Viral tonsillitis: symptoms and signsAcute tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused by bacteria or viruses. Tonsils and adenoids consist of tissues similar to lymph nodes or glands.
Acute tonsillitis is characterized by a sharp or gradual occurrence of sore throat, which is usually associated with fever.
Chronic tonsillitis can become a "trigger" for the appearance of sinusitis.
Often, tonsillitis occurs in children aged 5-10 years and young people aged 15 to 25 years. The risk factors include weak immunity and a family history of tonsillitis or atopy. See "Tonsillitis in a child, photo."
Bacterial and viral tonsillitis symptoms are similar. These include:
- The pain in the throat, sometimes severe, can last more than 48 hours, "supplemented" by pain when swallowed.
- Pain can give in the ears.
- Little children complain that they have a stomach ache.
- Loss of voice or change of voice.
Signs of tonsillitis:
- The throat turned red, the tonsils enlarged and can be covered in whole or in part with pus.
- Temperature increase.
- Swollen lymph nodes (cervical, submandibular).
- If the sore throat is caused by a viral infection, then the viral tonsillitis symptoms are usually softer than the bacterial tonsillitis, and are often associated with a cold.
- If tonsillitis occurs as a result of infection with the Coxsackie virus, small blisters appear on the tonsils, tongue and soft palate. They break through in a few days and are accompanied by ulceration, which can be very painful.
- Tonsillitis can occur with infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus). Most often this condition occurs in adolescents. In this case the tonsils can increase significantly, and the temperature can rise to 39-40 degrees Celsius.
- Tonsillitis can be caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), especially in adolescents and young adults.
Diagnosis of bacterial and viral tonsillitis is based on the medical history and physical examination results.
- The doctor can do a quick streptococcal test, taking a swab from the back of the throat.
- If the Epstein-Barr virus is suspected as the cause of tonsillitis, the doctor may ask the patient to do a blood test for mononucleosis.
If the nasal congestion "mixes" with the stuffiness of the nose, sneezing and runny nose, cough, the cause of tonsillitis is likely to be the penetration into the body of the virus. Viral infection of the tonsils or adenoids in most cases passes without medical assistance for two weeks. Antibiotics in this case are not effective.
Bacterial tonsillitis: symptoms and its pathogens
Bacterial tonsillitis symptoms are most often caused by bacteria of the genus Streptococcus (streptococcus). Other possible bacterial pathogens of this disease are staphylococci and Neisseria.
After the beginning of treatment it is important to go through the entire course of medications for tonsillitis, which the doctor prescribes. Otherwise, the disease can return and turn into a chronic one. In the treatment of tonsillitis it is unlikely to do without antibiotic therapy and local procedures with Chlorophyllipt.
Surgical removal of tonsils is considered necessary in situations where tonsillitis is not amenable to drug treatment or in the case of frequent relapses.
Sore throat with an unexpected slight increase in temperature, without symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection is a sign of bacterial infection.
Other symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis include:
- a sore throat;
- redness of the tonsils;
- white pus on the tonsils;
- an increase in the cervical lymph nodes.
It is worth noting
Stress, overwork, exhaustion and viral infections can weaken the defenses of the body and allow the development of bacterial tonsillitis. Like other throat infections, this ailment tends to occur in the colder months.
In case of symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis, you should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis in connection with the risk of developing acute pharyngitis.
Untreated streptococcal infection can lead to complications, including rheumatism.
What is chronic tonsillitis and what are its signsChronic tonsillitis is a regularly occurring infection of the tonsils. Secondary infections can lead to the formation of small pockets in the palatine tonsils, in which bacteria will multiply.
Often in these pockets contain small stones (white plugs, tonsillitis) with an unpleasant odor of rotten eggs. Because of them, people with tonsillitis can complain about the feeling that some foreign body is in the back of the throat.
Symptoms and signs of chronic tonsillitis are as follows:
- unpleasant sensations in the throat;
- deterioration of the smell from the mouth;
- difficulty in swallowing food;
- swollen glands in front of neck;
- snoring and bad sleep due to shortness of breath due to increased glands and adenoids.
Bacterial infections of glands and adenoids are treated with antibiotic drugs, in contrast to viral infections..
