Drugs for cold and flu: a list of the best means of rapid action
Every year during the seasonal temperature fluctuations people suffer from many unpleasant symptoms caused by a cold.
In pharmacy chains, the assortment of antiviral drugs simply overshoots its diversity.
Medicines differ not only in price, but also in the principle of action, the form of release, the composition.
Naturally, you do not need to prescribe drugs for yourself against colds, but to get a little guidance in such means, you should familiarize yourself with the proposed article. A list of cold medicines will help you understand the characteristics of each drug.
Arbidol, Teraflu, Anaferon
Arbidol - a pill against viruses, covered with a film membrane. Their main active component is umifenovir, auxiliary: potato starch, microcrystalline cellulose. The agent is shown when:
- acute respiratory disease (ARI);
- severe respiratory syndrome;
- influenza type B, A,
Tablets for catarrhal diseases and flu are high-speed. They will help improve the patient's condition the very next day after the start of the course of treatment.
Arbidol has no contraindications. The only caveat when using it: can not be used for children under 3 years old. Babies under the age of 12 are given 1 tablet per day, and 2 tablets for adults and children over 12 years of age.
For healthy patients, this remedy for colds is not prescribed.
It must be diluted with hot boiled water. The main active ingredient is paracetamol. The auxiliary substances were phenyramine maleate, phenylephrine hydrochloride.
It is a remedy for a new generation of colds. It can relieve the ailment and the common cold in just a day, but on condition that the doctor's orders and bed rest are strictly observed. Teraflu is characterized by the action:
Powder is forbidden to be taken together with beta-blockers and antidepressants. Do not prescribe Teraflu patients with diabetes mellitus, pregnant women, lactating women, people suffering from alcoholism, children under 12 years of age.
The medicine is fast, but it's best to apply it carefully. This is relevant if the patient suffers from arterial hypertension, severe impairment of kidneys, liver.
AnaferonTablets for colds and flu contain antibodies that activate the functioning of human immunity. The drug is recommended for treatment of children aged 12 years and adults. For babies is a special tool Anaferon child. It can be used from 1 year of life.
You should know that this medicine is not only against viruses, but also to strengthen the immune system during seasonal air temperature fluctuations. It well helps to treat herpesvirus infection in mild form.
Cure for colds Anaferon:
- acts quickly;
- has no contraindications;
- does not cause adverse reactions.
From the drug should be discarded only with the individual intolerance of any of its components. In very rare cases, a skin rash is possible.
Kagocel, Coldrex, Antigrippin
Kagocel is the best quick-acting remedy for colds. Not suitable for children under 3 years, pregnant women and during lactation. Do not take pills with individual intolerance.
Preparations of such a plan are well used for getting rid of a cold, herpes, flu, acute viral infection. Kagocel is also suitable for the prevention of these ailments.
In order not to fall ill during the autumn period, it is enough to take 1 tablet every day for a week. If the common cold has already begun, it should be taken 2 times a day in the first few days. Children are given 1 tablet each.
Provided that the patient clearly follows the prescriptions of the doctor and strictly adheres to the instructions for use, the possibility of developing adverse reactions of the body is negligible. When a patient notes the development of an allergy, you need to stop taking the medication and consult a doctor to replace it.
This remedy for cold is presented in the form of a powder. It should be boiled and drunk hot. The drug Coldrex is characterized by a powerful antiviral effect and helps to cope with signs of ARVI. The list of symptoms, except for the common cold, included:
- nasal congestion;
- increased body temperature;
- aches in the joints;
- uncomfortable sensations in the throat.
Adult remedy for cold and flu in the first days of illness should be taken 1 packet every 4 hours. Once the symptoms stop, the powder is not necessary. The maximum course of therapy should not be more than 5 days in a row.
If there was an overdose, the patient risks getting a serious liver damage. In addition, long-term use of the drug increases the chance of developing side effects, for example, disturbances of a night dream, rising of a level of arterial pressure, attacks of a nausea, head pain.
It is necessary to refrain from treatment with Koldreksom without prior consultation of the attending physician.
Another preparation against viruses is Antigrippin. It is believed that the medicine is the best and helps from the common cold, colds quickly and effectively. The drug is in the form of a pill, like many similar drugs. Assign it to patients from 15 years.
To help with bacterial infection this medicine can not. Take it should be 1 piece 2-3 times a day to improve the patient's well-being.
Antigrippin should not be taken to children with increased sensitivity to vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and paracetamol. Also he is banned for such violations:
- renal failure;
- hyperplasia of the prostate.
Contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. With special care is assigned to patients with viral hepatitis, alcohol dependence, the elderly.
Fervex, Amiksin, IngavirinThere are drugs that instantly help with colds. To such it is customary to include the Fervex powder. No less effective it will be with the disease of rhinopharyngitis.
