Our legs can be aching for many reasons, mainly - they are diseases of the lower extremities and / or a lot of physical stress on them. If any disease, disorder or disorder can be hidden from surrounding people, then aching pain in the legs instantly gives out its "owner", the person limps, it is difficult and painful for him to walk. He needs complex treatment, and even at all - in third-party assistance in the movement and self-service.
What are the causes and treatment of a painful condition in the lower extremities? Let's understand, for a precise diagnosis of the cause will indicate a direct path to the healing of a person and getting rid of lameness.
Reasons for aching and aching feet
I present to youa whole list of possible causative diseases, the main symptom of which is the problem we are considering annoying with its uncomfortable state:
The frequent causes of pain in the lower limbs - is broken of the vascular system .Blood from the vein does not flow out in full, stagnation of blood occurs, pressing on blood vessels. When the pressure irritates the nerve roots, there are painful sensations.
- Often the legs hurt in the ankle area, amplify with the slightest movement. This is a signal for the development of varicose veins.
- Aching in the legs is a common cause of vascular pathology in the legs. Pain in the leg has a pulsating, long-lasting character.
- Another cause of leg lesions is thrombophlebitis. The pain pulsates, often turn into a burning sensation of constant flow.
- Atherosclerosis of the vascular bed - the walls of the vessels become dense. The intensity of pain has a compressive nature. The area of the foot is cold in any weather.
Diseases of the area of the of the joints often accompanies a drawing pain in the legs.
Injuries to the of the lower limbs: bruises, fractures, dislocations.
Spine Disease .With deviations in the spine, pain is given in the leg, the person does not experience pain in the spine, which makes diagnosis and treatment more difficult. There is a pathological process of sciatic nerve inflammation. When the maximum development of the disease is achieved, the pain is strong, pulling, the place of the pain factor is the back surface of the foot.
Sciatic nerve inflammation is a secondary pathological process that forms on another inflammation process or tumor factor in the lumbar region. With such forms of pain occur inside the hip, on the front surface. When examined, the patient's local palpation is determined.
The patient, in the lying position, trying to bend his legs, feels noisy sensations. Consult a doctor to determine the type and cause of the inflammation. Do a laboratory diagnosis to determine the nature of the pathological disease.
Sore and aching feet when cutting weather change .With chronic and untreated forms, sensations become painful. When the legs hurt so much, the cartilage tissue is destroyed. Treatment and diagnosis is made by the doctor after examination in a hospital.
The following foot disease - osteoporosis .The density of bone tissue decreases, the hips and knee joints ache. The density of bone tissue decreases and the period of extinction of the hormonal function decreases.
Often the tissue density in the joint is reduced when smoking tobacco and forming nicotine dependence .
Joints also ache with diabetes mellitus .With this disease there is not only a pain factor, but also pronounced swelling, numbness, tingling. Skin becomes dry, begin to peel off. This symptom requires the initiation of treatment. Pain of paroxysmal nature. Patients undergo treatment in specialized hospitals.
When do I need first aid?
If there is a sharp aching tenderness, convulsions, call an ambulance. Often feet are shed due to the overlap of the large artery, when the artery does not function. To save the injured limb, emergency surgical care is needed.
Treatment begins with the consultation of a vascular surgeon. Doctors are examined, determined with methods of diagnosis and treatment.
Assign a semi-bed regimen using analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve the pain in the patient and ease his condition.
When the symptoms of the disease are alleviated, the therapeutic burden on the affected limb for a full recovery period and limb movement begins.
To treat the inflammatory process in the muscular and neural tissues, complex measures are required:
- use of medications;
- the appointment of mechanotherapy;
- exercise therapy;
- physiotherapy treatment;
- folk techniques.
Aching aching in the legs: what to do, how to treat at home
The most important thing is that you do not treat yourself with tablets or injections alone. When there is aching pain in the lower extremities, consult a physician-therapist, surgeon, vascular surgeon, traumatologist.
At first only a doctor can accurately find out the causative disease. Remember that treating the pain itself is unreasonable and dangerous. The cause is not yet known, and pain is a warning sign of trouble.
Therefore, the data given below is of a reference nature, let's say, for erudition. All treatment at home should be in accordance with the attending physician!
Drug therapy is used in general and in local methods.
Non-steroidal hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid preparations, chondroprotectors are prescribed.
Non-steroidal medications are prescribed for treatment in tablet form, in the form of ointments and injections. Nonsteroid substances relieve inflammatory reactions and aching sensations in the legs.