Viral tonsillitis in children: symptoms and treatmentOne of the most common diseases of ENT organs is tonsillitis. The disease often has a viral origin and is transmitted by airborne droplets. In tonsillitis, the inflammatory process affects the tissues of the tonsils, which leads to the loss of this body's ability to protect the body from infection and prevent its ingestion. Viral tonsillitis (or viral tonsillitis) manifests itself as very characteristic and vivid symptoms, therefore it is rather difficult to miss the development of the disease. As early as the last decade, tonsil patients were ruthlessly removed, but now, when medicines for the treatment of angina become more perfect and effective, they try to preserve and remove only in the extreme the case. How to treat viral tonsillitis and can it be prevented?
Causes of viral tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is an infectious disease, sometimes infectious-allergic. The cause of its occurrence is the ingress of the organism of viruses or bacteria through the air during a conversation with a sick person, with his coughing or sneezing. Viral tonsillitis in children often develops as a result of fecal-oral infection, as they are more often than adults who do not comply with the rules of personal hygiene.
Viruses that can cause the development of tonsillitis, especially active in the autumn and winter. These same viruses provoke ARI and ARVI, which many people have to face more than once per season. Often, they are joined by a bacterial infection, in most cases it is streptococci. Precisely identify the causative agent of the disease is possible provided that laboratory tests are performed.
In addition to penetrating the body of the virus, the development of tonsillitis requires a decrease in the body's defenses, which often is observed with irrational nutrition, stress, hypothermia, severe overfatigue, and also when several factors.
Symptoms of viral tonsillitis in children
Symptoms of viral tonsillitis appear, as a rule, within two to three days. At the very beginning of the disease, general weakness is felt, headaches develop and appetite disappears. Later blushes and the throat starts to hurt, tonsils become inflamed, cervical lymph nodes can increase. Also, the temperature rises (to 40 ° C), the process of breathing and swallowing becomes very difficult.
Symptoms of chronic viral tonsillitis are similar to those listed above, but they are less pronounced than in acute forms. The temperature and pain in the chronic form of the disease as correctly absent, there may be a perspiration in the throat, as well as an unpleasant odor from the mouth.
Viral tonsillitis in young children is more severe. Severe sore throat can prevent them from eating normally, even if they have an appetite. Vomiting, nausea and diarrhea may also occur. A characteristic symptom of viral tonsillitis in any of its forms is an increase in the size of the tonsils, visible to the naked eye.
Depending on the form of the viral tonsillitis, the photo of which can be found below, the tonsils can be covered with plaque, film, pustules, or even ulceration:
How to treat viral tonsillitis: conservative and operative ways
Treatment of viral tonsillitis can be carried out in two ways:conservative methods of treatment and with the help of surgical intervention. In the vast majority of cases, doctors try to keep the tonsils and resort to methods of conservative treatment.
In the course of treatment of symptoms of viral tonsillitis, antiviral drugs, antibiotics are prescribed, as it often joins bacterial infection is constantly present on the nasopharyngeal mucosa in a dormant state, as well as vitamins and restorative preparations. In addition, it is not superfluous to have a course of physiotherapy, which will be an excellent addition to the general therapy.
Surgical intervention is resorted to in extreme cases, when there is no longer any hope of restoring the functions of the tonsils. Surgical removal of palatine tonsils or glands can be carried out with a scalpel as well as with a laser. The second method is considered safer, since the risk of infection in the wound in this case is minimal.
Treatment of viral tonsillitis in children requires special attention. It is important to ensure that the child has enough time to rest, drink enough liquid. It can be warm broths and infusions of herbs, low-fat broth, tea with honey. The room where the patient is located should be regularly ventilated and subjected to wet cleaning. It is also useful to drink multivitamins, which will help the body to overcome the disease more quickly.
Consequences of viral tonsillitis
If the patient is not adequately treated and treated, the consequences can be disastrous. The most serious consequence is the development of systemic rheumatism, subsequently it can be supplemented by complications that affect the work of the heart, kidneys and liver.
The most common diseases that develop as consequences of neglected tonsillitis are:radiculitis, rhinitis, inflammation of the joints, cutaneous erythema, hormonal failures and connective tissue damage.
Despite the apparent harmlessness, a disease called tonsillitis can cause enormous harm to the body.
To avoid possible complications and consequences, you need to carefully treat your health and follow all the recommendations of the doctor.
Tonsillitis: Definition, Symptoms and Signs of Disease
- Bacterial tonsillitis
- Viral tonsillitis
The term "tonsillitis" refers to the infection of the palatine tonsils.
