Drugs for cold and flu: a list of the best means of rapid action
Every year during the seasonal temperature fluctuations people suffer from many unpleasant symptoms caused by a cold.
In pharmacy chains, the assortment of antiviral drugs simply overshoots its diversity.
Medicines differ not only in price, but also in the principle of action, the form of release, the composition.
Naturally, you do not need to prescribe drugs for yourself against colds, but to get a little guidance in such means, you should familiarize yourself with the proposed article. A list of cold medicines will help you understand the characteristics of each drug.
Arbidol, Teraflu, Anaferon
Arbidol - a pill against viruses, covered with a film membrane. Their main active component is umifenovir, auxiliary: potato starch, microcrystalline cellulose. The agent is shown when:
- acute respiratory disease (ARI);
- severe respiratory syndrome;
- influenza type B, A,
Tablets for catarrhal diseases and flu are high-speed. They will help improve the patient's condition the very next day after the start of the course of treatment.
Arbidol has no contraindications. The only caveat when using it: can not be used for children under 3 years old. Babies under the age of 12 are given 1 tablet per day, and 2 tablets for adults and children over 12 years of age.
For healthy patients, this remedy for colds is not prescribed.
It must be diluted with hot boiled water. The main active ingredient is paracetamol. The auxiliary substances were phenyramine maleate, phenylephrine hydrochloride.
It is a remedy for a new generation of colds. It can relieve the ailment and the common cold in just a day, but on condition that the doctor's orders and bed rest are strictly observed. Teraflu is characterized by the action:
Powder is forbidden to be taken together with beta-blockers and antidepressants. Do not prescribe Teraflu patients with diabetes mellitus, pregnant women, lactating women, people suffering from alcoholism, children under 12 years of age.
The medicine is fast, but it's best to apply it carefully. This is relevant if the patient suffers from arterial hypertension, severe impairment of kidneys, liver.
AnaferonTablets for colds and flu contain antibodies that activate the functioning of human immunity. The drug is recommended for treatment of children aged 12 years and adults. For babies is a special tool Anaferon child. It can be used from 1 year of life.
You should know that this medicine is not only against viruses, but also to strengthen the immune system during seasonal air temperature fluctuations. It well helps to treat herpesvirus infection in mild form.
Cure for colds Anaferon:
- acts quickly;
- has no contraindications;
- does not cause adverse reactions.
From the drug should be discarded only with the individual intolerance of any of its components. In very rare cases, a skin rash is possible.
Kagocel, Coldrex, Antigrippin
Kagocel is the best quick-acting remedy for colds. Not suitable for children under 3 years, pregnant women and during lactation. Do not take pills with individual intolerance.
Preparations of such a plan are well used for getting rid of a cold, herpes, flu, acute viral infection. Kagocel is also suitable for the prevention of these ailments.
In order not to fall ill during the autumn period, it is enough to take 1 tablet every day for a week. If the common cold has already begun, it should be taken 2 times a day in the first few days. Children are given 1 tablet each.
Provided that the patient clearly follows the prescriptions of the doctor and strictly adheres to the instructions for use, the possibility of developing adverse reactions of the body is negligible. When a patient notes the development of an allergy, you need to stop taking the medication and consult a doctor to replace it.
This remedy for cold is presented in the form of a powder. It should be boiled and drunk hot. The drug Coldrex is characterized by a powerful antiviral effect and helps to cope with signs of ARVI. The list of symptoms, except for the common cold, included:
- nasal congestion;
- increased body temperature;
- aches in the joints;
- uncomfortable sensations in the throat.
Adult remedy for cold and flu in the first days of illness should be taken 1 packet every 4 hours. Once the symptoms stop, the powder is not necessary. The maximum course of therapy should not be more than 5 days in a row.
If there was an overdose, the patient risks getting a serious liver damage. In addition, long-term use of the drug increases the chance of developing side effects, for example, disturbances of a night dream, rising of a level of arterial pressure, attacks of a nausea, head pain.
