How to make a massage with pneumonia?
Those who are faced with an unpleasant lung disease, you should know that massage can help with pneumonia, which any person can do by studying the basic rules and stages of the procedure. It is impossible to cure such a serious illness with a single massage, so it is necessary to consult a doctor who prescribes antibiotics and other medications, but massage procedures are usually part of an integrated treatment.
Positive effect and types of massage
Symptoms of pneumonia are similar to common colds, but they can cause much more damage to the body, especially careful to be elderly people and children. The earlier the disease is identified, the easier it will be to treat.
Massage with pneumonia is not accidentally a common self-medication, because it does not take much time, does not require special skills, but the effect will be appreciable. Due to vibrations and movements, sputum in the lungs becomes more fluid, easier to remove from the body, which facilitates breathing of the patient. The muscles of the chest relax as a result of massage manipulations, spasms disappear. Strengthening the flow of blood and lymph to the respiratory organs contributes to their saturation with oxygen and increases resistance to the inflammatory process. In addition, the lungs are ventilated, and fresh air can stop the inflammation.
There are many different methods and methods for how to massage with pneumonia, which often include additional funds that have a positive effect on the patient's condition:
- the use of cans that create a vacuum effect that increases blood flow, removes harmful substances from the body together with sweat, warms your back, eliminates stagnation;
- point massage of certain areas of the body, which affects the respiratory system and improves the overall well-being of the patient;
- segmental effect, which enhances the flow of lymph by projecting pain in areas of the body far from affected by the disease;
- the use of honey during massage helps to warm up the back, supplies the body with useful elements, gives strength and vivacity;
- the use of special aromatic oils that facilitate breathing, the destruction of harmful bacteria in the air, getting rid of swelling.
Anterior part of thoraxBefore proceeding to massage procedures, you need to make sure that the patient has a normal body temperature and overall well-being so as not to cause harm. First of all, it is recommended to massage the thorax, after it the back and neck, and then you can repeat the first stage of the procedure.
The patient should lie face up on a hard surface. The most intensive movements should be in the intercostal part, under the collarbone, above the breastbone and in the hypochondrium. Avoid the zone of mammary glands in girls and nipples in men.
Begin usually with stroking movements directed from the bottom of the massaged area to the top. For better slip, you should use special oils or ointments, they can have a warming effect. Especially effective are gels containing medicinal herbs (chamomile, sage, thyme) or aromamasla (pine, eucalyptus, tea tree).
Then you should proceed to rubbing movements, using the ribs of the palms - such actions will warm up the patient's skin well, will increase the flow of blood. Comb-like rubbing should intensively work out the sternum region, while alternating them with stroking movements.
Then it is necessary to stretch the chest and clavicle well, tingling and stretching the skin. The final stage of this part of the procedure are vibrating and shaking movements, which are reduced to stroking.
Back and neck massageThe patient should be turned around to massage the muscles around the spine, shoulder blades and neck. This part of the procedure begins with stroking movements, which then turn into warming and rubbing. It is necessary to act sufficiently intensively that the skin noticeably flushed. These movements are easiest to implement by the base of the hand to provide a sufficiently strong pressure.
After this, it is necessary to stretch the muscles of the back and the scapula. To do this, you can press both hands on one area, and also use various mashing movements that are used in the massage. The procedure ends with vibrating movements of the hands, which are replaced by strokes.
Careful massage of the cervical region should be carried out after stretching the back of the patient using the same sequence and type of movements. It should be noted that the movement should be directed from the top of the neck to the back, which will increase the flow of lymph. The seventh vertebra should be studied especially diligently.Do not forget that the final massage is usually a re-massage of the thoracic part, which follows the same pattern as the first time. Usually the procedure lasts about 25 minutes, repeats every day or one. The course is about 10 sessions.
At the very end of each session, you can gently push on the chest from both sides at the same time, repeat this action should be approximately 5 times. If you feel discomfort after or during a massage, stop it and consult with a specialist. If the patient feels more vigorous after the session, then the massage will be an excellent assistant in the treatment of pneumonia.
