Antibiotics for pneumonia
Treatment of any form of pneumonia is almost impossible without the appointment of antibiotics. Thanks to the fact that today you can see a fairly wide range of this type of drug, doctors can choose the right medicine for each individual case. But antibiotics for inflammation of the lungs sometimes bring a negative effect on the body, especially if it is wrong to take them.
Indications for use of antibiotics for pneumonia
To cure pneumonia, doctors often prescribe antibiotics with an antimicrobial effect. But it is worth noting that the use of such drugs should be under the supervision of a specialist. It is also necessary to remember some important rules for the use of antibiotics. First, if you have already started the course, it must be completed. It is important to observe exactly the dose that the doctor prescribed for you. Indications for the use of antibiotics for inflammation of the lungs completely depend on the severity of the disease, as well as on what kind of microbes or bacteria caused it. Today, antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action are very popular. They can be divided into these types:
- Penicillin: oxacillin, penicillin, augmentin, ampicillin, amoxicillin).
- Cephalosporin type: cefexim, cephalexin, cephilim.
- Macrolide: clarithromycin, erythromycin.
- Aminoklikozid: azithromycin, kanamycin, gentamicin.
- Tetracycline: minocycline, doxycycline, tetracycline.
- Fluoroquinol: ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin.
Only after the cause of infection has been established, a specialist can prescribe a course of treatment.
Form of issue
The form of release of antibiotics for pneumonia can be completely different. To date, produce antibiotics in the form of powder, tablets, capsules, solutions for injection. Depending on the severity of pneumonia, as well as what caused this inflammation, prescribe different medications. The most popular in recent years are injection solutions, which are not very pleasing to the patients themselves. The latter can be explained by the fact that courses of antibiotic treatment are usually seven days. Powders are quickly absorbed by the body, therefore within the first 24 hours after admission the patient can feel considerable relief, but do not interrupt treatment or reduce the dose of powder prescribed doctor. Tablets and capsules do not have such a rapid action as solutions and powders. They are prescribed for mild stages of pneumonia, when the patient is treated at home.
Antibiotics for pneumonia are various drugs that are prescribed in a variety of cases. Farmakodinamika them can differ from each other. We decided to show you the basic properties of preparations of this kind on the example of the popular antibiotic "Ceftriaxone".
This drug belongs to the semi-synthetic antibiotic cephalosporins from the third generation. Due to its chemical structure, it is highly effective against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The antibiotic quickly inhibits the synthesis of membranes in cells.
The pharmacokinetics of different antibiotics, which are used for inflammation of the lungs, can be completely different. Therefore, we consider it using the example of the popular preparation "Ceftriaxone".
This antibiotic is injected intramuscularly rather quickly after absorption by the body. The largest amount in the blood plasma is seen after 90 minutes after administration. Half-excreted from the body after eight hours. This period increases in infants and reaches the day. During the next 24 hours, the blood retains a high bactericidal concentration of the drug. Very quickly and without problems penetrates into the tissues, in small amounts is visible on the mucous membranes. Two days after the injection, partially (50%) is excreted along with the urine.
Use of antibiotics for pneumonia during pregnancy
Despite the fact that this is a rather serious disease, with the proper selection of antibiotics and other drugs, pneumonia is treated quickly and without complications during pregnancy. It is very important to remember that not all antibiotics can be safely used by future mothers. Of course, light drugs that treat the first stages of the disease do not harm pregnant women. They usually do not even have side effects. In severe pneumonia, antibiotics can be prescribed only when there is a risk to the life of the mother.
Contraindications for use
Some types of antibiotics that are used to treat pneumonia may have contraindications to the use. That is why it is very important to talk about this with your doctor before he appoints a course. Typically, antibiotics for inflammation of the lung have such contraindications as: an allergic reaction to the components of the drug, renal or hepatic insufficiency, a child's age, pregnancy. More specific information can always be read in the leaflet.
Some antibiotics do not have serious side effects. Sometimes patients report skin rashes, facial puffiness, headache, dizziness, panic attacks, insomnia, diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting. If you feel yourself in one of the above, you should immediately stop taking antibiotics and go to your doctor to change the course of treatment.
