not healers-lovers.
As already emphasized, the reasons for a protracted cough in a child are very diverse. One of the main ones is just not a pathogenic bacterium, but high sensitivity of cough receptors against a background of abundant sputum after ARI or influenza.
In infants, a protracted cough can be explained by the elementary penetration of foods into the respiratory tract. In this case, a special program is used to normalize the functioning of the latter.
Do not forget that before you cure a protracted cough in the child, and in the adult too, you should find a logical explanation for his appearance.
In a number of cases, fungal microorganisms penetrate the baby's body - they cause a protracted cough. Infants can easily get infected from their mothers with cytomegalovirus.
It should also be mentioned about such a dangerous disease as tuberculosis, which in case of complications can also provoke a prolonged cough. Foreign bodies can get into the respiratory tract - this is also a logical explanation for why the baby can not calm down for a long time. External factors, such as tobacco smoke, cat or dog hair, dust, can also cause a protracted cough. Specialists identify the causes of psychogenic nature - depression, stress, nervous tension and so on.
Methods of treatment
Today, a huge number of both children and adults with prolonged cough experience real discomfort. You want to get rid of this symptom as quickly as possible.
It should be noted that the treatment of prolonged cough in children depends on a number of factors, such as diagnosis, duration of the disease, the form of the disease (dry or wet cough) and so on.
At present, many people use non-traditional (folk) medicine to eliminate these or other diseases. To get rid of a protracted cough, they can also be used, but only as an auxiliary method of treatment. Remember that you should be diagnosed with a doctor who will recommend the optimal system of recovery, the requirements of which you must observe.
It is very important to understand that the above reflex reaction of the human body can not be minimized, since it provides protection, which subsequently leads to recovery. Experts also do not recommend combining in the treatment of antitussive and expectorant drugs.
Do not self-medicate
Without the help of a doctor, you can try to get rid of only an acute cough, other variations of this ailment is inexpedient to treat without considering the expert's opinion. Also do not forget that any aggravation of the disease can be transformed into a chronic pathology.
One of the most common ways to cure a prolonged cough are physiotherapy, inhalation, homeopathic medicines and massage.
If the ailment in question appeared during the acute period of acute respiratory infections, then you can get rid of it if you use honey in combination with warm milk or radish juice in combination with the same honey.
An effective way to normalize cough is by inhalation. Cook them only with the use of warm water.
It is necessary to emphasize that too small children are contraindicated in inhalation, since there is a high probability of spasm of the respiratory tract.
If the child has an allergic reaction to medicinal plants, then the expected result will not be given.
Excellent helps to normalize the body's protective reaction to phytospora in combination with nuts, almonds and figs. As an alternative to the previous remedy, another composition can be recommended: thyme and coltsfoot. Inhalations with honey will help in a short time to eliminate phlegm, but they can not all apply, since the risk of allergy is high. In the period of treatment, experts recommend giving the baby 2-3 times a day honey combined with honeycombs.
Prolonged coughing in a child will help to eliminate mild massage procedures. Thus the child should be in a pose a head downwards. The baby should be picked up and tilted down, the older child can take this position on his own.
After this, you need to do with a slight tapping and patting in the lungs. Thus you will be able to remove phlegm from the airway walls.
A child should drink plenty of fluids
You should know that getting rid of a long cough will be difficult if the baby's body does not have enough water. Drinking in this case is one of the effective ways to combat a non-calming cough. In this case, the liquid should be slightly warm, but in no case hot. Take care that the baby is drinking as much as possible compote. Prepare to ensure that young children can be capricious. It is possible that they will have to be forced to drink.
Watch the humidity level in the room
Check the humidity level in the room. This is an important factor on which the speed of getting rid of the ailment in question depends. Consider the fact that dry air contributes to the drying up of phlegm, and then it is more difficult to be excreted from the body. To increase the humidity, place a wet cloth on the batteries or place several containers filled with water in the room.
