Inflammation: symptoms in adults and children
- Croupous inflammation
- Chlamydial inflammation
Among the most dangerous diseases of the respiratory system in the first place is pneumonia. Inflammation of the lungs occurs in people regardless of age and can cause serious disruption to the body and even death.
Pneumonia is classified according to a number of signs:
According to the etiological sign, the disease occurs:
According to clinical and morphological manifestations, the disease can be:
In the course of the disease, pneumonia is distinguished as:
- acute prolonged;
In the spread of the inflammatory process, pneumonia happens:
Inflammation of the lungs in adults occurs by infection of the alveoli and bronchial epithelium.The development of the disease occurs within 2 - 3 days, after which there are symptoms on which it is possible to diagnose pneumonia.
The disease often occurs against the background of a weakening of the defenses of the body.
This can contribute to the following factors: hormonal changes in the body, frequent colds, malnutrition, constant intoxication.
Symptoms of pneumonia in adults are almost always similar to the appearance of a cold or flu.
If the high body temperature lasts more than 5 days and does not decrease with the use of paracetamol, you can suspect the presence of pneumonia.
The main manifestations of pneumonia are:
- increased body temperature;
- cough, at first the disease is dry, with development - with abundant phlegm;
- increased fatigue, weakness;
- fear caused by lack of air;
- pain in the chest.
Depending on the type of pathogen, the symptoms of pneumonia are acute or occasionally. It is very important to determine the presence of a serious disease on time, and begin treatment. It is not always the usual examination of a doctor can reveal pneumonia. To clarify the diagnosis, you need an additional examination in a medical facility.
It is especially difficult to determine the latent or chronic form of pneumonia. And yet an experienced doctor can diagnose it according to the following symptoms:
- the appearance of a patchy blush on the cheeks;
- sweat on the forehead with a slight load;
- constant thirst;
- the occurrence of pain in the chest when turning the body;
- painful sensations with deep breath;
- uneven, intermittent breathing;
- frequent pulse.
Inflammation of the lungs in adults and children varies in risk factors. The disease develops for the following reasons:
- weakened immune system;
- alcohol abuse;
- diseases of the bronchopulmonary system;
- frequent colds;
- poor-quality food;
- general anesthesia during surgical interventions;
- endocrine diseases;
- heart failure;
- old age;
- forced prolonged immobility.
- supercooling or overheating;
- frequent acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis and other diseases of the respiratory system;
- birth trauma;
- Congenital heart defect;
- hereditary immunodeficiency;
- chronic foci of infection in the nasopharynx.
In children and adults, the symptoms of pneumonia also have differences. In a child, they are usually the least pronounced.
- If for an adult a high body temperature is a frequent symptom, then in children, pneumonia is not necessarily accompanied by fever. Sometimes children endure this disease, as they say, "on their feet."
- With the development of pneumonia caused by streptococcal infection, children do not develop fibrin in the cavities of the alveoli. Thanks to this, after recovery, breathing is fully restored.
- Symptoms of pneumonia in children are often similar to those that appear at the initial stage of bronchitis: dry cough, hoarseness.
- A loose stool, a lack of appetite, a frequent cough, a blue around the mouth against a catarrhal disease or inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx - a good reason for examining the child for pneumonia.
- Cough is the main symptom of the disease in both children and adults.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia in adults: symptoms of croupous inflammationPathogens - streptococcus, staphylococcus, pneumococcus, Klebsiella. The inflammatory process occurs both in the whole lobe of the lung, so in its segments. The onset of the disease is acute: high fever, chills.
The development of the disease occurs in four stages.
- Stage of the tide. There is a sharp hyperemia of the lung tissue and the patency of the capillaries in the affected areas is impaired.
- Stage of red curing. The number of leukocytes in the alveoli increases. The affected lung becomes denser.
- The stage of gray curing. In the lumens of the alveoli, a large amount of fibrin accumulates, which complicates the process of gas exchange in the lungs.
- The resolution stage. Degraded infiltrate in the alveoli.
Symptoms of croupous pneumonia:
- increase in body temperature up to 40 Celsius;
- confusion of consciousness;
- Rusty sputum;
- pain in the chest.
Symptoms of viral pneumonia in adults
It develops against the background of viral infectious diseases. Pathogens - influenza viruses, parainfluenza, measles, chicken pox, adenovirus. Symptoms are similar to the manifestation of colds:
- high body temperature;
- severe headache;
- shortness of breath;
- pain in the chest;
- nausea, vomiting;
- pain in the muscles;
Possible bloody discharge or pus in sputum.
