The first thing we present at the mention of the word "zira" is a cauldron with a steaming oriental plov.
There are her names and simpler: kmin, cumin and zera."Kammun" is called its Arabs.
Meanwhile, this spice is popular not only among cooks and gourmets: her healing abilities were recognized by Avicenna and Hippocrates.
- External application
From the family of umbrella
The homeland of this herbaceous plant is calledCentral Asia.
People far from botany easily confuse him with cumin.
Because of the strong similarity, including taste, the ziru is called Roman caraway or cumin.
In India, zira grows in every garden, delighting the owners with white and scarlet flowers in double umbrellas.
After flowering, oblong fruits appear, more than 5 mm in size. In the gastronomy, seeds that are larger in size than cumin seeds and possess a rich bitterish smell with notes of nut are valued.
Indian caraway is another name for spice.
It was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, adding it to food and medicine. Now the plant, except India, is cultivated in the territories of Africa, China, Iran, America and Turkey.
In Asia, every self-respecting hostess keeps this "queen of spices" at hand:
- is so called ziru in the East.
Composition and calorific value of
In 100 grams of seeds, the greater part is accounted for by carbohydrates( over 44 grams), half the amount for fats( 22.27 g) and proteins( about 18 grams).The rest is taken up by water( just over 8 grams).
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Ziru is considered an autonomous, vitamin-mineral complex:
- group of vitamins B.
Essential oil contentsource of a specific smell) in the fruits of the plant varies from 2.4% to 4%.Slightly less than 16% is gum.
Useful properties of
Along with Hippocrates and the Persian healer Ibn Sina, Platinum and Pliny mentioned the healing possibilities of zira more than once.
With their light hand, spice has taken a worthy place in folk medicine, having overtaken many medicinal plants, including seeds of black cumin( useful properties and contraindications).
It is noted that zira restores the normal activity of the whole organism and is used in such ailments as:
- toxemia in pregnant women,
- digestive disorders( swelling, nausea, indigestion);
- airway disease,
- heart disease,
- nervous exhaustion,
- vision impairment,
- problems with potency( pro use of walnuts with honey for men is written in this article).
Infusion of zira is considered a delicate diuretic, the effect of which is enhanced by the addition of fennel( useful properties of the herb described here) and coriander seeds( medicinal properties and contraindications).In a company with honey, the cumin clears up the memory.
"Gastric" tea , which drives flatulence and nausea, is prepared as follows:
- a teaspoon of zira is thrown into boiling water( 200 ml) and kept on low heat for ten minutes.
Drink chilled, half a glass, before eating.
Spice broth increases the lactation of in nursing mothers and eliminates colic in infants.
Cumin works as an antiseptic and is often used to tighten wounds and remove acne. There is also information about the anesthetic effect of this plant.
Oil consumption inside
Oil from zira learned to receive a long time, it was adopted:
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Particularly useful, recognized as unrefined oil of black zira. It is recommended to take if kidneys and liver are sore, cholesterol is elevated or immunity is weakened.
To restore memory, it is necessary, every day, to eat on a teaspoon of honey honey with the addition of 2-3 drops of oil.
This same drug will help to increase lactation to all young mothers. In some cases, oil acts as an anti-emetic if mixed with water or with tea in the right proportions.
External application of
In combination with base oils: olive( useful properties and contraindications), sesame or peach - with zira they turn into excellent analgesic( analgesic).
Joint pain subsides from rubbing the mixture from a tablespoon of base oil and three drops of cumin oil.
Anesthetic effect will intensify with the addition of a pinch of grated ginger.
Active substances accelerate blood circulation and metabolic processes in tissues, contributing to the rapid disappearance of hematomas and the reduction of pain syndrome.
The folk recipes use anticoagulant qualities of cumin oil:
- it is dripped into pink or peach oil, lubricating with a mixture of bruises and bags under the eyes( to get rid of them).
Before use, try a remedy on a small area of the skin to exclude allergic manifestations.
Also, zira oil is used for:
- treatment of dermatitis( allergic), neurodermatitis and itching;
- rid of dandruff and hair growth stimulation,
- treatment of prone to inflammation of the facial skin,
- giving elasticity to the bust.
During oil handling, care must be taken to ensure that does not get on the mucous membranes of the .
