With diseases of the gallbladder there are many people. Most often they develop chronic cholecystitis, which begins due to malnutrition, lifestyle, stress, etc. The disease can develop in adult patients and in children. We will talk about the symptoms of chronic cholecystitis and its treatment.
- Chronic cholecystitis, what is it?
- Symptoms of the disease
- Exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis symptoms and treatment
- Chronic cholecystitis in children
- Home Treatment
- Treatment with medicines
- Treatment with folk remedies
How is cholecystitis manifested in women? Acute cholecystitis about symptoms, treatment and types How to treat an exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis? Cholecystitis of the gallbladder: principles of diet We treat chronic cholecystitis at home
Chronic cholecystitis, what is it?
The disease occurs as a result of exposure to the human body of viruses, bacteria and parasites. Therefore, it has an infectious nature. The disease can be calculous and non-calculous. In the latter case, during the course of the pathology, there is a presence of stones in the gallbladder.
Important!The inflammatory process can have a catarrhal or purulent form. If pathology worsens, then this can lead to the development of destructive forms.
During the course of the stoneless form of the disease, the localization of the inflammatory process is observed in the region of the neck of the bladder. During the development of the disease, the walls of the gallbladder become inflamed. In the lumen of the organ, gallstones can form. With untimely medical treatment of pathology, surgical intervention to remove the gallbladder can be performed. The disease can occur in any age group. Most often it is diagnosed in patients whose age ranges from 40 to 60 years.
Symptoms of the disease
The manifestation of symptoms is observed in the period of exacerbation. In the absence of chronic cholecystitis, the patient has painful sensations in the region of the right hypochondrium. The nature of pain is blunt, aching and bursting. Pain lasts for several days, or even a couple of weeks. They appear or increase in the event that the patient takes fatty foods or alcoholic beverages. Calculous cholecystitis is characterized by pronounced pain, which in its manifestation resembles colic.
When the disease develops, a certain group of patients complains of the appearance of a taste of metal in the mouth. The pathological condition can manifest itself as:
- constipation, sharply turning into diarrhea;
- belching with air;
- disturbances of appetite.
Patients with this diagnosis become excessively irritable, they have sleep disorders. Absolutely for all patients, general weakness is characteristic. In certain cases, the body temperature rises.
Important!On the types, symptoms and treatment of acute cholecystitis, you can find out here.
The most common pathology occurs as a result of the influence of streptococci, staphylococci, E. coli on the human body. In some cases, the disease occurs as a result of the effects of fungi, helminths, viruses. Predisposed to the onset of the disease are those patients who are diagnosed with congenital deformity of the gallbladder.
Cholecystitis can develop with tumors of organs that are located near the gallbladder. It can be formed as a result of a sedentary lifestyle or pathological processes. The appearance of the disease can result in an improper diet.
Exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis symptoms and treatment
Exacerbation of the disease in patients is manifested by pain syndrome, dyspepsia, skin itching, weakness, irritability, increased fatigue. If there is such a symptomatology, the patient should seek help from a doctor.
In some cases, patients are prescribed drugs that reduce muscle tone or pain medication. During the exacerbation, you need to drink as much fluids as possible and stick to the diet.
Important!On how cholecystitis manifests in women, read on the pages of our site.
Chronic cholecystitis in children
Pathological condition can occur in juvenile patients. Symptoms in children are manifested in the same way as in adults. The treatment is carried out in a hospital.
- In chronic cholecystitis, children are prescribed antibacterial drugs and zubiotics.
- Within a month, small patients need to take cholagogue preparations. During treatment, patients are shown bed rest.
- Children are prescribed a diet, which is dominated by food products with choleretic effect.
To improve the function of the liver, doctors prescribe small metabolic complexes to small patients. After discharge of children from the clinic they are advised to repeat the treatment on a regular basis.
Many people do not have the opportunity to stay in the hospital. In this case, treatment can be done at home after consultation with the doctor. Since the main cause of the disease is the infectious process, the patient should take antibiotics. If he has strong pain, then an appointment of antispasmodics is prescribed.
Attention!If the patient has an exacerbation, then it is not recommended to take food during the first few days.