Names of antibiotics for pneumonia
Here everything depends on the degree of pneumonia. When hospitalized with pneumonia, when a patient simply has to stay in the hospital under the supervision of doctors, the following antibiotics are usually prescribed.
Amoxicillin. Antibiotic with antibacterial effect, which is a semi-synthetic penicillin. It is indicated for use in severe pneumonia. Due to its high acid resistance, it is absorbed in the intestines quite quickly and without consequences. Before you prescribe the drug, the doctor must find out if a person is sensitive to it. A special analysis is carried out for this purpose. The dose is usually set individually and depends on many factors. Assign to adults and children after ten years. Among the main side effects is possible to identify possible allergic reactions (mainly urticaria), rhinitis, Quincke's edema, fever, conjunctivitis. The drug is contraindicated in patients with erythema, infectious mononucleosis. Also not recommended for pregnant women.
Ticarcillin. This antibiotic is also a semi-synthetic penicillin. Has an antibacterial effect against a large number of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The drug is not recommended during pregnancy, as well as those who have impaired renal function. An antibiotic is usually sold in the form of a solution for injection. The course of treatment depends on the patient. Among the side effects are the following: hypokalemia, vomiting with nausea, diarrhea, allergic reactions to the skin. During the introduction of the drug into the body feels burning, pain, and redness may appear.
If the original scheme did not bring the expected results, use such antibiotics for pneumonia.
Cefepime. It is a highly effective antibacterial agent. Helps cure pneumonia, which was caused by gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria, as well as those that already have resistance to third-generation drugs. Very quickly enters the affected cell. Effective fights with many infectious diseases. It is usually released as a solution for injection and is administered intravenously or intramuscularly (depending on the individual situation). The main feature of the drug is the fact that it can be prescribed to young children and even infants from two months. The course of treatment is usually seven to ten days. There were practically no side effects from the drug, as it is well tolerated. Do not prescribe to patients with allergic reactions to the main substances of the antibiotic.
With community-acquired pneumonia, when the patient can be treated at home, such antibiotics are prescribed.
Azithromycin. The drug has a wide spectrum of action. As a rule, it is prescribed to patients for non-severe forms of pneumonia. Before the doctor prescribes an antibiotic for you, you need to analyze the sensitivity of your body. It is taken on an empty stomach (it is possible before meals or two hours after eating). Produced in the form of tablets. The drug can be given to children with a body weight of at least 10 kg. Among the main side effects, it is worth highlighting possible diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, allergic rashes. The drug should not be taken during pregnancy and during lactation. Be wary appoint patients with malfunctioning kidneys.
Clarithromycin. Quite a strong antibacterial drug. Usually it is prescribed in order to cure the various infectious processes that were caused by bacteria. Produced in the form of tablets, which can be taken regardless of the use of food. It is very important to go through the entire course of treatment prescribed by the doctor to the end. Usually the duration of treatment depends on the severity of the disease and is 4-12 days. Among the main side effects should be distinguished: skin rashes allergic type, stomatitis, nausea and vomiting, glossitis, changes in taste, dizziness, headache, insomnia, tachycardia, hypoglycemia. Do not take children under 12 years old, as well as those who may have allergies to the drug.
Antibiotics for pneumonia in tablets
Among the main antibiotics for pneumonia in tablets is:
- Ciprofloxacin. Antibiotic in the form of tablets, which acts on a fairly wide range of different bacteria. It is often prescribed for pneumonia. Quickly absorbed if taken on an empty stomach. The standard course of treatment is five to fifteen days, depending on the severity of the disease. The antibiotic is well tolerated. In some cases, allergic reactions, abdominal pain, swelling of the face, voice change, nausea, and lack of appetite are possible. The drug is contraindicated in patients with epilepsy, during pregnancy and lactation, in childhood.
- Doxycycline. Antibacterial drug, which refers to semisynthetic tetracyclines. It has a wide spectrum of action. Used to treat infections that were caused by those bacteria that are sensitive to the components of the drug. Produced in the form of tablets or capsules, which must be drunk after eating. It is very important to drink the product with plenty of liquid. Usually the course of taking the drug lasts up to fourteen days. After taking the antibiotic in some patients, nausea, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, allergies, swelling, and itching were seen. The drug should not be taken in the second half of pregnancy, with breastfeeding. It is forbidden to appoint children under the age of nine, patients with leukopenia, liver failure and porphyria.
