Prolonged dry cough

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Causes of dry cough without fever in adults

In our time it is difficult to find an adult or a child who would not cough at least once a day. Zagazovannost large cities and megacities, harmful emissions of industrial enterprises, a lot of different infections - living in a city about clean air can only dream of.

The human respiratory system is so arranged that when penetrating into the bronchi and lungs of infectious agents, allergens, dust, etc., due to irritation of the respiratory tract receptors, a cough occurs.

With its help, the tracheobronchial tree is cleansed of external and internal irritating agents, such as pus, mucus, sputum, blood or from foreign bodies - pollen, dust, food particles. The role of the cough is to prevent mechanical obstacles and cleanse the respiratory tract from sputum or other substances.

When a person has caught a cold and contracted a viral respiratory disease - the clinical picture is clear, the person rises high fever, runny nose, cough, tear, weakness and other symptoms of intoxication, characteristic of these diseases. In these cases, the cause of dry cough is clear. And how to understand why there is a cough without temperature in an adult or a child?

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Many believe that cough is caused only by respiratory diseases, however, a prolonged dry cough may be a symptom of such serious diseases like heart failure, oncological diseases of the mediastinal organs, certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, sinusitis, sinusitis. The table below shows the symptoms and diagnosis of certain diseases that are characterized by a dry cough without fever or with a temperature of 37 ° C.

Cough and runny nose without fever

  • With colds

may cause catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, runny nose, cough without body temperature or 37-3,. With such types of Orvy, the throat may not bother, but a common cold, cough without fever is characteristic. If the cough does not go away within 3 weeks after the onset of SARS, you should consult a therapist.

Dry cough without fever
  • Allergic reaction

on various flowering plants in an apartment or on the street, an allergy to dust is also accompanied by a dry non-productive cough, an allergy to pet hair, pet food or animal care products, a similar reaction is possible for perfumery and cosmetic products facilities.

Even in carpets and bedding there are a lot of allergens, which can be inadequate reaction of the body, which is expressed by dry cough and runny nose without temperature. Also, the massive use of various household chemicals, unsafe detergent powders with surfactants over 35% all this can affect the state of the respiratory system and manifest as a cough and runny nose without temperature.

  • Post-infection cough

after acute infectious or viral inflammation of the respiratory tract cough with perspiration, coughing, feeling tickling or agitation, can last up to 3 weeks, and just unpleasant sensations and a rare coughing is possible before, months.

Dry prolonged cough without fever

  • Stress

Stressful situations, nervous shocks, experiences can provoke a dry cough - this is called psychogenic cough, when a person worries, gets lost or embarrassed, he can cough up.

  • Also, for a long time in a room with dry, dusty air, irritation in the respiratory tract may appear.
  • Oncological diseases

If a prolonged severe dry cough without fever lasts more than a month, you should consult a therapist, pulmonologist, allergist, oncologist, phthisiatrist for the passage of a thorough diagnosis, since the diseases that cause incessant cough are very many - tuberculosis, lung cancer, bronchial cancer, trachea, throat.

  • Heart Disease

Cardiac cough should be distinguished, for example, from the cough of a smoker or a bronchial cough. Such a cough occurs after physical activity and there is no sputum, however, sometimes with acute cardiac disease, bloody discharge after a dry cough is possible. This is due to the malfunctioning of the left ventricle, when the lungs are stagnant blood and its secretion with a cough. The person besides the cough is disturbed also by palpitation, and a short wind, and pains in the field of heart and so forth.

  • Chronic diseases of ENT organs

often with chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, such as sinusitis, frontalitis, sinusitis due to the flow of mucus from the nose along the back wall of the throat, there may be a cough without temperature, it is concomitant and not associated with lower respiratory ways.

  • Tuberculosis

a prolonged dry cough, a temperature of 37-3, indicates a possible tuberculous process in the lungs or bronchi. To date, the situation of tuberculosis is very tense, even among people of high social status, the development of this formidable disease, persistent stressful situations, overfatigue, inadequate rest reduce the defenses of the body and since 90% of the population by the age of 30 is infected with a stick of Koch, provoking factors can lead to the activation of the mycobacterium in organism.

  • Thyroid gland diseases

with a nodular or diffuse increase in the thyroid gland, pressure on the trachea occurs, causing a dry cough without temperature in adults.

  • Some diseases of the digestive tract

can also cause a dry cough without fever, a reflex cough after eating in the case of an esophageal-tracheal fistula, reflux esophagitis, and esophageal diverticulum.

  • If foreign matter enters the respiratory tract.