- Common ointment with non-steroidal origin - Finalal .Relieves pain, inflammation, reduces swelling of the tissues and redness.
- Widely used non-steroidal Diclofenac .
- Also assigned Ketoprofen .
These drugs help to get rid of painful pain, reduce the swelling inside the joint.
Steroid hormone drugs are prescribed only inward, for example, in the area of the affected joint. Foot pain is removed from the preparations of hydrocortisone, substances from the group of synthetic glucocorticoids - this is the assignment: Kenaloga ;use of the Ministry of Pediatrics for the removal of inflammation. The substance has anti-edema and anti-shocks.
Of drugs for pain relief in the limbs, good results are obtained by chondroprotectors, for example: the appointment of chondroitin sulfate ; of glucosamine ; Rumalona .
These medicinal substances are intended for ingestion under the supervision of doctors. Sets the duration of prima medications and dosage only by the doctor.
Use ointments containing Ibuprofen .It is a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory ointment.
It is possible to use combined use of drugs that have anesthetic effect and are prescribed for paravertebral blockade.
Combined procedures will not relieve inflammation in the limbs, but will help anesthetize the affected limbs. This will improve the patient's condition, help to increase movement in the legs. The absence of pain improves the mood of the patient and gives hope for recovery.
Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment
- the purpose of laser treatment;
- using wave therapy;
- mud treatment( paraffin or ozocerite);
- the appointment of electrotherapy;
- use of induction therapy;
- treatment by ultrasound, light therapy.
For full-fledged treatment of the limb, is used as a therapeutic massage for .Massage is applied and point, and segmental. Duration of massage - not less than half an hour of each kind, are conducted every other day.
is often used with cryotherapy - procedures using cold .It is conducted under the supervision of doctors, in a specialized cryocamera. It affects the cold, both on individual skin areas, and on the entire body, for a short period of time.
The method acts on the vessels( first there is a spasm of the vessels, and then a full expansion, which causes a pronounced reddening of the skin).
The procedure lasts no more than 3.5 hours. It enhances heat transfer, stimulates the functions of the skin and internal organs. Therapeutic procedures with cold stimulate the working capacity of the heart and blood vessels, improve the outflow of venous blood, and normalize metabolic processes. This has a positive therapeutic effect on inflammation and joint disorders.
In those cases when the therapeutic loads were without effect, is shown the operational path of .
Surgical intervention - a method in the treatment of vascular pathology, after the trauma. These can be ligament ruptures. The surgical intervention will restore the damaged ligaments and remove pathological tissue sites.
- General blood test;
- blood biochemistry;
- blood for sugar( exclude diabetes);
- determination of cholesterol level( find out how much the vessels are affected);
- sowing from the urethra for infection;
- holding an X-ray;
- to exclude malignant pathology;
- blood for revmoprobes;
- scanning of vessels on the legs;
- carrying out a puncture for tuberculosis of bones;
- Eliminate fatty foods in case of vascular problems;
- weight control;
- should not be walked or stood for long;
- treat chronic and acute pathologies in a timely manner under the supervision of a physician.
What to do so that the legs do not ache and not swell - Dr. Myasnikov
Doctor Myasnikov answers one of the questions of the viewer.
Question: I underwent a course of chemotherapy( Hodgkin's lymphoma stage 2), the last course was 1.5 years ago like all I do not get chemotherapy well, I am under observation. What worries me is that over the past year I have gained 10 kg in weight, my legs flow and my heart aches, my palpitations were weak, my blood pressure was 80 to 60,( before the disease, my blood pressure was 100 to 60).Tell me, please, what to do, so that your legs do not ache and do not swell. Oksana
Answer: Oksana, we need more data here. You have a tendency to low blood pressure, hypotension was before. Legs can swell for various reasons: from stagnation of lymph to heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver or kidney disease. I think that Hodgkin's lymphoma is already under control.
As an option - swelling of the legs and decreased pressure became even lower, it is possible that you have a problem with the veins and this causes the so-called orthostasis, when lying at you the pressure can be 160, and in the vertical position will decrease. This is a classic situation, typical for varicose veins, for the entire venous system on the legs, because all the blood goes there, as in the depot, so the legs swell and the pressure falls.
You see how many reasons can give a symptom of aching pain in the legs, of which there are very serious ones. Therefore, consult a doctor, do not self-medicate in unknown cases of leg disease.
Source: Valentin Semenov's article with