It is necessary to refrain from treatment with Koldreksom without prior consultation of the attending physician.
Another preparation against viruses is Antigrippin. It is believed that the medicine is the best and helps from the common cold, colds quickly and effectively. The drug is in the form of a pill, like many similar drugs. Assign it to patients from 15 years.
To help with bacterial infection this medicine can not. Take it should be 1 piece 2-3 times a day to improve the patient's well-being.
Antigrippin should not be taken to children with increased sensitivity to vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and paracetamol. Also he is banned for such violations:
- renal failure;
- hyperplasia of the prostate.
Contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. With special care is assigned to patients with viral hepatitis, alcohol dependence, the elderly.
Fervex, Amiksin, IngavirinThere are drugs that instantly help with colds. To such it is customary to include the Fervex powder. No less effective it will be with the disease of rhinopharyngitis.
Powder can be taken in conjunction with other medicines against the flu. If the phase of the disease is acute, a dose of 1 packet is recommended three times a day. During therapy, the interval between use should be at least 4 hours.
The drug should not be taken to sick people suffering from kidney failure, excessive sensitivity to its individual components. During pregnancy, he is only allowed from the second trimester.
As for the period of lactation, some components of the remedy can penetrate into breast milk. For this reason, it is better to refuse from Fervex at this time.
It is forbidden to combine medicine for cold with alcohol-containing products. This can provoke severe liver damage. Sometimes patients complain of the development of adverse reactions:
- pain syndrome in the abdominal cavity;
Very rarely allergic reactions can begin, for example, skin itching, rashes.
This antiviral agent has an immunomodulatory effect. Produced in the form of tablets, the main active ingredient is tilaxine. Auxiliary components of croscarmellose sodium, calcium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose.
Tablets are perfectly combined with other drugs against viruses, influenza. During seasonal temperature fluctuations can be used to prevent ARVI (in adults and children).
Adult patients with flu and cold should take 1 tablet once a day for 3 days. For prophylaxis take 1 piece. The drug can not be administered to patients with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug, during pregnancy, lactation.
IngavirinMedicines for colds and flu under this name are made in the form of capsules. Ingavirin helps quickly and efficiently. Heat, headache, uncomfortable sensations in the throat, aches in the body are already a day after taking the remedy.
It is not recommended for patients younger than 18 years of age. The main active ingredient is vitaglutam, auxiliary ones are potato starch, magnesium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide.
Capsules are prescribed to drink 1 time per day, regardless of food. Usually the general course of treatment does not exceed 5-7 days. Begin therapy immediately after the onset of the first symptoms of the disease, for example, the common cold. When treatment is delayed, the remedy, like the rest of the drugs, begins to work with less efficiency.
So, if the first capsule was drunk a few days after the onset of the illness, the result can not come quickly.
Viferon, Anvimax, Grippferon
Many of the above cold remedies and cold medications are not always allowed for future and young nursing mothers, children. Therefore, the treatment of colds, runny nose, SARS in these patients can not do without the drug Viferon.Candles, perhaps, are the fastest means of treating viral diseases. They have no contraindications except the first trimester of pregnancy. Such an effective medicine during flu and cold helps to get rid of the symptoms.
Viferon is better than tablets and other drugs coping with ARI. Adult patients are prescribed 1 suppository three times a day. Children from the year the dosage is reduced to 1 candle a day. And it should be noted that this is an extremely effective treatment for Orvi and influenza in the home
Side effects of those who used drugs for cold and flu in candles are usually absent. Allergic skin rash and itching occurs only in very extreme cases. If this happens, the treatment is canceled and other drugs used against the common cold and viruses. The list of allowed funds is very extensive.
Remedy for cold and flu Anemax is presented in the form of a powder. It is necessary for symptomatic therapy, it can not affect the underlying cause of the disease. The structure includes:
- ascorbic acid;
Patients with excessive sensitivity to these components should use these drugs against the common cold and other cold symptoms with extreme caution. Powder is the best remedy among the rest. Anvimax is a quick-acting drug that removes body temperature, headaches, aches and pain in the throat. If applied correctly, the medicine helps to overcome the disease in a short time.Powder can not be administered to patients younger than 18 years of age, people with kidney failure, sarcoidosis, chronic alcohol dependence, hypercalcemia, phenylketonuria.
