Otitis media of middle ear

Ear Otitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. How to treat otitis with folk remedies

Otitis is a disease that occurs because of the development of the inflammatory process in various parts of the hearing organ. Most often this illness manifests itself with pain and intoxication syndrome, fever, and in some cases even hearing impairment is observed.

ear otitis

Why there is an external otitis

Often the otitis of the external ear is accompanied by lesions of the middle and outer parts of the organ. An external disease can develop as a result of an infection that penetrates tissues through minor scratches that occur when the outer shell is damaged. The cause of this can be thermal, chemical burns, mechanical injuries and so on. In this case, the main causative agents of the disease are staphylococci and streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus and so on. Also, external ear otitis most often occurs in people who suffer from metabolic disorders in the body, hypervitaminosis, gout and diabetes.

It should be noted that this ailment begins with an inflammatory process, which initially captures only the surface layer of shells. Gradually, the otitis is transferred to the surrounding tissues. Often, the disease spreads to the eardrums.

Causes of otitis media

As for otitis media, it develops mainly due to infections of the nasopharynx. In this situation, the causative agent of the disease penetrates into the middle ear cavity through the auditory tube. In this case, the agents of ARVI will cause otitis media. Treatment will be aimed at eliminating the underlying disease. What provokes such a disease? Often the middle ear otitis occurs with parainfluenza, influenza, rhino- and adenovirus infection, respiratory syncytial disease and others. Also, this ailment develops in diseases caused by such bacteria as hemophilic rod, moraxella, streptococcus pyogenic, pneumococcus.

otitis treatment

Most often there is an average otitis of the ears in children, since the auditory tube is short and wide. It is worth noting that the infection can penetrate and outside with a barotrauma of eardrums or mechanical damages. Also, this infectious disease is promoted by such infectious chronic diseases as adenoids, sinusitis, tonsillitis.

In the beginning, the otitis media of the middle ear occurs as an inflammatory process on the mucous membrane of the organ. At the same time, active fluid production takes place. In viral diseases, exudate is serous. If the process is caused by various bacteria, then purulent otitis of the ear may begin with the corresponding secretions. Often, the accumulated fluid causes protrusion of the tympanic membrane. In extreme cases, it breaks. This is what is the main cause of hearing loss in the middle ear otitis.

Main symptoms and signs of external otitis media

With this disease the patient suffers from severe pain in the area of ​​the auricle or inside the organ. Often patients complain of itching of the skin. At the same time, from the external part of the auditory organ there is separation of putrefactive secretions, which have a rather unpleasant odor. With the development of external otitis often there is an increase in temperature to subfebrile indicators.

Main symptoms and signs of development of otitis media

Begins otitis media of the middle ear acutely. In this case, strong painful sensations of the shooting or pulsating character are manifested. This disease causes a rise in body temperature, usually up to 38 ° C and above. There are also symptoms such as intoxication, manifested by muscle pain, loss of appetite, headache, weakness. Often, when otitis media appear signs that correspond to acute respiratory infections, such as coughing, swelling in the throat, runny nose. In this case, the patient is greatly concerned about the decrease in hearing, noise and stuffiness in the ears.

otitis treatment

In newborns, the otitis media of the middle ear appears slightly differently. The child is constantly naughty and worried. In this case, the baby is not able to suck. A few days later the perforation of the eardrums takes place. As a result, the pain sensations decrease. From the ear canal, fluid gradually begins to flow out. It can be in the form of pus or transparent. Over time, the number of excretions decreases, as the eardrum begins to scar, and pain sensations decrease. With proper treatment, the ear otitis in the child disappears, and the hearing organ is fully restored.

Complications of otitis

If you do not engage in timely treatment of the disease or treat it incorrectly, the following complications may occur: thrombosis of venous sinuses, and in rare cases even sepsis, abscess and meningitis, labyrinthitis and purulent mastoiditis, impaired hearing functions and even deafness, cohesive otitis media of the middle ear, chronic inflammation, persistent perforation of the drum webbeds.

