How to treat a cold in a newborn, babe
Before starting to treat a cold in a baby, an important rule is to immediately seek pediatric care. After the examination, the doctor will diagnose and prescribe the treatment.
Causes of rhinitis in babies
In newborns up to two months, the presence of a cold is not always the beginning of a respiratory disease. At this age in infants the mucous nasopharynx can not yet fully perform its functions, its work is insufficiently adjusted, therefore mucus can be allocated in enough plenty, it is a physiological runny nose in babies.
Of course, the main reason for a baby's runny nose is a common cold, as well as an acute viral infection or flu. In infections, the common cold in children up to the year is always accompanied by a strong mucosal edema, which significantly disturbs the baby's breathing.
Air in a megacity or even in a small town, and the whole modern life of a person is full of the presence of various chemical stimuli, which can cause an allergic reaction in the unhealthy baby, which manifests itself as a runny nose and sneezing, swelling of the nasopharyngeal mucosa.
In any case, especially if the infant is first ill, a pediatrician is required. If the baby has a fever, you should call the doctor at home, if there is not enough temperature, you should come to the reception. Especially do not postpone the doctor's call, if the child has a cough, lachrymation, he refuses the breast, becomes sluggish, whiny.
Features of the common cold in infants
It is easy to notice that the baby has sores easily, in the symptoms of the cold of the newborn and the adult there are no differences - the baby sneezes, breathing through the nose becomes difficult, mucous discharge from the nose appears. The child sniffs, sniffles, refuses to suck normally, often throws a breast or pacifier. But at this age, he can not blow his nose.
Therefore, the spout should be cleaned with a special aspirator mucus - aspirator, which are sold in pharmacies or departments for infants. You can use a syringe with a soft spout, which should be boiled, cooled, pressed to let the air out, put into the nasal passage, let go. All the mucus will be in the enema.
Do not use ordinary cotton buds with a solid base, which can damage the tender little baby. Also, you can not use syringes, because at such an early age, mucus from the nose can easily fall under pressure into the Eustachian tube, which can cause otitis in the baby.
Newborn children can not always in case of a lack of nasal breathing and shortness of breath go on breathing with the mouth. Medicine knows cases when a protracted runny nose in a child, a blockage with thick mucus of nasal passages, caused death of the baby, as the child suffocated. With a large accumulation of mucus, an uncleaned nose, it becomes numb in the bronchi and provokes bronchitis, and when you get a tube through the Eustachian tube in the ear - otitis develops. Treat this seemingly easy ailment in children up to a year as a cold with all seriousness.
Treatment of a cold in babiesHow to treat a runny nose in a newborn? The first thing to do, as we have said, is to clean the baby's nasal passages from the mucus with an aspirator. They are very convenient to use, you just need to adjust. If the discharge is not very much, as happens in infants after birth, you can make a wadded flagellum and im twist in the nose of the baby, after the procedure, the accumulated mucus will be on the flagellum, and the spout should be cleaned. Do not push it deeply!
General recommendations on the regimen for a cold in an infant
When the runny nose is accompanied by fever, it is not recommended to walk with the baby, especially in frosty weather, just do not bathe the baby. When the temperature becomes normal, you can walk, but in the windless weather, you can bathe 4 days after the obvious improvement in the child's condition.
As for nutrition, with a cold, the child's appetite is reduced, because it is hard for him to suck with a stuffy nose. During sucking, he suffocates, and when she is forced to breathe through her mouth, there is incomplete closure of the lips and suck, especially the baby's chest does not work. Also, against the background of ARI, a decrease in appetite is natural, since the body actively fights against a viral infection and an additional load on the digestive system, the liver is not needed in this case.
If the child refuses to eat, make every effort to have the baby breathing freely, clean the nose, do not be lazy, bury the vasoconstricting drops. A baby even in a period of illness should eat at least a third of the milk portion, and the break between feedings should be reduced. If you do not suck your breast - feed from a spoon, from a cup, from a syringe, it is important that the child receives food, because very quickly there is dehydration in infants, life-threatening.
