1Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
- 1.1What is the basis of manual therapy
- 1.2What can help manual therapy?
- 1.3Indications for manual therapy
- 1.4How is the session?
- 1.5Behavior of the patient after the procedure
- 1.6Contraindications to the use of this method of treatment
- 1.7Complications after the procedure
- 1.8The Dangers of Manual Therapy
- 1.9How to choose a doctor?
- 1.10Prevention of osteochondrosis
2Manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis
- 2.1Manual therapy: recommendations and contraindications
- 2.2Effectiveness of cervical osteochondrosis treatment by manual therapy
- 2.3How is the session?
- 2.4Consequences and complications of manual therapy
3Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine:
- 3.1Preparing for the procedure
- 3.2Techniques used in manual therapy - mobilization
- 3.4Indications for treatment
- 3.5Manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis: contraindications
- 3.6Influence on the body
- 3.7How are sessions conducted?
- 3.8Possible complications
- 3.9Patient Reviews
4The effectiveness of manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis
- 4.1In what cases is manual therapy prescribed?
- 4.2What is the treatment?
- 4.3What should I remember?
- 4.4What gives manual therapy?
- 4.5Is manual therapy dangerous?
5Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
- 5.1Benefits and features of manual therapy
- 5.2Indications and contraindications
- 5.3The scheme of action and principles of manual therapy
Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
At present, there is practically no such person who would not be bothered by problems with the spine. This is no wonder, given the modern computer age.
Who is on duty, and who and at his own request is forced to sit for hours at the computer. Where here to avoid diseases of our main core. There are a huge number of methods and methods for treating such problems.
In this article, we will try to understand how manual therapy can be used for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
What is the basis of manual therapy
The physician chiropractor aims to restore the motor function and restore mobility between vertebrae.
When osteochondrosis, the nerve endings are jammed and the mobility of some parts of the spine is impaired.
With cervical osteochondrosis, such a pattern is observed in the cervical region.
If nothing is done, the sprain of the spine becomes more unstable, and this can lead to subluxation. Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical department aims to eliminate these problems.
The manual therapist uses several techniques:
- Mobilization relaxes the neck and shoulder girdle.
- Direct contact in the form of strokes, bends, bends and straightening has great advantages in the formation of joints and vertebrae.
- Indirect contact.
The doctor during the procedure affects various reflex zones, receptors located in the muscles, tendons, ligaments. Manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine helps not only relax the muscles of the neck and shoulder girdle, but also improve blood circulation, lymph flow.
What can help manual therapy?
According to statistics, almost more than half of office employees who are forced all day sit out for computers, paper suffer from cervical osteochondrosis, and in a fairly neglected form.
This disease brings a lot of health problems, so the main task of manual therapy is as follows:
- Release the jammed nerve endings.
- Restore the normal position of the spinal column.
- Increase the stability of the spine.
- Reduce pain in the neck.
- Remove headaches.
- Eliminate dizziness and all unpleasant sensations.
To help manual therapy, a complex of therapeutic gymnastics is appointed, which will help to bring the muscular system in order.
Indications for manual therapy
Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical indications is varied, most often it is prescribed under the following conditions:
- Painful sensations in the thoracic spine, which are given to the heart area, with a normal cardiogram.
- Pain in the cervical spine.
- Sharp pain in the lower back.
- Chronic inflammatory processes in the lumbar region.
- Protrusion of intervertebral discs.
- Intervertebral hernia.
- Syndrome of the lumbar artery.
- Vegetosovascular dystonia and many others.
Only a doctor prescribes such a procedure, and it is advisable that it be conducted by a real expert in your business, so as not to cause even greater harm to your health.
How is the session?
First of all, when the patient comes to the session, the doctor asks him to lie down on the couch. To all manipulations gave the maximum effect, you need to relax and breathe slowly and evenly.
Traumatologist with the help of hands carefully examines the condition of the spine, ligaments and muscles, as well as joints.
If a specialist has extensive experience in this matter, then he does not provide a large one without an X-ray labor to determine the place of the greatest clamping, inflammation, but it is better to go to the reception to the manual therapist already with pictures.