Diagnosis of the disease

To diagnose "an otitis of an ear" the expert of a narrow profile can only. Diagnosis of the same disease is based on otorhinolaryngological and clinical examination of the patient. With the instrumental method of identifying the disease, otoscopy is usually used, which allows to examine the drum membranes and an external auditory canal with the help of an otoscope, as well as omicroscopy, carried out with the help of surgical optics. Often used audiometry, determining the severity of hearing, and tympanometry, which is a study of the mobility of tympanum membranes.

drops in the ears with otitis

In order to exclude the development of complications of this disease, the doctor can apply a computer tomography of the skull bone structures, as well as brain research using radiography.

Often, to produce the correct diagnosis and to distinguish purulent and viral otitis media, a puncture of the tympanic membrane is done. This allows you to extract a certain amount of accumulated liquid for its further investigation. In this case, even bacteriological culture can be made, which allows to determine what is the causative agent of the infection. After all, before treating the otitis of the ear, it is necessary to know the cause of its occurrence.

Treatment of otitis media

So, otitis ears - how to treat this disease? Most often, his therapy is conservative and is performed on an outpatient basis with an easy flow in the otorhinolaryngologist. Mandatory patients are hospitalized, who have severe otitis media in their ears. Treatment of such a disease under the supervision of a doctor allows you to avoid complications. Children with otitis media of any degree are also in need of hospitalization. At the same time, the definition of tactics of combating the disease and its direct treatment is carried out only after a thorough examination of the patient by the doctor.

Usually, the patient is prescribed antibiotics if he has a bacterial otitis of the ear. Treatment in this case is carried out by such drugs as "Ceftriaxone" Cefotaxime "Cefuroxime" Clavulanate "Amoxicillin and also by means of" Midekamycin "Azithromycin" Clarithromycin ". If the patient suffers from purulent otitis, then his therapy uses respiratory fluoroquinolone, for example, the drug "Moxifloxacin" or "Levofloxacin". For the treatment of external diseases apply special drops in the ears with otitis. For example, it can be means of "Polidex" or "Otofa".

than to treat otitis media

To reduce pain and other manifestations of the disease, drops are used in the ears in otitis, which are used in complex therapy: Otopix and Otisol. Many specialists prescribe washing with solutions of antiseptics of auditory canals. However, this method is effective only in otitis externa. In order to overcome the inflammatory process, the doctor can prescribe for the intake of antipyretics - ibuprofen and aspirin. These medications have moderate analgesic properties.

As for warming up and physiotherapy, these methods of treatment are allowed only after consulting with specialists. In most cases, everything depends on the degree of the disease.

Bee products for otitis treatment

To cure otitis media, you can prepare drops based on honey. For this, it is necessary to dilute this product in warm water, observing the proportions one to one. Several drops of solution are added to the patient's ear.

Supplement this therapy can be tincture of propolis 20%. This means is impregnated with a tampon made of gauze, which is injected into the diseased ear. The course of such therapy is two to three weeks.

10% tincture of propolis can be used to instill ears. To do this, you need to tilt your head to your shoulder and drop just a few drops into your ear canal. So the remedy will penetrate into the middle ear. The head should be held in this position for several minutes.

Tincture of mint at otitis

So, than to treat otitis in the home? Of course, herbs. An excellent remedy for this disease is tincture of mint. For its preparation, several spoons of dried mint should be poured with about a glass of ordinary vodka. The drug should stand for several days in a closed container. In the finished product, pieces of gauze are moistened and injected into the ear. This tincture can quickly eliminate otitis media. Treatment can be supplemented with medicines with the permission of the attending physician.

Herbal tincture

This is another tincture, which is considered to be quite effective in otitis. To make it, you need to take a few spoons of dried herbs and pour 100 milliliters of vodka. The drug is injected seven days in total darkness. Gauze turundas are wetted in the finished tincture, and then they are put in ears.

The same method prepares tinctures of calendula and St. John's wort. These funds can eliminate the main symptoms, ease the patient's condition and eliminate otitis media.

otitis ears how to heal

Teas and tinctures against otitis of the ears

Improve the overall condition of the patient allows a variety of teas made from plants. Healing qualities are possessed by a drink prepared from the petals of a red rose, black currant berries, dog rose and raspberry roots.

