Diarrhea or, as people say, diarrhea is a condition of the body in which frequent bowel movements (more than three times a day) are observed, accompanied by a watery stool, painful urges in the abdomen, anal incontinence. Sometimes with diarrhea in the feces there is blood. The reasons for diarrhea with blood in an adult can be very much. Diarrhea itself is not a disease, but it can be a symptom of other serious illnesses.
- Causes of diarrhea with blood
- Treatment of the disease
- To which doctor to apply
- Home Treatment
- Treatment with carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions
- Diarrhea with blood in pregnancy
- After antibiotics
- After drinking alcohol
- Features of the disease
- Green diarrhea with blood
- Diarrhea with blood and vomiting
- Diarrhea with blood and mucus
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Important!If purulent formations, blood, mucus, or other discharge are observed during a bowel movement, then it is not recommended to engage in treatment alone.
Causes of diarrhea with blood
Let's take a closer look at why this phenomenon can occur.
If there is scarlet blood on the surface of the stool, then probably there are small wounds or hemorrhoids on the anus. Because the damage is not located in the deep sections of the intestine, but on the surface of the anus, the blood will not have time to fold, and will be scarlet.
In this case, with diarrhea, a person experiences unpleasant sensations during bowel movement, tingling. Hemorrhoids or other damage to the anus is not the result of diarrhea, but is caused by other causes.
- The dark color of the blood indicates the presence of more serious diseases, for example, liver cirrhosis or oncological diseases of the digestive tract. Internal bleeding can be the result of damage to the esophagus, stomach, intestine or duodenum.
- Rectal bleeding can cause ulcers in the digestive tract. Dangerous is that when the infection gets into the mucous membrane, an inflammatory process can begin.
- Blood formations in stool can occur during Crohn's disease, dysbacteriosis and ulcerative colitis.
- One of the causes of rectal bleeding is diverticulitis, an inflammatory bowel disease. However, diarrhea with this kind of disease mostly appears at the age of 40-50 years.
- Also, the formation of blood in the stool can serve as dysentery, escherichiosis, acute gastroenteritis and other intestinal diseases, which are usually accompanied by fever.
Treatment of the disease
When treating diarrhea with blood, the main task is not just to stop the feces, but also to eliminate the source of diarrhea.
How to treat diarrhea with blood? No doctor will immediately answer this question, and will not prescribe the correct treatment without diagnosing, as the causes of diarrhea with blood, as mentioned above, are many, they are diverse and require their methods of treatment.
During the examination, the patient passes urine, feces, blood tests, passes the abdominal check by means of ultrasonic radiation, and examines the rectum.
If a patient is found ulcerative formations will be prescribed drugs and special nutrition, which helps cure sores. In the case of the presence of infectious diseases, the patient will be prescribed antibacterial drugs. If neoplasms are present, surgery may be required.
To which doctor to apply
In case of diarrhea with blood, you should consult a general practitioner, for example a therapist, or a family doctor who will assess the severity of the illness and examine the patient. Depending on the results of the tests, the therapist sends the patient to a gastroenterologist or infectious disease specialist.
The task of the gastroenterologist is the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases of the digestive system. If necessary, the gastroenterologist will help to make the right diet, to see how the chair depends on nutrition.
If the cause of diarrhea is an infection, then an infectious disease specialist will be consulted, who will perform appropriate treatment after additional tests.
It also happens that it's not possible to immediately seek medical help from a doctor. What to do in this situation?
To a person with no diarrhea being dehydrated, you need to drink plenty of fluids, preference should be given to non-carbonated mineral water or strong tea without sugar. During diarrhea, the use of sweet soda or alcohol should be avoided.
If diarrhea with blood is the result of poisoning by spoiled food, then you need to cleanse the stomach with sorbing substances (activated carbon, sorbex, atoxyl, etc.), which remove harmful substances and toxins from the body.
Also, you can get rid of diarrhea with blood, resorting to the help of folk remedies. A good effect brings the decoction from the bugle. To do this, put the roots of this plant in a liter jar, pour over with boiling water and let the agent to infuse for about half an hour, after which drink the broth as much as you can, and refill with water. The used rhizomes of the bug may be brewed several times.
Also, with diarrhea with blood secretions, the young wormwood helps a lot. Wash the branch of a fresh plant, chew, sip the juice, and spit the grass. Such a tool brings a significant effect.
Treatment with carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions
Since with diarrhea in the body is dehydration, you should make up for lack of fluid and electrolytes. To do this, it is recommended to use carbohydrate-electrolyte solutions, which can be purchased at the pharmacy, or you can prepare yourself. To prepare such a medicinal product it will be necessary:
- 1 liter of boiled warm water;
- 1 tbsp. l. salts;
- 4 tbsp. l. Sahara.