Symptoms of radical inflammation of the lungs in adults
Pathogens - staphylococcus, pneumococcus, hemophilic rod. The peculiarity of the ailment lies in the fact that it is difficult to diagnose. The disease has 2 forms: tumorous - proceeds imperceptibly and slowly; inflammatory - manifests itself quickly.
The main symptoms are:
- sore throat;
- increased body temperature;
- an increase in leukocytes in the blood.
For the diagnosis of this type of pneumonia, an X-ray scan is required.
Symptoms of Chlamydial Inflammation of the Lung in Adults
The causative agent is chlamydia. Most often affect the genitourinary system of the body of men and women. Chlamydia pneumonia is atypical and occurs mainly in children. In adults, it can develop against a background of reduced immunity. It is similar in appearance to an ordinary cold.
The main symptoms are:
- the temperature rises to 37.5 - 38 Celsius;
- a sharp sharp cough;
- strong weakness;
- a hoarse voice;
- can develop into bronchitis.
Symptoms of fungal inflammation of the lungs in adults
The disease was provoked by fungal infections: candidomycosis, blastomycosis, streptotrichosis, actinomycosis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis. The most dangerous pneumonia, as it is very difficult to diagnose. The patient may not even suspect the presence of fungal inflammation of the lungs. Fungi damage the lung tissue, forming cavities in it.
The main symptoms are:
- fast fatiguability;
- presence of pus in sputum;
- muscle pain.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia in older adults?
- there is no acute onset of the disease;
- the temperature is raised slightly;
- drowsiness, weakness, apathy;
- significant shortness of breath;
- a blush on one cheek;
- painful sensations in the chest during breathing.
The development of pneumonia in this category of persons can be accompanied by concomitant diseases:
- emphysema of the lungs;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Especially dangerous is the development of pneumonia in acute vascular insufficiency. In this case, emergency care is needed, since there is a possibility of septic shock and pulmonary edema.
Inflammation of the lungs in people with alcohol dependence
People who are prone to excessive drinking alcoholic inflammation is particularly difficult.This is due to strong intoxication of the body. Possible manifestation of various psychoses:
- visual and auditory hallucinations;
- disorientation in space and time;
- excessive overexcitation;
- inadequate behavior.
Chronic form of pneumonia occurs if the disease is treated in an untimely and inappropriate manner. It is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- a cough with purulent discharge;
- deformation of the chest;
- hard breathing;
- inflammation of the nasopharynx and mouth;
- changes in blood composition;
- decreased immunity;
- intoxication of the body.
Treatment of pneumonia in adults
In most cases of pneumonia, the doctor diagnoses on the basis of the clinical picture of the patient's illness and the X-ray.
In some cases, we can talk about the etiology of the disease before carrying out the relevant bacteriological studies.
Depending on what kind of pneumonia, symptoms and treatment in adults differ.
The main component of the treatment are drugs aimed at fighting the pathogen. The remaining drugs are aimed at removing the symptoms of pneumonia.
If not severe pneumonia in adults, in-patient treatment is provided. It consists of the following measures:
- taking medications that dilate the bronchi for sputum discharge;
- reception of antibiotics, antiviral drugs for fighting the pathogen of pneumonia;
- the passage of a course of physiotherapy;
- performance of exercise therapy;
- compliance with diet, abundant drink.
In severe cases, the patient is shown hospitalization.
Medication for inflammation of the lungs in adults includes the following drugs to kill infection and relieve symptoms:
For the treatment of infection:
- penicillins: amoxiclav, ampicillin, oxacillin, carbenicillin;
- aminoglycosides: gentamycin, kanamycin;
- Lincosamides: clindamycin, lincomycin;
- macrolides: sumamed, clarithromycin;
- carbapenems: thienes, meronem.
- corticosteroids - to relieve inflammation;
- mucolytics - for sputum expectoration;
- antipyretics - to reduce temperature;
- bronchodilators (list of drugs) - for cough and breathing;
- antihistamines - to relieve allergies;
- drugs that remove intoxication;
- vitamins - to strengthen the body and improve immunity.
Concomitant treatment of pneumonia in adults includes the following procedures:
- paraffin therapy;
Known in Russia, Dr. Komarovsky believes that along with antibiotics and cough tablets, physiotherapy procedures for the treatment of pneumonia are no less important. During the exacerbation, the patient needs to take medication and adhere to bed rest.And after the state of health improves, the result of treatment should be fixed by various auxiliary procedures.