To wash the ear can be used infusion of leaves of the noble laurel. To make it, take a few spoons of pre-crushed leaves. This amount of grass is poured into a glass of boiling water and left for several hours. The present leaves are filtered, and the infusion is used to treat otitis. Before use, it should be heated to be slightly warm. With purulent otitis, the infusion of leaves of the laurel is buried right in the ear.

Medicine from vegetables

Against purulent otitis can be used ordinary garlic. For this, the cleared tooth is inserted into the ear. A good drug for otitis ear is the onion, the gruel of which is laid out on a piece of gauze. The received compress is put in a sick ear. Red beet has the necessary properties. The vegetable is rubbed on a grater and transferred to an enameled container. To the resulting gruel is added a glass of water and a dessert spoon of honey. Capacity is put on a small fire, and its contents are brought to a boil. Keep the broth on fire for another 15 minutes. The finished mass is cooled and used as compresses, wrapped in a piece of gauze. Polyethylene film and cotton wool are placed on top. It is fixed with a warm scarf for several hours. Follow the procedure should be several times a day.

Ear otitis in a child

Conclusion

When otitis external or middle ear, you should definitely consult a doctor for advice. A neglected disease without timely treatment entails severe consequences. Before treating the otitis of the ear, you need to undergo a complete examination. It is not necessary to engage in the therapy of folk remedies on your own, as an incorrectly selected medication can only lead to a worsening of the patient's condition.

syl.ru

Otitis of the ear: types of otitis and causes of development

  • Otitis in children
  • Otitis in adults
  • Treatment
Ear Otitis - Symptoms and Diagnosis

Ear Otitis is an ENT disease of the hearing organ, characterized by an inflammation of one of the ear sections connected together.

The reasons for the development of otitis media can be very different, ranging from mechanical damage and improper personal hygiene, to serious complications arising from acute respiratory infections, influenza and colds.

Few people know, but even a common runny nose in neglected form can become the beginning not only of maxillary sinusitis, but also of otitis media.

Let us consider in more detail what otitis media are and what types of this disease are encountered.

The structure of the human ear is divided into three interconnected parts, which bear the following names:

  • external ear;
  • middle ear;
  • inner ear.

Depending on the specific part of the body the inflammatory process is taking place, in medicine it is customary to distinguish three types of otitis:

  • outer;
  • average;
  • interior.

Ear canitis: symptoms of the disease in children

External otitis in children.Otitis in children (see the photo on the left) occurs much more often than otitis in adults whose symptoms are identical. First of all, this is due to the not fully developed structure of individual tissues and parts of the hearing organ.

Also, the symptoms of otitis media (also called inflammation of the middle ear) are observed in children with reduced immunity or due to complications of viral, colds, flu.

As already noted above, the disease is divided into three types. For each type of otitis, adults and children have their own symptoms and signs.

Whenexternal otitis media, the causes of which are often violations of the rules of personal hygiene of the child, microtrauma of the shell of the ear, internal boils, observed:

  • elevated body temperature (up to 39 ° C);
  • chills;
  • the child's refusal to eat;
  • capriciousness and irritability;
  • poor sleep;
  • unreasonable crying;
  • puffiness and redness of the auricle;
  • the appearance of small bubbles on the skin around the ear;
  • pain in ear is constant or when touching;
  • an increase in parotid lymph nodes.

Medication

Amoxicillin Otipax Ceftriaxone Azithromycin Dioxydin Protargol Polidexa Dimexide Levomecol Flemoxin Solutab Sumamed Otofa Miramistin Otipax

Whenaverage otitis, which most often occurs against the background of acute respiratory viral infections, as well as in children with low immunity, the following symptomatic pattern is observed:

  • earache;
  • continuous crying;
  • lack of sleep;
  • the child's desire to rub or scratch his ear (rub on the pillow);
  • refusal of food;
  • painful reaction when pressing on the tragus (outer cartilage of the auricle);
  • elevated temperature;
  • lethargy;
  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea;
  • purulent discharge from the ear, possibly with an admixture of blood (with a purulent form of acute otitis media).

Wheninternal otitis, manifested much less frequently than the two previous forms, but it is much more dangerous than them as a result complications of otitis media or against the background of a general serious infectious disease are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • elevated temperature;
  • noise in ears;
  • dizziness;
  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • loss of balance;
  • hearing loss.

