Pertussin is an expectorant that dilutes sputum. Due to the effect of the drug, its viscosity is reduced. This leads to the fact that sputum on coughing leaves much easier.
Potassium bromide has a calming effect on the central nervous system, reducing its excitability and partially suppressing the cough reflex. Thymus has an expectorant effect. It promotes the production in the upper respiratory tract of a substance that dilutes sputum. The viscosity of the sputum decreases, and when it coughs, it leaves much easier.
Pertussin activates the cilia of the ciliated epithelium and stimulates peristalsis (wave-like muscle contractions) bronchioles, which facilitates the movement of sputum from the lower parts of the lungs to the upper respiratory tract and its subsequent excretion.
Clinical and pharmacological group
Phytopreparation with expectorant, antimicrobial and bronchospasmolytic action.
Conditions of leave from pharmacies
Released without a doctor's prescription.
How much is Perthussin in pharmacies? The average price is at the level of65 rubles.
Form of issue and composition
This cough medicine is in the form of an oral solution or syrup in glass bottles of different volumes (often 50, 100 or 125 grams).
The composition of the medicine includes:
- Potassium bromide. The main component used to calm the nervous system, reduce the frequency of coughing attacks. As part of the drug, not more than a percent of potassium bromide, and with a reasonable intake, it will not have a negative impact on health.
- Extract of thyme (thyme creeping). The main component containing essential oil with phenols (thymol and carvacrol). The oil increases the secretion of bronchial secretion, promotes its liquefaction and accelerated withdrawal.
- He sleeps with ethyl. Auxiliary ingredient, without which the plant components of thyme can not take an active form.
- Sugar syrup. Auxiliary component acting as a preservative and sweetener.
There are two forms of the drug - "Pertussin" and "Pertussin Ch" with the same pharmacological properties, but different composition. The differences between them are shown in the table:
|Thyme extract -12%||Thyme extract - 12%|
|Potassium bromide - 1%||Potassium bromide - 1%|
|Sugar syrup - 82%||Sugar syrup (64% sucrose solution) - 82%|
|Ethyl alcohol 80% - 5%||Ethyl alcohol 95% - 4%|
|Purified water - 1%|
The drug helps to translate a debilitating dry cough into a wet cough, which makes recovery more rapid.
The combination of potassium bromide and extract from thyme has an antitussive, thinning bronchial sputum, an antimicrobial, expectorant effect. Extract of thyme helps reduce the viscosity of the contents of the bronchi, so that it is easier to get rid of phlegm. In addition, the herbal extract intensifies the activity of the epithelial cilia of the bronchi, and the evacuation of the contents from the tracheal tree occurs much faster. At the same time, from the upper respiratory tract, harmful microbes that cause the disease are eliminated.
Potassium bromide, contained in syrup, does not allow a person to get into coughing attacks, which can lead to vomiting. This component suppresses the cough reflex by decreasing the excitability of the central nervous system. A successful combination of the qualities of these two components makes it possible to prescribe Percussin with a dry cough, which constantly torments patients with many ailments affecting the upper and lower respiratory tract.
Indications for use
Expectorant syrup refers to symptomatic medications and the very cause of the disease does not eliminate. However, when the disease progresses, it is impossible to do without expectorants. They facilitate the flow of processes associated with cleaning the respiratory system from infection, especially with a dry cough. Since the nature of cough for many ailments is the same, in many cases, experts appoint "Pertussin".
Indications for cough syrup are the following:
- whooping cough;
Sometimes the drug is prescribed for tuberculosis and bronchial asthma. Based on the content of the instructions, "Pertussin" is prescribed for almost all inflammatory processes of the respiratory tract. Mucolytic and antimicrobial effects are noticeable at the first stage of the treatment course. It would be a big mistake to stop treatment right after the cough subsides. Such treatment can not be called full-fledged, and it is fraught with consequences. The disease can become chronic or lead to various pathologies.
The use of Pertussin is contraindicated against the background of:
- Deficiency of sucrose and intolerance to fructose;
- Decompensated CHF;
- Liver disorders;
- Hypersensitivity to the ingredients of the product;
- Diseases of the brain;
- Craniocerebral injury;
- Glucose-galactose malabsorption.
It is also not recommended to use Pertussin toddlers until three years of age. Caution should be exercised when prescribing to children older than 3 years (i.e. as part of the alcohol) and patients with diabetes (due to the presence of sucrose).
Use in pregnancy and lactation
During pregnancy and during breastfeeding, the use of phytopreparations is contraindicated.
Dosage and route of administration
In the instructions for use indicated that Pertussin is taken inside, after a meal (due to the possibility of reducing appetite).
