Obsessive-compulsive disorder: causes and treatment

The obsessive-compulsive disorder, more correctly called obsessive-compulsive disorder, is a common mental and neurological disorder, to which quite a few people are currently exposed. Progressive disorder begins to interfere with a person's full life, causes feelings of anxiety, sometimes it is combined with severe depression. It is worth knowing about the basic methods of treating the obsessive-compulsive disorder, which will help get rid of obsessive thoughts and other manifestations of the disorder.

Content:
  • The neurosis of compulsive states: what is it?
  • Children
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • How to get rid of obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • What tablets are better for a neurosis?
  • How to cure neurosis yourself
  • Treatment with folk remedies
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The neurosis of compulsive states: what is it?

A neurosis of compulsive conditions is sometimes called obsessive-compulsive disorder, which is characterized by the appearance of obsessive thoughts, which are called obsessions. And also obsessive actions, which are called compulsions. Obsessive thoughts and movements cause feelings of anxiety, most often the mechanism works like this: the patient has obsessions that provoke anxiety, with which he begins to struggle with rituals and repetitive actions.

Against the background of these conditions often there are various irrational phobias, suspiciousness, some patients can be very superstitious or religious. Some patients have stronger thoughts, some movements. Depending on this, several forms of neurosis can be distinguished:

  • predominantly obsessions, thoughts;
  • predominantly obsessive actions, rituals;
  • mixed thoughts and movements;
  • other obsessive-compulsive disorders;
  • unspecified disorder.

This classification of species is offered by the ICD-10 registry, in which these disorders come from F42.0. In addition to the classification of the ICD, some experts suggest treating neurosis depending on the duration and nature.

Isolate the disease with a single seizure disorder. It can last up to several years, with multiple attacks, between which there is remission, a normal condition, with a continuous course, in which there is a deterioration in well-being and increased attacks. One form can pass into another with the course of the disease.

Most often this pathology occurs in adults, it is at an older age people turn to a doctor with symptoms and a characteristic picture of the disease. In adolescents, severe forms of frustration are rare, at this age the disease usually only begins to develop. Also worth noting that in adolescence diagnose neurosis is difficult because of the characteristics of age-related behavior.

Children

The neurosis of compulsive movements in children can occur without thinking, usually it is not associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder directly. Children often have various nervous tics, signs of hyperactivity. If obsessive movements are combined with restlessness, prevent a child from concentrating on something, it is worth consulting with a neurologist or a psychologist.

With a proven obsessive-compulsive disorder do not take into the army, especially if there are other abnormalities in the background of this disease. To get a delay associated with this pathology, you need to contact a doctor - a psychiatrist.

Important!If you just get to a psychiatrist is not possible, a neurologist can help with this disease.

Causes

Modern psychiatry is hampered with the identification of clear causes of neurosis, there are several theories of the development of this disease. Typically, experts identify a variety of psychological, genetic and neurological factors that can affect the development of pathology.

If someone from family members have already identified a disorder, there is a likelihood of his appearance. However, a certain psychological ground is also needed, a superstitious people with a pronounced religiosity, a severe illness, often infectious in nature, show a tendency toward neurosis. Also, neurosis often develops against a background of severe phobias.

The tendency to frustration is also manifested by people with a high level of anxiety, being in a depressed state. Between depression and neurosis, communication is not established, but it happens that both diseases occur simultaneously.

Also, some experts note the neurological factor, the peculiarities of metabolism and other reasons that are difficult to establish. In any case, the disease can be cured with proper therapy.

Symptoms

The main symptoms of this disease are obsessive thoughts and movements, in some cases they can occur separately. With imposed ideas, ideas, desires, images, it is extremely difficult to struggle, they seem to come to their minds. The most common thoughts encountered in this disorder are:

  1. Fear of contracting any infection, fear of contamination.
  2. Fear and constant thoughts about hurting other people or yourself.
  3. Constant cruel and frank thoughts and images, which can be extremely unpleasant to the patient himself.
  4. Obsessive desire for order up to the fact that it turns into a desire to exhibit objects in symmetry.
  5. Superstitions, the consideration of random events as non-random, the search for meaning in them.
  6. The fear of losing certain things, their real importance does not matter.

