Severe dry cough

Severe dry cough in an adult without fever: causes and treatment

Frequent coughing is a common symptom of various diseases. A constant, dry cough causes a lot of discomfort to a person both during the day and at night, significantly complicating his life.

Treatment of this manifestation directly depends on the cause of its occurrence. Therapy may be symptomatic or include the taking of specific drugs (antibiotics, hormones and the like).

Causes of appearance

Dry cough is a reflex-protective reaction of the body, the main task of which is to elimination of the irritating factor from the respiratory system (mechanical, atrophic, inflammatory, chemical).

Today, medicine identifies about 53 causes, because of which a dry cough may appear.

Its unproductiveness is often determined by the stage of the disease, for example:

  1. Chronical bronchitis;
  2. the initial stage of pneumonia;
  3. chronic stenosis of the larynx;
  4. tuberculosis;
  5. the buildup of obstruction in asthma.

A painful and violent cough of an allergic and inflammatory nature appears due to such reasons as:

  • mycoplasmosis (atypical pneumonia), chlamydia;
  • ARVI, influenza, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis (cough, barking with a metallic echo);
  • Pertussis, paracottus (rarely diagnosed because of the lack of symptoms);
  • Bronchial asthma (with the discharge of thick and viscous sputum).

The causes of dry cough and temperature can be chemical or mechanical. So, it can be a change occurring in the lung tissues in fibrosis and atelectasis.

The respiratory system can be compressed by a tumor. Another dry and deaf cough occurs with an aneurysmal dilated aorta and enlarged lymph nodes.

The occurrence of temperature and cough occurs due to the action of a chemical stimulus and the inhalation of a foreign body (chemicals in the workplace, dust particles and food pieces).

Duration of acute and chronic forms

Cough can be separately acute (3 weeks), prolonged and chronic (more than 8 weeks). Acute and strong cough reflex appears in case of influenza, rhino adeno metapnevma coronovirus, parainfluenza, ARVI caused by the RS virus.

A long painful cough can be a consequence of an infectious disease (acute bronchitis). Chronic persistent cough occurs due to a number of different factors. It can be overweight, bronchial asthma (cough type), smoking, postnasal edema syndrome and chronic diseases of the respiratory system (tonsillitis, sinusitis, tracheitis).

In addition, barking cough in adults can occur if exposure to pollutants or irritants (accommodation near busy roads, low air humidity) occurs. This symptom can also develop as a result of chronic bronchitis, COPD (in smokers) or in obstrugular lung diseases and GERD.

A constant and dry cough at night or in the day can arise due to diabetes, when the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract gets dry and microcirculation is disturbed. Other factors of the appearance of temperature and cough may be hidden in the presence of hypothyroidism (the disease is accompanied by changes in the vocal cords), the use of psychotropic drugs, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics.

Day or night cough often occurs due to pathologies of the circulatory system (pericarditis, thromboembolism pulmonary arteries, heart failure, heart disease, aortic aneurysm), due to the course of neurological diseases.

In addition, a dry and frequent cough may appear if the thyroid gland is enlarged or there are diffuse pathologies of connective tissues.


Dry cough by nature can be:

  1. sharp (tracheobronchitis acute, pleurisy);
  2. frequent and small, manifested by coughing, when there is irritation of the pleura;
  3. Reflex (occurs only when irritation of reflexogenic areas outside the respiratory tract);
  4. loud, barking (trachea, larynx);
  5. "Heart arising at night with heart failure;
  6. convulsive, convulsive, accompanied by loud and frequent exhalations-tremors.
In addition, dry persistent cough can occur against the background of temperature, if in the patient's body processes occur in which connective tissue (fibrosis) proliferates. Such diseases are sarcoidosis, pneumoconiosis, tuberculosis and others.

Unproductive, nasal cough develops in the presence of pathologies of the nearbronchial zone (swelling, lymph node compression, aortic aneurysm). In addition, it can appear at night with bronchial asthma, pertussis, heart failure or sinusitis.

He also develops with asthma and COPD, if his breathing is wheezing. In addition, there is an unreasonable cough,

A persistent cough that occurs after or during a meal can be a confirmation of the presence of tracheoesophageal fistula, neurogenic disorders, hernia, diverticulum of the esophagus.