Antibiotics for pneumonia in the form of injections
Among the main antibiotics in the form of injections, which are used to treat pneumonia, we can distinguish:
- Benzylpenicillin. An antibiotic, which is often prescribed for pneumonia. Has a wide range of effects on most bacteria that can cause pneumonia. Usually it is prescribed for severe disease. It is produced in the form of a powder, by means of which a solution for injections is made. During pregnancy, it is prescribed only if the life of the mother is threatened by a severe form of pneumonia. Among the side effects are allergic reactions, eosinophilia, rashes, swelling, vomiting and nausea, headache. The course of treatment is strictly individual.
- Ceftriaxone. The antibiotic is available in the form of a powder, which is used to prepare a solution for injections. It is usually administered intramuscularly, after which it is very well absorbed. Sometimes in individual cases, injected intravenously. Side effects are not always evident, as the drug is very well tolerated by patients. In some cases, there may be vomiting, nausea, headache, or diarrhea. Allergic skin reactions also appear. The course of admission is prescribed depending on the severity of the disease. Sometimes candidiasis can develop. The drug should not be taken during pregnancy or with liver failure.
Antibiotics for pneumonia in adults
The basis of any treatment of pneumonia is the appointment of antibiotics. Antibiotics for pneumonia in adults is treated, approximately, seven to ten days. It is very important to take exactly the amount of medicine that the doctor prescribed for you. The duration of the course usually depends on many factors: the form of the disease, how weak the immune system is in the patient, what its general condition is. Typically, in order to cure pneumonia in adults, the following treatment regimen is used:
- At first, antibiotics are prescribed, which have a fairly large range of action on different bacteria (ceftriaxone or suprax). Until the time when the exact causative agent of infection is detected, it is very important that a small amount of these antibacterial drugs is constantly present in the body. In accordance with this, an individual course is selected.
- If the patient has symptoms similar to the so-called atypical infections, you should immediately write out special antibiotics (clarithromycin, sumamed). At the same time, drugs that were prescribed earlier should not be refused.
- To achieve an effective result, whole combinations of different drugs are often prescribed. The most popular recently are: sumamed and suprax, ceftriaxone and clarithromycin (or vice versa).
- Sometimes the inflammation begins to progress, moving to other segments of the lungs. In this case, the best option would be such combinations: amikacin and ceftriaxone or augmentin with suprax.
- At the same time, adults are prescribed antibiotics that help to bring out sputum faster, eliminate alveolar inflammation (eg, ambroxol).
- If pneumonia is accompanied by fever, antipyretic agents should also be used.
Antibiotics for pneumonia in children
Bacterial pneumonia in children requires mandatory use of antibiotics. Before the results of tests for the types of bacteria that caused the disease are used, antibiotics of a wider scope (sumamed, augmentin, cefazolinum, ceftriaxone) are used. In addition, it is important to determine the clinical type of the disease in order to prescribe another drug, depending on it (immunal or ferocious). Before prescribing drugs, you need to make sure that the child does not have allergies to their ingredients. Antibiotics for pneumonia in children are taken no more than ten days. Even if wheezing and fever have disappeared, it is necessary to continue taking medications for another two to three days.
Methods and dosages of antibiotics for pneumonia
Usually, the methods of administration and doses of antibiotics for pneumonia are prescribed individually, depending on the patient's condition, the severity of the disease and the attendant symptoms. Sometimes the course can last even up to 15 days. But, remember, if you did not see improvement in the state after three to four for after the beginning of the admission, it is better to change the course of treatment.
Since the course of taking antibiotics for pneumonia is prescribed strictly by a doctor, an overdose is practically not possible. Do not try to increase or decrease the dose, this can lead to serious consequences.
Interactions with other drugs
Most antibiotics for pneumonia are prescribed in combination with other drugs (antipyretic, relieving inflammation, from sputum). Therefore, we can say that they interact well with other means.
The storage conditions for antibiotics depend on the form in which they are manufactured. Usually injectable solutions and powders are used in a shorter time. Also it is worth remembering that an open drug with a solution can not be reused, even if there is a drug left there. For more information, see the instructions that always come with the product.