Powder can be taken in conjunction with other medicines against the flu. If the phase of the disease is acute, a dose of 1 packet is recommended three times a day. During therapy, the interval between use should be at least 4 hours.
The drug should not be taken to sick people suffering from kidney failure, excessive sensitivity to its individual components. During pregnancy, he is only allowed from the second trimester.
As for the period of lactation, some components of the remedy can penetrate into breast milk. For this reason, it is better to refuse from Fervex at this time.
It is forbidden to combine medicine for cold with alcohol-containing products. This can provoke severe liver damage. Sometimes patients complain of the development of adverse reactions:
- pain syndrome in the abdominal cavity;
Very rarely allergic reactions can begin, for example, skin itching, rashes.
This antiviral agent has an immunomodulatory effect. Produced in the form of tablets, the main active ingredient is tilaxine. Auxiliary components of croscarmellose sodium, calcium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose.
Tablets are perfectly combined with other drugs against viruses, influenza. During seasonal temperature fluctuations can be used to prevent ARVI (in adults and children).
Adult patients with flu and cold should take 1 tablet once a day for 3 days. For prophylaxis take 1 piece. The drug can not be administered to patients with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug, during pregnancy, lactation.
IngavirinMedicines for colds and flu under this name are made in the form of capsules. Ingavirin helps quickly and efficiently. Heat, headache, uncomfortable sensations in the throat, aches in the body are already a day after taking the remedy.
It is not recommended for patients younger than 18 years of age. The main active ingredient is vitaglutam, auxiliary ones are potato starch, magnesium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide.
Capsules are prescribed to drink 1 time per day, regardless of food. Usually the general course of treatment does not exceed 5-7 days. Begin therapy immediately after the onset of the first symptoms of the disease, for example, the common cold. When treatment is delayed, the remedy, like the rest of the drugs, begins to work with less efficiency.
So, if the first capsule was drunk a few days after the onset of the illness, the result can not come quickly.
Viferon, Anvimax, Grippferon
Many of the above cold remedies and cold medications are not always allowed for future and young nursing mothers, children. Therefore, the treatment of colds, runny nose, SARS in these patients can not do without the drug Viferon.Candles, perhaps, are the fastest means of treating viral diseases. They have no contraindications except the first trimester of pregnancy. Such an effective medicine during flu and cold helps to get rid of the symptoms.
Viferon is better than tablets and other drugs coping with ARI. Adult patients are prescribed 1 suppository three times a day. Children from the year the dosage is reduced to 1 candle a day. And it should be noted that this is an extremely effective treatment for Orvi and influenza in the home
Side effects of those who used drugs for cold and flu in candles are usually absent. Allergic skin rash and itching occurs only in very extreme cases. If this happens, the treatment is canceled and other drugs used against the common cold and viruses. The list of allowed funds is very extensive.
Remedy for cold and flu Anemax is presented in the form of a powder. It is necessary for symptomatic therapy, it can not affect the underlying cause of the disease. The structure includes:
- ascorbic acid;
Patients with excessive sensitivity to these components should use these drugs against the common cold and other cold symptoms with extreme caution. Powder is the best remedy among the rest. Anvimax is a quick-acting drug that removes body temperature, headaches, aches and pain in the throat. If applied correctly, the medicine helps to overcome the disease in a short time.Powder can not be administered to patients younger than 18 years of age, people with kidney failure, sarcoidosis, chronic alcohol dependence, hypercalcemia, phenylketonuria.
Like many other cold medicines, Animax can not be a remedy for pregnant and lactating women.
Take the powder strictly according to the instructions. During an exacerbation of a symptomatology it is necessary to drink on 1 package from 2 to 3 times a day. On average, the course should not be longer than 5 days in a row.
Grippferon is a good medication based on interferon, which helps fight viruses. It is also characterized by immunomodulating effect on the body.
The medication is allowed for the treatment of pregnant women and children under one year. The only contraindication is intolerance of individual components. The course of treatment is 5-7 days.
Named tablets and other drugs - this is not a complete list of effective drugs. Funds from the flu should be selected individually. However, even in this case, it is impossible to avoid the development of adverse reactions. Therefore, the treatment process should be under the supervision of a doctor, as detailed in the video in this article.
Effective drugs for ARVI and influenza
At the time of worsening epidemiological situation, the question of how to effectively treat ARVI and influenza is very acute; drugs that modern pharmacological industry, help not only to eliminate the symptoms of viral diseases, but also to influence the mechanisms of their development, which makes them the main means of treatment virus infections.
