What should parents do if the baby has a cold?
Finally, your long-awaited baby appeared. The kid gets used to the new world around him, and suddenly a baby has a cold, what to do, because he can not breathe with his mouth like older or older children? For such kids, the common cold is a serious problem. Firstly, they can not suck a breast or a bottle with a stuffy nose, since they are suffocating.This leads to crying, whims, refusal to eat, sleep disorders and, as a result, greatly complicates the life of parents. Secondly, the common cold is a reaction to the penetration of a bacterial or viral infection. Together with the nozzles, the pathogenic microflora descends into the throat and bronchi. So begins angina and bronchitis, so treatment of the common cold should not be delayed.
Difficulties in treating infantsThe nasal passages of the infant are very small. At an early age, babies can not breathe with their mouths and suffocate with a cold, so they need your help. For greater confidence it is better to consult a pediatrician. Of course, you can clean the spout and suck off the mucus with a splash, but the doctor must still fully monitor the baby's condition. In addition, the newborn may have an allergy to nasal drops or other medications.
Usually, for the treatment of uncomplicated rhinitis, children use local, age-appropriate drugs-vasoconstrictive nasal drops, sea salt solution or saline solution for lavage of the nasal cavity. If the baby has a temperature of 3, -38 ° C, this indicates the spread of the infection to the nasopharynx. Then the doctor should be called to the house, so as not to catch a newborn on the street. If the temperature rises to 38 ° C, give the baby a febrifuge (syrup or suppositories) - Panadol, Efferalgan, Ibufen. This will ease his condition and will not allow the temperature to rise further.
How to treat a cold in a baby?What should I do if my baby has a cold? To begin with, you will need moisturizing drops for the nose - Otrivin Baby, Aquamaris, Physiomer. Sterile saline is instilled from the vial into 3 drops in each nostril. The child should lie on his back with a slightly upturned head. If the snot in the baby is very fluid, immediately after instillation it is better to suck them with a splash pump or a nasal aspirator. The same procedure is also useful for dense yellow-green discharge. Saline solution not only moisturizes the mucous membrane, but also slightly dries, reducing swelling. Overdosing is not terrible, cleansing procedures can be done every 2-3 hours. For children, special sets are made, consisting of small metered-dose containers with drops, aspirator and sterile nozzles. These include Otrivin baby and Aqualor Baby "Soft shower".
If you need to urgently clean the nose of a newborn, and the listed funds are not at hand, you can use an ampoule with a% solution of sodium chloride. Open the ampoule and pipette the liquid into each nostril. Remember that you need to enter the pipette to a depth of not more, see. After instillation you need to use the splash. It will help to remove mucus from the spout and prepare a cavity for vasoconstrictor and antiviral drops.
What to do next?After removal of superfluous sopeleks before feeding and sleeping instill vasoconstrictive drops - Nazivin for children up to year (1%), Nazol baby, Rinazolin for children under 1 year of age or other medications recommended by a doctor. Packages for such crumbs are often supplied with measuring pipettes so as not to accidentally drip excess amounts of the medicine. Vasoconstrictive drops for a while remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa, thereby restoring normal nasal breathing. Use these drops can not last longer than 3-4 days. Then they cause the opposite reaction, that is, worsen the condition of the nozzle and overdry the mucous membrane. Do not use vasoconstrictive drops more than 2-3 times a day for 1-2 drops in each nostril. The main substance can cause seizures or even a coma in a child. Most often enough to dig in the nose before day and night sleep.
During the exacerbation of viral infections, the child needs to drip antiviral drops containing Interferon - Laferon, Grippferon, Nasoferon. These funds should not be used in the common cold. They are more suitable for premature babies or toddlers with reduced immunity. In cases where there is no temperature and the above treatment helps, they should not be used. Note that the drugs with interferon can cause an allergic reaction, so you need to have on hand an antihistamine drug - syrup or drops Zodak, Fenistil or Zirtek for oral administration. Allergy in infants often manifests as a strong reddening on the buttocks, reminiscent of diaper rash. Stools are very irritating to the skin, which causes extra suffering in the crumbs.In the composition of some drops for the nose there is an antihistamine component, for example, Vibrocil. He not only removes puffiness, but also struggles with local allergy.
To facilitate breathing, you can smear Baby with Balm Doctor "Clean Pussy" or drip Caravaev's oil with Vital Baby. They contain extracts and oils from medicinal plants, which not only disinfects the nasal cavity, but also softens the mucous membrane. The same action has sea buckthorn oil, it drips into a pre-cleaned spout 1-2 drops twice a day.