Diagnosis of the symptoms of the disease will be helped by the characteristic symptoms of otitis of the ear, but this does not give the right to self-medicate. At the first manifestations of inflammation of the middle ear, it is necessary to seek help from an otolaryngologist, who, based on a real clinical picture, will prescribe the right treatment.

Symptoms of a cold in the ear in adults

Unlike children, otic otitis, the symptoms of which are known to many of us since childhood, in adulthood happen much less often and is mainly the result of hypothermia, violations of personal hygiene and complications after a viral cold diseases.

Species of otitis

Middle ear External Sharp Bilateral Allergic Outward diffuse Perforating Inside Child Eustachyte

It is much easier to diagnose an individual's disease in an adult than a child in the first place, because he can describe in detail the whole picture, including the power of pain in the ears. This will help determine the severity of the disease.

However, only the doctor can make a final verdict and prescribe the appropriate treatment for otitis media of the middle ear, after having undergone proper examination with the help of special ENT instruments.

Characterize the adult otitis as a cold of the ear, its symptoms are similar to children's:

  • congestion of the ears and hearing loss;
  • acute or aching pain in the ears;
  • elevated temperature (not mandatory);
  • headaches and dizziness;
  • pains that give to the neck, teeth, whiskey, forehead;
  • weakness and general malaise;
  • nausea and vomiting.

In order to avoid the occurrence of such diseases of the ear, proper preventive maintenance should be carried out, and then the pain in the ears will not bother you or your children.

How and how to treat otitis media - doctor's prescriptions and recipes of folk medicine

How to treat an otitis of an ear the doctor the otolaryngologist defines, having established a kind and a degree of disease.

Treatment of otitis media

Treatment of otitis externa Treatment of otitis media of the middle ear Treatment of purulent otitis Ear drops Ear pills Antibiotics Ear wax Ear candles In adults In children In pregnant women

In any case, first of all, drug therapy is aimed at the destruction of bacteria that contribute to the development of otitis media. It is done with the help of antibiotics, and selected such drugs that can not only to eliminate the bacterial damage of the body, but also easily penetrate into the ear drum cavity to the hearth disease.

The most commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of otitis media- Tsifran, Flemoklav, Solyutab.

How to treat otitis with dropletsAs a local treatment, special ear drops-antiseptics are used, most often in the ENT practice, the old-fashioned method uses a solution of boric acid.

However, there are a number of other similar drugs of a new generation that can easily cope with infections.

In addition, such drops often include anesthesia, which helps to significantly reduce and eliminate pain.

Some of the best ear drops from otitis are Sophradex, Otipax, Otinum, Garazon.

In combination with ear drops in otitis, otolaryngologists often prescribe vasoconstrictive drops in the nose (Naphthyzine, Nazol, Galazolin, Otrivin and etc.), thanks to which it is possible to remove swelling of the mucous membrane of the Eustachian tube and thereby reduce the load on the eardrum.

In addition to drops in the nose in the complex can be appointed and antihistamines (antiallergic) funds, pursuing the same goal - removing the edema of the mucosa. These can be tablets of Suprastin, Diazolinum, Loratadina, etc.

If there is an increased body temperature, which often causes otitis media, mandatory prescribed antipyretic drugs, which are also able to partially relieve or reduce pain in the ears. The most safe and effective remedy for temperature is Paracetamol.

Attention!

All of the above drugs used to treat otitis media can not be regarded as a guide to action. The question, than to treat an ear otitis independently, should not stand at all. Treatment of this disease, like most other things, can only take place under the guidance of a qualified doctor.

With a timely visit to the otolaryngologist and the exact observance of all prescriptions, the ear otitis passes quickly enough without leaving any consequences.

How to treat otitis with folk remedies

In addition to drug therapy, there are many ways of alternative treatment of otitis media. I must say that such methods are acceptable for use and are mostly of an auxiliary nature. However, it should not be forgotten that people's prescriptions can be used only after consulting a doctor and in no case should they self-medicate to avoid complications and irreversible consequences.

