Myoma - a benign neoplasm in the uterus or cervix, which is a fairly common gynecological pathology. Because of its peculiarities in this disease, it is rare to have specific symptoms, according to which it is possible to accurately determine the presence of fibroids. It is worth to know what are the approximate signs of uterine fibroids, how to recognize this disease in the initial stages, until it turned into a large tumor.
- How to recognize with menopause?
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Despite the fact that it is a tumor, it is quite safe for the female body as a whole. Myoma tissues rarely degenerate into malignant, the risk of developing any other complications is minimal. However, it is worth noting that it is important to diagnose the disease in time and start treatment or monitor the dynamics of changes for a number of reasons, especially if the child is planned to be born in the future.
Previously, it was believed that the disease is a problem of older women, but recently experts say that myoma is also common in young women and girls. This phenomenon is quite difficult to explain, perhaps, the statistics are affected by the improvement of diagnostic capabilities.
It is difficult to pinpoint the precise causes of the onset of this disease, doctors - gynecologists can not name factors that directly affect the development of the tumor. Usually this is due to various hormonal disorders, systemic and endocrine diseases. On the emergence of pathology can affect even the wrong diet and unhealthy lifestyle.
Sometimes the development of myoma is accompanied by the appearance of other pathologies of the reproductive system. Along with this pathology, endometriosis is quite often met - a disruption in the development of endometrial tissue, which lining the uterus from the inside. With several diseases, it is extremely important to treat everyone, because they can influence the development of each other.
The main problem in the diagnosis of this disease is the non-obviousness of the symptoms, often they are not sufficiently expressed so that you can accurately talk about the presence of any pathology. Symptomatic fibroids can easily be attributed to changes during the menstrual cycle, fatigue, side effects from taking different medications. Therefore, it is usually advised to periodically undergo preventive examinations at the gynecologist so that it is possible to identify various pathologies in the early stages, before the development of a serious disease.
Important!To make an accurate diagnosis it is possible exclusively after the examination, which must necessarily include ultrasound and a number of other analyzes.
The main symptoms that arise when forming fibroids, can talk about many other pathologies of the reproductive system, so when they appear, you should be alerted and consult a doctor for a full diagnosis. In general, it is worth paying attention to the following features:
- Violations in the menstrual cycle. It can become longer or shorter without any apparent reason. Months can begin to last longer, especially an alarming symptom - their duration is longer than seven days. The volume of blood can also increase. Also, with myome and other gynecological pathologies, mucus bloody discharge may appear in the middle of the cycle.
- Frequent urination, frequent constipation. These symptoms are associated with the growth of the tumor, over time it begins to put pressure on the organs of the genitourinary system and the gastrointestinal tract.
- The occurrence of unexplained pain in the lower abdomen, in the lumbar region, which is not related to the onset of menstruation, diseases of the excretory system and the gastrointestinal tract.
- Increase the circumference of the abdomen. Sometimes the size of the myoma exceeds 10 - 15 centimeters in diameter, which affects the body volume. It happens that the neoplasm is confused with the onset of pregnancy for this reason.
- Infertility. With myomas it becomes harder to become pregnant, this sign will be noticed by women who want to conceive a child.
These are the main signs that indicate the development of this disease. When a tumor is detected, it is extremely important to make sure that it is not of a malignant nature, so a survey is mandatory.
When pregnancy is detected signs of development of fibroids is especially difficult, before conception, it is advised to undergo examination and make sure that there are no prerequisites for its occurrence during gestation. It is also worth noting that during pregnancy, the tumor begins to grow faster due to hormonal changes in the body.
Important!Myoma during pregnancy can cause miscarriage and other serious complications, which are dangerous for the health of the future child and mother.
How to recognize with menopause?
With climax, the symptomatology remains the same. It should be borne in mind that, normally during menopause, when menstruation ceases, the discharge of blood can be extremely alarming. If there are bleeding, you should immediately go to a doctor - a gynecologist. This sign can also talk about malignant neoplasm, it is important to make sure there is no cancer.
After finding out the symptoms that can talk about the development of fibroids, it is worth to turn to a gynecologist and undergo a checkup. It includes various studies and analyzes.
Always it is necessary to undergo ultrasound, it will show the presence of a neoplasm in the uterus, its size and approximate nature. Also, different assays may be required to help determine the composition of the tumor tissues. At this stage, it is important to understand whether the tumor is malignant.
After determining the nature of the tumor, you can begin treatment of the disease. In each individual case, uterine fibroids require their own approach to therapy, all depends on many factors: the possible causes of the occurrence of pathology, the presence of concomitant diseases of the reproductive system, the location and size of the tumor.
Therapy depends on the characteristics of the tumor as a whole and its size. Small fibroids usually try to cure in a conservative way, by using various medications, selecting the right diet. It is extremely important to constantly observe the doctor and monitor the changes in the condition. The following tools are usually used:
- oral contraceptives - hormonal agents, they are used at small sites;
- gestagens, these drugs help to reduce and provoke resorption of small neoplasms;
- FUS ablation, this method is quite new, its action is based on the properties of ultrasound.
If conservative methods do not help, for any reason they can not be used, the site sizes are too large, the myoma is surgically removed. Small nodes can be removed by laparoscopy, when several small holes are made, this operation is performed quickly and without complications.
With larger tumors, you can do otherwise. Most often, only the myoma is removed, but with the development of complications, a hysterectomy may be required - complete removal of the uterus. Everything depends on the individual characteristics of the course of the disease.