Quite often, doctors recommend that in the treatment of purulent rhinitis in infants, local antiseptic drops - Protargol. This medicine can be found in pharmacies dealing with the manufacture of prescription drugs. Protargol is sold freely, you do not need to present a prescription for purchasing. Thanks to silver ions associated with proteins, the drug is very effective in combating bacteria, but it is not capable of killing viruses and protozoan microorganisms. In newborns, drops almost never cause allergic reactions, in contrast to older children. Protargol is used twice a day for no more than 5 days. Please note that the medicine has a limited shelf life - only 2 weeks.
Another antiseptic are the drops Albucid. Sulfacil sodium is an eye drop, but they are successfully used in the treatment of rhinitis. For children, you need to take the lowest dosage. Do not use drops more than twice a day, as they overdry mucous or can cause burns.Only a doctor can recommend such a remedy, taking into account the symptoms and condition of the child.
Prerequisites in the roomA baby with difficulty breathing needs more oxygen, so more often ventilate the room, naturally, in the absence of the baby. Positively affects the use of air humidifier in the children's room. Dry air irritates the inflamed mucosa and has a negative effect.
Rhinitis in the baby can be treated with rubbing feet balm Karavaeva or vodka. After the procedure, you need to put warm socks on your toes. By the way, the legs should always be kept warm, this reduces the release of mucus from the spout.
An ancient, but nevertheless, an effective remedy for a cold in infants is the instillation of mother's milk into the spout. Doctors do not recommend this method, although it does help. The number of nozzles drops drastically during instillation. Breast milk in excess contains protective antibodies, so it helps better than Interferon.
Lovers of traditional medicine can try to drip into a spout carrot juice. Fresh carrots are rubbed on a fine grater and squeezed through gauze. The resulting juice drips 1 drop into each nasal passage three times a day. This antiviral agent is irritating and causes sneezing, so do not perform the procedure before going to bed or feeding.
Another popular remedy for a cold in children is considered to be aloe juice. Before use, the cut off parts of the plant need to be kept in the refrigerator for two days. Then they squeeze out the juice and dilute with boiled water in the proportion:. This drug is used 1 drop 3 times a day..
A baby requires parents to pay special attention, so if you have any health problems, you need to consult a pediatrician.
Soply in the baby will not pass independently, they must be treated as soon as possible, then the runny nose will end in 3-4 days, and you will return to peace.
We treat a runny nose in a child up to one year: the most effective means
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa, accompanied by stuffiness, shortness of breath, sneezing, is called a runny nose. This simple and safe (erroneous opinion of many) disease can be isolated, and can accompany other pathologies. Treatment of the common cold should be done correctly, especially in infants, because there is a risk of serious complications.
What childrens drops from the cold are the most effective, you can learn from this article.
Types of coldsRunny nose is a commonly diagnosed inflammation of the nasal mucosa in children. They are sick and teenagers, and children of school age, and newborns / babies. In medicine, it is common to distinguish the following types of common cold:
- Infectious. It occurs against the background of influenza, measles, acute respiratory-viral infection.
- Catarrhal (chronic). It lasts a long time, is characterized by stuffy nose, which worries children day and night.
- Allergic. All the signs of the common cold appear periodically and are related, most often, to the seasons of the year - for example, spring blooms in the spring, poplar fluff flies in the summer, and ambrosia blooms in the autumn.
- Vasomotor. It is diagnosed in children with weakened immunity, for which even a small draft, provided that warm clothing is available, can grow into a runny nose.
How to properly use aloe juice from the common cold to children under one year, you can learn from the contents of this article.
In the case of acute rhinitis (rhinitis), three stages of rhinitis can be diagnosed:
Rhinitis in babies - features of the flow
If the runny nose lasts more than 2 weeks, it is necessary to seek advice from a pediatrician - perhaps a physiological runny nose has developed into an infectious cold.
Newborns are characterized by the development of a physiological rhinitis - a condition that is associated with the adaptation of the nasal mucosa to the surrounding world and independent breathing. In the womb of the mother, breathing through the mouth and nose was not carried out by the child - oxygen came through the blood through the umbilical cord. After birth, the body must get used to (adapt) to the new conditions life and the mucous membrane of the nose simply "calculates" the right amount of mucus that should produced. It is during this period that the baby can have nasal congestion, the presence of mucus.
What drops from the cold and nasal congestion are best, you can learn from the article.
With a physiological cold, the child does not experience discomfort and behaves absolutely calmly, therefore, fever, whims and sleep disturbance can not be associated with this condition.