First of all, it is worthwhile to understand that taking antibiotics with expired shelf life is unacceptable. This can lead to serious consequences. Overdue drugs most often cause side effects. No doctor can accurately predict how exactly this drug will behave in the body. That's why always check the expiration date of antibiotics, which are usually written on the drug package.
The best antibiotic for pneumonia
It is difficult to say that a single drug is better than the rest for the treatment of pneumonia. But recently the following antibiotics have proved to be well: tavanik, avelox, loxof. Usually they are taken one tablet once a day. It is best to combine antibiotics with other drugs (for example, with augmentin or amoxiclav). Within ten to fourteen days with this course of treatment, you can completely overcome pneumonia. In the event that even on the fourth day of antibiotics you do not see an improvement in your condition, and the body temperature keeps at a high level, you should consult your doctor. In such cases, azitro-sandoz or sumamed is often prescribed instead of augmentin.
Antibiotics for bronchitis
The thunderstorm of the autumn-spring period is bronchitis. Often it begins with a common cold and other respiratory diseases - sore throat or sinusitis. How to treat bronchitis correctly, only the doctor will say. Many people avoid using strong medicines and are treated with folk remedies. Often this is the reason for the transition of manifestations of bronchitis in the chronic course of the disease. Antibiotics for bronchitis should not be taken alone - be sure to contact your doctor.
Scheme of treatment of bronchitis and pneumonia with antibiotics
Treatment of inflammation of the respiratory tract is carried out in a hospital or outpatient. Light bronchitis is successfully eliminated at home, chronic or acute manifestations require hospitalization. Bronchitis and pneumonia are insidious diseases, so do not self-medicate. For adults and children, doctors prescribe different antibiotics and apply different healing procedures. Thus, antibiotics for bronchitis and the treatment regimen depend on:
- having a tendency to allergies;
- the nature of the disease (acute, chronic);
- type of pathogen;
- parameters of the drugs used (speed and spectrum of action, toxicity).
Antibiotics powerfully affect the human body, and their thoughtless use can harm, not help. For example, the use of strong drugs in the prevention of bronchitis can have the opposite effect. The constant intake of antibiotics inhibits immunity, promotes the emergence of dysbiosis, adaptation of strains of the disease to the drugs used. Therefore, it can not be said that antibiotics are the best remedy for bronchitis. Treatment of obstructive bronchitis with antibiotics is prescribed in the case of:
- if there is a high temperature (more than 38 degrees), which lasts longer than 3 days;
- purulent sputum;
- protracted nature of the disease - treatment for longer than a month does not bring recovery.
- manifesting severe symptoms during exacerbation.
- if the analysis of sputum revealed pathogens, bacterial or atypical nature.
What antibiotics to drink in adults with bronchitis? A specific treatment regimen is used based on the severity of the disease, its course and the age of the patient. With bronchitis of acute type, drugs of penicillin group are prescribed - Amoxicillin, Erythromycin. With chronic it is possible to use Amoxiclav, Augmentin. If this group of drugs does not help, they switch to the use of Rovamycin, Sumamed and others.
For the elderly, Flemoxin, Azithromycin, Suprax, Ceftriaxone are prescribed. If sputum analysis was not performed, then a wide range of antibiotics are preferred: Ampicillin, Streptocillin, Tetracycin, etc. After the analysis, the doctor prescribes directed drugs. The decision on what antibiotics to take when bronchitis in adults is taken by the attending physician. In any case, the following treatment principles should be adhered to:
- Drugs are taken strictly according to the instructions (dosage, schedule) at regular intervals.
- It is unacceptable to skip the reception of tablets.
- If the symptoms of bronchitis have disappeared - you can not arbitrarily stop treatment.
Unlike adults, the treatment of bronchitis in children with antibiotics is extremely undesirable and dangerous. It is allowed to use drugs only if there is a suspicion of an infectious type of disease. Children should take penicillin group drugs. For children with asthma, the use of azithromycin, erythromycin is allowed. In the rest the treatment scheme of the child is standard and is aimed at eliminating symptoms. Assign:
- bed rest, child care;
- drugs to reduce temperature;
- means for eliminating cough and sore throat;
- application of traditional medicine.