Against the backdrop of such thoughts and ideas, there are certain movements or rituals that help to weaken them. Acts associated with compulsive disorder at the same time look quite pointless from the outside. The patient may several times a day wipe the dust in the same place, check the presence of important items for him, repeat or say certain phrases to himself.

Thus, to identify the neurosis, there must be compulsive ideas and thoughts, repetitive stereotyped movements and feelings of fear, and anxieties that arise when rituals are violated.

Important!Before the beginning of treatment it is necessary to diagnose a psychiatrist, it is important to distinguish between neurosis and paranoia and other disorders.

How to get rid of obsessive-compulsive disorder

This disease involves an integrated approach, it is impossible to cope with neurosis with the help of only one pill or self-hypnosis. Also in most cases, competent psychotherapy is required, much depends also on the efforts of the patient himself and the desire to get rid of obsessive conditions.

With this disease, treatment at home is acceptable, monitoring and treatment in the hospital is required only in extreme cases, when the disease is combined with other pathologies that strongly affect the critical perception of reality in the patient.

What tablets are better for a neurosis?

Appointment of drugs for this disease can only be an expert, but it is worthwhile to make a brief review of the drugs that are used in neurosis, so that the names are not frightened at the appointment. It is worth noting that, depending on the course of the disease, all groups can be used or only one of them.

  1. Antidepressants. This group of drugs showed the greatest effectiveness in the fight with OCD, usually used Clomipramine, Fluoxetine, Sertraline and their analogues.
  2. With severe anxiety apply various tranquilizers, which help to calm the excitement. Diazepam, phenazepam, and their analogs can be used. The drug Fenibut is also referred to this group, it is considered quite outdated, but sometimes continue to appoint, it is also effective.
  3. To strengthen the actions of antidepressants, drugs - normotimics can be used, lithium preparations are included in them. For the same purpose, a number of tranquilizers are used.

The course of treatment depends on the individual characteristics of the course of the disease. Also, you should prepare for the fact that suitable drugs will not be picked up right away, sometimes you have to try several kinds of antidepressants before finding the right one.

Some people use homeopathic treatment, but these drugs do not refer to official methods of treatment and show rather low efficiency. They can be used if, together with the disorder, there is reduced immunity or vitamin deficiency. These conditions can impede full recovery.

How to cure neurosis yourself

It is almost impossible to cope independently with this disease. However, much depends on the patient's efforts, while taking medication and psychotherapy, they are advised to change the way of life, to get rid of irritating factors if possible.

First of all, it is advised to spend more time in the open air, normalize the regime of the day. Many neurological diseases increase with a lack of sleep, so you should start sleeping at least eight hours a day. It is advised to switch to a healthy diet, exercise more physical activity.

Also for this disease show the effectiveness of a warm bath. It is enough to conduct such a procedure several times a week, then apply a cold compress to the forehead. Experts note the benefit of such a procedure for neuroses.

It is worth noting that hypnosis treatment and other non-traditional methods can be dangerous in this disease. Official medicine has not proven their effectiveness, but it is rather difficult to find a really willing person to help a proven specialist. In any case, such methods can not be relied on completely.

Treatment with folk remedies

Folk remedies are not as effective in this disease as taking medications and psychotherapy. However, traditional medicine has many recipes for sedative, soothing, medicinal herbs. They will help to ease the expressed anxiety in frustration.

It is advised to use dried mint grass, sage, lemon balm, chamomile. They can be added to teas or brewed separately, a glass of hot water is taken one tablespoon of the plant. One glass is enough before going to bed, you can add milk and honey in the infusion.

With proper therapy, the symptoms of the disorder will begin to subside. Often, the treatment stretches for years, but with a competent approach, neurosis ceases to affect the state of mind and the life of a person very soon.