Gastritis - inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Gastritis is acute, chronic, catarrhal, erosive, phlegmonous, atrophic, autoimmune, hypertrophic, allergic. Gastritis occurs with high and low acidity in the stomach.
The disease is widespread in adults and children, adolescents, can manifest itself at certain periods of a person's life or become chronic, difficult to treat with periodic seasonal exacerbations.
In this article we will talk about the causes, symptoms and treatment of gastritis folk remedies at home. You will learn how to treat and how to cure gastritis with the help of home remedies of traditional medicine and medical medicines, drugs and pharmacy medicines.
But, do not forget that self-medication can not replace consultation and treatment with a doctor-therapist, coordinate with him the proposed methods of folk treatment of gastritis and stomach.
Acute gastritis is an acute inflammatory lesion of the gastric mucosa that occurs as a result of its excessive irritation.
As a rule, the disease occurs due to the use of abundant, rough, too hot or cold, difficult to digest or fatty foods, alcoholic beverages. Also, irritation of the gastric mucosa can be caused by products of putrefaction or fermentation, microorganisms.
Acute gastritis can be the result of poisoning by any poisonous substances( fungi, salicylates, arsenic, vinegar or acetic essences, iodine, etc.).
The main thing in the treatment of simple acute gastritis is the removal from the stomach of a traumatic agent - gastric lavage and cleansing of the intestines with enemas. In any case, you should induce vomiting and remove the remnants of food that caused inflammation and poisoning.
If spontaneous vomiting is insufficient, several glasses of of warm alkaline water or warm water with several crystals of potassium permanganate are prescribed, which facilitates repeated vomiting and removal of food and mucus residues. Vomiting is also caused by mechanical irritation of the pharynx.
Note: gastric lavage 2-3 liters of water with a small amount of potassium permanganate.
More rarely( in a hospital), the stomach is washed through the probe with saline.
After acute gastritis, the first two days in general should refrain from eating( only drinking warm tea with crackers or low-fat cookies is allowed).
With nausea, give a sucking lemon or ice slices.
On the , the day 2-3 of the is prescribed liquid food( tea, coffee, low-fat broth, slimy soups).
On the third day you can give liquid porridge, jelly( not dairy), jelly, puree, mashed meat, soft-boiled eggs, biscuits.
The diet is expanded gradually throughout the week. Then they switch to ordinary food.
Folk remedies at home
For the treatment of gastritis in acute form at home, folk medicine recommends:
- drink 2-3 raw eggs;
- activated charcoal 2-3 tablets inside.
In case of acute gastritis, herbalists recommend to prepare the following collection:
- leaf of plantain;
- nettle leaf;
- the herb of St. John's wort;
- chamomile flowers.
All take in equal parts, mix.1 tablespoon of the mixture brew 350 ml of water. Insist 1 hour, strain. Infusion take 100 ml 2-3 times a day.
Medical procedures, drugs and medicines
Treatment begins with the purification of the stomach and intestines, and with infectious etiology of gastritis - the appointment of antibacterial drugs( Enteroseptol 0.25-0.5 g 3 times a day, Levomycetin 0.5 4 times a dayetc.) and adsorbing substances( activated carbon, kaolin, etc.).In case of acute allergic gastritis, antihistamines are indicated. At the expressed painful syndrome - holinoliticheskie preparations( Atropinum - 0,5-1 ml of 0,1% solution p / k, Platifillin hydrotartrate - 1 ml of 0.2% solution p / k), antispasmodics( Papaverina hydrochloride 1 ml2% solution w / k), as well as using the following:
- No-shpa - 2 tablets per reception;
- preparations of belladonna( infusions, decoctions);
- Almagel 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day
- Spazmalgon - 1 table.with pain, balalgin.
For dehydration, parenteral administration of isotonic sodium chloride solution and 5% glucose solution.
In the first 1-2 days it is recommended to refrain from eating, but it is allowed to drink strong portions of strong tea, Borjomi water;on the second or third day, low-fat broth, mucous soup, semolina and rice mashed rice, jelly are introduced. Then the patient is transferred to a diet number 1, and after 6-8 days - for a normal diet.
Prevention of acute gastritis is reduced to rational nutrition, strict sanitary and hygienic supervision at public catering establishments, and sanitary and educational work with the public.