Like many other cold medicines, Animax can not be a remedy for pregnant and lactating women.
Take the powder strictly according to the instructions. During an exacerbation of a symptomatology it is necessary to drink on 1 package from 2 to 3 times a day. On average, the course should not be longer than 5 days in a row.
Grippferon is a good medication based on interferon, which helps fight viruses. It is also characterized by immunomodulating effect on the body.
The medication is allowed for the treatment of pregnant women and children under one year. The only contraindication is intolerance of individual components. The course of treatment is 5-7 days.
Named tablets and other drugs - this is not a complete list of effective drugs. Funds from the flu should be selected individually. However, even in this case, it is impossible to avoid the development of adverse reactions. Therefore, the treatment process should be under the supervision of a doctor, as detailed in the video in this article.
Antiviral drugs against influenza and colds
Treatment of viral diseases is difficult and requires taking into account the characteristics of the patient. The role of the person's age, individual characteristics of the organism, the level of readiness of the immune system to react and even the stage of the disease play a role. Antiviral drugs for cold and flu are given for the prevention and strengthening of immunity. You can be treated with pills, powders, nyxes or other methods. Patients choosing cold medicines are not recommended - because of the significant differences in the "cold" of the bacterial and viral nature. It is better to consult a doctor beforehand.
What is antiviral drugs
Drugs of each category differ in the principle of action on bacteria and the human body. Antiviral drugs are proteins that help the immune system destroy viruses when they re-enter the body. Tablets are not always effective, so injections are recommended. When treating Orvi or influenza it is important to understand the difference between antiviral agents and antibiotics.
Differences in medicines:
- antiviral drugs strengthen immunity, prevent the entry of viruses into the body;
- antibiotics destroy bacteria, but negatively affect the immune system.
Many patients wonder whether antibiotics and antiviral drugs can be taken simultaneously. The answer is unambiguously negative. Preparations of the first category block the action of funds from the second group. Taking antiviral medicines will be useless. There are rare exceptions, so what to take with the flu, you need to check with your doctor.
Preparations for the prevention of influenza
Antiviral drugs are divided into several categories. They differ in the form of release, packaging, recommended age for use, the spectrum of action and contraindications. Medicines against influenza and colds are made in the form of tablets, powders or special injections. For home treatment or disease prevention, the first two categories of medicines are used. Vaccination is organized in medical institutions.
Categories of preparations against influenza and ARVI:
- immunomodulators (agents that promote the production of interferons and short-term enhance immune defense);
- antiviral agents (antiretroviral, anti-herpes, anti-influenza drugs, extended spectrum of action);
- means for vaccinations (the main goal of drugs is to stimulate the production of antibodies, vaccination is carried out before infection).
Antiviral drugs against influenza
Please note that the listed products are suitable for adult patients, pregnancy or child age require special rules of appointment and admission. Popular means for viral diseases include:
- "Kagocel" - has the ability to immunostimulate the body, is available in the form of tablets, suitable for the treatment and prevention of influenza in adults or children older than 3 years;
- "Ingavirin" - immunostimulant, is not recommended for children under 18 years of age, increases the activity of interferon function;
- "Cycloferon" - interferon inducer, immunostimulant, prevents herpetic infection, contraindications include pregnancy or lactation;
- "Acyclovir" - has an antiherpetic effect, is released in the form of effervescent powder, in pregnancy or lactation is taken on the advice of a doctor, can cause allergies;
- "Remantadin" - can be realized with the changed name "Rimantadine a high-speed antiviral drug, a wide spectrum of action, is contraindicated during pregnancy or lactation.
