Any adult person sometimes has festering and sour eyes. It depends on a number of reasons.
Isolation of pus in the eye area is always a consequence of the development of infection in the conjunctival sac. The bacteria in it multiply rapidly, especially at night, when the eyelids are closed. The body begins to fight infection, producing a large amount of mucus, which because of its specific composition at the time of the inflammatory process is sticky and very soon dries, gluing the edges of the eyelids together.
Therefore, in the morning we sometimes can not open the eyelids and it is important to know exactly what to do at home and how to treat such a condition to properly help our body to regain a healthy and comfortable state.
Of course, it is better to consult a doctor-oculist in the clinic at the place of his residence. Because hoping for self-medication at home is not always advisable, because we do not know the real cause of the disease. Suddenly, this is a bacterial( infectious) process. We need special medicines. Then, you can easily open a hospital sheet with this pathology. And you will be able to fully cure the purulent process without complications and transfer it by contact-household way to your close family members.
. Why do the eyes fester: the causes of
? The following factors and diseases provoke suppuration. And we will start from the simplest cases to more complex ones:
Allergic causes of .Suppuration in this case is manifested only in cases of severe inflammation. It is caused by prolonged exposure to the stimulus on the body.
Because of allergies the conjunctiva is inflamed, therefore this phenomenon is known as allergic conjunctivitis. It manifests itself in the form of inflammation of the mucous membrane, the formation of follicles, in the late stages of the development of the disease the eyes begin to fester. Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis is carried out with the help of traditional therapy, including using antihistamines.
Conjunctivitis .The most common cause of suppuration, formed on the eyes. Conjunctivitis, depending on the causes of its appearance is bacterial, chronic, acute epidemic, gonorrhea.
The main symptoms of are : redness, tearing, itching, burning, formation and secretion of pus. With gonorrheal conjunctivitis, for example, pus appears with an admixture of blood, and as a result, it can lead to a perforated ulcer and loss of vision. Therefore, it is important to begin treatment of the disease in a timely manner.
If the eyes start to fester, then the conjunctivitis passes into a dangerous stage, when it is necessary to resort to radical methods of therapy, in order to achieve an improvement in the eye condition as soon as possible.
Barley .With this unpleasant phenomenon, it meets at least once in a lifetime every second. Barley is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands located along the edges of the eyelids. The sebaceous secret they give away softens the skin of the eyelids and protects it from wetting. With excessive secretions of this substance, clogging occurs, and an environment favorable for the development of infection is formed. All this provokes an inflammatory process. At the border of the century appears abscess, which eventually matures, which is accompanied by severe pain. Sometimes the infection does not require treatment. But such an approach is possible only if the patient has strong immunity.
Among the pathogens of barley, is the most common staphylococcal bacterium and demodecosis. In the first case, infection occurs through the dirty hands with which the patient rubs the eyes, touches the face. Staphylococcal bacteria, getting into the hair follicle, affects the sebaceous glands. In children it is this pathogen that causes barley.
Demodecosis is the smallest mite that settles at the base of the eyelashes and provokes itching. To infect them a person can from animals with close contact. The presence of demodicosis on eyelashes causes in patients an acute desire to scratch the eye. As a result of rubbing, a secondary infection develops, there is a strong inflammation with the formation of suppuration. Get rid of purulent discharge after the maturation of barley should not be. If you press on the tumor, you can spread the infection all over the eye.
Therefore, it is necessary to treat barley with antiseptic agents, among which the most effective is Miramistin. However, this drug acts at the initial stages of infection. In addition, for the treatment of barley for the eyelid tetracycline ointment is pawned, the eye is carefully treated with an ethyl alcohol infiltrate( 70%).In spite of the fact that it is impossible to squeeze out the contents of the abscess, it is necessary to carefully remove the purulent discharge that appears on the surface of the eye and the eyelid.
Keratitis .This inflammation of the cornea causes a deterioration in vision and a decrease in its severity. Suppuration is one of the main symptoms of keratitis. The presence of the disease is also indicated by pain in the eyeball, photophobia, spasms of the eyelids. Visually, you can see the opacity of the cornea and redness due to rupture of the smallest capillaries.
As keratitis develops, patients complain of vision impairment: gradually it becomes difficult for them to distinguish between small items, read or work on a computer for a long time.
The causes of keratitis are injuries and burns, neurogenic factors. Diagnosis of the disease is carried out on the basis of clinical manifestations, by examining the eyeball and eyelid. The cause of keratitis can be herpes. His virus affects the cornea, causes the vessels to grow into it and the formation of ulcers. If keratitis is caused by an infection, its treatment involves the use of ointments and drops with antibiotics. When the causative agent is recognized as herpes, antiviral drugs are more effective.
With correct and timely treatment of keratitis, the transparency of the cornea, visual acuity is completely restored. Among the negative effects of keratitis - the formation of thorns, blindness.
Trachoma .It also causes the formation of pus in the eye area. This infection, the causative agent of which is chlamydia, undergoes several stages in its development.
In the beginning, inflammation affects the epithelial cells of the cornea and conjunctiva, and then spreads to deeper tissues, the cartilage of the eyelids. At one of the stages, the eyes begin to fester, from the resulting furuncles, a purulent substance is released, after which scarring begins.
Treatment of trachoma is carried out by antibiotics and sulfanilamide preparations. In severe cases, tetracycline ointment, which is stored behind the eyelid, is combined with erythromycin, doxycycline. If such therapy proves ineffective, they resort to prompt intervention. Without it, you can not do with deep scarring.