Influenza is a part of the ARVI group, so this type of illness is similar in its symptoms. The difference is the duration of the incubation period, the course of the disease and the complications of advanced forms of the disease. The similarity of the symptoms makes it possible to apply an identical remedy for cold and flu for therapeutic therapy.
Features of viral infections
To select the effective treatment of viral respiratory diseases, the doctor focuses on such symptoms as:
- fever, chills;
- pain in the muscles;
- general malaise, weakness;
- high body temperature;
- change in the condition of the lymph nodes;
- inflammatory processes in the airways.
In some cases, there may be swelling of the larynx mucosa, coughing and lacrimation. Influenza begins suddenly and has more severe symptoms than SARS or ARI. With a typical manifestation of these types of viral infection and their course for more than 7 days, the doctor prescribes effective medications for cold and flu. Especially it concerns small children, if begun ORVI is complicated by additional symptoms from other organs. Of great importance in this case is antiviral therapy, which consists of three main areas:
- influence on the cause of the disease and directly on the virus-causative agent with the help of etiotropic drugs;
- influence on the mechanisms of the development of the disease;
- elimination of painful symptoms.
When new symptoms appear in the form of a cough, runny nose, fever, only the use of antiviral medicines helps. During this period, active propagation of the virus-agent occurs, therefore, as soon as the patient began to observe these symptoms of a cold, these medications must be taken immediately. After a few days, taking these medicines will be useless.
Classification of antiviral agents
Drugs from influenza and colds are divided into several groups:
- interferons and their inducers;
- antiviral antibiotics;
- antiviral phytopreparations;
- stimulants of immunity - immunomodulators.
Due to their effectiveness, the multiplication of viruses in cells ceases, which allows us to further protect the body from a virus attack.Interferon is a powder that is dissolved in boiled water.
It is taken immediately before contact with the infected person and before leaving for places with a large population of people. Use the drug as follows: dissolved powder is injected into each nasal canal for 5 drops for 2 times a day.
For today it is the best remedy for viral diseases. The earlier his reception is begun, the more effective he will show himself. When the infection begins, the dosage of the drug is changed. The drug is administered 5 drops every 2 hours (5 times a day).
Treatment continues for three days. You can treat the disease with Interferon, using it as a substance for inhalation: in 10 ml of warm water dilute 3 ampoules. The thermal procedure is carried out 2 times a day for 3 days.To this group of drugs is another means for influenza and viral infections - Grippferon, which is a combined preparation of preventive and curative action. The drug is instilled in the nasal passages every 4 hours for 3 drops. If the patient is sensitive to the components of the drug, its use is discontinued. It is contraindicated for pregnant women, especially in the early stages.
ARI and influenza are treated with Viferon. Recently, doctors recommend it for treatment of young children as the best tool to help stimulate the formation of interferons in the body. Have a depressing effect on different groups of viruses such drugs from the flu and SARS as Amiksin, Lavomax, where the active substance is tilorona.
Arpeflus, Arbidol, Immustat - a group of drugs that help increase the body's resistance to viral infections. The main substance in them is Umifenovir.
Other antiviral agents
Treatment for colds and influenza is also carried out with the help of other drugs that inhibit the process of reproduction of the virus by affecting its shell. These medications include Remavir, Rimantadine.For children this type of medicine is prescribed for treatment and prevention. Packaged powders are diluted in water and given in the scheme. As a preventive tool, it is recommended to drink the medicine for two weeks with 1 diluted bag (the dosage varies according to the age of the child).
All these groups of drugs have side effects and contraindications. To avoid severe consequences, it is necessary to carry out a sensitivity test and strictly observe the dosages for the treatment prescribed by the doctor. The most common side effects are nausea, dizziness, stools, hypertension, allergies. Especially cautiously should take these drugs to people with kidney disease.
Other types of drugs that act solely on the influenza virus are neuraminidase inhibitors. These include Zanamivir, Relenza. These drugs are used only as inhalants as a curative and preventive agent. Preparations in which the active substance is Zanamivir, have a high degree of toxicity, which demonstrates a large number of side effects. Very carefully it should be taken to people with kidney diseases and prone to allergic reactions.
Preparations of the natural groupInhibiting the activity of influenza virus neuraminidase and helping the body to produce its own interferon are antiviral drugs of plant origin.
Effective of these are Proteflazid, Flavozid, Altabor, Immunoflazidum in which the active substance acts alder extract. This type of medicines has not only antiviral, but also antibacterial action. For medicinal and prophylactic purposes, the medicine is taken three times a day, dissolving two tablets. The course of treatment is 7 days.
If a patient has increased sensitivity to this group of drugs, the doctor appoints others. Against the background of long-term use of drugs in this group, there may be an allergic reaction. When pregnancy and breast-feeding, they are also not recommended.