Groups of antibacterials of new generation
Penicillins (oxacillin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin). The group of drugs includes such as "Amoxiclav "Augmentin "Panklav etc. They have a bactericidal effect, they affect the formation of the protein wall of a harmful bacterium, as a result of which it dies. Preparations with it are considered the safest. The only negative is the ability to excite allergic reactions. If the disease is started and the drugs with penicillin do not have the proper effect, then they switch to strong drugs.
Macrolides. An extensive group of drugs, which include erythromycin, oleandomycin, midecamycin, dirithromycin, telithromycin, roxithromycin, clarithromycin. The brightest representatives of macrolides on the pharmacological market are preparations "Erythromycin "Claricin "Sumamed". The mechanism of action is directed to the disturbance of the vital activity of the microbial cell. In terms of safety, macrolides are less harmful than tetracyclines, fluoroquinols, more dangerous than penicillins, but they are good for people who are allergic. In combination with penicillins reduce their effectiveness.
Fluoroquinolones (pefloxacin, lomefloxacin, sparfloxacin, hemifloxacin, moxifloxacin). On the market, the drugs are presented by "Afelox "Afenoxin and medications that are of the same name with the main active substance, for example, "Moxifloxacin". This group is used as a medicine for bronchitis. It is prescribed only if the previous two groups of antibiotics did not affect the causative agent of the disease.
Cephalosporins (active substances - cephalexin, cefaclor, cefoperazone, cefepime). According to the type of pathogen, the patient is prescribed "Cefalexin "Cefuroxime axetil "Cefotaxime". Limited to the effect on some pathogens. For example, such antibiotics absolutely do not affect pneumococci, chlamydia, microplasmas, listeria. Preparations of the first generation are practically not absorbed into the blood, and therefore are administered in the form of injections.
Which antibiotics are the most effective?
Amoxicillin. Form release - capsules and granules. Adults take 500 mg (1-2 capsules) 3 times a day, if the bronchitis in severe form is doubled to 1000 mg. The child is prescribed from 100 to 250 mg per day, depending on the age. To facilitate admission for children, a suspension is prepared - in half a glass of water, the antibiotic is diluted and shaken. The method of intake is only oral, by injection the drug is not administered.
Sumamed. It is used for bronchitis and pneumonia. It is not used by patients with liver and kidney dysfunction. Produced by tablets, capsules, powder for suspensions. Dosage for adults - 500 mg per day, course 3-5 days. Children dose determined by weight - 5-30 mg of medicine per 1 kg. More accurate and correct dosage will be told only by a specialist, do not neglect medical opinion.
Levofloxacin and Moxifloxacin. They are positioned as antibiotics for chronic bronchitis in adults (over 18 years of age). Highly effective in pneumonia, sinusitis, pyelonephritis, infections of various etiologies. The use of this antibiotic is accompanied by a plentiful drink. Avoid direct contact with ultraviolet light of any origin. The form of release - tablets. Dosage - 1-2 times a day for 500 mg.
Cefazolin. Produced by powder for the preparation of infusions and injections. Methods of administration - only intravenously and intramuscularly. For adults, 3-4 injections per day on, 5-1 g. Therapeutic course - 7-10 days. The child's dose is determined proportionally to the weight of the child - 25-50 mg per 1 kg. Stabbing - 3-4 times a day. If patients have renal dysfunction, dosage adjustment is performed.
Antibiotics because of their nature have an extensive list of side effects. From the gastrointestinal tract - is diarrhea, vomiting, dysbiosis, constipation, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, flatulence, dry mouth. From the urogenital organs - itching, impotence, kidney failure, blood in the urine. On the part of the locomotor system - dizziness, arthritis, muscle weakness, numbness of the limbs, paralysis. Skin reactions are hives, itching, allergic reactions.
What antibiotics are prescribed for pneumonia?
Antibiotics - this is a group of drugs, which you have to face in this or that case, almost every person. Despite the fact that these drugs are considered serious, unfortunately, it is impossible to do without them, in particular, in the treatment of pneumonia. Which antibiotics for pneumonia are used especially often and why they are the most effective means to combat this disease, we will discuss in the article.
What factors influence the choice of a particular medication for pneumonia?
In medicine, pneumonia refers to a group of severe and life-threatening ailments. The causative agents of this disease can be both viruses and fungi. But most often the disease is caused by infection with bacteria - pneumococci, streptococci, staphylococci, etc. The area of the lung at the same time stops functioning normally, causing many severe consequences for the body.