Folk remedies

Treatment with folk remedies Home treatment Camphor alcohol Geranium Hydrogen peroxide Tincture of propolis Tincture Calendula Furacil Alcohol Washing the Ear Aloe Boric Acid Warming Up the Compress on the Ear Blowing the Hearing Pipes

Depending on the form and degree of the disease, otitis symptoms are accompanied by different symptoms, on the basis of which various recipes of folk medicine are applied.

Recipe number 1.For example, to reduce tinnitus and prevent the development of otitis, it is recommended to chew buds of fragrant cloves or cook on based on the broth, observing the proportions of 15 grams of cloves 100 grams of hot water and take it on a teaspoon 2-3 times throughout day.

Recipe number 2.With hearing loss after otitis, it is recommended to brew and drink tea from rose petals (red) for two weeks, which will help restore hearing in a short time.

Recipe number 3.To cure otitis externa, one should take the root of elecampane, incinerate it on fire, and then grind it in a coffee grinder and mix it with a small amount of lamb fat. Lubricate the prepared earwax with otitis shell to complete recovery.

Recipe number 4.To reduce the symptoms of acute otitis will help tincture of nightshade sweet and bitter. To make it, you need to take 2 tablespoons of chopped grass and pour 100 grams of vodka. Insist for a week, then inject into your ear soaked in a means of cotton turuns 2-3 times a day.

You can also cook the infusion. To do this, pour a tablespoon of herbs with a glass of boiling water. Insist for an hour and apply as in the case of tincture, in the form of embedded turundas.

Recipe number 5.To reduce severe pain in the ears with otitis will help glycerin with alcohol. It is necessary to combine the two ingredients in equal proportions (:), moisten the turunda in this mixture and lay it in the diseased ear.

Otitis treatment with dry heatThe recipe number 6.When asked how and how to treat ear inflammation, many will give an unambiguous answer - dry heat.

This is really an effective method for acute otitis, which is widely used in medicine (blue lamp, UHF).

It can also be used in the home if the ear is inflamed. To do this, take ordinary table salt, heat it in a clean dry frying pan and fill it in a linen bag.

Through an additional folded in several times the tissue, the patient's ear should be heated for 30 minutes.

It is important to know

You can not heat your ears with the help of dry heat at an elevated body temperature and purulent secretions from the auricles.

.

gajmorit.com

Otitis of the middle ear: treatment with drops, antibiotics. Otitis media of the middle ear: chronic, catarrhal, acute, purulent

The ear is a very important sense organ, and if it gets sick, then the world is not nice to the person. Naturally, pathologies are different, but some are rare, others are not. Quite often people suffer from such a disease as the otitis media of the middle ear. Treatment of this pathology should be comprehensive. That is, you must not only eliminate the symptoms, but also get rid of the underlying cause that caused the development of the problem.

What characterizes the disease?

otitis media of middle ear

So, the otitis media of the middle ear, whose treatment the doctor should prescribe, is an inflammation that is localized between the inner ear and a thin film (the tympanic membrane). This pathology most often affects children, as well as people with very weak immunity, diabetes and some other chronic problems.

It must also be said that infection can develop due to the fact that a person does not cure otitis externa. In children, the disease appears due to imperfections in the structure of the hearing aid. And it can cause any reasons, even the most "harmless". Naturally, it is necessary to choose the right methods of treatment, which the doctor will tell. Otherwise, inflammation can lead to serious consequences (partial or total loss of hearing and others).

The causes of the appearance of pathology

Otitis of the middle ear, whose treatment is not only treated with antibiotics, arises for certain reasons. Among them there are such:

1. Respiratory viral pathologies (influenza, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, and others).

2. Penetration of infection due to any ear trauma.

3. Overcooling and sudden pressure drops.

4. Dirty water enters the ear (during bathing or washing).

5. Other diseases that lead to a decrease in immunity.

Symptomatology

otitis media of middle ear symptoms

Now let's look at the signs that the disease has. If you have otitis media, treatment should be started only after a thorough examination of the doctor who will make an accurate diagnosis. It is not necessary to fight the disease independently, as this can lead to undesirable consequences. As for the symptoms of pathology, they can be:

- Pain sensations in the ear, which can have a pulsating or aching character.