For the treatment of pneumonia, folk remedies are widely used. Healing plants, fruits and roots are recommended for making beverages, inhalations, compresses. Many recipes of traditional medicine can be found on forums in the topics of discussion of the treatment of pneumonia.
Emergency care for pneumonia in adults includes the following activities:
- oxygen therapy - with severe respiratory failure;
- injections of non-narcotic analgesics - with severe pleural pain;
- anti-shock therapy - with toxic shock;
- psychotropic drugs - in case of mental disorders in people with alcohol dependence;
- detoxication therapy - with severe intoxication.
Inadequate treatment of pneumonia can cause the following complications:
- destruction of lung tissue;
- obstruction of the bronchial tree;
- acute heart failure;
- the spread of infection through the bloodstream (sepsis);
- pulmonary edema;
- septic shock.
Prevention of pneumonia in adults:
- strengthening immunity;
- hardening of the body;
- timely treatment of colds;
- timely treatment of caries;
- to give up smoking;
- frequent wet cleaning and airing of the room;
- avoidance of hypothermia.
The first signs of pneumonia in children and adults
Pneumonia is a disease that has an infectious origin and is characterized by inflammation of the lung tissue in the event of provoking physical or chemical factors such as:
- Complications after viral diseases (influenza, ARVI), atypical bacteria (chlamydia, mycoplasma, legionella)
- Effects on the respiratory system of various chemical agents - poisonous fumes and gases (see. chlorine in household chemicals is hazardous to health)
- Radioactive radiation, to which infection is attached
- Allergic processes in the lungs - allergic cough, COPD, bronchial asthma
- Thermal factors - hypothermia or burns of the respiratory tract
- Inhalation of liquids, food or foreign bodies can cause aspiration pneumonia.
The cause of the development of pneumonia is the emergence of favorable conditions for the multiplication of various pathogenic bacteria in the lower respiratory tract. The original causative agent of pneumonia is the aspergillus mushroom, which was the culprit of the sudden and mysterious deaths of researchers of the Egyptian pyramids. Owners of domestic birds or lovers of urban pigeons can get chlamydial pneumonia.
For today, all pneumonia is divided into:
- out-of-hospital, arising under the influence of various infectious and non-infectious agents outside the walls of hospitals
- hospital, which cause hospital-acquired microbes, often very resistant to traditional antibiotic treatment.
The frequency of detection of various infectious agents in community-acquired pneumonia is presented in the table.
|Causative agent||Average% detection|
|Streptococcus is the most frequent pathogen. Pneumonia caused by this pathogen is the leader in the frequency of death from pneumonia.||3, %|
|Mycoplasma - affects most children, young people.||1, %|
|Chlamydia - chlamydial pneumonia is typical for people of young and middle age.||1, %|
|Legionella - a rare pathogen, affects weakened people and is the leader after streptococcus in frequency deaths (contamination in rooms with artificial ventilation - shopping centers, airports)||, %|
|Hemophilus rod - causes pneumonia in patients with chronic bronchial and lung diseases, as well as in smokers.||, %|
|Enterobacteria are rare pathogens, affecting mainly patients with renal / hepatic, cardiac insufficiency, diabetes mellitus.||, %|
|Staphylococcus is a frequent pathogen of pneumonia in the elderly population, and complications in patients after the flu.||, %|
|Other pathogens||, %|
|The causative agent is not installed||3, %|
When confirming the diagnosis, depending on the type of pathogen, the age of the patient, the presence of concomitant diseases, appropriate therapy is conducted, in severe cases, treatment should be performed in a hospital setting, with mild forms of inflammation, hospitalization of the patient is not necessary.
Characteristic first signs of pneumonia, the vastness of the inflammatory process, acute development and the risk of serious complications when untimely treatment - are the main reasons for the urgent circulation of the population for medical care. Currently, a fairly high level of development of medicine, improved diagnostic methods, as well as a huge list antibacterial drugs of a wide spectrum of action have considerably lowered a death rate from an inflammation of lungs (see. antibiotics for bronchitis).
Typical first signs of pneumonia in adults
The main symptom of the development of pneumonia is a cough, usually it is first dry, obtrusive and persistent. protivokashlevye, expectorants with a dry cough), but in rare cases cough at the beginning of the disease can be rare and not strong. Then, as the inflammation develops, the cough becomes pneumatic with pneumonia, with a discharge of mucopurulent sputum (yellow-green color).
Any catarrhal virus disease should not last more than 7 days, and a sharp deterioration after 4-7 days after the onset of an acute respiratory viral infection or influenza indicates the onset of an inflammatory process in the lower respiratory tract.