Not so long ago, the main antibiotics for fighting lung inflammation were easy to identify, since this ailment was treated only with penicillin drugs. But, as it turned out, bacteria are able to develop resistance to drugs. Now these antibiotics may not be so effective, researchers had to develop new drugs. Nowadays, a huge number of them appeared, which is good, and at the same time it is difficult for the doctor, since now he has to take into account a lot of factors in order to find an adequate treatment.
What antibiotics for pneumonia will be prescribed, now depends on many factors: not only the form disease, but also its causes, the susceptibility of the body to this drug, as well as what preparations of this group have already been used by patients earlier.
How is the treatment prescribed for pneumonia?
In order to make the diagnosis as accurate as possible, the composition of the sputum of the patient determines the laboratory type of bacteria that triggered the disease. In the analysis of the analysis, as a rule, the pharmacological group is indicated, and among its preparations the doctor selects the one that has the least contraindications and side effects. This is mainly about the following groups of antibiotics:
- cephalosporins (Aksetin, Supraks, Cefixim, Zinat, etc.);
- fluoroquinolones ("Levofloxacin "Avelox "Moximak "Moxifloxacin etc.);
- macrolides ("Azithromycin "Chemomycetin "Sumamed etc.),
- group of tetracyclines (Doxycycline, Tetracycline, Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride, etc.).
Each of them contains active substances that allow the specialist to choose the most precisely what to treat pneumonia. Antibiotics are selected on the basis of a specific case, and in order to expand the scope of drugs, it is often necessary to designate funds from two groups at once.
The use of antibiotics depending on the pathogen
It is not so difficult to guess that each of the listed series best copes with certain types of pathogens of pneumonia. Thus, macrolides act best on the activity of pneumococci, which provoked pneumonia. Treatment with antibiotics from the group of fluoroquinolones in this case is ineffective, and to the preparations of the tetracycline series, these microorganisms are practically insensitive.
For the hemophilic rod, the most active drugs are fluoroquinolones, and if the disease is caused by enterobacteria - drugs from the group of third-generation cephalosporins. In the treatment of mycoplasmal or chlamydial pneumonia, as a rule, macrolides and antibiotics from the tetracycline group are chosen.
What antibiotics are used most often
Of course, in medical practice, there are antibiotics, with pneumonia the doctors are most popular. So, if the patient has not reached the age of 60, he does not have diabetes or pathologies of the cardiovascular system, then for the treatment of segmental or focal pneumonia specialists prefer the well-proven drugs "Avelox" and "Tavanik" (which, by the way, is preferable to its cheaper analogue "Loksof" or "Levofloxacin"). If they are taken in combination with the tablets "Amoxiclav" or "Augmentin then a positive effect can be achieved within two weeks after the beginning of the reception.
If the patient's condition does not improve and the temperature does not drop even on the fourth day, then other antibiotics should be selected against pneumonia. As a rule, in such cases, drugs "Azitro-Sandoz" or "Sumamed" instead of "Augmentin" are prescribed.
A good combination is also the use of "Sumamed" tablets (1 table. 1 time per day) in combination with intramuscular or intravenous injections of Fortum (2 mg 2 times a day).
Popular injections: antibiotics for pneumonia
The course of antibiotic injection for pneumonia usually takes seven to ten days. But in no case this treatment can not be carried out independently, without the appointment and supervision of a doctor, or to interrupt the prescribed course, having decided that the state of health has already improved. All this in the end will provoke the resistance of the surviving bacteria to the drugs, and the untreated or returned pathology will be more complicated, and it will be worse to treat.
Most often in the form of injections, the following antibiotics are used for pneumonia:
- "Ceftriaxone" (it is injected every 12 hours, diluting previously in a solution of novocaine).
- "Amoxicillin" in combination with the drug "Sulbaktam" (3 r. in a day).
- "Azithromycin" is administered intravenously. This is done slowly, drip, because this drug can not be injected intramuscularly.
By the way, it should be noted that with the appointment of antibiotics, there are several features. So, the conclusion that you need to replace this drug, you can do it only 2-3 days after the start of treatment. The reason for this decision may be the risk of serious side effects or excessive toxicity of any antibiotic that will not allow them to take them for a long time.
