In earlier times turnip was the basis of the ration of the average peasant, providing him with the full set, necessary for the health of chemical compounds.
Over the years the situation has changed and the turnip has been forgotten, but in vain.
Turnip - the most valuable root, in terms of utility and nutritional value.
- How to choose and store
- Chemical composition
- Useful properties
- Contraindications for use
- Recipes at home
Turnip is an annual, sometimes biennial, plant of the cruciferous( or cabbage) family.
There are cultural variety( turnips) and fodder( turnips).
Root is used for food, which is a powerful and thick root of round, slightly elongated shape.
A stalk high with deep green leaves. Flowers in yellow flowers. A good honey plant.
The native land of the root crop is the Middle East. This is one of the oldest cultivated plants cultivated by man for sustenance( about 4000 years ago).
In all ancient civilizations turnip was the food of the lower strata, because of not the most refined taste qualities.
Only the ancient Romans appreciated its useful properties and included in the diet among the highest nobility.
Ancient Russia gradually adopted the culture of cultivation, and turnip firmly occupied a key place in the fields and vegetable gardens, being the basis for feeding the peasants, until the 18th century, until it was replaced by imported potatoes.
Inoculate this wonderful plant in the early spring, as soon as the earth dries. Prefers turnip slightly sandy and loamy, low-fat soil.
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Turnip likes sunny places, quickly developing, with enough light.
For a year two crops are received, the second time it is planted in the beginning of summer.
For the winter harvest of summer crops is harvested.
Among the pests, cabbage fly and cruciferous flea are isolated, which can destroy the entire crop.
How to choose and store
Three main types are used:
- white turnip,
- cokabu( Japanese).
Choose small and hard root crops, without cracks and with green leaves, which is a sign of freshness.
Heavy fruit speaks about the absence of cavities inside, and therefore quality.
In the refrigerator fresh reps are stored 1,5-2 months.
Green leaves, if any, are removed for storage.
To prolong the period, the fruits are covered with dry sand and placed in boxes.
The method will allow storing fruits throughout the winter.
You can still cut into slices and dry in the oven. We get chips, which are stored for a long time and serve as a seasoning for dishes.
Chemical composition of
Root crop is considered a dietary product, due to low caloric content( 30 kcal per 100 g).
At the same time, the composition includes a huge amount of micro- and macroelements needed by the human body.
|Substance||Content in 100 g|
|Vitamin||Content per 100 g||Daily requirement|
|A( beta-carotene)||0.1 mg||0.09 mg|
|B1( thiamine)||0.05 mg||1.5 mg|
|B2( riboflavin)||0, 05 mg||1.8 mg|
|B9( folic acid)||6 μg||400 μg|
|B3( niacin)||1 mg||20 mg|
|C( ascorbic acid)||20 mg||90 mg|
|Mineral||Content in 100 g||Daily requirement|
|Phosphorus||34 μg||700 μg|
|Iron||1 μg||8 μg|
|Magnesium||17 μg||420 m|
|g 20 g Sodium|
|1500 mcg 50 mcg Calcium|
|1000 mcg 240 mcg Potassium||4700 mcg|
Under normal circumstances, daily, enough to eat 200g turnip to fully provide the body with vitamins and minerals.
This is the best product for weight loss diets( benefit and harm of green tea with jasmine).
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The concentration of vitamin C with is twice that of products such as lemon, orange, black currant( leaf properties) and cabbage.
In addition to the above substances, root contains a special element of glucoraphanin , which is a natural antioxidant, preventing the formation of cancer tumors.
First and foremost, turnips are recommended to people who are prone to frequent illnesses.
It strengthens the immunity of and nourishes the organs and tissues, replenishing the lack of vitamins and minerals.
The root vegetable contains organic acids:
- improve brain function( head cleaning recipes are published here) and strengthen the nervous system,
- increase vascular strength and strengthen cell structure, including neurons.
Containing sugars do not harm the body with diabetes, while replenishing the necessary level of carbohydrates in the body.
With regular use, cosmetic effect is observed:
- skin looks healthy and rosy( about useful properties of cedar oil written here),
- stops hair loss,
- strengthens teeth and bones( increases calcium assimilation),
- develops muscles better.
In addition, slag and toxins are eliminated from the body, complete purification takes place.
Repeat products have such healing properties as:
- is a diuretic;
- is an analgesic;
- is bactericidal;
- anticarcinogenic( cancer control).
