Drugs for cold and flu: a list of the best means of rapid action
Every year during the seasonal temperature fluctuations people suffer from many unpleasant symptoms caused by a cold.
In pharmacy chains, the assortment of antiviral drugs simply overshoots its diversity.
Medicines differ not only in price, but also in the principle of action, the form of release, the composition.
Naturally, you do not need to prescribe drugs for yourself against colds, but to get a little guidance in such means, you should familiarize yourself with the proposed article. A list of cold medicines will help you understand the characteristics of each drug.
Arbidol, Teraflu, Anaferon
Arbidol - a pill against viruses, covered with a film membrane. Their main active component is umifenovir, auxiliary: potato starch, microcrystalline cellulose. The agent is shown when:
- acute respiratory disease (ARI);
- severe respiratory syndrome;
- influenza type B, A,
Tablets for catarrhal diseases and flu are high-speed. They will help improve the patient's condition the very next day after the start of the course of treatment.
Arbidol has no contraindications. The only caveat when using it: can not be used for children under 3 years old. Babies under the age of 12 are given 1 tablet per day, and 2 tablets for adults and children over 12 years of age.
For healthy patients, this remedy for colds is not prescribed.
It must be diluted with hot boiled water. The main active ingredient is paracetamol. The auxiliary substances were phenyramine maleate, phenylephrine hydrochloride.
It is a remedy for a new generation of colds. It can relieve the ailment and the common cold in just a day, but on condition that the doctor's orders and bed rest are strictly observed. Teraflu is characterized by the action:
Powder is forbidden to be taken together with beta-blockers and antidepressants. Do not prescribe Teraflu patients with diabetes mellitus, pregnant women, lactating women, people suffering from alcoholism, children under 12 years of age.
The medicine is fast, but it's best to apply it carefully. This is relevant if the patient suffers from arterial hypertension, severe impairment of kidneys, liver.
AnaferonTablets for colds and flu contain antibodies that activate the functioning of human immunity. The drug is recommended for treatment of children aged 12 years and adults. For babies is a special tool Anaferon child. It can be used from 1 year of life.
You should know that this medicine is not only against viruses, but also to strengthen the immune system during seasonal air temperature fluctuations. It well helps to treat herpesvirus infection in mild form.
Cure for colds Anaferon:
- acts quickly;
- has no contraindications;
- does not cause adverse reactions.
From the drug should be discarded only with the individual intolerance of any of its components. In very rare cases, a skin rash is possible.
Kagocel, Coldrex, Antigrippin
Kagocel is the best quick-acting remedy for colds. Not suitable for children under 3 years, pregnant women and during lactation. Do not take pills with individual intolerance.
Preparations of such a plan are well used for getting rid of a cold, herpes, flu, acute viral infection. Kagocel is also suitable for the prevention of these ailments.
In order not to fall ill during the autumn period, it is enough to take 1 tablet every day for a week. If the common cold has already begun, it should be taken 2 times a day in the first few days. Children are given 1 tablet each.
Provided that the patient clearly follows the prescriptions of the doctor and strictly adheres to the instructions for use, the possibility of developing adverse reactions of the body is negligible. When a patient notes the development of an allergy, you need to stop taking the medication and consult a doctor to replace it.
This remedy for cold is presented in the form of a powder. It should be boiled and drunk hot. The drug Coldrex is characterized by a powerful antiviral effect and helps to cope with signs of ARVI. The list of symptoms, except for the common cold, included:
- nasal congestion;
- increased body temperature;
- aches in the joints;
- uncomfortable sensations in the throat.
Adult remedy for cold and flu in the first days of illness should be taken 1 packet every 4 hours. Once the symptoms stop, the powder is not necessary. The maximum course of therapy should not be more than 5 days in a row.
If there was an overdose, the patient risks getting a serious liver damage. In addition, long-term use of the drug increases the chance of developing side effects, for example, disturbances of a night dream, rising of a level of arterial pressure, attacks of a nausea, head pain.
It is necessary to refrain from treatment with Koldreksom without prior consultation of the attending physician.
Another preparation against viruses is Antigrippin. It is believed that the medicine is the best and helps from the common cold, colds quickly and effectively. The drug is in the form of a pill, like many similar drugs. Assign it to patients from 15 years.
To help with bacterial infection this medicine can not. Take it should be 1 piece 2-3 times a day to improve the patient's well-being.
Antigrippin should not be taken to children with increased sensitivity to vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and paracetamol. Also he is banned for such violations:
- renal failure;
- hyperplasia of the prostate.
Contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. With special care is assigned to patients with viral hepatitis, alcohol dependence, the elderly.
Fervex, Amiksin, IngavirinThere are drugs that instantly help with colds. To such it is customary to include the Fervex powder. No less effective it will be with the disease of rhinopharyngitis.
Powder can be taken in conjunction with other medicines against the flu. If the phase of the disease is acute, a dose of 1 packet is recommended three times a day. During therapy, the interval between use should be at least 4 hours.
The drug should not be taken to sick people suffering from kidney failure, excessive sensitivity to its individual components. During pregnancy, he is only allowed from the second trimester.
As for the period of lactation, some components of the remedy can penetrate into breast milk. For this reason, it is better to refuse from Fervex at this time.
It is forbidden to combine medicine for cold with alcohol-containing products. This can provoke severe liver damage. Sometimes patients complain of the development of adverse reactions:
- pain syndrome in the abdominal cavity;
Very rarely allergic reactions can begin, for example, skin itching, rashes.