Name of the disease Characteristics of cough and other symptoms Body temperature Diagnostics
Some types of ARVI Cough is first dry, then it becomes wet with sputum secretion The temperature may not be or may be low-grade 37-3, Examination of the therapist, pediatrician, general blood test
Chronic bronchitis, smoker's bronchitis Chronic coughing is usually deaf, especially attacks in the morning, in the cold, when inhaling gassed or smoky air. With prolonged chronic bronchitis, sputum may be purulent. With exacerbation or acute bronchitis, the temperature usually rises, especially with acute bronchitis in children, but with chronic temperature there is not or 37 with little. Radiography of the chest, examination of the therapist, a general blood test, bacterial sputum culture on the sensitivity to antibiotics in the case of purulent sputum.
Chronic frontitis, sinusitis, rhinitis For such diseases is characterized by frequent dry cough, especially at night. In acute sinusitis and frontal sinusitis, the temperature is high, but with a chronic process, a cough and a temperature of 37 or normal Examination with an otolaryngologist, an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses of the nose
Oncological diseases of the mediastinum With oncological diseases cough can be dry, debilitating Without temperature Examination at a pulmonologist, oncologist - X-ray, MRI of mediastinal organs, bronchoscopy, blood test, oncomarker, etc.
Tuberculosis Persistent cough with sputum or sparse phlegm, weakness, decreased appetite and performance, night sweats, chills. The temperature is normal in the morning, by evening usually low-grade 37-3, Chest x-ray, Computed tomography, tuberculin tests, phthisiatric consultation.
Professional cough Appears in people working in hazardous manufacturing plants, when in the air many different chemicals, dust, such a cough is dry, exhausting without sputum Without temperature Inspection of the therapist, pulmonologist, X-ray of the lungs to exclude other pathologies.
Allergic reactions, allergic bronchitis Cough is dry, without phlegm, in the form of perspiration, irritation, occurs after contact with the allergen - animals, dust, plant pollen, fluff, feather, wool, household chemicals, perfumes, washing powders. Without temperature Consultation of an allergist, immunologist
Heart failure, rhomboembolism of the pulmonary artery, heart defects, A dry, prolonged cough without fever occurs after physical exertion and is strengthened in the prone position, but after the adoption of the vertical position it weakens. It is accompanied by shortness of breath, palpitation, high blood pressure, sometimes there are attacks of suffocation. Without temperature First, consult a therapist, then a cardiologist.
Lungs' cancer In addition to dry coughing, people are concerned about chest pains. In the long-term process, dry cough can be accompanied by periodic sputum discharge with pus or blood. Dry cough, temperature 37-3, or it may not be Consultation of the oncologist-chest x-ray, bronchoscopy, general blood test, oncomarkers, etc.
Throat cancer Signs of throat cancer, larynx in this disease is characterized by dry cough without temperature, not amenable to treatment, as well as possible shortness of breath, as the laryngeal lumen narrows. Sputum can be with blood, also blood can be in saliva and mucus from the nose. Without temperature or 37-3, Consultation of an otolaryngologist, oncologist.
Use of certain medicines These drugs include: drugs for hypertension, ACE inhibitors, nitrofurans, beta-blockers, aspirin, amiodarone, Inhalation drugs-beclomethasone, ipratropium bromide, are able to cause a cough without temperature, chronic unproductive. Without temperature Tell the cardiologist about the drugs that you take and that they cause a cough.
Pneumonia in the elderly It is very rare, but there are cases when pneumonia occurs without a temperature or with a slight unobtrusive increase, usually it is typical for the elderly, while, in addition to coughing, chest pains, weakness, loss appetite. Pneumonia sometimes occurs without high fever with a strong cough, especially in weakened and elderly people. Address to the therapist, chest X-ray, a general blood test.

If a person is worried that he has a severe dry cough without fever and other symptoms of colds, he suffers from attacks of dry cough for a long time, do not delay the visit to therapist.

  • First of all, one should be alerted and analyze when most often there are coughing attacks - if this is related to the quality of the inhaled air, the presence of new furniture, fresh repair in the apartment or the appearance of an animal, woolen or fur clothing, other clothes of poor quality - it is most likely a defensive reaction of the broncho-pulmonary system to toxic substances in dyes, plastics, particle boards, mattresses, carpets, etc. household items or an allergic reaction to wool, fur, fluff, feather, etc.
  • If the cough is only at a certain time - only in the morning, most likely it is chronic bronchitis. If on the contrary, only at night or in a horizontal position - a heart cough, cough with diseases of ENT organs. If during a meal - it can be a cancer of the throat, larynx, gastrointestinal tract.
  • Pay attention to the color, amount and consistency of sputum, this must be reported to the doctor, what color is it, whether there are impurities of blood, pus (yellow-green).

Prolonged cough

Cough in most cases is a manifestation of diseases of the respiratory system, but there are many reasons that can cause it. That is why self-medication of this anxiety symptom instead of relief can lead to the most serious consequences. Before trying to cough yourself with sweet potions and folk remedies, it is necessary to conduct a good diagnosis and establish the true cause of the problem.

Prolonged coughNot all types of cough are evidence of a disease or infection. So, a protracted cough that lasts for more than a month without visible deterioration of well-being, temperature and accompanying catarrhal phenomena is not a cause for concern. Most likely, it is caused by the activity of receptors responsible for reflex coughing. Very often, this condition is observed after the disease.

If the cough precedes wheezing in the chest, disappearing for a while after it, then, obviously, is due to the not found out of the bronchi sputum, left after the respiratory or viral disease. Sometimes a protracted cough is accompanied by low temperature and weakness. If these circumstances caused a cough, then no treatment is required, and the symptom itself speaks about the process of recovery.

At the same time, a protracted cough, especially when it comes to a child, can be a consequence of a digestive disorder, because of which food is eaten into the windpipe. Difficulty with swallowing saliva also causes a characteristic cough in infants, so often frightening young parents. Allergic reactions to odors, animal hair and pollen have similar manifestations and require qualitative, detailed diagnosis and proper therapy.