In addition, a cough can appear even if a person changes his body position (GERD, postnasal runny syndrome). At smokers it reminds of itself only in the morning and in the afternoon. This symptom also develops with bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis and gastrointestinal reflux.

To determine the cause of the cough, you need to identify the symptoms that accompany it. So, with tuberculosis, you can not avoid temperature and weight loss, malaise, and viral tracheobronchitis - chest pain. In addition, it is necessary to conduct such diagnostic activities as:

  • lab tests;
  • consultation of some doctors;
  • radiography;
  • endoscopy.

How to treat dry cough?

Treatment is always based on establishing an accurate diagnosis and eliminating the causes of the onset of the disease. However, there are general recommendations to improve the patient's condition, if there is also a temperature.

So, indoors, you should regularly moisten the air. However, do not forget about the warm and abundant drink.

To stimulate the activity of the glands and normalize the process of swallowing saliva (this will ease the cough reflex), you can dissolve the candies. A strong, paroxysmal, prolonged, unproductive cough is usually treated only with the help of combined drugs (Stoptussin), mono-medicines (Sinekod) and narcotic drugs (Codeine).

To dilute sputum, if a person suffers from bronchitis, then his treatment involves the use of mucolytic (ATSTS, Carbocysteine, Ambroxol) and expectorants (Solutan, Mukaltin). But you can not treat these medicines with small children.

To ensure that the lungs and bronchi are not clogged with phlegm, it is forbidden to take expectorant and antitussive drugs at the same time, bronchodilators. So, their reception is possible only separately.

If the disease is of a bacterial nature, then antibiotic treatment is performed. Thus, with mycoplasmal or chlamydial infection, macrolides such as Clarithromycin and Azithromycin, streptococcal or staphylococcal - cephalosporins (Ceftriaxone) or Amoxicillin based on penicillin.

To get rid of cough and temperature with bronchial obstruction, it is necessary to conduct treatment with bronchodilators (Berotek, Berodual). Asthma is treated only with special hormonal means (Pulmicort). With tuberculosis, anti-tuberculosis and bronchodilators are prescribed.

It is worth noting that many patients felt relief after taking medications, the clinical effectiveness of which was not proven. These include:

  1. Herbion (plantain syrup based on plantain);
  2. Erespal;
  3. combined drug Broncholitin, which has antitussive, bronchodilating, antiseptic effect;
  4. homeopathic remedy Stolid.

Treatment of cough with folk medicine

Disease therapy is performed only when possible reactions are excluded. So, if there is no temperature, you can do steam inhalations based on medicinal herbs.

Moreover, it is useful to apply warm compresses to the breast. The use of an althea and juice extract from a black radish will quickly remove the unpleasant symptoms of a cold. In general, folk remedies for cough are best used as an additional treatment in the complex.

Moreover, treatment with the help of folk remedies implies the use of decoctions of linden, mother-and-stepmother, sage and chamomile.

Possible complications and preventive measures

In some cases, a rare cough is not only a useful reflex, which helps cleanse the respiratory passages, but sometimes it leads to various complications. Thus, the quality of life can deteriorate, resulting in a decrease in the level of physical and mental activity.

Another consequence is the occurrence of myocardial infarction. Pathology develops with an unproductive long-term cough that occurs due to chronic inflammation in the body or the presence of a pulmonary infection.

In addition, this manifestation contributes to the emergence of psychosocial, psychological problems, hypertension, pulmonary heart formation, pulmonary emphysema and spontaneous pneumothorax. Other hernias (for example, inguinal) can also form and bleeding in the bronchial veins or conjunctiva may occur.

Moreover, epileptic seizures and fainting were recorded. Sweating, weakness, incontinence of feces and urine, increased fatigue, hoarseness of the voice, pain in the muscles and bone tissues can also occur.

Prevention implies the prevention of the appearance of the underlying disease, which accompanies the cough reflex. So, to prevent the occurrence of this symptom is important:

  • During the epidemic of catarrhal diseases, avoid places of large accumulation of people;
  • to refuse from alcohol and cigarettes;
  • observe hygienic rules;
  • maintain a stable and positive psycho-emotional state;
  • do sport;
  • to observe the correct mode of rest and work.

