Burn-skin damage due to thermal, chemical, electrical impact. Damage to the epidermis and deeper layers of the skin is accompanied by the formation of blisters( one or several), depending on the degree of burn.
Blistering of the skin( blister) is noted with second-degree burns( immediately or after a while), inside them is plasma. It is not recommended to open them, because after their mechanical removal, the healing process deteriorates as a result of infection on the wound surface.
- Causes of Burns
- General Recommendations
- How to treat folk remedies?
- What is not recommended?
- Prevention measures
Causes of burns
Kind of burn depends on the cause:
- thermal - exposure to heat( boiling water, oil, hot steam, open fire, hot objects);
- chemical - after contact with skin or mucous membranes of concentrated chemicals( alkalis, acids, alkali metal salts);
- electric - as a result of interaction with sources of electricity, are located in the places of entry and exit of electric charge;
- radiation - solar( after prolonged exposure to direct sunlight) and radiation-induced radioactive substances.
The 1st degree burn is accompanied by redness and a slight edema on the skin. Pain, swelling and redness disappear after 3 to 4 days, after recovery, there are no traces left on the skin.
The second degree burn is characterized by the formation of small blisters filled with a grayish liquid at the site of the lesion. Do not attempt to remove bubbles. Healing of burns occurs in half a month.
For burns of III( A) degree , dark scabs and large blisters filled with liquid are visible on the damaged surface. Possible self-healing in a few weeks, subject to aseptic compliance.
Burns III( B) degree are distinguished by the defeat of deep layers and self-restoration of the skin becomes impossible.
For burns of the IV degree , carbonization of tissues occurs, their death.
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First of all, it is necessary to stop the influence of the traumatic factor( remove hot object, wash off chemical on skin, transfer it to the shadow of the victim after sunburn, etc.).
If necessary, it is necessary to carry out resuscitation measures( indirect cardiac massage, artificial respiration), cover the affected areas with sterile bandages.
Treatment of burns with the formation of blisters is directed to:
- prevention of infection;
- skin repair after burn;
- preventing blistering;
- protects the burst from the infection.
As a result of infection in the blister, pus can form, which complicates regeneration. If blistering has occurred and they do not heal for a long time, you need to seek medical help. In other cases, you can carry out treatment at home.
How to treat folk remedies?
To reduce the painful sensation of burns, with the proper first aid. After getting a burn, you need to take action quickly, as delay causes serious disturbances in the skin.
Severe burns are difficult to treat at home. When a large area of the body and burns of III-IV degree are affected, in-patient treatment is required. Burns I - II degree can be treated at home, applying methods of traditional medicine.
Home remedies help with pain:
- baking soda;
- goose fat;
- sea buckthorn oil;
- potassium permanganate;
- creams that reduce pain and speed up healing( Rescuer, Olazole, Levomikol).
Compresses made from grated raw vegetables( carrots, potatoes) are successfully applied. The vitamins A, E contained in them accelerate the healing. Shredded vegetables are applied to the bandage and applied to the affected area.
Folk remedies for blister burns:
|Components||Dosage||How to use|
|Aloe leaf||1||Thoroughly rinse, cut into 2 parts, put the pulp to the blister for half an hour.|
|Pumpkin||50g||Pumpkin pulp crushed in a blender is applied to the affected area.|
|Seasoning marigold Vaseline||1: 2||Freshly prepared calendula decoction is mixed with Vaseline, apply the resulting mixture to blisters daily 5 times.|
|Egg Yolk||3 pcs.||Boil hard-boiled eggs, take out the yolk, thread it on a metal knitting needle and hold it over an open flame. Collect the oil that will be released when the yolk is heated. Lubricate the affected areas with the oil obtained.|
|Beeswax Vegetable oil Propolis|| 100 g |
200 g30 g
|Warm up the oil until smoke forms, add wax with propolis, stirring constantly. After cooling, apply the burn on the place, top with a bandage.|
| Onion |
| 5 pcs. |
|Preheat oil in a frying pan until smoke appears, put finely chopped onion and fry it until brown. After cooling, strain, obtained by mass lubricate the blisters.|
| Fruit juice |
|1: 2||Add the juice of dill to the water, applying compresses on the blisters.|
| Vegetable oil |
| 1 tbsp.l. |
|Thoroughly beat components, apply on blister, close bandage. Change every day.|
If the blister is opened, it is necessary to treat the wound with an antiseptic solution( furacilin, hydrogen peroxide, manganese solution) and apply an anti-inflammatory agent( tea tree oil, iodine).After this, apply a sterile bandage.
What is not recommended?
You can not attempt to remove clothes from the person who received the burn yourself( this will be done by doctors in the hospital). It is strictly forbidden to pierce blisters ( may cause infection and complications).
specialists do not recommend the use of sunflower oil for the treatment of a burn - the resulting film does not allow air to penetrate to the damaged surface, the healing process slows down.
It is not recommended to apply urine for the treatment of burns. It contains toxic substances that are excreted from the body, they can cause inflammation of the surface affected by the burn.
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To prevent burns, you should:
- follow the recommendations for the use of household chemicals specified in the instructions;
- store household chemicals separately from food, beverages;
- substances presenting a hazard should be stored in a tightly accessible place in closed containers with inscriptions;
- use glasses and gloves when handling chemicals;
- during tanning, be careful not to be in the sun for a long time, use sunscreen;
- use caution when contacting hot objects and substances.
Timely correct treatment with folk remedies accelerates healing and protects the skin from formation at the site of scar injuries.