If the child is more than 8 months old and has already tried the compotes, juices or herbal teas (see. how correctly to introduce the feeding of a child to a year), then you can drink it with such drinks. If the child is older than a year, in this case, the main thing is to give a good water to the baby, boiling water can be used as an additional liquid.
Also, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room in which the baby is located, use an air humidifier, wet the house every day or hang in wet diapers on the battery. When the air in the room is dry and dusty, the recovery of the baby becomes protracted. In the presence of high fever in infants it is recommended to knock down at a temperature above 38 ° C (cf. a detailed review of all antipyretic agents for children in suspensions and suppositories).
Drug-induced cold management
The modern pharmaceutical industry is rich in various remedies for the common cold. In the absence of temperature and other symptoms, treatment can be limited to using only local aids for instillation into the spout. It is more correct and safe for breastfeeders to instill drops into the nose than using various sprays.
The various seawater sprays advertised and recommended (Aqualor, Aquamaris, Quix, Otrivin baby, etc.) can not be used for infants, they are contraindicated in age. Moreover, they can provoke a purulent runny nose, get into the Eustachian tube, cause otitis, provoke spasm of the larynx.
When the swelling of the nasal mucosa becomes very significant, on the recommendation of the doctor, vasoconstrictive agents can be instilled. With the drugs of this action, one must be very cautious, measure only with droplets a special pipette, avoid overdose, and they can not be used for more than three days.
Among the vasoconstrictor drops for the treatment of rhinitis in babies can be used Nazol Baby, Nazivin, 1% for infants. To drip it is necessary not more often, than 1 time in six hours, is better for the night or before a daytime dream. After a one-time instillation, some mothers try to re-instill or continue to use vasoconstrictive drops for more than 3 days - this is unacceptable. In the case of an overdose, the child may have a heartbeat, vomiting, convulsions, etc. side effects. Ricochet syndrome is also possible, when receptors are blocked to the drug, and the rhinitis only intensifies.
You can use Vibrocil (a combination of antihistamine and vasoconstrictive action).
Drops with antiseptics
To preparations with antiseptic action carry Protorgol is a means on the basis of silver, (it is possible to order in the prescription department). You can also use eye drops sulfacil sodium - Albucid, they can also be used for instillation in the nose. Even such remedies should only be used as directed by the doctor.
Antiviral and immunomodulating agents
Any antiviral drugs and immunomodulators can be used only on indications, because The long-term consequences of using drugs that affect the immunity of the baby are still poorly understood (cf. antiviral drugs for orvi and influenza). With a cold, if the pediatrician finds it necessary, you can use - Grippferon, Viferon, Genferon-light.
Pediatrics is well proven Derinat - as an immunomodulator of natural origin, allowed for children since birth. This solution, which is easily tolerated by children, activates immunity to fight the disease.
It is more convenient to use the bottle without a dropper, since it is then more convenient to measure the number of drops with a simple pipette. Using the droppers that are in the kit with the medicine, you can exceed the dosage. Prophylactically, Derinat drips infants who have been in contact with sick people, 2 drops 2-3 times a day for 2-3 days. And if there are already signs of a cold, then 2 drops every, hour.
Traditional methods of treatment
Many are advised to begin treatment of the common cold with the help of breastfeeding. This should not be done. Yes, breast milk is useful, it contains antibodies that increase the immunity of the baby, but milk is not antibacterial or disinfectant, moreover, in the milk the bacteria multiply with an even faster rate, and this procedure is more likely to harm the baby than will help.
For infants it is not advisable to use folk remedies based on an irritating effect on the mucous membrane, for example - the Kalanchoe juice. Many grandmothers recommend bitter aloe juice for instilling in the nose to infants, but before using it, ripped leaves should lie in a cool place for 2-3 days, otherwise the juice can cause redness, irritation of the mucous in the child due to its high biological activity. If you run the risk of using the Kalanchoe juice, then you should dilute the fresh juice: with boiled water and bury 1 cap. 3 r / day.
Complications from a common cold in newborns
Is it necessary to treat a cold in a baby? After all, it passes most often independently. To treat rhinitis in a child up to a year should be necessary, first of all, to alleviate his condition, the baby can not tell what discomfort he has, but we all we know how hard it is to breathe, when the nose is stuffy, how the head hurts, the child is disturbed by a dream, there is dryness in the mouth and the tender skin on the wings of the nose and upper lip.