In winter, it is necessary to exclude the possibility of not only frostbite, but also overheating, resulting in an increase in body temperature. Therefore it is important to wear clothes that will match the season and weather conditions. In the summer, you should use air conditioners with extreme caution, in order to prevent a temperature difference of more than 6 degrees.

The video in this article will tell you what is the reason for the long cough, and most importantly, how to treat it

Causes of dry cough without fever in adults

In our time it is difficult to find an adult or a child who would not cough at least once a day. Zagazovannost large cities and megacities, harmful emissions of industrial enterprises, a lot of different infections - living in a city about clean air can only dream of.

The human respiratory system is so arranged that when penetrating into the bronchi and lungs of infectious agents, allergens, dust, etc., due to irritation of the respiratory tract receptors, a cough occurs.

With its help, the tracheobronchial tree is cleansed of external and internal irritating agents, such as pus, mucus, sputum, blood or from foreign bodies - pollen, dust, food particles. The role of the cough is to prevent mechanical obstructions and cleanse the respiratory tract from sputum or other substances.

When a person has caught a cold and contracted a viral respiratory disease - the clinical picture is clear, the person rises high fever, runny nose, cough, tear, weakness and other symptoms of intoxication, characteristic of these diseases. In these cases, the cause of dry cough is clear. And how to understand why there is a cough without temperature in an adult or a child?

Many believe that cough is caused only by respiratory diseases, however, a prolonged dry cough may be a symptom of such serious diseases like heart failure, oncological diseases of the mediastinal organs, certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sinusitis, sinusitis. The table below shows the symptoms and diagnosis of certain diseases that are characterized by a dry cough without fever or with a temperature of 37 ° C.

Cough and runny nose without fever

  • With colds

may cause catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, runny nose, cough without body temperature or 37-3,. With such types of Orvy, the throat may not bother, but a common cold, cough without fever is characteristic. If the cough does not go away within 3 weeks after the onset of SARS, you should consult a therapist.

  • Allergic reaction

on various flowering plants in an apartment or on the street, an allergy to dust is also accompanied by a dry non-productive cough, an allergy to pet hair, pet food or animal care products, a similar reaction is possible for perfumery and cosmetic products facilities.

Even in carpets and bedding there are a lot of allergens, which can be inadequate reaction of the body, which is expressed by dry cough and runny nose without temperature. Also, the massive use of various household chemicals, unsafe detergent powders with surfactants over 35% all this can affect the state of the respiratory system and manifest as a cough and runny nose without temperature.

  • Post-infection cough

after acute infectious or viral inflammation of the respiratory tract cough with perspiration, coughing, feeling tickling or agitation, can last up to 3 weeks, and just unpleasant sensations and a rare coughing is possible before, months.

Dry prolonged cough without fever

  • Stress

Stressful situations, nervous shocks, experiences can provoke a dry cough - this is called psychogenic cough, when a person worries, gets lost or embarrassed, he can cough up.

  • Also, for a long time in a room with dry, dusty air, irritation in the respiratory tract may appear.
  • Oncological diseases

If a prolonged severe dry cough without fever lasts more than a month, you should consult a therapist, pulmonologist, allergist, oncologist, phthisiatrist for the passage of a thorough diagnosis, since the diseases that cause incessant cough are very many - tuberculosis, lung cancer, bronchial cancer, trachea, throat.

  • Heart Disease

Cardiac cough should be distinguished, for example, from the cough of a smoker or a bronchial cough. Such a cough occurs after physical activity and there is no sputum, however, sometimes with acute cardiac disease, bloody discharge after a dry cough is possible. This is due to the malfunctioning of the left ventricle, when the lungs are stagnant blood and its secretion with a cough. The person besides the cough is disturbed also by palpitation, and a short wind, and pains in the field of heart and so forth.

  • Chronic diseases of ENT organs

often with chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, frontalitis, sinusitis due to the flow of mucus from the nose along the back wall of the throat, there may be a cough without temperature, it is concomitant and not associated with lower respiratory ways.