Despite a minimal health hazard, a cough that lasts several weeks creates some discomfort, not allowing to lead a full life, to visit theater, cinema and to feel uncomfortable in public places and at work. Medicamentous treatment is not required here, but nobody can interfere with the secrets of traditional medicine.

The simplest and most effective way to get rid of a protracted cough is a honey and vodka cocktail. For its preparation it is necessary to take one raw egg and beat it with equal amounts of vodka, honey, soda and fatty milk. The resulting mixture is heated slightly and taken on an empty stomach. Usually enough one or two procedures to say goodbye to a cough for a long time.

Also, intensive rubbing with turpentine ointment or, in the absence of the latter, chopped garlic, is excellent. Ointment is applied to dry clean skin in the chest area in front and behind, after which for several hours put on a warming vest made of natural wool. If at the same time drink a glass of hot ginger tea, then the effect will increase many times.

Sometimes a protracted cough is not associated with a cold or congestion in the lungs. Oddly enough, larvae of helminths can cause it. The fact is that, migrating through the body, they lay eggs in the intestines, and the larva that appears appears in the lungs, causing a violent cough that does not lend itself to traditional treatment. Avoid this serious misfortune, threatening serious consequences, you can use timely preventive measures and regularly give tests for the detection of traces of helminths in the stool.

Another reason for coughing, especially when it comes to a small child, can be the ingress of a foreign body into the bronchi. Even the smallest particle, overlapping a thin channel, causes coughing attacks. To diagnose this phenomenon, it is necessary to conduct a special examination under general anesthesia. If you do not remove a foreign object from the bronchi, the most tragic outcome may occur. Parents should closely monitor the kids, not allowing their games with small items that are easy to breathe.

Whatever the causes of a protracted cough, it is necessary to get rid of it. To resort to this for the help of traditional or traditional medicine is an individual matter for everyone. As practice shows, the best results are obtained by combining all known methods. Health care, hardening and prevention of colds are the best way to prevent a cough, which is much better than fighting it.

Posted on: 02/28/2015

The reason for a protracted cough

Cough is a reflex act, during which the respiratory muscles contract, and there is a trembling, powerful air release, laryngeal, bronchial, tracheal and pleura. The main purpose of the cough reflex is to cleanse the respiratory tract from mucus, fluid and foreign bodies.

Many diseases are accompanied by a cough. In some cases you can deal with it in a few days, but sometimes it drags on for a long time. Such a cough is considered acute and causes several.

A prolonged dry cough can occur with the syndrome of "postnasal swelling". This happens as a result of the inflammatory process of the nasopharynx, when slime flows down the back wall into the area of ​​the tracheobronchial tree. This irritates the receptors and causes a cough.

Prolonged cough may appear after a cold with weakened immunity, when the infection passes to the lower parts of the respiratory tract and leads to bronchitis. If at this time do not go to the doctor, the acute form of the disease can go to the chronic. Chronic bronchitis occurs along with dry cough in the pathological expansion of the bronchi, when their structure is changed. This is called bronchiectasis. Against the background of inflammation, it is possible to develop bronchial asthma, pneumonia and lung abscess.

Another cause can be chronic pharyngitis. A prolonged cough develops as a result of constant tingling and perspiration in the throat. To make an accurate diagnosis, you need to visit an otolaryngologist. Treatment is carried out in a hospital.

Painful coughing, fever and shortness of breath can be symptoms of pleurisy. This disease is extremely dangerous. This may be a symptom of the tumor of the mediastinum (anatomical space in the middle of the thoracic cavity).

A long cough with a subsequent dry or excruciating moist is noted at the initial stage of tuberculosis and is accompanied by weight loss, increased body temperature, chills, active perspiration. In this case, it is necessary to contact the phthisiatrician, since the absence of treatment can result in a fatal outcome.

Dry lingering cough

Cough is of a physiological and pathological nature. At the first, normal and everyday short-term actions occur, aimed at removing foreign components from the human body. Pathological cough manifests itself against the background of various diseases of the respiratory system. This includes long, continuing from two weeks to a month. Its main factor is the excessive sensitivity of receptors and the active production of sputum due to the disease. This is not only a symptom, but also an attribute of the healing process.

Prolonged cough moist

Wet cough occurs only with diseases of the respiratory system and is a consequence of the formed bronchial secretion. It occurs with pulmonary edema, cavernous tuberculosis, abscess of the lungs. Since moist cough relieves the lungs of the contents, I call it productive.

Sputum can determine the nature of the disease. In bronchial asthma, it resembles a transparent cast. With pneumonia, it is similar to rust. With abscess of the lung, the cough is purulent and with an unpleasant odor. During the flu, the secret is transparent and light. With pneumonia in the sputum, you can see blood veins. Tuberculosis is often accompanied by hemoptysis.

Often a wet cough is defined as a symptom, as it occurs with diseases of the respiratory system. This is tuberculosis, acute bronchitis, influenza, acute respiratory infections. A wet cough is tolerated by a sick person more easily than dry, but provided that the phlegm is not viscous.

When a wet cough in a child, parents should carefully monitor the course of the disease. You should worry if you see the following symptoms:

  • the baby has shortness of breath;
  • in the phlegm elements of blood;
  • sputum green;
  • there is pain in the chest;
  • the child refuses to eat.
Prolonged cough in the child

Prolonged cough without fever

The main causes of prolonged cough without temperature are:

  • dry air in the room;
  • presence in the body of a foreign body;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • inflammation of the pharynx and paranasal sinuses;
  • presence of substances harmful to the body
  • heart disease;
  • problems with the gastrointestinal tract;
  • helminthic invasions.