Read our articles on antibiotics for colds in children, and also how to treat colds in children. One of the complications that lead to a runny nose in a babe is weight loss and dehydration, since it is difficult to suck a breast or a mixture from a bottle to a baby.
Very often zealous mummies can often wipe and "vysmarkivat" infants, which can lead to sores on the wings of the nose, upper lip and under the nose. This causes pain in the baby, and the child becomes even more moody and whiny.
To treat a cold is necessary on time, until complete recovery. The most serious complication, which gives a runny nose in infants without treatment:
- Otitis middle purulent
- Acute bronchitis
- Bacterial conjunctivitis
How to treat a runny nose in a newborn?
Isolation of mucus from the spout of a newborn baby always causes anxiety in the mother, but not always a squelching nose is a symptom of the disease. Mucous in infants normally function not immediately, closer to three months. The child's organism tests itself, as it studies the functions "dry" and "wet." But moms can not sit with their hands folded, and they begin treating the cold in newborns from the outside, disorienting the body. That's why the rhinitis soon reappears, because testing is not over!Physiological cold
If the crumb is not yet three months old and the discharge from the spout is not accompanied by other symptoms, then the question of how to treat a runny nose in a newborn falls off by itself - in no way. This is the so-called physiological rhinitis. But if the mucus gives the child discomfort, then it is necessary to act. First, you should create a coolness in the house and increase the humidity of the air. A humidifier, an aquarium, a cup of water, a wet towel - any suitable option is suitable. If you do not know how and what to do, when the runny nose of the newborn has gone dry and peeled, every day, take a bath of hot water, and then breathe in pairs with crumbs. It is important not to allow the mucous spout to dry out. Some mothers drip breast milk into the spout. Indeed, it contains substances that help fight any disease, but it is very important to observe sterility, because milk is an ideal medium for microbes.Cold
If other catarrhal phenomena have joined the nasal congestion, then the drop of a cold can help the newborn both with drops and therapeutic baths. You can use calendula, sage, birch leaf and yarrow. For 50 grams of each herb for a large bath and 25 grams for a nursery filled with boiling water, and when the infusion has cooled to 37 degrees, we bathe the baby for about 20 minutes. The procedure is repeated five days in a row.
For the spout the simplest and most effective means is saline solution. The more likely to drip, the faster the runny nose will recede. Overdose is not possible. Be careful, since saline can only be digested, do not wash it with the nasopharynx! If the liquid enters the Eustachian tube, the middle ear may become inflamed. So, a cure for the common cold for newborns can cause otitis media. You can remove mucus only from the outside, because you can not leave the mucous dry. Soplets are a protection against bacteria. That is why drops from the common cold for newborns should be applied at night, when the baby can not fall asleep due to the stuffed nose. It will not be superfluous to lubricate with a turunda nozzle a whiting or peach oil.Drug-induced cold management
In order not to aggravate the situation, it is necessary to know how to cure a runny nose in a newborn without harm to other systems and organs. Achieving results is not always possible, as some funds from the common cold for babies provoke complications. For example, saline and euphorbium in children until a year provoke otitis, since dropsfall into the Eustachian tube.
Do not get involved in vasoconstrictive drugs (pharmacolin, nazivin, galazolin). They help to temporarily release the nose from the mucus, but provoke swelling. In addition, after five days, habituation is being developed.
Such drugs as zodak, claritin and fenistil in the common cold are recommended for use in cases when the allergic nature of the disease is known.
The practice of using for the newborn albucida in the common cold many pediatricians, including Dr. Komarovsky, criticize, because in the instructions to the drops there is not a word that they can be used to treat rhinitis etymology.
How to treat a cold in a baby
How to treat a baby with a cold to not hurt him, interests many parents. The first signs that the baby has a cold is the appearance of discharge from the nose, in addition, he begins to breathe very hard. Rhinitis is not a very serious disease, but you can not leave it as it is.It is necessary to begin to treat a runny nose in the baby when the first symptoms are found.Treat newborns very carefully, while taking into account the fact that the treatment of infants significantly differs from adult therapy. The faster you get rid of a cold in a child, the better.