By reduction and cessation of virus multiplication leads reception Proteflazid, Flavozid, Immunoflazidum which are made based on medicinal herbs pike turfy reed and ground.This group of medicines is also characteristic of its immunomodulating feature. Doctors appoint them as a curative and preventive agent. Immunoflazid - syrup, which is used for two weeks twice a day for 9 ml. With a preventive purpose, it is consumed within a month.
Preparation Flavozid take the following scheme: 5 ml twice daily from the first to the third day of the disease, starting from the fourth - 8 ml. Preparations made on the basis of phytocomponents almost never show side effects. Their reception is contraindicated only to pregnant women in the first trimester, as well as during lactation.
Complex homeopathic antiviral drugs that suppress the active action of viruses are Engystol, Sagrippin, Amizon, which have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, interferonogenic properties.
Treatment of children
In acute respiratory viral diseases, pediatricians recommend the use of homeopathic medicines - candles, powders, syrups. These types of drugs actively suppress viral attacks and increase the protective properties of the child's body. These include Viburkol and Aflubin, Gripp-Heel, EDAS-903 and others. Significant effectiveness of these drugs with simple forms of viral diseases.Some pediatricians are inclined to believe that not all phyto-drugs have an effective antiviral effect, so they advise not to experiment with the health of the child. If the drug does not begin to show therapeutic effect within 24 hours, it should be replaced with a drug of another group.
Treatment of influenza and colds in children is carried out with drugs such as Arbidol, Rimantadine, Ribavirin, Tamiflu. In some cases, it is recommended to take Acyclovir, which acts on many types of viruses. Rimantadine, as a rule, is used only to neutralize the influenza virus, it does not have the proper effect on other types of viruses.
This drug is considered the most in demand during the flu epidemic as a preventive. It is shown in the treatment of children and Ribavirin, which in its spectrum of action is very similar to Rimantadine. In addition, it has a depressing effect on the virus that causes pneumonia in infants. If there is a decrease in the effectiveness of rimantadine, it is advised to replace it with Ribavirin.
The spread of the virus in the child's body delays Arbidol. Despite its popularity in ARVI, it can only have a curative effect on influenza viruses. Of all antiviral drugs for children, Tamiflu is recognized as the most effective..
Its activity is observed not only in the early stages of the disease, but also in the period of exacerbation. Its effect is several times stronger than other drugs. Tamiflu has side effects, so it is prescribed only to children who are 12 years old.
Assign drugs and interferon group with a child's dosage - suppositories Viferon, drops Grippferon, suppositories Kipferon. The drug of the new domestic pharmacy Derinat, despite its recent existence on the pharmacological market, has won many positive reviews.
It is available in the form of drops. This helps start an active fight against the viruses through the nasopharynx, preventing them from penetrating further into the body. The drug helps to strengthen the effect of drugs that treat a child in conjunction with Derinatom. It is allowed to use this medicine for infants from the first days of life..
Sometimes children are prescribed immunostimulating agents - Riboxin, IRS 19, Imudon, Bronhomunal, Metiluracil. There are separate types of these medicines, prescribed by the pediatrician as a prophylactic, and those that are can appoint only immunology doctors after a special diagnosis of the immune characteristics of the body child. It must be remembered that immunostimulants do not have a therapeutic effect during the active development of the disease. They are used before the infection begins to multiply in the body.
What to take with the flu? Drugs for flu and cold treatment
In fact, viral colds are a very common problem. It is unlikely that there is a person who at least once in his life did not encounter such a disease. That is why many people are now interested in the question of what to take with the flu.
It's not a secret for anyone that in the modern world, the common cold is not always perceived as an excuse to call a doctor. Yes, in most cases, the flu passes after 1-2 weeks, but do not forget that the disease can lead to a mass of complications. So what better to take with flu and ARVI? What groups of drugs are there? What is the most effective therapy? Answers to these questions will be of interest to many readers.
Antibiotics for influenza - how effective are they?
At the first symptoms of a cold, people often try to get rid of the disease with the help of antibacterial agents. So what antibiotics to take with the flu? In fact, taking such drugs in this case is useless. The fact is that antibacterial drugs are simply powerless against viruses. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, it is worthwhile to see a doctor. After careful diagnosis, a specialist will be able to determine which variety of pathogens caused the disease.
Exception can be only those cases when the flu or other ARI led to the development of bacterial complications. In connection with the weakening of immunity, there may be an increase in the activity of bacterial microorganisms. Often, influenza is complicated by otitis, frontal sinusitis, and sinusitis. To this list, you can add bacterial pneumonia, meningitis, encephalitis, septic conditions (this is extremely rare, most often in people with immunodeficiency).
And in such cases, what antibiotics to take with the flu? A suitable antibacterial agent will be chosen by your doctor, as much depends on the strain of bacteria and the general state of the organism. Most often, patients are prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics - Flemoxin, Doxycycline, Augmentin, Amoxycycline and others.