Body temperature can be very high up to 39-40C, and may remain low-grade 37.1-37.5C (with atypical pneumonia). Therefore, even with a low body temperature, coughing, weakness and other signs of malaise, you should definitely consult a doctor. Caution should be a repeated temperature jump after a light gap during the course of a viral infection.
If the patient has a very high temperature, one of the signs of inflammation in the lungs is the inefficiency of antipyretic drugs.
Pain with deep breath and cough. The lung itself does not hurt, as it is devoid of pain receptors, but involvement in the pleura process gives a pronounced pain syndrome.
In addition to cold symptoms, the patient has dyspnea and pale skin.
General weakness, increased sweating, chills, decreased appetite are also characteristic for intoxication and the onset of the inflammatory process in the lungs.
If such symptoms appear either in the midst of a cold, or a few days after the improvement, these may be the first signs of pneumonia. The patient should immediately consult a doctor to undergo a complete examination:
- To pass blood tests - general and biochemical
- To make a roentgenography of a thorax, if necessary and a computer tomography
- Sputum for culture and sensitivity of the pathogen to antibiotics
- Sputum for culture and microscopic determination of mycobacterium tuberculosis
The main first signs of pneumonia in children
Symptoms of pneumonia in children have several characteristics. Attentive parents may suspect the development of pneumonia with the following discomforts in the child:
Body temperature above 38C, lasting for more than three days, not knocked down by antipyretic agents, may also not be a high temperature up to 37.5, especially in young children. At the same time, all signs of intoxication are manifested - weakness, increased sweating, lack of appetite. Small children (as well as elderly people), can not give high temperature fluctuations with pneumonia. This is due to imperfect thermoregulation and immaturity of the immune system.
There is frequent shortness of breath: in children up to 2 months of age, 60 breaths per minute, up to 1 year, 50 breaths, after a year, 40 breaths per minute. Often the child spontaneously tries to lie down on one side. Parents can notice another sign of pneumonia in a child, if you undress a baby, then when you breathe from a sick lung you can notice the retraction of the skin in between the ribs and the lag in the process of breathing one side of the chest. There may be irregular breathing rhythm, with periodic stops of breathing, changes in the depth and frequency of breathing. In infants, shortness of breath is characterized by the fact that the child begins to nod his head in time with the breath, the baby can stretch his lips and inflate his cheeks, foamy discharge from the nose and mouth can appear.
- Atypical pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs caused by mycoplasma and chlamydia differ in that first the disease passes like a cold, a dry cough appears, a runny nose, a sore throat, but the presence of dyspnea and a stably high temperature should alert parents to the development of pneumonia.
- Character of cough
Because of the perspiration in the throat, only coughing can appear first, then the cough becomes dry and painful, which is amplified by crying, feeding the baby. Later, the cough becomes wet.
- Behavior of the child
Children with pneumonia become whimsical, whiny, sluggish, they are disturbed by sleep, sometimes they can completely refuse to eat, and also appear diarrhea and vomiting, in infants - regurgitation and rejection of the breast.
- Blood test
In the general analysis of blood, changes are detected that indicate an acute inflammatory process - increased ESR, leukocytosis, neutrophilia. Shift of the leukoformula to the left with increasing stab and segmented leukocytes. In viral pneumonia, along with high ESR, there is an increase in leukocytes due to lymphocytes.
With timely access to a doctor, adequate therapy and proper care for a sick child or adult, pneumonia does not lead to serious complications. Therefore, at the slightest suspicion of pneumonia, the patient should be given medical care as soon as possible.
Symptoms of pneumonia in adults without fever
Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia is a very insidious disease. And it affects everyone: people aged, children, young guys and girls. This disease has an infectious nature (although it is not transmitted from person to person) and is accompanied by inflammation of the lung tissue.
Usually pneumonia occurs after hypothermia and is accompanied by a strong inflammatory process.
Everyone knows that the main symptoms of pneumonia are high fever (38-39 degrees), excessive sweating, coughing and shortness of breath, acute pain in the chest. However, in recent times, there is an increasing frequency without temperature or latent pneumonia. It is especially dangerous, since it is quite difficult even for an experienced doctor to diagnose this disease.
- Often, the sick do not even turn to the medical institution, writing off their poor state of health for an ordinary cold. At this time, the general condition of the patient is aggravated. If you do not take care of yourself in time, the ending of such a story can end sadly.
- In order that the irreparable does not happen, it is necessary to determine as soon as possible that the patient has pneumonia. Pneumonia without temperature can be caused by several factors. In most cases, the disease proceeds in this way in people with weakened immunity. Therefore, adults need to keep a close eye on the diet and include in it vitamin-rich fruit, more out in the fresh air and tempered.