This antiviral agent has an immunomodulatory effect. Produced in the form of tablets, the main active ingredient is tilaxine. Auxiliary components of croscarmellose sodium, calcium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose.
Tablets are perfectly combined with other drugs against viruses, influenza. During seasonal temperature fluctuations can be used to prevent ARVI (in adults and children).
Adult patients with flu and cold should take 1 tablet once a day for 3 days. For prophylaxis take 1 piece. The drug can not be administered to patients with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug, during pregnancy, lactation.
IngavirinMedicines for colds and flu under this name are made in the form of capsules. Ingavirin helps quickly and efficiently. Heat, headache, uncomfortable sensations in the throat, aches in the body are already a day after taking the remedy.
It is not recommended for patients younger than 18 years of age. The main active ingredient is vitaglutam, auxiliary ones are potato starch, magnesium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide.
Capsules are prescribed to drink 1 time per day, regardless of food. Usually the general course of treatment does not exceed 5-7 days. Begin therapy immediately after the onset of the first symptoms of the disease, for example, the common cold. When treatment is delayed, the remedy, like the rest of the drugs, begins to work with less efficiency.
So, if the first capsule was drunk a few days after the onset of the illness, the result can not come quickly.
Viferon, Anvimax, Grippferon
Many of the above cold remedies and cold medications are not always allowed for future and young nursing mothers, children. Therefore, the treatment of colds, runny nose, SARS in these patients can not do without the drug Viferon.Candles, perhaps, are the fastest means of treating viral diseases. They have no contraindications except the first trimester of pregnancy. Such an effective medicine during flu and cold helps to get rid of the symptoms.
Viferon is better than tablets and other drugs coping with ARI. Adult patients are prescribed 1 suppository three times a day. Children from the year the dosage is reduced to 1 candle a day. And it should be noted that this is an extremely effective treatment for Orvi and influenza in the home
Side effects of those who used drugs for cold and flu in candles are usually absent. Allergic skin rash and itching occurs only in very extreme cases. If this happens, the treatment is canceled and other drugs used against the common cold and viruses. The list of allowed funds is very extensive.
Remedy for cold and flu Anemax is presented in the form of a powder. It is necessary for symptomatic therapy, it can not affect the underlying cause of the disease. The structure includes:
- ascorbic acid;
Patients with excessive sensitivity to these components should use these drugs against the common cold and other cold symptoms with extreme caution. Powder is the best remedy among the rest. Anvimax is a quick-acting drug that removes body temperature, headaches, aches and pain in the throat. If applied correctly, the medicine helps to overcome the disease in a short time.Powder can not be administered to patients younger than 18 years of age, people with kidney failure, sarcoidosis, chronic alcohol dependence, hypercalcemia, phenylketonuria.
Like many other cold medicines, Animax can not be a remedy for pregnant and lactating women.
Take the powder strictly according to the instructions. During an exacerbation of a symptomatology it is necessary to drink on 1 package from 2 to 3 times a day. On average, the course should not be longer than 5 days in a row.
Grippferon is a good medication based on interferon, which helps fight viruses. It is also characterized by immunomodulating effect on the body.
The medication is allowed for the treatment of pregnant women and children under one year. The only contraindication is intolerance of individual components. The course of treatment is 5-7 days.
Named tablets and other drugs - this is not a complete list of effective drugs. Funds from the flu should be selected individually. However, even in this case, it is impossible to avoid the development of adverse reactions. Therefore, the treatment process should be under the supervision of a doctor, as detailed in the video in this article.
New drugs for influenza and colds
When a person has caught a cold and got an infection, he will certainly think about which of the modern drugs will help, what to take with the flu? Scientists are developing all new tools, because viruses mutate every year, and to combat them, more effective formulas are needed. Drug from the flu and colds of the new generation - what are its features? Find out what different these drugs are and on what depends the effectiveness of means to combat various diseases.
Modern means for influenza and colds
Today pharmacology does offer a wide range of new medicines. Their advantages are obvious: they have a wide spectrum of action, they have fewer side effects, they are convenient use the patient at home or in general you can get yourself vaccinated so as not to get sick during the period epidemic of acute respiratory infections. When choosing drugs, do not forget that not all advertised drugs are effective.
The price of medicines, the packaging of which regularly flashes in the TV, includes the cost of these commercials. If you compare the instructions, almost for all imported non-expensive drugs, there are inexpensive domestic counterparts. So, "Koldreks" (price 150-240 rubles) and "Ferveks" (315-590 rubles) in the composition contain paracetamol. Tablets "Paracetamol" can be bought in a pharmacy for 3-5 rubles, and most doctors even consider them to be the safest drug in ARI during pregnancy and lactation.
Effective cures for colds
Modern pharmaceutical industry produces funds for colds, working in two directions and complementing each other. One group of drugs is helping to cope with the manifestations of ailment: a runny nose, a cough, a headache, a fever, a sore throat. Another segment of drugs exhibits immunomodulating and antibacterial action.
See examples of drugs that are used for colds:
Group of medicines
Examples of drugs
Eliminate the cause
Tablets "Acyclovir "Amantadine".
Antibiotics (used in extreme cases, when the body itself does not cope with disease-causing bacteria).
Tablets and powders for injections "Ampicilin "Levofloxacin".
Vitamin complexes, preparations based on medicinal herbs.
Antipyretics, ease the ache in the body.
Tablets "Coldrex "Paracetamol "Rinza powder in bags "Teraflu effervescent tablets "Solpadein".
Preparations for cough relief.
Syrups "ACTS "Ambroxol "Alteika".
Vasoconstrictive for the nose from the common cold.
"Oksimetazolin "Polidexa with phenylephrine".