You need to drink at least 1 liter per day of such a solution.
Important!With prolonged diarrhea with bloody discharge, if folk remedies and self-help did not help, you should contact the clinic.
Diarrhea with blood in pregnancy
At the beginning of pregnancy, diarrhea is the result of hormonal changes in the body of a woman, so you should not worry about this. No threat does not create diarrhea and in the last stage of pregnancy, because before delivery there is a cleansing of the body.
However, the presence of blood in fecal secretions should alert the woman. Intoxication in a woman can harm the embryo. Along with this, with prolonged diarrhea, the body undergoes severe dehydration, resulting in a deficiency of nutrients in the body. It is not uncommon for cases when dehydration leads to miscarriage or to the formation of vices in a future child. Therefore, with prolonged diarrhea, immediate specialist consultation is necessary.
When you use antibacterial drugs (antibiotics) in the human body, both harmful and beneficial microorganisms are destroyed. As a result, the microflora of the intestine can be disrupted, leading to diarrhea, which can develop in different forms of severity.
After using antibiotics in the body, the bacteria Clostridium diffifile intensively multiply, which are not susceptible to antibiotics, which leads to inflammation in the intestine. At the same time in stool feces there are bloody discharge, diarrhea can be accompanied by weakness, vomiting, and temperature.
Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the use of antibacterial drugs, since many diseases are treated without their use.
After drinking alcohol
As you know, an important component of any alcoholic beverage is ethanol. By its nature, the human body is not adapted to the use of ethyl alcohol. Therefore, often the first use of alcohol ends with vomiting or diarrhea. And only over time, the human body partially adapts to ethyl alcohol. However, this does not protect the body from harmful effects.
Ethyl alcohol - a kind of antiseptic, which, getting into the human body, destroys not only harmful, but also benign microorganisms, while violating the microflora of the intestine, which can lead to diarrhea or vomiting.
After drinking beer, diarrhea can occur, as it contains a large amount of flavors, dyes, concentrates and other chemical additives that help extend the shelf life of beer. Of course, there is a beer that does not contain such chemical compounds, but it costs more and has a shorter shelf life.
Frequent use of alcohol leads to damage to the blood capillaries. Because of this, vomiting and diarrhea with blood can begin.
Attention!Frequent use of alcohol can lead to a disease such as alcoholic gastritis, which in turn leads to stomach ulcers and liver cirrhosis when untimely treatment occurs.
To get rid of diarrhea after drinking alcohol, include in your diet boiled eggs, strong tea without sugar, rice porridge. If the diarrhea does not go away within two days, then you need to see a doctor.
Features of the disease
The change in color of stool with diarrhea occurs for various reasons. Some of them are absolutely natural and do not do any harm to a person.
Green diarrhea with blood
A green shade of feces may appear as a result of eating foods with the addition of dyes. This color may appear after consuming a large amount of greenery.
However, green color for diarrhea also sometimes indicates the presence of more serious ailments, especially with bloody discharge. This may indicate the presence of dysentery and other infectious diseases.
Elevated hemoglobin or impaired metabolism can also cause the presence of this color in diarrhea, which can be accompanied by nausea and a feeling of weakness in the body.
Diarrhea with blood and vomiting
Diarrhea with blood and vomiting is not always the cause of diseases of the digestive and intestinal tract. Such diarrhea often occurs as a result of food poisoning.
If the body temperature exceeds 38C, then, probably, the cause is in an infectious disease. Here is a list of infections that are accompanied by diarrhea:
- rotavirus infection;
- enterovirus infection;
- adenovirus infection.
Diarrhea lasts no more than 3-4 days, then the condition stabilizes, but if the human immunity is weakened, then stool disorders can last more than a week. In this case, the doctor's help is required, since there is a strong dehydration of the body.
Important!If diarrhea with vomiting is accompanied by a runny nose and a cough, then the cause is in a viral disease.
Diarrhea with blood and mucus
The cause of diarrhea with blood and mucus may be tumors in the intestines, tuberculosis, syphilis, ulcerative colitis and other diseases.
With such a manifestation of diarrhea, you should immediately go to the hospital and undergo an examination. The presence of mucous secretions may indicate damage to the intestinal membrane and requires hospitalization.
To prevent complications, it is necessary to suspend the consumption of sweet, fatty and spicy food. When poisoning with spoiled products, the first day is recommended to eat nothing until the stool becomes normal.
Important!Slime in fecal formations can also indicate the presence of benign formations in the human intestine.
In conclusion, I would like to note that the presence of blood in stool can lead to serious diseases of the digestive and intestinal tract. Therefore, do not long to self-medicate, and go to the hospital to go through the examination and identify the source of the disease.