Your tonsils are small, oval-shaped tissues located on either side of the back of the throat.
They are part of the immune system and help protect the rest of the body from microorganisms that enter the mouth.
But sometimes viruses or bacteria attack the tonsils themselves. If this happens, you will feel sick for a few days.
Sometimes the infection penetrates beyond the tonsils, causing sinus, rhinitis, bronchitis and other diseases.
Many different bacteria and viruses can lead to tonsillitis.
In addition, you can easily get infected from sick people. Therefore, the answer to the question "is contagious is tonsillitis" is affirmative.
- Bacteria that most often cause tonsillitis are called streptococci. These bacteria can also cause sore throat without affecting the tonsils.
- Without special tests, it is impossible to say what causes the disease, bacteria or viruses. Symptoms are the same.
TreatmentSurgical Antibiotics Drugs In Pregnancy In Children Folk Remedies
If you have one episode of tonsillitis, doctors call it acute tonsillitis. But if you regularly (five or more times per year) are sick with tonsillitis, this is a sign of chronic tonsillitis.
Symptoms of chronic tonsillitis occur in children more often than in adults. Girls can suffer from his relapses more often than boys.
Symptoms and signs of tonsillitis
Symptoms of tonsillitis include:
- persistent sore throat;
- redness of the glands and throat;
- difficulty of feeding (children);
- pain when swallowing;
- redness of the eyes;
- headache, dizziness, weakness;
- pain in the abdomen (due to swelling of the lymph nodes in the abdominal cavity);
- increased cervical lymph nodes;
- white patches on the tonsils;
- pain in the ear (from nerves that are in the back of the throat and go to the ear).
Less common signs of tonsillitis:
- "Fluffy" language (with a touch),
- "Rotten" smell from the mouth;
- problems with opening the mouth.
Bacterial, viral and purulent tonsillitis: causes
How does bacterial tonsillitis occur?
Bacterial tonsillitis (photo above) can be caused by a variety of different bacteria, but most often its cause is group A streptococcus bacteria. Tonsillitis can be acute and chronic.
In the past, severe bacterial infections, such as diphtheria and rheumatic fever, were the trigger for the onset of the disease. Fortunately, these days this happens very rarely due to vaccination and improved treatment of these diseases.
- Tonsillitis is transmitted in the same way as a cold and flu. It is contained in millions of tiny droplets, which when coughing or sneezing "come out" of the nose and mouth of the infected person. Other people inhale these drops and become infected.
- You can get bacterial tonsillitis by touching the place where such a drop landed, and then touching your face.
How does viral tonsillitis occur?
Microorganisms that cause viral tonsillitis include:
- rhinoviruses - viruses that cause colds;
- influenza virus;
- parainfluenza virus - causing laryngitis and croup;
- enteroviruses - cause diseases of the hands, feet and mouth;
- Adenovirus is a common cause of diarrhea;
- measles virus.
It is important to know
In rare cases, viral tonsillitis can be caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes inflammation of the glands. If so, the patient will probably feel very bad. During the medical examination, enlarged lymph nodes along the entire body and enlarged spleen will be revealed.
How does purulent tonsillitis occur?
Acute purulent tonsillitis is an acute non-specific inflammation of the palatine tonsils, often accompanied by pharyngitis. It is more common in children and adults under the age of 20 years. This disease requires compulsory treatment.
The main causes of purulent tonsillitis are:
- beta-hemolytic streptococcus;
- a stick of influenza.
Pathogens are usually hidden in the tonsils and are activated when the human immunity is weakened by fatigue, cold or other causes. Then the pathogens quickly multiply and cause the disease.
Symptoms of purulent tonsillitis:
- basically - a sore throat;
- pain when swallowing, often with irradiation in the ear;
- visible edema of the tonsils;
- visually visible spots of pus.
This condition can often lead to an abscess of palatine tonsils.
Treatment of tonsillitis: bacterial tonsillitis and antibioticsAntibiotics are used in the case of bacterial tonsillitis, whose treatment with their help is usually successful. But with viral illness, treatment with such drugs is useless.
The antibiotics of the penicillin group are most often prescribed. People who are allergic to penicillin can be treated with erythromycin. Reviews about erythromycin are pretty good, but you should not self-medicate. This drug should be taken only as directed by a doctor.
Treatment with oral antibiotics in duration takes 10 to 14 days.