Sore eyes in a newborn child
In the first few months of life, the immunity of the baby is very weak. The organism during this period is largely susceptible to various infections, among which there are those that provoke suppuration in the eye area.
Avoid this by carefully caring for the baby, washing and compresses. In the first weeks of life, eyelashes often coalesce, there is lacrimation, the formation of pus in the lower eyelid. It is in this form that dacryocystitis and conjunctivitis are manifested in newborns.
Why do the eyes of a newborn look faint?
The main cause of suppuration is dacryocystitis. The disease is caused by inflammation of the lacrimal sac due to the stagnation of tears in the eyes and thus the formation of the environment for reproduction and the development of pathogenic bacteria.
This is due to the fact that the child does not have a nasolacrimal canal. A few weeks later, this problem is solved naturally.
But sometimes the nasolacrimal canal is torn apart during surgery. The formation of pus in the eyes indicates the need for an operation.
In newborns it provokes suppuration in the eyes and infectious conjunctivitis. Infect them a child can from the mother during childbirth or when communicating with a sick person. To avoid this, at first you should try to be fewer in public places, limit contacts with people who suffer from various infections.
If the child has contracted from the mother during childbirth, the first signs of the disease will become apparent on the second or third day of life. They are manifested in the fact that the eyelids of the newborn are sticking together, pus is formed in the corners.
Than to treat eyes to the kid?
Within the framework of prophylaxis of dacryocystitis immediately after birth, a special drug is injected into the eye. However, this may not be enough. Mom can help cope with the disease to the newborn. It is enough just to remove the pu-puff secreted from the pus, in time, wetting it with an antiseptic solution. At the same time, it is necessary to keep the child's head from the side of the head, so as not to damage the eyes when the baby moves unexpectedly.
Special massage of the lacrimal sac helps to rupture the film, preventing the outflow of tears. It is performed by the little finger, you should first ask the attending physician to demonstrate the technique of its implementation. To enhance the effect, antibacterial drops are used.
Isolation of pus can be associated with poor child care. Therefore, if the eyes fester, they should be washed more often, bury the drops prescribed by the doctor, lay the ointment behind the eyelid.
Than to treat and what to do, if the eyes fester?
Before treatment, aimed at getting rid of suppuration in the eyes, you should consult an ophthalmologist to determine the causes of this phenomenon. The doctor will make a diagnosis, on the basis of which the therapy is selected.
So, with conjunctivitis, the complex treatment includes eye wash with camomile and calendula , strongly brewed with black tea , laying antibacterial ointment behind the eyelid , using eye drops .
If the eyes fester due to an allergic reaction, it is necessary to identify the irritant, eliminate it and fight inflammation. Suppuration caused by catarrhal diseases, influenza occurs after a full recovery of the patient.
As part of the prophylaxis, it is necessary to monitor with personal hygiene .Often with a cold, the handkerchief is used for the nose, and then the eyes are wiped out to them. Thus, the infection spreads. As a result, the eyes can begin to fester. To the similar effect leads use of another's cosmetics, towels, pillows.
It is very important during the treatment of infections that caused suppuration, bury the medicine in both eyes , similarly lay the ointment behind the eyelid. This is due to the fact that all organs and their systems in the body are interrelated. Influencing one eye, the medicine at the same time has an effect on the other. In addition, the infection spreads very quickly. If treatment is directed to only one eye, inflammation can soon affect another.
Tetracycline Ointment .To eliminate suppuration ointments are used, the most effective is tetracycline. This drug is used to relieve inflammation, which are caused by infection with microorganisms, it also has antibacterial action. The active component of the ointment is tetracycline. Along with it, it also includes anhydrous lanolin and medical petroleum jelly. Tetracycline has bacteriostatic properties, so it fights against staphylococcus, streptococcus, chlamydia, gonococcus and some other pathogens that provoke inflammation of the eyes with suppuration.
Ointment is usually prescribed for keratitis, trachoma, conjunctivitis of various types, blepharitis. It is necessary to lay it for the eyelid several times a day. Tetracycline ointment sometimes causes photophobia and an allergic reaction, so treatment should be performed under the supervision of an ophthalmologist. In addition, it has a special property to accumulate in the enamel and dentin of erupting teeth in children, which affects their color. A significant advantage of tetracycline ointment is a low price.
Floxal .Not inferior to her effectiveness in the drug is "Floxal".This ophthalmic ointment has an antimicrobial effect, it is used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases caused by various microorganisms. Can use if eyes fester with blepharitis, barley, conjunctivitis, dacryocystitis, eye trauma, chlamydial infection, ulcer of the cornea. Similarly, tetracycline, this ointment is placed behind the eyelid several times a day. The course of treatment should not exceed 14 days.
Among side effects of the drug there is increased sensitivity to light, burning, itching, discomfort in the eyes. During treatment with suppuration ointment "Floxal" you can not wear contact lenses. It is recommended to use sunglasses to avoid exposure to ultraviolet radiation. After passing the course of treatment, "Floxalom" may reduce visual acuity.
What to do if the eyes of a child or an adult have an eye: doctor Dagaev A. Kh.
Moscow Eye Clinic.
If the adult's or the child's eye has been bilious, what should I do? The doctor tells about the ophthalmologist of the Moscow Eye Clinic - A. Kh. Dagayev.
The telephone of the Moscow Clinical Hospital in Moscow for information and appointment: 8( 499) 322-36-36( daily from 9:00 to 21:00).
Inflammation of the eyes in adults and children: causes and treatment
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Source: author of the article - Degtyarova Marina Vitalevna, ophthalmologist, ophthalmologist,