How to cure a protracted cough

Drugs against cough are divided into two types - thinning phlegm and contributing to its excretion. A more prolonged cough is treated as a complication after an acute viral respiratory disease or acute viral infection. Often after a cold, bronchitis occurs, accompanied by a prolonged and severe cough.

In the course of the disease, the water balance is disturbed, so a large amount of fluid helps it to recover and dilute sputum. Doctors recommend drinking a warm "Borjomi its chemical composition speeds up recovery and facilitates the departure of sputum. Food should be light, but high in calories. In the diet should be present vegetables and fruits.

Effective use of inhalation. They are shown to both adults and children. Breathing can be herbal medicinal collections of chamomile, sage, thyme, mother-and-stepmother, essential oils of menthol and eucalyptus oil with the addition of baking soda.

Prolonged cough in an adult

The risk of prolonged coughing in an adult in the absence of proper treatment is the transition to a chronic stage. On the background of bronchitis, prolonged coughing can be a formidable symptom of cancer, lung pathology or a violation of the cardiovascular system. It happens that the disease is accompanied by constant heartburn, hemoptysis, zalozhennostyu in the thoracic region, inflammation of the nasal mucosa.

Prolonged cough, than to treat an adult

After a course of antibiotics prescribed by a doctor, you can hold special massage courses. For complete recovery, four courses of twelve procedures are conducted. It is very important that there is no exacerbation of the disease.

If you smoke, then it's time to get rid of the bad habit. Also it is necessary to exclude the possibility of supercooling and exposure to harmful substances.

Prolonged cough in the child

Parents are very worried when after a long cough treatment the baby does not pass. A prolonged cough in a child is diagnosed if it does not last for three weeks. After this period, it is necessary to repeatedly consult a doctor to establish the cause. The most common reasons are:

  • allergy to dust, pets, cigarette smoke;
  • asthma;
  • inflammatory infectious diseases;
  • supercooling;
  • psychological reasons

Treatment of protracted cough in children

To make a diagnosis, you need to undergo a serious examination. If the child has a dry cough, the sputum is taken out with diluting drugs. People's remedies are good: a tablespoon of honey and lemon juice.

If the cough is wet, the doctor will prescribe expectorant medications and mucosal drugs. Carry out inhalations with chloride of benzoate and sodium hydrogen carbonate. The kid needs to drink a lot. Give him broths of wild rose, chamomile and warm fruit.

Chest massage helps to get rid of the disease faster. It is carried out in the absence of temperature for fifteen minutes. The course consists of ten procedures that can be done daily.

Treatment of protracted cough with folk remedies

If a cough appeared during a cold disease, then you can be treated using traditional folk recipes:

Black bread crumble and mash. Mix with warm honey and put on the bandage, which wrap the chest.

Spread a tablespoon of thyme with a glass of boiling water and warm in a water bath for fifteen minutes. Insist twenty minutes and take a tablespoon three times a day.

Do inhalation with pine buds. If there is an inhaler, then a tablespoon of kidneys pour boiling water and breathe for ten minutes. So you can treat a child.

For ten minutes, simmer the lemon. Then cut in half and squeeze out the juice. Pour into a glass, add two tablespoons of glycerin, stir and top up to the top of the honey. Take a teaspoon six times a day.

Cut the black radish into cubes, put into a saucepan, covered with sugar. Bake in the oven for two hours. Then separate the baked portions and squeeze out the liquid. Take a tablespoon before meals four times. Children need to take two teaspoons three times.

Prolonged cough without fever

Many people pay attention to cough only if it is accompanied by fever. In the remaining cases, the symptom is not serious, they are waiting for an unpleasant phenomenon to pass by itself. They do not even think about going to the hospital, and a long cough without temperature persists for months.

The frivolous attitude to a signal of an organism in most cases comes to an end pitiful enough:

  • Cough without feverThe underlying disease that caused the cough and was not treated for a long time, grows into a severe form.
  • The patient begins to show additional ailments, caused by a permanent weakening of the body's immune system.
  • Treatment requires large financial costs.
  • The patient falls out of active life for a long time.
  • Often the neglected form of the underlying ailment that caused a cough without temperature, because of untimely medical care, can not be cured completely. A person for a lifetime gets a chronic illness.

The severe consequences of ignoring a prolonged cough without fever are explained by the fact that often it is a companion of quite serious and dangerous processes occurring in the body. They can affect various organs, as well as worsen the state of the immune system as a whole.

Prolonged cough, chest pain without fever due to chronic bronchitis

Reflex spasms of the respiratory tract often serve as a sign of ailments, not necessarily having a sharp form. A prolonged cough (more than a month) without a temperature is very often observed with chronic bronchitis. Its main features are:

  • Parallel appearance of painful sensations in the chest.
  • Gain in windy and damp weather.
  • Allocating abundant sputum.