  • Tuberculosis

a prolonged dry cough, a temperature of 37-3, indicates a possible tuberculous process in the lungs or bronchi. To date, the situation of tuberculosis is very tense, even among people of high social status, the development of this formidable disease, persistent stressful situations, overfatigue, inadequate rest reduce the defenses of the body and since 90% of the population by the age of 30 is infected with a stick of Koch, provoking factors can lead to the activation of the mycobacterium in organism.

  • Thyroid gland diseases

with a nodular or diffuse increase in the thyroid gland, pressure on the trachea occurs, causing a dry cough without temperature in adults.

  • Some diseases of the digestive tract

can also cause a dry cough without fever, a reflex cough after eating in the case of an esophageal-tracheal fistula, reflux esophagitis, and esophageal diverticulum.

  • If foreign matter enters the respiratory tract.

Name of the disease Characteristics of cough and other symptoms Body temperature Diagnostics
Some types of ARVI Cough is first dry, then it becomes wet with sputum secretion The temperature may not be or may be low-grade 37-3, Examination of the therapist, pediatrician, general blood test
Chronic bronchitis, smoker's bronchitis Chronic coughing is usually deaf, especially attacks in the morning, in the cold, when inhaling gassed or smoky air. With prolonged chronic bronchitis, sputum may be purulent. With exacerbation or acute bronchitis, the temperature usually rises, especially with acute bronchitis in children, but with chronic temperature there is not or 37 with little. Radiography of the chest, examination of the therapist, a general blood test, bacterial sputum culture on the sensitivity to antibiotics in the case of purulent sputum.
Chronic frontitis, sinusitis, rhinitis For such diseases is characterized by frequent dry cough, especially at night. In acute sinusitis and frontal sinusitis, the temperature is high, but with a chronic process, a cough and a temperature of 37 or normal Examination with an otolaryngologist, an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses of the nose
Oncological diseases of the mediastinum With oncological diseases cough can be dry, debilitating Without temperature Examination at a pulmonologist, oncologist - X-ray, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, blood test, oncomarker, etc.
Tuberculosis Persistent cough with sputum or sparse phlegm, weakness, decreased appetite and performance, night sweats, chills. The temperature is normal in the morning, by evening usually low-grade 37-3, Chest x-ray, Computed tomography, tuberculin tests, phthisiatric consultation.
Professional cough Appears in people working in hazardous manufacturing plants, when in the air many different chemicals, dust, such a cough is dry, exhausting without sputum Without temperature Inspection of the therapist, pulmonologist, X-ray of the lungs to exclude other pathologies.
Allergic reactions, allergic bronchitis Cough is dry, without phlegm, in the form of perspiration, irritation, occurs after contact with the allergen - animals, dust, plant pollen, fluff, feather, wool, household chemicals, perfumes, washing powders. Without temperature Consultation of an allergist, immunologist
Heart failure, rhomboembolism of the pulmonary artery, heart defects, A dry, prolonged cough without fever occurs after physical exertion and is strengthened in the prone position, but after the adoption of the vertical position it weakens. It is accompanied by shortness of breath, palpitation, high blood pressure, sometimes there are attacks of suffocation. Without temperature First, consult a therapist, then a cardiologist.
Lungs' cancer In addition to dry coughing, people are concerned about chest pains. In the long-term process, dry cough can be accompanied by periodic sputum discharge with pus or blood. Dry cough, temperature 37-3, or it may not be Consultation of the oncologist-chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, general blood test, oncomarkers, etc.
Throat cancer Signs of throat cancer, larynx in this disease is characterized by dry cough without temperature, not amenable to treatment, as well as possible shortness of breath, as the laryngeal lumen narrows. Sputum can be with blood, also blood can be in saliva and mucus from the nose. Without temperature or 37-3, Consultation of an otolaryngologist, oncologist.
Use of certain medicines These drugs include: drugs for hypertension, ACE inhibitors, nitrofurans, beta-blockers, aspirin, amiodarone, Inhalation drugs-beclomethasone, ipratropium bromide, are able to cause a cough without temperature, chronic unproductive. Without temperature Tell the cardiologist about the drugs that you take and that they cause a cough.
Pneumonia in the elderly It is very rare, but there are cases when pneumonia occurs without a temperature or with a slight unobtrusive increase, usually it is typical for the elderly, while, in addition to coughing, chest pains, weakness, loss appetite. Pneumonia sometimes occurs without high fever with a strong cough, especially in weakened and elderly people. Address to the therapist, chest X-ray, a general blood test.