If there are problems with the spine, then manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical region is quite capable. The photo shows that for relaxation the doctor performs a light massage at the beginning of the session.
Gradually, all the movements become more tangible, the doctor presses the vertebrae harder, fixes them, makes turns of the patient's neck. At this time, the appearance of a crunch is considered normal. Usually, after this, the pain sensations become noticeably weaker.
Frequency of sessions depends on many factors and is appointed by the doctor. Usually the procedure will be repeated every 3-4 days, in some cases, when the patient perfectly tolerates the influence of the manual therapist on his spine, you can visit the office and every day.
It is necessary to remember, going to the reception, that the sessions can be quite painful, especially at the very beginning. Usually this phenomenon is short-lived, but if the pain is severe, it is difficult to bear, it is necessary to tell the doctor.
To increase the effectiveness of manual therapy, physiological procedures are often assigned simultaneously with it. Together, these methods of treatment give good results.
Behavior of the patient after the procedure
After the session, the patient should not immediately jump up and run home. The body needs rest, and the spine can be immobilized with a special corset.
All the slopes of the head, sharp movements and turns in the cervical region should be excluded. After the session, in some cases, there may be some increase in pain caused by exposure to the tissues. To remove it, you can take an anesthetic drug.
Contraindications to the use of this method of treatment
Despite of the big advantage, manual therapy at an osteochondrosis of a cervical contraindication department has the following:
- Old age.
- Presence of a tumor in the brain or spinal cord.
- Inflammatory processes of a non-specific nature in the spine, for example, tuberculosis spondylitis, rheumatism.
- Meningitis, encephalitis.
- After surgery on the spine.
- If there are fragments of hernias.
- The presence of acute infection.
- High blood pressure.
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases in the form of hepatitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis.
- A recent heart attack or stroke.
- Vascular diseases.
There are also relative contraindications, in which the use of manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is decided in each case individually.
- Exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis.
- The instability of some parts of the spine.
- Anomalies of the spinal column, for example, vertebra fissure, sacralization.
- Syndrome Forrest.
- 2 and 3 trimester of pregnancy.
- Fusion fractures of the spine.
A real expert will never hold a session if there are at least some contraindications.
Complications after the procedure
If you do not make a thorough diagnosis before going to the manual therapist, you can get various complications after the procedure, the most frequent can be the following:
- Hypermobility of the spine as a result of abnormally movable ligaments.
- Fracture of the spine.
- Ligament rupture.
If you do not have contraindications to the session, but during it you feel extreme pain, discomfort, and after all manipulations hurts the whole body and it is impossible to get up, then it is necessary to refuse the services of this doctor or discuss with him all your unpleasant Feel. Only in this way you can avoid many complications.
According to the survey, 15% after the procedure experienced dizziness, 5% - increased mobility of the spine, 22% - increased pain, 7% - progression of the disease.
Here what can give side effects manual therapy at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department. The pros and cons must be weighed before going to such a procedure.
The Dangers of Manual Therapy
Analyzing all the complications and undesirable consequences of manual therapy, we can conclude that this is not a panacea for all diseases, but rather roulette. Who is lucky to find an excellent specialist and go through all the procedures with benefit to the body, he will be one step closer to his recovery.
Currently, even in medical circles there is no unambiguous answer about the benefits and harms of such treatment.
The danger of manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical region is also fraught with the fact that the divorce is full of private clinics and medical centers, but this is not a guarantee that these professionals are working in them.
If there are pains in the back, do not rush to such doctors, it is better to go through a full diagnosis and find out the cause of the pains, and then already be engaged in treatment.
A real connoisseur of his own business with his hands can already determine the place with pathological processes and will choose the most appropriate methods for their elimination.
But an amateur in this matter and with small problems can do more harm to the body and aggravate the situation.
How to choose a doctor?
A manual therapist is the same doctor as any other. This specialization assumes an in-depth study of neurology, diagnostics and other sections of manual therapy.
When choosing a doctor, it is necessary to make sure that he has the qualification, confirmed by the certificate, and can use the techniques of manual influence.
Given that in educational institutions such specialists began to prepare no more than 10 years ago, it can be concluded that their number is not so large, so it's quite possible to run into a charlatan.