Prolonged disregard of the symptom and lack of adequate treatment of the underlying disease can lead to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Long cough without fever with tuberculosis

In addition to protracted bronchitis, there is a more serious respiratory disease, which can be evidenced by bronchospasm, which do not give rest for a long time. A prolonged cough (3 weeks) without fever can be a sign of such a terrible ailment as tuberculosis. The symptom that accompanies this disease has the following characteristics:

  • Prolonged cough without feverIt may be dry or with a small amount of sputum.
  • Has a metallic sound.
  • It manifests itself mainly in the morning hours, after the patient got out of bed.
  • Individual seizures can be quite long.

The danger of ignoring a prolonged cough without the temperature caused by tuberculosis is that during reflex spasms, which are becoming more intense, respiratory organs can be injured and pulmonary bleeding. The main disease in the absence of adequate treatment will progress, growing into a more severe form.

Constant cough without temperature in smokers

Reflex spastic exhalations, which last for a long time, can be caused not only directly by diseases of the bronchi or lungs. Often they develop due to the presence of a harmful habit - nicotine addiction, which provokes the beginning of the development of various pathological processes in the respiratory organs.

If the cough lasts 3 weeks (no temperature), while a person has a long experience of a smoker, it is worth paying attention to the following symptoms:

  • Are there any signs of any infectious diseases.
  • Does cough appear most often in the mornings, after physical exertion (even fast walking), with sudden inhalations.
  • Are bronchospasm accompanied by the release of dense clots of mucus.

If a prolonged cough without temperature in a smoker is accompanied by similar symptoms, then there is a high probability that an unpleasant phenomenon is caused by the constant inhalation of tobacco smoke.

The only way to get rid of a prolonged cough without temperature in this case is to stop smoking. All other methods (inhalations, mint or eucalyptus sweets, softening the throat of the rinse) may slightly weaken the intensity of reflex spasms, but they will not be able to completely rid themselves of them.

Just as it is impossible without abandoning the harmful habit and stop the pathological processes that began in the respiratory system. After all, very often a prolonged cough in smokers develops into chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which threatens with serious consequences for health.

Prolonged cough without fever with heart disease

Continuous reflex spasms of the diaphragm can be caused not only by pathological processes occurring directly in the respiratory organs. If, for example, a cough lasts 2 weeks without a temperature, then it is worth paying attention to other sensations and signs:

  • A prolonged cough without fever in heart diseaseA symptom without temperature, accompanied by the separation of mucus and blood clots, will indicate a possible failure of the right ventricle of the heart, which appeared against the background of atrial fibrillation. The prolonged course of this disease causes stagnation in the lungs. As a consequence, there is a thromboembolic syndrome that causes bronchospasm.
  • A sharp dry cough, accompanied by pain, not only in the heart area, but in the entire chest can be a sign of pericarditis or rheumatism. The absence of treatment of these diseases for a long time is fraught with the onset of heart attacks.
  • A prolonged, exhausting and loud cough without temperature, which occurs after a person's stay for some time in a supine position, may indicate a heart failure of the left ventricle. It is accompanied by a strong choking. Coughing in this case brings noticeable relief.
  • A prolonged dry cough without fever can be a symptom of a strong increase in the size of the left atrium. An unpleasant phenomenon can be accompanied by weakness and abundant sweating.
  • In children, a prolonged cough without fever can indicate the presence of congenital heart disease. This disease is fraught with various complications. However, a child can outgrow it.

Prolonged cough without fever in allergic reactions

Supersensitivity of the organism to various stimuli can also cause reflex spasms of the respiratory tract. The unpleasant symptom arising from the action of allergens can be quite long. He pursues a person until the patient's contact with the provocateur is excluded. If the cough lasts two weeks (without the temperature), then it will not be superfluous to visit the hospital and take tests to identify various intolerances.

For an unpleasant symptom caused by an allergy, the following course is characteristic:

  • Appearance after contact with a specific stimulus.
  • Absence of such signs of painful conditions, such as: fever, fever, pain, weakness.
  • Possible presence of itching, runny nose, sneezing.
  • Absence of phlegm.

A prolonged cough without fever can be evidence of an allergic reaction of the body to such common things as:

  • Pollen of plants.
  • Food.
  • Wool.
  • Frost.
  • The sun.
  • Cosmetical tools.
  • Household chemical products.

The reasons for the development of allergies and the occurrence of a prolonged cough without temperature, can be:

  • Excessive hygiene, which reduces the protective function of the immune system.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Food saturated with chemical elements.

Unfortunately, drugs that treat allergies do not exist. Therefore, the only way to get rid of a prolonged cough without temperature is to completely exclude contact with the stimulus that causes intolerance.

Prolonged cough without fever

Of course, the general knowledge of the causes of reflux airway spasms is not enough to independently diagnose and prescribe treatment. Only a doctor can correctly understand why an unpleasant symptom arose, analyze all available clinical picture and identify a disease that causes an unpleasant long-term cough without temperature. Only after this, the specialist appoints the optimal treatment regimen, which will help the patient in the shortest time to get rid of an unpleasant symptom and the underlying ailment.

What can cause a violent cough without fever?

A prolonged severe cough without fever is common enough. Many do not attach importance to easy coughing and do not seek medical help. Someone completely ignores the unpleasant phenomenon, believing that it will disappear by itself with time. Others are trying to cure malaise with folk remedies against coughing or buying medicines on the advice of acquaintances.

Cough in the absence of temperature

Self-medication, like ignoring the disease, can be dangerous to health, because a constant cough can be a sign of a serious illness. Improperly selected medications can worsen a patient's condition. Non-cured diseases often become chronic or provoke the development of other pathologies.