Experts classify cough into two types: dry and wet. The first is characterized by the fact that sputum in the respiratory tract has a viscous structure and it is difficult to dilute it. Wet cough is an ailment that is accompanied by problems with the excretion of phlegm from the body.
Treatment of dry cough
A prolonged dry cough in a child can be eliminated by diluting drugs that affect the cough center.
Doctors prescribe such drugs as Butamirat, Tusuprex, Libexin. The latter medicine, by the way, reduces the sensitivity of the mucosa in the lungs. Also, experts recommend buying a drug "Delsim". This remedy, as a rule, permanently removes dry cough. As an auxiliary means of treatment, experts advise using a combination of lemon juice and honey.
Treatment for wet cough
A prolonged wet cough in a child usually passes after a complex treatment. At the same time, drugs of mucolytic (deducing) spectrum of action are applied ("Carbocysteine "Ambroxol"), inhalations containing ammonium chloride or plant extracts, medicinal herbal remedies. And, of course, the child in the treatment of a wet cough should drink as much liquid as possible.
Prolonged cough in an adult: what to treat, the main causes and symptoms
- After ARI
How to treat a protracted cough in an adult will tell your doctor after a complete diagnostic examination and identify the causes of the onset.
The main symptoms of a protracted cough include coughing throughout the day and severe coughing attacks with the departure of viscous sputum.
Causes of occurrence:
- infectious specific inflammation (rhinosinusitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia, pleurisy);
- nonspecific inflammation (chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis);
- allergy (pollinosis, bronchial asthma, alveolitis);
- professional hazards (dust, cotton wool, asbestos, talc and others);
- smoking (smoker's bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema);
- pathology of the cardiovascular system (arrhythmia, extrasystole, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary heart);
- diseases of the digestive system (hernia of the diaphragmatic opening, tracheoesophageal fistula, gastroesophageal reflux disease);
- trauma (chemical, thermal, foreign objects of the respiratory tract and esophagus);
- neoplasms (cysts, polyps, tumors, metastases).
Types of cough are divided into dry and wet.
- up to two weeks (acute);
- from 2 to 4 weeks (prolonged);
- from 4 to 8 weeks (subacute);
- more than two months (chronic).
In order to understand how to treat a protracted cough in an adult, a diagnosis is carried out, which begins with a doctor's examination by a pediatrician or a therapist, a rhinoscopy and auscultation of the lungs.
The diagnosis is made after the first visit, not passing cough develops after colds, is the first symptom of chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract, for example, bronchitis.
A stale moist cough indicates a permanent pathological inflammation of the bronchi or lungs, is amplified in the position on the back.Sputum culture reveals the causative agent of the common cold, allows you to start taking antibiotics on time for correct treatment. If you are faced with such a disease as a protracted cough, how to help determine the doctor.
Most often, the treatment is aimed at eliminating the cause of cough, restoring the mucous membranes of the airways to prevent the occurrence of cough. Methods of medicament therapy, warming up physio procedures and folk remedies (onion, potato broths) are used. Treatment of cough in children is advisable to follow the recommendations of Dr. Komarovsky, observing the regimen of taking medications.
Prevention of cough has several directions.Prevention of seasonal cough in ARVI and respiratory infections is aimed at limiting contacts during the period epidemics, regular intake of immunoprophylactic drugs, the implementation of routine vaccination according to the calendar inoculations.
Mantoux reaction allows detecting tuberculosis infection at early stages, initiating early specific therapy, which significantly reduces the risk of exacerbations.Prevention of coughing a smoker and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a complete cessation of smoking.
With prolonged smoking of cigarettes, cigarettes or cigars in the bronchi, irreversible sclerotic processes occur that reduce the elasticity of the tissue. The harmful effects of tar and nicotine with a long smoking experience negatively affects the lung tissue, stimulates the production of viscous yellow sputum, and is also one of the leading causes of cancer lung diseases.
