Diseases and negative symptoms, from which anaprilin helps

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  • Anaprilin with arrhythmia
  • Anaprilin with hypertension
  • Treatment of ischemia and other heart diseases
  • Treatment of endocrine disorders
  • Anaprilin in ocular diseases
  • Usage in obstetrics
  • Side effects and contraindications

From this article you will learn: how anaprilin works in various diseases, from which diseases and symptoms it helps to get rid of.

Inderal helps with the following diseases:

arrhythmic

Tachycardia, extrasystoles, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter

Hypertensive Essential hypertension, renal hypertension
Ischemic Ischemic heart disease, angina, myocardial infarction
Other heart disease Mitral valve prolapse
Endocrine thyrotoxicosis,thyrotoxic crisis( thyroid pathology)
Ophthalmic Open angle glaucoma
Obstetric Withabost labor

Inderal - a non-selective beta-blocker, beta1- antagonist and beta2-adrenergic receptors.

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The drug is available in the form of tablets, injections, eye drops. Since the use of tablets is most convenient, most often prescribed tablets. Due to the effect on various types of human receptors, anaprilin is used to relieve the symptoms of diseases of a different nature.

Before taking anaprilin, consult a cardiologist. When hormonal diseases also consult a treating endocrinologist, eye - an ophthalmologist.

At the reception of a cardiologist

Anaprilin with arrhythmia

These tablets are prescribed for such heart rate disorders:

disease Characteristic
Tachycardia Heart contracts faster than 90 times per minute
Extrasystole
atrial fibrillation in an even rhythm
Atrial fibrillation The atria are chaotically contracted at a fast rate( 200-400 beats per minute)
Atrial flutter The atria contract rhythmically, but very quickly( 200-400 beats per minute)

Anaprilin can slow heart rate and normalize the rhythm by blocking β1-adrenoceptors that are located directly in the heart.

Anaprilin in hypertensive diseases

What hypertensive illnesses treats anapriline:

Name Characteristics of pathology
Essential hypertension( hypertension, hypertension) Because of spasm of small vessels for various reasons( endocrine, nerve disorders, etc.)persistent increase in blood pressure. It can increase both systolic( upper) and diastolic( lower) pressure, often both at the same time.
Renal hypertension Arterial blood pressure rises on the background of renal pathology. The diastolic( lower) is increased more than the systolic one.

Due to the ability to block adrenergic receptors, tablets anaprilin are able to lower the pressure in essential and renal hypertension.

The action of the drug with essential hypertension is based on the blocking of β1-adrenergic receptors, which are located in the heart( due to this the drug helps to eliminate the arrhythmia that has arisen against the background of hypertension) and the walls of the vessels( thereby eliminating their spasm).

Receptors of this type are found in the kidneys. They are part of the endocrine system of the kidneys, which synthesizes renin - a substance that affects the production of other hormones that increase blood pressure. Blocking of β1-adrenergic receptors, which are in the kidneys, can reduce the synthesis of renin and thus lower arterial pressure.

Treatment of ischemic diseases and other heart diseases

Anaprilin is prescribed for ischemic heart disease( CHD), myocardial infarction, mitral valve prolapse. With the help of this medication you can effectively remove their symptoms.

Blocking of β1-adrenergic receptors leads to a decrease in the heart's need for oxygen, as well as to vasodilation, which helps with coronary heart disease, when blood flow in the coronary arteries supplying oxygen to the myocardium is disrupted. Thus, taking anaprilin, you can get rid of the main symptoms of coronary heart disease: tachycardia and other types of arrhythmia, chest discomfort, dyspnea.

Due to lower pressure and vasodilatation, the risk of necrosis of the site of myocardial tissue is reduced. Therefore, the tablets are prescribed after a heart attack to prevent its recurrence. They are also used to eliminate arrhythmia, which appears due to a heart attack.