Monitor your health - inflammation of the lungs, not complicated by temperature, can lead to foci of infection: sick tonsils, teeth or lymph nodes. Also often this diagnosis is put to people who are fond of uncontrolled intake of antibiotics not prescribed by a doctor.
Most often without a temperature inflammation of the lungs occurs if a person tries to heal a cold or carries it "on his feet."The constant intake of antibiotics no longer has any effect on the virus, but the tablets knock down the temperature, and it becomes more difficult to diagnose.
Inflammation of the lungs in this case can be diagnosed by a patient's prolonged cough. However, there are clinical cases when he is absent (or "drowned out" by means of cough - tablets, medicines). If you are faced with this particular patient, pay close attention to the appearance of a person. Symptoms of pneumonia in an adult without a temperature are also reflected in appearance, that is, pneumonia is accompanied by a pallor of the face and a painful blush on the cheeks.
Changing and breathing - it becomes jerky, accompanied by a small whistle. A man loses his appetite and refuses his favorite dishes. Even a slight physical load is not tolerated well: dyspnea appears, pulse and heart rate increase. In especially difficult cases, there is a tachycardia.
It can happen that an adult has a slight temperature for a long time - 37 degrees.This indicates an inflammatory process in the body, so you should immediately show yourself to the doctor.
It is almost impossible to diagnose pneumonia without the help of the patient himself. The signs of pneumonia in an adult without a temperature directly depend on the general condition of the patient.
An adult feels in his condition that something is wrong with him, and he must tell the doctor about it. It should be more responsive to their health, and then the disease will not go into a chronic form.
Native patients should alert the following symptoms, which also indicate pneumonia - excessive weakness, heavy breathing (possibly hampered by inhalation or exhalation), excessive sweating, unreasonable and constant thirst, pain and aches throughout the body. By the way,the latent inflammation of the lungs is also characterized by the absence of movement of one side of the chest during inspiration or exhalation.
If you have found several of these symptoms, you should immediately call a doctor who will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe a treatment that is adequate to the condition of a person.
It is very important in time to identify pneumonia in the patient. Otherwise, sclerotized areas are formed on the lung tissue. They are not able to participate in gas exchange, so the working part of the lungs is reduced, and this does not have the best effect on the quality of a person's later life. Other complications of the course of the disease are possible, some of which can lead to death.
Therefore, as soon as you have a suspicion of pneumonia, call an ambulance or a doctor at home. Drink more and do not take any medicine, so that the doctor had a complete picture of the disease.The doctor must necessarily listen to the patient and assign him medical research. X-rays can help determine if the patient has pneumonia, and show complications from the disease.Only after this can be diagnosed - pneumonia.
If pneumonia was diagnosed on time, complications do not occur, and doctors make favorable predictions. Usually after three to four weeks of effective treatment a person completely recovers. Pneumonia without temperature is a very unpredictable process, so you should take care of your health and take care of every ailment.
Pneumonia without fever and without coughing
Inflammation of the lungs in itself is a very dangerous disease, but pneumonia without a cough is much more dangerous. Not many people know, but this pathology can develop quite unnoticed, without any pronounced symptoms and a sharp deterioration in well-being. This term is a collection of several pathologies relating to lung tissue, and each has its own characteristics. It is important to remember that the ailment is not always accompanied by the usual symptoms: cough or temperature.
Facts about the disease
The main and main respiratory organs are the lungs. They let oxygen into the human body and remove carbon dioxide from the blood. It is here that gas exchange of substances occurs, air purification from toxins, microorganisms and harmful elements, as well as nutrition of each cell. In a healthy person, pushing the air outward is normal, the patient's breathing is much more difficult.
As soon as the infection enters the respiratory system, their functioning, normal functioning of the cardiovascular and immune system are hampered. Infection occurs through inhaled particles of vomit, through viruses, harmful bacteria and fungi, foreign objects and the like. In addition, the factor of the appearance of pneumonia may be both hypothermia, and the recently transferred cold. Not all lungs, but only separate parts of different areas can be affected. Such a disease is not contagious and is not transmitted by airborne droplets, although it has the character of an infectious disease.A term such as pneumonia without a cough, was introduced due to the fact that due to inflammation of various sites respiratory organs, various types of disease have been identified, which, in turn, proceed in different ways. The most dangerous condition is when the patient does not know the true reason for his poor health. He will not feel pain in his chest, there will be no coughing or wheezing, and if the temperature is present, then a small one (it can easily be confused with the symptom of an ordinary cold).