Pneumonia in a child
Unfortunately, even the youngest children are not immune from this serious illness, so parents should know the basic ways of carrying out massage procedures for the child, and also take into account warnings and contraindications.If the disease is in full swing, then the baby should never be massaged, so the likelihood of harm is great. Massage is, rather, a means of eliminating residual symptoms of pneumonia in children. The procedure should be carried out with extreme caution, given that the pressure on the baby's skin should be less severe than with an adult's massage.
The positive effect, which is achieved through massage in children, is similar to its effect on adults: it normalizes blood circulation, muscle tone rises, more oxygen enters the respiratory system, sputum becomes lighter and lighter go out.
A popular children's massage is a drainage, as it effectively removes phlegm from the body due to vibrating movements. The baby should be put on the abdomen, substituting the breast for the breast to lower the head, then begin stroking movements, gradually replaced by slight tingling of the skin on either side of the spine along the entire back child. After that, you need to slightly push the fingers aside and make the same movements one more time. End this stage of the procedure need tingling in the child's sides, excluding the area of the armpits..
Then you should do the tapping movements, directed upwards diagonally, changing them to stroking. It is very important in the end of the procedure to give the baby a cough to get out of the lungs sputum. Duration of massage in children should not be more than 7-8 minutes.
Many people use acupressure to eliminate residual symptoms of pulmonary pneumonia. It consists in pressing certain points on the body, lasting about a minute:
- a cavity located in the lower part of the cervical zone;
- under the seventh vertebra;
- the area on the outside of the hand between the thumb and forefinger;
- phalanx on the thumb.
Remember that before you begin to massage your child, you need to consult a pediatrician to not doubt the safety of the procedure.
What to do with pneumonia?
Treatment of pneumonia can be carried out both in a hospital and at home, depending on the severity of the course of the disease. What to do with pneumonia, so that the recovery will come as soon as possible?
It is necessary, first of all, to comply with bed rest, balanced salt-free diet, to consume enough vitamins. The room where the patient is, should be ventilated regularly. Recommended massage, breathing exercises, physiotherapy. Treatment with antibiotics the doctor picks up individually: it depends on the type of pathogen.
Where does it hurt?Chest pain
What's bothering you?Cough
What it is necessary to survey?Lungs
How to inspect?Fluorography
What tests are needed?Antibodies to pneumococcus in serum
Who to contact?Pulmonologist
How to do inhalation with pneumonia?
The term "inhalation" means "inhalation". To conduct procedures for inhalation is recommended for inflammation of the lungs, trachea, bronchi.
Inhalation procedures can be of the following types:
- steam inhalation (aromahingilation) - is used for the treatment of ENT pathologies, in viral infections and chronic bronchitis;
- wet inhalation - inhalation of steam to prevent drying out of mucous membranes;
- oil inhalation - used for the prevention of acute inflammatory process of the respiratory system;
- Air inhalation - is more often used for inflammation in the bronchi or trachea;
- Ultrasonic inhalation - used to dilute sputum during pneumonia or pulmonary abscess;
- powder inhalation (insufflation) - is prescribed for the treatment of chronic form of rhinitis, viral infection, pulmonary tuberculosis.
Inhalation procedures for inflammatory processes in the lungs are necessary to improve the drainage capacity of the airways and ventilation lung function. Treatment with inhalations is recommended to be performed after the acute period of the illness.
Doctors recommend such a remedy for pneumonia, like Bioparox (fusafungin), a ready aerosol in a can, an antimicrobial agent of local action. Particles of the drug during spraying fall even in the most difficult places of the respiratory system, which greatly accelerates recovery. Bioparox is used for every four hours, the duration of the course of therapy is 7-10 days, no more.
In the inflammatory process in the lungs, the improvement of the condition is observed from the inhalation of the flavors of coniferous trees. However, not all patients have the opportunity to go to the forest and enjoy the healing air. Fortunately, there is an alternative - coniferous inhalation. It is enough to boil a pot of water, put a few twigs of pine, spruce, juniper into it, and breathe over the steam that forms. To increase the effect in the water, you can add a little baking soda. You can also arrange pine branches around the room, or light an aromatic lamp with essential oil of coniferous trees or coriander. Thanks to such simple actions, the air in the room will become fresh and cleaner.