With a cold, the child has a stuffy nose. Normal breathing is disturbed, since the baby has not yet formed the habit of breathing through the mouth. As a result, there may be problems with sleep and nutrition, because a child is very difficult to perform these procedures without full breathing. Because of the presence of a cold, the baby becomes irritable, looks tired, does not want to play, refuses to eat.
In the absence of treatment of the common cold, pathogenic microorganisms can enter the bronchi, which will cause the development of bronchitis. As practice shows, with timely treatment, it is possible to get rid of the problem in a short time. To date, there are several effective methods for treating a cold in a newborn. You can use both folk methods and medications. But it is worth remembering that the body of a young child is very sensitive, so even with the treatment of a cold the consultations of the attending physician should become mandatory. There are certain methods of treating the common cold in infants.
Drug-induced cold managementHow to treat a runny nose in a baby to have a symptom in a few days? To do this, you can use drugs that are sold in the pharmacy and are intended for the youngest. Very often specialists can assign drops of "Aquamaris".
They are soft enough, with their help several times a day to wash the newborn nose. This drug is one of the preventative.
In the event that there is nasal congestion and trouble with breathing, the effective drops will be "Vibrocil" or "Nasoferon", which quickly enough help to cure the baby. Drops of this type have a soft effect on the delicate mucous membrane of the baby's nose and, very importantly, they can be used simultaneously with breastfeeding.
Treatment of a common cold in newborns can be carried out with the drug "Nazivin". It is a vasoconstrictor, so it can not be used for more than 3 days. Experts recommend to instill these drops immediately before bedtime, and in the daytime use other means that treat as effectively, but are safer.
3 times a day a newborn can bury such drugs as Delufen, Vital and Laferon. The children's series of drugs "Clean Spout" received good reviews, which can be found in the form of drops and sprays.
General recommendations on how to treat a runny nose in a babyTo treat such a common problem as a runny nose, you can use other methods, but it is very important to follow the recommendations. The feet of a newborn should always be warm.
The room where the child spends a lot of time should not have drafts. Breastfeeding should be done as often as possible - this will help to strengthen immunity.
When a baby has a runny nose, an abundant drink is recommended. It is especially important to comply with this rule in the presence of lures or when feeding different kinds of mixtures and special porridges. As a disinfectant, you can use garlic. To do this, put a few lobules in the child's room, which will eliminate the infection in the air.
You can use a special device to collect the nozzles - a suction device. It looks like a small sized pear with a small tip. Despite the fact that the device is incredibly simple, it works very well and can be used for a month or more, it does not hurt the child.
To relieve the symptoms with a cold, you can use the recipes of traditional medicine.
Folk remedies for the treatment of a coldA rhinitis in a small child is an irritation of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx. To develop this problem can not only under the influence of infection, but also as a result of mechanical damage. In addition, numerous factors (dust, allergic reaction, smoke, etc.) can provoke emergence of discharge from the nose of a newborn, whose body has not yet been able to fully adapt to new environment.
Folk recipes for the treatment of the common cold contain basically herbs and plants, so they are considered as safe for babies. Of course, before starting their use, you still need to consult a pediatrician. More often for the treatment of newborn children use the following means:
- oils, aqueous solutions for instillation;
- herbal fluids intended for washing the nasopharynx;
- broths from root crops;
- infusions for oral administration based on medicinal plants;
- oil or ointment to lubricate the baby's nose.
In folk medicine, there are a huge number of recipes, but only a specialist will tell you which recipe is best used in your case. In this case, remember that all broths, infusions and other means must necessarily have a lower concentration than, for example, for the treatment of an older child.
Drops in the nose: traditional medicineDrops against the common cold in a newborn can be prepared independently from the natural ingredients that are in every home. Very good solution helps the kitchen salt (tsp) with boiled water (100 ml). Such salt drops should be heated to the temperature of the child's body.
In addition, drops in the nose that will kill germs, you can cook from onions with garlic. To do this, it is enough to mix the juice of garlic with onion juice. In connection with the fact that such a drug has a sufficiently aggressive effect on the mucous membrane, it must necessarily be mixed with boiled water in the proportion: 5.