- Muffled hearing, as well as a feeling of stuffiness.

- Feeling of noise in the ears.

- Increase in temperature, and significant.

If the disease is started, then pus can flow out of the hearing organ, while the tympanic membrane is torn. As for the pain, it can intensify overnight, and it gives even to the teeth, the head. A person can not practically sleep, his appetite is gone, his work capacity is significantly reduced. Symptomatic of the pathology is reddening and swelling of the tympanic membrane. However, you will not see this sign on your own, only a doctor can recognize it.

Varieties of pathology

acute purulent otitis media of middle ear treatment

The average otitis of the ear, which is treated under the supervision of a specialist, can be of different types:

1. Acute. It develops after infection enters the body. Most often it is caused by acute respiratory diseases.

2. Purulent. It is accompanied by unpleasant secretions of a greenish or yellowish hue from the ear.

3. Chronic purulent otitis. It develops if the acute form has not been fully cured. This form of pathology can last for several weeks or more. In this case, hearing can greatly deteriorate.

4. Serous otitis media. It is characterized by sucritic discharge from the ear.

Symptomatic in all cases is almost the same, so in any case you will need to consult a doctor.

How to diagnose a disease correctly?

If you think that you have an otitis media, you can start treatment only after seeing the doctor. For accurate diagnosis, not only your complaints and a list of symptoms will be required. The fact is that these signs are not specific and can talk about another disease.

Further, the doctor performs palpation of the ear and examines its internal part with a special medical device (otoscope). Naturally, during the examination he is obliged to take into account the patient's age, to note any features of the structure of the hearing aid, to fix the condition of the lymph nodes.

On a mandatory basis, the patient must submit blood tests, in which some indicators will be overestimated if the pathology is confirmed (ESR). Naturally, the doctor should check your ears and the mobility of the eardrum. If a person is suspected of any complications associated with otitis, then he may be assigned a radiographic examination. During the examination, not only the mobility, but also the position, as well as the color and condition of the tympanic membrane are taken into account.

Complications of pathology

Otitis middle ear treatment drops

If you have acute otitis media of the middle ear, treatment should be started immediately. The fact is that the disease is characterized by a high probability of complications. First of all, the acute form with improper therapy can quickly go into purulent and chronic. In this case, you will constantly suffer from a disease of the ears.

In addition, during the development of the disease, the mobility of the tympanic membrane may deteriorate, or it breaks. This provides hearing loss or hearing loss. This function can not always be restored. That is, the patient has a new problem: acquired deafness, which significantly worsens the quality of his life.

The consequence of otitis may be damage to the auditory nerve. And still it is necessary to allocate such complications of the presented pathology:

1. Mastoiditis. In this case, the mastoid process is affected. This disease already requires a surgical operation.

2. Purulent meningoencephalitis. When he is affected by the brain.

3. Labyrinth.

4. Sepsis.

The last complication can lead to a lethal outcome, therefore, otitis requires comprehensive and thorough treatment.

Features of treatment of different forms of otitis media of the middle ear

chronic otitis media of middle ear treatment

Now consider the main question: "How to get rid of this pathology quickly and effectively?" It all depends on the type of disease, as well as the degree of its development. If you have acute purulent otitis media of the middle ear, treatment involves the use of antibiotics. You will need to consume medicines for about 7 days. Naturally, the patient will also have to clear his ear from pus with cotton turunds moistened with hydrogen peroxide. However, to carry out this procedure should be very careful not to push the unpleasant discharge deeper. As for the treatment with heat, then with a purulent form of pathology it can not always be used. That is, do not put the hot-water bottle on the ear. Perhaps the doctor will prescribe other physiotherapy procedures. If you have viral otitis media of the middle ear, antibiotic treatment will not help. Here it is necessary to eliminate the root cause of the disease.

In the case of severe pain, a person can be prescribed special drops that not only relieve the symptom, but also fight infection. Sometimes the doctor prescribes tablets or suspensions. If you have otitis media, treatment (the drops are desirable in this case) must be comprehensive. That is, you first need to know the cause of the development of pathology. As far as medications are concerned, the most effective drugs for today are Sophradex, Dexamethasone, Otipax, Otisol. Note that the ear drops must be heated to room temperature before use. In addition, these drugs can not be used if the tympanic membrane is damaged.