Manual therapy with cervical osteochondrosis reviews is positive only if the spine is practiced by a real professional.
Getting to such doctors, patients remain completely satisfied with the result and can confidently advise them to their friends and relatives.
Prevention of osteochondrosis
Do not need manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical department, if you are engaged in the prevention of this disease. It includes the following activities:
- Physical activity.
- Perform special exercises to strengthen the muscles of the neck.
- A diet with enough vitamins, minerals and proteins.
- To give up smoking.
- Periodic self-massage of the neck.
- Sleep on an orthopedic mattress and pillow.
- Regular passage of medical examinations.
If you adhere to these simple rules, then no osteochondrosis will not be terrible.
A source: http://.ru/article/211384/manualnaya-terapiya-pri-osteohondroze-sheynogo-otdela-pozvonochnika
Manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis
Session of manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis
Cervical osteochondrosis is a disease that occurs quite often.
In the risk group there are a lot of professions, especially, this applies to people engaged in sedentary work.
A sedentary lifestyle leads to the development and development of dystrophic changes in intervertebral discs in the cervical region.
All this is accompanied by pain and various side effects, for example, headache, dizziness, gait disturbances, and speech disorders. There are many options for therapy, and manual - one of them.
Manual therapy: recommendations and contraindications
Manual therapy is one of the leading medical directions.
This is a combination of diagnostic and non-pharmacological methods, the purpose of which is to identify and eliminate a number of diseases, including cervical osteochondrosis.
Manual therapy is recommended to prevent the occurrence of hernias, the development of scoliosis and radiculitis.
In fact, such therapy is known to people since ancient times. Over the centuries, new techniques have been developed, the effectiveness of which has been studied and proven. The use of manual therapy directly depends on a number of different factors and nuances.
At appointment of a course the expert will be guided by the age of the patient, the diagnosis, a feature of the structure of the body. The correct purpose is very beneficial for cartilage tissue, vertebrae and muscles.
Manual therapy in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is used in very many cases. But the appointment procedure can not apply to all patients without exception.
A very important factor is the mobility of the vertebral segments.
Manual type therapy is assigned when problems such as:
- defeat of the spine in the cervical region;
- problem with individual segments;
- intervertebral hernia;
- functional blockade of one degree or another.
There are also a number of factors in the presence of which manual therapy should be avoided. These include:
- infection at the stages of exacerbation;
- various inflammatory processes;
- diseases of the circulatory system;
- recent or recent trauma to the spine;
- the state of alcohol intoxication;
- arterial hypertension;
- postoperative period.
If there is at least one of the factors listed, the course of manual therapy should be postponed for a certain period. Otherwise, the consequences can be quite unpredictable. The specific consequences will be discussed a little further.
Effectiveness of cervical osteochondrosis treatment by manual therapy
The main initial purpose of manual therapy is the removal of pain in osteochondrosis and its pathology
The proven effectiveness of manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis is very high.
In order for any effect to be maximum, it is extremely important to have sessions with a really experienced specialist with very high qualifications.
The duration of the course directly depends on the severity of the course of the disease, as well as on individual characteristics and a number of attendant factors.
After treatment with manual therapy, the following results can be expected from a professional:
- complete and partial restoration of lost mobility;
- restoration of affected tissues;
- pain reduction or complete elimination;
- decrease in dizziness, headaches and tinnitus;
- complete elimination of numbness;
- restoration of the full volume of motor functions of the cervical region and shoulders;
- getting rid of muscle tension.
Diagnosis is the very first stage of therapy. It allows you to identify where the movement is restricted in the problem area. Manual therapy makes it possible to eliminate these limitations completely. Otherwise, this is called "remove the block."
Pathologies of the cervical spine cause acute severe pain. The main initial purpose of manual therapy is the removal of these pains. However, among the additional positive effects should be noted the possibility of regulation of the internal organs.
This is due to the maximum activation of the autonomic nervous system, due to the effect on the endings of nerve fibers. Manual therapy is not able to eliminate osteophytes or to build up cartilage tissue. But the mobility after the sessions increases many times.