Infusion for inhalation procedures can be prepared by adding the color of chamomile, sage, eucalyptus. The inhalation of vapors should be carried out in full breast, trying not to burn yourself, but so that the steam can penetrate into the most distant parts of the bronchi.
The most common folk remedy for inhalations is the inhalation of a couple of newly cooked potatoes. This is also an effective method, after which it is recommended to drink a glass of hot infusion of medicinal herbs: mint, melissa, St. John's wort, calendula, to fix the effect.
How to do massage with pneumonia?
Even in Soviet times, medical experts noticed a significant improvement in external respiration in patients with chronic pneumonia as a result of the massage. The massage procedure is carried out, starting from the nasal area and the nasolabial zone to stimulate nasal-reflex reflexes, which help to expand the lumen of the bronchi and make breathing deeper.
Produce a massage of the thoracic region - first the front part, then the back. When massage is used the main methods of the classical procedure: the use of strokes, rubbing, kneading, vibration.
Massaging of the chest starts from the bottom up. The procedure lasts an average of 10 to 15 minutes. The course of massage should be from 10 to 12 procedures, in a day or daily.
As a rule, massage is prescribed for 4-5 days from the beginning of treatment, from the moment of quieting of the acute period of inflammation.
Classical massage with the inflammatory process in the lungs involves the impact on the paravertebral zones, the widest and trapezius muscles, the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Do not forget about the interscapular gap and suprapattic zones, over- and subclavian area, acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints, large thoracic and anterior cog muscles. Particular attention is paid to the massaging of intercostal spaces, the diaphragmatic area (along the X-XII rib from the sternum to the axis of the spine).
As a result of such effects, especially in combination with drug therapy, the ventilation capacity of the lungs significantly improves, the separation of sputum increases. Increases the reserves of the respiratory system, facilitates the extensibility of the chest.
Contraindication to the use of massage procedures is the acute period of pneumonia, as well as the period of exacerbation of a chronic disease.
What are the injections done with pneumonia?
Antibacterial treatment plays an important role in the inflammatory process in the lungs. Such therapy should be appropriate:
- the earlier treatment is started, the better the disease prognosis;
- the course of treatment should be controlled bacteriologically;
- antibiotics should be used at a sufficient dosage and at such intervals of drug administration to provide an acceptable drug concentration in the bloodstream and lungs.
Injectable administration of drugs is more preferable than oral administration. The effect of antibiotics is manifested by the rapid disappearance of the phenomena of intoxication, the stabilization of temperature indicators, the improvement of the general condition of the patient. With positive dynamics during the week, antibiotics can be canceled. If the expected effect, on the contrary, is absent, after 2-3 days of treatment the drug can be replaced with another, as a rule, stronger.
Antibiotic for the treatment of pneumonia, the doctor chooses strictly individually: this depends on the severity of the disease and the general condition of the patient. Preparations are used according to the etiological signs of the disease:
- with pneumococcal infection - benzylpenicillin, sulfonamide drugs, erythromycin, tetracycline series, cephalosporin antibiotics, lincomycin;
- for Klebsiella pneumonia - biseptol, streptomycin in combination with levomitsetinom, gentamycin, cortine, ampicillin;
- with staphylococcal infection - tetracycline, erythromycin, streptomycin;
- with penicillin-resistant infection - nitrofuran series, gentamicin, oxacillin, lincomycin;
- with hemolytic streptococcus - cephalosporin and penicillin series, erythromycin, nitrofuran and tetracycline antibiotics;
- with pneumonia caused by Pfeiffer's wand - ampicillin, ceftriaxone, tetracycline, levomycetin;
- with Pseudomonas aeruginosa - sulfanilamide preparations, gentamicin, tetracycline;
- with escherichia - ampicillin, nitrofuran series, streptomycin in combination with sulfanilamide agents;
- with mycoplasma pneumonia - tetracycline series, erythromycin;
- with actinomycetes - tetracycline antibiotics;
- with Candida pneumonia - antifungal drugs.