If a person is worried that he has a severe dry cough without fever and other symptoms of colds, he suffers from attacks of dry cough for a long time, do not delay the visit to therapist.

  • First of all, one should be alerted and analyze when most often there are coughing attacks - if this is related to the quality of the inhaled air, the presence of new furniture, fresh repair in the apartment or the appearance of an animal, woolen or fur clothing, other clothes of poor quality - it is most likely a defensive reaction of the broncho-pulmonary system to toxic substances in dyes, plastics, particle boards, mattresses, carpets, etc. household items or an allergic reaction to wool, fur, fluff, feather, etc.
  • If the cough is only at a certain time - only in the morning, most likely it is chronic bronchitis. If on the contrary, only at night or in a horizontal position - a heart cough, cough with diseases of ENT organs. If during a meal - it can be a cancer of the throat, larynx, gastrointestinal tract.
  • Pay attention to the color, amount and consistency of sputum, this must be reported to the doctor, what color is it, whether there are impurities of blood, pus (yellow-green).

Why does not a dry cough go away? Causes of dry cough in children and adults

Coughing is a reflex, just like breathing itself. And his appearance indicates that there was some kind of pathogen - allergic, infectious, viral, that is, the cause of dry cough, serious or not, which causes irritation in the respiratory tract and causes the body to clear them of the - allergen, infection, virus or foreign body.

Cough itself is not a disease, it is a symptom of over 50 different diseases or allergic manifestations, from common cold to tuberculosis, oncology, bronchial asthma or heart disease. Most often, a dry cough lasts for several days, moving into productive, moist with sputum, but can sometimes be prolonged. The duration of dry cough is divided into:

  • Acute - which after a few days passes into the wet or passes
  • Prolonged - which lasts from 3 weeks to 3 months
  • Chronic - which lasts more than 3 months.

Let's see why the dry cough does not last a long time, which diseases are the cause of dry cough.

The main causes of dry cough associated with the respiratory system

The most common causes of dry cough are inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which are caused by viruses and pathogenic bacteria.

In this case, a strong organism with a strong immune system cope on its own, and if the immune response the virus or infection is weakened, then antibiotics or antiviral drugs come in for ARVI and influenza.

When parainfluenza and the flu should always consult a doctor, as these are very insidious diseases, which recently become very aggressive, leading to a mass of complications. How to distinguish the flu from ARVI read in our article.

If during the acute respiratory viral infection, flu or other infectious disease, a dry cough does not last for a long time, it can be caused by:

  • firstly because the immune system in a person is significantly weakened
  • Secondly, that there are provoking factors that affect the duration of dry cough, they include: smoking and drinking alcohol, very dry air in the room and taking in insufficient amounts of fluids for cold or viral disease.
  • thirdly, the attachment of a secondary infection or complication after a viral disease, when bacterial bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, pharyngitis develops, etc.

Diseases of the pleura and lungs can also be accompanied by a dry, painful cough - pneumonia, pleurisy. Most often there is a high fever, shortness of breath, chest pain.

Atypical forms of pneumonia

It should also be borne in mind that a prolonged cough can be a consequence of mycoplasma and chlamydia, these pathogens microorganisms can cause atypical pneumonia, bronchitis, which can occur for a long time, periodically recur. To differentiate the pathogen that caused pneumonia or bronchitis, you can take a blood test using ELISA.

Pertussis, measles, false croup

Pertussis can cause dry cough in children, and in adults. Pertussis is considered to be a childhood infectious disease, although vaccinations have reduced cases of whooping cough among children, but they occur, in addition, weakened adults also sometimes recorded cases of whooping cough. With this disease, a convulsive cough is so severe that it often leads to vomiting. In this case, you should take antitussive remedies for dry cough, such as Sinekod, Libeksin, Bronholitin, and others.