How is the session?
As already mentioned above, manual therapy is one of the oldest methods of treating the spine. And the techniques developed over many years of application of this practice, has become very much.
Correct development of the technique in a particular case will have a very beneficial effect on the vertebrae, joints, and muscles in the affected area.
There are several basic methods of manual therapy:
- relaxing and segmental massage;
As for massage, it helps warm up and knead muscles of the neck. Mobilization are special actions, the purpose of which is the restoration of all the functions of the joints and their full mobility. The actions are performed using the techniques of spinal traction.
Another method is manipulation. This is a forced action, which is performed in order to restore the working capacity of the joints in full. This procedure is not very pleasant in its feelings. Some patients, she scares a characteristic crunch.
To conduct manual therapy professionals are allowed, owning machinery in perfect perfection. Even the slightest movement can lead to the patient becoming disabled. But every therapist-specialist has his own view of the procedure.
Usually the standard session is conducted according to a certain scheme.
After the problem area has been discovered, the therapist begins by easing the tension of the muscles and ligaments surrounding the affected area.
For this, a massage technique or post-isometric relaxation is used.
Manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis of the cervical department of video
Then the patient is asked to turn in the right direction and lie down at a certain angle.
In this position, the joints located between the vertebrae occupy the so-called border position. One specialist fixes the affected segment.
With the help of another hand, pressure is applied to the body in certain parts.
Properly performing the procedure is guaranteed to bring relief. At the very end of the session, the muscles are further developed.
The patient receives a number of important recommendations that directly relate to compliance with the regime.
It is not necessary to wait from manual therapy of complete disposal of the disease, it only facilitates movement and relieves pain.
Consequences and complications of manual therapy
The most important pathology of the cervical department is hypermobility. All existing techniques are aimed at its elimination.
One of the most common methods is when the patient tilts his head slightly forward, and one of his arms clasps his head in the crown of the crown. The second hand should rest on the chin from the opposite side.
After that it is necessary to rotate the head, reaching the maximum motor amplitude, and shake your head in the direction of rotation.
This is one of the classic techniques. However, during its implementation, some side effects and complications may occur. At rough execution can arise:
- muscle or ligament rupture;
- acute circulatory disturbance;
- fracture of the cervical vertebrae.
The remaining known methods of manual therapy can lead to a number of no less significant consequences. But all of them must be necessarily minimized.
For this, the courses must be under the full control of a professional chiropractor.
Otherwise, you can achieve such complications as:
- increased mobility of the spine;
- fractures of the ribs, vertebra processes, bones;
- infringement of the intervertebral hernia;
- ischemic stroke;
- muscle or ligament rupture;
- blocking or displacing the vertebrae.
Photo gallery of the consequences of manual therapy
Acute disruption of blood circulationDisturbance of muscles or ligamentsLateral vertebra of the cervical departmentInsulction of the ischemic type Displacement of the vertebrae
Manual therapy is a fairly safe practice.
The risk of manifestation of each of the listed consequences is very unlikely. But still you should know about the possible consequences.
Their manifestation depends on a number of individual factors, as well as on the skills of the chiropractor.
Ruslan, 49 years old:For me, manual therapy was the only remedy that acted and gave real relief. After several sessions, I began to see significant improvements. At least the fact that I was able to move normally with my hands already pleased.
Elena, 57 years old:I went to the manual therapist, when the neck began to hurt very much. No pills helped, ointments and creams too.
I went to see the manual man, after the second time the pain almost completely stopped, and I began to feel considerable relief. I feel fine.
Olga, 35 years old:I was relieved after several sessions. But I did a great nonsense - I stopped the sessions.
Pain and low mobility resumed. I returned to my doctor, and we achieved results again, but now I did not make such breaks.
A few months have passed and now everything is in order.
Oleg, 50 years old:Only manual therapy could help me! I had very big difficulties with the neck, and these difficulties were accompanied by pain. After the course of therapy again feel full.
A source: http://OsteohondrozInfo.com/vidy/shejnyj/manualnaya-terapiya
Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine:
Today, one of the most common ailments in the world is osteochondrosis, including the cervical department. Serious anxiety of doctors is caused by the fact that this disease is steadily getting younger. More and more quite young people complain of manifestations of this disease.