In order to activate the immunobiological processes in the body, biogenic stimulants, for example, aloe extract (1 ml every day for two weeks, or every other day for month).
To maintain vascular tone, you can use preparations of caffeine, cordiamine. With weak cardiac activity (especially in elderly patients) cardiac glycosides are prescribed: strophanthin (1 ml, 25% solution), korglikon (1 ml, 6% solution).
What can not be done with pneumonia?
What medical measures are used for pneumonia, we have already figured out. Now, let's define what is not recommended for inflammation of the lungs:
- use alcohol (antibiotic therapy);
- to bear illness on legs, to run and jump during illness;
- in the presence of temperature - take a bath, shower, walk;
- go to the sauna and sauna;
- eat sweets, sugar;
- drink cold drinks;
- use animal fats, smoked products, fried and spicy dishes, pickled foods, carcinogens.
Compliance with bed rest is mandatory during the period of temperature rise and signs of intoxication.
Considerable attention should be paid to the patient's nutrition, especially during the fever period. Food is chosen diverse and easily assimilated, with sufficient vitamins. The following necessary daily intake of vitamins in the acute form of pneumonia is determined:
- vitamin B¹ - 12 mg;
- vitamin B² - 12 mg;
- pyridoxine - 18 mg;
- vitamin C - 400 mg;
- vitamin PP - 120 mg.
Complex multivitamin preparations lead to the norm most of the indicators of the functionality of the body. In addition, it is necessary to maintain the water-electrolyte balance, using a sufficient amount of liquid (ideally - fruit and vegetable freshly squeezed juices, milk with honey).
What to do after pneumonia?
With adequate qualified treatment, pneumonia always ends in a patient's recovery. In 70% of patients, pulmonary tissues are completely restored, 20% have a small pneumosclerotic region, 7% have a local carnification zone. To improve the rates of convalescence, patients who have suffered pneumonia are recommended the following:
- Do not smoke;
- avoid all kinds of hypothermia and overheating, dress according to the weather;
- acceptable sanatorium treatment, preferably in mountainous or forest regions;
- reduce the amount of fat and heavy food used;
- visiting beaches, swimming pools and saunas temporarily restricted;
- avoid crowded places, do not contact sick people;
- when forced contact with a sick person should wear a gauze bandage;
- ventilate the room, avoid excessive accumulation of dust, regularly conduct wet cleaning.
The first 6-12 months after the transferred pneumonia, the immune forces of the body will be weakened. This is due to severe intoxication and antibiotic treatment. Therefore, during this period, you should take care of your health especially carefully.
In a later period, it is recommended to carry out procedures for tempering the organism, to lead an active and mobile way of life. Particular attention should be paid to the right balanced diet - this will be the best prevention of a decrease in body immunity.
About the main recommendations we told you, the rest check with your doctor. Be healthy!
In addition to treatmentPhysiotherapy for pneumonia Antibiotics for pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs: the main measures of treatment at home
Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia is a serious and dangerous disease. It has an infectious nature, with improper treatment or lack of it can lead to serious complications, up to a lethal outcome, and, of course, requires consultation with a physician in the process treatment.
Pneumonia in children and people over 65 requires mandatory hospitalization.If you refused to go to the hospital and plan to be treated at home, then you need to know some rules that will help to successfully cope with this disease.
Treatment at home of pneumonia in adults lasts approximately10-14 days,a severe form will require at least 21 days of treatment.A similar situation with treatment in children. Consultation with a doctor is still necessary, because pneumonia requires complex treatment, primarily with antibiotics, correctly pick up which, given your condition, age, individual sensitivity to the drugs, the causative agent that caused the inflammation, can only specialist.
How to treat pneumonia in the home with folk remedies
Folk remedies are very effective as an additional treatment for pneumonia in the home, and we will dwell on them in more detail.
- Bed rest, regular airing of the room.
Clearing the respiratory tract from sputum. This is a very important aspect, contributing to a speedy recovery.