Symptoms of a cold
For each stage of acute rhinitis (cold) there are symptoms:
- at the onset of the disease (dry stage)- dryness in the nasal passages, the patient experiences unpleasant sensations ("scores"), there is frequent sneezing, a headache of a non-intensive nature develops;
- wet stage- in the nasal passages mucus of light color begins to accumulate, the mucous membrane considerably swells and there is complete nasal congestion;
- purulent- the discharge from the nose acquires a yellow-green tint, a stretchy and viscous structure.
At any stage of acute rhinitis, the above symptoms are accompanied by headache, general weakness, children are capricious and require increased attention from adults.
Acute rhinitis is highly treatable, and in some cases even completely without the intervention of doctors and the use of medications. If the runny nose lasts more than 3 weeks, then the risk of the disease transition to the chronic stage rises many times.
What to do when the nose swells without a cold and how to deal with this problem, what medicines and methods are indicated in the article.
Runny nose in children before the year is diagnosed by a pediatrician already when examining the nasal passages - there is hyperemia (redness) of the mucosa, its swelling and the presence of mucus. In some cases, instrumental methods of examining a child can be used, and for consultation, more narrow specialists are invited-for example, an allergist, an infectious disease specialist.
The physician should differentiate the common runny nose from infectious diseases, in which the symptoms may be similar - for example, diphtheria, measles.
The child has a runny nose and sneezing, but there is no temperature, what to do about it and how to help the child help to understand the article.
Treatment of a cold in children under one year of ageThe peculiarity of the common cold in children up to a year is a problem in its treatment. The fact is that the baby is unable to blow his nose and the mucus is difficult to exit - it accumulates in the nasal passages, which can lead to a rapid development of the chronic form of rhinitis. Parents can help the child with the following procedures:
- provide the child's room with the right humidity- You can use special humidifiers or place containers with water, hang a wet rag over batteries;
- regularly cleanse the nose of mucuswith the help of cotton flagella at the age of up to 9 months or an aspirator for older children.
Many parents instill mother's breast milk into the nasal passages, because it is believed that it has antibacterial properties - it's a mistake! It is much more effective to apply for instillation a weak saline solution (5 g of salt per half a cup of water).
What inexpensive remedy for the common cold for children are used most often, you can learn from the article.
Treatment of a common cold in children aged 1-12 months can last 3 and 4 days, but most often the parents celebrate their final recovery one week after the start of the procedure.
MedicationIf there is a runny nose in an infant, treatment should be exceptionally safe - by no means Do not use to remove symptoms of drops and aerosols / sprays that are recommended for older children age!
For babies from the age of 3 months, you can use Nazivin drops - they have a vasoconstrictive effect. If the baby is already 5 months old, it is possible to dilute the accumulated mucus in the nasal passages with a physiological sodium chloride solution and then perform a liquid aspiration procedure (aspiration). To the best tools for treatment at the age of 5-6 months can be referred to Otrivin, Xylen and Vibrocil.In the period from 7 months and older, you can safely drip Interferon - it has not only therapeutic, but also preventive action.It is also possible to take homeopathic remedies agreed with the doctor.
What to do, when after the cold the sense of smell is gone, the information from the article will help to understand.
What remedy for a cold is better for a child - the doctor decides!
Official medicine fully approves the use of folk methods in the treatment of the common cold in children up to a year. The most effective tools include:
- washing of the nasal passages with saline solution;
- instill 1 drop a few times a day of aloe / calanchoe juice;
- inhalation with broths of herbs (sage, chamomile, thyme).
Folk methods can be used to treat the common cold in children from 8 months of age and not earlier! A inhalation - with a 10-month.
What to do when the throat pain when swallowing, but there is no temperature, you can find out by reading the article.
What is a common cold in children under one year old?Many parents mistakenly believe that a rhinitis (rhinitis) does not pose a danger to the child and generally passes "by itself". But the statistics claim the opposite:
- untreated acute rhinitis quickly passes into a chronic stage, which is hard to treat and constantly recurs;
- at 7 months of age, the runny nose can develop into a purulent sinusitis;
- at 9-12 months of age the risk of sinusitis develops.
How to cure a runny nose when breastfeeding with mom, will help to know the content of the article.
In addition, a prolonged runny nose leads to a violation of sleep in the child, his whims and irritability.Due to the fact that the baby can not fully breathe through the nose, the breastfeeding (or artificial) mode is also violated - the child does not eat the right amount of milk / mixture, loses weight, there are signs of irregularities in the system digestion.
What antibiotics for cough and cold are the best and quickly help, you can understand reading the article.
Look at the video of three ways to clean the baby's nose:
Runny nose in children under one year old is a disease that can be treated at home. Pediatricians should be consulted in case of fever, cough or other symptoms of an infectious disease.