What medicines to take with the flu? Complex therapy
The common cold is a problem that every person regularly faces. So what to take with the flu? In fact, everything here depends on the type of pathogen, the state of the immune system, the severity of the disease, and so on. In any case, in the presence of symptoms, after all, it is worthwhile to see a doctor, since under the mask of ARI other, more dangerous diseases can hide.
Influenza requires complex therapy, which includes not only taking drugs, but also correct mode, preventive precautions, adherence to hygiene rules, adequate nutrition and and so forth. What are the medicines used for influenza?
- antiviral drugs;
- drugs containing interferon or stimulating its synthesis (interferon helps to strengthen immune defense and accelerate the process of recovery);
- Symptomatic therapy is also used - for example, with a strong cold, drops are needed for the nose, and in the presence of a cough, appropriate expectorants are prescribed, etc.
The most popular and effective antiviral drugs
To date, there are many antiviral drugs that help cope with the disease, reduce the severity of symptoms, and speed up the recovery process.
For example, such drugs as "Daytiforin "Adapromin "Arbidol" and many others are considered quite effective. These drugs are really effective, but they have high specificity - they are active only with respect to influenza A and B viruses. Of the analogues of the above mentioned drugs, the most popular is Remantadine. Some pharmaceutical companies also produce the medicine under the name "Algirem".
How to take Remantadin in case of flu? Tablets intended for adults, you need to drink after eating. Typically, doctors recommend taking 100 mg of the active ingredient twice a day. The course of treatment lasts 5-7 days. If you are interested in questions about what is best for taking a flu in a child, then you should prefer "Remantadine" (or "Algirem") in the form of a syrup. Children from 1 to 3 years take two teaspoons of syrup (10 ml) 2-3 times a day. For a child aged 3-7 years, the dose increases to 15 ml 2-3 times a day.
It is worth noting that the above drugs are usually used to treat influenza and colds in the early stages. Only the attending physician can appoint them.
Interferons for the treatment of influenza
What to take with the flu to speed recovery? Quite often, the course of treatment includes so-called interferon preparations. These drugs inhibit the process of multiplication of viruses in the body, which, accordingly, allows the immune system to defeat the infection. To date, there are many such drugs.
For example, "Viferon" is considered quite popular, the active components of which are obtained with the help of genetic engineering methods. This medicine has an antiviral effect, activates the immune system, protects cells from damage, and also acts as an antioxidant. The drug is available in the form of rectal suppositories (for children of different ages), as well as ointments for the nose.
Naturally, modern pharmacology offers other means of this type. For example, "Sweferon "Inferon "Eguiferon "Leukinferon and also "Grippferon "Interlok" are considered highly effective. All these drugs have similar properties - they block the multiplication of any viruses. They are produced mainly in the form of nasal drops, which, by the way, allows to reduce to a minimum probability of infection through the respiratory tract (therefore can be used as a prevention).
No less effective are drugs that stimulate the production of the body's own interferon, which, of course, provides a quick recovery. These remedies are effective against not only the influenza virus, but also other acute respiratory infections.
One of the most popular today is the drug Amiksin. This tool is also produced under other names - "Tyloron "Lavomax". The maximum activation of interferon synthesis is observed 18 hours after taking the tablet. How to take "Amiksin" with the flu? The dosage in this case is determined by the attending physician. But, as a rule, in the first two days the patient is recommended to drink 125-250 mg of the active ingredient, then take a break for a day, then resume treatment, taking 125 mg. The course of treatment usually lasts about a week, but the maximum number of tablets taken is 6 pieces.
Equally effective are agents containing methyl glucacamine acridone acetate. The most famous drug of this group is "Cycloferon". It should be noted that this tool has virtually no side effects. It is used to treat not only adults, but also children older than a year. The maximum concentration of interferon in the blood of the patient is observed after 8 hours after administration, and the level of this substance remains for another 48-72 hours.
The drug of the latest generation is "Neovir the main active component of which is sodium hydroxydihydroacridinilacetate. This remedy is available as a solution for intramuscular injections and in modern medicine it is widely used for the treatment of severe forms of influenza, some other colds and herpes.
Sometimes doctors use the drug "Dibazol" for influenza. How to take this remedy? For starters, it should be noted that this drug has miotropic, vasodilating and antispasmodic properties. And it is used mainly for the treatment of diseases associated with spasm of smooth muscles, as well as hypertensive crisis and certain neurological disorders.
Nevertheless, "Dibazol" has a mild immunostimulating effect. And in some cases it is used for ARVI treatment, but only in combination with calcium gluconate and ascorbic acid. Enter the solution intravenously.