The recommended age for medicines that can be given to a child is indicated in the instructions. Please note that you can not break rules and dosage. For the treatment of colds and influenza at an early age, the following drugs are suitable:
- "Rimantadine" - suitable for the prevention or treatment of early stages of the disease, is used for children older than 7 years in accordance with the instruction;
- "Grippferon" - suitable for children from birth, used to treat or prevent viral diseases;
- "Anaferon" - is contraindicated for children up to 1 month, a powerful immunostimulant.
Being in a happy expectation of the baby moms are highly recommended not to take antiviral drugs without prescribing a doctor. Examples of drugs that can be used during lactation, during pregnancy:
- "Viferon" - candles are safe not only during pregnancy, but also during lactation, contain vitamins that help strengthen immunity;
- "Ocillococcilum" - used for the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza of the middle and severe stage, a strong variant with minor side effects;
- "Grippferon" - strengthens immunity, antiviral medication for cold and flu, it is recommended to follow the conditions specified in the instructions.
Inexpensive antiviral medicines
Selection of medicines for the treatment of any disease must be carried out in accordance with certain recommendations. Funds from SARS and influenza are different in their specifics. In order not to spoil the health and not to risk harming the child, the nuances for replacing imported expensive drugs with cheap ones should be clarified by the doctor. The list of domestic options - no less effective than foreign ones - is very extensive. Substitute modern expensive tablets against the flu cheap analogs:
- "Kagotsel" is replaced by "Remantadin" or "Arbidol
- "Grippferon" can be replaced by "Interferon
- "Zovirax" in composition is identical to "Acyclovir
- Acyclovir Acry is replaced with the usual Acyclovir.
Video about the rules for choosing drugs from influenza
Elena, 45: Recently, colds began to haunt. The slightest hypothermia - in a day there is a runny nose, cough, fever. Accepted "Tsikloferon" on the advice of a doctor. I realized that tablets are more effective if you start treatment if you suspect a disease. Thanks to the drug, I can prevent colds.
Natalia, 25 years old: The child turned 3 years old. We went to the kindergarten, they often got sick there. To prevent colds, the pediatrician advised the children's Anaferon. We use the drug for ARVI treatment or with the first symptoms of a cold. Recovery is quick and without complications. In cold weather or rain, we smear "Oksolinovoy ointment". The child became sick less often.
Olga, 20 years old: Since childhood I have not been resistant to colds. I looked at the Internet photos and videos about viral diseases. For prevention of acute respiratory disease, acute respiratory viral infection or influenza began to take Remantadin. I start the course of pills at the risk of colds (hypothermia, rainy weather). To become ill less often, and the drug does not cause unwanted pobochek. Excellent positive effect.
What to take with the flu? Drugs for flu and cold treatment
In fact, viral colds are a very common problem. It is unlikely that there is a person who at least once in his life did not encounter such a disease. That is why many people are now interested in the question of what to take with the flu.
It's not a secret for anyone that in the modern world, the common cold is not always perceived as an excuse to call a doctor. Yes, in most cases, the flu passes after 1-2 weeks, but do not forget that the disease can lead to a mass of complications. So what better to take with flu and ARVI? What groups of drugs are there? What is the most effective therapy? Answers to these questions will be of interest to many readers.
Antibiotics for influenza - how effective are they?
At the first symptoms of a cold, people often try to get rid of the disease with the help of antibacterial agents. So what antibiotics to take with the flu? In fact, taking such drugs in this case is useless. The fact is that antibacterial drugs are simply powerless against viruses. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, it is worthwhile to see a doctor. After careful diagnosis, a specialist will be able to determine which variety of pathogens caused the disease.
Exception can be only those cases when the flu or other ARI led to the development of bacterial complications. In connection with the weakening of immunity, there may be an increase in the activity of bacterial microorganisms. Often, influenza is complicated by otitis, frontal sinusitis, and sinusitis. To this list, you can add bacterial pneumonia, meningitis, encephalitis, septic conditions (this is extremely rare, most often in people with immunodeficiency).