- Drugs containing antibiotics can be prescribed if the symptoms of tonsillitis become worse with time or the patient has a high temperature for a long time.
- Studies have shown that treatment with antibiotics from tonsillitis can reduce the time of illness by about a day.
- They also reduce the risk of complications, such as rheumatism, although complications in the treatment of viral and bacterial tonsillitis are rare in any case.
- Diarrhea, skin rash or indigestion - frequent, but minor side effects of admission.
How to treat bacterial tonsillitis in addition to antibiotics
Home treatmentTreatment at home Folk remedies Rinse throat Inhalation Diet Propolis Chlorophyllipt Massage of tonsils Sea-buckthorn oil CollectionNo.37 Lugol
In addition to taking antibiotics, patients who want to know how to treat bacterial tonsillitis should provide their body with adequate sleep.
- Patients should respond promptly to weather changes to maintain normal indoor humidity and prevent the body from subcooling.
- Exercises that improve the body's ability to fight the disease are very useful in tonsillitis. But the degree of physical activity should be adjusted by the attending physician or the physiotherapist. Overstrain in tonsillitis is not the best help and so to the suffering organism.
- Refrain from smoking during illness.
- How to treat bacterial tonsillitis quickly and easily? Drink plenty of liquids (not alcohol) and eat semi-liquid foods at room temperature. Hot water or tea can temporarily increase unpleasant sensations in the throat.
- Try to eat and drink regularly, even if your throat hurts. Hungry and dehydrated people experience symptoms such as headache and fatigue.
Viral tonsillitis and its treatment
If tonsillitis is caused by a virus, it is likely that the immune system will cope with it for several days.
At the same time, there are a number of things that you can do to help yourself or your child while treating viral tonsillitis.
- With the help of paracetamol or ibuprofen, symptoms such as pain and fever can be alleviated. When taking medication, do not disregard the instructions on the package. Otherwise, you can incorrectly calculate the dose, then the remedy will not work or will have a strong side effect.
- Patients with indigestion, stomach ulcers, kidney disease or asthma should not take ibuprofen.
- If you are pregnant, give up ibuprofen and take only paracetamol in accordance with the instructions of a gynecologist or midwife.
- Children under the age of 16 should not take aspirin.
- Means such as lozenges and sprays (for example, Miramistin Spray) are often used in the treatment of viral tonsillitis, as gently soothe the unpleasant sensations in the throat.
- Some people believe that gargling with a soft antiseptic solution can help alleviate sore throat, although there are no serious clinical studies regarding the effectiveness of the solution.
Than and how to treat tonsillitis in adults and childrenIf you have repeated attacks of tonsillitis or it interferes with daily life, the doctor can suggest the removal of tonsils.
This will be done during an operation known as tonsillectomy.
Most often it is carried out in case of tonsillitis in children.
Many doctors believe that than to treat tonsillitis regularly, it is better to get rid of it once and for all.
- Removal of the tonsils is carried out under general anesthesia, you will sleep during the procedure.
- Your mouth will remain open so that the surgeon can see your tonsils.
- The surgeon will use a special scissors to remove the tonsils and then apply the soluble sutures to the wound.
PreparationsMiramistin Dioxydin Bioparox
Than to treat a tonsillitis radically? Tonsillectomy is the answer to this question. This operation can be carried out in several ways:
- With the help of surgical instruments. This is the most common method, in which a surgical blade is used to remove tonsils.
- Diathermy. In this case, a probe is used that creates heat from the electric current to destroy tissue around the tonsils and remove the tonsils themselves. At the same time, heat seals the blood vessels and stops bleeding.
- "Cold" ablation. The method operates on the same principle as the previous one, but uses a lower temperature (60 ° C). It is considered less painful than diathermy.
How to treat tonsillitis in adults: recovery after tonsillectomy
For those who suffer from tonsillitis and are interested in how to treat tonsillitis in adults once and for all, the answer is one - the removal of tonsils.
- On average, after the operation, recovery takes 5 to 7 days. You may feel uncomfortable for up to two weeks after the operation.
- People who have undergone tonsillectomy should refrain from attending work for two weeks. This will reduce the chance to "pick up" the infection from a sick colleague.
- Speaking about how to treat tonsillitis in adults, we can not fail to mention that after tonsillectomy it is necessary to drink a lot of liquid, but avoid acidic drinks such as orange juice, since they will "sting" the unhealed throat.