Note that the risk of getting sick is most common among older people over 60 and children under 2 years old. Finding the root cause of infection, you can determine how a person fell ill: because of an infection that got into the body through the airways, or because of deterioration in health against the already existing disease. For example, if the flu is not completely cured, the consequences can be unpredictable.
Despite the main prerequisites for the emergence of ailment, the negative impact can have both medicines and medical intervention. This includes the following:
- organ transplantation;
- manifestation of the disease after intubation of the trachea or artificial ventilation;
- infection can occur and as a result of visiting the infectious disease department of the hospital.
How to discover the disease in timeAnalyzing existing types of the disease, you can be ready for anything. However, do not forget that all kinds of bacteria and microbes surround us everywhere. So, the causative agent of pneumonia may be one of the harmful microorganisms, such as staphylococcus, streptococcus, legionella or chlamydia, which primarily affects the lung tissue. As for viruses, the most dangerous are the herpes virus, the pulmonary plague and those that appeared due to complications after the flu (A and B).
The condition of the body is affected by the human condition. Such reasons as an unfavorable environment, poor diet and bad habits can lead not only to pneumonia, but also to other serious illnesses. Therefore, most patients can be found in nursing homes and similar institutions. In addition, people who suffer from narcological and alcohol addiction, with weakened immunity and HIV-infected are also prone to infection.
Anyone with a weak immune system may not notice the development of the infection. Protection capabilities are reduced due to the presence of microorganisms and viruses in the blood, so the body can not fully resist the harmful effects of the environment.
Self-medication and taking medicines without doctor's supervision affects the internal microflora and promotes the favorable reproduction of harmful bacteria. They quickly adapt to the environment and become insensitive to treatment.Cough is an important indicator for infection of the respiratory tract. This is a normal reaction of the body to the appearance of foreign pests. This process allows you to get rid of mucus and sputum. Its appearance means inflammation of the upper respiratory organs.
It is accompanied by temperature, fatigue and weakness in general. Not everyone wants to see a doctor when a cough occurs, because they think that the usual home treatment will be more effective. However, this is how the inflammatory process begins, which can lead to serious complications if you do not give enough attention to the treatment (or if you do not cure the ailment).
Absence of obvious symptoms
With a careless approach, a mild cold can take on a chronic character. Slime does not go away from the bronchi, and suppression of cough drugs leads to the development of pneumonia, which is very difficult to detect under such conditions. All pathological changes remain directly in the lungs and continue to develop there. A more severe stage leads to the appearance of pus of a green or yellow hue. If a person does not have a temperature, then the following symptoms are possible:
- excessive sweating;
- pain in the chest during movement;
If symptoms are found in a child, it is necessary to go to the doctor as soon as possible. At home, observe how the child performs physical exercises, whether there are signs of drowsiness or a decrease in appetite. The specialist will be able to conduct the necessary examination and make analyzes and, of course, explain the harm of self-treatment.
Correct approach to recovery
As practice shows, not all follow the doctors' warnings about the back side of self-treatment. We must not forget that, without knowing the cause of infection, it is impossible to find the right drugs, which will once and for all get rid of the pathogen. A full course of treatment, affecting both temperature, cough, and the condition of a person as a whole, is a comprehensive approach. For this purpose, a specialist (in the case of children, a pediatrician) prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs and general strengthening therapy. Such methods will have a beneficial effect on the body. In addition to taking medications, the patient can in another way contribute to his recovery:
- Observe the sleep regime and the correct diet. Eat more foods with protein and zinc.
- More fish, dishes from cereals, berries, vegetables and fruits. These products reduce the risk of developing pneumonia.
- Abandonment of bad habits will speed up recovery.
It is very important to return the cough reflex, otherwise it is necessary to perform a sanation with bronchoscopy. To all this, physiotherapy and special gymnastics are prescribed.
Concerning folk remedies: medicine does not prohibit such an approach, but to rely solely on recovery with home-made decoctions and tinctures is dangerous enough.
Pneumonia without temperature
Pneumonia without temperature is a dangerous disease, which in many cases ends pitifully. The matter is that the given illness passes without special symptomatology and the person simply does not guess about the status. He is able to complain of a general malaise and consider that he has an ordinary temperature. Meanwhile, the situation is significantly worsening.ICD-10 code J10-J18 Flu and pneumonia
Causes of pneumonia without fever
Causes of pneumonia without temperature can hide in many adverse factors. First of all, it is worth noting the weakening of immunity. It is this factor that negatively affects the development of the inflammatory process. Infection easily penetrates into the body and causes serious problems.