Contraindications to the use of
- Decoction of .
It will take: 1 root and 250 ml of water.
Turnip rubbed on a grater and poured with boiled water.
Put on the fire and cook for 15 minutes.
Then they wait for cooling and filter through gauze.
Take for 50 ml 3-4 times a day.
Treats sleep disorders and increased excitability.
At night, increase the dose.
Also helps with toothaches, in this case rinsing the oral cavity every 1-2 hours.
Used for colds of and infections of the upper respiratory tract.
Has an antiseptic and expectorant effect.
- Juice with honey .
Turnip is passed through a juicer or meat grinder.
Collect the juice and filter.
Add 1-2 tablespoons of honey.
Recommended for: colds( rapid treatment at home), cough and dyskinesia of the gallbladder.
Serves as a diuretic.
Take for 20-30 ml before meals three times a day.
- Poultice .
Turnip boil and knead to form a viscous porridge, which is put in gauze and used as a poultice or compress, which is applied to the sore spot.
Helps with gout and joint pain.
Root crops are peeled and rubbed on a fine grater.
Then mixed with goose fat in a proportion of 2 to 1.
Applied with frostbite to restore tissue and relieve pain.
The product is suitable for the treatment of joint pain( arthritis and arthrosis).
Accelerates wound healing of for cuts and burns.
Ointments are made compresses or directly applied to the problem area.
- Salad .
You will need:
- 300 g of root vegetable,
- 1 tablespoon of olive or sunflower oil,
- 3 tablespoons of sour cream,
- 1 hard-boiled egg,
- freshly squeezed lemon juice( 1 lemon),
- parsley, dill, onion greens( benefit and harm formen),
- salt and ground pepper.
- 1 kg of root crops,
- 3 tablespoons of butter,
- 2 tablespoons of wheat or amaranth flour( baking recipes written in this article),
- 250 ml of milk and 3 tablespoons of sour cream,
- seasonings and spices, you can add;onion, parsley, pepper( about the acute cayenne read on this page),
- 1-2 root vegetables, a glass of berries( strawberries, strawberries, honeysuckle, currants or blueberries),
- 1 tablespoon of honey.
The turnip is cut into small slices, and the egg is rubbed on a large grater.
Prepare the seasoning by mixing sour cream, butter( use and harm from walnut) and lemon juice.
Turnip put on a plate and sprinkle with grated egg, sprinkle with herbs from above and pour the prepared seasoning.
Salt and pepper add to taste.
Dietary salad is ready.
It is full of vitamins and other beneficial substances.
Hearty and delicious dish. Turnip in sour cream .
You will need:
Turnips are cleaned and cut into quarters, then poured into half of cooked water.
After that, salt and put 1 tablespoon of butter.
Put on the fire and cook for 15 minutes after boiling.
In parallel, the rest of the oil( amaranth's use) is melted in a frying pan and the flour is poured into it and mixed.
Gradually pour the milk thoroughly by mixing the ingredients.
The procedure lasts 6-7 minutes. It turns out the dairy sauce.
Add the sour cream and mix it.
Then sauce is poured into a container with boiled turnips and boiled for another 10-15 minutes.
Served with meat dishes( pork, lamb, beef) or with porridges.
Sprinkle with herbs according to taste and desire. Turnip with berries .
It will take:
Turnips are peeled and grated.
Berries knead and mix with grated turnip.
Delicious treat and a valuable source of vitamins and minerals.
Periodic use will increase immunity and improve the growth and development of children.
Do not use this product in the case of:
- stomach ulcer;
- is a severe form of diabetes mellitus;
- disease and nervous system disorders;
- thyroid dysfunction( instruction on the use of tincture tincture white);
- kidney disease( treatment with millet) and urinary tract;
- is an allergy or individual intolerance to components.
In case of side effects when using products from turnips, it is recommended to consult a doctor to determine the cause.
Frequent consumption of root vegetables in large quantities threatens to disrupt the digestive and excretory systems.
Should take breaks with diets. Pregnant and young mothers do not have contraindications, however, it is recommended to abstain from breastfeeding, as the reaction of the child's body is not known.
Recipes at home
Turnip can be prepared as a regular dish or as a medicinal product.
Consider the main recipes:
Turnip serves as a valuable source of vitamins and minerals.
Watch a video about the useful properties of ordinary turnips, favorite in the old days and gaining popularity in our time.