- It is important after removing the glands to brush your teeth regularly, it helps fight infection in the oral cavity.
- Pain sensations usually occur within the first week after the operation and gradually disappear for the second week. Pain in the ear is a side effect of tonsillectomy and does not give cause for concern.
It is worth noting
After the tonsils have been removed, a white coating appears in the throat. Once the throat is completely healed, it will gradually disappear. This process will take about two weeks.
Than to treat tonsillitis in a small child
Sore throat is a classic symptom of tonsillitis, but it may be difficult for parents to understand that the child has a sore throat if he can not speak yet. Watch for a decrease in appetite and saliva. Sometimes a child with tonsillitis may experience excessive salivation, because it hurts to swallow.
Than to treat a tonsillitis at the child till two years? The best treatment is symptomatic help.
- Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help relieve pain and fever.
- Offer the baby soft foods, such as bananas or pudding, and exclude from his diet tough foods such as toast.
- Encourage fluid intake. With tonsillitis, the organism of babies can easily become dehydrated, because they do not want to drink, if swallowing causes them discomfort. Let them drink gradually, but often. Soup, ice cream and fruit ice cream are also counted as liquids.
Talking about how to treat tonsillitis in a child, it is important to say and about what to treat is not worth it. Antibiotics are usually not prescribed in the treatment of tonsillitis, because these drugs treat bacteria, and most cases of tonsillitis are caused by the virus..
Angina virus or bacterial: treatment of tonsillitis in adults
The throat can hurt for various reasons. Quite often tenderness provokes the disease of a viral sore throat.
The disease causes an infection: the herpes virus, adenovirus, rhinovirus. Sometimes this disease doctors call bacterial tonsillitis, but this is not entirely correct.
The second name for viral sore throat, which doctors use is viral tonsillitis. The main difference between these diseases is the root cause and symptomatology. Treatment is also provided for different. Approach it should be done with care, otherwise there is a risk of development of serious and dangerous consequences for health.
Viral angina develops seasonally. Usually many adults and children become ill during the period:
- from October to December;
- from March to April.
According to statistics, adult patients are fewer than children. Children often come into contact with other people and do not have a high protective reaction of the body. Viruses are quickly transmitted by airborne droplets in places of large concentrations of children: school, kindergarten. This contributes to the rapid spread of the disease.
A high risk of infection through the use of personal care items at home, for example, the infection is transmitted with utensils, clothing. Therefore, for the prevention of these things should be systematically processed.
There is an opinion that viral angina develops after eating a lot of cold food, drinks or as a result of hypothermia. However, these factors are only indirect, contributing to the active reproduction of viruses against a background of weak immune defense.
Cold also becomes a catalyst for the disease of bacterial tonsillitis in adults.
How to distinguish ailment?The first symptoms of viral angina are pain syndrome and redness of the mucous membranes of the throat, larynx. The main difference of this form of angina from other infectious diseases in children and adults will be a powerful pain syndrome with swallowing.
Almost always there is an increase in lymph nodes located on the neck. The patient's appetite is gone, his head hurts, joints twist. Characterized by excessive irritability.
Infection has a negative effect on the functioning of the digestive tract. The patient will note a prolonged vomiting and a loose stool. During the passage of vomit, the pain is further intensified. This is due to the presence of significant irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory and food tracts. You can clearly see this in the photo in medical sources.
Other symptoms that cause the disease:
- hoarseness of voice;
- severe conjunctivitis;
- development of symptoms typical for a viral infection;
- a slight increase in the total body temperature (maximum to 3,);
- cough, runny nose.
Bacterial chronic tonsillitis is characterized by the presence of a copious white coating in the mouth and throat. If the etiology of the disease is viral, such symptoms are not observed. During a visual examination, the doctor will reveal a strong flushing of the mucous membranes of the throat, glands, parts of the soft palate.
If the virus angina occurs at the initial stage, there may be small bubbles, and if the disease is started, the vesicles burst, and ulcers form in their place. Sometimes a yellowish coating may appear.
In the photo on the Internet, the difference between the disease of bacterial angina and the viral type of tonsillitis is clearly seen.
Angina is a viral or bacterial type that is dangerous to health if left untreated. In the first case, the ailment proceeds less severely.
Moreover, it should be understood that an infection, for example, enteroviruses, can lead to serious complications. Therefore, you should not pull with treatment.