Basic rules for injection from pneumonia
Effective antibiotics for pneumonia can be selected only by a doctor. But if the patient is shown out-patient treatment, then someone will have to inject him. In this case, in order not to cause unnecessary complications, several rules should be observed.
- Remember that the course of antibiotic treatment for pneumonia can not be less than 10 days.
- When prescribing drugs for injection, which are available in the form of powders, remember: they can be diluted only immediately before the procedure. Do not do this in advance!
- To dilute antibiotics use saline, novocaine, lidocaine or water for injection. They are taken in the standard proportion: 1 g of the drug - 1 ml of liquid.
- Before the first injection, make a skin test. To do this, scratch with a sterile disposable needle from the syringe skin and apply a few drops of the prescribed remedy on the wound. If after 15 minutes she did not blush and began to itch, then there is no allergy to this medicine. Otherwise, it must be replaced.
- If after the injections remains a painful infiltration - it is applied to the iodine grid to accelerate resorption.
What antibiotics are considered to be reserve
In the case of severe pneumonia, the patient is assigned the so-called reserve drugs. That is, potent antibiotics, which are "left" by doctors for an extreme case (all this is done because of the easily developed resistance of bacteria to drugs).
Therefore, it is worth remembering their name. Antibiotics for pneumonia with severe course are "Ceftazidime "Timentine "Sparfloxacin "Tientam "Grimipenem". They are not prescribed in the case of mild or moderate severity of the disease, because no one is insured in the future from surgical interventions and similar health problems, when their application will be especially necessary.
What antibiotics should not be used
In view of the previously mentioned high resistance to drugs of microorganisms that caused pneumonia, treatment with antibiotics listed below will not give the desired effect. To such means carry:
- simple penicillins ("Bicellin "Ampicillin "Oxacillin etc.),
- cephalosporins of the first and second generation ("Cefazolin "Cefalexin "Cefamizin"),
- fluoroquinolones of the first and second generation ("Nalidixic acid "Norfloxacin "Ofloxacin" and "Ciprofloxacin").
Do not prescribe antibacterial therapy!
Finally, I want to emphasize that self-administration of antibiotics is very dangerous, but not only because they can cause serious side effects.
Regardless of what antibiotics are treated for pneumonia, microorganisms very quickly develop drug resistance to them. So, every new case, which will have to take these drugs, threatens that the expected action will not happen. This, of course, will prolong the course of the disease and cause various difficulties. Therefore, in order not to put yourself in the future in a difficult situation, do not engage in self-medication. And be healthy!
And how many injections are usually done with pneumonia? (Just wondering) Is it painful to do these injections?
Looking at what stage of pneumonia, but usually 7 pricks. But the injections are very painful (if you prescribe an antibiotic, it's better to stab him in lidocaine)
Penicillin injections do not hurt, but with the vitamins of group B, I remember, were very painful. Generally hard, of course, for 4-5 injections a day.
Everything depends on the severity, the disease and the choice of the treating doctor antibiotic, I was done 3 times a day for almost a month + droppers. I will say immediately the most painful injections are antibiotics and vitamins ((((
Let's count-an antibiotic, at least 2 times a day 10 days, 20... Vitamin B6, B12, Aloe-a day at least 10 days, 30... Analginum with dimedrolum 2 times a day the same 10 20... Total for a minimum of 70... And how many more drugs are there that you can add... In general, the priest "in a sieve" ...
Ofiget you can
Depends on what kind of "injections" you will be treated. You can do without them at all. Tablets.
Replacement of injections on tablets with pneumonia
all questions to the doctor in charge
With pneumonia, it's better not to take chances... injections are more effective ...
You can do injections yourself
A replacement is possible, but the doctor should make the appointment.
Tablets are much more harmful to the body, they strongly affect the stomach. Many side effects. It is best for you to do shots yourself, with proper skill it almost does not hurt.
slightly with a temperature of 39.5? Are you sure you can do it? If it could be cured with pills, no injections were prescribed. high temperature happens only with "good" processes, small-focal is unlikely to give. However, your child, you decide, rather, take risks. pills by the way "good" act on the stomach, from pricks popes quickly recover.