And in such cases, what antibiotics to take with the flu? A suitable antibacterial agent will be chosen by your doctor, as much depends on the strain of bacteria and the general state of the organism. Most often, patients are prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics - Flemoxin, Doxycycline, Augmentin, Amoxycycline and others.
What medicines to take with the flu? Complex therapy
The common cold is a problem that every person regularly faces. So what to take with the flu? In fact, everything here depends on the type of pathogen, the state of the immune system, the severity of the disease, and so on. In any case, in the presence of symptoms, after all, it is worthwhile to see a doctor, since under the mask of ARI other, more dangerous diseases can hide.
Influenza requires complex therapy, which includes not only taking drugs, but also correct mode, preventive precautions, adherence to hygiene rules, adequate nutrition and and so forth. What are the medicines used for influenza?
- antiviral drugs;
- drugs containing interferon or stimulating its synthesis (interferon helps to strengthen immune defense and accelerate the process of recovery);
- Symptomatic therapy is also used - for example, with a strong cold, drops are needed for the nose, and in the presence of a cough, appropriate expectorants are prescribed, etc.
The most popular and effective antiviral drugs
To date, there are many antiviral drugs that help cope with the disease, reduce the severity of symptoms, and speed up the recovery process.
For example, such drugs as "Daytiforin "Adapromin "Arbidol" and many others are considered quite effective. These drugs are really effective, but they have high specificity - they are active only with respect to influenza A and B viruses. Of the analogues of the above mentioned drugs, the most popular is Remantadine. Some pharmaceutical companies also produce the medicine under the name "Algirem".
How to take Remantadin in case of flu? Tablets intended for adults, you need to drink after eating. Typically, doctors recommend taking 100 mg of the active ingredient twice a day. The course of treatment lasts 5-7 days. If you are interested in questions about what is best for taking a flu in a child, then you should prefer "Remantadine" (or "Algirem") in the form of a syrup. Children from 1 to 3 years take two teaspoons of syrup (10 ml) 2-3 times a day. For a child aged 3-7 years, the dose increases to 15 ml 2-3 times a day.
It is worth noting that the above drugs are usually used to treat influenza and colds in the early stages. Only the attending physician can appoint them.
Interferons for the treatment of influenza
What to take with the flu to speed recovery? Quite often, the course of treatment includes so-called interferon preparations. These drugs inhibit the process of multiplication of viruses in the body, which, accordingly, allows the immune system to defeat the infection. To date, there are many such drugs.
For example, "Viferon" is considered quite popular, the active components of which are obtained with the help of genetic engineering methods. This medicine has an antiviral effect, activates the immune system, protects cells from damage, and also acts as an antioxidant. The drug is available in the form of rectal suppositories (for children of different ages), as well as ointments for the nose.
Naturally, modern pharmacology offers other means of this type. For example, "Sweferon "Inferon "Eguiferon "Leukinferon and also "Grippferon "Interlok" are considered highly effective. All these drugs have similar properties - they block the multiplication of any viruses. They are produced mainly in the form of nasal drops, which, by the way, allows to reduce to a minimum probability of infection through the respiratory tract (therefore can be used as a prevention).
No less effective are drugs that stimulate the production of the body's own interferon, which, of course, provides a quick recovery. These remedies are effective against not only the influenza virus, but also other acute respiratory infections.
One of the most popular today is the drug Amiksin. This tool is also produced under other names - "Tyloron "Lavomax". The maximum activation of interferon synthesis is observed 18 hours after taking the tablet. How to take "Amiksin" with the flu? The dosage in this case is determined by the attending physician. But, as a rule, in the first two days the patient is recommended to drink 125-250 mg of the active ingredient, then take a break for a day, then resume treatment, taking 125 mg. The course of treatment usually lasts about a week, but the maximum number of tablets taken is 6 pieces.
Equally effective are agents containing methyl glucacamine acridone acetate. The most famous drug of this group is "Cycloferon". It should be noted that this tool has virtually no side effects. It is used to treat not only adults, but also children older than a year. The maximum concentration of interferon in the blood of the patient is observed after 8 hours after administration, and the level of this substance remains for another 48-72 hours.