If a person has catarrhal otitis media of the middle ear, the treatment involves the use of antipyretic agents and expectant management. If after a few days the pathology began to develop further, it means that the patient is prescribed vasoconstrictive drops in the nose, dry thermal procedures.

With purulent otitis, the doctor can pierce the eardrum himself, so that the contents can come out. Sometimes, in order to minimize discomfort during the operation, a local anesthetic can be made to the patient. Physiotherapy methods are very good: ultraviolet light, UHF and laser procedures.

Features of surgical and folk treatment

chronic otitis media of middle ear treatment at home

If the patient is diagnosed with otitis media, symptoms (treatment is not only based on them) are a very important signal for a visit to the doctor. Sometimes in the case of ineffectiveness of conservative therapy, the ENT is forced to resort to a surgical operation. This procedure is especially important when there is a threat of pus penetration into the brain.

The most important action performed by the surgeon is the elimination of secretions from the ear cavity. The operation is performed in two ways:

1. Opening of the tympanic membrane and removal of pus by means of a special syringe or catheter.

2. Anthotomy. It can be done only for urgent indications. Its peculiarity is that even children can undergo such a procedure.

Naturally, before the intervention, it is necessary to assess the general condition of the patient and the threat of complications.

If you have a diagnosis of purulent otitis media of the middle ear, treatment may include the use of folk remedies. However, before using them, be sure to consult a doctor. You can use home recipes in other forms of the disease. The most effective of them are:

1. Compress of vodka (or alcohol). Its preparation is easy. You just need to take a gauze napkin and moisten it with vodka. Then the compress is superimposed on the ear, and then it is closed with wax paper and cotton wool. For a good effect, you should hold the napkin for several hours.

2. If the patient has a chronic otitis media of the middle ear, the treatment involves using tincture of juniper, which not only helps to eliminate pain, but also possesses anti-inflammatory action. You can buy it at the pharmacy.

3. Juice of onion helps to cope with the disease. You just wet a cotton swab in it and put it in your ear. A few hours later the turundochka is changed.

4. Anti-inflammatory properties have aloe juice. And you can dilute it with warm boiled water in the following proportions:. Bury such a homemade "medicine" with a pipette several times a day.

How to properly treat otitis media of the middle ear in children?

otitis media of middle ear treatment in children

Not only adults can suffer from this disease. Babies very often can catch such an infection. In addition, the most common disease of early years is otitis media of the middle ear. Treatment for children of this pathology takes place in different ways. Everything depends on the degree of development of the disease, as well as the reaction of the baby to it.

Try to always keep the child's ears warm, even if it's not cold outside. Only in this case you will be able to cure the pathology quickly. If the cause of otitis is acute respiratory disease, you will have to treat it in the first place. Often the baby is prescribed antibiotics (in the form of syrups, for example, the drug "Ospamox or tablets). Naturally, if the doctor resolves, you will need to use ear or nasal drops that narrow the vessels and facilitate breathing, and also have an anti-inflammatory effect.

If the temperature rises to a very high level, give the child an antipyretic drug. One of the best medicines for such an action today is Nurofen.

During the treatment, the child should not attend the school. It is best to provide him with bed rest with constant monitoring of body temperature. Be sure to give a warm drink. A cotton swab dampened with boric alcohol helps a lot. Note that if the baby has a temperature, compresses can not be applied to the ear. Sometimes a doctor has to do a small operation for the child (if the pus itself does not go out). Naturally, for this, the baby is anesthetized.

The most correct decision of parents in case of illness of children will be an appeal to a specialist - LOR. Self-medication can not be done in any case, since this pathology is fraught with serious complications that the child develops faster than the adult.

Prevention of disease

If you have chronic otitis media, medication at home can only be used after consultation with the doctor. However, in order to significantly reduce the number of relapses of the disease, it is necessary to carry out certain preventive measures, which you will now learn.

First of all, you need to try to treat any colds that can provoke the middle otitis: ARVI, sore throat, laryngitis. Also learn how to blow your nose properly (the nostrils should be closed in turn).