Undoubtedly, in this case, symptomatic therapy is extremely important. So what medicines to take with the flu? In fact, everything depends on the violations present and the general condition of the patient - sometimes additional therapy is not required, and sometimes a lot of additional preparations.
- Quite often, patients are prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For example, "Diclofenac "Ibuprofen "Nurofen "Paracetamol" are considered quite effective. These drugs help to eliminate heat, reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process, and also have analgesic properties.
- With a strong increase in temperature (if taking anti-inflammatory drugs for one reason or another it is impossible) the doctor can prescribe other antipyretic drugs - "Aspirin "Mefenamic acid" and and so forth.
- Colds are often accompanied by severe nasal congestion, which makes breathing difficult and worsens the patient's condition. What to take with the flu? Sufficient vasodilating nasal drops are considered effective, which reduce edema, facilitate the flow of fluid from the sinuses. For example, "Otrivin "Xylen "Renorus "Galazolin" are considered quite effective. On the other hand, it is worth remembering that you can not use such drops for more than 5-7 days.
- Also, drugs are needed in order to relieve the pain in the throat. Of course, the most effective means is gargling - for this purpose you can use home remedies, including a weak solution of soda or peroxide, broths of chamomile or sage. In the pharmacy you can buy special pills and candies, for example "Strepsils "Linkas "Septefril "Lisobakt". If necessary, you can use disinfectant sprays for the throat, in particular, "Oracept" or "Hexoral".
- With a dry cough, doctors, as a rule, are prescribed expectorants - this can be Broncholitin, ACTS, Lazolvan, Ambroxol, and Mukaotin.
- What other drugs do doctors recommend for flu? The course of treatment includes the use of antihistamines. First, these funds reduce the risk of developing an allergic reaction to other drugs taken. Secondly, they remove the swelling of the mucous membrane of the throat, nose and bronchi, which greatly facilitates breathing. The most effective and popular are such drugs as Loratidine, Semprex, Suprastin, Claritin, Tavegil.
Some useful tips
Of course, the attending physician will tell you about what you can take with the flu. But do not forget about some of the rules of treatment. In particular, with colds it is extremely important to observe the drinking regime - you need to drink at least 2-3 liters of liquid per day. This helps to speed up the process of removing toxins from the body and, accordingly, will reduce the symptoms of influenza and prevent dehydration. And if the drinks contain a large amount of vitamin C (for example, fresh juices, fruit drinks, broths of berries and herbs), it will also have a positive effect on the activity of the immune system.
The patient also needs rest and bed rest. Physical activity, stress, lack of rest increases the likelihood of development of certain complications.
Basic methods of prevention
Of course, sometimes it is much easier to prevent the development of a disease than to treat it. And so many patients are interested in questions about what to take for the prevention of influenza. In fact, doctors usually prescribe the same drugs to prevent the disease, as for its treatment, but only in other quantities. For example, Remantadine, a remedy that is affordable and sold in almost every pharmacy, is considered quite effective.
No less popular is the "Arbidol". In the event that you have been in contact with a sick person, you need to take an active ingredient per day for 1-2 weeks. With a seasonal outbreak of the disease, you can drink g, g of the drug every few days - this will help prevent infection. Naturally, there are other means to help prevent the disease. For example, Aflubin helps to strengthen immune protection, it can be given even to small children.
However, it is not enough to know what to take to prevent the flu. It is important and observe some precautions. For example, you should avoid direct contact with an infected person. Do not forget that some time viral particles can persist on household items and food, so it is important to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene, wash your hands, etc.
Important is the state of the immune system, because the flu or acute respiratory disease develops only if the immunity is not able to resist the infection. Therefore, carefully monitor the diet (the diet should contain enough nutrients, vitamins, minerals), observe the mode of work and rest (exhausted organism more susceptible to infectious diseases), exercise regularly, spend time outdoors, abandon bad habits, avoid stress and emotional overvoltage.
Vaccination: how effective is it?
Many people, having come to see a doctor, ask what is better to take with the flu and how successful vaccination can be. Immediately it is worth saying that modern pharmaceutical companies produce a lot of different vaccines. Moreover, the composition of these drugs varies every year.
As a rule, patients are vaccinated against the kind of virus that caused the outbreak last season, so they do not guarantee 100% protection, because the virus is constantly mutated. Nevertheless, such a procedure can be effective.
To date, there are several varieties of vaccines:
- Whole-virion preparations that contain whole, but inactivated viral particles. Because of the high likelihood of developing side effects, such drugs are not used today.
- Split vaccines contain only separate particles of the virus, so they cause side reactions and complications much less often.
- Subunit vaccines are highly purified with minimal risk of complications. These drugs are used to vaccinate children.