In addition to pertussis, among childhood diseases characterized by a strong dry cough, measles and false groats can be identified. Measles, other than cough, is also characterized by rashes on the skin and mucous membranes (see Fig. symptoms of measles in children). With false croup, the vocal cords, larynx, trachea and bronchi are involved in the inflammation process, so it is characterized by a barking cough. This disease is more likely to affect children under 3 years old.


Tuberculosis is a formidable disease that has also been epidemic in recent years, not only among low-income as it is commonly believed, but also among the wealthy strata of the population, with the development of favorable factors for its progression. Constant nervous tension, stressful situations, lack of adequate nutrition and good rest, fascination various depleting diets, can lead to the development of tuberculosis even among businessmen and high social status.

By 20-30 years it is believed that each person is infected with a stick of Koch, but a strong immune system copes with it. It is only necessary to weaken the body and mycobacterium tuberculosis can become more active and cause pulmonary tuberculosis and extrapulmonary forms.

As for the dry cough, it can be caused by tuberculosis of the lungs, bronchi or trachea, larynx. It begins with a dry, unproductive cough, obtrusive coughing, weakness, while body temperature rarely is more than 3, -3, most often it rises to low-grade figures and only in the evening.

Tuberculosis can be the cause of dry cough in adults, as well as in children, which is especially dangerous, as tuberculosis today is not the tuberculosis that was 40 years ago. Now a large number of drug-resistant forms of this terrible disease are registered, which require a longer and expensive treatment, and in combination with other chronic illnesses in the patient or HIV infection lead to lethal outcome.

Laryngitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis

are also frequent causes of dry cough. With pharyngitis, the mucous pharynx is involved in the inflammatory process, and with laryngitis, the mucous larynx is involved. Both these diseases are both acute and chronic, cough while it is dry, barking, exhausting, intensifying at night. With frequent inhalation of dusty air, dry, cold, and also in the presence of irritating gases and vapors in the air, tracheitis can develop - both acute and chronic. There is also a painful dry cough.

Diseases of ENT organs

Against the backdrop of various diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, sinusitis, or chronic rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, the appearance of night dry cough is due to the syndrome of postnasal swelling. When these diseases acquire a chronic course, not infrequently, the mucus that is separated from the nasal sinuses begins to flow down the back wall of the pharynx, it irritates the cough receptors in the tracheobronchial tree. This cough may seem productive and moist, since nasal mucus is released during cough, but this cough should be considered dry.

Oncological diseases of respiratory organs

Cancer of the bronchi, lungs, trachea, throat cancer, and mediastinal organs (organs located between the sternum and the spine - the heart, bronchi, aorta, etc.). If the dry cough does not persist for a long time, it worries both day and night, as soon as possible, turn to doctor, blood test, X-ray of lungs, according to indications, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, oncolikers. With any chronic cough it is necessary to find out the exact cause of its appearance, for today the oncological tension is getting stronger, cancer appears even in young people, and everyone knows that the timely detection of cancer increases the chances of recovery or significant prolongation of life.

Only on the basis of the examination the doctor can not establish the cause of a protracted cough - this is not possible, therefore it is necessary to pass the tests and pass several examinations according to the indications - blood test, sputum, spirography, spirometry, X-ray, bronchoscopy, bodipletizmography, tussography, MRI, CT.

Causes of dry cough, not associated with inflammatory processes of the respiratory system

Allergic cough

In recent decades, the number of people suffering from various allergic reactions has increased significantly among the Russian population, especially in children. Almost all children today have any allergic reactions, if not food allergy, so allergy to dust, wool, pollen, ticks, etc. Pollinosis - a seasonal allergy to the pollen of flowering plants, which appears in spring and summer, has a hay fever very a large number of people, it is manifested by sneezing, runny nose, tearing, itching mucous and dry allergic cough.

Bronchial asthma

a very common disease, characterized by a chronic, painful dry cough and attacks of suffocation. This disease can not be considered only a disease of the bronchi, it is a serious pathology, which is associated with a general violation of immunity, nervous system and allergy.