To soften the throat.
Sprays "Cameton "Orasept Ingalipt Chlorophyllitis ".
When choosing children's antibacterial drugs, it is important to follow the doctor's recommendations, not to engage in self-medication. You can help:
- antibiotics "Amoxiclav "Zinnat" "Supraks
- for removing heat - syrup "Panadol tablets "Paracetamol
- from the common cold - spray "Otrivin drops "Nazivin
- as prevention - vitamin complexes "Alphabet "Pikovit".
Modern preparations for influenza
What is the similarity and difference between drugs for influenza and colds of a new generation? With both ailments, drugs are taken that relieve the symptoms of diseases. When the flu is not prescribed antibiotics, because they are effective only to combat bacteria - causative agents of the common cold, and the strains of the virus do not work. Consider the pharmacological groups of modern antiviral drugs against influenza, depending on their mode of action.
Such antiviral drugs against influenza act in a directed manner, preventing the multiplication of viruses. These include:
- "Oseltamivir" - the active substance of oseltamivir phosphate inhibits (inhibits) neuraminidase - the key an enzyme involved in the replication (reproduction) of influenza viruses, and violates their ability to penetrate cells.
- "Remantadine" - the active substance remantadine hydrochloride is effective against influenza viruses A2 and B.
- "Arbidol" - part of the capsules of Umiferon has an immunostimulating effect.
Antiviral preparations of immunotropic action are interferons or their inducers (pathogens), which help the body's natural defense system to fight the disease, destroying the virus at an early stage reproduction. They are effective in the first two days after the onset of flu symptoms. Read the names and brief descriptions of these drugs:
Effect from application
Tocopherol, ascorbic acid
Stimulates the immune system, fights the virus.
Extract of the leaves of buckthorn sea-buckthorn
Antiviral action, induces the production of interferon in the blood cells.
Inductor of human interferon, suppresses the synthesis of proteins of viruses.
Prevents the penetration of the virus into the cell and the synthesis of virus proteins.
Suppresses reproduction of the influenza virus, anti-inflammatory effect.
A powerful immunomodulator, an effective antiviral drug, stimulates macrophages. Increases the resistance of the body to the penetration of viruses, and when it enters the cell it blocks their reproduction. The mechanism of action is not directed against a particular type of virus, because this drug is universal.
Meglumine acridone acetate
A strong immunomodulator, an antiviral effect, is effective against influenza and herpes.
These anti-influenza drugs act on the mechanism of the disease, helping to fight the infection and preventing the development of complications. These include:
Group of medicines
Examples of drugs
Antioxidants and vitamin-containing preparations
Provide prophylactic, antioxidant, angioprotective (kapilyarazashchayuschee) and immunity-strengthening action.
Vitamins C and P (rutin)
Vitamins-antioxidants A and E
Help to remove allergic reactions to medicines, have a quick soothing, antiemetic effect.
Histamine receptor blockers
These powders, drops, sprays, tablets from influenza are high-speed drugs against the symptoms of viral intoxication:
Group of medicines
Examples of drugs
Contribute to the removal of mucus, the regeneration of the bronchial mucosa.
Removes inflammation of the mucosa of the respiratory tract.
On a plant basis
To treat a cold
Reduces the amount of secretion, swelling of the mucosa.
Vasoconstrictive anticonvulsant substance.
Video about the right choice of a medicine for a flu
Albina, 26 years old: I have been a child with a cold, when the fever rises, my head hurts, I take 3-4 days "Paracetamol". At one time I was led to an advertisement, I drank soluble "Coldrex "Rinzu". After I read at one forum what kind of active ingredient is being sold at a fabulous price, I returned to a proven penny.
Zoya, 32 years old: Before pregnancy, I often had a cold on my lips, and I was afraid that herpes would not manifest itself during the carrying of the child. The doctor attributed to me the anti-herpes "Hyporamin". I immediately liked that it was plant-based. She drank two months, the pills really helped.
Tatyana, 47 years: My child was assigned "Interferon". I read the instructions to the ampoules, I was confused that it is actually produced from the blood of donors, and also - a list of its side effects. She drank the medicine and dripped her son in the nose according to the instructions. I did not notice the special result, I will not use it anymore.
Antiviral drugs for colds
Antiviral drugs for colds - the main tool in the fight against this category of ailments.
As is known, during the period of activation of catarrhal diseases it is better to be engaged in their prevention, and not to bring them to conditions when treatment is already needed. Activating immunity in the cold season is the most effective measure to protect yourself against colds. Then the disease will not develop or, at least, the situation will not take on a serious form.
If the disease has a viral nature - acute respiratory viral disease (ARVI) - then there can not be no treatment without treatment. And it is best in this case to cope with the problem of antiviral drugs. The essence of their action is in the impact on the virus itself, which is an etiological factor.
Antiviral drugs are used to treat ARVI and influenza. These drugs affect the replication of the virus in such a way as to stop its reproduction. Antiviral drugs are synthetic or natural. They are used both in the fight against the disease, and for its prevention. Different stages of the common cold can be exposed to antiviral drugs. To date, modern science knows about five hundred pathogens of different kinds of colds. Antiviral drugs to fight them quite a bit.
In general, viral diseases are treated with three types of drugs:
- drugs for a wide spectrum of influenza;
- drugs for the treatment of herpes infections.
- means for controlling cytomegalovirus.
In the case of severe disease, antiviral drugs are taken, with the use of interferons is easy. Within a day and a half after the appearance of the first symptoms, it is urgent to begin taking an antiviral drug. If we allow the multiplication of the virus to such a scale that it will occupy the entire body, then it can be brought to the conclusion that taking medications will not have any effect.