It is worth noting that immunity, as a rule, is developed within 1-2 weeks after vaccination. That's why the vaccine is recommended to be done before the epidemic begins.
Gastrointestinal (intestinal) flu: features of the disease and methods of treatment
Viral infection affects not only the respiratory tract. And today people quite often face such an unpleasant problem as gastroenteritis. So what to take with gastric flu? Many people are interested in this question.
First of all, it should be noted that different types of viruses can act as the causative agent of this disease: rotaviruses, enteroviruses, noroviruses and some others. The virus enters the body upon contact with an infected person. Also, quite often the source of infection is food, because viral particles can retain their ability to live, while they are in water, meat, dairy products.
As a rule, regardless of the type of pathogen, the symptoms of gastric (intestinal flu) are the same. A few hours after the virus penetrates, the first signs appear: general weakness, fever, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, and multiple diarrhea. Perhaps the emergence of standard symptoms of influenza, including nasal congestion, cough, hoarseness, etc.
So what to take with intestinal flu? In fact, there is no specific therapy in this case. Quite often, patients are prescribed the same antiviral and immunomodulating agents as described above. And in this case, extremely important symptomatic therapy, because constant vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration of the body.
The patient is recommended to drink as much liquid as possible. With prolonged vomiting, administration of antiemetics is prescribed, in particular, "Prinfonia bromide" or "Cerucala". Diarrhea can be stopped with the help of "Enterofuril" - this medicine is safe, it can be given even to children. Since gastroenteritis is most often associated with a dysbacteriosis, the course of therapy must include reception drugs that contain living strains of beneficial bacteria - it can be "Bifiform "Acilact "Lineks " "Kipatsid."
In any case, it is worth remembering that only a doctor can tell you which drugs to take with the flu. Do not self-medicate.
Antiviral means of fast action
Colds can overtake each of us when it is completely unacceptable to get sick. When you want to be as focused and full of energy as you can, suddenly begins to flow from your nose, to stifle your throat. They are followed by sneezing, cough, accompanied by weakness, high fever. In this situation, urgent measures are required. A cold remedy will put you on your feet in time.
How to quickly cure a cold at home
The key to quick healing is the application of all necessary measures at the first alarm bell. If the disease has arisen for obvious reasons, due to inattention to immunity or hypothermia, and the symptoms are not exposure to the influenza virus, you can use the following tips on home treatment and cold remedies actions.
- Measure the temperature. If the mark on the scale did not reach 38 degrees, then antipyretics for colds should not be drunk.
- Vitamin C. At the onset of the disease, a large dose of ascorbic acid will be an effective aid to the body for colds for a speedy recovery. The best option is an effervescent vitamin - quickly absorbed and warms. Five oranges a day will be a natural alternative to pills or capsules and will help to cure colds.
- Drink plenty of water, tea, compotes, fruit drinks. They must necessarily be warm, it will help to remove toxins, which is important for a cold.
- As much as possible sleep. After drinking a warm drink and climbing under the blanket, putting on warm socks and clothes, sleep as much as possible. Sweating with sleep is an important element of recovery for a cold. Better to comply with hospital bed rest. The room should be often ventilated.
- Warm up. If the heat is not observed, you can get your feet stuck and take a hot shower.
- Take the vitamins. Such support will be useful to the body for colds. It's best if he gets it from fruit, but if it's not possible, they should replace the dragee from the pharmacy.
- Medicines for the treatment of colds. Suitable funds for a cold flu, sold in the form of diluted teas, powders, which should be poured into hot water. Within a day it is permissible to use three or four such bags, but the course should not last more than three days. Powders from cold with "Paracetamol" reduce temperature, eliminate chills, have anti-inflammatory effect. The treatment will help immunostimulating drugs. Antiviral medications for colds and influenza contribute to the destruction of the infection. If the disease drags on, go to the injections of the antibiotic.
- Remedies for a cold, cough and sore throat. If the sky hurts, then you can choose either candy, or potions, solutions for rinsing and spraying. With a runny nose will help to cope with drops, among which it is better to choose not powerful vasoconstrictors, but medicines that have grasses in their composition. A solution of sea salt will be useful for washing the nose. With a cold, sputum is often not produced, therefore, the usual cough stopping means will suffice. If sputum in the bronchi still appeared, you should use the means that withdraw it.
- Consumption of liquid. Warm tea, compote or juice contribute to perspiration and recovery, while toxins are eliminated, preventing the body from fighting a cold. Ordinary water will not be the most optimal means, and carbonated drinks will not help recovery. Drink follows as much as you feel necessary, not overpowering yourself.
- Vodka. Alcohol should be slightly warmed and rub it all over the body. This tool will help to quickly remove heat.