This disease, as a rule, develops in people leading a sedentary lifestyle. It is manifested by degeneration of intervertebral discs. Now many effective methods of treating this disease have been developed.
Manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical region is justifiably considered one of the most effective methods of treatment. Its effectiveness is proved by numerous reviews of patients and specialists.
Manual therapy (with osteochondrosis of the cervical part including) puts the main task before the therapist - it is necessary to return mobility to the vertebrae.
This method of treatment exists a very long time ago.
In the history of manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine has been replenished with new, more advanced and effective techniques.
All of them have a beneficial effect on the tissues, muscles, joints and vertebrae of the affected area. The application of various techniques depends on a number of factors: the constitution of the body, the age of the patient, and his precise diagnosis.
Preparing for the procedure
Before the sessions, the doctor collects as much information as possible about the patient's disease.
He is prescribed a roentgen of the spine, trying to figure out how far the negative process has gone.
Electromyography is performed to determine the state of peripheral muscles and nerve endings.
An experienced highly qualified doctor will certainly appoint a patient to study the spinal column with a special device - a goniometer.
In this case, it is especially important to confirm the nature of the pain syndrome: patients with such chronic pathology in the orthopedic surgeon are observed for more than one year.
It is necessary to establish the systemic nature of the disease (negative processes affect all parts of the spine).
For a specialist, it is important to find out whether the deterioration is associated with a change of weather, hypothermia, whether there was a history of trauma that could provoke functional blockades.
Only when the full picture of the spinal column is obtained, possible changes in the adjacent areas of the cervical area, the doctor can determine whether the patient is allowed manual therapy or not.
Techniques used in manual therapy - mobilization
This technique involves special movements to restore the lost functions of the spine.
In addition, the therapist conducts his passive mobilization, relaxing and segmental massage.
A competent effect on the seals that have appeared in the muscle tissues, the massaging of especially stressed areas allows to weaken the general tension in the muscles.
Relaxation and warming up, different types of massage eliminate hypertonia, which is a provoking factor of headaches and discomfort in the spine.
Excellent results allow to achieve manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical region.
Sessions last from half an hour to an hour, the strength of the pressure of the fingers varies from minimal to quite appreciable, causing painful sensations.
To achieve the maximum effect of the procedure, the doctor rubs, kneads the affected areas, strokes them, palms out vibrating movements on the affected area.
To restore the efficiency of the damaged spine, the manual therapist has a special effect on him.
Admittedly, this is a rather unpleasant procedure, the doctor's actions are accompanied by a crunch of cartilage and bone tissue, which often causes fright in patients.
In this case, the effect is not on the muscles, but on a deeper focus of the lesion.
Thus, manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical region is carried out. How many sessions are needed to heal? Only your PCP can answer this question. It depends on how the disease is treatable.
The doctor takes into account all the positive changes in the problem area.
In the course of ongoing manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical section, the doctor acts on the nerve endings and zones reflex activity, thereby he manages not only to relax the muscles, but also to improve blood circulation and normalize the outflow lymphatic fluid.
In addition, pinched roots and nerves are released.
Only the highest-level specialist who knows the anatomy of the spine and neurological diseases in perfection, who is ideally proficient in manual techniques, should conduct the above methods. Patients should be aware that the slightest mistake of an inexperienced person can lead to very serious consequences.
Indications for treatment
Manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine (reviews and comments of specialists confirm this) can be prescribed only after a complete diagnosis of the patient. This will determine the nature of the damage. Only after this treatment is prescribed.
Indications for the appointment of such procedures may be different, but most often they are recommended for the following conditions:
- pain in the heart and thoracic spine with normal cardiogram;
- diagnosed osteochondrosis;
- functional block with a complicated outflow of lymph and edema;
- hernia of intervertebral discs;
- low back pain;
- lesions of the spine (traumas that do not allow for massage);
Manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis: contraindications
There are many factors, in the presence of which you can not resort to the services of a chiropractor. These include:
- infection in the period of exacerbation;
- inflammatory processes;
- fresh spinal injuries;
- diseases of the circulatory system;
- alcoholic intoxication;
- high blood pressure;
- postoperative period.
