In a broad sense, bronchitis is an inflammatory disease that mainly affects the mucous membrane of the lungs and bronchi. In medicine, there are two forms of the disease - chronic and acute.
It is not difficult to distinguish the symptomatology of each type. In acute form, bronchitis retains the clinical picture for a maximum of four weeks, in the second case, it takes months to get rid of the cough.
Patients of different ages are prone to the disease, but the treatment process deserves special attention if the symptoms occur in children. In time, the untreated disease can lead to negative consequences, develop into a chronic form and cause deviations in the working capacity of the respiratory system.
- Reasons for
- How does the child's bronchitis manifest?
- General recommendations
- How to treat folk remedies?
- What is not recommended?
- Prevention measures
The main cause of bronchitis is the defeat of the respiratory system by the inflammatory process. Chronic form of the disease in children develops in the absence of timely treatment or interruption of the course of taking drugs before the recommended time.
To the causes of bronchitis in children are the following factors:
- viral infection( when bacteria get into the respiratory system);
- hypothermia of the body;
- respiratory tract disease( pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheitis);
- inadequate development of the respiratory system;
- increased reactivity of the musculature of the bronchi;
- immune dysfunction;
- chronic allergic conditions( read here about treatment with folk remedies);
- respiratory failure;
- harmful environmental conditions;
- dentition can provoke bronchitis in a child;
- contact with infected adults or other children.
Most often, bronchitis in children is observed in the cold season due to the constant supercooling of the body. In such periods it is important to protect immunity and take appropriate preventive measures.
In some cases, the cause of bronchitis may be a hereditary predisposition of the child( if parents have diagnoses of chronic bronchitis).
How does the child's bronchitis manifest?
If you have any signs of bronchitis, you should give the child adequate help in a timely manner and consult a doctor. The clinical picture of the disease is similar to ARI, ODS and other viral diseases, but has its own characteristics. One of the signs of bronchitis is a protracted and severe cough, which is very difficult to get rid of by usual medications.
Symptoms of bronchitis in children:
- elevated body temperature ( deviations can be as insignificant( up to 37 degrees) and critical( up to 39 degrees), this symptom is affected by the general state of the child's immunity);
- permanent dry cough ( after a few days the symptom is replaced by a wet cough, but its intensity does not decrease);
- occurrence of pain in the chest area ( pain can manifest with varying degrees of intensity, it is difficult to get a clear picture of the sensations from the child due to age);
- wheezing in the lungs of ( can be both wet and dry, well audible even in the absence of special medical devices);
- general weak state ( the child is not active, he wants to sleep, does not show interest in toys or other subjects that he usually plays with);
- signs of tachycardia and rapid heartbeat ( a symptom is usually accompanied by dizziness or occurs after it).
One of the symptoms of bronchitis is considered to be a catarrhal disease. Usually, the disease develops against the background of ARI or ODS.If in a short period of time the child recovers, it is most likely that the cold provoked a significant defeat of the respiratory system, and bronchitis developed. On how timely and fully the course of treatment will take place, its shape depends.
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General recommendations of
If you have a diagnosis of bronchitis in a child, you should definitely seek help from a doctor. Self-medication can have negative consequences for the child's body. To appoint a course of certain drugs, procedures and accurately determine the form of the disease can only a specialist with a medical background.
Methods of traditional medicine have a good level of effectiveness, but they must be combined with taking medications. Otherwise, you can get rid of symptoms and get it, but no natural component or procedure from traditional medicine can cure bronchitis.
In some cases, if there is any doubt, doctors need to confirm the diagnosis with an X-ray. In addition, the child is taken for sputum tests. This procedure helps to determine the state of the body and identify contraindications to the administration of antibiotics of certain groups.
Treatment of bronchitis should be carried out in a complex:
- bed rest and parts ( from the diet, all products that can irritate the mucous membranes or cause an allergic reaction are excluded);
- with medicines ( appointed by a doctor);
- therapeutic procedures ( if necessary);
- with traditional medicine ( as agreed with the doctor).
For reasons of occurrence, pediatric bronchitis may be allergic, viral, asthmatic or obstructive. Each type implies a certain treatment.
Only specialists should select the methods. Complications of the disease lead to a change in the structure of the respiratory system, and disrupt the further functioning of the mucous membranes of the bronchi.
How to treat folk remedies?
When choosing alternative medicine for the treatment of pediatric bronchitis, it is important to understand the difference between a small and an adult patient. All methods should be sparing and not delivering a child considerable discomfort.
Recipes are best coordinated with a specialist. Before applying the recommendations of traditional medicine, it is important to consider the possible individual intolerance of individual components.
Examples of traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of bronchitis in children:
- milk with mineral water ( heated milk should be mixed in the same amount with any mineral water, use the product is recommended at least three times a day, the milk should not be at room temperature, but not hot);
- sweet onion broth ( small bulb must be peeled off, chopped, add two teaspoons of sugar, pour a glass of water and cook over low heat for 10 minutes, after the procedure, decoction does not need to filter, to reduce the onion smell and taste, you can add a littlehoney, give the child two or three times a day for one tablespoon of the mixture 20 minutes before eating);
- a mixture of plantain ( three tablespoons of crushed fresh plantain leaves should be mixed with a similar amount of honey or sugar, the mixture warmed over low heat, cool and give the child one teaspoon three times a day for 30 minutes before eating);
- milk with sage( boil one glass of milk with one teaspoon of sage, cool mixture, drain and give to the baby at night once a day);
- a decoction of St. John's wort and marigold ( mix St. John's wort and marigold mixed in one teaspoon, pour a glass of boiling water and boil for 10 minutes, broth strain, cool and give the child 50 ml 20 minutes before meals three times a day, you can drinkadd a small amount of honey or sugar).
What is not recommended?
In the treatment of bronchitis in a child, one should never be guided by one's own arguments and assumptions. Self-medication should be completely ruled out. In addition, when choosing traditional medicine to accelerate the process of treatment, it is important to select them objectively.
Due to excessive use of certain components or questionable recipes, an allergic reaction may occur, and the overall condition of the small patient will only worsen. Bronchitis is always treated with medications or therapeutic procedures.
When bronchitis in a child is not recommended:
- do any kind of massage;
- allow contact with children or adults with signs of any disease( including colds);
- independently select antibiotics and give their child uncontrolled;
- use warm-up if sputum purulent;
- do inhalation with hot steam( with bronchitis such a method is useless and even dangerous for children's respiratory organs);
- use only traditional medicine as a treatment.
A child with bronchitis should not be taken to a medical institution .The call of the doctor is carried out only on the house. Otherwise, if you are in contact with other infected patients( any catarrhal and viral diseases), the symptoms may worsen.
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The main measure of preventing bronchitis is attention to the health of the child and the timely treatment of all diseases. Untreated cold can cause chronic respiratory diseases, and persistent hypothermia will significantly reduce the immunity of the baby.
The measures for the prevention of bronchitis include:
- the proper nutrition of the child( the diet should contain enough vitamins and useful products);
- suppression of supercooling;
- reception of prophylactic preparations in a cold season or during the periods of mass diseases of children;
- Exception of the child's inhalation of tobacco smoke;
- organization of a child's full rest and lifestyle( timely sleep, sufficient activity);
- regular airing of the room in which the child is located;
- carrying out of improving procedures( massage, swimming, playing sports).
Regular walks in the fresh air and morning exercises have a beneficial effect on the children's body and prevent the development of numerous diseases, including bronchitis. A child with good immunity is not at risk even if he has to contact infected people.
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