Why does not cough pass with an adult: general recommendations for prolonged cough and basic principles of treatmentProlonged cough requires early initiation of a specific treatment after a broad diagnostic examination to determine the exact cause of the onset.
A blood test, sputum culture, as well as instrumental and functional research methods allow differentiate allergic and infectious diseases, foreign bodies of the upper respiratory tract and esophagus.
Drug therapy includes specific antiviral or antibacterial treatment after sputum culture on the background of receiving expectorant and phlegm-diluting drugs. The expediency of therapy is determined by the degree of severity of the inflammatory process according to the results of the tests, in severe cases, in-patient treatment is required.
The question of why a person does not cough with an adult requires preventive measures aimed at:
- to give up smoking;
- general strengthening procedures;
- enhancing the immune properties of the body;
- removal of the allergen;
- frequent wet cleaning.
With allergic bronchitis or asthma, the bronchial dilating preparations in the form of inhalers help restore the airway lumen. They are used with prolonged productive cough, as well as with exacerbation of chronic respiratory diseases. Sometimes people are faced with the problem of why coughing does not take place in an adult when medicated.
In such situations, folk remedies are recommended that have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect on the acute viral or bacterial involvement of the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract, reduced sputum production and mucus.Individual herbal infusions, for example, oak bark, affect the degree of intensity of the inflammatory process, reducing the production of pro-inflammatory enzymes in the focus of infection.
Warming procedures, such as compresses, warming and inhalation, are aimed at increasing outflow sputum, clean the upper and lower respiratory tract, remove the inflammatory processes of the mucosa shell. Inhalations of active substances and essential oils have a protective effect on the bronchi, restoring the mucous and expectorant effect, sputum production.
Dry cough after ARVI: the reasons, the ways of treating dry and wet coughDry cough after ARI is a reflex muscular contraction of the respiratory muscles and muscles of the bronchial ways, which leads to a sharp forced expiration.The contraction of muscles occurs as a result of redistribution of the mucous membrane of the bronchi or trachea, vocal cords or the surface of the nasopharynx.
Coughing jerks are aimed at clearing the lumen of the airways from the accumulation of viscous sputum, foreign bodies and formations. Residual cough occurs after a common cold at normal body temperature due to the flowing mucous discharge from the nasal cavity in the back wall of the pharynx into the respiratory tract. Cough is a widespread symptom typical of both acute and chronic diseases.
Infectious diseases accompanied by cough:
- acute respiratory viral infections (rhinovirus, anovirus, influenza, parainfluenza);
- whooping cough;
- bacterial infection.
Methods for treating dry cough.With a dry cough, mucolytic drugs are shown to enhance the production of sputum, which leads to a rapid completion of the pathological process. Against the background of taking mucolytics, frequent fractional drink is required to stimulate the function of goblet cells of bronchial epithelium.
As the moist cough increases, the doctor prescribes expectorants to effectively purge the bronchi from sputum. If signs of bacterial infection appear, antibiotic medications are prescribed. Dry cough after acute respiratory viral infection develops in the early stages of acute respiratory illness or when allergic reactions such as bronchial asthma exacerbate.
Ways to treat wet cough.Muddy purulent sputum is the cause of the progression of pneumonia, leakage of purulent exudate into the lung tissue with the development of one-sided or bilateral pneumonia, lung abscesses.
- mucolytic drugs with direct action (Acetylcysteine, Alphahimotrypsin, Fluimutsil, Mukomist, Mistaborne);
- mucolytic drugs with indirect action (Letostein, Ambroxol, Carboxymethylcysteine, Sobrerol, sodium bicarbonate);
- mukokinetic drugs (Ambrobe, Halixol, Ambrosan, Flavamed, sodium ethanesulfate).
Mucolytics reduce the viscosity of phlegm without increasing the amount of secretion, stimulate withdrawal due to the restoration of mucociliary clearance. Improves the drainage of bronchi and bronchioles, is an antioxidant effect, the integrity of the cell walls is restored..