These tablets also help to remove the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse. This disease, in which the walls of the valve located between the left ventricle and the atrium, bend at the side of the auricle, and part of the blood from the ventricle, when it is contracted, gets back into the atrium.

Mitral valve prolapse

If the volume of blood flowing back to the atrium is small, the doctor may not prescribe the operation, but recommend symptomatic treatment and avoidance of physical exertion. Symptomatic therapy consists in taking beta-blockers, which include anaprilin. It helps to remove signs of the disease, such as arrhythmia and shortness of breath.

Treatment of endocrine disorders

Anaprilin is often prescribed for hyperthyroidism. With this disease, the body produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones, which causes such symptoms:

  • anxiety and irritability;
  • muscle weakness;
  • increased appetite, constipation and diarrhea, abdominal pain;
  • thinning hair;
  • arrhythmias( tachycardia, atrial fibrillation or flutter);
  • increased systolic pressure;
  • menstrual irregularities in women;
  • decreased potency and increased breast cancer in men.

Of course, in thyroid disorders, drugs are prescribed for targeted treatment that suppresses its function. But for the removal of especially disturbing signs of the disease, symptomatic treatment is used: for example, to eliminate heart rhythm disturbances and reduce pressure, the doctor can prescribe anaprilin or other beta-blockers.

Anaprilin for eye diseases

Due to its vasodilating property and the ability to lower pressure, anaprilin is used to treat open-angle glaucoma. It also reduces the production of intraocular fluid, which accumulates in the eyes of glaucoma. For the best local effect in this disease prescribe anaprilin in the form of eye drops.

Application in Obstetrics

In this field of medicine, anaprilin is used in case of impaired labor. In the smooth muscles of the uterus, there are β2-adrenergic receptors. With their activation, the smooth muscle tissue of this organ relaxes, and when blocked, vice versa. Therefore, by blocking β2-adrenergic receptors with anaprilin, a more active contraction of the uterus can be achieved, which helps with childbirth.

Side effects and contraindications

Type of receptor Side effect associated with its blocking
β1-adrenoreceptors Bradycardia( delayed heartbeat), fatigue, dizziness, decreased attention
β2-adrenoreceptors Bronchial spasm, decreased insulin secretion, hyperglycemia, increased uterine tone
  • Due to the fact that the blocking of β1-adrenergic receptors leads to a slowing of the heart rate and lowering of arterial pressure, anaprilin is contraindicated in prescribing for people with bradycardia and hypotension to treat other diseases.
  • Since the active ingredient anaprilina is able to dissolve in fats, it penetrates into the brain, which can lead to interruptions in the CNS.It can be dizziness, fatigue, reduced reaction speed and absent-mindedness. If the tablets cause pronounced side effects on the part of the central nervous system, the doctor may decide to abolish and prescribe adrenoblockers that are not soluble in fats( tenormin, sectral).
  • The effect on β2-adrenergic receptors located in the bronchi causes their spasm. Therefore, tablets are not prescribed for asthmatics and people with obstructive bronchitis. They can be replaced by selective beta-blockers, which affect only β1-adrenergic receptors located in the heart( metoprolol, cordanum, sectral).
    If anaprilin is needed for the treatment of glaucoma, it can be prescribed in the form of eye drops. After they are instilled, the doctor will advise you to pinch the inner corner of the eye with your finger for several minutes to prevent the drug from entering the nasolacrimal canal and sucking it into the blood. However, there is still a risk of bronchospasm, which must be taken into account.
  • Blocking of β2-adrenergic receptors results in a decrease in the amount of insulin produced, which increases the level of glucose in the blood. Therefore, tablets are not prescribed for people with diabetes. Also, blood sugar levels are monitored during therapy with nonselective beta-blockers and in other patients.
  • These tablets are contraindicated in pregnancy. Their reception leads to an increase in the tone of the uterus, which can provoke miscarriage or premature birth. The active substance anaprilina able to penetrate into the fetus, because of which it slows down the heartbeat and reduces the pressure, which can adversely affect its further development.