Many parents use the juice from the leaves of aloe or Kalanchoe to treat the common cold. These plants are exactly in every house. In order to make a drop, you need to take a couple of leaves of a plant, wash them, then pour boiled water and squeeze the juice thoroughly. Such drops should be diluted with water in the ratio: 0. The water should be boiled and have room temperature. Prepared drops can be instilled in a newborn baby about 5 times a day, 2 drops in each nostril.
Drops against the common cold are the most effective treatment in the case of infants.
Take the juice from carrots or beets and mix it with the sea buckthorn oil, add a couple drops of garlic or onion juice. Dissolve this mixture with boiled water and drip into the baby's nose 2 times a day. If the baby reacts normally to honey, then it is possible to prepare special softening drops on its basis. Honey is a good antiseptic, which helps get rid of many problems of colds..
Warming for a newborn with a cold
Warming is considered to be an effective method of treating a cold in the smallest children. Use this method should be cautious, since there are some contraindications. Do not warm up if:
- the child has fever;
- coryza in the acute stage;
- there are symptoms that indicate the development of maxillary sinusitis or inflammation in the middle ear.
Pay more attention to traditional medicine in the treatment of a cold in an infant. Antibiotics can harm a child's health..
On how to treat a cold in a newborn, first of all you need to learn from a child's doctor and in no case do self-medication.
How to cure a cold in a baby: the main methods of treatmentAnxiety, tearfulness, disturbed sleep and diet - all these phenomena occur in the baby because of a common cold. If an adult cold does not cause special problems, then the viscous mucus in the nose seriously spoils the life.
When the spout is clogged, the child can not fully breathe and eat, which means that the normal functioning of the body is disrupted.
Mother gets no less. After all for her, the first months after the birth of a child are already difficult, and the poor state of health of the baby makes you nervous.
Therefore, parents try to get rid of this disease sooner.
Depending on the reasons for which the nose is clogged, how fast it is possible to cure a rhinitis in the baby.
Excess mucus in the nose of the child is caused by various factors.
- Adaptation of the body to new conditions of life. In this case, excessive mucus formation is a natural factor, and does not require treatment. This runny nose is called physiological. Parents should be patient and regularly cleanse the baby's nose. Soplyki flow particularly active in the first two months of life.
- Cold. Inflammatory rhinitis in infants requires the same treatment as in adults. Rhinitis can not be cured quickly. The time interval for the formation of snot for this reason is 1-2 weeks.
- Allergic reaction. Young children are often exposed to allergens: food, dust, animal hair, cigarette smoke, etc. Excessive secretion of mucus in the nose will cease immediately, as soon as the source of allergy is eliminated.
- Other reasons. Sometimes the nozzle begins to become entangled due to hypothermia. Parents usually warmly wear the baby, but if this happens, then in order to pass a runny nose, you just need to warm the handles and legs of the baby. In some cases, an excess of mucus in the nose can occur during the period of teething. Usually 2-3 days later, this runny nose passes by itself.
In order to determine the cause of the onset of a cold in a newborn, one should observe the quality of mucus and the attendant symptoms. If slime is viscous, yellow or, conversely, transparent and constantly flows, then you need to see a doctor, since in In the first case, this may indicate the presence of bacterial infection in the nose, and in the second - the allergic nature coryza. Adding to the snot temperature, coughing, lethargy and lack of appetite characterizes the common cold. The cause of green snot in a newborn can also be a bacterial component, treatment is carried out with aerosol antibiotics (Mupirocin, Protargol, Bioparox, Framicetin, Fusafyunzhin).
Treatment of Komarovsky
A well-known children's doctor and TV presenter, Dr. Komarovsky, believes that it is necessary to treat a runny nose in a baby. If the process is neglected, then a dangerous complication can arise - otitis. Since children do not know how to blow their nose, the situation, in which the snot becomes viscous or wither, is dangerous. All the recommendations of the doctor are directed, first of all, to prevent thickening of mucus and crust formation.
Komarovsky notes that the rhinitis itself is treated differently, depending on the type of ailment. But no matter what the snot, allergens or bacteria caused by, the care of a sick child is the same.