Rhinitis in babies: what to do
When the child is sick, Mom seeks to help him soon to recover. To treat a cold in a babe is not easy, tk. For babies, most "adult" medications can not be used.
Normally, in the first months of life, the baby can accumulate liquid transparent mucus in the nose. So the child's organism reacts to the need to warm and moisten the air before it enters the lungs. If the child is calm, eats well, he does not have temperature and mucus does not interfere with breathing, the baby does not need to be treated. A physiological runny nose is not a disease, but a natural reaction of a healthy baby organism to changed conditions.
Clean, moist and cool air in the nursery
And with a physiological, and with a common cold, adults should create optimal conditions for breathing a child. To mucus in the nose of the baby did not condense and did not dry out, parents should moisten the air in the room babies. To do this, you can place containers with water, cover the batteries with wet towels, spray the liquid several times a day from the spray gun. Daily wash the floor in the child's room. If you have an air humidifier, turn it on. Ventilate the room several times a day so that the baby can breathe fresh air.
Snot babies can dry out too because of too hot air. If possible, keep the room temperature at 22-23 degrees. Remove from the room sources of dust: carpets, soft toys, rugs, etc. Daily wipe the dust. The air in the baby's room should be clean.
Put the baby warmer. It is good for a baby to breathe cool air, but he should not freeze.
Clean your baby's nose
Moisten the nasal cavity of the baby with salt solutions. You can buy them at the pharmacy. For grudnichka will approach or suit drops, instead of sprays. Instead of sea water, you can buy saline and bury his baby with a pipette.
Put the baby in a crib or stroller so that the head is slightly above the legs. In this case, the mucus will not linger in the nose, but will drain down the nasopharynx.
Feed the baby with the breast. Obtained with the mother's milk antibodies will help to quickly defeat the common cold. If the child is older than 6 months, ask him to drink water so that there is no dehydration.
If the baby has a weak cold that does not interfere with his breathing, clean the baby's nose with cotton wool. Take a quarter of the wadded disk, soak it in warm boiled water, roll into a tube and free the sinuses of the baby from the accumulated mucus.
With a strong cold, you can use an aspirator to suck off the snot. Use it only as a last resort, so as not to injure the nose of the newborn. You should also consult a pediatrician. Perhaps he will prescribe medicines.
Find out the reason
Consult a doctor and work together to determine the cause of the common cold. If it is a virus, the child will recover within a week, when he develops antibodies. Often in infants who are breastfed, in the first months of life the spout is clogged with milk. This does not require treatment. It is enough to carry the child in his arms after the feeding. Also, the baby can have an allergic rhinitis. In this case, you will need to find out the source of the problem and fix it.
What if the baby has a runny nose?
Dip into the spout with breast milk. Helps
to understand the reason, sucking out sopelki pears, if cold, then apply sodium sulfacil and human interferon
we were saved by breast milk ...
If you are breast-feeding then breast milk. Pre-release the nose from the nozzles with a small syringe.
Clean the spout with a special bulb (clyster). Burying can breast milk, Saline (just a weak salt solution) or Delufen.
Squeeze the garlic. And bury it. Although medications also help, only buying need to tell the age, they are different and the dosage is different.
We daughters put boiled potatoes (warm, crushed, in a cotton scarf - not in cellophane). So, to warm your chest.
Interferon - 2 drops in each nasal passage. But if laid - you must first wash it with slightly salted water or a decoction of chamomile. Put your foot on the opposite edge of the bathroom. The swaddled child lay on the thigh face down and from the small pear first full into one nostril - you will see how the cork from the snot will pop out, then into the other. Do not be afraid - do not drown. The only thing - if the pear is not full, then before pouring into the spout, drain the excess air. As you wash it - hold it upright for a couple of minutes, the remaining water will come out. And bury the interferon. The first few times he will shout - then he will understand that it is easier for him. You can do this procedure 2-3 times a day.
The girl is selling a special sucker, it helps!
do not think garlic even!!! burn the mucous membrane. his adult and then bred with boiling water somewhere:. it is better to dilute the Kalanchoe juice boiled water: and 2-3 drops a couple of times a day, drip. and sucking out the droplets is a simple way-the eye dropper (glass part) is inserted into the spout of the baby by 1/4 and the mouth sucks off the mucus. Do not pull hard, lightly. so much more effective, sucking and pearing does not help, but the tube is excellent. and, snot in the mouth will not fall. bounce into the tip of the pipette and that's it.
just wash http://forums.rusmedserv.com/showpost.ph? = 54, 33 & amp; ostcount = 6
Breast milk, but you can still try to drip into a spout of Kalanchoe juice diluted with water teplela