What is a cough

Coughing is a reflex reaction of the body to various stimuli in the organs of the respiratory system. It performs a protective and purifying function. With its help, the body is released from foreign bodies that get into the respiratory tract, as well as from substances that irritate the respiratory system. Cough reflex helps to get rid of pathogens and the products of infection control with the body's defenses. Thanks to this reaction, the body maintains optimal conditions for the healthy life of the respiratory system. Therefore, the treatment of many types of cough is aimed at its effectiveness, not suppression.

But coughing can have a nervous nature. It occurs due to diseases of the human nervous system, and not as a result of external effects on the respiratory system.

Wet and dry coughCough is of two kinds: dry and wet. If the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs are dry and hot, then the cough reflex will be dry. He does not bring relief. Often, it irritates the mucous membranes and can be painful and unpleasant.

A wet cough occurs when the reflex reaction is accompanied by a sputum discharge. He usually brings relief, but in some cases a wet cough can be very deep. Coughing becomes harder. Sometimes there is a feeling of lack of air.

If the inflammation of the respiratory system is caused by infection, a cough reflex may appear against the background of an increase in body temperature. However, it often appears non-heat.

There are several reasons for the occurrence of a cough without temperature.

Cough without fever on the background of an infectious disease

Inflammatory process, caused by various types of pathogens, can occur without an increase in body temperature.Such a course of an infectious disease can be caused by a reduced immunity of the sick person. In such cases, a deep cough can be observed. Weak resistance of the body allows infection to penetrate into the upper respiratory tract, into the bronchi and further into the lungs. A person with healthy immunity would have a high body temperature in this condition. But a weak immune response makes a person vulnerable to disease. If the disease is not treated, then the patient's condition will rapidly deteriorate.

Concomitant of the cold coughStrong immunity can effectively fight infection at the stage of infection. The infected person shows signs of a disease (for example, cough and runny nose), but the body temperature does not increase. If you ignore such a state, then the immune forces may not be enough to successfully overcome the infection. If you lead a normal lifestyle and load the body with the usual daily loads, the infection will be able to cause an inflammatory process. In addition, a bacterial infection may be added to the viral infection.

A prolonged cough without fever can be a consequence of a viral disease that has been transferred, when an acute inflammatory process has passed into a chronic condition. Dry, irritating the mucous membrane of the throat, cough is characteristic of chronic atrophic pharyngitis. Cough reflex with sputum may be a sign of chronic hypertrophic pharyngitis.

After suffering an acute respiratory viral disease, coughing can be observed for a while as a residual phenomenon.

A prolonged dry cough without a rise or with a slight increase in temperature can be a sign of the defeat of the body by a tuberculous infection. This symptom is characteristic for tubercular bronchoadenitis and the initial stage of focal pulmonary tuberculosis.

Allergic nature

Allergic nature of coughCough without fever occurs with various allergic diseases.

Cough reflex can appear due to the ingress of substances - allergens - onto the mucous membrane of the respiratory organs. For example, pollen from plants, spores of fungi or poplar fluff. Such a cough is usually dry and shallow. It can be observed as a slight cough, and attacks of an uncontrollable cough, during which the patient suffocates. For an allergic cough, the symptoms disappear after the removal of the irritant substance. It instantly disappears or becomes less obvious after taking antihistamines.

Asthma as one of the reasons

Asthma is a chronic lung disease, which causes inflammation and swelling of the airways. Asthmatics suffer from coughing attacks, especially at night. During an attack there is a hoarse or labored breathing, mucus is formed. A cough attack can trigger a physical load, a pungent smell or cold air. Aggravation of the disease also causes various substances - allergens. Before the attack, the patient may feel itching in the chin, chest or neck. In the development of the disease, heredity, as well as occupational and environmental factors play an important role. Recent studies have confirmed the impact of household chemicals on the development of this disease.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Localization of chronic obstructive diseaseChronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a disease in which an irreversible airflow restriction occurs in the respiratory tract. There is no increase in body temperature. This condition progresses steadily and is accompanied by an inflammatory response of the lungs. The disease appears due to the constant exposure of irritants to respiratory organs of pathogenic particles or gases. In response to the stimulus in the lungs, the number of cells that produce a mucous secret is intensively increased. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often suffers from smokers with a long history - more than forty-five years. Therefore, this ailment is often called a smoker's illness. They have too much sputum, which can go unnoticed, as tobacco smoke paralyzes the cilia of the bronchi that help to move the sputum. Therefore, heavy smokers often deafeningly cough in the morning with the release of sputum. But after the first puffs, the cough reflex ceases. If a smoker can not live without a morning cigarette, this is a sign of the development of pathology in his respiratory system.

Over time, a more severe condition develops, in which the patient can not exhale air from the lungs due to the narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi.

Cough as a side effect

Medications as the Cause of CoughA non-temperature cough may occur as a result of prolonged use of medications for treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and hypertension - ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme). The side effect of such therapy can be a cough reflex. About a fifth of patients who take such drugs develop a dry cough.

Long-term administration of drops to treat the common cold can provoke a cough reflex. In this case, usually observed catarrhal phenomena - a slight reddening of the throat and a sensation of tickling in the throat.