The drug of the latest generation is "Neovir the main active component of which is sodium hydroxydihydroacridinilacetate. This remedy is available as a solution for intramuscular injections and in modern medicine it is widely used for the treatment of severe forms of influenza, some other colds and herpes.
Sometimes doctors use the drug "Dibazol" for influenza. How to take this remedy? For starters, it should be noted that this drug has miotropic, vasodilating and antispasmodic properties. And it is used mainly for the treatment of diseases associated with spasm of smooth muscles, as well as hypertensive crisis and certain neurological disorders.
Nevertheless, "Dibazol" has a mild immunostimulating effect. And in some cases it is used for ARVI treatment, but only in combination with calcium gluconate and ascorbic acid. Enter the solution intravenously.
Undoubtedly, in this case, symptomatic therapy is extremely important. So what medicines to take with the flu? In fact, everything depends on the violations present and the general condition of the patient - sometimes additional therapy is not required, and sometimes a lot of additional preparations.
- Quite often, patients are prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For example, "Diclofenac "Ibuprofen "Nurofen "Paracetamol" are considered quite effective. These drugs help to eliminate heat, reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process, and also have analgesic properties.
- With a strong increase in temperature (if taking anti-inflammatory drugs for one reason or another it is impossible) the doctor can prescribe other antipyretic drugs - "Aspirin "Mefenamic acid" and and so forth.
- Colds are often accompanied by severe nasal congestion, which makes breathing difficult and worsens the patient's condition. What to take with the flu? Sufficient vasodilating nasal drops are considered effective, which reduce edema, facilitate the flow of fluid from the sinuses. For example, "Otrivin "Xylen "Renorus "Galazolin" are considered quite effective. On the other hand, it is worth remembering that you can not use such drops for more than 5-7 days.
- Also, drugs are needed in order to relieve the pain in the throat. Of course, the most effective means is gargling - for this purpose you can use home remedies, including a weak solution of soda or peroxide, broths of chamomile or sage. In the pharmacy you can buy special pills and candies, for example "Strepsils "Linkas "Septefril "Lisobakt". If necessary, you can use disinfectant sprays for the throat, in particular, "Oracept" or "Hexoral".
- With a dry cough, doctors, as a rule, are prescribed expectorants - this can be Broncholitin, ACTS, Lazolvan, Ambroxol, and Mukaotin.
- What other drugs do doctors recommend for flu? The course of treatment includes the use of antihistamines. First, these funds reduce the risk of developing an allergic reaction to other drugs taken. Secondly, they remove the swelling of the mucous membrane of the throat, nose and bronchi, which greatly facilitates breathing. The most effective and popular are such drugs as Loratidine, Semprex, Suprastin, Claritin, Tavegil.
Some useful tips
Of course, the attending physician will tell you about what you can take with the flu. But do not forget about some of the rules of treatment. In particular, with colds it is extremely important to observe the drinking regime - you need to drink at least 2-3 liters of liquid per day. This helps to speed up the process of removing toxins from the body and, accordingly, will reduce the symptoms of influenza and prevent dehydration. And if the drinks contain a large amount of vitamin C (for example, fresh juices, fruit drinks, broths of berries and herbs), it will also have a positive effect on the activity of the immune system.
The patient also needs rest and bed rest. Physical activity, stress, lack of rest increases the likelihood of development of certain complications.
Basic methods of prevention
Of course, sometimes it is much easier to prevent the development of a disease than to treat it. And so many patients are interested in questions about what to take for the prevention of influenza. In fact, doctors usually prescribe the same drugs to prevent the disease, as for its treatment, but only in other quantities. For example, Remantadine, a remedy that is affordable and sold in almost every pharmacy, is considered quite effective.
No less popular is the "Arbidol". In the event that you have been in contact with a sick person, you need to take an active ingredient per day for 1-2 weeks. With a seasonal outbreak of the disease, you can drink g, g of the drug every few days - this will help prevent infection. Naturally, there are other means to help prevent the disease. For example, Aflubin helps to strengthen immune protection, it can be given even to small children.