Chronic gastritis - frequent diseases at any age. They are a kind of progressive inflammatory process that affects all the walls of the stomach, including the mucous membrane. This leads to a gradual decrease in the number of glands and secretory cells, as well as the appearance of foreign cells for the production of glands producing mucus.
The main causes of chronic gastritis are: overeating, the systematic use of very cold or very hot food, poor chewing food, drinking alcohol.
Chronic gastritis can develop independently or be a complication of certain diseases( cholecystitis, colitis, etc.).
An important factor provoking the development of chronic gastritis is eating disorders, erratic or malnutrition. A significant role belongs to insufficient maintenance of high-grade proteins and vitamins in the diet, which disrupts the function and regeneration of the glandular apparatus of the stomach.
Gastritis chronic with decreased and increased secretion - acidity
Distinguish chronic gastritis with reduced secretion and chronic gastritis with increased secretion( acidity).
With gastritis with high acidity , symptoms such as heartburn, acidic eructation, a feeling of pressure, burning and heaviness in the epigastric region, which are especially troubling to the patient 1-2 hours after eating, come to the fore.
Appetite is in most cases preserved, rarely increased. There is a tendency to constipation. The general condition does not suffer much, weight loss is not noted. Gastrites with high acidity very rarely give such a complication as gastric cancer.
Gastritis with a reduced secretion of or lack of free hydrochloric acid( achillium) can from the very beginning develop as an independent disease or arise as the second, the final stage of the "sour" gastritis.
Causes and Symptoms of
With Achillic gastritis, dyspeptic phenomena come to the fore;belching with air( sometimes a rotten egg), nausea, a feeling of heaviness in the epigastric region. Pain sensations are rare. Patients usually complain of unpleasant taste in the mouth;sometimes there is vomiting.
Diarrhea is common in achilic gastritis. The reasons are:
- insufficient grinding of food entering the stomach;
- disruption of connective tissue digestion;
- accelerated gastric emptying associated with impaired closure of the pylorus;
- dysbacteriosis( with a decrease or loss of bactericidal function of gastric juice, the balance of lactic and pathogenic microorganisms is disturbed).With dysbacteriosis, conditions are created for intensive development of putrefactive or fermentative processes in the small intestine.
It should be borne in mind that diarrhea with an anatomical gastritis develops mainly in cases where pancreatic insufficiency is attached to the gastric Achilles.
Almost 95% of diseases of stomach cancer - the result of anatzid( or achilles) gastritis. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose and start treatment on time.
Any disease of the gastrointestinal tract should begin to be treated with teeth. The act of chewing is very important for proper digestion, since it involves not only grinding food, which is very important( "there is no tooth in the stomach"), but also impregnating it with saliva containing enzymes that break down.
In addition, from the taste analyzers in the oral cavity, the central nervous system receives impulses about the qualitative composition of the food, and the central nervous system gives the command to the secretory parts of the stomach, which enzymes and how much should be worked out.
It is necessary to ensure that the diet contains enough fiber that stimulates the activity of the stomach and intestines, adheres to at least the basic rules of separate nutrition, eat more often and gradually.
How to treat and how to cure gastritis: general recommendations for treatment
Approximate treatment regimen for patients with chronic stomach diseases:
- Oral sanation( dental treatment and prosthetics).
- Thoroughly chewing food.
- Cleansing the body as a whole and the intestine in particular. The method of purification is given in the chapter "Cleansing the body."
- Mandatory starvation once a week.
- Take food often, but little by little at a specific time.
- Exclude from the diet fresh milk, coffee, smoked products, fatty foods, spicy and excessively salty foods.
- Eat as many juices, fruits, vegetables as possible( especially in the autumn-winter period), foods high in fiber.
- If you love sweets, do not forget that carbohydrates destroy vitamins( especially vitamin C), so increase the amount of vitamin-containing foods in your diet.
- Vegetarian food is the best diet for diseases of the stomach and intestines.
- Treatment of diseases of the stomach( as, incidentally, and other diseases) need to start during the growth of the moon, but not its decline.
- For treatment, eat more herbs, decoctions, infusions.
Treatment of chronic gastritis at home with folk remedies
Folk medicine advises patients on home treatment, given the form of chronic gastritis. Consider the recipes for gastritis.