Other reasons

Gastroesophageal reflux disease can be accompanied by a cough without temperature. This disease of the esophagus and stomach, in which gastric acid enters the esophagus due to the weakness of the valve. Together with heartburn, coughing, wheezing, and chest pain may occur.

Contaminated air causes coughing attacks. Thus, the body tries to get rid of foreign particles that are in the air.

Influence of dirty air on the lungsLong exposure to vapors and gases can lead to sputum and irritation of the lungs. The same effect can cause mold spores. Contaminated air often provokes allergic reactions or an attack of asthma.

Neurogenic cough occurs against the background of a nervous system. Usually it is a dry, sonorous cough reflex, intensifying in stressful situations. In a calm state and during sleep, he usually does not bother the person.

Oncological diseases

Chronic cough without fever is often a sign of the development of a malignant tumor in the respiratory system. Cough of the oncological nature has its own characteristics, although it is very similar to the usual cough reflex. It is characterized by great intensity and gradually changes its character. In the first stages of the disease, coughing is usually dry and painful. In the course of time, sputum appears. At first it is simply mucous, then purulent-mucous. In late stages, sputum is purulent-mucous. The oncological cough reflex does not respond to standard therapy. Call it can malignant tumors that have arisen in different tissues of the respiratory system.

Treatment of cough

Treating coughing with radish juiceIf a cough without fever has recently appeared and is accompanied by a runny nose, it may be the result of the action of viruses. In this case, you must comply with bed rest. It is not recommended to visit the team in order not to spread the infection and not to burden the body in addition. An easy disease will pass by itself or with the help of folk remedies - tea with kalina, radish juice and herbal remedies. If the cough does not disappear more than two weeks, you need to visit a doctor. It is especially dangerous to ignore the best-temperature cough in children. The development of diseases in children is rapid.

A long-term, non-vanishing cough reflex, not accompanied by fever, is an alarming sign. Especially if a strong cough is accompanied by a discharge of sputum with blood veins and pain. To delay with a visit to the doctor is strictly not recommended.

Before you start cough treatment, you need to find out the reason for its appearance. Many diseases have similar symptoms, but they have completely different nature. A diagnosis error can have fatal consequences.

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Only a doctor can determine the causes of any cough. He will examine the patient and will assign a series of studies. Probably, it is required to make a roentgen of lungs. Depending on the results of the research, the doctor will diagnose and prescribe the treatment.

Effective treatment of prolonged cough

Treatment of prolonged coughSymptom of many ailments of various origins is an unpleasant phenomenon, like a protracted cough. Often you can get rid of it quickly enough, but there are cases that painful spasms are delayed. This may be a sign of neglected forms of colds, bronchitis, influenza. In this case, a prolonged cough will be accompanied by headaches, fever, a runny nose, unpleasant sensations in the chest and other negative conditions.

If sharp spastic exhalations last more than a few weeks, and there are no other symptoms, this is evidence of the course of inflammatory processes in the respiratory organs or the appearance of more serious diseases. In this case, treatment of a prolonged cough begins with a fluorography cabinet and a picture of the lungs. This simple procedure helps the doctor confirm or exclude certain diseases, as well as determine further necessary analyzes and actions.

Causes of a prolonged cough that requires immediate treatment

Not going for a long time sharp reflex exhalations can be evidence of such ailments as:

  • Treatment of prolonged coughBronchial asthma. The disease is often accompanied by bouts of prolonged cough, especially at night. Patients experience pain in the chest and abdomen, resulting from the constant tension of the muscles of the diaphragm. A characteristic feature of asthmatic convulsive spasms of the respiratory tract is expectoration in 30-60 minutes of viscous sputum.
  • Smoking. At avid lovers of nicotine with a long history of cough can last for years. It is characterized by intensification in the morning. Symptoms are accompanied by expectoration of mucus. At the perennial smokers in the lungs, degenerative processes can begin to occur, which in the future often lead to the onset of cancer, so treatment should be carried out immediately.
  • Transition of respiratory, catarrhal diseases, bronchitis to the chronic stage. Prolonged cough in such cases is dry, accompanied by other characteristic symptoms for such ailments (malaise, a slash in the eyes, dizziness, fever, runny nose, weakness, joint pain and head).
  • Tuberculosis. Very serious disease. Characterized by a prolonged cough, spitting excretion at which has bloody veins.
  • Whooping cough. Characterized by the frequent occurrence of prolonged seizures at night, increasing with time. With symptomatic treatment, such drugs as inhalation, mustard, warming have absolutely no effect. It often leads a patient before the occurrence of vomiting. Even with timely treatment with the underlying ailment the symptom lasts about one and a half months.
  • Pneumonia. The disease is dangerous because it can take place without other symptoms and can not be mistaken for a long time.
  • The appearance of malignant formations. In the early stages of other symptoms, apart from a prolonged cough may not be observed. With the course of the disease there are pains in the region of the chest. Timely initiation of treatment of prolonged cough caused by such pathologies is extremely important for minimizing the negative consequences and preventing the death.

How to treat a prolonged cough?

How to cure a prolonged coughThe first stage of successful treatment of spastic airway contractions that do not recede for a long time is visiting a medical institution and conducting a fluorographic examination of the lungs. If necessary, the doctor can prescribe the delivery of blood and sputum tests. After all, any doctor before you treat a prolonged cough should know exactly what causes it.