If the patient has at least one of these, manual therapy for osteochondrosis is postponed for a certain period or is canceled. Otherwise, you can get unpredictable consequences, which we will talk about a little later.
Receiving a referral to the manual therapist, the patient must tell the orthopedist or traumatologist about all of their chronic diseases, problems with internal organs, infectious diseases, pregnancy. Without taking into account contraindications, manual therapy (cervical department) can cause very serious consequences. Treatment can have the opposite effect.
Influence on the body
According to statistics, more than half of all office workers suffer from this disease. Moreover, in most of them the disease is in neglected form.
Of the main positive effects, which is different treatment with this method - a momentary removal of pain. In addition, this method has a beneficial effect on the general condition of the patient, and some unpleasant symptoms are completely eliminated:
- released jammed nerve endings;
- restoration of the functionality of joint tissues and joints;
- the pain in the neck region decreases or completely disappears;
- improves blood circulation;
- the metabolism is normalized, not only on the affected area, but also in the body as a whole;
- disappear accompanying the disease symptoms (dizziness, headache, tinnitus).
It is impossible not to say about the change in the appearance of patients after the course of sessions - corrected posture, a person begins to walk easily and freely, there are many problems that tormented him during the period of exacerbation disease.
Since the cervical section is inextricably linked with the thoracic, it is quite natural that the defeat of one severely entails the deformation of the other.
It is for this reason that manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis (patient feedback allows us to state this) is an effective preventive tool for such an ailment with the thoracic department.
How are sessions conducted?
If, after all the studies and diagnosis made, the patient is prescribed a course of manual therapy, then the treatment is as follows:
- The patient lays down on a special couch, turning his head to the side.
- Breathing should be uniform and slow.
- The manual therapist examines the condition of the spine, muscles, joints, ligaments with his hands. An experienced doctor will easily identify the place of pinching, but he will necessarily study the results of all studies.
Initially, the patient is given a light massage to relax the neck muscles. Gradually the smooth and soft movements of the hands become more distinct and sharp.
The specialist pushes the cervical vertebrae quite hard, directing them into place. At sharp turns of a neck the characteristic crunching is distributed. It indicates that the vertebrae become in their place.
Usually, after such manipulations, the pain sensations decrease or disappear completely.
To achieve a stable result, the patient should receive several sessions, usually for twenty days. The duration of treatment, frequency of visits is prescribed by a doctor. He also evaluates the results of treatment, explains the rules of behavior between the procedures of the patient.
It's no secret that even experienced specialists can make mistakes in choosing methods of treatment for a particular patient.
It is important for the doctor to relate the pain syndrome to each movement, to determine unmistakably the localization of the focus, which provokes discomfort.
Incorrect effects on the spine can provoke very dangerous complications:
- hypermobility of the spine;
- infringement of the intervertebral hernia;
- the strongest pain syndrome;
- rupture of muscle tissue or ligaments;
- displacement or blockage of vertebrae;
- ischemic stroke.
The higher the qualification of the doctor, the more factors taken into account during the examination, the lower the risk of negative reactions and spinal lesions during procedures.
Patients suffering from this serious disease, believe that the effectiveness of treatment by 95% depends on the qualifications and experience of the doctor.
Having fallen into an experienced manual therapist, patients note a very rapid improvement in the condition: headaches cease for a long time, the tension of the muscles of the shoulder and back area decreases, it returns to the norm of AD, the mobility of the affected department is restored the spine.
Fortunately, negative reviews are much less common, although they clearly demonstrate all the complexity of these procedures and the importance of referring only to experienced, well-established specialists.
A source: https://www.syl.ru/article/322098/manualnaya-terapiya-pri-osteohondroze-sheynogo-otdela-pozvonochnika
The effectiveness of manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis
Manual therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is often prescribed. What is the reason for its wide use?
Osteochondrosis of the spine is a structural lesion of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs. The cartilaginous tissue thickens, becoming similar in properties to bone. In addition to the vertebral column, the muscles and arteries adjacent to the affected area are also damaged.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region occurs most often in people with inactive work, which neglect charging and other types of warm-up.