How to treat gastritis with increased secretion: recipes
Prepare collection 1 :
- watches three-leafed;
- fennel fruit;
Each component take in an amount of 20 g., Mix. Heat on a water bath for 20 minutes in 1 liters of boiling water, often stirring. Cool for an hour at room temperature, add boiled water to 1 a liter. Take half of cup 3 times daily before meals for 12 days.
Freshly prepared carrot juice, preferably varieties of carotea, take on an empty stomach on half cup 1 once a day.
Freshly prepared potato juice take half of the cup 3 times daily on an empty stomach. After taking the juice should lie for 30 minutes. The juice of potatoes regulates the acidity of the gastric juice and brings it to normal both with anadic and hyperacid gastritis. The course of treatment is 10 days.
For gastritis with high acidity, use collection 2 :
- herb St. John's Wort - 2 parts;
- herb yarrow - 2 parts;
- herb celandine - 1 part;
- chamomile flowers - 2 parts.
One tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes. Take one third of the glass 3 times a day for 20 minutes before eating.
Attention: with gastritis with high acidity, tomato juice is contraindicated, and for acute and chronic gastritis - fresh cucumbers.
Prepare the collection 3 :
- licorice root - 2 parts;
- flax seed - 2 pieces;
- linden flowers - 1 part.
A tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes. Take three quarters of a glass 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before eating.
For gastritis with high acidity 1.5-2 hours before meals for 1.5-2 months should take honey, diluted with warm water.
Very useful for gastritis drink in the morning for 200 ml of boiled water 30 minutes before meals. In gastritis with high acidity, water should be warm, with gastritis with a low acidity - cold( to stimulate gastric secretion).Water washes off the mucous membrane of the mucus, which is harmful to digestion.
How to treat gastritis with reduced secretion
Juice of plantain Drink one third of cup 3 times a day before meals( you can make infusions from leaves or drink a pharmacy plantaglucid).
To raise zero acidity, it is necessary to drink milk whey instead of tea and water for several months.
Prepare the collection 1 :
- three-leaf watch - 10 g;St. John's wort - 10 g;
- root of ayr marsh - 10 g;
- leaves of plantain - 20 g;
- peppermint - 10 g;
- dandelion drug - 10 g;
- Chamomile Pharmacy - 10 g;
- yarrow common - 20 g;
- of calendula flowers - 10 g;
- sage medicinal - 10 g.
All chop, mix and insist on a water bath for 15 minutes in 1 liter of boiling water. Cool at room temperature, strain, add water to 1 liter. Take in a warm form one-third of the glass 3 times a day.
St. John's wort - 2-3 tablespoons of chopped herb infuse in a glass of boiling water 2-3 hours, strain. Drink one third of a glass 3 times a day.
Cabbage white - juice is used for gastritis with low acidity, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, diseases of the liver and spleen. Drink the juice in half a glass 30 minutes before eating in a warm form. Juice can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days.
To increase the secretion of gastric juice for breakfast, eat raw apple, grated ( 150-200 g), three times of raw pumpkin and drink lemon juice( one quarter of glass with 1 teaspoon of honey).After that breakfast, do not drink or eat anything until 11 o'clock. You can reduce the number of apples and pumpkins.
With reduced acidity, it is good to drink rose hips infusion, beet juice, to eat raw beetroot as .
Potato juice , take with a reduced secretion of one-third of the glass 3 times daily before meals.
Prepare collection 2 :
- orange peel - 1 piece;
- rhizome of calamus - 1 part;
- watch leaves - 1 piece;
- herb of a thousand-thousandths - 1 part;
- herb wormwood - 1 part.
A tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, boil 10 minutes. Take half a glass 3 times a day before meals.
Prepare the collection 3 :
- fennel fruit - 1 piece;
- leaves of bearberry - 1 part;
- herb of a thousand-thousandths - 2 parts;
- the herb of St. John's Wort - 2 parts;
- rhizome of gentian - 2 parts;
- chicory grass - 2 parts;
- herb chamois - 4 piece.
A tablespoon of the mixture is brewed with a glass of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, infuse for 2 hours. Take half a glass 3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals.
Horseradish table significantly increases the secretion of gastric juice. Drink horseradish juice 1 teaspoon 3 times a day for 20 minutes before eating.