Breastfeeding mothers oil zira helps prevent milk stagnation.
If the doctor resolves and you are sure that the allergy will not arise, resort to a massage of the breast, taking vegetable oil with the addition of 2-3 drops of cumin.
The sharp smell of the product can scare away annoying bloodsuckers, it is only necessary to apply a couple of oily drops on clothes or skin.
If you have an aromatic lamp, drip oil into it to disinfect the air in the apartment during flu epidemics.
Weight loss with zide
Despite the fact that the zebra, like all spices, increases appetite, it can be tested as a weight-reducing agent( slimming herbs burning fat):
- you will be happy to eat low-calorie dishes flavored with thisspice.
Plus, the cumin has a set of positive qualities, especially appreciated by nutritionists:
- diuretic effect;
- is a relaxing action;
- stimulating digestion;
- elimination of toxins.
It's no wonder that the zira often becomes an ingredient of tea for weight loss( about the Caucasian hellebore written on this page), removing excess fluid, speeding up the blood flow and triggering peristalsis.
In general, zira makes the body cope with even the most severe diet.
The recipe of the drink is simple:
- two teaspoons of spice - on a thermos with brewed green tea with the addition of Garcinia Cambodian( reviews of doctors).
Drink it either immediately after a meal, or between meals.
To adjust the metabolism, a slightly more intricate drink will help:
- mix seeds of zira( 3 g),
- turmeric( 5 g),
- cardamom( 3 g),
- add 2 tbsp.spoonfuls of tea or coffee( benefit and harm with cinnamon),
- 3 g of Chinese cinnamon powder,
- pour the composition with water( 500 ml),
- keep on fire until boiling,
- remove from heat,
- insist for ten minutes and take in warm form.
This drink also has a generally restorative and smoothed spasmolytic effects.
In the eastern bazaars, the zir is never confused with cumin, because they taste genuine love for this spice.
The layman is at a loss when choosing a zira, offered to him in several varieties( grades).
Europeans know little about cumin, but there were times when Europeans used it as often as pepper, flavoring spicy dinners and dinners.
This happened from the 13th to the 14th century, until the cumin was replaced by the cumin.
Resurrection from non-existence happened recently, and the spice regained its place under the sun in the light of the growing curiosity of Europeans towards the cuisine of the East.
Ziru was promoted to the favorites of oriental spices, recognizing her rare ability to ennoble meat, vegetable, fish and other dishes.
Cumin sometimes performs in a duet with turmeric, cilantro or red pepper, becoming the base of numerous Indian condiments.
Cumin in national dishes
Ziru was again respected on the European continent. The French, Portugueses and Spaniards season with cumin stuffed vegetables, rice and sausages.
Residents of Germany and Greece put the spice in sausage, sausages and sauerkraut. The Dutch do not doubt that spice is good for their recognized cheeses.
Germans who use zir for their "Munster" production agree with them.
Spice has found its admirers in different corners of the world, having won the right to their own dish:
- in Mexico is meat with pepper( "chili con carne").
In the States, except for peppered beef stew, ziru is used when kneading a marinade for "fajitos" and "tacos", keeping chickens and beef there.
In India they like yoghurts and drinks with this spice, with an appetite they eat salads and soups with the addition of fresh cumin leaves.
If you have not already met this amazing spice, do not make up for lost time by throwing it in all the pans:
- like any plant, it can cause allergies.
Trying a dish with zither, observe the body's reaction:
- if strangeness is not noticed, you can safely increase the dosage.
Because the spice acts as a catalyst for gastric lysing, it is prohibited to people:
- suffering from heartburn,
- with increased acidity,
- with a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer.
Not so long ago in the Russian Federation, cumin was introduced into the register of plants with narcotic / toxic substances, prohibiting making biologically active additives from it.
If you have a good sense of smell and sharp eye, you will be able to choose a quality spice without the help of a trader.
It's about the market:
- in the store zira is sold already packed.
Seeds should be whole and exuding a tangible, but not irritating, odor. Excluded are halves, impurities and fragmented particles.
Take a couple of seeds and mash with your fingers, so you will smell.
The ground spice is stored a little, therefore, for the future it is not recommended to buy it.
Look at the video, what kind of zira, how to distinguish good from spoiled and where it is used.