The human body and its health are laid at conception in the womb of the mother. The quality of the fusion of the sex cells of parents, the condition in which the man and woman are in the conception period, hereditary characteristics determine the fetal development of the future person and how the birth process will pass. After the birth of a child, the quality of nutrition, upbringing, and the environment in which it will grow will affect it.
In any period of a person's life, contact with alcohol adversely affects the body. Chronic alcoholics always have a sick offspring, which inherits cravings for alcohol-containing beverages and liquids. Hippocrates argued that drinking is the cause of soreness and weakness in children. Even in the distant past, observant people saw the connection of alcohol with the poisoning of the organism and the negative impact on the psychological and physical health of offspring.
Many studies have shown that family alcoholism has a harmful effect on children. Alcohol abuse is a family illness. Especially when they suffer from a woman who is both a mother and wife in the family. A healthy woman drinking woman will not be able to give birth. In the period from 1967 to 1971,examined 3,300 women who were treated at drug treatment clinics for chronic alcoholism for somatic pathology. In 795 of the patients, a premature menopause occurred, in 545 menstrual cycle was broken, 441 cardiovascular diseases were detected, 319 - suffered from gastrointestinal diseases, 328 - liver diseases, 392 - diseases of the genitourinary system.
That is, 2,813 women out of three thousand three hundred had health and disease disorders. Of course, these women can not reproduce a full-fledged offspring. Of the total number of those surveyed, 57% started drinking at the age of 20, and 45% of them became dependent on alcohol by their spinning relatives.
What are the children born to alcoholics?
Twice more often than in sober people, alcoholics are born premature and stillborn children. Mortality of children at an early age, with alcoholism of parents, is three times higher.18 women with alcoholism were examined. Of the total 98 pregnancy attempts, all of them, taken together, 5 completed with miscarriages, and 51 pregnancies were interrupted by abortions. Born from alcoholics children, from an early age are excitable and restless. They have serious violations of the central nervous system of an organic nature. Almost 7% of alcoholic children suffer from convulsive seizures. In general, 10% of cases of epilepsy occur in children whose parents are alcoholic.
In school, the children of alcoholics are restless, fatigued, not disciplined. Children have frequent headaches, sleep disorders, night terrors and nightmares and snows. Children are timid, unstable emotionally and have a depressed mood. In physical terms, children are characterized by pallor and poor development of skeletal muscles. Children of alcoholics are often noted for dementia - oligophrenia in the degree of pronounced debility.
Children from families of alcoholics often wander and adopt bad habits from dysfunctional adults.
Psychological Aspects of Family Alcoholism
Alcoholism affects not only the person who drinks, but also his family, and especially children. The world of alcoholics is closed, and children can not fully and properly develop. In an unfavorable atmosphere, the child's psyche can not acquire stability and stability. Constant antisocial examples lead to inculcation in children of antisocial habits and life stereotypes. Some children are ashamed of their parents and try not to repeat their sad experience, but it is very difficult. Drunk quarrels, fights and violence against children are very frequent in families of alcoholics.
The authority for the child is of great importance, and no matter how parents conduct themselves, the child will or will, but copies the behavioral stereotypes of adults. In adolescence, children are already consciously mimicking the alcoholic behavior of disadvantaged parents. This with the child remains for life and is the determining factor in the formation of the life path.
Types of behavior in children of alcoholics
Psychologists made several types of behavior of children from alcoholic families:
- "The nature of the hero."Parents and children, as it were, change places. The child is the owner of the house and performs household duties. It equips everyday life, tries to take care of parents.
- "Extreme".A child in a family becomes a scapegoat. On him all the time, rages and anger on the part of parents.
- "Mind mentally in the clouds."The child lives in a world of dreams and fantasies because of the unattractiveness of real life. He can not determine his place in the family and in the world. And does not seek to self-determination.
- "I can do anything."Parents spoil the child and allow him too much. The child does not know how and does not want to behave adequately in society and with individuals.
Children of alcoholics are prone to loneliness and addiction. According to research - 56% of boys and 60% of girls from alcoholic families refrained from using narcotic drugs. Children of alcoholics are less likely to marry, compared to their peers from non-drinking families, due to less adaptation to social relations and too idealization of marital relations.
Adult children of alcoholics carry complexes of inferiority, uneasiness, and low self-esteem from childhood that has not developed. All this prevents them in life. An appeal to a psychologist, psychotherapist, spiritual mentor for help can greatly help in solving life problems.