However, it is not enough to know what to take to prevent the flu. It is important and observe some precautions. For example, you should avoid direct contact with an infected person. Do not forget that some time viral particles can persist on household items and food, so it is important to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene, wash your hands, etc.
Important is the state of the immune system, because the flu or acute respiratory disease develops only if the immunity is not able to resist the infection. Therefore, carefully monitor the diet (the diet should contain enough nutrients, vitamins, minerals), observe the mode of work and rest (exhausted organism more susceptible to infectious diseases), exercise regularly, spend time outdoors, abandon bad habits, avoid stress and emotional overvoltage.
Vaccination: how effective is it?
Many people, having come to see a doctor, ask what is better to take with the flu and how successful vaccination can be. Immediately it is worth saying that modern pharmaceutical companies produce a lot of different vaccines. Moreover, the composition of these drugs varies every year.
As a rule, patients are vaccinated against the kind of virus that caused the outbreak last season, so they do not guarantee 100% protection, because the virus is constantly mutated. Nevertheless, such a procedure can be effective.
To date, there are several varieties of vaccines:
- Whole-virion preparations that contain whole, but inactivated viral particles. Because of the high likelihood of developing side effects, such drugs are not used today.
- Split vaccines contain only separate particles of the virus, so they cause side reactions and complications much less often.
- Subunit vaccines are highly purified with minimal risk of complications. These drugs are used to vaccinate children.
It is worth noting that immunity, as a rule, is developed within 1-2 weeks after vaccination. That's why the vaccine is recommended to be done before the epidemic begins.
Gastrointestinal (intestinal) flu: features of the disease and methods of treatment
Viral infection affects not only the respiratory tract. And today people quite often face such an unpleasant problem as gastroenteritis. So what to take with gastric flu? Many people are interested in this question.
First of all, it should be noted that different types of viruses can act as the causative agent of this disease: rotaviruses, enteroviruses, noroviruses and some others. The virus enters the body upon contact with an infected person. Also, quite often the source of infection is food, because viral particles can retain their ability to live, while they are in water, meat, dairy products.
As a rule, regardless of the type of pathogen, the symptoms of gastric (intestinal flu) are the same. A few hours after the virus penetrates, the first signs appear: general weakness, fever, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, and multiple diarrhea. Perhaps the emergence of standard symptoms of influenza, including nasal congestion, cough, hoarseness, etc.
So what to take with intestinal flu? In fact, there is no specific therapy in this case. Quite often, patients are prescribed the same antiviral and immunomodulating agents as described above. And in this case, extremely important symptomatic therapy, because constant vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration of the body.
The patient is recommended to drink as much liquid as possible. With prolonged vomiting, administration of antiemetics is prescribed, in particular, "Prinfonia bromide" or "Cerucala". Diarrhea can be stopped with the help of "Enterofuril" - this medicine is safe, it can be given even to children. Since gastroenteritis is most often associated with a dysbacteriosis, the course of therapy must include reception drugs that contain living strains of beneficial bacteria - it can be "Bifiform "Acilact "Lineks " "Kipatsid."
In any case, it is worth remembering that only a doctor can tell you which drugs to take with the flu. Do not self-medicate.
Drugs for flu and colds for children
Modern pharmaceuticals provide funds for influenza and colds for children in a wide range.When choosing drugs for the treatment of colds in children, mom and doctor should be guided not only by their effectiveness, but also by safety.The main thing is not to harm the child's health.
Features of drugs for colds
As soon as the child has the first symptoms of a cold, you should immediately call a doctor.
The doctor will conduct an examination and, on the basis of all the manifestations of the disease, make up a correct strategy to fight it, prescribe medications and procedures. However, the treatment of cold symptoms, such as fever, coughing and spitting, should begin immediately, even before the pediatrician arrives.