1 teaspoon wormwood bitter with 2 cups of boiling water and leave for 20 minutes. Take one quarter of the glass 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
To strengthen the secretion of gastric juice, prepare the infusion: 3 tablespoons mint pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 1 hour. Separately - half a tablespoon of roots and rhizomes of valerian pour a glass of water for 8 hours, bring to a boil, cool, wring out, strain and pour into infusion mint leaves. Drink 2-3 times a day for one-third of a glass.
With reduced gastric juice secretion, the tile green tea ( 5 g per 100 ml of water) is useful. Boil for 5 minutes, cool. Drink 100 ml 3 times a day.
Black currant juice - drink one quarter cup 3 times a day.
Powder from the rhubarb root. In small doses( 0.05-0.2 g) the rhubarb has an astringent effect. Take the powder from the dried root of the rhubarb harvested in autumn. Roots are washed in water, cut into pieces, wilted in the sun and dried at a temperature of no higher than 60 ° C.
Infusion of rhizomes of ayr marsh - teaspoon of chopped rhizomes pour a glass of boiling water, insist 20 minutes, strain. Drink half the glass 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
Decoction of yarrow herb - 20 g of herbs pour 2 cups of water, boil for 15 minutes, insist 45 minutes, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.
Catarrh of the stomach ( cures even the oldest catarrh( gastritis): treatment with apples.) Take only green apples, peel, grate, grate immediately, otherwise it will quickly darken.do not eat or drink for 5 hours. If the catarrh is not very strong and old, then abstinence from eating and drinking can be reduced to 4 hours. Only at the very end of the treatment, when the disease almost fades, the required abstinence from drinking and eating can beshortenup to 3-3.5 hours before and after taking the medicine. It is necessary to eat apples early in the morning so that you can have breakfast at about 11.
Note: you can not eat apples for the night, as this contributes to the accumulation of gases.
If you suffer from gastritis,accompanied by severe pain, prepare the formulation:
Place 5 liters of milk in warmth, so that it quickly sour. Bring to a boil, but do not boil. Discard the cottage cheese, and in the serum boil a well-washed oats in a proportion of 5: 1( whey - 5 parts, oats - 1).Cook in an enamel saucepan for 2-3 hours on low heat. Cool down - strain. Remove the oats, and add 300 g of honey and 125 g of alcohol to the serum. Keep in the fridge. Take 30 g for 15 minutes before meals 3 times a day in a warm form.
Medical means, drugs and medicines of official medicine
In the treatment of chronic gastritis, correct, nutritious meals, a skilfully composed diet, the rejection of foods that can irritate the mucous( sharp, salty foods, coffee, tea, alcohol) are important. It is also very important to spend at least once a week unloading days.
Treating gastritis with a decreased secretion of
During an exacerbation:
- Gentle diet( soups, white bread crumbs, cereals, soft-boiled eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, puree from vegetables, potatoes, carrots).
- It is important to eat at certain times.
- Natural gastric juice or hydrochloric acid with pepsin. Take with meals 3 times a day.
- Pancreatin 0.5 three times a day.
- ACTH at 10 units twice a day for 12 days.
- Vitamins B6, B12( parenterally).Nicotinic acid and vitamin C - inside.
- Therapeutic physical training, sanatorium treatment, physiotherapy.
- Mineral water "Essentuki-17", water from Izhevsk and Starorussky sources. Take mineral water in a cold state with meals or 15 minutes before it.
- From drugs, drugs - atropine, belladonna, platyphylline, papaverine, almagel, as well as various alkaline mixtures.
Treating gastritis with increased secretion of
Treatment is the same as with peptic ulcer.
Sanatorium treatment: Pyatigorsk, Mirgorod, Matsesta, Essentuki.
Drink mineral water in a warm form for 30-40 minutes before meals in a warm form.
Gastritis: causes, symptoms and treatment. Diet for gastritis
Gastritis is a collective term used to describe various inflammatory and dystrophic changes in the gastric mucosa in terms of origin and flow. Lesion of the mucosa can be primary, considered as an independent disease, and secondary, caused by other infectious and non-infectious diseases or intoxication. Depending on the intensity and duration of the effect of the damaging factors, the pathological process may be acute, proceeding mainly with inflammatory changes, or chronic - accompanied by structural rearrangement and progressive atrophy of the mucous membrane. Accordingly, two main forms are distinguished: acute and chronic gastritis. Separately, consider alcohol gastritis, which develops against the background of alcohol abuse.
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