Treatment of viral sore throat
Antibiotics are not capable of fighting viruses! This rule is also relevant for the treatment of viral sore throat. Such drugs are prescribed only if in adult patients, tonsillitis is bacterial. To treat the disease of a viral etiology follows another way. So, it is recommended:
- adhere strictly to bed rest. This is important from the very first days of the disease. Adults and children need to lie back at home;
- restore immunity. Treatment can not be effective if the immune system is weakened. An increase in the use of vitaminized food, pharmacy vitamin complexes is shown. It's good to give up heavy food, because the body needs a lot of energy to fight viruses. Sweet dishes need to be excluded altogether: they contribute to an increase in the number of pathogenic microorganisms.
They can be cooked at home. A great solution is rinsing with a solution of salt with 2 drops of iodine. And so it is recommended to treat bacterial tonsillitis.
Do not forget about medicines, for example, Miramistin, Chlorhexidine. Along with rinsing, doctors advise a generous warm drink, which is "afraid" of the infection. Drinks should be selected vitaminized, without acids, irritatingly affecting the mucous throat. Optimum to drink natural fruit drinks, compotes from dried fruits. Chamomile for gargling is also great.
Viral tonsillitis can be treated with compresses at home. If the disease is not complicated by lymphadenitis, such treatment can be carried out without restrictions. This technique will help to remove soreness, puffiness, improve blood flow. This always contributes to the rapid evacuation of toxic elements from the focus of the inflammatory process.
Compresses can be:
Well, of course, viral angina involves treatment with pharmacological drugs. And conventional drugs to cope with it quite difficult. Typically, doctors recommend antiviral drugs for internal use.
Local anti-inflammatory sprays for the throat are also used. They do not have any harmful substances that kill viruses, but they are effective and hinder soreness and development of complications.
In all other respects, all therapy is symptomatic. If the body temperature has increased in adult patients, you should take a tablet of Paracetamol or Aspirin. Children are given Nurofen, put rectal suppositories. With severe pain, you need to take analgesics with codeine.
To prevent the disease in the future, it is necessary to undergo preventive examinations in a timely manner, take vitamins, and lead an active healthy lifestyle. What is angina is in the video in this article.
Tonsillitis - symptoms
Tonsillitis is called inflammation of the tonsils and mucous membrane of the nasopharynx. The most common symptoms of tonsillitis are caused by viruses and bacteria. This is one of the most problematic diseases, because it is quite painful. And the treatment of tonsillitis can sometimes stretch for several weeks.
The main symptoms of tonsillitis in adults
In the throat of any person there are six tonsils. One pair is hidden deep and it is almost impossible to consider it. One tonsil is located at the top of the pharynx and the root of the tongue. Another pair of tonsils is in the sky on both sides of the pharynx, and they are called glands.
Tonsils are needed to perform the protective function of the body. It is the tonsils that become the first barrier to viruses and bacteria trying to penetrate the throat or nose.
The acute form of the disease occurs most often. Noticing the following symptoms of acute viral tonsillitis, it is urgent to start treatment:
- sensation of perspiration and sore throat;
- breathing complications;
- a sharp increase in temperature to 39-40 degrees;
- increased salivation;
- the appearance on the tonsils of whitish or yellowish plaque;
- severe reddening of the posterior pharyngeal wall;
- formation of a large amount of mucus in the pharynx;
- bad breath;
- edemas and soreness of cervical lymph nodes;
- problems with sleep.
Sometimes the symptoms of tonsillitis can be even pain in the abdomen and ears, as well as the appearance of a rash on the body. But most often the disease begins with a throat. Moreover, the pain in tonsillitis differs from a similar symptom arising in ARVI or even the flu. The inflammation of the tonsils makes itself felt very clearly - the throat hurts so much that it is difficult for a patient to simply communicate, not to mention eating and swallowing.
An important symptom of acute bacterial or viral tonsillitis is the appearance of a purulent deposit on the glands. It can completely cover the pharynx or be point-like - in the form of numerous, distinctly prominent, pustules.