The disorderly administration of antibiotics also leads to the development of pneumonia. The fact is that because of antitussive drugs, the natural output of phlegm from the lungs can be disrupted. Basically, this is due to improper treatment caused by poor doctor's research or by self-administered drugs.
The intake of a large number of antibiotics not only worsens a person's condition, but on the contrary creates a favorable environment for the development of viruses and infections. Many people do not realize this and are themselves harming their own health.
Weakened immunity is the main reason why pneumonia occurs. And it can weaken because of the presence of a constant foci of infection in which reproduction occurs. In general, such a place is the tonsils, teeth and lymph nodes.
As mentioned above, the cough pill is especially dangerous, which slows the expectoration. Therefore, when symptoms of a cold catch appear, it is worth asking for help from a specialist. After all, it can be a serious illness, including pneumonia without temperature.
Symptoms of pneumonia without fever
Many people are interested in the question, but is there pneumonia without temperature? This phenomenon occurs and in most cases does not end favorably. A person does not realize that serious inflammatory processes occur in his body and simply refers to a general malaise.
In addition to the absence of temperature, cough is not manifested at all, which is very dangerous. In general, this kind of pneumonia appears in people with very weak immunity. This phenomenon can also occur with the use of cough medicines. After all, this way a person dulls the main symptom and thereby allows pneumonia to develop.
This disease is especially dangerous for children. This is due to the fact that the child can not fully describe what is happening to him. Emerging processes and sensations can not be explained to the baby. This makes it difficult to research and produce an accurate diagnosis. Unfortunately, this disease usually ends in a fatal outcome. Pneumonia without temperature is a dangerous inflammatory process, which must be eliminated immediately.
Symptoms of pneumonia without temperature are somewhat peculiar. It is possible to detect this disease only by some external signs. The color of the person's face is usually pale, sometimes with a blush that indicates the presence of the disease. Identify pneumonia and can be on the reddish spots on the cheeks. To pay attention is to the breath of a person, basically it is accompanied by some whistling. With any physical activity, shortness of breath and a high pulse appear.
Permanent symptoms can include general weakness of the body and rapid fatigue. When fully inhaled, difficulties may arise. It is difficult for a person to walk, sweating increases, there is a desire to drink constantly. During the turn of the torso, pain is possible.
It is worth noting and the fact that people with this type of pneumonia noticeably move the lungs only on one side. Simply put, the chest can only turn to the right or to the left. But it's hard to say for sure about this symptom. An exact diagnosis is necessary. After all, pneumonia without temperature is a dangerous disease.
Pneumonia without cough and temperature
Pneumonia without cough and temperature is accompanied by a strong inflammatory process in the lungs. It can arise because of the usual hypothermia of the body or acute colds. Pneumonia of this kind is not transmitted, but it has the character of an infection. Often there are cases when the disease occurs without fever and cough. This is very dangerous for the body.
The fact is that cough leads to excess phlegm and contributes to the removal of infection. If it is absent, then all the viruses are in the lungs and do not go outside. Cough always indicates the presence of an inflammatory process in the body. Usually it is accompanied by fever and weakness.
Pneumonia without a cough gradually develops, because the infection accumulates in the lungs. The disease gradually turns into a more complex form. There may be shortness of breath, weakness, dry cough and sweating. Very often, this course of the disease is observed after bronchitis, laryngitis and severe cough. Chronic foci of infection can lead to pneumonia.
When the disease begins to only manifest itself, people try to remove all the symptoms by domestic means, without suspecting that the problem is much more serious. Thus, they themselves worsen the condition. Unfortunately, in many cases pneumonia without temperature leads to a lethal outcome.
Diagnosis of pneumonia without temperature
Diagnosis of pneumonia without temperature is not a difficult process, the main thing is that it is timely. Usually the diagnosis is made on an x-ray. Thanks to him you can clarify the signs of inflammation and possible complications.
In order to confirm the diagnosis, a person undergoes a chest x-ray in two projections. The main sign of pneumonia is a limited darkening of the lung tissue against the background of already existing external signs of inflammation of the respiratory tract.
If the picture shows no darkening of the lung tissue, then it is wrong to judge the presence of pneumonia. This inflammatory process is determined exclusively by the X-ray image. There are no other diagnostic methods.
Pneumonia without temperature is a complex inflammatory process, which is not so easy to determine. Therefore, if you have any symptoms, you should immediately seek help. Pneumonia is a complex infectious disease requiring immediate elimination.