Next, a person must adhere to a diet. During this period he needs to drink as much liquid as possible. Depending on the capabilities of the patient, he must remain in a lying position. To increase the effect, traditional medicine can be used.
Important!Learn about the treatment and symptoms of cholecystitis in adults can be found in our article.
Treatment with medicines
Treatment of the disease with medicines directly depends on the characteristics of its course. If it is produced during the period of exacerbation, then the main task of doctors is to remove symptoms and eliminate the pathogenetic reactions of the disease. Treatment in the period of remission is to prevent exacerbations.
Treatment of chronic cholecystitis requires an integrated approach. For this it is necessary to receive:
- antibiotics (Metranidozole, Ciprofloxacin, Biseptol, etc.);
- antispasmodics (Drotaverina, Pitofenon, Papaverin);
- cholagogue preparations (Allochol, Nikodin, Ursosan);
- sedative drugs (tinctures of the Motherwort or Valeriana);
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Baralgina, Spazgan);
- antiemetic drugs (Cerucal, Diprazin);
- polyenzymatic preparations (Pancreatin, Festal);
- propulsants for stimulation of peristalsis (Domperidon).
Important!It is interesting to know which doctor heals cholecystitis? Read with us.
Treatment of a patient with traditional medicine should consist in the admission of all groups of medicines. Otherwise, its effectiveness will significantly decrease.
Treatment with folk remedies
Faradization of the disease with the help of folk remedies is aimed at eliminating the causes of its appearance. Treatment of chronic cholecystitis using folk remedies should be performed only if the patient does not experience an exacerbation.
Important!If there are stones in the gall bladder, it is forbidden to take folk remedies in the form of warmers. Also during this period, you can not use laxatives.
Herbal decoctions and infusions are most often used for faradization of the disease. If chronic cholecystitis is not of an infectious nature, then it is quite possible to improve the condition of the patient with the help of folk remedies.
Some of the people ask if it is possible to cure this disease forever. No, for today in it is powerless not only folk, but also traditional therapy.
Before using herbs for the treatment of chronic cholecystitis, it is necessary to read the contraindications. The most effective in the faradization of the disease are such herbs as immortelle, mint, parsley, corn stigmas. Of these components for the patients are prepared decoctions, the reception of which is carried out inside.
Many patients ask how to treat cholecystitis with the help of folk remedies? To do this, it is necessary to properly prepare medicines and strictly adhere to the use of their components.
Effective in faradisation of chronic cholecystitis is a collection of such herbs as tansy, cattail, dandelion, peppermint, celandine, linseed. Herbs are brewed in a ratio of 1: 2 and taken 3 times a day.
Important!If you correctly adhere to the proportion of preparation of the medicine, then the effect of its effect will be really high.
Proper nutrition is the key to success in the treatment of chronic cholecystitis. For this, the patient needs to know what can be eaten, and what is not allowed? The patient needs to eat a full and varied food.
- you need daily intake of proteins, mineral salts, carbohydrates and vitamins;
- protein is found in bread, fish, meat, dairy products. All of them are resolved with chronic cholecystitis;
- Preparation of meat or fish dishes should be done by steam or water cooking.
Important!On the principles of diet for cholecystitis of the gallbladder, you can find out here.
Before cooking meat from it, you need to remove the fat as carefully as possible. The patient is allowed during the period of illness to consume vegetables and fruits that do not cause allergic reactions. You can eat in this period omelettes, soups, mashed potatoes, jelly. Food should be prepared carefully, and before use, wipe.
During a period of exacerbation, the patient is strictly forbidden to eat broths, as they contain extractives that irritate the liver. When a pathological condition of the disease occurs, the consumption of salt by the patient must be minimized. It is forbidden to eat fatty and fried foods.
The diet consists not only in rational selection of products, but also in the correct diet. The patient should eat as little as possible, but at least 6 times a day.
Preventive measures of the disease consist in preventing its aggravation. To this end, the patient must adhere to a diet. In the presence of concomitant pathologies or dyskinesia of the gallbladder, their treatment is performed. The patient must protect himself from hypodynamia. Do not also overcool and experience stressful situations.