Effects of antiviral drugs for colds
With the help of antiviral drugs, the causes of the onset and development of acute respiratory disease are eliminated. The results of this action are:
- reduction of risks of exacerbations of chronic diseases (chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, etc.);
- shortening the course of the cold for several days, alleviating its symptoms;
- a reduction in the risk that severe complications will appear after acute respiratory illness.
Antiviral drugs for colds are also used as an emergency prophylaxis in the event that one of the family members becomes ill and needs to reduce the risk of infection of healthy people.
Antiviral tablets for colds
In a class where there are synthetic antiviral drugs that cope well with the influenza virus, there are two groups of effective remedies. The essence of the action of M-channel blockers in the blocking of the virus so that it can not penetrate into cells and multiply. One of the tested preparations against viruses of this category is Amantadine (Midantan), and also Rimantadine (Remantadin). For the desired effect, they should be taken as soon as the disease begins to manifest itself. Another of their drawbacks is that it is not always possible to understand what kind of virus a person has become. And these antiviral drugs are shown in the epidemic from the influenza A virus. In addition, avian and swine flu are resistant to them. It is important to remember that taking an antiviral drug for a cold should be done not only by the sick person himself, but by all members of his family.
Effective antiviral agent for colds
But neuraminidase inhibitors act on influenza A and B viruses. The essence of their action in suppressing the enzyme, which is responsible for the multiplication of the virus. Representatives of this group of drugs are "Oseltamivir" ("Tamiflu") and "Zanamivir" (Relenza). You can start taking them within two days from the initial manifestations of the disease.
List of antiviral drugs for colds
Antiviral drug for cold "Zanamivir"
"Zanamivir" is prescribed for influenza in adults and children over 5 years of age for 5 mg of inhalation twice a day for 5 days. The total daily dose reaches 10 mg. The drug is not combined with other inhaled medications (including bronchodilators), because of that exacerbations are possible in patients with bronchial asthma and other nonspecific diseases lungs. In a number of people without pulmonary pathology, there may be signs of nasopharyngeal irritation, reaching in rare cases before the appearance of bronchospasm.
Antiviral drug for cold "Oseltamivir"
For influenza for adults and children over 12 years, the recommended dose of "Oseltamivir" is 75 mg 2 times a day for at least 5 days. "Oseltamivir" is prescribed for children older than 1 year - with a body weight of less than 15 kg of 30 mg, 15 to 23 kg of 45 mg, 23 to 40 kg of 60 mg, more than 40 kg - 75 mg twice daily for five days.
The drug is administered with caution in renal failure, it can cause nausea and vomiting during admission.
Antiviral drugs for a cold of a wider spectrum of action - "Ribavirin" ("Ribarin") and "Inosin Pranobeks" ("Grosprinozin").
Antiviral drug for cold "Ribavirin"
"Ribavirin" acts on influenza A and B-viruses, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, coronaviruses, rhinoviruses. The specificity of the drug is its high toxicity, therefore it is used only if a respiratory syncytial infection is confirmed that often leads to bronchiolitis in children.
"Ribavirin" is used to treat influenza in adults over 18 years (200 mg 3-4 times a day in meal time for 5-7 days) in the absence of pregnancy, kidney failure and hemolytic anemia.
Antiviral drug for cold "Inosin pranobeks"
"Inosin pranobeks" fights against viruses of influenza, parainfluenza, rhinoviruses, adenoviruses. This antiviral drug for cold stimulates the defenses of the human body. To treat influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections it is recommended to take: adults 2 tablets 3-4 once a day at regular intervals for 5-7 days; children a daily dose of 50 mg per kilogram of weight body.
The daily dose should be taken at 3-4 times at regular intervals. The duration of treatment is 5-7 days.
Interferons and interferon inducers
Another large group of antiviral drugs for colds are interferons and interferon inducers. Interferons are protein substances that synthesize the body as a response to infection, due to them the body is more resistant to viruses. They have a wide spectrum of action, which favorably differ from many other synthetic drugs. But some experts say that they are not very effective in ARVI. In the case of colds, they are prescribed as drops in the nose and rectal suppositories. The native leukocyte interferon is digested four or six times a day, Reaferon (interferon alfa-2a) two drops twice-four times a day. Viferon (alpha-2b interferon) usually goes like a candle, adults usually use Viferon 3 and 4.
There are also inducers of interferon. These are drugs that stimulate the body to produce its own interferons. Catarrhal diseases are treated with "Tyloron" ("Amiksin"), "Meglumina acridonacetate" ("Cycloferon") and a number of other antiviral drugs for colds.
Antiviral drug for cold "Amiksin"
For treatment of influenza and acute respiratory disease, "Amiksin" is prescribed inside after eating two tablets, 25 g for adults and 6 g for children over 7 years on the first day of illness and then 1 tablet every other day.
The course of treatment - up to 6 tablets. Contraindicated in pregnant women and children younger than 7 years.
Antiviral drug for cold "Cycloferon"
"Cycloferon" is used to treat influenza and ARI in the form of intramuscular injections at a dose of 250 mg (1% 2 ml) for two consecutive days, then every other day or 1 tablet, 5 g every other day for 20 days.
Antiviral drug for cold "Kagocel"
"Kagocel" is an inducer of interferon with direct antiviral and immunomodulating action.
Usually it is prescribed for influenza and ARI adults 2 tablets 3 times a day for the first two days (daily dose is 72 mg), then 1 tablet 3 times a day (daily dose of 36 mg). A total of 18 tablets per 4-day course.