From viral bacterial tonsillitis is distinguished by the patient's well-being. At the initial stage, the symptoms of diseases are identical. But as the temperature decreases, the well-being of patients with viral tonsillitis gradually improves. While patients with a bacterial form of the disease continue to experience severe weakness and malaise.Chronic tonsillitis
The chronic form of tonsillitis is considered even more unpleasant and dangerous. He gives in to treatment more poorly, and gives problems in the order more. With symptoms that signal an exacerbation of chronic decompensated tonsillitis, you need to apply urgently to a specialist. This form of the disease is terrible because the body can not cope with it with its own forces. The main features of it are:
- heat, sometimes accompanied by delirium;
- the formation of lumps in the throat (clusters of dead cells, pus, bacteria);
And the most worrying are the symptoms of allergic tonsillitis. This is another form of chronic tonsillitis, which,in addition to a disgusting state of health, is also fraught with serious complications. Against the background of toxic-allergic tonsillitis, lymphadenitis can develop, often there are problems with the cardiovascular system, kidneys, joints.
Having determined the disease at the initial stage, you can cope with it with the help of ordinary herbal rinses and sprays. But if you give tonsillitis even a little development, without a course of antibiotics to overcome it will be almost impossible. Suitable funds, their dosage and the duration of treatment will be determined by a specialist.
Bacterial tonsillitis: symptoms, causes and treatmentBacterial tonsillitis is a frequent "guest" in the homes of many people. Every adult person had to wake up at least once in his life with a terrible pain in his throat, although it was good yesterday before going to bed. In addition to pain, there are such symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis as temperature and malaise, caused by strong intoxication of the body. With the development of bacterial tonsillitis in a small child, in most cases there is a lack of appetite, as well as an increase and inflammation of the palatine tonsils.
Bacterial tonsillitis, a photo of which can be seen below, requires immediate and competent treatment under the supervision of an experienced doctor:
Pathogens and causes of bacterial tonsillitis
The impetus to the development of the disease most often becomes a one-time hit of a large number of pathogenic microorganisms in the body. Most often, the causative agent of the bacterial form of tonsillitis is hemolytic streptococcus belonging to group A, less often the disease causes Streptococcus C and G, as well as mycoplasmas and chlamydia.
In adults and teenagers, the streptococcal pathogen is very often detected.As for the incidence of bacterial tonsillitis in young children, then there is a certain pattern:the younger the child becomes ill, the less likely that the disease is of bacterial origin.
The cause of the development of bacterial tonsillitis is direct contact with a person who is already sick.
The main routes of infection are:
- through hugs and kisses;
- use of one laundry, for example towels;
- common dishes.
However, only contact with a sick person or the presence of pathogenic bacteria in the body is not enough for the development of the inflammatory process.
In addition, for the activation of bacteria and the development of their turbulent activity in the nasopharynx, favorable conditions are necessary, namely:
- hypothermia of the whole organism or only feet due to the soaking of shoes, the use of too cold drinks, etc.
Among the factors contributing to the development of the disease also include:
- frequent respiratory colds, decreased immunity (for example, during pregnancy), impaired quality of nasal respiration (the presence of polyps, enlarged adenoids, curvature of the nasal septum), chronic foci of inflammation in the nasopharynx (caries, sinusitis).
Proper treatment of bacterial tonsillitis at home
How correctly to treat a bacterial tonsillitis? What should I do first, noticing the first signs of bacterial tonsillitis? Of course, immediately seek help from a doctor.
Treatment of bacterial tonsillitis should be complex, including the following components:
- taking antibiotics for seven to ten days to fight bacteria;
- irrigation of mucous nasopharynx with solutions of antiseptics;
- gargling with a soda-iodine solution;
- inhalation with essential oils;
- taking antihistamines to relieve swelling.
Treatment of the main symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis, and its consequences implies mandatory strict bed rest.
It should continue throughout the entire intake of antibiotics, despite the fact that on the third day there will be a noticeable improvement in the patient's condition. Until full recovery, you should refrain from visiting public places and long walks.
The drug "Azithromycin" with bacterial tonsillitisOften prescribed azithromycin in bacterial tonsillitis, a drug belonging to the group of macrolides, and is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It is quickly absorbed into the digestive tract, perfectly penetrates the respiratory tract, skin and soft tissues. It is taken once a day, regardless of meals.
Improve the condition and accelerate the recovery will help a lot of sour drink, for example, Morse from cranberries or viburnum, tea with raspberries or lemon. The patient should be placed in an isolated, ventilated room, in which a daily wet cleaning is to be carried out.
Treatment of tonsillitis bacterial at home should be carried out in strict accordance with the recommendations of the doctor.
In no case should you change the dose of drugs or stop receiving them before the term.