List of the best drugs for influenza and colds of a new generation
Today, several classes of drugs are recommended:
- Arbidol, Oseltamivir, Amiksin, Viferon, Otsilokoktsinum, Ingavirin, Kagocel, Anaferon (antiviral).
- "Teraflu "Koldreks "Ferveks "Antigrippin "Grippferon "Anvimax" (febrifuge and relieve the pain in the throat, against the flu and ARVI)
- "Acetylcysteine "Ambroxol "Bromgexin "Carbocysteine" (expectorants)
- "Butamirat "Glaucin "Prenoxdiazin "Ledvropropizin" (means for dry coughing).
- "Paracetamol "Ibuprofen "Aspirin" (antipyretic drugs).
- Drops on the basis of xylometazoline, naphazoline (vasoconstrictive in the common cold).
Overview of fast-acting remedies against colds on the lips
Colds that occur on the lips are often herpes - the Herpes Simplex virus, which is found in 95 percent of the world's population. Once in the body, it exists unnoticed and "turns on" when the human body is weakened by hypothermia, lack of vitamins, nutrients or other diseases. There are many effective ointments for fighting herpes. These funds should be applied to the affected areas of the cold several times a day, the course - no more than 5 days.
Do not use your fingers when applying the product because of the risk of transferring the virus to another location. Among the common names of ointments for colds in the ranking of the best can be noted "Acyclovir "Gerpferon "Zovirax "Gerpevir". The main active substance in them is acyclovir, which prevents the reproduction of the virus. There are ointments based on tromantadine, such as Viru-Merz.
What antiviral drugs can children take?
When a child develops symptoms of ARVI and if for some reason the doctor is not available, measures should be taken to fight the disease in order to avoid complications. If after all simple means have been tested, the disease does not recede, you will have to resort to antiviral drugs, but only those that are specifically designed for children. Acceptable are "Tamiflu "Remantadin "Relenza "Amantadine".
If the bronchitis occurs in infants, then "Ribavirin" will help, and if the child's body is weakened or have heart problems, the Sinagis remedy will be the best choice. "Tamiflu" is acceptable for children at the age of one year, tablets from the flu "Arbidol" can be given from three years. "Interferon" for the solution is used at any age, like homeopathic preparations, such as Aflubin, Anaferon, Otsilokoktsinum. To lower the body temperature, "Paracetamol" or syrups "Nurofen "Ibuprofen" are suitable.
Effective folk remedies and herbs
- Blackberry tea. Grind the dried leaves of blackberries (1 tablespoon), pour boiling water, after a couple of hours strain. Drink 30 minutes before eating. A good remedy against coughing.
- Herbs (cough remedy). One tablespoon of leaves of wild strawberry, raspberries, three tablespoons of blackberry leaves, a dry shredded violet tricolor (1 tsp). All this must be mixed, use a tablespoon of the composition for a glass of boiling water, let it brew in a closed form for half an hour, drain. Reception: a couple of times a day by a glass.
- Potatoes. This vegetable will help bring down the temperature. Rub two raw potatoes on a grater, mix with a tablespoon of vinegar (apple). Use the mixture to make compresses on the forehead.
- Kalina and honey. A mild remedy for colds and colds. Mix one tablespoon of viburnum juice and honey, take half an hour before meals.
- Nettle, sage and Schisandra. Herbal collection is good for colds and flu. Mix dry crushed nettle leaves (3 tablespoons), as many shoots of Chinese magnolia and sage (1 tablespoon). Pour a teaspoon of the composition with a glass of boiling water, after a couple of hours strain. Reception: one glass in the morning and evening. If desired, you can add honey.
What means is inexpensive and effective for the prevention of colds
Very often a cold in an adult appears as a result of a weakening of the immune system. The impact of external factors, malnutrition, lack of vitamins can lead to loss of effectiveness of the immune system and increase the likelihood of entry into the body of infections. To avoid this, interferon inducers can be used. They will ensure the production of natural protection by the body, which will allow it to successfully resist colds. This type of drugs include:
It is necessary to support the body with vitamins. For the prevention of colds will help "Vetoron "Gerimaks "Aevit." Preparations that help to cope with the impact of the environment - adaptogens - include extracts of magnolia vine, eleutherococcus, leuzea. Immunomodulating, such as "Bioaron C "Immunal" "Likopid will help restore strength to immunity, will be useful for the prevention of colds and flu.
Antiviral drugs used to prevent colds, help to give the body additional strength in the fight against pathogens. The best are "Grippferon "Viferon "Arbidol "Amiksin". Do not forget about honey, vitamin C - they will not allow the development of colds. Echinacea is a cheap, simple remedy. More rest, give up cigarettes and do not forget about the seasonal intake of vitamins.
Video: what to do with the first signs of a cold