Antiviral drug for cold "Arbidol"
Effective in treating the common cold is an antiviral drug, like Arbidol. It acts against viruses A, B, it also treats parainfluenza, syncytial infections, adenoviruses. The essence of the drug in stimulating the production of endogenous interferon, it has an antioxidant effect, strengthens the immune system.
Arbidol for colds without complications appoint: children from 3 to 6 years - 50 mg, from 6 to 12 years - 100 mg, over 12 years and adults - 200 mg 4 times a day (every 6 hours) for 5 days. With the development of complications (bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.) children from 3 to 6 years take Arbidol 50 mg each, from 6 to 12 years - 100 mg, over 12 years, adults - 200 mg 4 times a day (every 6 hours) for 5 days, then a single dose once a week for month.
Antiviral drug for cold "Amizon"
Antiviral drug for cold "Amizon" is an inducer of endogenous interferon, has antiviral, immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory action.
Adults take "Amizon" 2-4 times a day after a meal with an average flow of influenza and acute respiratory disease, 5 g, with a heavy - on, g for 5-7 days; the course dose of treatment is 3 Children aged 6-12 years drink on, 25 g 2-3 times a day for 5-7 days.
Antiviral drug for cold "Anaferon"
"Anaferon" refers to homeopathic remedies with antiviral and immunomodulating effect. It is also used to treat colds and flu. Usage for adults: 1 tablet, sublingually from three times a day to six, depending on the severity of the disease.
Treatment begins with the first respiratory symptoms. After improving the condition, it is recommended to switch to taking the drug once a day, for 8-10 days. Children from six months to three years, one tablet dissolved in 15 ml of water and give a drink. For prevention, Anaferon is prescribed one tablet once a day, for one to three months.
Antiviral drug for colds "Grippferon"
"Grippferon" is an immunomodulatory, antiviral and anti-inflammatory drug for intranasal use. The duration of the course of application and dose of the drug "Grippferon" is usually determined by the doctor in charge.
The recommended dose for children younger than 1 year is 500 IU (1 drop of the drug) 5 times a day; for children from 1 year to 3 years is 1000 IU (2 drops of "Grippferon") 3-4 times a day; from 3 to 14 years is 1000 IU (2 drops of the drug "Grippferon") 4-5 times in a day. The recommended adult dose is 1500 IU (3 drops) 5-6 times a day. The course duration is 5 days.
Herbal antiviral drugs for colds
Some herbs also have an antiviral effect. The effect of many herbal medicines is directed against viruses belonging to the herpes family. Catarrhal diseases are often accompanied by herpes rash, in addition, the course of cytomegalovirus infection also often occurs with the same symptoms as ARVI. This category of drugs includes "Alpizarin". The active substance in it is an extract of such plants as an alpine penny, a yellow penny, mango leaves. The antiviral preparation "Flacoside" has in its composition an active substance, which is obtained from velvet Amur and velvet Laval. For external use, the ointments "Megozin" (cottonseed oil), "Helepin" (ground part of the cheesecake), "Gossipol" (are obtained when processing the cotton seeds or the roots of cotton).
Antiviral drugs that are used for colds also include Altabor. It is based on an extract of stems of gray and black (sticky) alder.
The pendulous shank and ground reed give life to the drug "Proteflazidu it is also used in the treatment of colds, influenza and for their prevention. Antiviral and immunomodulating action is possessed by the German preparation "Imupret". It consists of field horsetail, walnut leaves and oak bark.
The price of antiviral drugs for colds
The run-up of prices for antiviral drugs for colds is quite wide - from 20 to 200 hryvnia (of course, it still depends on the packaging and the number of tablets). In any case, it is better to consult with the attending physician who will prescribe the drug, which in the particular case will prove to be the most effective.
If you call the approximate prices for the main antiviral drugs used to treat colds, in pharmacies in Ukraine they are: "Amizon" - from 20 UAH, "Arbidol" - from 50 UAH, "Amiksin" - from 30 UAH, "Anaferon" - from 40 UAH, "Remantadin" - from 11 UAH, "Kagocel" from 70 UAH, "Viferon" - from 70 UAH - from 110 UAH.
Inexpensive antiviral drugs for colds
Inexpensive antiviral drugs for colds, often prescribed by doctors and commonly used - Amizon, Amiksin, Anaferon. For 20-40 hryvnia you can buy 10 tablets. But once again pay attention: before making a decision to purchase an antiviral drug for a cold, it is worth consulting with the treating doctor.
With the help of antiviral drugs, it is not the consequence, but the cause of the catarrhal disease that is eliminated. This is the great advantage of antiviral drugs in the treatment of colds, which also explains their effectiveness. Antiviral drugs shorten the cold for two to three days, ease its course. Due to the use of antiviral drugs for colds, the risk of other chronic diseases worsening (exacerbation bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and other diseases), also there will be no various complications, as often happens with other preparations. In addition, antiviral drugs for colds give excellent effect in the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, including among healthy family members when the patient is at home.
Names of antibiotics for colds and flu
In the treatment of respiratory diseases, direct-acting drugs are used that affect the cause of the disease. They depress the pathogens. Such therapy is called etiologic. In the fight against the flu and cold the main thing is right - to choose the right medication. Some people, trying to get better sooner, begin to drink strong antibiotics from a cold at the first symptoms of ARVI. Is it correct?