What it is necessary to survey?Lungs
How to inspect?Chest X-ray Study of the respiratory system (lungs)
What tests are needed?Sputum examination
Who to contact?Pulmonologist
Treatment of pneumonia without fever
Treatment of pneumonia without temperature is carried out exclusively under the supervision of the attending physician. Symptomatic therapy greatly facilitates the patient's condition. To do this, use special medicines related to the group of antibiotics. These are Mukopron, Mukodin, Mukobene, Acetylcysteine, Ambrobene and Lazolvan.
Mukoprint produces in the form of syrup and capsules. Adults need to take 3 scoops 3 times a day in the form of a syrup, and 2 capsules 3 times a day in the form of capsules. Children under 12 years of age should drink 1-2 scoops 3 times a day. Capsules should not be used.
Mukodin is taken in a similar way. Dosage for adults: 2 capsules or 3 measuring spoons of syrup 3 times a day. Children are allowed to take only syrup, 1 scoop 2-3 times a day.
Acetylcysteine. The dosage of this drug is individual. Basically take 200 mg of medication 2-3 times a day. For children, the dosage is less, and is 100 mg 3 times a day.
Ambrogen. Dosage for adults is 1 tablet 3 times a day in the first 2-3 days. Then take 1 tablet 2 times a day. A detailed doctor's appointment is made by the attending physician.
Lazolvan. As a syrup is taken with food and washed down with a significant amount of liquid. For adults, the dosage is 2 measuring spoons 2 times a day. Children one or a whole spoon 2-3 times a day.
With a favorable course of the disease, many patients receive therapy at home. It is desirable that the menu of the person was nutritious. For the duration of treatment it is recommended that you give up fatty and heavy meals. Before full recovery, you will need to consume a lot of liquid. This leads to the prevention of tissue dehydration and the development of high temperature.
Particular benefit is provided by physical therapy. It allows you to shorten the patient's recovery period. In the first days of the disease it is recommended to roll over in bed more often. If a person is suffering from chest pain, he will always lie on the sore side. You can not allow this! This can lead to adhesions in the lungs. From the second to fourth days it is advisable to start breathing exercises. Brushes of the upper extremities are placed on the abdomen, and the air is strongly drawn into itself. Similar exercises are repeated 10-15 times for one "approach". In total, you need to give this lesson 4-5 times a day. Pneumonia without temperature is a serious disease requiring immediate and effective treatment.
In addition to treatmentPhysiotherapy for pneumonia Antibiotics for pneumonia What to do with pneumonia?
Prevention of pneumonia without temperature is a mandatory set of measures that will prevent the development of the disease. The first thing you should pay attention to hardening. Such procedures strengthen and protect the immune system. Thus, the body becomes more resistant to any infections. It is desirable in the hardening process to include contrasting water procedures and pouring feet. But at the same time the temperature should start from 35 degrees, gradually it decreases to 25.
- Breathing exercises. This type of prevention is applicable even for bedridden patients. The action of the exercises is aimed at improving the ventilation of the lungs. This helps prevent inflammation. It is advisable to simply inflate balloons and regularly make very deep breaths and exhalations.
- Treatment of chronic foci of infection. The fact is that even dental caries can lead to severe pneumonia. Therefore, in the first place, it is worth fighting with the main foci of infection and eliminating them.
- Strengthening of immunity. For these purposes, herbal tinctures and teas are suitable. To give preference follows a camomile, echinacea, levzii and eleutherococcus.
- Massage. As prevention, it is performed by both adults and newborns. In this case, it is necessary to use the tapping technique. Regarding this issue, it is better to consult a doctor.
It is important to avoid hypothermia and other stress factors for the body. Negative effects on the body of benzene and other chemical compounds. Naturally, one should avoid contact with the patient, in which case pneumonia without temperature can not be taken by surprise.
The prognosis of pneumonia without temperature can be of a different nature. Much depends on how quickly a person noticed the presence of this disease and began effective treatment.
Usually, with a timely begun therapy, the prognosis is favorable. There comes a full recovery at the end of the 3rd at the beginning of the 4th week. Naturally, if a person gets help on time and starts treatment, then everything will end positively and at the appointed time.
But the whole problem is that determining the presence of pneumonia is not so easy, especially when there is no temperature and cough. Many people believe that this is an ordinary cold disease and does not seek to go to see a doctor. Meanwhile, the situation becomes more complicated and the outlook becomes extremely unfavorable. Do not hide the fact that everything can end in a fatal outcome. Pneumonia without temperature is a complex process, in which the most important thing is to notice it and start treating it, otherwise the result will be deplorable.