After conducting all examinations, examinations and diagnosis, the specialist determines the cause an unpleasant phenomenon and appoints an adequate treatment regimen, including the use of various methods and receptions. Common, to reduce the suffering from a cough that lasts a long time, are the following recommendations:

  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Humidify the air in the room.
  • Refuse to smoke and drink alcohol.
  • Do not overcool.
  • Do inhalation.

If a prolonged cough is caused by chronic colds, respiratory diseases or bronchitis, then with its symptomatic treatment, the following remedies are very helpful:

  • Hot foot baths with mustard.
  • Rasiranie breasts with alcohol and badger fat.
  • Inhalation of vapors of eucalyptus, potatoes, medicinal herbs.
  • Special massage.
  • Menthol candies and pastilles.

Drug treatment for prolonged cough should be done very carefully and do so under the strict supervision of a doctor. After spastic exhalations of a different nature require the use of drugs with diametrically opposite principle of action: antitussive and mucolytics. Their misuse can lead to deplorable results and aggravate the condition of the patient.

In general, symptomatic treatment of prolonged cough is carried out with the help of such groups of drugs:

  • Treatment of prolonged coughThe oppressive cough reflex. Are applied not for long. May be addictive. They have many side effects. Their use is unacceptable with productive reflex spasms of the diaphragm.
  • Antibacterial, antiseptic. Destroy infections in the mouth, throat, upper respiratory tract.
  • Mucolytics. Stimulate the degeneration of dry cough in the wet, increase the formation of sputum.
  • Expectorants. Activates the release of mucus from the body (prohibited with a dry cough).
  • Soothing. Helps with a sore throat.

One of the most common and effective ways, aimed not only at symptomatic treatment prolonged cough in adults and children, but also on the cause of it causing, is the application of antibiotics. They perfectly help to cope with such diseases as:

  • Pneumonia.
  • Chronic bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Whooping cough.

When treating a prolonged cough, it is worth remembering two golden rules:

  • Drugs and procedures should only be prescribed by a doctor.
  • Elimination of the symptom should always begin with the identification of its cause.

One should forget about self-medication. Therapeutic measures should be carried out by a specialist in a strictly individual order. They depend on the diagnosis of the patient and his physiological characteristics.

Dry cough in children without fever: causes and treatment

Dry cough in children without fever: causes and treatment

Dry is called a cough, not accompanied by the release of mucus or sputum. Usually, such a cough in children is very painful and violent. The tactics of treatment are determined by the causes of the pathology. Bacterial infection can be eliminated only by antibiotics, and treatment of the disease in the home is to rub the breasts and apply steam inhalations. Dry cough without temperature in children is much more difficult to cure than a common cold.

Causes of dry cough without fever in children

The causes of dry cough without temperature in children are very diverse: inflammation, allergy, smoking around, long exposure to dust. In some cases, the use of medication is meaningless, and with the development of bronchitis, pneumonia, pertussis, tracheitis and laryngitis, antibiotics are indispensable.

A cold caused by a viral infection is the most common cause of dry cough in children, usually without fever. The disease is also manifested by a sore throat or a mild irritation, which gradually becomes a cough. Gradually, the cough becomes wet, and a few days after the beginning of the treatment comes to naught.

Influenza virus can cause a dry cough in a child. Symptoms of the disease are similar to those of a cold, but the child at the same time feels much worse. The flu begins with a dry and hoarse cough that gradually turns into a damp and productive cough.

Environmental irritants can cause a dry cough in a child who goes without temperature. Especially highly sensitive to cigarette smoke, hot or dry air, strong smells of chemicals, small children.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs when gastric acid and stomach contents enter the esophagus. This is accompanied by burning, abundant salivation and even vomiting. The acid of the stomach irritates the throat and leads to the development of a dry cough in the child.

Dry children's cough - a symptom of whooping cough - a contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory system. The so-called "pertussis cough" is accompanied by a characteristic buzzing sound, lacrimation, the appearance of a bluish shade of saliva and a bulging tongue outward.

Treatment of dry cough in a child

Dry cough in children without temperature requires the use of a large amount of liquid to form sputum.

Use of medication for children under 2 years is not recommended. For older children, the drug is used to treat dry cough without a temperature "Robotussin which blocks cough reflexes, as well as a suspension of "Delsim relieving the child of anguish for 12 hours.

Home remedies for dry cough - steam inhalations with automatic moisturizing to open nasal passages and relieve irritation in the throat. The recipe for traditional medicine for dry cough: mix a spoonful of honey with the juice of one lemon and take it until it disappears. It should be given to the child as much as possible fluid to remove toxins from the child's body. Children over the age of five are allowed to suck lollipops and cough lozenges.

Prolonged dry cough


a drop

decoction of a root and a stalk of a raspberry to drink hot

Sergey Romanovich

Echinacea extract drink the course, sage in tablets with exacerbation and it would be nice to do inhalations. Yes, and if you smoke - everything will be useless.


try not to drink cold... do not overcool... the body does not always recover quickly... and with age in general all sores will trample)))) Hold on... and go to an ordinary therapist.. in paid very much like to cure for a long time and find everything... what to hook on and continue treatment... Healthy lifestyle to you


Bronchitis and pneumonia are not cured with antibiotics alone. It is necessary to connect massage and dry heating. Usually 5 days of such treatment is enough.

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