The doctor focuses on the following rules for treating a cold in a baby:
- The room where the child is located should be often ventilated;
- It is necessary to maintain the humidity in the room, it is strictly forbidden to dry the air with heaters;
- for liquefaction of mucus as often as possible (after 30-60 minutes) to dig in the nose several drops of saline or decoction of chamomile;
- several times a day (when there is a lot of mucus) to remove liquid from the nose with special devices;
- Bury vasoconstrictive drops, if there is a strong swelling of the mucosa;
- treat the infection with antiviral drops;
- daily do wet cleaning in the room;
- Avoid contact with allergens;
- in the intervals between feeding, give the child clean water.
Komarovsky believes that if you comply with all these rules, then at least a cold will not be cured much faster, but it will be possible to avoid complications.
MedicationIf the baby has snot, then do not rush to choose a medical drop. First, the child should be examined by a doctor. Before the arrival of a doctor, you can alleviate the condition of the patient with vasoconstrictive drops that are intended for infants. This means must be in the medicine cabinet, since if the nose is completely laid, the child simply can not eat.
The appearance of green snot in a baby is a very dangerous phenomenon, since the baby is not able to blow your nose yourself, purulent snot can flow into the bronchi and lower or into the baby's ears, that will lead to otitis.
The doctor can prescribe the following medicines:
- vasoconstrictive drops, if they are not in the medicine cabinet;
- moisturizing drops with sea salt;
- antiviral drops, for example, Gripferon;
- means for cleansing the nasal sinuses (Aqualor Baby, Quiv, Miramistin Spray or Drops, Physiomer);
- antibacterial agents, immunomodulators, for example, suppositories Viferon.
After acquiring all the necessary drugs, treatment should be carried out in a certain sequence:
- In order for the treatment to be effective, thick mucus should be diluted. Droplets based on sea water will help in this. To treat infants, you should not use regular nasal sprays. If the pressure of the jet is too strong, the mucus can enter the Eustachian tube and cause inflammation of the ears. Therefore, it is worth choosing those drops that need to be buried. It is useful to buy a thin pipette, since in some bottles the tube of the dispenser may be too thick.
- After the snot has become liquid, they need to be removed from the nasal passages by an aspirator. Instead of a special device, you can use a small rubber pear. The main thing is that the child is not afraid of accommodation. You can not remove mucus with cotton buds. Any careless movement of the child can lead to trauma to the mucous membranes of the nose.
- If pronounced edema of the mucosa is observed, then vasoconstrictor drops should be dripped. But you need to remember that this tool can be used no more than 3 days. A child of three months can drip only 1 drop. With age, the dosage increases, but, in any case, it is important not to overdo it.
- When the nasal cavity is cleared, it is necessary to treat directly the runny nose with those drops that the doctor prescribed. Funds in the nose should be instilled strictly according to the instructions.
How to cure a cold in a baby will tell folk medicine. The recipes contain exclusively healing herbs, but their anti-inflammatory, softening and thinning properties cope with mucus in the nose is not worse, and sometimes better than medicines.
Among the medicinal plants is well known pharmacy chamomile. An infusion for digestion into the nose is prepared from it. It does not cause allergies, softens and moisturizes the nasal mucosa, fights infection. From the first days of life with a cold in your nose, you are advised to dig in the aloe juice, diluted in boiled water. This is an excellent remedy for fighting infection.
To cleanse the nasal sinuses, the baby is well suited for solutions based on sea water or washing the nose with saline solution.
At home, you can prepare saline solution, which the baby is washed with the nose. The aqueous solution should contain,% of the salt, which corresponds to the blood plasma (by salt content).
If the child has caught a cold, it is very useful to spread around the crib sliced fresh garlic. Its tart odor perfectly heals the runny nose. Contrary to the prevailing opinion, you can not wash the nose of the baby breast milk. In the event that there is an infection in the nose, digging in the milk will only do harm, as the bacteria will multiply more actively in this environment.
To treat infants, infusions of medicinal plants should have a minimum concentration. Do not use recipes that contain allergens, such as honey, essential oils..