Recommended single doses based on the age of the patients:
- children 3-6 years: ½-1 a spoonful;
- children 6-12 years: 1-2 teaspoons;
- adolescents over 12 years: 1 dessert spoon;
- adults: 1 tablespoon.
The course of treatment is 10-14 days. An increase in the duration and conduct of repeated courses of treatment is possible on the recommendation of a doctor.
The drug should be used with caution. After using it, there may be side effects:
Long-term use of the product is undesirable. It can cause the emergence of bromism - a combination of symptoms that occur with long-term admission or as a result of the use of large doses of bromide. The list includes:
- depressive state;
- general weakness;
- rash on the skin, which is bluish acne;
- depressive state;
- a decrease in heart rate;
- decreased sexual activity;
- disorder of coordination of movements;
Negative symptoms of an overdose of the active ingredients of any of the medicinal forms of this remedy were limited to a feeling of nausea that can be symptomatically treated.
During the treatment period, care must be taken when driving vehicles, working with moving gears, and exercising other potentially hazardous activities requiring increased concentration of attention and speed of psychomotor reactions.
The drug contains 8-11% ethanol. The content of absolute alcohol is: in 1 teaspoonful (5 ml) to 0.43 g, in 1 dessert spoon (10 ml) - up to 0.87 g, in 1 tablespoon (15 ml) - up to 1.3 g. In the maximum daily dose of the drug for adults - 3 tablespoons (45 ml) - contains up to 3.9 grams of absolute ethyl alcohol.
Indication for patients with diabetes mellitus: the content of sucrose in 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of the drug corresponds to approximately 0.32 XE, in 1 dessert spoon (10 ml) - approximately 0.64 XE; in 1 tablespoon - about 0.96 XE.
The drug should not be used simultaneously with antitussive drugs, as this makes it difficult to cough up thinned phlegm.
We picked up some reviews of people using syrup Pertussin:
- Katerina. As a child, I was given Perthussin myself, he was the most delicious medicine for me! Now I give it to my baby for 3.5 years. Helps quickly. True, it's hard we never got sick... fie-fie.
- Marina. When the child got cold, she often used Pertussin. I like the drug, my Sasha (2 years old) drank it with pleasure, there was never an allergy. I helped him on the third day. Most importantly - it's cheap.
- Diana. Pertussin already tested medicinal product for years, treated cough for children and took it herself. The preparation is of vegetable origin, a good expectorant and quickly removes the symptoms of cough, even very heavy and dry. It is necessary to pay tribute to the drug, pleasant to the taste, the children took it with pleasure, at least more willingly than other similar syrups. But there is one thing but, the drug contains alcohol and fructose, which, with prolonged use, still causes allergies.
For many patients, both adults and children, this drug really helped to get rid of the symptoms of dry cough with this without causing any adverse reactions or negative phenomena, and also not significantly affecting the family budget. Nevertheless, the choice of a medicine, even for the treatment of a "banal" cough, should remain the prerogative of the treating a doctor who is obliged to establish a correct diagnosis to the patient and prescribe effective therapy for him.
The combination of components of this drug is unique, and there are no synonyms among syrups on herbs.
There are similar to Pertussin on the nature of the action expectorant drugs, which also include herbal ingredients:
- Travisil (India) - syrup, tablets, solution, ointment;
- Kodelak Broncho (Russia) - tablets;
- Dr. Mom (India) - syrup;
- Amtersol (Russia) - syrup;
- Dr. Theiss (Germany) - syrup;
- Herbion (Slovenia) - syrup;
- Linkas Lor (Pakistan) - pastilles.
Before using analogues, consult your doctor.
Pectusin or Pertussin - which is better?
Both drugs are designed to facilitate the clearance of sputum from the bronchi, but Pectusin is produced only in tablets, which include menthol and eucalyptus extract. It is impossible to say which drug works best, because each person has a sensitivity to the components of medicines. People with diabetes are contraindicated in Pertussin, but pectusin tablets can be used. If a person has an allergic reaction to menthol or eucalyptus, then to facilitate the condition in diseases of ENT organs will help pertussin syrup.
Pectusin has fewer side effects, it can be taken by pregnant women, but it is contraindicated in children under 7 years of age. The lack of bromine salts makes Pectusin a safer drug than Pertussin, but the final decision to apply this or that medicine should be taken by the attending physician, you should not try to cure yourself of the ailments that affect the upper respiratory tract.
Storage conditions and shelf life
It is recommended to store the bottle with the syrup in a cool place, where direct sunlight does not reach. The opened bottle should be used within 6 months, if it did not happen, it is thrown out and if necessary open a new package.
The shelf life of the syrup is 24 months (sealed vial) from the production date.
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