Viral infections often lie in wait for us in the cold season. Weakened by autumn slush, stresses after summer rest, our body is quite easy prey for the disease.
A sharp increase in body temperature, headache, runny nose, cough indicate that we have caught a sharp respiratory viral infection (ARVI). And if the temperature jumps to 39-40 degrees, the body breaks, as if it is being twisted, shaking in a chill, and the eyes hurt even from dim light-these are signs of the flu.
- Treatment of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza in adults
- How to quickly cure ARVI and influenza in the home
- Treatment of influenza and ARVI in children
- Homeopathy treatment
- Folk remedies
- Prevention of disease
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Treatment of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza in adults
When treating influenza and ARVI in adults at home, it is necessary to observe several important rules, which we will discuss. This will help to quickly recover and not delay treatment.
To quickly cure the flu is recommended to take medicine. Antiviral drugs effectively kill viral influenza and promote recovery. These include:
- Lavomax and others.
How to quickly cure ARVI and influenza in the home
Adhere to bed rest
As a rule, people treat the flu and ARI is not serious enough, often suffer the disease on their feet. But there is a danger of delaying the disease and the appearance of complications. Therefore, at the first sign of the disease, especially at high temperature, you need to go to bed. This applies to SARS. With the flu, usually the question is solved automatically: the state is so heavy that it is difficult to just sit or stand, not only to do some work.
Bed rest is desirable at least 3 days, at the most acute moment of the course of the disease. But even after recovering, it's important not to overwork so as not to get complications.
Important:do not rush to work, if you do not feel completely recovered. Influenza is dangerous for its consequences. An exhausted organism can not really resist other infections that can be trapped by us.
Call the doctor at home
When you call a doctor, you do not have to wait in line at the clinic, supplementing the already available bouquet of viruses with new "flowers" from the people sitting next to them and tormented by headache and muscle pain. But the doctor must examine you. First, he must diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment. Secondly, the doctor will write out a sick leave sheet, which is simply necessary for the fulfillment of point 1.
Important:if you had to go to the reception in the clinic, then do not forget to put on the mask. By this you will protect yourself from unwanted "gifts" of sneezing and coughing by a number of people and others will guard against infection.
Do not knock down heat by drugs
If the temperature rises, then the body is fighting against viruses, immune defense is turned on. Applying medicines to lower the temperature, you weaken your own immune system, preventing the body from destroying viruses. Still these drugs can affect the stomach, liver, kidneys, heart, creating new problems.
If you carry the heat well enough, wait until it falls by itself. To reduce it is necessary only when it in adults has jumped up to 39 ° and above, or when the heat is associated with convulsions, fainting. Children and the elderly can be knocked down when it is above 38 °. But even in this case, you can do with home remedies.
Effective antipyretic agents are honey, tea with lemon, raspberry, decoction of linden flowers. You can wipe the body with water and vinegar or put on your forehead, on your hands in the region of the pulse folded several times gauze, soaked in water at room temperature. The heated rag can be moistened and applied again. You can use the leaves of cabbage, applying them to the forehead, wrists, feet.
Medicinal plants that will help in the fight against high fever:
- leaves and berries of raspberries;
- Linden blossom;
- berries of the viburnum;
Important:Do not use aspirin as an antipyretic. It can cause internal bleeding. The doctor will appoint the necessary funds.
Effective treatment of influenza with antibiotics is impossible. Viruses do not fear them. But antibiotics successfully destroy the living bacteria in the body. Dysbacteriosis leads to unpleasant consequences, like diarrhea, thrush, etc. As a result, the body is weakened even more, losing the ability to cope with the disease itself.
Antibiotics should appoint a doctor if there is a danger of complications in the form of otitis, sinusitis, pneumonia and others caused by bacteria.
Important:homeopathic and immunomodulating agents can be used to alleviate the course of the disease, but the doctor must appoint them taking into account all the characteristics of the organism.
Drink plenty of fluids
The main cause of influenza and acute respiratory viral infection is the intoxication of the organism with substances released by viruses. Toxins need to be displayed. Therefore, when treating at home, you need a generous drink, at least two liters of liquid per day.
This is very important, because because of the high temperature in front of the body there is a danger of dehydration. You can drink tea, fruit juice from cranberries, black currant, cranberries, unsweetened compotes. It helps to restore the liquid and salt balance of mineral water without gas.
Important:you can not drink sweet fizzy drinks! It loads the stomach and liver.
Follow the diet!
It's no secret that during an illness appetite disappears. The body spends all its efforts to win over the infection, and not to digest food. At a high temperature, even advise to starve for one or two days.
Even if the appetite is back, this does not mean that you have to attack any food. A diet is needed that will help to speed up recovery. Food should be easily assimilated, not heavy. Avoid fatty, spicy dishes. Eat more dairy products, vegetables and fruits. Calcium, contained in milk, vitamins and trace elements will strengthen the body's resistance to infection, increase its immunity. Various porridges are rich in useful substances. And of course, chicken broth. While doctors argue about his benefits to the body, he continues to help us cope with illnesses.
Before full recovery it is desirable to limit sweet dishes.