The impact of toxic substances in everyday life

household chemicals containing chlorine, washing powders, etc., the presence of cities in the air, megacities of the abundance of exhaust gases, leads to the emergence of an allergic dry cough. Also pay attention to when you started a dry cough, it may be somehow connected with the purchase of new furniture, new repairs, purchase of household appliances. Modern industry, especially the production of plastic, furniture, building materials, even children's toys, often uses abundance toxic chemicals that can irritate mucous nasopharynx, bronchi, causing chronic chemical poisoning. If there are a lot of such products in the room, they are new and exude a smell - this can be the cause of a dry cough.

Glistular invasion

Occasionally, cases of ascariasis are recorded, during which, during the migration of the ascarid larvae along a small circle of circulation, they linger in the lung tissue, causing a superficial dry cough. Getting into the lungs, the trachea and the bronchi, they cause irritation of the cough receptors, the migration phase with ascariasis is 8-14 days (see Fig. ascarids-symptoms and treatment).

Professional dry cough

The reason for its appearance may be related to work in harmful production, where in the air a mass of suspensions of toxic substances that cause dry cough in the workers is formed. Workers of the stone-working and coal-mining industry often develop silicosis of the lungs. Also among occupational diseases that cause dry cough is the disease of American farmers or fibrosing alveolitis, where dry cough is only a debut of pathology, the outcome of which is a severe respiratory failure.

Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract provoke a dry reflex cough without temperature, it happens after eating with diverticula of the esophagus, esophagus-tracheal fistula, reflux-esophagitis.

Acceptance of certain medicines

as a rule, ACE inhibitors, which are used to lower blood pressure and treat other cardiovascular diseases. In 20% of patients, these medicines cause a dry cough, if after discontinuation of the drug it disappears, therefore, this cough was a side effect of the drug taken.

Cardiovascular diseases, heart failure may also be the cause of dry cough

The cause of allergies, a provoker of allergic reactions can be established with the help of tests, which will be directed by an allergist. It is worth taking seriously any manifestations of allergy, as it is not just a dry cough, runny nose or a rash, with a strong an allergic reaction can occur anaphylactic shock, Quincke's edema, which without timely medical care can be deadly.

Why there is a night cough in an adult: the main reasons

Cough itself is not a disease. It's just a symptom. His appearance can say that the body is fighting infection. It happens both during the day and at night. Sometimes a person during the day feels fine, and at night can not fall asleep because of severe attacks of coughing. It can provoke the beginning catarrhal diseases, and the person in a horizontal position can not completely clear his throat. At night, all processes slow down. Slime does not resolve, but accumulates and this causes buhikanie.

Destination in case of disease

It performs the protective function of the body, which appears as a result of a disease or the presence of a foreign body inside the person's airways. It manifests itself in the form of jerky exhalations, which contribute to the removal of infection or sputum. Buhykanie helps the bronchi to clear and protects the patient from suffocation.Sudden occurrence of a cough may indicate the ingress of an alien body into the body, and if it does not go out by itself, you should immediately consult a doctor.Prolonged seizures, lasting for two weeks, mean that the cough passes into acute form, and if there is a protracted option - more than two months, it means that he moved to chronic.

A night cough that does not recur during the day can indicate serious illness. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the diagnosis accurately, and according to it to conduct treatment. It may be that it is caused by an allergic reaction to bedding. For example, down in the pillow. And then when it is replaced, there will be a night phenomenon.

Cough begins when mucous respiratory organs are irritated. After removing the cause of their occurrence, there will be a buzzing. And in order to understand which of them caused it, we must first determine the type of cough. It can be unproductive and damp.

Why does a dry cough appear at night?

This kind of buxing itself is fraught with danger. At night, attacks of an unproductive cough can lead to apnea. And the process of coughing brings unpleasant sensations, accompanied by nausea, shortness of breath, and sometimes suffocating.

The reason for this can be:

  • obstructive bronchitis (here symptoms and treatment of obstructive bronchitis in adults are described);

    In the picture - lungs with obstructive bronchitis

  • defeat pleura in tuberculosis;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • heart failure;
  • problems in the field of gastroenterology;
  • pneumonia;
  • respiratory chlamydia and mycoplasmosis;
  • whooping cough;
  • allergy.