When it is necessary to drink antibiotics for colds and flu
In most cases, respiratory diseases are caused by viruses to which antibacterial drugs do not work. Therefore, their reception from the first day of the disease is not justified. Therapy of respiratory diseases with antibiotics is justified, if on the 5th-6th day of the course of the flu or cold, the person's state of health is consistently poor. As a rule, these are symptoms of bacterial infection, which provokes the development of purulent sore throat, acute bronchitis, pneumonia.
Signs of complications of the flu and colds:
- after the onset of acute respiratory viral infection, the body temperature rises sharply after 5-6 days;
- general health worsens, fever, coughing, shortness of breath;
- pain in the throat, chest area, ears;
- enlarged lymph nodes.
When treating colds and flu with antibiotics, do not interrupt treatment while improving well-being. People who commit such a mistake then suffer twice as much. In this case, the improvement of a person's condition does not mean that the disease has passed. The batch of bacteria under the influence of antibiotics died, but another part of them adapts to the drug and begins to attack the weakened organism with new strength. This leads to a new round of disease with subsequent complications.
What antibiotics are better for taking cold?
For the treatment of respiratory diseases, bactericidal preparations are used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms. Antibiotics in the fight against colds and influenza are given the role of heavy artillery when there is a risk of acute complications. For treatment of respiratory diseases, three main groups of antibacterial drugs are used:
- penicillinic - ampiox, augmentin, amoxaplav;
- cephalosporins - cefotaxime, cefpyr, cefazolin;
- macrolides - roxithromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin.
List of effective antibiotics for adults
For colds of bacterial origin, doctors prescribe antibiotics in extreme cases. Prolonged cough, prolonged angina, severe fever, stably high body temperature - these are alarming signs of the development of an acute disease. In this case, traditional antiviral drugs, immunostimulants, vitamins and medicinal herbs are powerless. For effective therapy, you need to know which antibiotic is better for a cold to an adult:
Names of good drugs for children
To treat bacterial diseases at an early age, antibiotics are used in extreme cases. With pneumonia, acute otitis, purulent angina, resulting from a respiratory illness, it is justified to take such drugs. The form of antibiotics is prescribed depending on the age of the child. Breastfeeding - drugs in pricks, older children - in pills. Babies do not always make injections, it is allowed to open the ampoule and give the child a medicine in the proper dosage. Baby antibiotics for colds:
- flemoxin solute;
- alpha normix.
Often parents mistakenly believe that antibiotic therapy is necessary for the successful treatment of influenza and colds in children. This is a misconception about the effect of antibiotics on the baby's body. In viral infections in children, the prescription of these drugs is unreasonable even at high temperatures, which persists for a long time.
Treatment with antibiotics of children leads to dysbiosis, weakening of the immune system, anemia. To conduct antibacterial therapy for babies is advisable exclusively in critical situations. For example, when there is aerobic streptococcal angina, acute otitis media, pneumonia, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The use of antibiotics to treat children with colds and flu without complications is justified when:
- expressed signs of reduced resistance to the body - a constant subfertile body temperature, frequent cold and viral diseases, HIV, oncology, congenital disorders of immunity;
- rachitis, malformations of general development, lack of weight;
- the presence in the history of the child of chronic recurrent otitis media.
Gentle medications for treating colds in pregnant women
When treating complications of respiratory disease in a woman in a position or nursing mother, take into account the effects of the antibiotic on the development of the fetus. For treatment select sparing antibacterial drugs. To find the right medicine, the doctor identifies the causative agent of the disease, its resistance to various drugs. If it is impossible to conduct such a study, prescribe sparing antibiotics for pregnant women:
To treat influenza and colds in pregnant and lactating mothers, in order to avoid the occurrence of dysbiosis, it is advisable to take drugs in the form of injections. To avoid allergic reactions, the use of antibiotic therapy is combined with antihistamines. From the diet of pregnant and lactating women, chocolate, citrus and coffee are excluded.
List of broad-spectrum antibiotics
In bacterial therapy for the treatment of complications of influenza and cold prescribe drugs aimed at inhibiting groups of pathogens. Such drugs are called broad-spectrum antibiotics. They help to cure the complications of influenza and acute respiratory disease. Cheap tablets are effective, as are expensive ones. These types of drugs are dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription. Before taking the drug, read the instructions and read reviews about antibiotics. A good drug has a small number of side effects. Antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action:
Drugs for colds. What drugs to take with colds
The risk of catching an acute respiratory disease persists people at any time of the year, even in hot summer. But especially colds sicken us in the winter months, as well as in the off-season. What medications for colds can help get rid of it most quickly and effectively? Our review is devoted to this question.
Antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drugs
When we catch cold, then, as a rule, our temperature rises, nasal congestion, perspiration in the throat, coughing are unpleasant symptoms, to be sure. What drugs for cold will help to quickly relieve the condition, lower the temperature, remove puffiness in the nasopharynx, slow or even stop the development of inflammatory processes in the body? There are three tested, reliable and universal medicines:
All of the listed cold tablets are widely used in therapy directed against ARI, but today it is considered that "Paracetamol" is the safest. It is produced not only in tablets, but also in the form of rectal suppositories, syrups and drops (for small children). Analogues are preparations "Panadol" Efferalgan "Kalpol" Flutabs "and others. medicines. On the basis of paracetamol, many modern preparations for influenza and cold are produced:
- "Grippex" and others.
A question may arise: "If all these drugs for the treatment of cold unites paracetamol, then how do they differ from each other?" A business in that all of the listed drugs include various additional components that help the body to cope more quickly with disease. For example, in the notorious "Fervex except paracetamol, there are still other substances such as ascorbic acid and poriramine, in" Solpadein "are contained in small doses of codeine and caffeine, etc.