The main drug that can be used at home is inhalationwith pneumonia. In this case, you can use either a special inhaler purchased at a pharmacy, or use a saucepan or kettle by making a paper funnel on it.
Very effective inhalation with decoction of leaves of eucalyptus, sage, mint, chamomile, calendula, essential oils. You can alternate them with saline-alkaline inhalations (salt and soda in equal proportions).
However, inhalation should be used with caution: they are not recommended for high temperature and the presence of cardiovascular diseases.
For expectoration use the juice of black radish with honey, onion juice with sugar.
A well-proven cough remedy is boiled milk with butter and honey.
- To relieve the symptoms of intoxication (which often accompanies pneumonia) are well suitedtea from a dogrose, broth of mother-and-stepmother(2 spoons of leaves on a glass of water).
- Gorciniks with pneumonia and cans- their use promotes warming of tissues, resorption of inflammatory processes, strengthening of protective mechanisms of the immune system. However, it should be remembered that their use is contraindicated at high temperature and within 24 hours after its normalization, skin diseases, oncology, pregnancy.
Breathing exercises- it is necessary for bed rest to prevent the reduction of lung function. She needs to be engaged from the moment of temperature decrease and it is possible to do it directly in bed. The easiest and most effective way is to use an inflatable toy.
A good addition is a massage(nose area, thoracic region). Massage with pneumonia does not require special training, and it can be done by any of the family members of the patient: it is necessary to do stroking, rubbing the chest (immediately the front part from the bottom up, then from the back for 10-15 minutes daily, starting from 4-5 days after the start of treatment (ie, when the acute period of inflammation is already passed).
A very important component of successful treatment is adherence to the correct diet under pneumonia, water balance.
- A mandatory condition is the use of a large amount of liquid (at least two liters per day). This helps to remove toxic substances from the body.
- Useful broths of medicinal plants (mother-and-stepmother, chamomile, oregano, black elderberry, plantain leaves, pine buds) and their use as tea.
- The food should be light, diet. This is due to the fact that the organism spends a lot of energy during the period of illness to fight the pathogen, and digesting high-calorie food is additional energy expenditure.
How to treat pneumonia in the initial stage?The initial stage of the disease is often accompanied by a decrease in appetite. This is normal, do not overly "stuff" the patient, make him eat. In such periods it is best to confine yourself to fruit, fresh juices, compotes, in the initial stages recovery can be added to the diet of chicken broths, light soups, sour-milk products, boiled meat or fish, vegetables. Eat more often, but little by little.
Better to exclude from the diet until the recovery of products such as salt, sugar, fatty meat and dairy products, avoid fried foods, bakery and confectionery products, spicy sauces.
You should also take care of the intestinal microflora during antibiotic treatment and use sour-milk products - kefir, yogurts.
Hygiene of the oral cavity.
During the period of the disease it is recommended, in addition to the standard procedure for cleaning teeth, rinse the mouth and throat with a solution of baking soda, decoctions of herbs (sage, chamomile, calendula).
Use of antipyretics.
It should be noted that viruses in the body die precisely at a high temperature (above 38 degrees), so antipyretic drugs should be given to patients only if fever is poorly tolerated, otherwise it is better to suffer - this is a guarantee of speedy recovery. Antipyretics, like antibiotics, should be taken as prescribed by the doctor.
Do not hurt.
A serious obstacle to a successful recovery may be a mistaken belief that with pneumonia it is necessary to steak properly. This in any case can not be done. Elevated body temperature is in itself a great test for the cardiovascular system, so do not create additional stresses for it.
Also, during the illness, pneumonia can not be smoked, drink alcohol, carry the disease on your feet, take a bath, shower in the presence of temperature.
Not for the benefit during the treatment of the sick heat and stuffiness in the room, dry air, dust - all this contributes to the drying up of phlegm and prevents the body from fighting infection.
Thus, in order to cope with the inflammation of the lungs at home, it is necessary to consult a doctor on time, take antibiotics prescribed by him, provide the patient with bed rest, proper care, diet and copious drinking, carefully monitor his condition to prevent complications..