Naturally, you need to take care of your immunity. That is, eat fresh vegetables and fruits, tempered, and if necessary, use multivitamin complexes (especially in late summer and winter). Temper, give up bad habits. Be careful while cleaning the ears with cotton buds (if you do this procedure). Avoid any injuries to your ears, or hypothermia. Do not give up the hat in the winter.

A very important part of the prevention of otitis media is proper oral hygiene. That is, ordinary tooth decay can be a good stimulus for the development of infection in your auditory organ.

As for babies, then try to bathe them very carefully so that water does not get into your ear. If this is not the case, use special antibacterial drops after each bath.

If it has already happened that you are sick, then immediately go to the doctor. It will help you to establish an accurate diagnosis and will prescribe adequate therapy. The longer you delay the moment of a visit to the ENT, the more difficult will be the treatment, and the more likely the occurrence of complications. Therefore, take care of your health on time.

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Otitis of the middle ear - treatment, antibiotics

antibiotics for otitis

Otitis- an inflammation of any part of the ear, for example, distinguish between otitis media and external otitis media. This disease can be acute or chronic. Infection, most often, manifests itself after or during a cold. It can be a complication after a previous illness, an infection can simply be "puffed up with a draft".

Antibiotics for otitis media

The most common symptoms of otitis media are ear pain, hearing loss, and fever. If you suspect that you have otitis, then you should see a doctor. It happens that the disease itself passes in a few days, but it does not make sense to wait, because Otitis can lead to serious complications, for example, to complete hearing loss. In addition, the infection causes accumulation of fluid in the ear - an effusion in which various bacteria feel favorable, provoking pressure on the tympanic membrane. Therefore, it is better to go to the doctor, than then "rake" the problems.

The otolaryngologist will examine the ear with an otoscope and make an accurate diagnosis. If your assumptions are confirmed, then with otitis media, antibiotics are prescribed. You may also be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, some pain medication. What antibiotic to take a patient with otitis - the doctor decides, depending on the severity of the disease, on its duration.

Such drugs as:

  • ampicillin;
  • amoxicillin;
  • spiramycin;
  • ciprofloxacin;
  • azithromycin;
  • phenoxymethylpenicillin and others.

These antibiotics act in a complex manner. All these drugs are administered orally, the dosage must be prescribed by the attending physician, and he will warn you about contraindications or side effects. There are antibiotics for injections:

  • cefazolin;
  • netilmicin and others.

You can take drops of chloramphenicol for instillation in the ear. Quite good means for acute otitis are considered to be normax, otofa, fugentin. So, to determine what antibiotics to drink when taking otitis, you need to know whether it is acute or chronic. In general, preparations for oral administration do not differ, but ear drops can be different.

In the treatment of middle purulent otitis with antibiotics, recovery occurs within a week. But the treatment is continued until the hearing is fully restored.

Otorhinolaryngitis - treatment with antibiotics

If you have managed to get sick with these kinds of otitis, then again you need to start with a visit to the room of an otolaryngologist and not neglect treatment. Symtom in this disease - a sense of congestion in the ears, pain even when touched to the ear, an increase in lymph nodes, temperature, pus, which is released from the ear.

Recommended antibiotics for external otitis:

  • nystatin;
  • azithromycin;
  • ampicillin and others.

For those who prefer droplets:

  • sophrax;
  • ofloxacin, etc.
General recommendations

Antibiotics for sinusitis and otitis began to be used not so long ago, but this treatment is justified, because. allows you to quickly remove the pain,

antibiotics for otitis mediato restore hearing, to avoid consequences. Of course, it's better not to get sick, but if such a nuisance has happened to you, then do not delay, be sure to be treated, because all the organs of our body are interconnected and one disease can cause other. Antibiotics should not be prescribed to yourself, but according to the prescription you can drink them without fear for your health, or rather, thanks to them, your health will improve. Along with antibiotics, you need to take probiotics, which will eliminate the dysbacteriosis that is unavoidable in such treatment.

Take care of your ears and ears, wear hats, avoid drafts, and cure colds on time. And be healthy!

WomanAdvice.ru

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