Negative effects on the body of the latter can lead to a fit of coughing with suffocation, which is due to a lack of oxygen and often results in a loss of consciousness. This often occurs in people with asthma. Her pathogens can be all around: dust, fluff, plant pollen or insect bites.

Night cough with cardiac dysfunction is accompanied by shortness of breath, as well as an accelerated heartbeat. If it is associated with a malfunction in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, then his attacks will be caused by irritation nerve endings of the esophagus and airway membranes, in which there may be acid content stomach.

Also, the appearance of a cough may be affected by overdried air in a room where a person sleeps. Then you need to buy a special humidifier, so that it does not happen again.

If the cause is cardiovascular disease, then they can be accompanied by shortness of breath, with the nasolabial triangle becoming bluish.

The appearance of a night cough can also cause the localization of malignant neoplasms or pulmonary tuberculosis. Because of the ingress of foreign bodies in the form of coarsely dispersed dust or grains, which were deposited in the throat and began to affect its mucous membranes. It can be caused by aortic dilatation or enlarged lymph nodes.

The nature of dry buhikany can prompt the cause of the disease. So, if you cough:

  • loud and similar to barking a dogTrachea or larynx;
  • frequent coughsIrritation of the pleura;
  • whooping coughwith a noise and the urge to vomit - whooping cough;
  • sharp boutsPleurisy or acute tracheobronchitis;
  • bitonal buzzing- inflammation of the lymph nodes (often occurs in smokers);
  • reflex attacks outside the respiratory system- Disease of the ears;
  • stubborn coughspeaks about the problems in the lungs (pneumoconiosis, tuberculosis, collagenosis and sarcoidosis);
  • whistlingoccurs with bronchial asthma;
  • stiffindicates a pathology in the region of the bronchi.

For the correct diagnosis of a cough, it is necessary to take into account the accompanying symptoms and the environment of the patient.

Find out if laryngitis is transmitted by airborne droplets.

What does dry cough mean in the morning?

Possible treatment of green sputum when coughing:

Causes of a damp cough in the middle of the night

With acute inflammation of the throat, there is a buildup of mucus and a person begins to reflexively get rid of it. This is causing a productive cough. It often appears as a continuation of the dry kind, and lasts much longer than the previous one. With a protracted phenomenon can go into a chronic form.

It can cause the following diseases:

  • focal pneumonia;
  • breakthrough abscess in the lung;
  • viral diseases;
  • tuberculosis;
  • stress;
  • ARVI;
  • rhinitis (here you can read about the treatment of chronic rhinitis at home);
  • pleuropneumonia;
  • breakthrough of the hepatic abscess;
  • genyantritis (the reference describes drops in the nose with sinusitis and sinusitis);
  • trachea or heart swelling;
  • Gastrointestinal diseases;
  • oncological diseases of the respiratory system;
  • sinusitis (read what antibiotics to drink with sinusitis).

The video tells about the causes of a night cough in an adult:

Depending on the type of sputum, you can determine which disease caused it.

So, if it is scant and viscous, then the cause is bronchitis, asthma or tracheitis.

Slime, accompanied by fetid odor, appears as a result of breakthrough of lung abscess. Her color can also tell you about the alleged disease. So, the yellow-orange color of mucus may indicate pleuropneumonia. And if it shows blood splittings and along with a cough there is chills and fever, then this indicates the course of tuberculosis or the presence of oncological pathology. In viral diseases, dizziness, vomiting and high fever can occur simultaneously with a wet cough. By reference, you can read more about the causes, if you cough up yellow sputum.

If a cough with mucus secretion is the only symptom that is not accompanied by anything, it indicates an inflammatory process in the lungs or the course of tuberculosis.

The acute form often appears on the background of acute respiratory disease. Prolonged may indicate pertussis, rhinitis, or sinusitis. A prolonged wet cough at night should be treated only as prescribed by the doctor, this is not the case when it can be delayed with his treatment.

Even knowing the cause of its occurrence, you do not need to put a definitive diagnosis yourself. It is better to provide doctors who, after observing the diagnostic algorithm: examinations, examinations, X-rays and endoscopic examinations will be able to prescribe the necessary treatment. If it is done on time, the consequences in the form of complications will be bypassed. Here you can read about the causes of a child's night cough.

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