This disease is characterized by dizziness, migraines, noise in the ears. Often, such symptoms as pain in the muscles of the neck from touch, giving in the hand, clicks when turning or tilting the head.
In what cases is manual therapy prescribed?
Manual therapy with cervical osteochondrosis is not always prescribed.
Much depends on the area of the lesion, the age, the constitution of the patient's body and other significant factors, so before choosing method of treatment, the doctor appoints a detailed examination using radiography, tomography, laboratory studies and other methods.
But there are also contraindications, such as:
- exacerbation of infectious diseases;
- inflammatory processes;
- period of rehabilitation after surgery;
- fresh injuries;
- the state of alcohol intoxication;
- arterial hypertension;
- disk myelopathy;
- blood diseases, etc.
If one of these factors is present, other methods of treatment are used, since manual therapy in this situation will do more harm than good.
This type of treatment is usually prescribed by an orthopedist or neurologist. Without a doctor's recommendation, or at least his advice, it's better not to apply to manuals.
What is the treatment?
This type of therapy is often confused with a massage, as external methods of influence are similar. However, do not forget that the manual therapist affects the body much deeper. In addition to muscle tissue, it affects the work of the spine.
Another feature of therapy is the use of a combination of techniques at the same time.
The first of them is a massage, the purpose of which is to relieve tension.
The second technique is called mobilization, and it is aimed at restoring the functions of the damaged part of the spine passively, allowing you to get used to the load and the correct position.
The third technique consists in sharp actions of the doctor, directed on restoration of mobility. This technique usually scares the patients most, as often accompanied by a loud crunch.
What should I remember?
First of all, do not forget that manual therapy is a very complicated kind of treatment, and the slightest error in its process can lead to irreversible consequences up to disability. Therefore, it is better to choose experienced specialists in this field.
A sudden cure after the first procedure should not be expected: changes in the tissues of the spine are formed over the years and are irreversible.
Manual therapy is primarily aimed at removing symptoms of the disease, and the optimal course is calculated based on the individual characteristics of the patient.
The duration of it can vary from a week to 2-3 months.
In addition, it should be remembered that the best results are complex treatment and limited to one manual therapy is not worth it. LFK, physiotherapy, massage and medication in combination with it will give a much better result.
What gives manual therapy?
With cervical osteochondrosis manual therapy allows us to achieve significant improvements:
- Part or all of the pain is eliminated.
- Part or all of the mobility is restored in the damaged parts of the spine.
- The tissues in the lesions are often restored.
- Noises in the ears, migraines and dizziness disappear.
- Mobility in the back and neck significantly increases.
- The muscle tension in the cervical and spinal sections disappears.
- Partially or completely eliminate orthopedic defects of the spine.
- Improves blood circulation.
However, if the patient has fallen into the hands of an inexperienced manual, complications such as:
- Displacement of vertebrae or hypermobility of the spine.
- Injury of intervertebral hernia.
- Rupture or stretching of muscles and ligaments.
- Stroke (ischemic).
Is manual therapy dangerous?
Officially appeared this method of treatment not so long ago, but already managed to gain popularity and received numerous positive reviews.
When addressing a good specialist, the risk of getting complications is small, but such amazing results in solving problems with the spine, other methods of treatment do not. It is enough only to follow the recommendations and not expose yourself to vain risk.
A qualified manual therapist works extremely cautiously. It is worth remembering that it can not move intervertebral discs or remove salt deposits.
Its task is to restore mobility and blood supply. Reverse statements from the doctor, to which the patient decided to apply, should be alerted.
In this case it is better to find another specialist.
A source: https://OrtoCure.ru/pozvonochnik/osteohondroz/manualnaya-terapiya-dlya-shei.html
Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is included in the set of necessary measures, helping to eliminate pain, to remove inflammation, to return mobility of joints, to suspend deformation processes.
This procedure requires professional skills and caution, since mechanical effects can lead to complications.
The specialist not only provides a curative effect, but also performs diagnostics with the help of hands.
In the process of studying the technique, doctors developed a whole complex of different techniques.