What can be dangerous paracetamol
This drug is well tolerated by most patients, it has relatively few contraindications. In favor of paracetamol is the fact that this medicine is approved for use even in infants (in droplets and syrups). Nevertheless, even the safest drugs for colds can have some side effects on the body. And the drug "Paracetamol" is not an exception.
In the press, they write a lot about medical research, claiming that this drug, taken in a child's age, is able to further provoke the development of asthma in adolescents, and also contributes to the emergence of eczema and allergic rhinitis. Therefore, cold medicines for children should not be used without a good reason and without consulting a doctor.
Paracetamol adversely affects the liver (however, like many other drugs), so patients with severe diseases of this body should take this drug with great care.
Drugs from the common cold
What remedy for cold and flu can effectively fight with nasal congestion with a cold? Such a drug should be sought among the so-called decongestants - drugs that have the ability to narrow the blood vessels, so that they can remove the swelling of the nasopharynx, and the sick person gets the opportunity relatively freely breathe.
These drugs are available in the form of tablets, as well as in the form of drops, ointments and sprays. The most popular today are sprays, drops and emulsions. All vasoconstrictive drugs can be divided into three groups: short, medium and long.
To drugs from the common cold shorts are:
The advantage of these drops is their quick action and inexpensive price, and the disadvantage is that they "work" only a few hours, and sometimes even less. Meanwhile, they can be buried in the nose no more than 4 times a day.
Drugs of medium duration:
The composition of these drops and sprays includes the substance xylometazoline. It is thanks to him, in these drugs, the duration of the action (up to 10 hours) is successfully combined with high efficiency. Disadvantage: these drugs can not be buried in the nose of children up to the age of two, and their use should not last more than 7 days.
Drugs for colds with a runny nose:
Use these funds is allowed only twice a day and not more than 3 consecutive days. They are capable of providing free breathing for a long time. The disadvantage is that prolonged vasospasm acts destructively on the mucous membrane of the nose. Contraindications for use are the age of the child under 1 year, pregnancy, as well as diabetes and kidney disease.
If you have a sore throat
We will continue to study the issue of how to fight against flu and colds. Drugs that are used for this, can not be limited only to tablets from temperature and drops for the nose. If the throat hurts, and this happens in ARI in most cases, then effective medications are also needed for it.
Today, very popular are various absorbable lozenges and pills that can have a local anti-inflammatory effect, as well as aerosols:
- "Akvalor throat
- "Terraflu LAR
- "Neptune Neo
- "Septolelet Plus
- "Stopangin" and others.
The big plus of the listed drugs is that they are indicated for topical application, their penetration into the body is negligible, they practically do not flow into the blood. Meanwhile, these drugs have a strong effect against viruses and microbes, which, in case of colds, actively multiply in the mouth and cause inflammation and sore throat.
However, one must understand that with severe angina such medications can not cope entirely with the disease. The attending physician usually prescribes effective pills for influenza and colds, sometimes even antibiotics. You can also read about them in our article.
What will help cough
Runny nose, sore throat, fever is not all symptoms of ARI. If a person coughs badly for colds, what to drink then? It will be better if the doctor prescribes the medicine on the basis of the diagnosis, because cough can be caused by different causes (bronchitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, etc.). In addition, the cough can be dry or wet, with the spitting of phlegm.
To get rid of dry painful cough used such tools as:
- "Tussin plus
- "The Falimint
- "Hexapnevmin" and others. preparations.
Expectorants for the treatment of wet cough:
- "Ambrobene etc.
Sometimes the illness is so strong that the doctor decides to appoint the most powerful drugs to the patient, which are available in the arsenal of modern pharmacology. What antibiotics for a cold should be taken to the patient - only a qualified doctor can decide. The fact is that different bacterial drugs affect different types of bacteria. Here is a list of modern antibiotics, which are most often used in the treatment of acute respiratory disease, bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, etc.:
1. Penicillin group:
- "Augmentin" and others.
These drugs are effective against bacteria that cause inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.
2. Group of cephalosporins:
Drugs of this group help with bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy.
3. Group of macrolides:
This is one of the strongest antibiotics of the last generation. They are able to cope fairly quickly even with SARS.
Often people identify flu with colds. This is because the symptoms are similar in many respects. With the flu, the throat also hurts, the nose does not breathe, the head hurts, the body temperature rises, etc. That's why, when self-medicated, grief-sick people try to fight the flu by taking usual anti-cold medications, including antibiotics, which can be very harmful for themselves.
Meanwhile, you need to know that the nature of the flu is not bacterial, as in conventional ARI, but viral. And this means that antiviral drugs are needed to fight the disease. The following medicines are most often used in complex therapy for the treatment of influenza:
Medicines that strengthen immunity
When we are already sick, the flu and cold pills, of course, will help to quickly overcome the disease and get well, but there are medicines with which you can strengthen immunity and avoid infection even in the peak of the epidemic ARI.
Very popular and safe are immunomodulators, which are produced on a plant basis:
- "Tincture of Echinacea
- Extract of echinacea "Dr. Theiss
- "Tincture of ginseng
- "Extract of Eleutherococcus
- "Tincture of Chinese magnolia vine".