Important:It is unacceptable to waste the strength of the body to fight alcohol.
Breathe in fresh air
Observance of bed rest does not mean that you must close tightly. Often ventilate the room to reduce the number of viruses in the air. The hot and stuffy atmosphere of a non-ventilated room is fertile soil for the development of infection.
To facilitate breathing and reduce coughing and choking in the throat, use an air humidifier. If it's not there, you can just put a bowl of water next to the bed. If you add a couple more drops of essential oil (sage, lavender, eucalyptus, etc.) to the water, you will receive at the same time a means of fighting viruses. Daily wet cleaning also contributes to clean air.
For treatment of influenza and ARVI, onions and garlic are useful in inhalations. Our grandmothers knowingly advise during the flu epidemic there is more onions and garlic. Probably many people remember how they were sent to a kindergarten or school with a garlic "medallion" around their neck. The phytoncides released by these plants are fatal to the causative agents of respiratory infections.
But there are a lot of these healthy vegetables are not all capable, especially with a sick stomach. Therefore, you can breathe a couple of garlic and onions, simply chopping them and putting a plate with them next to the bed.
Important:Ventilate the room, avoid drafts and hypothermia. If you are already able to go out for a walk, try to dress so as not to freeze and sweat.
Carry out treatment folk remedies
During the disease, you can use various folk remedies, for example, decoctions of various medicinal herbs. Plants such as rose hips, raspberries, cranberries, cowberries, currants, linden, sage, chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort, not only help to lower the temperature, but also supply vitamins and microelements necessary for the body. To combat a runny nose and cough, you can breathe the steam of hot broths. Such procedures can be performed in the treatment of influenza in children.
Important:drink decoctions and infusions of herbs you need warm, but not hot! A hot liquid irritates the throat, this pain only increases.
To treat influenza in pregnant women, due to many contraindications, it is recommended to eat more citrus fruits or sing their juices. It is desirable to dilute the juice halfway with water. Especially useful is the lemon, which is rich in vitamin C and kills germs. If you can, just eat lemon. And if you are not capable of such a feat, then drink tea with lemon, sweetening it with a spoonful of honey. Oranges are best used in the form of juice.
One of the simplest means for treating ARVI and the flu is salt water. Dissolving 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 glass of warm water, we obtain a universal solution. They can gargle with a cough, you can wash your nose with a cold. For greater efficiency, you can add a couple of drops of iodine to the solution. If you wipe the body with a cloth dipped in salt water, you can lower body temperature.
Treatment of influenza and ARVI in children
At the heart of the treatment lies the observance of bed rest and diet. It is necessary to give the baby a rest, drink more tea with raspberries, lemon, still water at room temperature, diluted juices. Do not force the child to eat, offer light food: fruits, cereals, vegetables, milk. Try to explain to the child that you need to eat a couple of cloves of garlic daily, this will help strengthen the immune system and get rid of parasites, bacteria.
Traditional medicine offers a wide range of medicines:
- Interferon - drops in the nose, apply for 3 days, every 3 hours for 2 drops;
- Grippferon - drops in the nose, use within 5 days. Dosage depends on age: children 1-3 years - 2 drops 3 times a day, 3-14 years - 2 drops 4 times a day;
- Imudon - sucking tablets, 1 tablet 6 times a day;
- Arbidol - tablets, children 1-6 years - 1 ton per day, 6-12 years - 2 times a day; over 12 years - 4 times a day.
Homeopathy for treatment offers the following drugs:
- Aflubin - up to 1 year - 1 drop up to 8 times a day, 1-12 years - 4 drops not more than 8 times a day, over 12 years - 9 drops maximum 8 times a day;
- Anaferon - start taking every 30 minutes 4 times, then for the rest of the time take 3 more pills, from the second day take 1 tablet 3 times a day.
It is recommended to take vitamin C: ascorbic acid.
Make foot baths. The temperature should not exceed 37 degrees, but should not be less than 35 degrees. Water should cover the shin. Keep feet 10 minutes, periodically adding warm water, bringing to the desired temperature. After the procedure, wipe your feet and put on warm socks.
If the child does not have allergies to herbs, you can use the collection:
- mix oregano, birch buds, rose hips, cumin and eucalyptus fruits in the ratio of 3: 2: 4: 1: 3;
- 1 hour l. mixture pour 200 ml of boiling water to insist half an hour. Strain and drink like tea.
Prevention of disease
Do not forget about the prevention of influenza. This is primarily hardening and compliance with personal hygiene.
- Do not forget to wash your hands every time after the street.
- During the epidemic, try to visit less crowded places less, use public transport less. If you have a couple of stops before work, try to walk this distance. And avoid crashes, and get a healthy walk.
- If the epidemic has begun, use masks to avoid infection. Do not be shy, it's a normal way to stay healthy.
- When the house is sick with the flu, try to isolate it. Select him a separate dish, which will have to be scalded with boiling water after washing.
- Use disposable handkerchiefs.
If you are offered to get a flu shot, do not refuse. Even if you get sick, the course of the disease will be easier than without vaccination.
Do not forget that viral infections are serious. Take care of yourself and your loved ones!