Appendicitis is a disease that is characterized by an inflammation of the appendix. But there are situations when the inflammatory process is of a sluggish character. This pathology is called - chronic appendicitis. Usually it is observed as a result of an acute form of the disease. This is a rare enough pathology, but it can develop in every person. Therefore, what kind of illness and how it manifests itself, should be considered in more detail.
- Causes of chronic appendicitis
- Symptoms of chronic appendicitis
- Disease in men
- Chronic form of the disease in women
- Chronic appendicitis in pregnancy
- Disease in the child
- Diagnosis of chronic form of appendicitis
- Treatment of the disease
Determine appendicitis at home in 15 seconds What are the signs of appendicitis in children? Signs and symptoms of appendicitis in women Symptoms and causes of gangrenous appendicitis What diet to observe after removal of appendicitis
Causes of chronic appendicitis
This disease is characterized by inflammation in the wall of the appendix. Code for ICD 10 K36 - other forms of appendicitis. The exact cause of the development of the chronic form of the disease is difficult to identify. The most likely prerequisites for its occurrence are:
- mild inflammation of the appendix, not causing exacerbation;
- relapses due to acute appendicitis;
- defeat of the body by parasites;
- pathogenic viruses or bacteria.
Important to remember!Under favorable conditions for the life of viruses and bacteria, the acute form of the disease most often develops!
Symptoms of chronic appendicitis
The disease usually proceeds asymptomatically. The most obvious signs of chronic appendicitis, which periodically disturb the patient:
- painful sensations and heaviness in the lower abdominal cavity;
- aching pain in the right side of the abdomen;
- sharp sharp pain in abdomen with excessive physical exertion;
- discomfort in the abdomen as a result of overeating, especially when eating fatty foods;
- nausea, sometimes leading to vomiting;
- constipation or diarrhea;
- frequent urge to urinate.
Also, the patient may have a periodic increase in body temperature, especially in the evening.
Disease in men
The identification of the chronic form of inflammation of the appendix in men has certain characteristics, namely:
- when probing the abdominal cavity, the right testicle spontaneously pulls up;
- painful sensations in the region of the right testicle with easy sipping of the scrotum.
Therefore, in the presence of the main symptoms, a man can suspect the development of chronic appendicitis on his own. Such signs are shown erased. At the moment of detection of ailments it is necessary to address to the expert who will lead qualitative diagnostics.
Chronic form of the disease in women
This disease causes women some malaise in the female genital organs. They begin to feel such uncomfortable sensations:
- pain in the lower back, bladder and ovaries;
- acute pain in the lower abdominal cavity during menstruation;
- frequent and painful urination.
If a woman feels the above indispositions, a detailed examination is required. This will help to eliminate the inflammatory processes of the sexual organs, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, which cause such symptoms.
Chronic appendicitis in pregnancy
In this category of women, the presence of the disease is the hardest. This is due to the close arrangement of the appendix to the uterus, which systematically increases, the abdominal press is strained. That is, when probing the abdominal cavity, painful sensations are not always observed. Differential diagnosis is carried out in those cases when a pregnant woman addresses a doctor with such complaints:
- regular jumps of blood pressure and palpitations;
- slight increase in body temperature, especially in the evening;
- constipation or diarrhea;
- painful sensations in the lower abdominal cavity.
The danger of an appendix inflammation during pregnancy is that the appendix is very close to the appendages. This can harm the development of the fetus. Therefore, surgery to remove the inflamed appendix is prescribed in the first half of pregnancy.
Disease in the child
Chronic appendicitis in children is extremely rare. The disease is characterized by more pronounced symptoms than in adults. The child begins to regularly worry about exacerbations, which are accompanied by such symptoms:
- increased body temperature;
- general weakness of the body;
- nausea, sometimes leading to vomiting;
- painful sensations in the abdominal cavity resembling colic.
Is there chronic appendicitis in children without symptoms? This disease is difficult to recognize, but with a palpation of the abdomen, the child feels uncomfortable sensations. If a child is suspected of appendicitis of a chronic nature, he must undergo a thorough examination in a hospital setting.
It is important to know!In children, this disease is characterized by frequent exacerbations! Therefore, if the child has regular illnesses, it is required to urgently consult a specialist.
Diagnosis of chronic form of appendicitis
Differential diagnosis consists in the exclusion of inflammatory processes of the kidney and urogenital system. To detect chronic inflammation of the appendix, the patient is assigned to carry out the following measures:
- Laboratory examination of blood and urine. In people with chronic appendicitis, there is a significant deviation from the norm of leukocytes. Urine analysis helps to exclude kidney and urinary system diseases.
- Radiography. Helps to identify the obstruction of the appendix as a result of excessive accumulation of feces.
- Ultrasound diagnosis. This is one of the most informative ways to detect a disease. Unmistakably determines the chronic inflammation of the appendix, and also excludes diseases of the female genital organs.
- CT scan. It is prescribed in cases when the results of ultrasound diagnostics are questionable. This happens in people who are obese. Computed tomography helps to assess the condition of the walls of the appendix, its shape and location.
- Laparoscopy. Helps determine the further methods of treatment.
Based on the results of the studies, the doctor establishes a correct diagnosis. If the diagnosis was carried out during an exacerbation, then most often the doctor regards the disease as an acute appendicitis, and not as an exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease.
Treatment of the disease
To date, there is no specific tactic regarding the treatment of this disease. But most often the chronic form of appendicitis results in the removal of the appendix in the patient. This is especially true for women in early pregnancy.
Surgery is usually performed by a laparoscopic method. But with an atypical location or a farm of an inflamed vermiform appendage, an open surgical procedure is prescribed.
If the symptoms are sluggish and do not bother the patient in particular, then he is given various physiotherapy procedures and taking pain medications.
The duration of rehabilitation after surgery is about 2 weeks. During this period, the patient should take antibacterial drugs for a more rapid recovery.