It is possible to alleviate the manifestations of the common cold with symptomatic children. Before giving the baby syrup or tablets, dig in drops in the nose, make sure that your child does not have allergies to the funds you have chosen. Carefully read the composition, ask the seller at the pharmacy, whether the given remedy is suitable for a cold to the child by age.A cold child is strictly required to comply with bed rest. Provide the child with plenty of warm drinks (tea with raspberries or lemon, milk with honey), take his attention with something that does not require much physical activity.
It is not necessary to give the child antiviral drugs, without consulting with the attending physician, because in order to successfully resist the disease, you must first find out its cause.
The incubation period of influenza lasts from one to five days, during which the patient feels particularly bad. The very course of the disease is caused by the influence of many factors, such as the age or condition of the body's defenses. It is also important whether the child has previously contacted the pathogens of this disease.
Basic forms of influenza
There are four main forms of influenza:
The main symptoms of colds and flu are associated with inflammation of the respiratory tract and malaise. The most characteristic for the common cold and flu are: fever, runny nose, coughing, perspiration and hoarseness.
Similar symptoms have diseases caused by the ingestion of a harmful infection. It is only the physician who can determine the exact nature of the disease and its severity, therefore, it is not worthwhile to delay procrastination.
How to choose a medicine for a child
Do not give your child antiviral drugs unless they are prescribed by a doctor, as their administration may have the opposite effect. Such drugs are able not only to treat, but also to suppress the work of the body's defenses, especially children's.
Taking symptomatic medications will greatly facilitate the health of a small patient. Everyone knows that high temperature should be knocked down with the help of antipyretic drugs, but very few people know about The fact that you need to fight with other symptoms, such as swelling of the airways, muscle pains or chills. These unpleasant sensations give a significant load on a small organism, making it even harder to resist the disease.
With great attention, refer to the composition of drugs that are intended to give the child. Instruction for use is written not only for a doctor with special knowledge, but also for those who plan to be treated with it. The World Wide Web will help you easily find information about a particular medicine, its composition and age, for which it is suitable.It is necessary to stop the choice on children's medicines. Active components in tablets and other drugs should be exactly as much as can be taken by children. Of all the forms of medication, it is best to choose the means which, before use, will need to be dissolved in water. The child will much more willingly agree to drink a liquid medicine, rather than it becomes difficult to swallow large and uncomfortable tablets or capsules. Examine the active substances included in the drug. Its obligatory components should be:
- vitamin C;
- antipyretic components.
One of the most popular antipyretic agents is paracetamol, which is included in most cold remedies. It does not have such a detrimental effect on the stomach, and allergy to paracetamol is rare. A doctor can prescribe medication with this medication starting from the first three months of a baby's life.
Antihistamines will help get rid of the edema of the airways and allow the baby to breathe normally, giving oxygen access to the lungs. Such drugs can be prescribed not only for colds, but also for other diseases of the respiratory tract, such as rhinitis or pharyngitis. By facilitating breathing, such medications significantly reduce the burden to which the cardiovascular system is exposed. Vitamin C strengthens the body's defenses, helps it cope with the disease. The daily dose of this vitamin for a cold should be two or three times more than for a healthy child..
Modern life puts many parents in a rigid economy, but it's never worth saving, so it's for the health of their own children. Buying a medicine at a drugstore, you need to be one hundred percent sure of their quality. It is best to purchase European drugs, the quality of which is proven and confirmed by international certificates.
Such drugs are much more difficult to forge. Buy the products of well-known manufacturers who have already proved themselves in the domestic markets. Of course, it can hurt to hit the family budget, but it helps to avoid unpleasant consequences from taking low-quality medicines.
Do not try to stuff your child with antibiotics and other drugs for prevention. Remember that by giving such potent medicines, you can cause a significant impact on the health of the child. Yes, the child will suffer from a cold, but can get a dysbacteriosis or other problems associated with impaired functioning of the gastrointestinal tract..
All measures and all preparations are not too lazy to agree with the attending physician. Do not try to speed up the child's recovery, spiking him with an extra dose of medication. His body will cope with the ailment, but you need to understand that it will take some time and it is better for him to give this time.