Benefits and features of manual therapy
The spine undergoes great stress throughout life. In all its areas, especially the cervical department, is entrusted with an important function - to carry out rotational movements: head movements, maintaining posture, tilting.
With changes in the joints, deformations occur that force the body to develop a protective mechanism. In places of damage, osteophytes begin to form - bone growths that bring pain. The more spines grow, the more mobility disappears.
They act on soft tissues, ligaments and muscles, touch them, bringing discomfort and inflammation.
If we confine ourselves to traditional medicamental treatment, the symptomatology returns after a short period of time.
Complex approach, including special exercises, physiotherapy and manual therapy for osteochondrosis cervical spine, is able to eliminate not only signs, but also effectively combats the causes disease.
To conduct the course of treatment is entitled to a doctor who is well versed in orthopedics, neurology and traumatology, neurophysiology, and passed special courses. An essential advantage of the technique is that it makes it possible to get a high result in a short time.
After the first session, the pain syndrome disappears, there is lightness in the body, posture is formed. At the end of the full course, the motor functions are restored, plasticity returns, strength in muscles and elasticity of ligaments.
The tasks of manual therapy are as follows:
- elimination of orthopedic defects;
- removal of inflammation;
- improvement of blood circulation and metabolic processes;
- liberation of strangulated nerve endings;
- return of muscle tone;
- restoration of free mobility;
- elimination of hypodynamia;
- prevention of the development of the disease.
Procedures are strictly forbidden to conduct at the time of exacerbation, which the doctor will necessarily put the patient in notice. The effect will increase many times, if the massage joins the massage of the head, arms and shoulder girdle.
Indications and contraindications
Manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis is prescribed in the following cases:
- pain in the first stage of the pathology, accompanied by blockade;
- discomfortable sensations at 2 and 3 degrees, with the presence of a neurologic syndrome;
- vegetative and visceral symptoms;
- dystrophic changes, characteristic for people in old age;
- with intervertebral hernias of the cervical region;
- with the defeat of individual segments of the spine in the neck.
It is forbidden to prescribe manual therapy for certain diseases and conditions:
- oncological pathologies;
- severe injuries;
- inflammatory and infectious processes;
The presence of infectious processes is a contraindication
- myelopathy of the discs;
- scoliosis of 3 and 4 degrees;
- in the period of rehabilitation after surgery;
- serious diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
The scheme of action and principles of manual therapy
The appearance of pain is usually preceded by mechanical changes. A doctor who conducts manual therapy with cervical osteochondrosis considers individual approach to each person to be the main rule.
Before the procedure begins, the age of the patient, his condition, and the presence of concomitant diseases are taken into account. The course consists of 5-10 sessions.
Traditionally, a six-month pause is required, but this period may vary in one direction or the other, at the discretion of the specialist.
The treatment uses several effective techniques, including a number of techniques. This removal of joints, muscles and ligaments into a new position to solve the problem of mobility. Jogging, rhythmic movements are used. The blows are punched on the fingers, superimposed on the vertebrae.
The second stage is the alternation of relaxing and energy receptions. This requires the help of the patient. First, the professional makes efforts to strain the muscles, then conducts relaxation exercises.
Distraction is the next step, involving flexion and stretching. Defective damages are eliminated by the smooth pressing movements of the hands.
In conclusion, the doctor makes acupressure to eliminate the densification and relaxing, stroking effects.
The doctor can apply all the techniques in one session or alternate them. It depends on the diagnosis and the degree of change.
In some cases, for example, for elderly people, instrumental techniques are connected, implying punctures in which medications are administered.
Session of manual therapy
Manual therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical region is one of the effective ways to restore mobility, and to remove the pain from the affected cervical vertebrae.
Procedures are conducted only by an experienced doctor, taking into account the patient's characteristics and possible contraindications. To fix the result, the specialist appoints therapeutic gymnastics after the course.
Thanks to the skillful hands of the doctor, joints restore mobility, soreness recedes and spasm disappears.
A source: http://artroz-plus.ru/manualnaya-terapiya-pri-osteohondroze-shejnogo-otdela-pozvonochnika