It is also possible to increase the resistance of the body to catarrhal diseases with the help of medicines that contain microscopic doses of enzymes of various pathogens (streptococcus, staphylococcus, pneumococcus and other). In the pharmacy network the following drugs are sold for the prevention of colds from this group:
- "Broncho Munal
With a cold, what else to drink? Usually the doctor necessarily prescribes vitamins to his patients who have taken up ARI. In no case should not neglect this recommendation, because these drugs effectively strengthen the body of a sick person, stimulate immunity, help the damaged cells to regenerate, e. Here is the list of vitamins that we need for a successful fight against the common cold:
1. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid, or ascorbic acid). This is the most powerful assistant in ARI. It is able to actively inhibit the multiplication of viruses and bacteria. When ailments a day, it is recommended to take 1000-1500 mg of vitamin C;
2. Thiamine (B1). It promotes the regeneration of damaged epithelial cells of the upper respiratory tract.
3. Riboflavin is a vitamin B2. It needs an organism for the synthesis of antibodies.
4. Pyridoxine is a vitamin B6. Participates in the regenerative processes of nerve endings when the disease is affected by the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract.
5. Nicotinic acid is a vitamin PP. Thanks to it, blood circulation improves, vessels are restored.
6. Retinol - vitamin A. This is a very necessary element for the successful regeneration of epithelial cells.
7. Tocopherol - vitamin E. It has powerful antioxidant properties; can stimulate the immune system.
Of course, vitamins enter our body with food, but this is not enough, especially in winter and spring. In the pharmacy you can buy universal multivitamin complexes, for example:
- "Hexavit" and many others.
There are multivitamin preparations, the action of which is enhanced by useful mineral substances. Independently to understand the abundance of vitamin funds is difficult, so it is better to rely on the choice of a doctor.
Medications for children
Drugs for colds for children should be prescribed by a pediatrician. After all, individual drugs from an adult home medicine chest can be harmful to children. But to have at hand some proven drugs in the family, where there is a baby, is also necessary.
Antipyretics for children:
- "Panadol" children's candlelight or in suspension.
- Analogues of "Panadol" Cefekon "Kalpol" Efferalgan. "
- Syrup "Tussin".
- A solution or syrup "Lazolvan".
- "Sinecod" in drops or syrup (from a dry cough).
For ears, throat and nose:
- "Nazol Kids" and "Nazol Baby" (spray and drops) - from the common cold.
- "Otypaks" - droplets for the ears, not containing an antibiotic.
- "Aqua-Maris" - a weak solution of sea salt in the form of a spray. It moisturizes and cleanses the mucous membranes of the throat and nose. Analogues: "Salfin" and "Valleys".
The listed funds are enough to hold out until the doctor arrives.
Good cold pills - it's certainly great! But some people, for various reasons, prefer to be treated purely by natural means. Well, folk medicine can offer a lot of excellent recipes and recommendations. Here are some of the most versatile and effective:
1. Raspberry tea is a remedy for colds and flu, which has been used by mankind since time immemorial. Raspberry berries in dried form or in the form of jam will help to quickly lower the temperature, they have antipyretic properties, since they contain natural salicylic acid. In addition, in raspberries in sufficiently large quantities there is vitamin C.
2. In the gruel, garlic is added honey (proportion:), the drug is thoroughly mixed and given to the patient twice a day, one to two teaspoons. Garlic is also recommended for inhalation. To do this, several of its teeth are crushed, poured with water (1 tbsp.) And boiled for 10 minutes. Then this "shock" medicine can be put in front of the patient, so that he breathes over it.
3. Another remedy (and very effective) for a cold is ordinary milk. Perhaps you do not know that it contains enzymes that enhance immunity, and there is also a tryptophan substance, which contributes to the development of serotonin in the body - a strong soothing. In a liter of milk, you need to add a few spoons of honey, nutmeg, cinnamon, vanilla, bay leaves and a couple of peas of sweet pepper. Bring the milk drug to a boil and insist before use 5 min.
4. If the patient is suffering from cough, you can try to use such a proven means, as the juice of black radish, mixed with honey. The drug is prepared as follows: from the washed root the apex is cut off, a part of the pulp is scraped from the middle, so that an empty cavity is formed. The hole is put honey (2 h. l.), and the radish is closed by a cut top, like a lid. Wait 12 hours - during this time, the juice will be allocated, which, combined with honey, will turn into an antitussive medicine. Take the drug is recommended as follows: for adults - 1 tbsp. l. 3 times a day, for children - 1 hour. l. three times a day.
We are used to fighting flu and cold from time to time. Drugs in the pharmacies are abundant, so most meet the disease with the certainty that it will not be easy to cure. But prevention is a great and necessary thing. Therefore now we will remind, what preventive measures help happily miss each other with a heavy foul:
1. Inoculation against influenza. Every year, doctors warn the public about the need for timely vaccination, but many of us simply ignore it, and in vain.
2. In the cold season, when there is not enough sun in the street, and there are not enough fresh fruits and vegetables on the table, you can and need to feed yourself synthetic vitamin complexes and do not forget about lemon, cranberries, decoction from the hips - all this will save the body from a deficit vitamin C.
3. Oksolinovaya ointment, neatly applied before going out on the mucous membrane of the nose, is a strong shield that can repel attacks of bacteria and viruses.
4. Personal hygiene should be on top. That is the motto "more often to wash hands with soap" is actual as never!
5. The room in which you are, you need to ventilate and conduct mandatory wet cleaning, since in a dry dusty atmosphere, the microbes feel incredibly comfortable.
6. During the epidemic of influenza and acute respiratory disease, it is not recommended to go to popular shopping centers, cinemas, cafes and other places where a lot of people gather. But walks (especially skiing) in the open air in a country park or a forest are excellent for strengthening the body.
Having become acquainted with information about what preparations to take with cold, you can meet ORZ or the flu fully armed. But it's better, of course, never to catch a cold and not get sick! Take care of yourself, we wish you strong health!